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127 ; Karmil, viii. 38 ; Kistna, viii.
230 ; Lucknow, viii. 498 ; Madras, ix.
30 ; Madura, ix. 129 ; Malabar, ix.
229, 230 ; Salem, xii. 161 ; Tanjore,
xiii. 188 ; Tinnevelli, xiii. 306 ; Viza-
gapatam, xiii. 493. See also Betel-
leaf, Chillies, Ginger, Pepper, and
Turmeric.

Spiers, Col., in charge of Sirohi, got
leave for the Maharana of Udaipur to
go to the temples of Mount Abu, xiii.

3>.4-

' Spirit Fire,' a peculiar phenomenon in
Thayet-myo, xiii. 278.

Spirits manufactured from the malmd,
arrack, toddy, etc., distilled in South
Arcot, i. 326; Aurangabad, i. 386;
Badnur, i. 409, 410; Basti, ii. 212;
Diingarpur, iv. 323 ; Ettiapuram, iv.
380 ; Aska in Ganjam, v. 7, 8 ;
Haidarabad State, v. 247 ; Haidarabad
(Sind), v. 284; Howrah, v. 465;
Kadur, vii. 287 ; Karanja, vii. 466 ;
Kishenganj, viii. 224 ; Madras, ix. 58,
59; Mirpur Batoro, ix. 451 ; Mohnar,
ix. 476 ; Mora, ix. 503 ; Muhamdi,
ix. 530 ; Nepal, x. 284 ; Nosari, x.
405 ; Palmaner, xi. 15 ; Rosa, near
Shahjahanpur, xii. 353 ; Albion, Sib-
pur, xii. 458; Siralkoppa, xii. 551;
Tando Lukman, xiii. 177 ; Thana, xiii.
257 ; Uran, xiii. 450.

Spiti, Sub-division in the Punjab, xiii.
68-73 ; physical aspects, 68, 69 ; his-
tory, 69, 70 ; population, 70 - 73 ;
Buddhist monasteries and monks, 70-
72 ; agriculture and commerce, 73 ;
administration, J^.

Spiti, river in the Punjab, xiii. 73, 74.

Spotted deer, article ' India,' vi. 658.
Local notices — Mount Abu, i. 6 ; Basti,
ii. 209 ; Buldana, iii. 143 ; Dehra Dun,
iv. 169 ; Dharwar, iv. 259 ; Hardoi, v.
322 ; Karnul, viii. 35 ; Khandesh, viii.
150; Kheri, viii. 190; Kistna, viii.
226 ; Kotah, viii. 304 ; Lalitpur, viii.
447 ; Lohardaga, viii. 477 ; Madras



Presidency, ix. 90 ; Malabar, ix. 220 ;
Mirzapur, ix. 453 ; Monghyr, ix. 481 ;
Moradabad, ix. 505; Mysore, x. 115 ;
Nallamalai Hills, x. 185 ; Nasik, x.
228 ; Nellore, x. 262 ; Nimar, x. 328 ;
Palni Mountains, xi. 17 ; Raipur, xi.
368 ; Rewa Kantha, xii. 49 ; Shah-
jahanpur, xii. 344 ; Shimoga, xii. 400 ;
Sirohi, xiii. 2 ; Surat, xiii. 120 ; the
Sundarbans, xiii. 389 ; Wardha, xiii.
524 ; Wun, xiii. 539.

Springs, Hot and Mineral, at Unabdev
near Adavad, i. 13 ; in Amherst, i.
235 ; on the Attaran, i. 381 ; on the
Bakeswar, i. 449 ; Banasa, ii. 45 ;
Unai in Bansda, ii. 99 ; Bhimbandh,
ii. 396 ; Bhum Bakeswar, ii. 409 ; iii.
2 ; in Bilu-gywon, ii. 460 ; Birbhum,
iii. 2 ; Chaitanpur, iii. 325 ; Anoni in
Chhindwara, iii. 398 ; in Chittagong,
iii. 435 ; Gurgaon, v. 216 ; Hazari-
bagh, v. 370 ; at source of the Indus,
vii. 11 ; Islamabad, vii. 26; Jamnotri,
vii. 132 ; Jawalamukhi, vii. 162 ;
Bhotwa in Jhinjhuwara, vii. 230 ;
Lasundra in Kaira, vii. 300 ; Kangra,
vii. 413 ; Pir Mangho in Karachi, vii.
445; in Karnul, viii, 34; Kashmir, viii.
67 ; at Sumir in the Khasi Hills, viii.
174; Khed, viii. 186; in Kolaba, viii.
261; Kulu, viii. 338, 339; Lakhimpur,
viii. 428 ; the Lakhi Mountains, viii.
424, 425 ; Magar Talao, ix. 138,
139 ; Deori on the Little Mahanadi,
ix. 164 ; Malnipahar, ix. 263 ; in
Mergui, ix. 407 ; in the Naga Hills, x.
143, xii. 460 ; the Nallamalai Hills, x.
186 ; at Nambar, x. 18S ; near Godhra
in the Panch Mahals, xi. 29 ; in the
Rajagriha Hills, xi. 93, 380 ; Ratnagiri,
xii. 5 ; Rishikund, xii. 57 ; Salbaldi,
xii. 150; Sandoway river, xii. 205;
Santal Parganas, xii. 227 ; Talapani
in Sarguja, xii. 267 ; in Sehwan, xii.
304 ; Sind, xii. 504 ; Sohna, xiii. 48,
49 ; Tavoy, xiii. 228 ; Thayet-myo,
xiii. 278 ; Trikota, xiii. 365.

