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indigo, 303, 304 ; tea, 304 ; opium,
304, 305 ; cinchona, 305 ; forests, 305,
306 ; system of land tenures, 306 ;
rates of rent, 306, 307 ; Government
estates, 307 ; wards' estates, 307 ; sur-
veys, 307, 308 ; settlements, 308 ;
manufactures, 308, 309 ; silk, 309 ;
sugar, 309; saltpetre, 309; steam- mill.-,
309, 310; internal trade, 310, 311 ;
foreign trade, 311, 312; roads, 312,
313 ; railways, 313-315 ; canals, 315 ;
administration, 315, 316; revenue and
expenditure, 317-319 ; military force,
319 ; police and criminal and civil jus-
tice, 319, 320; education, 320, 321;
newspapers, 321 ; climate, 321, 322 ;
medical aspects, vital statistics, 322 ;
conclusion, 322, 323.
Bengal, early English settlements in,
vi. 368-385 ; first permission to trade
(1634), 368 ; factories at Hugh, Balasor,
and Kasimbazar, 369, 370; Bengal
separated from Madras, 370 ; English
in Bengal and their early factories, 380 ;
native rulers of Bengal (1707-5 6 )'
Murshid Kiili Khan, Ali Vardi Khan,
and Siraj-ud-daula, 380, 381 ; capture
of Calcutta, the ' Black Hole,' and
battle of Plassey, 381, 382 ; Mir Jafar
(1757-60), 383, 385 ; Permanent Settle-
ment of (1793), 441-445-
Bengali literature and authors, yi. 340-
354 ; geographical area and linguistic
features of the Bengali language, 347 ;
Sanskritizing tendency of Bengali, 347 ;
the three periods of Bengali literature,
347 » 348 ; court poets of Bengal in the
14th and 15th centuries, 348 ; Vishnuite
and Sivaite religious poetry, 349, 350 ;
Makunda Ram and the stories of
Kalketu, and the Srimanta Sadagar,
350, 351 ; Kasi Ram Das, the translator
of the Mahabharata, 351 ; Ram Prasad,
court poet of Nadiya in the iSth century,
352 ; Bengali prose in the 19th century,
and modern Bengali poets and authors,

353> 354- , „ .

Beni, town in Central Provinces, 11. 323.



33



INDEX.



Beniganj, town in Oudh, ii. 323.

Beni-Israel, tribe of Jewish descent,
chiefly oil-pressers in Janjira, vii. 138 ;
described in Kolaba, viii. 265, 266.

Beni Rasulpur, village in Bengal, ii. 323.

Bentinck, Lord William, Governor-
General of India (1828-35), article
' India/ vi. 404-406 ; his financial
reforms, abolition of Sail, suppression
of Thagi, 405 ; the renewal of the
Company's Charter, 405, 406 ; Mysore
taken under British administration, and
Coorg annexed, 406. Local notices —
Encouraged tea-planting in Assam, i.
365 ; his statue at Calcutta, iii. 250 ;
intervened in Coorg, iv. 30 ; purchased
Darjiling, iv. 131 ; Governor of Madras
(1803-07), ix. 67 ; demanded reforms in
Oudh, x. 491.

Benugarh, fort in Bengal, ii. 323.

Benyon, Richard, Governor of Madras
(1735-43), »■ 66.

Berars, The, handed over to the British
by the Nizam, as a territorial guaran-
tee for arrears of subsidy and for the
pay of the Haidarabad contingent,
v. 415. See Hyderabad Assigned
Districts.

Berdi, town in Central Provinces, ii.

3 2 3-

Berhampur, t&luk in Madras, ii. 324.
Berhampur, town and cantonment in

Madras, ii. 324.
Berhampur, town in Bengal, ii. 324, 325.
Beri, petty State in Central India, ii.

325-

Beri, town in Punjab, ii. 325, 326.

Beri-beri, a rheumatic affection prevalent
in Godavari, v. 130; Maldive Islands,
ix. 252; Vizagapatam, xiii. 497.

Beria, town in Central Provinces, ii. 326.

Beridi, estate in Madras, ii. 326.

Bernard, Sir C, Chief Commissioner of
British Burma (1880), iii. 176.

Berni, agricultural town in N.-W. Pro-
vinces, ii. 326.

