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Singalila, hill range in Bengal, xii. 528.

Singampunari, village in Madras, xii.

Singanalh'ir, village in Madras, xii. 528.

Singanmat, peak in Bengal, xii. 528.

Singapur, town in Madras, xii. 528.

Singarapet, pass in Madras. See Chen-
gama.

Singaurgarh, hill fort in Central Pro-
vinces, xii. 528, 529.



Singh, Sir Digbijai, Raja of Balrampur,
saved Delafosse, and the survivors
of Cawnpur massacre (1857), i. 451 ;
sheltered Mr. Wingfield, Commissioner
of Gonda, in his fort, and was largely
rewarded, x. 149, 150.

Singha and Sena dynasties of Surashtra
(70 B.C. -235 A.D.), article ' India,' vi.
182.

Singhaji, local saint, to whom temples
are erected in Hoshangabad and
Nimar, and founder of the sect of the
Singhapanthis, iii. 316.

Singhana, town in Rajputana, xii. 529.

Singhapanthis, sect in the Central Pro-
vinces, iii. 316.

Singhbhum, District in Bengal, xii.
529-541 ; physical aspects, 529-531 ;
minerals, 531 ; forests, jungle products,
etc., 531, 532; history, 532-534;
population, 534-536 ; the Hosor Larka
Kols, 535 ; material condition of the
people, 536, 537 ; agriculture, 537,

538 ; land tenures, 538 ; natural cala-
mities, 539 ; commerce and trade,

539 ; administration, 539, 540 ; medical
aspects, 540, 541.

Singheswarthan, ..village with elephant

fair in Bengal, xii. 541.
Singhpur, town in Central Provinces, xii.

541.

Singhpur, petty State in Bombay, xii. 541.

Singimari, village in Assam, xii. 541.

Singimari, river in Bengal, xii. 541.

Singla, river in Assam, xii. 542.

Singpho Hills, tract of country on Assam
frontier, xii. 542.

Singphos, aboriginal tribe in Upper
Burma, iii. 212 ; Lakhimpur, viii. 431 ;
Singpho Hills, xii. 542.

Singrauli, tract of land in N.-W. Pro-
vinces, xii; 542.

Singraur, village in N. -W. Provinces, xii.
.542, 543.

Sinhachalam, temple in Madras, xii. 543.

Sinhgarh, hill fort in Bombay, xii. 543,

.544-
Sinjhauli Shahzadpur, town in Oudh, xii.

.544-
Sinnar, Sub-division in Bombay, xii.

544-
Sinnar, town in Bombay, xii. 544, 545.
Siobara, petty Bhil State in Bombay.

See Dang States.
Siohara, town in N.-W. Provinces, xii.

.545-

Sipra, river in Central India, xii. 545.
Sira, taluk in Mysore, xii. 545.
Sira, town in Mysore, xii. 545, 546.
Siraguppa, town in Madras, xii. 546.
Sirajganj, Sub-division in Bengal, xii.

.546.
Sirajganj, town in Bengal, xii. 546-550;



INDEX.



305



its river trade, 547-549 5 J ute Company,

549> 55°-

Siraj-ud-daula, Nawab of Bengal (1756-
57), article ' India,' vi. 380-382 ;
capture of Calcutta by, the Black Hole,
380, 381 ; recapture of Calcutta and
the battle of Plassey, 381, 382. ^ Local
notices— His victory at Baldiabari, ii.
II ; in Rohilkhand, ii. 139, 140 ; took
Fort- William (1756), and perpetrated
atrocity of the Black Hole at Calcutta,
iii. 241 ; took Kasimbazar (1757), viii.
84 ; his trick on Ali Vardi Khan, x.
36 ; built the Motijhil palace at Mur-
shidabad, x. 36 ; his tomb there, x.
36; defeated at Plassey (i757)» xi -
194 ; defeated Shankat Jang, governor
of Purniah, at Nawabganj, xi. 324.

Siran, river in Punjab, xii. 551.

Sirasgaon, town in Berar, xii. 551.

Sirathu, tahsil in N.-W. Provinces, xii.

551-

Sirathu, village in N.-W. Provinces, xn.

551, 552.

Sirdhana, town in N.-W. Provinces.
See Sardhana.

Sirguja, Native State in Bengal. See
Sarguja.