Sravan Belgola, temples in Mysore. See.
Shravan-belgola.

Sravasti, ruins in Oudh. See Sahet Mahet.

Sridhar, Marathi poet of the 16th century,
and compiler of the Marathi paraphrase
of the Sanskrit Puranas, article 'India,'
vi. 346.

Srigonda, town and Sub-division in Bom-
bay, xiii. 74.

Srigovindpur, town in Punjab, xiii. 74, 75.

Sriharikot, jungle sea - coast tract in
Madras, xiii. 75.

Srikakulam, town in Madras. See
Chicacole.

Sri Kalastri, town in Madras. See
Kalahasti.



INDEX.



Srikanta, mountain peak in Garhwal, xiii.

75-
Srikundapuram, village in Madras, xiii.

75-

Sri Madhopur,to\vn in Rajputana, xiii. 75.
Srimanta Sadagar, famous Bengali poem

of the 16th century, by Makunda Ram,

article ' India,' vi. 351.
Srinagar, capital of Kashmir, xiii. 75-77.
Srinagar, town in Central Provinces, xiii.

77-
Srinagar, pargand in Oudh, xiii. 77.
Srinagar, ta/istl in N.-W. Provinces, xiii.

77-78.
Srinagar, village in Garhwal District,

N.-W. Provinces, xiii. 78.
Srinagar, decayed town in Hamirpur

District, N.-W. Provinces, xiii. 78.
Srinagar, village in Pallia District, N.-W.

Provinces, xiii. 78.
Sringeri, sacred village in Mysore, xiii.

78, 79-
Srinivaspur, village and tdluk in Mysore,

xiii. 79.
Sriperambudur, town in Madras, xiii. 79-

80.
Srirampur, town and Sub-division in

Bengal. See Serampur.
Srirangam, town and temple in Madras,

xiii. 80-82.
Srirangapatnam, town in Mysore. See

Seringapatam.
Sri Ranga Raya, palcgar of Chengalpat
and Chandragiri, granted site of Fort
St. George to the East India Company
(1639), iii. 382.
Srirangavarapukot, town, tdluk, and

estate in Madras, xiii. 82.
Sri-surjya-pahar, isolated hill in Assam,

xiii. 82.
Srivaikuntham, town in Madras, xiii. 82.
Srivaikuntham, anicut in Madras. See

Tambraparni river.
Srivillipatur, town and tdluk in Madras,

xiii. 82, 83.
Sriwardhan, town in Janjira State, Bom-
bay, xiii. 83.
Srughna, ruined town and capital. See

Sugh.
Srungavarapukota, town, tdluk, and
estate in Madras. See Srirangavapukot.
Stacey, Col., commanded division at the

battle of Kandahar, vii. 394.
Stalactites, at Ganeswari, iv. 464 ; Gup-

tasar, v. 205.
Stamp revenue, article ' India,' vi. 467.
Stanton, Capt., defeated the Marathas at

Korigaum (181S), viii. 298, 299.
State railway system, article ' India,' vi.

547, 548. See also Railways.
States, Native. See Native States.
Statistical Survey of Bengal, Completion
of, vi. 433.