Bernier, M., describes retreat of Dara's
troops after their defeat by Aurangzeb
(1659), i. 122; his account of the
conquest of Sandwip Island (1665),
xii. 210.

Beronda, State. See Baraunda.

Berul, village in Central Provinces, ii.
326.

Beryl, found in Mysore, x. 92.

Beschi, Father, Jesuit missionary and
Tamil scholar, article ' India,' vi. 245,
2 53 5 333- Local notices— In Madras,
ix. 25 ; the last of the Madura Jesuits,
ix. 126 ; lived some time at Kayatar
in Tinnevelli, xiii. 303.

Betagaon, village in Oudh, ii. 326. See
Bhetargaon.



Betanga, trading village in Bengal, ii. 326.
Betawad, town in Bombay, ii. 326.
Betel-leaf orpin, cultivation of,at Ahmad -
nagar, i. 103 ; Akola, i. 143 ; Akyab,
i. 156 ; Anantapur, i. 277 ; Anjengaon,
i. 290; North Arcot, i. 316; Assam,
i. 362 ; Badnera, i. 409 ; Bakarganj,
i. 445 ; Balihiri, ii. 13 ; Bankura, ii.
83; Bard wan, ii. 130; Baruipur, ii.
177; Bengal, ii. 271, 304; Bogra,
iii. 29 ; Bundi, iii. 159 ; Chanda, iii.
352 ; Chittagong, iii. 439,440 ; Cochin,
iv. 5 ; Cuttack, iv. 71 ; Dacca, iv. 85 ;
Dinajpur, iv. 294 ; Eastern Dwars, iv.
333 ; Faridpur, iv. 403 ; Garhbori, v.
14 ; Garo Hills, v. 31 ; Gaya, v. 49 ;
Goalpara, v. 116; Hasilpur, v. 344;
Hazaribagh, v. 375 ; Howrah, v. 463 ;
Hiigli, v. 494 ; Jalgaon, vii. 105 ;
Jalgaon-Jambod, vii. 106 ; Jessor, vii.
187 ; North Kanara, vii. 372 ; Kar-
kamb, viii. 13 ; Khasi Hills, viii. 177 ;
Khyrim, viii. 215 ; Kolar, viii. 276 ;
Lalitpur, viii. 453-; Lohardaga, viii.
483 ; Madras, viii. 28, 30 ; Maiman-
singh, ix. 195 ; Ratlam in Western
Malvva, ix. 269 ; Manbhum, ix. 283 ;
Midnapur, ix. 429 ; Mirzapur, ix.
458 ; Nadiya, x. 135 ; Neotini, x.
274; Nowgong, x. 411; Orissa,
x. 459; Pabna, x. 516; Parseoni,
xi. 67 ; Partabgarh, xi. 71 ; Puri,
xi. 306 ; Ramtek, xi. 465 ; Rang-
pur, xi. 496 ; Saran, xii. 255 ; Sav-
aniir, xii. 293 ; Shahabad, xii. 329 ;
Sibsagar, xii. 466 ; Sinnar, xii. 545 ;
Sitapur, xiii. 35 ; the Sundarbans, xiii.
112; Tanjore, xiii. 187; Tinnevelli,
xiii. 306 ; Tipperah, xiii. 317 ; Tum-
kur, xiii. 381.

Betel nut. See Areca palms.

Betgari, trading village in Bengal, ii. 326.

Bethlen, Count, his estimate of the popu-
lation of Upper Burma, iii. 213.

Beti, village in Oudh. See Behti.

Betigeri, town in Bombay, ii. 326, 327.

Betmangala, village and taluk in Mysore,
ii. 327.

Bettadpur, mountain in Mysore, ii. 327.

Bettia, Sub-division in Bengal, ii. 327.

Bettia, town in Bengal, ii. 327, 328.

Bettur, village in Mysore, ii. 328.

Betul, District in Central Provinces,
«• 3 2 9-333 ; physical aspects, 328,
329 ; history, 329, 330 ; population,
33°> 33 1 '■> division into town and
country, 331 ; agriculture, 331, 332 ;
commerce and trade, 332 ; administra-
tion, 332, 333 ; medical aspects, 333.