Sirhind, tract of country in Punjab, xii.
552.

Sirhind Canal, in Punjab, xn. 552 ;
article ' India,' vi. 532. Local notices
— Ambala, i. 215; Firozpur, iv. 444;
Ludhiana, viii. 519.

Sirmur, one of the sub-Himalayan or
Hill States in Punjab, xii. 552-556 ;
physical aspects, 553 ; minerals, 553 ;
554 ; history, 554 ; population, 554,
555 ; products, dress, and religion, 555 ;
medical aspects, 555, 556.

Sirohi, Native State in Rajputana, xiii.
1-7 ; physical aspects, 1-3 ; geology,
2 ; forests, 2, 3 ; history, 3, 4 ; popula-
tion, 4, 5 ; agriculture, 5 ; land tenures,
5, 6 ; natural calamities, 6 ; education,
communications, etc. , 6 ; medical
aspects, 6, 7.

Sirohi, capital of Sirohi State, xiii. 7.

Sirol, suburb of Benares. See Sikrol.

Sironcha, town in Central Provinces,
xiii. 7.

Sironj,/ar£-a;^z' and town in Tonk State,
Rajputana, xiii. 7, 8.

Sirpur, town in Berar, xiii. 8.

Sirsa, District in Punjab, xiii. 8-19;
physical aspects, 8- 1 1 ; history, II, 12;
population, 12-14; material condition
of the people, 14, 15 ; occupations,
15, 16; agriculture, 16, 17; natural
calamities, 17 ; commerce and trade,
17, 18 ; means of communication,
18; administration, 18, 19; medical
aspects, 19.
VOL. XIV.



Sirsa, tahsil in Punjab, xiii. 19, 20.
Sirsa, town in Punjab, xiii. 20, 21.
Sirsa, town in N.-W. Provinces, xiii. 21.
Sirsi, Sub-division in Bombay, xiii. 21.
Sirsi, town in Bombay, xiii. 21, 22.
Sirsi, town in N.-W. Provinces, xiii. 22.
Sirsi, guaranteed chiefship, feudatory to

Gwalior, Central India, xiii. 22.
Sirsi, town in Central Provinces, xiii. 22.
Sirsundi, estate in Central Provinces,

xiii. 22.
Siruguppa, town in Madras. See Sira-

S u P a -
Sirur, Sub-division in Bombay, xiii.

22, 23.

Sirur, town and cantonment in Bombay,

xiii. 23.
Sirutandanallur, town in Madras, xiii.

23, 24.

Sirvel, taluk and village in Madras,

xiii. 24.
Sirwis, cultivating class in Jodhpur, vii.

238.
Sisang Chandli, petty State in Kathi-

awar, xiii. 24.
Siskal-betta, peak in the Western Ghats,

xiii. 24.
Sisotar, town in N.-W. Provinces, xiii.

Sispara, pass in Madras, xiii. 24.

Sissaindi, town in Oudh, xiii. 24.

Sissana, town in Punjab, xiii. 24.

Sisii. See Shisham trees.

Siswali, town in Rajputana, xiii. 24.

Sitabaldi, suburb of Nagpur and battle-
field in Central Provinces, xiii. 24.

Sitakund, peak and sacred hill in Bengal,
xiii. 25.

Sitakund, place of pilgrimage in Bengal,
xiii. 25.

Sitakund, tank in Bengal, xiii. 25.

Sitalpur, village in Bengal, xiii. 25.

Sitamarhi, Sub-division in Bengal, xiii.

25, 26.

Sitamarhi, town in Bengal, xiii. 26.
Sitamau, Native State in Central India,

xiii. 26.
Sitamau, capital of Sitamau State, xiii.

26, 27.

Sitampetta, pass in Madras, xiii. 27.

Sitanagar, town in Central Provinces,
xiii. 27.

Sitanagaram, hills in Madras, xiii. 27.

Sitang, peak in Bengal, xiii. 27.

Sitapur, Division or Commissionership in
Oudh, xiii. 27-29.

Sitapur, District in Oudh, xiii. 29-37 ;
physical aspects, 29, 30 ; history, 30-
33 ; population, 33, 34 ; agriculture,
34-36 ; natural calamities, 36 ; roads
and means of communication, 36 ;
administration, 36, 37 ; medical aspects,
37-

U



306



INDEX.