Statues, of the Queen at Bombay, iii. 79;
Outram at Calcutta, iii. 250 ; Warren
Hastings, Cornwallis, and Ramanath
Tagore at Calcutta, iii. 251 ; Lord
Cornwallis at Ghazipur, v. 71 ;
Alfonso de Albuquerque at Goa, v.
109 ; Munro, Cornwallis, and Neill
at Madras, ix. 106 ; Dupleix at
Pondicherri, xi. 199 ; Gomeswara at
Shravan-belgola, xii. 425 ; Jain at
Yenur, xiii. 555.
Steam cotton mills, Ahmadabad, i. 87,
96 ; Amraoti, i. 251 ; Badnera, i. 409;
Bengal, ii. 310; Bhaunagar, ii. 382;
Bombay, iii. 60, 61, 81 ; Cawnpur, iii.
292 ; Hinganghat, v. 421 ; Indore, vii.
4> 9 5 Jalgaon, vii. 104 ; in Kaira, vii.
306 ; in Khandesh, viii. 157 ; Kurla,
viii. 372 ; Nariad, x. 212 ; Nazira, x.
257 ; Sholapur, xii. 418, 421 ; Surat,
xiii. 129 ; in Thana, xiii. 257 ; in
Wardha, xiii. 527.
Steam mills. See Flour, Jute, Rice-husk-
ing, Saw-mills, and Steam cotton mills.
Steatite, found in Karnul, viii. 24.
Steel, Mr. Arthur, Law and Custom of
Hindu Castes, quoted, article ' India,'
vi. 195 (footnote).
Stephens, Thomas, the first authentic
English traveller in India, and rector
of the Jesuit College at Salsette (1579),
article ' India, vi. 363, 364.
Stevenson, David, Canal and River
Engineering, quoted, article 'India,'
vi. 23.
Stevenson, General, stormed Gawilgarh
(1803), v. 43; occupied Jalna (1803),
vii. 106.
Stewart, History of Bengal, quoted, on

Tandan, xiii. 179.
Stewart, Gen. Sir D. M., visited Ghazni
(18S0), and fought action at Arzu, v.
73 ; relieved General Roberts at Kabul
(Aug. 1880), vii. 274, 275 ; took
Kandahar (1879), and marched on
Kabul (1880), vii. 395.
Stokes, Mr. , his estimate of the popula-
tion of Shimoga in 1838, xii. 401.
Stoliczka, Count, on Western Tibet and
the geology of the Himalayas, v. 410.
Stolietoff, General, Russian envoy to

Kabul (1878), i. 52.
Stone cutting and carving, Bachired-
dipalem, i. 406 ; Bikaner, ii. 442 ;
Lower Burma, iii. 198 ; Chiniot, iii.
418 ; Dhrangadra, iv. 278 ; Diingar-
pur, iv. 322 ; Gaya, v. 50 ; Gwalior,
v. 227 ; Hathras, v. 355 ; Jaipur, vii.
53 ; Jaisalmer, vii. 69 ; Jodhpur, vii.
239 ; Mani Majra, ix. 322 ; Nellore,
x. 269 ; Phaltan, xi. 164 ; Wadhwan,
xiii. 506.
Stone monuments, pre-historic, Anamalai



3 I2



INDEX.



Hills, i. 271 ; Beypur, ii. 335 ; Coorg,

* v - 35> 36 ; Deogarh, iv. 202 ; Man-

gahpett, ix. 312; Namal, x. 187;

Nilgiri Hills, x. 303, 322, 323 ; Push-

pa-giri, xi. 335 ; Shevaroy Hills, xii.

383 ; Vinukonda, xiii. 476.
Storms, especially destructive or frequent

in Anantapur, i. 277, 278 ; South

Arcot, i. 325 ; Cuddapah, iv. 53 ;

Godavari, v. 130, 131 ; Kaira, vii.

304 ; Kolaba, viii. 268 ; Nellore, x.

268; Orissa, x. 463; Pabna, x. 519;

Tanjore, xiii. 194 ; Thayet-myo, xiii.

277 ; Vanaon, xiii. 548.
Storm-waves, Ravages of, in Bakarganj,

i. 446 ; Balasor, ii. 8 ; Coringa, iv.

43 ; Daulat Khan, iv. 160 ; Diamond

Harbour, iv. 284 ; Geonkhali, v. 54 ;

Hatia, v. 356 ; Kistna, viii. 232 ;

Masulipatam, ix. 355-357; in the

Meghna, ix. 395 ; Noakhali, x. 340,

344. 349>.35°; Orissa, x. 463; Sagar

Island, xii. no; Sandvvip Island, xii.

212 ; the Sundarbans, xiii. 112 ;

Yanaon, xiii. 548.
Storms, Dust, called bagalyas, frequent

in Kolaba, viii. 270.
Strabo, the geographer, his ' Saraostos '

probably Surashtra or Kathiawar, viii.