Betul, tahsilin Central Provinces, ii. 2>33^

334-
Betul, town in Central Provinces, ii. 334.
Betulpindangadi, town in Madras, ii. 334.



INDEX.



39



Betwa, river in Bundelkhand, ii. 334.
Betwa* Canal, famine insurance work in

Bundelkhand, vi. 533.
Bevan, Major, first grew coffee in the

Wainad, as a curiosity, ix. 31.
Beypur, town and port in Madras, ii.

335-

Beypur, river in Madras, ii. 335, 336.
Beyt, island in Bombay, ii. 336.
Bezwada,town and taluk in Madras, ii. 336.
Bgai, principal tribe of the Karens, viii. 3.
Bhabhar, State and town. See Babhar.
Bhabua, town and Sub-division in Bengal,

Bhachav, town in Bombay, ii. 237-
Bhadarsa, town in Oudh, ii. 237-
Bhadarwa, petty State in Bombay, ii. 237-
Bhadaur, town in Patiala State, ii. 237-
Bhadaura, petty State in Central India,

»• 337, 33%-
Bhadbhut, village and place of pilgrimage

in Bombay, ii. 338.
Bhadgaon, town in Bombay, ii. 338.
Bhodli, petty State in Bombay, ii. 23%-
Bhadora. See Bhadaura.
Bhadra, river in Mysore, ii. 338, 339.
Bhadra, Chiefship in Central Provinces,

ii- 339-
Bhadra Bahu, Jain leader, died at Shra-

van-belgola when taking colony from

Ujjain, vii. 425.
Bhadrachalam, town, taluk, and estate in

Madras, ii. 339, 340.
Bhadrakh, village and Sub-division in

Bengal, ii. 340.
Bhadreswar, village in Bombay, ii. 340.
Bhadreswar, town in Bengal, ii. 340,

341-

Bhadri, town in Oudh, ii. 341.
Bhadron, town in Bombay, ii. 341.
Bhadwa, petty State in Bombay, ii. 341.
Bhadwana, petty State in Bombay, ii.

341-
Bhag. See Land tenures.
Bhaga, mountain river in Punjab.
Bhagabatipur, village in Bengal, ii. 341.
Bhagalpur, Division in Bengal, ii. 341-

343-

Bhagalpur, District in Bengal, ii. 343-
352 ; physical aspects, 343'345 5 hi s-
tor y> 345> 346 ; population, 346, 347 ;
division of the people into town and
country, 347 ; demon-worship, 347 ;
antiquities, 348 ; agriculture, 348, 349 ;
natural calamities, 349, 350 ; commerce
and trade, etc., 350; administration,
35°, 35 * 5 medical aspects, 351, 352.

Bhagalpur, Sub-division in Bengal, ii.
352.

Bhagalpur, town in Bengal, ii. 352, 353.

Bhagalpur, town in N.-W. Provinces, ii.

353-

Bhagamandal, village in Madras, ii. 353.



Bhagats, Bhil ascetics in Mahi Kantha,
ix. 178.

Bhagirathi, offshoot of Ganges, in Lower
Bengal, ii. 353, 354.

Bhagirathi, river in Garhwal State, N.-W.
Provinces, ii. 354; the source and head-
waters of the Ganges, vi. 16.

Bhagtia Thapa, Gurkha general, killed
in the attack on Deonthal (1815), iv.
204.

Bhagwa, seaport in Bombay, ii. 354.

Bhagwangola, river mart in Bengal, ii.

354, 355-
Bhagwantnagar, town and pargand in

Oudh, ii. 355.
Bhagwant Singh, Oudh bandit, had his

fort at Atwa, i. 384 ; operations against

(1841), x. 492-494-
Bhai, town in Oudh, ii. 355.
Bhaimias. See Baigas.
Bhainsror, town and fort in Rajputana,

ii- 355, 356.
Bhainswal, village in N.-W. Provinces, ii.

356.
Bhairabi, river in Assam, ii. 356.
Bhairagnia, village in Bengal, ii. 356.
Bhairoghati, temple and pass in N.-W.

Provinces, ii. 356, 357.
Bhaisaunda, Chiefship in Central India,

ii- 357-
Bhajji, Hill State in Punjab, ii. 375.
Bhakkar, tahsil in Punjab, ii. 357.
Bhakkar, town in Punjab, ii. 357, 358.
Bhakta-Mala, the Hindu Acta Sanctorum,

vi. 208.
Bhalala, petty State in Bombay, ii. 358.
Bhalgam Buldhoi, petty State in Bombay,

ii- 358-
Bhalgamra, petty State in Bombay, ii.