Sitapur, tahsi'lm Oudh, xiii. 3J, 38.
Sitapur, pargand in Oudh, xiii. 38.
Sitapur, town and cantonment in Oudh,

xiii. 38, 39.
Sitapur, town in N.-W. Provinces,

xiii. 39.
Sitarampalli, town in Madras. See

Chatrapur.
Sitarampur, abandoned coal-mine in

Bengal, xiii. 39.
Sitaram Raz, ruled Vizianagram for his

brother (1759-84), xiii. 500.
Sitoung, river of Burma. See Sit-taung.
Sitpur, village in Punjab, xiii. 39.
Sittar, theistic school of Tamil hymn-

ologists, article ' India,' vi. 332, 333.
Sit-taung, township in Lower Burma,

xiii. 39, 40.
Sit-taung, town in Lower Burma, xiii. 40.
Sit-taung, river in Burma, xiii. 40, 41.
Siva, the Destroyer and Reproducer, the

third person in the Hindu triad, article

' India,' vi. 98 ; his twofold aspects,

211, 212.

Sivaganga, town and estate in Madras,
xiii. 41.

Sivaganga, hill with temples in Mysore,
xiii. 41, 42.

Sivagiri, town in Madras, xiii. 42.

Sivaji the Great, the consolidator of the
Maratha power (1627-80), article
' India,' vi. 317-319 ; his hill forts and
guerilla warfare, 318, 319 ; coined
money and enthroned himself, 319.
Local notices —Overran North Arcot
(1676), i. 313 ; in Bellary, ii. 242 ; took
several forts from the king of Bijapur,
ii. 424; his life and policy, iii. y] ; a
Kunbi by caste, iii. 51 ; his mother
a daughter of Lakji Jadun Rao, iii.
144 ; plundered Cuddapah, iv. 48 ;
invaded the Karnatik through the
Damalcherri pass (1686), iv. 100 ;
plundered Dharangaon (1674, 1679),
iv. 250 ; overran and partially con-
quered Dharwar, iv. 259 ; failed to
take Ghorbandar (1672), v 75; took
Gingi (1677), v. 83 ; made treaty with
Abu Husain, last king of Golconda
(1680), v. 256; plundered town and
English factory at Hubli (1673), v -
467 ; repeatedly failed to take Janjira,
vii. 140 ; repulsed from Junnar (1670),
vii. 264 ; gave leave to the English to
establish a factory at Kalyan (1674), vii.
347 ; seized Karnala hill fort (1670),
viii. 29 ; exacted ransom from English
factory at Karwar (1665), and spared
it (1674), viii. 54; repaired Kolaba
fort (1662), viii. 262; his rule in
Kolaba, viii. 263 ; took Kolhapur
(1659), viii. 2S1 ; took Nagothna, x.
161 ; built fort of Partabgarh (1656),



xi. 77 ; where he murdered Afzul
Khan (1659), xi. 77, 78; defeated
Shaista Khan at Poona (1663), xi.
212 ; had Poona restored to him by
Aurangzeb, xii. 212 ; surrendered
Purandhar (1665), but retook it (1670),
xi. 298 ; took Rairi (1648), which he
called Raigarh, where he was crowned
(1674) and died (1680), xi. 363,364;
plundered English factory at Rajapur
(1660, 1670), xi. 385 ; born at Shivner
(1627), xii. 410; took Kondhana,
which he called Sinhgarh (1647), xii.
543. 544 ; plundered Surat more than
once, xiii. 122; took Vengurla (1660),
and burnt it (1664), xiii. 470; his
buildings at Viziadrug, xiii. 499.
Sivakasi, town in Madras, xiii. 42.
Sivasamudram, island in the Kaveri river,

xiii. 42, 43.
Siva-worship, article ' India,' vi. 210-
215 ; twofold aspects of Siva and his
wife — their philosophical and their
terrible forms, 21 1, 212 ; human sacri-
fice, 212, 213; the Charak-puja or
swinging festival, 213 ; the thirteen
Sivaite sects, 213, 214 ; gradations of
Siva-worship, 214; secret orgies in
Siva- worship, 215 ; Siva and Vishnu
compared, 215. Local notices — Amra-
vati, i. 252 ; South Arcot, i. 322 ;
Bangalore, ii. 62 ; Benares, ii. 263 ;
Bhuvaneswar, ii. 417, 418; Bombay,
iii. 51 ; Coorg, iv. 34 ; Cuddapah, iv.
50 ; Cuttack, iv. 69 ; Jajpur, vii. 73 ;
Madras, ix. 21, 22 ; Mandhata, ix.
293-296 ; Orissa, x. 434 ; Puri, xi.
311 ; Tarakeswar, xiii. 211, 212.
Siwalik Hills, offshoot of the Himalayas,
xiii. 43, 44; geology of, vi. 632,
633.
Siwan, village in N.-W. Provinces, xiii.