90 ; calls the people of Magadha,

Prasii, xi. 107 ; the question as to the

identification of his Mount ' Aornos,'

xi. 506 ; his ' Erannoboas ' probably

the Son, xiii. 53.
Strachey, Sir John, Lieut. -Governor of

N.-W. Provinces (1874-76), x. 370.
Strachey, General Richard, calculation

of the age of the Bengal delta, article

' India,' vi. 28 ; quoted, on the geology

of the Himalayas, v. 410.
Straits, Palk's, between S. India and

Ceylon, xi. n, 12.
Straits Settlements, India's trade with

the, article ' India,' vi. 577, 579, 580.
Stratton, George, Governor of Madras

(1776), ix. 67.
Strawberries, found or grown in Jabalpur,

vii. 33 ; Kangra, vii. 412 ; Kashmir,

viii. 71 ; Nilgiri Hills, ix. 86 ; Mysore,

x. 103 ; Shevaroy Hills, xii. 383.
Strettel, Mr., explorer, the European,

who has furthest traced the course of

the Irawadi, vii. 19.
' Strikes ' in Indian castes, article ' India,'

vi. 198.
Strover, Captain, first British Agent at

Bhamo (1869), iii. 228.
Stroyan, Mr., murdered at Sultanpur

(1857), xiii. 98.
Strychnine, found in Nellore, x. 268.
Stuart, Gen. Sir Charles, his operations

at Dhai(i857), iv. 248.
Stuart, Gen. James, failed to re-take Fort



St. David from the French (1783), iv.

162; took Palghat (1790), x. 543.
Stupas or topes, Buddhist, Remains of,

at Gudiwara, v. 177 ; Taggayetpet, vii.

42 ; Manikiala, ix. 319, 320. See also

Buddhist antiquities and Asoka.
Su, a Tartar tribe, their overthrow of

the Greek settlements in Bactria, vi.

175.

Subalgarh, village and ruined fort in

N.-W. Provinces, xiii. 83.
Subankhali, market village in Bengal,

xiii. 83.
Subansiri, river in Assam, xiii. 83, 84.
Subara, petty Bhil State in Bombay.

See Dang States.
Subargum, hill in Bengal, xiii. 84.
Subarnarekha, river in Bengal, xiii. 84,

85.
Subarnarekha, port in Orissa, xiii. 85.
Subathu, cantonment and hill sanitarium

in Punjab, xiii. 85.
Subeha, pargand in Oudh, xiii. 85, 86.
Subeha, town in Oudh, xiii. 86.
Subrahmanya, hill and fair in Coorg.

See Pushpagiri.
Subterranean watercourses, at Bhareng,
, "• 370.
Subuktigin, first Turki invader of India

(977 )> article ' India,' vi. 272. See

Sabuktigin.
Suchin, State in Bombay. See Sachin.
Sudamanpur, village in Oudh, xiii. 86.
Sudamra Dhandhulpur, petty State in

Kathiawar, xiii. 86, 87.
Sudasna, Native State in Mahi Kantha,

xiii. 87.
Sudasna, capital of Sudasna State, xiii.

87.
Sudhanwan's alleged persecution of the

Buddhists, article ' India,' vi. 191 and

footnotes.
Sudharam, head- quarters of Noakhali

District, Bengal, xiii. 8j.
Sudras, the servile caste of ancient India,

article ' India,' vi. 90, 91.
Suez Canal, trade with India via, article

' India,' vi. 564, 565, 581.
Sufed Koh, mountain range in Afghan-
istan. See Safed Koh.
Suffren, the Bailli de, his naval battles

(1782), iv. 453.
Sugalis, wandering tribe in North Arcot,

i. 315 ; Cuddapah, iv. 51.
Sugar-cane, Cultivation of, article ' India,'

vi. 491. Local notices — Afghanistan,

i. 38 ; Agra, i. 64 ; Ahmadnagar, i.

103 ; Akalkot, i. 137 ; Allahabad, i.

189 ; Alwar, i. 205 ; Ambala, i. 220 ;

Amherst, i. 239 ; Amjhera, i. 244 ;

Amritsar, i. 260; Anantapur, i. 277;

Andaman Islands, i. 2S6; North Arcot,

i. 316; Assam, i. 362; Azamgarh, i.



INDEX.



3*3



398 ; Bakarganj, i. 445 ; Balasinor, i.