358.
Bhals, a Rajput clan, part Hindu, part

Muhammadan, in Bulandshahr, iii.

135-

Bhalusna, chiefship and town in Bombay,

ii. 358.
Bham, town (deserted) in Berar, ii. 358,

359-
Bhambore, ruined city in Bombay, ii. 359.
Bhamgarh, town in Central Provinces, ii.

359-

Bhamraguri. See Bhomoragun.
Bhan, village in Bombay, ii. 359.
Bhandak, pargand in Central Provinces,

ii- 359-
Bhandak, town in Central Provinces, ii.

359, 36o.
Bhandara, District in Central Provinces,
ii. 360-367 ; physical aspects, 360,
361; history, 361, 362; population,
362 - 364 ; agriculture, 364, 365 ;
commerce and trade, 365, 366 ;
administration, 366, 367 ; medical
aspects 3^7-



40



INDEX.



Bhandara, town in Central Provinces, ii.
367, 368.

Bhandaria, petty State in Bombay, ii.
368.

Bhander, ancient town in N.-W. Pro-
vinces, ii. 368.

Bhandesvvar, hill in Bengal, ii. 368.

Bhandup, seaport in Bombay, ii. 168.

Bhanga, trading village in Bengal, ii.
168.

Bhangarhat, village in Bengal, ii. 368,

369-
Bhangha, town in Oudh, ii. 369.
Bhangoda, estate in Madras, ii. 369.

See Bissemkatak.
Bhangrya, celebrated dakdit leader,

captured at Pandharpur (1849), xi. 37 ',

38.
Bhanpura, estate in Central Provinces,

ii. 369.
Bhanpura, town and pargana in Central

India, ii. 369.
Bhanrer, hill range in Central Provinces,

ii. 369.
Bhantus, Hindu robber tribe, wandering

in gangs in Budaun, iii. 120.



Bhanwad, town in Kathiawar,



I69.



Bhaoli, land tenure in Monghyr, ix. 485.
Bharat Chandra Rai, Bengali poet of

the 18th century, vi. 352.
Bharawan, town in Oudh, ii. 369.
Bhardagarh, estate in Central Provinces,

ii- 369, 37o.

Bharejda, petty State in Bombay, ii. 370.

Bhareng, valley and pargana in Kash-
mir, ii. 370.

Bharengi, river of Kashmir, ii. 370.

Bhargavi, river of Bengal, ii. 370.

Bhars, aboriginal and formerly dominant
race in Oudh, now a crushed tribe,
article 'India,' vi. 71, 187; present
descendants of, 187. Local notices —
Specially numerous or noteworthy in
Azamgarh, i. 395 ; Ballia, ii. 20 ; Bara
Banki, ii. 107 ; Benares, ii. 253 ;
Burhapara, iii. 165 ; Farukhabad, iv.
410; Ghazipur, v. 66 ; Gonda, v. 151 ;
Gorakhpur, v. 168, 169 ; their history
in Lucknow, viii. 495 ; Manbhum, ix.
280 ; Mirzapur, ix. 456 ; their history
in Oudh, x. 485, 486 ; numbers there,
x. 498.

Barthna, village and tahsil in N.-W.
Provinces, ii. 370.

Bhartpur, State in Rajputana, ii. 371-
375 ; history, 372-375 ; administration,

375-

Bhartpur, town and fortress in Rajput-
ana, ii. 375, 376 ; repulse of Lord
Lake before, vi. 398 ; capture of, by
Lord Combermere, 404.

Bharudpura, petty State in Central India,
ii. 376.



Bhaskar Rao (Baba Sahib), chief of Nar-

gund, rebelled (1857) and murdered

Mr. Masson, x. 21 1.
Bhasmangi, hill in Mysore, ii. 376.
Bhatala, village in Central Provinces, ii.