44.
Siyali, town and taluk in Madras. See

Shiyali.
Siyana, ancient town in N.-W. Provinces,

xiii. 44, 45.
Skardo, town in Kashmir. See Iskardo.
Skefsrud, Rev. L. O., head of the Santal
Home Mission, established nine Santal
Christian villages in Assam (1S80-
83), xii. 230.
Skinner, Col. James, defeated Amir
Khan near Afzalgarh (1803), ii. 430;
his estate at Bilaspur, ii. 454 ; built
church at Delhi, iv. 188 ; had estate of
67 villages in Hissar, v. 431 ; defeated
Mahdu Rao of Malagarh, and took
his fort, ix. 235 ; occupied Sikandar-
abad after the battle of Aligarh, xii.
478. .

Skinner, Thomas, defended his fort at
Bilaspur during the Mutiny, ii. 454.



INDEX.



107



Sladen, Col. E. B., head of expedition
to Bhamo and Momein (1867), iii. 227,
228.

Slate, article c India,' vi. 628. Local
notices — Found in Alwar, i. 203 ; Ara-
valli Hills, i. 307 ; Bombay, iii. 44;
Chamba, iii. 329 ; Chitaldrug, iii.
423; Cuddapah, iv. 48; Darjiling, iv.
130; Dharwar, iv. 258; Raladgi, vii.
315 ; Rangra, vii. 413; Khatak Hills,
viii. 181 ; Kiilu, viii. Z31 '■> Kumaun,
viii. 349; Manipur, ix. 324 ; Monghyr,
ix. 480, 487; Mysore, x. 92; Naga Hills,
x. 143; Nallamalai Hills, x. 185;
Nepal, x. 278 ; Nicobar Islands, x.
295 ; Patiala, xi. 87 ; Pur, xi. 296 ;
Raipur, xi. 367 ; Sandur, xii. 206, 207;
Shahabad, xii. 324; Singhbhum, xii.
531; Sirmur, xii. 553, 554; Sirohi,
xiii. 2; Tavoy, xiii. 228; Udaipur,
xiii. 401 ; Wun, xiii. 538.

Slave kings. The (1206-90), article
' India,' vi. 278-280 ; Kutab-ud-din,

278 ; Altamsh, the greatest of the
Slave kings, 279 ; the Empress Raziya,

279 ; Mughal inroads and Rajput
revolts, 279, 280 ; Balban, his cruelties
and royal pensioners, 280.

Slavery and serfdom, article 'India,' vi.

49-

Slavery and slave-dealing, in Afghanistan,
i. 40 ; Afghan-Turkistan, i. 55 ; Balu-
chistan, ii. 38 ; Chitral, hi. 432 ;
Cutch, iv. 62 ; in the Hindu Rush, v.
419 ; Kafiristan, vii. 291 ; among the
Rarens, viii. 4.

Sleeman, Col. Sir W. H., quoted, on
Bhagwant Singh, an Oudh bandit,
i. 384, ii. 109 ; on the state of Hardoi
in 1849, v. 324 ; captured many thags
at Hingoli (1833), v. 422; quoted, on
the legend of Misrikh, ix. 466, 467 ;
his administration of Narsinghpur, x.
219 ; Resident at Lucknovv, quoted, on
state of Oudh (1849, 1850), x. 49 1 -494 ;
on the riots at Shahabad in 1850, xii.

335, 336-

Slow progress of Muhammadans m India,
Hindu resistance and internal revolts,
reconquest of India from the Musal-
mans, article 'India,' vi. 269, 270.

Smag, ancestor of Raos of Pol, expelled
the Roll chief of Edar, which his family
held for twelve generations, iv. 337.