460; Ballia, ii. 21; Bamra, ii. 42;

Bankura, ii. 83 ; Bannu, ii. 94 ;

Bantwa, ii. 103 ; Bara Banki, ii. 110 ;

Bardwan, ii. 130 ; Bareilly, ii. 142;

Baroda, ii. 164 ; Bastar, ii. 206 ;

Bellary, ii. 245 ; Benares, ii. 258 ;

Bhandara, ii. 364 ; Bijnaur, ii. 432 ;

Bilaspur, ii. 450 ; Birbhum, iii. 5 ;

Bogra, iii. 29 ; Bombay, iii. 53, 54 ;

Budaun, iii. 120 ; Bundi, iii. 159 ;

Lower Burma, iii. 189, 190 ; Upper

Burma, iii. 210; Cachar, iii. 236;

Cawnpur, iii. 285 ; Central India,

iii. 295 ; Champaran, iii. 341 ; Chanda,

iii. 352, 353 ; Chandrapur, iii. 365 ;

Chhindwara, iii. 401 ; Chittagong, iii.

439 ; Cochin, iv. 5 ; Cuddapah, iv.

52; Cuttack, iv. 71; Dacca, iv. 85;

Danta, iv. 118; Darjiling, iv. 134;

Delhi, iv. 182; Dhar, iv. 246; Dhar-

ampur, iv. 249 ; Dhrol, iv. 279 ;

Dinajpur, iv. 294; Dungarpur, iv.

323 ; Edar, iv. 337 ; Etah, iv. 362 ;

Etavvah, iv. 367, 374 ; Faizabad, iv.

384 ; Faridpur, iv. 403 ; Farukhabad,

iv. 413 ; Gangpur, iv. 478 ; Ganjam,

v. 6; Gaya, v. 49; Godavari, v. 127,
128; Goona, v. 159; Gujranwala, v.
184; Gujrat, v. 193; Gurdaspur, v.
211; Gwalior, v. 228; Haidarabad,
v. 245 ; Haidarabad (Oudh), v. 289 ;
Hardoi, v. 326 ; Hassan, v. 349 ;
Hoshiarpur, v. 455 ; Hugh, v. 494 ;
Indore, vii. 2 ; Jaipur, vii. 52 ; Jalan-
dhar, vii. 88 ; Jaunpur, vii. 156 ;
lessor, vii. 187 ; Jhabua, vii. 195 ;
Jodhpur, vii. 238 ; Junagarh, vii. 262 ;
Kalsia, vii. 344 ; Kalwan, vii. ^ 345 ;
North Kanara, vii. 372; South Kanara,
vii. 380 ; Kangra, vii. 424 ; Kapur-
thala, vii. 443 ; Karachi, vii.^ 448 ;
Karanja (C. P.), vii. 468 ; Karnal, viii.
24 ; Karond, viii. 46 ; Kathiawar, viii.
96; Khasi Hills, viii. 177; Kheri,
viii. 193, 195 ; Khulna, viii. 207 ;
Kolabira, viii. 271 ; Kolar, viii. 276 ;
Kolhapur, viii. 281 ; Kumaun, viii. 354 ;
Kunhiar, viii. 365 ; Kyauk-pyu, viii.
387 ; Lakhimpur, viii. 433 ; Lalitpur,
viii. 453 : Larkhana, viii. 463 ; Lathi,
viii. 467 ; Ludhiana, viii. 522 ; Madras,
ix. 28, 30; Mahul, ix. 186 ; Mainpuri,
ix. 208 ; Maler Kotla, ix. 255; Malia,
ix. 256 ; Western Malwa, ix. 269 ;
Manbhum, ix. 2S3 ; Mandla, ix. 304 ;
Meerut, ix. 387 ; Mehar, ix. 397 ;
Mergui, ix. 409 ; Midnapur, ix. 429 ;
Miraj, ix. 440; Moradabad, ix. 509;
Moroi, ix. 519; Miiltan, x. 7, 8; Muzaf-
fargarh, x. 61 ; Muzaffarnagar, x. 72 ;
Mysore, x. 100, 102 ; Nabha, x. 126 ;
Nadiya, x. 135; Nagina, x. 159;



Narsinghpur, x. 221 ; Nasik, x. 232;
Nepal, x. 276, 277 ; N.-W. Pro-
vinces, x. 377; Nowgong, x. 411;
Orissa, x. 459 ; Oudh, x. 501 ; Pabna,
x. 516; Palanpur Agency, x. 537;

Palanpur, x. 539; Palitana, xi. 3;

Palkhera, xi. 10 ; Panagur, xi. 24 ;

Pandaria, xi. 35; Pandu Mehwas, xi.