376.
Bhatgaon, estate in Central Provinces, ii.

376.
Bhatgaon, village in Central Provinces,

ii. 376.
Bhatgaon, town in Bengal, ii. 376, 377.
Bhatgaon, town in Nepal, ii. 377.
Bhathan, petty State in Bombay, ii. y]"].
Bhati, coast-strip of the Sundarbans, ii.

377-
Bhatkal, town in Bombay, ii. 377, 378.
Bhatkuli, town in Berar, ii. 378.
Bhatnair, town and fort in Rajputana, ii.

378.
Bhatpur, village in Oudh, ii. 378.
Bhats or Barots, genealogists of the

Rajputs. See Jodhpur, vii. 237 ;

Kaira, vii. 302, 303 ; Raipur, xi. 372 ;

Rajputana, xi. 408.
Bhatti Rajputs, especially numerous

in Firozpur, iv. 440, 442 ; Gujran-

wala, v. 183 ; Hissar, v. 428, 429 ;

Jaisalmer, vii. 67 ; Jehlam, vii. 170 ;

Jhang, vii. 209; Sirsa, xiii. II, 12, 14.
Bhattiana, tract of country in Punjab, ii.

378, 379-
Bhattus, wandering tribe, generally

thieves, in N. Arcot, i. 315.
Bhaturia, village in Bengal, ii. 379.
Bhaun, town in Punjab, ii. 379.
Bhaunagar, Native State in Kathiawar,

Bombay, ii. 379-381.
Bhaunagar, town and port in Bombay, ii.

381, 382.
Bhausingh, market village in Bengal, ii.

382.
Bhavani, river in Madras, ii. 382.
Bhavani, town and taluk in Madras, 3S2,

383.
Bhavsars or Chhipias,name given to calico

printers in Kaira, vii. 306.
Bhaw, river in Lower Burma, ii. 383.

See Baw.
Bhawal, village in Bengal, ii. 383.
Bhawan, town in Oudh, ii. 383.
Bhawanandpur, village in Bengal, ii. 383,

384;

Bhawani, town and tahsil in Punjab,
ii. 384. See Bhiwani.

Bhawanipatna, village in Central Pro-
vinces, ii. 384.

Bhawanipur, suburb of Calcutta, ii. 384.

Bhayawadar, town in Bombay, ii. 384.

Bhedau, chiefship in Central Provinces,
ii. 384, 385.

Bheel 'Agency.' See Bhilwara.

Bheeleng, river and town in Lower
Burma, ii. 385. Sec Bilin.



INDEX.



4i



Bheeleng-kyaik-hto, township in Lower
Burma, ii. 385. See Bilin-kyaik-to.

Bheeloo-Gywon, island in Lower Burma,
ii. 385. See Bilu-Gywon.

Bheels. See Bhils.

Bhelani, town in Bombay, ii. 3S5.

Bhenglaing, river in Lower Burma, ii.
385. See Binlaing.

Bhensdelu, village in Central Provinces,

ii. 385.

Bhera, town and taJisil in Punjab, ii.
38S, 3?6.

Bheraghat, village in Central Provinces,
ii. 368.

Bheren, estate in Central Provinces, ii.
386.

Bheri, petty State. See Beri.

Bhetargaon, town in Oudh, ii. 387.

Bhian, village in Bombay, ii. 387.

Bhidanwala, village in Punjab, ii. 387.

Bhikorai, village in Rajputana, ii. 387.

Bhilalas, cross between Bhils and Rajputs,
their marriage ceremonies, ii. 391. See
Bhils.