Small-pox, especially prevalent in Ah-
madnagar, i. 107 ; Ambala, i. 224;
Anantapur, i. 279 ; North Arcot, i.
319; Assam, i. 373; Bakarganj, i.
449 ; Bangalore, ii. 65 ; Bankura, ii.
86; Bara Banki, ii. 114; Bassein, ii.
201 ; Bastar, ii. 207, 208 ; Bhagalpur,
ii. 351 ; Bhanclara, ii. 367 ; Bijnaur,
ii. 435 ; Bilaspur, ii. 453 ; Bombay



Presidency, iii. 72 ; Bulandshahr, iii.
140 ; Lower Burma, iii. 208 ; Cachar,
iii. 239; Champaran, iii. 344; Chanda,
iii. 355 ; Chengalpat, iii. 308 ; Cochin,
iv. 10 ; Coorg, iv. 42 ; Cutch, iv. 64 ;
Cuttack, iv. 74 ; Dacca, iv. 89 ; Damon,
iv. 113; Darrang, iv. 150; Delhi,
iv. 185; Dera Ismail Rhan, iv. 226;
Dinajpur, iv. 297 ; Ellichpur, iv. 347 ;
Etah, iv. 366 ; Etawah, iv. 377 ;
Faizabad, iv. 387 ; kirozpur, iv. 446 ;
Gaya, v. 52; Goalpara, v. 120; Goda-
vari, v. 130; Gujranwala, v. 186;
Gujrat, v. 195 ; Gurgaon, v. 223 ;
Hardoi, v. 328 ; Hazara, v. 368 ;
Jaisalmer, vii. 66 ; Jalalabad, vii. 75 ;
Jalandhar, vii. 90; Jhang, vii. 212;
Jhanjhana, vii. 214; jhansi, vii. 225;
Jodhpur, vii. 240 ; Ramrup, vii. 365 ;
North Ranara, vii. 374; South Ranara,
vii. 384 ; Rarachi, vii. 460 ; Rarnal,
viii. 27 ; Rashmir, viii. 76 ; Rhasi
Plills, viii. 180; Rohat, viii. 249;
Rolhapur, viii. 285 ; Laccadive Islands,
viii. 396; Lucknow, viii. 501 ; Madras
Presidency, ix. 79, 80, city, ix. 119;
Maimansingh, ix. 201 ; Mainpuri, ix.
211 ; Malabar, ix. 235 ; Maldah, ix.
248 ; Manbhiim, ix. 286 ; Mandla, ix.

307 ; Meerut, ix. 391 ; Mergui, ix.

411; Midnapur, ix. 432,433; Miraj,

ix. 440 ; Montgomery, ix. 501 ; Mu-

zaffarnagar, x. 76 ; Nadiya, x. 140 ;

Nagpur, x. 172 ; Narsinghpur, x. 223 ;

Nellore, x. 271 ; Noakhali, x. 352 ;

N.-W. Provinces, x. 404 ; Nowgong,

x. 415 ; Orissa, x. 468 ; Oudh, x. 510 ;

Partabgarh, xi. 74 ; Patna, xi. 105 ;

Pilibhit, xi. 178; Punjab, xi. 292;

Rai Bareli, xi. 359 ; Raipur, xi. 376 ;

Rajputana, xi. 424 ; Rajshahi, xi. 438 ;

Rohtak, xii. 76 ; Saharanpur, xii. 123 ;

Sambalpur, xii. 186; Sangli, xii. 218;

Santal Parganas, xii. 236 ; Saran, xii.

258, 259 ; Shahabad, xii. 333 ; Sialkot,

xii. 449 ; Sibsagar, xii. 471 ; Sind, xii.

525 ; Singhbhum, xii. 540 ; Sirsa, xiii.

19 ; Sitapur, xiii. 37 ; Sultanpur, xiii.

103 ; Surat, xiii. 131 ; Sylhet, xiii.

156; Tanjore, xiii. 194; Thar and

Parkar, xiii. 271 ; Unao, xiii. 435 ;

Virpur, xiii. 479 ; Vizagapatam, xiii.

496 ; Wun, xiii. 546.
Smarta Brahmans of Southern India,

article ' India,' vi. 209, 210. See

also Brahmans.
Smith, Colonel Baird, Calcutta Journal

of Natural History, quoted, article

'India,' vi. 27.
Smith, Charles, acting Governor of

Madras (17S0), ix. 67.
Smith, Gen. Sir Harry, defeated the

Sikhs at Aliwal (1846), i. 182.