39; Partabgarh, xi. 71; Pataudi, xi.

85; Patna District, xi. 101, State, xi.

115; Phuljhar, xi. 168; Pilibhit, xi.

175; Punganur, xi. 243; Punjab, xi.

278 ; Puri, xi. 306 ; Raigarh, xi. 362 ;

Raipur, xi. 373 ; Kairakhol, xi. 378 ;
'Rajkot, xi. 388; Rajpipla, xi. 392;

Ramri, xi. 463; Rangpur, xi. 496 ;

Ratnagiri, xii. 8, 9 ; Rohna, xii. 63 ;

Rohtak, xii. 73 ; Sachin, xii. 88;

Sadalgi, xii. 92 ; Saharanpur, xii.

120; Sambalpur, xii. 183; Sandwip

Lsland, xii. 210; Santal Parganas, xii.

232 ; Saran, xii. 255 ; Sarangarh, xii.

260 ; Savanur, xii. 293 ; Shahabad,

xii. 329 ; Shahjahanpur, xii. 343, 349 '■>

Shahpur, xii. 365 ; Shimoga, xii. 403 ;

Shujabad, xii. 426 ; Sialkot, xii. 446 ;

Sibsagar, xii. 466 ; Sinnar, xii. 545 ?

Sitapur, xiii. 35 ; Sonpur, xiii. 63 ;

Sultanpur, xiii. 100 ; the Sundarbans,

xiii. 112; Supa, xiii. 116; Surat, xiii.

126; Sylhet, xiii. 152; Tarai, xiii.

209 ; Thakurdwara, xiii. 245 ; Tigaria,

xiii. 294; Tipperah, xiii. 317 ; Trichi-

nopoli, xiii. 360; Udaipur, xiii. 402;

Unao, xiii. 431, 432; Vayalpad, xiii.

464 ; Vizagapatam, xiii. 492; Wala,

xiii. 514 ; Wankaner, xiii. 518 ;

Yelandur, xiii. 552.
Sugar-duties, Abolition of Inland (1836),

article ' India,' vi. 562.
Sugar-refining, extracting etc., Ahraura,
i. in ; Amherst, i. 241 ; South Arcot,
i. 326 ; Arwal, i. 336 ; Aska, i. 340,
v. 7, 8 ; Azamgarh, i. 399 5 Ballia, 11.
21; Bara Banki, ii. 1 13; Baragaon,
ii. 117; Barwar, ii. 181 ; Bijnaur, n.
433; Biria, iii. 12; Champaran, iii.
343; Chaugachha, iii. 375 5 Cuddapah,
iv. 53 ; Darbhangah, iv. 126 ; Etah,
iv. 364 ; Faridpur, iv. 405 ; Farukh-
abad, iv. 415; Garhakota, v. 13;
Godavari, v. 129 ; Cola, v. 143 ;
Guthni, v. 225; Hariana, v. 338;
Hoshiarpur, v. 456; Jalandhar, vii.
89 ; Jessor, vii. 186, 188 ; Kaimahra,
vii. 296 ; Kamalapuram, vii. 349 :
Karor, viii. 47; Kesabpur, viii. 117;
Khajura, viii. 140; Khulna, viii. 210;
Kolar, viii. 277 ; Kotchandpur, viii.
318; Kyauk-pyu, viii. 387;Lohar-
gara, viii. 474 ; Machhreta, viii. 535 ;
Machiwara, viii. 535; Magura, ix.
141 ; Maharajnagar, ix. 165 ; Maniar,



3H



INDEX.



ix. 318 ; Mergui, ix. 410; Mubarakpur,
ix. 525 ; Muhamdi, ix. 530 ; Muham-
madabad, ix. 531; Mysore, x. 120;
Nadiya, x. 137; Nasriganj, x. 239;
Nawabganj, x. 247 ; Nawada, x. 250;
Oel, x. 421; Padrauna, x. 526; Pal-
halli, x. 541, 544; Partabgarh (Oudh),
xi. 75 ; Bisalpur, xi. 176; Pilibhit, xi.
176, 179; Pipraich, xi. 186; Prome,
xi. 233 ; Rampur, xi. 458 ; Ramri, xi.
463; Rasipur, xi. 513; Ratsar, xii.
14 ; Rehli, xii. 42 ; Sadalgi, xii. 92 ;
Sakaldiha, xii. 144 ; Sambhal, xii.
187 ; Saran, xii. 257 ; Senhati, xii.
307 ; Shahabad, xii. 332 ; Shahdara
(N.-W. P.), xii. 342; Shahjahanpur,
xii- 353. 357; Shimoga, xii. 404;
Sindhora, xii. 526 ; Sisotar, xiii. 24 ;
Siwan, xiii. 44 ; Sukhpura, xiii. 9 1 ;
Tari Baragaon, xiii. 213 ; Tilhar, xiii.
296 ; Twenty-four Parganas, xiii. 397 ;
Ujhani, xiii. 416; Bank in Utraula,
xiii. 456.

