1265-1321 Dante Alighieri.

The Vision : or, Hell, Purgatory, and Paradise, of Dante Alighieri online

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auce from a round figure to a square, from obscurity to light, and from
populousness to soltitude. This is the region of Pleasure, or Cupid,
who is accomjianied by four ladies, Love, Hope, Fear, and Desire. lu
one part of it he meets with Ovid, and is instructed by him how to con-
quer the passion of love, and to escape from that place. After his
escape he makes his confession to a friar, and then leturns to the forest
of visions : and ascending a mountain, he meets with Ptolemy, a vener-
able old man. Here the narrative breaks off. The poem ends, as it
began, with an address to Rustico di Filippo, on whom he lavishes every
port of praise.

It has been observed, that Dante derived the idea of opening his
poem by describing himself as lost in a wood, from the Tesuretto of his
master. I know not whether it has been remarked, that the crime of
usury is branded by both these poets as offensive to God and Nature :
or that the sin for which Brunetto is condemned by his pupil, is men-
tioned in the Tesoietto with great horror. Dante's twenty-fifth sonnet
is a jocose one, addressed to Brunetto. He died in 1295

V. 62. Who in old times came dozen from Fesolc] See G. Villaui,
Hist. 1. iv. c. 5. and Macchiav. Hi.st. of Flor. b. ii.

V. 89. With another text.] He refers to the prediction of Farinata, in
Canto X.

V. 110. Priscian.] There is no reason to believe, as the commentators
observe, that the granunarian of this name was stained with the vice
imputed to him ; and we must therefore suppose that Dante ])uts the
individual for the species, and implies the frequency of the crime among
those who abused the opportunities which the education of youth
afforded them, to so abominable a purpose.

V. 111. Fixinccsco.] Son of Accorso, a Florentine, celebrated for his
skill in juiisi>rudence, and commonly known by the name of Acciir.xins.

V. 113. Him.'] Andrea de' Mozzi, who, that his scandalous life niigl.t
be less exjiosed to observation, was translated either by Nicholas III. or
Boniface VIH. from the see of Florence to that of Vicenza, throu.sih
which passes the river Bacchiglione. At the latter of these places he

V. 114. The serranis' servayit.] Servo de' servi.

So Ariosto, Sat. 3.

Degli servi
lo sia il gran servo.

V. 124. I commend my Treasure <o <7tee.] Brunette's great work, the

Sieti raccomandato '1 mio Tesoro.

■57() NOTES.

So (iiiistu do* Coiiti, in liis liflhi IM;iiio, Son. " Oorhi: ''
Siavi lacfoinniaiuliito il niio Tcsoro.


V. :^8. Giinhlrailn.'] OnaMrada was tlio daiislitrr of Bollinoiono Berti,
of whom mention is iiiado in tlie rarndise, Canto XV. and XVI. Ho
was of the fainily of liavi^nani, a hninc-h of the Adimari. Tlie Kmpcror
Otho IV. heinu' at a festival in Florence, wlieie (Inaldrada was i)resent,
was struck witli her l)oant.v ; and inqtiirinLC who she was, was answered
by Helliiicione, that she was the dansliter of one wlio, if it was his
Majesty's pleasure, would make her admit the honour of his salute. ( )ii
oveVhearinsc this, she arose from her seat, and blushin;?, in an animated
tone of voice, desired her father that lie would not be so liberal in his
ofTers. for that no man should ever be allowed that freedom, cxoejit him
who should l)e her lawful husband. The Emperor was not less deli.uhted
\)y her resolute modesty than he had before been by the loveliness of
her person, and callins'to him (Inido, one of his barons, gave her to him
in niarri.age, at the same time raisim^ him to the rank of a count, and be-
stowing on lier the whole of Casentino, and a part of tlie territory of
Romnuna, as her portion. Two sons were the offspring of this union,
Giiglielmo and Iluguieri, the hitter of wliom was father of Guidognerra,
a man of great military skill and jirowess ; who, at the liead of four
iiundred Florentines of the Gueliih ])arty, was signally instrumental tv>
the victory obtained at IJenevciito by Charles of Anjou, over ]Manfredi,
King of Naples, in 12()5. One of tlie con.sequences of this victory was
the expulsion of the Ghibellini, and the re-establishment of the Guelfi at

V. ?>Vi. Mitny n nnhle act.'] Comjiare Tasso, G. L. c. i. st. 1.

V. 42. AldohramU.] Tegghiaio Aldobrandi ^^as of the noble family of
Adimari, and ninch esteemed for his military talents. He endeavoured
to dissuade tlie Florentines from the attack which they meditated against
the Siennese, and tlie rejection of his counsel occasioned the memorable
defeat wliich the former sustained at Montaperto, and the consequent
banishment of the Guelfi from Florence.