INDEX.



Smith, Colonel Joseph, took Ramnad
(1772), xi. 451 ; Sivaganga (i77 2 >»
xiii. 41 ; and Tanjore(i773), xiii. 194 ;
defeated Haidar All and the Nizam at
Tiruvannamalai (1767), xiii. 329 ; took
Vallam Vadakusetti (1761), xiii. 462.

Smith, Gen. Sir Lionel, extirpated the
pirates of Malwan (1812), ix. 273;
fought action with the Peshwa's horse
at Pandharpur (1817), xi. 37.

Smith, Mr., his scheme for improving
Fort St. George at Madras (1740), ix.
107.

Smith, Capt. Stephen, took Gingi (1761),
v. 84.

Smyth, R. Brough, quoted, on the gold-
mines of the Wainad, xiii. 511, 512.

Snake-bite and wild beasts, Mortality
from, in Akola, i. 146 ; Amraoti, i.
250; South Arcot, i. 328; Assam, i.
349 ; Bangalore, ii. 65 ; Bhandara, ii.
361 ; Bombay Presidency, hi. 73 ;
Buldana, iii. 148 ; Chitaldrug, iii. 428 ;
Coimbatore, iv. 15 ; Damoh, iv. 113;
Goalpara, v. 112; Hamirpur, v. 30 5;
Hassan, v. 351 ; Kadur, vii. 278 ;
Kamrup, vii. 356 ; South Kanara, vii.
377 ; Karnul, viii. 35 ; Kolar, viii.
27S ; Lalitpur, viii. 447, 457 ; Madras
Presidency, ix. 80 ; Mandla, ix. 301 ;
Mysore District, x. 122; Nadiya, x.
130; Nellore, x. 262; N.-W. Pro-
vinces, x. 404 ; Nowgong. x. 407-
415 ; Oudh, x. 510 ; Shimoga, xii. 405,
406; Surat, xiii. 131 ; Wun, xiii. 546.

Snakes, Venomous, article ' India,' vi.
660. Local notices — Common in
Banda, ii. 47 ; Bankura, ii. 79 ; Bard-
wan, ii. 127 ; Bhandara, ii. 361 ;
Bombay Presidency, iii. 46 ; Cochin,
iv. 2; Coimbatore, iv. 15; Darb-
hangah, iv. 123; Etawah, iv. 370;
Gwalior, v. 229 ; Hill Tipperah, v.
395 ; Indore, vii. 2 ; Jaunpur, vii.
151; Jerruck, vii. 180; Kadur, vii.
283 ; Kaira, vii. 300 ; Karachi, vii.
445 ; Karauli, vii. 472 ; Karnul, viii.
36 ; Khairpur, viii. 134 ; Kheri, viii.
191 ; Kistna, viii. 226 ; Kumaun,
viii. 350 ; Madras Presidency, ix. 95,
96 ; Manipur, ix. 326 ; Montgomery,
ix. 495 ; Nadiya, x. 130 ; Nellore, x.
262 ; Oudh, x. 483 ; Punjab, xi. 259 ;
Ratnagiri, xii. 4 ; Saran, xii. 252 ;
Shahpur, xii. 361 ; Sind, xii. 507 ;
Singhbhum, xii. 532 ; the Sundarbans,
xiii. 109 ; Tando Muhammad Khan,
xiii. 177; Wardha, xiii. 524.

Snuff, manufactured at Alipur (Punjab),
i. 180; Hazro, v. 381 ; Jodhpur, vii.
239 ; Muzaffargarh, x. 63" ; Peshawar,
xi. 164 ; Rawal Pindi, xii. 38 ; Saoner,
xii. 248 ; Sihor, xii. 476.



Soane, river and canal in Bengal. See
Son.

Soap, manufactured at Ahmadabad, i.
87 ; Ankleswar, i. 293 ; Bhera, ii.
386 ; Edar, iv. 337 ; Kaira, vii. 306 ;
Kangra, vii. 426 ; Kapadwanj, vii.
439 ; Maghiana, ix. 140 ; Monghyr,
ix. 487; Moro, ix. 517; Nadaun, x.
128 ; Naushahro, x. 244; Parantij, xi.
56 ; Pindigheb, xi. 184 ; Rawal Pindi,
xii. 38 ; Wadhwan, xiii. 506.