Sugar-trade, Centres of the, Bagpat, i.
419, 420, ix. 389; Basti, ii. 212;
Berhampur (Madras), ii. 324 ; Bijnaur,
ii. 435 ; Chandausi, iii. 357 ; Cudda-
lore, iv. 46 ; Dhanaura, iv. 243 ;
Garhdiwala, v. 14 ; Gursarai, v. 225 ;
Hathras, v. 355 ; Jamki, vii. 128 ;
Kesabpur, viii. 117; Narikelbaria, x.
212 ; Nawabganj, x. 248 ; Nawashabr,
x. 254; Nur Mahal, x. 418 ; Pilibhit,
xi. 179; Rahon, xi. 347; Rampur
Beauleah, xi. 462; Rasra, xi. 514;
Rehli, xii. 42 ; Rupar, xii. 8^ ; Sahar-
anpur, xii. 125; Sankhatra, xii. 223;
Satkhira, xii. 287 ; Sherkot, xii. 380 ;
Sirajganj, xii. 548 ; Siralkoppa, xii.
550 ; Sirsa, xiii. 20 ; Srigovindpur,
xiii. 75 ; Sultanpur, xiii. 106 ; Tala,
xiii. 162 ; Tilhar, xiii. 296.

Sugh, ancient town in Punjab, xiii.

87, 88.

Suhawal, State and town in Central

India. See Sohawal.
Suigam, Native State in Gujarat, xiii.

88, 89.

Suigam, chief town of Suigam State,

xiii. 89.
Sujangarh, town in Rajputana, xiii. 89.
Sujanpur, town in Punjab, xiii. 89.
Sujanpur Tira, town in Punjab, xiii. 89.
Sujawal, tdhik in Sind, xiii. 90.
Sujawal, town in Gwalior State, xiii. 90.
Sujayat Khan, Governor of Ellichpur,

killed in battle with Raghuji Bhonsla

at Bhugaon (1740), iv. 346.
Sukalis. See Lambadis.
Sukesar, mountain in Punjab. See

Sakeswar.
Suket, one of the Hill States in Punjab,

xiii. 90.



Suket, mountain range in Punjab. See
Jalori.

Suketa, Anglicized form of Saketa, one
of the names of Ajodhya, xiii. 90.

Sukheta, river in Oudh, xiii. 90, 91.

Sukhpura, village in N.-W. Provinces,
xiii. 91.

Sukhu-chak, town in Punjab, xiii. 91.

Sukkur, Sub-division in Sind, xiii. 91,
92.

Sukkur, taluk in Sind, xiii. 92.

Sukkur, town in Sind, xiii. 92-94.

Sulaiman, Afghan king of Bengal, con-
quered Orissa (1567, 1568), x. 430;
moved his capital from Gaur to Tan-
dan (1564), xiii. 175.

Sulaiman, range of hills marking a por-
tion of the western boundary between
British territory and Afghanistan, xiii.
94 ; article ' India,' vi. 3, 6.

Sulebhave, town in Bombay, xiii. 94, 95.

Suleiman (9th century), quoted, on the
Maldive Islands, ix. 250.

Sulekere, lake in Mysore, xiii. 95.

Sullivan, Mr., Collector of Coimbatore,
built first English house on the Nilgiri
Hills (1821), x. 303.

Sullivan's Island, in the Mergui archi-
pelago, xiii. 95.

Sulphur, found in Afghanistan, i. 37 ;
Badakshan, i. 407 ; Upper Burma, iii.
211; Jehlam, vii. 167; Kohat, viii.
423 ; Lakhimpur, viii. 427 ; Larkhana,
viii. 463 ; Nepal, x. 278 ; Lohra in
Rawal Pindi, xii. 22 ; Travancore,
xiii. 345.

Sulphur springs. See Springs, Hot and
Mineral.

Sultanganj, village in Bengal, xiii. 95.