V. 45. Rnsticnrcl] Giacopo Rusticucci, a Florentine, remarkable for
his opulence and the generosity of his spirit.

V. 70. Borsiere.'] GuglielmoBorsiere, another Florentine, whom Boc-
caccio, in a story which he relates of him, terms " a man of courteous
and elegant manners, and of great readiness in conversation." Dec.
Giorn. i. Nov. 8.

V. 84. When thou icith pleasure shall retrace the pasf]
Quando ti giovera dicere io fui.

So Tasso, G. L. c. xv. st. 38.

Quando mi giovera narrar altrui.
Le no vita vedute, e dire; io fui.

V. 121. Ever to that truth.'] This memorable apophthegm is repeated
by Luigi Pulci and Trissino.

Senipre a quel ver, ch' ha faccia di menzogna
E ])iii senno tacer la lingua cheta,
Che spesso senza colpa fa vergogna.

Morgante Mafjr;. c. xxiv.i

nKT,L. B77

Ln, verity, olie par niPnsop;nfi,
Si dovrebbe tacer dall' iiom ch' e sassio.

Italia Lib. c. xvi.


V. 1. The fell monster.'] Fraud.

V. 53. A povch.'] A purse, wlieieon the armorial beariiips of each were
emblazoned. According to Laiidino, our poet imiflies tliat the usurer
can jjretend to no other honour, than such as he derives from his i)urse
and his family.

V. 57. A yellow purse.'] The arms of the Gianfij^Iiazzi of Florence.

V. 60. Another.] Those of the Ubbriachi, another Florentine family
of high distinction.

V. 62. A fat and aztn-e s^cine.] The arms of the Scrovigni a noble
family of Padua.

V. (kj. VitaUano.] Vitaliano del Dente, a Paduan.

V. 69. That noble l-night.] Giovanni Bn^amonti, a Florenthie usurer,
the most infamous of Ids time.


V. 28. With vs beyond.] Beyond the middle point they tended the
same way with us, but their ]ince was quicker tlian ours.

V. 29. F'eji thus the Bomans.] In the year l.SOO, Pojie Boniface VIII.,
to remedy the inconvenience occasioned by the pre. - s of peoi)le, who were
passing over the bridge of St. Angelo duiing the time of the Jubilee,
caused it to be divided lengthwise by a imrtition, and ordered, that all
those who were going to St. Peter's should keep one side, and thuse re-
turning the other.

V. 50. Venedico.] Venedico Cacciaidniico, a Bolognese, who prevailed
on his si.ster Ghisola to prostitute hejsclf to Obizzo da Este, Marquis of
Ferrara, whom we have seen among the tyrants. Canto XII.

V. 62. To answer S'i])i\.] He denotes Bologna by its situation between
the rivers Savena to the east, and Reno to the west of that city; and by
a peculiarity of dialect, the use of the affirinative s/pa instead of si.

V. 90. Ilypsipijle.] See .\pollonius Rhodius, 1. i. and Valerius Flaccus,
1. ii. Hypsipyle deceived the other women by concealing her father
Thoas, when they had agreed to put all their males to death.

V. 120. Ahssio'.] Alessio, of an ancient and consideiable family in
Lucca, called tlie fnternnnei.

V. 130. Thais.] He alludes to that passage in the Eunnchus of Terence,
wliere Tliraso aslcs if Thais was obliged to him for the present he h;id
sent her, and Gnatho replies, that she had expressed her obligation in
the most forcible terms.

T. Magiias vero agere gratias Thais mihi ?

G. Ingentes. Evn. a. iii. b. i.


V. 18. Saint .John's fair dovfie.] The apertures in the rock were of
the same dimensions as the fonts of St. .John the liajilist at Florence, one
of which, Dante says, he had broken, to rescue a child that was jilayiug

878 N(>TKK.

near iind foil in IIo iiitimatos tli;it tlio inotivo of liis biciking tlic font
liail been iiiulieioiisl.v rciirosuiited by liirf enemies.