Soapstone, found in Bassein, ii. 194 ;
Chittur, iii. 454 ; Henzada, v. 384 ;
Jambulghata, vii. 121 ; Lohardaga,
viii. 476 ; Singhbhum, xii. 531 ; Wun,
xiii. 539.

Soapstone articles, ornaments, etc., made
at Bankura, ii. 85 ; Hamirpur, v.
304 ; Jambulghata, vii. 121 ; Singh-
bhum, xii. 539.

Sobhapur, town in Central Provinces,
xiii. 45.

Sobnali, river in Bengal, xiii. 45.

Sobraon, village and battle-field in
Punjab, xiii. 45 ; battle of, article
' India,' v. 411.

Society for the Propagation of the Gospel
in Foreign Parts. See Protestant mis-
sions.

Soda Rajputs, in Thar and Parkar, xiii.
466.

Sodhis, sacred family, descended from
Ram Das, fourth SikhgUni in Hoshiar-
pur, v. 454.

Soentha Kalan, village in N.-W. Pro-
vinces, xiii. 45.

Sohag, Upper, canal in Punjab, xiii. 45,

Sohagpur, tahsil in Central Provinces,
xiii. 46.

Sohagpur, town in Central Provinces,
xiii. 47.

Sohan, river in Punjab, xiii. 47.

Sohawal, Native State in Central India,
xiii. 47, 48.

Sohawal, capital of Sohawal State, xiii.
48.

Sohildeo, Jain king of Gonda, extermin-
ated army of Sayyid Salar Masaud, v.

147.
Sohi-ong, petty State in the Khasi Hills,

xiii. 48.
Soh-rah and Soh-rah-punji, petty State

and village in the Khasi Hills. See

Cherra and Cherra-Punji.
Sohna, town and sulphur spring in

Punjab, xiii. 48, 49.
Sohwal, village in N.-W. Provinces, xiii.

49-
Soil, Varieties of, in Ahmadabad, i. 88,

89 ; Aligarh, i. 168 ; Allahabad, i.

184, 185 ; Assam, i. 347, 362; Azam-

garh, i. 397 ; Baluchistan, ii. 36 ;



IXDEX.



3°9



Bangalore, ii. 60; Baroda, ii. 158;

Basti, ii. 209, 210 ; Belgaum, ii. 234 ;

Bellary, ii. 245 ; Bengal, ii. 273 ;

Bogra, iii. 25 ; Bombay, iii. 40, 41 ;

Broach, iii. 102 ; Budaun, iii. 120 ;

Chengalpat, iii. 385 ; Dharwar. iv.

258; Dinajpur, iv. 290; Ilaidarabad

State, v. 244 ; Jodhpur, vii. 238 ;

Kolaba, viii. 266 ; Madras, ix. 4, 5,

27 ; Maimansingh, ix. 191 ; Nasik, x.

231, 232; Poona, xi. 207; Rewa, xii.

46 ; Satara, xii. 276 ; Shahabad, xii.

330 ; Sholapur, xii. 414 ; Tanjore,

xiii. 181 ; Unao, xiii. 431.
Sojitra, town in Baroda, xiii. 49.
Solan, cantonment and hill sanitarium in

the Punjab, xiii. 49.
Solani, river in N.-W. Provinces, xiii. 49.
Solavandan, town in Madras. See

Sholavandan.
Soligars, aboriginal tribe in Mysore, x. 99.
Solomon's Ophir, identified with Sopara,

xiii. 65.
Solyman the Magnificent, took Aden

(1588), i. 16.
Somalis, Africans, do all the manual

labour at Aden, i. 17.
Soma-male, mountain in Coorg, xiii. 49.
Somwarpet, town in Coorg, xiii. 49.
Somastipur, village in Bengal, xiii. 50.
Someswari, river in Assam. See Sames-

wari.
Somna, village in N.-W. Provinces, xiii.

5°- , , ,

Somnath, ancient town in Kathiawar,

xiii. 50, 51 ; sack of, by Mahmud of
Ghazni (1024), article 'India,' vi.
293, 294 ; the Somnath proclamation
and recovery of the so-called gates by
Lord Ellenborough, vi. 409.