Sultanpur, District in Oudh, xiii. 95-103 ;
changes in jurisdiction, 95, 96 ; phy-
sical aspects, 96, 97 ; history, 97, 9S ;
population, 98, 99 ; agriculture, 99,
100 ; land tenures, 100 ; means of com-
munication, 100, 101 ; trade and com-
merce, manufactures, etc., 101, 102;
administration, 102 ; climate, 102, 103 ;
medical aspects, 103.

Sultanpur, tahsil in Oudh, xiii. 103, 104.

Sultanpur, pargand in Oudh, xiii. 104.

Sultanpur, town in Oudh, xiii. 104, 105.

Sultanpur, town in Kiilu, Punjab, xiii.
105, 106.

Sultanpur, village in Gurgaon District,
Punjab, xiii. 106.

Sultanpur, town in Saharanpur District,
N.-W. Provinces, xiii. 106.

Sultanpur, village in Ballia District,
N.-W. Provinces, xiii. 106.

Sultanpur, town in Kapurthala State,
Punjab, xiii. 106.

Sum, The, a silkworm tree, cultivated
in Sibsagar, xii. 466, 467.



INDEX.



3i5



Sumdirf, river in Assam, xiii. 106.

Sumerpur, town in N.-W. Provinces, xiii.
106, 107.

Sumesar, hill range in Bengal, xiii. 107.

Sumla, State in Kathiawar. See Samla.

Sumpter. State in Bundelkhand. See
Samtbar.

Sunam, town in Punjab, xiii. 107.

Sunamganj, town in Assam. See Sonam-
ganj.

Sunapur, town in Madras. See Sonapur.

Sunda, town in Madras. See Sonda.

Sundarapandiam, village in Madras, xiii.
107.

Sundarbans, The, vast tract of forest
and swamp, forming the southernmost
portion of the Gangetic delta, xiii.
107-114; physical aspects, 108, 109;
history, 109, 110; reclamation of the
Sundarbans, no, III ; population,
in; agriculture, 112; natural calami-
ties, 112; trade, 112; the Sundarbans
waterways and trade routes, 112, 113;
the Calcutta and South-Eastern Rail-
way, 113, 114.

Sundarganj, village in Bengal, xiii. 114.

Sundeep, island in the Gangetic delta.
See Sandwip.

Sundoor, hills in Madras. See Sandur.

Sundoor, State in Madras. See Sandur.

Sundri trees, found in the Andaman
Islands, i. 282; Bakarganj, i. 441,
444 ; the Sundarbans, xiii. 108 ;
Twenty-four Parganas, xiii. 389.

Sunkam, estate in Central Provinces,
xiii. 114.

Sun-spot cycles, article 'India,' vi. 650,

Sunth, Native State in Rewa kantha,
xiii. 114, 115; physical aspects, 114,
115; population, 115; history, 115.

Sunth, chief town of Sunth State, xiii.
116.

Suntikopa, village in Coorg, xiii. 116.

Sunwars, tribe in the Himalayan Moun-
tains, v. 413.

Sun-worship, Traces of, among the San-
tals, article ' India,' vi. 583.

Supa, Sub -division in Bombay. See
Haliyal.

Supa, village in Bombay, xiii. 116.

Supul, Sub-division in Bengal, xiii. 1 16.

Supul, town in Bengal, xiii. 116, 117.

Surada, town, taluk, and estate in
Madras, xiii. 117.

Surajgarha, town in Bengal, xiii. 117.

Suraj Mall, Raja of Bhartpur and Muttra,
took Agra with Samru (1764), i. 69;
held Koil (1757-59), i- 170; history of
his reign in Bhartpur, ii. 375 ; seized
Dholpur (1761), iv. 276; built palaces
at Dig, iv. 286 ; his mausoleum at
Gobardhan, v. 121 ; history of his



reign in Muttra, x. 46 ; plundered
Shahdara before battle of Panipat
(1761), xii. 341.

Surajpur, pargand in Oudh, xin. 117.

Suraj pur, village in N.-W. Provinces,
xiii. 117.

Suraj-ud-daula. See Siraj-ud-daula.

Suram, tahsil in N.-W. Provinces. See
Soraon.

Suramangalam, suburb of Salem town,
Madras, xiii. 117.

Surangi, town and estate in Madras, xiii.
117.

Surat, District in Bombay, xiii. 118-132 ;
physical aspects, 118- 120; history,
120-124; population, 124, 125; agri-
culture, 125-127; natural calamities,
127, 128; commerce and trade, 128,
129; manufactures, 129; administra-
tion, 129- 13 1 ; education, 130, 131 ;
medical aspects, 13 1.

Surat, city in Bombay, xiii. 132-136;



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