V. Tio. O I lit)) >/<«■('' !] Tiie spirit niist:il<cs D.into for P.oiiifape VIII.
who was thou ahve, and wiio he did not expect wmild have arrived so
Boon, in conscinience, as it sliouUi seem, of a propliecy, whicli predicted
tlic death of that I'ope at a later i)criod. Koniface died in II'-O.'!.

V. 58. /u guile.'] " Tlum didst presume to arrive by fraudulent means
at th<! papal power, and afterwards to abuse it."

V. 71. jiithe niii/htif nxiiille I icas rob'd.] Nicholas III. of the Ortdni
family, whom the poet therefore calls " figliuol deir or.sa," " son of the
she-bear," He died in 1281.

V. <S!). Fromfirrtli the west, a shrphrrd-\i'ithovt lav;.'] Bcrtrand de Got,
Archbishop of Bonrdeaux, who su<'ioed(d to the pontificate in i;505, and
asstnned the title of Clement V. He transferred the holy see to Aviynou
in loOS (where it remained till 137(5), and died in 1314.

V. 88. A nev) J«.s))i.] See Maccabees, b. li. c. iv. 7, 8.

V. 97. Nov Peter.] Acts of the Apostles, c. i. 26.

V. 100. T/ic eoiKicmned sdjil.] Judas.

V. 10.">. Af/ainst Cliaiies.] Nicholas III. was enraged af];ainst Charles I.
King of Sicily, beciiuse he rejected with scorn a proposition made by
that Pope for an alliance between their families. See G. Villani, Hist.
1. vii. c. liv.

V. lOli. Th' Eranrjeli'ft.] Rev. c. xvii. 1, 2, 3. Compare Petrarch. Opera,
fol. ed. Basil. 1554. Epist. sine titulo liber, ep. xvi. p. 72!).

V. 118. Ally Constantine .'] He alludes to the pretended gift of the
Lateran by Constantine to Silvester, of which Dante himself seems to
imply a doubt, in his treatise " De Monarchia." — "Ergo scindere Im-
periiim, Imperatori non licet. Si ergo aliquae dignitates per Constau-
tinura essent alienat;"e ^ut dicunt) ab Imperio," &c. 1. iii.

The gift is by Ariosto very humorously placed in the moou, among the
things lost or abused on earth.

Di varj tiori, &c. 0. F. c. xxxiv. st. 80.

Milton has translated both this passage and that iu the text. Prose
Works, vol. i. p. 11. ed. 1753.


V. 11. Eevers'd.] Compare Spenser, F. Q. b. i. c. viii. st. 31.

V. 30. Be/ore -whose eyes.] Amphiaraiis, one of the seven kings who
oesJeged Thebes He is said to have been swallowed up by an opening
of the earth. See Lidgate's Storie of Thebes, Part III. where it is told
how the " Bishop Amphiaraiis " fell down to hell.

And thus the devill for his outrages,
Like his desert payed him his wages.

A different reason for his being doomed tlius to perish is assigned by

o S' 'An'jiidpTqi, &c. 2fem ix.

For thee, Amphiaraiis, earth.
By Jove's all-riving thunder cleft,
Her mighty bosom ojien'd wide,
Thee and thy plunging steeds to hide,
Or ever on thy back the spear
Of Periclymenus impress'd

A wound to shame thy warlike breast :

For struck witli panic fear
The gods' own children flee.

V. 37. Tiresias.]

Duo magnoruni viridi eoeuntia sylva
Corpora serpentiini bacilli violaverat ictu, &c.

Ovid. Met. 1. iii.

V. 43. Arnns.^ Aruns is said to have dwelt in the mountains of Luni
{from whence that territory is still called Liinigiana), above Cairnni.
celebrated for its marble. Lncan. Phars. 1 i. 575. So Boccaccio, in the
Fiaminetta, 1. iii. " Quale Arunte," &c. "Like Aruns, who amidst the
white marbles of Luni, contemplated the celestial bodies and their

V. 50. Manto.'] The daughter of Tiresias of Tliebes, a city dedicated to
Bacchus. From Jlanto, JLantua, the country of Virgil, derives its name.
The Poet ]iroceeds to describe the situation of that jjlace.

V. 61. Beticeen the vule.'\ The lake Benacus, now called tlie Lago di
Garda, though liere said to lie between Garda, Val Camouica, and the
Apeuniue, is, however, very distant from the latter two.