Somnathpur, village in Mysore, xiii. 51.

Sompet, taluk and estate in Madras,
xiii. 51.

Sompet, town in Madras, xiii. 51, 52.

Somsa Parwat, peak in Madras, xiii. 52.

Son (Soane or Sone), great river of
Central India, xiii. 52-54.

Son Canals, xiii. 54-57 ; Dehri head-
works, 54 ; the anicut, 54, 55 ;
Western Main, Arrah, and Baxar
Canals, 55 ; Eastern Main and Patna
Canals, 56 ; financial aspects, 56, 57;
article ' India,' vi. 534, 535.

Sonagaon, village in Central Provinces,
xiii. 57.

Sonah, town in Punjab. See Sohna.

Sonai, town in Bombay, xiii. 57.

Sonai, town in N.-W. Provinces, xiii. 57.

Sonai, navigable channel in Assam, xiii.

57-
Sonai, hill stream in Assam, xiii. 57.
Sonair, town in Central Provinces. See

Saoner.



Sonakhan, estate in Central Provinces,

xiii. 57, 58.
Sonala, town in Berar, xiii. 58.
Sonamganj, village and Sub-division in

Assam, xiii. 58.
Sonamukhi, village in Bengal, xiii. 58.
Sonapur, village in Assam, xiii. 58.
Sonapur, village in Madras, xiii. 58.
Sonargaon, ancient Muhammadan capital

of Bengal, xiii. 59.
Sonbarsa, village in N.-W. Provinces,

xiii. 59.
Sonbarsa, town in Bengal, xiii. 59.
Sonda, town in Bombay, xiii. 59, 60.
Sondhias, curious caste in jhalawar, vii.

201, 202.
Sonepat, town and tahsil in Punjab. See

Sonpat.
Songarh, village and fort in Baroda, xiii.

60.
Songarh, petty State in Kathiawar, xiii.

60.
Songir, town in Bombay, xiii. 60, 61.
Sonkh, town in N.-W. Provinces, xiii. 61.
Sonmiani, town and harbour in Baluchi-
stan, xiii. 61.
Sonpat, tahsil in Punjab, xiii. 61, 62.
Sonpat, town in Punjab, xiii. 62, 63.
Sonpur, village, fair, and racecourse in

Bengal, xiii. 63.
Sonpur, Native State in Central Provinces,

xiii. 63, 64.
Sonpur, estate in Central Provinces, xiii.

Sonpur Binka, town in Sonpur Native

State, xiii. 64.
Sonpur Manda, village in Sonpur Native

State, xiii. 64.
Sonsari, State in the Central Provinces,

xiii. 64.
Sonwani, village in N.-W. Provinces,

xiii. 64.
Sooree, town and Sub-division in Bengal.

See Suri.
Sopara, ancient town in Bombay, xiii. 65.
Sopheites, contemporary with Alexander

the Great, had his capital at Bhera, ii.

386.
Sorab, taluk in Mysore, xiii. 65.
Sorab, village in Mysore, xiii. 65, 66.
Soraon, tahsil and village in N.-W.

Provinces, xiii. 66.
Sorashtra (Sorath), old name of Kathia-
war, xiii. 66.
Sorath, prant or division of Kathiawar,

xiii. 66, 67.
Soron, town and place of pilgrimage in

N.-W. Provinces, xiii. 67.
Sounth, Native State in Rewa Kantha.

See Sunth.
Southey, Capt. , Superintendent of Negrais

factory, murdered by the Burmese

(1759), ii. 195.



3 io



INDEX.



South Kanara, District in Madras. See
Kanara, South.

South Maratha Jagirs, The, group of
Native States in Bombay, xiii. 68.

South- Western Frontier Agency, name
formerly given to the Chutia Nagpur
Tributary States, Bengal, xiii. 68.

Souza, Sir Miguel de, his report on
Ahmadabad, quoted, i. 84.

Spectacles, made at Vallam Vadakusetti,
xiii. 462.

Spices, Cultivation of, article ' India,' vi.
490, 491. Local notices — North Arcot,
i. 16; Bengal, ii. 271 ; Bombay, iii.
53 ; Cawnpur, iii. 285 ; Coimbatore,
iv. 18 ; Ganjam, v. 6 ; Godavari, v.



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