Bhils, aboriginal tribe of Khandesh and
Rajputana, formerly a predatory clan,
now largely converted into peaceable
cultivators and loyal soldiers, article
' India,' vi. 72, "jt>- Local notices —
Formerly dominant in Mewar, Malwa,
Khandesh, and Gujarat, ii. 387-392 ;
their manners, customs, and ceremonies,
ii. 38S-391 ; their numbers, ii. 392 ;
found in Ali-Rajpur, i. 181 ; Banswara,
ii. 102 ; Baroda, ii. 159; Barwani, ii.
180; Broach, hi. 103 ; Bundi, hi. 159;
Central India, iii. 295 ; Chhota Uclai-
pur, iii. 405 ; Chikhli, iii. 409 ; the
Bangs, iv. 114-116; Dhar, iv. 247;
Dhi-Dharamrai, iv. 270 ; Dhotia-
Baisola, iv. 278 ; Diingarpur, iv. 323 ;
Edar, iv. 336; Garh, v. 12 ; Hoshang-
abad, v. 445 ; Indore, vii. 3 ; Jhabua,
vii. 194 ; Jhalod, vii. 203; Jobat, vii.
233 ; Kathiwara, viii. 97 ; Khandesh,
viii. 150, 154, 155 ; massacre of, at
Kopargaon (1803), viii. 293 ; Mahi
Kantha Agency, ix. 178, 179 ; Maksu-
dangarh, ix. 215 ; Western Malwa, ix.
269 ; Manpur, ix. 339 ; Math war, ix.
365 ; Mehwas, ix. 400 ; Merwara, ix.
416 ; Narsinghgarh, x. 215 ; Nasik, x.
229, 231 ; Nimar, x. 332 ; Panch
Mahals, xi. 30, 31 ; Pimpalner, xi.
181 ; Poona, xi. 205 ; Rajgarh, ix.
386 ; Rajpipla, xi. 391 ; Rajputana,
xi. 408, 409; Ratlam, xii. I; Rewa
Kantha, xii. 51, 52; Sanjeli, xii. 221 ;
Shahpura, xii. 369 ; Sirohi, xiii. 5 ;
Thar and Parkar, xiii. 266 ; Tonk, xiii.
337 ; Udaipur, xiii. 402 ; Wiin, xiii.
541. .fealso Bhilwara and Dang States.

Bhilauri, town in Bombay, ii. 392.



Bhileng, river and town in Burma, ii.

392. See Bilin.
Bhileng-kyaik-hto, township in Lower

Burma, ii. 392. See Bilin-kyaik-to.
Bhilgarh, town in Central India, ii. 392.
Bhillang, feeder of the Bhagirathi river,

N.-W. Provinces, ii. 392.
Bhilolpur, town in Punjab, ii. 392.
Bhiloria, petty State in Bombay, ii. 392.
Bhilsa, fortified town in Central India, ii.

392-394-
Bhilu-Gywon, island near Salwin river,

Lower Burma, ii. 394.
Bhilwara, tract of country in Central

India, ii. 394, 395.
Bhilwara, town in Rajputana, ii. 395.
Bhima, river in Deccan, ii. 395.
Bhimaganni, pass in Madias, ii. 395.
Bhimar, village in Rajputana, ii. 395.
Bhimavaran, taluk in Madras, ii. 395,

396.
Bhimavaran, village in Madras, ii. 396.
Bhimbandh, hot springs in Bengal, ii.

396.
Bhimdar, torrent in Punjab, ii. 396.
Bhim-Ghora, place of pilgrimage in N.-W.

Provinces, ii. 396, 397.
Bhim-lath, village in Central Provinces,

ii- 397-
Bhim Singh's lathi or club, monolith

near Sarya, xii. 272.
Bhimora, petty State in Bombay, ii. 397.
Bhim Tal, small lake in N.-W. Provinces,

ii- 397-
Bhimthadi, Sub-division in Bombay, ii.

397-
Bhinal, town in Rajputana, ii. 397.
Bhind, town in Central India, ii. 397.
Bhindar, town in Rajputana, ii. 397.
Bhinga, pa rgand in Oudh, ii. 397, 398.
Bhingar, town in Bombay, ii. 398, 397.
Bhiri, village in Central Provinces, ii. 399.
Bhiria, town in Bombay, ii: 399.
Bhisi, town in Central Provinces, ii. 399.
Bhit Shah, town in Bombay, ii. 399.
Bhita Sarkhandi, village in Bengal, ii.

399- ,. ^ „ ..

Bhitanli, town and pargana in Oudh, 11.

399-

Bhiwandi, town and Sub-division in Bom-
bay, ii. 399, 400.

Bhiwani, town and tahsil in Punjab, ii.
400.

Bhiwani, town in Rajputana, ii. 401.

Bhiwapur, town in Central Provinces, ii.
401.

Bhochan, town in Bombay, ii. 401.

Bhogai, river in Assam, ii. 401.

Bhogarmang, mountain valley in Punjab,
ii. 401.

Bhogdabari, town in Bengal, ii. 401.

Bhoginpur, town and tahsil in X.-W.
Provinces, ii. 401.



42



INDEX.



Bhograi, embankment in Bengal, ii.
402.

Bhogtas, aboriginal tribe, exorcisers of
demons in Hazaribagh, v. 373.

Bhoika, petty State in Bombay, ii. 402.

Bhoja-kheri, estate in Central India, ii.
402.

Bhojawaddar, petty State in Bombay, ii.
402.

Bhojpur, town in N.-W. Provinces, ii.
402.

Bhojpur, town in Bengal, ii. 402.

Bhombadi, township in Lower Burma.
See Bhummawadi.

Bhomoraguri, forest reserve in Assam,
ii. 402.

Bhongaon, town and tahsil in N.-W. pro-
vinces, 402, 403.

Bhonsla, family name of the Maratha
Chiefs of Nagpur, lapsed to the British
for want of heirs in 1853, article 'India,'
vi. 322.

Bhonsla, Janoji, 2nd Raja of Nagpur
( 1755-72), his policy and defeat at
Nagpur, x. 166, 167.

Bhonsla, Mahduji, 3rd Raja of Nagpur
(1772-88), defeated Sabaji Bhonsla
at Panchgaon, x. 167 ; lived at Umrer,
where he built the fort, xiii. 423.

Bhonsla, Raghuji 1., 1st Raja of Nagpur
( ! 755)> conquered Bhandara (circ.
1738), ii. 361 ; took Chanda and an-
nexed that kingdom, iii. 349 ; defeated
governor of Ellichpur at Bhiigaon, iv.
346 ; conquered most of Hoshangabad,
v. 443 ; his intervention in Deogarh
and reign at Nagpur, x. 166 ; his war
with Kanoji Bhonsla, xiii. 540.

Bhonsla, Raghuji II. (1 788-1816), 4th
Raja of Nagpur, defeated at Assay e
with Sindia, i. 374 ; annexed Betul, ii.
330 ; besieged Garhakota, but was de-
feated by Gen. Baptiste, iv. 13 ; his
reign and the treaty of Deojaon, x.
167 ; conquered Sambalpur, xii. 180.

Bhonsla, Raghuji in. (1818-53), 6th
Raja of Nagpur, kingdom lapsed on
his death, iii. 302 ; his life and reign,
x. 168.

Bhonsla, Venkaji, Nagpur general, de-
feated by Sir A. Wellesley at Argaum
(1803), i. 329.

Bhoommawadee, township in Lower
Burma. See Bumawadi.

Bhoon-maw, pagoda in Lower Burma.
See Bun maw.

Bhopal, Native State in Central India, ii.
403-405.

Bhopal, capital of State in Central India,
ii. 405, 406.

Bhopal Agency, group of Native States
in Central Provinces and Central India,
ii. 406.



Bhor, Native State in Bombay, ii. 406.

Bhor, town in Bombay, ii. 406.

Bhor Ghat, pass over the Western Ghats,
Bombay, ii. 406-408 ; article ' India,'
vi. 36, 550.

Bhotiyas, Tibetan race in Dharma, carry-
ing on trade with pack-sheep, iv. 252 ;
Kumaun, viii. 353.

Bhotmari, trading village in Bengal, ii.
408.

Bhragu, founder of Broach, 1st century
A.D., where his descendants, the
Bragav Brahmans, still live, iii. 113.

Bhuban, range of hills in Assam, ii.
408.

Bhugtis, tribe of Baluchis in Baluchistan,
ii. 29.

Bhuinhars, cross between Brahmans and
Rajputs (perhaps same as Babhans), a
landholding caste in Azamgarh, i. 395 ;
Ballia, ii. 20 ; Benares, ii. 257. Sec
Babhans.

Bhuiyas or Bara Bhuiyas (perhaps identi-
cal with Bhuinhars), their history and
numbers in Assam, i. 354.

Bhuiyas, aboriginal tribe, in Bamra, ii.
42 ; Bhagalpur, ii. 346 ; dominant
tribe in Bonai, iii. 85, 86 ; in the Chutia
Nagpur Tributary States, iii. 462, 463,
464 ; Cuttack, iv. 69 ; Gangpur, iv.
478 ; Gaya, v. 46 ; Hazaribagh, v. ^t, ;
Karharbari coal-fields, viii. 9; Keunjhar,
viii. 120; Lohardaga, viii. 480; Maldah,
ix. 243 ; Manbhiim, ix. 280 ; Midnapur,
ix. 427 ; Orissa, x. 436 ; Orissa Tribu-
tary States, x. 472 ; Santal Parganas
(called ghiitzcdls), xii. 229, 230 ;
Singhbhum, xii. 536.

Bhuj, capital of Cutch, Bombay, ii.
408.

Bhukar. See Chang Bhukar.

Bhukarheri, town in N.-W. Provinces, ii.
408, 409.

Bhuksas, aboriginal tribe, who, with the
Tharus, can alone live in the Tarai,
xiii. 208, 209.

Bhullooah, District in Bengal. See
Noakhali.

Bhum. See Chamardi.

Bhiim Bakeswar, group of hot sulphur
springs in Bengal, ii. 409.

Bhumawadi. See Bumawadi.

Bhumias, aboriginal tribe in Raipur,
xi. 371.

Bhumijs, aboriginal tribe, numerous in
Assam, where they are tea-garden
coolies, i. 357 ; in Balasor, ii. 6 ;
Bankura, ii. 81 ; Bhagalpur, ii. 346 ;
in the Chutia Nagpur tributary States,
iii. 463-465; Dinajpur, iv. 292;
Faridpur, iv. 400 ; Manbhiim, ix.
280, 281 ; Midnapur, ix. 427 ; Nilgiri
(Orissa), x. 325 ; Orissa, x. 436 ; Orissa



INDEX.



43



Tributary States, x. 472 ; Santa] Par-

ganas, xii. 230 ; Sibsagar, xii. 464 ;
Singhbhum, xii. 535.

Bhung Bara, tract in Bahawalpur, ii. 409.

Bhunjiyas, aboriginal tribe in Raipur,
xi. 37i-

Bhun-maw. .SVt' Bun-maw.

Bhupalpatnam, estate in Central Pro-
vinces, ii. 409.

Bhupal Singh Rao, set up by the
Chauhans as Raja at Khair (1857), but
taken and hanged, viii. 127, 128.

Bhur, pargand in Oudh, ii. 409, 410.

Bhurtpore. See Bhartpur.

Bhusawal, town and Sub-division in
Bombay, ii. 410.

Bhutan, Independent State in the Eastern
Himalayas, ii. 411-417; physical as-
pects, 411, 412; people, 412-414;
natural products, 414 ; manufactures
etc., 414, 415 ; meteorology, 415 ;
history, 415-417.

Bhutana. See Bhathan.

Bhutan war (1864-65), article ' India,' vi.
424, 425. Local notices — Bhutan, ii.
417 ; annexation of Dhalingkot, iv.
131 ; check of British troops at
Diwangirf, iv. 308 ; annexation of the
Eastern Dwars, iv. 330 ; Jalpaiguri,
vii. 1 10 ; British head-quarters during
the war at Rangia, xi. 471.

Bhutias, The, in Bhutan, ii. 412-414;
Bians Pass, ii. 419 ; Darjiling, iv. 130,
133 ; Darrang, iv. 132, 133 ; Diwangiri,
iv. 308 ; the Eastern Dwars, iv. 329,
330 ; Garhwal, v. 20, 22 ; Himalaya
Mountains, v. 413 ; the Juhar valley,
vii. 253 ; Kamrup, vii. 355 ; Khagra-
para fair, viii. 123 ; Kherkheria fair,
viii. 199 ; driven out of Kuch Behar by
Warren Hastings, viii. 320 ; in Lahul,
viii. 421 ; Milam, ix. 438; Nepal, x.
279 ; Sikkim, xii. 485.

Bhuvaneswar, temple city in Orissa, ii.
417, 418.

Bhwot-lay. See Pa-de.

Biana, town in Rajputana, ii. 418.

Bians, Himalayan pass in N.-W. Pro-
vinces, ii. 418, 419.

Bias. See Beas.

Bias, river in Central Provinces, ii. 419.

Bichrand, estate in Central India, ii.
419.

Bickaneer. See Bikaner.

Bidar, town in Haidarabad, ii. 419.



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