V. 6o. There is n spot.'] Prato di Fame, where the dioceses of Trento,
Verona, and Brescia met.

V. 69. Pesrhierrt.] A garrison situated to the south of the lake,
where it empties itself and forms the JNIincius.

V. 94. Casnlodi's mddness.] Alberto da Casalodi, who had got pos-
session of Mantua, was persuaded by Pinamonte Buonacossi, that he
might ingratiate himself with the jieople by banishing to their own
castles the nobles, who werg obnoxious to them. No sooner was this
done, than Pinamonte put himself at the head of the po[)ulace, drove out
Casalodi and his adherents, and obtained the sovereignty for himself.

V. 111. So sings my tragic strain.]

Suspensi Eurypilum scitatum oracnla Phcebi

Mittimus. Virg. JEneid. ii. 14.

V. 115. Michael Scot.] Sir Michael Scott, of Balwearie, astrologer to
the Emperor Frederick IL lived in the thirteenth century. For further
particulars relating to this singuhir man, seeWarton's History of English
Poetry, vol. i. diss. ii. and sect. ix. p. 292, and the Notes to ]\Ir. Scott's
"Lay of the Last Ministrel," a poem in which a happy use is made of
the traditions that are still current ia North Britain concerning him.
He is mentioned bj' G. ViUani. Hist 1. x. c. cv. and cxli. and I. xii. c.
xviii. and by Boccaccio, Dec. Giorn. viii. Nov. 9.

V. 116. Gvido Bonatti.] An astrologer of Forli, on whose skill Guido
da Montefeltro, lord of that place, so much relied, that he is rejwrted
never to have gone into battle, except in the hour recommended to hin
as fortunate by Bonatti.

Landino and Vellutello speak of a book which he composed on the
subject of his art.

V. 116. Asdente.] A .shoemaker at Parma, who deserted his business
to practise the arts of divination.

v. 123. Cain ivithfork of thorns.] By Cain and the thorns, or what is
still vulgarly called the Man in the Moon, the Poet denotes that lu-
minary. The same superstition is alluded to in the Paradise, Canto IL
52. The curious reader may consult Brand on Popular Antiquities, 4to.
1813. vol. ii. p. 476,

380 ' NOTES.

CANTO xxr.

V. 7. In the Vcnrthnia' an^cnfd.'] Compare Riu'cellai, Le Api, 165, and
Dryrlt'irs Aiiiiiis Miialiilis, st. 1 Hi. &c.

V. .'57. Oih; "/ Smitd Zilu's cl'lcrx.] The elders or chief iiiagistrates o(
Lucca, wlierc Santa Zita was held in esjiecial veneration. The name o(
this sinner is snpi)ose<l to have been Mnitino Botaio.

V. 40. Exrcpl lliDituro, htirti rcrs.] Thi.s is said ironically of 15ontui'o
de' Dati. ISy bartarrs are meant peciilntois, of every description ; all
who trallic the interests of tlie luiblic for their own private advantage.

V. 48. 7s other sivimmiuc/ than in Servhio's ivave-l

Qui si niiota altrinienti clie nel Serchio.
Serchio is the river that flows by Lucca. So Piilci, Morg. Masf. c. xxiv.
Qui si nnota nel sangne, e non nel Serchio.

V. f)2. From Caprona.] The surrender of the castle of Capron.a to the
combined forces of Florence and I^ucca, on condition that tlie garrison
should march ont in safety, to which event Dante was a witness, took
place in 1290. See (J. Villain, Hist. 1. vii. c. 136.

V. 109. Yesterdui/.] This jjassage fixes the *ra of Dante's descent at
Good Friday, in the year l."00 (34 years from our blessed Lord's incar-
nation being added to 1206), and at the thirty-fifth year of our poet':}
age. See Canto I. v. 1.

The awful event alluded to, the Evangelists inform us, happened "at
the ninth hour," that is, our sixth, when "the rocks were rent," and
the convulsion, according to Dante, was felt even in the depths in Hell.
See Canto XIL 38.


V. 16. In the church.] This proverb is repeated by Pulci, Morg.
Magg. c. xvii.

V. 47. Born in Navarre's domain.'] The name of this peculator is said
to have been Ciampolo.

V. 51. Tlie good king TJiibavlt.] " Thibanlt I. King of Navarre, died
on the 8th of June, 1233. as much to be commended for the desire he
showed of aiding the war In the Holy Land, as reprehensible and faulty
for his design of opi)ressing the rights and pi'ivileges of the churcli, on
which account it is said that the w hole kingdom was under an interdict
for the space of three entire years.- — Thibanlt undoubtedly merits praise,
as for his other endowments, so especiallj- for his cultivation of the lib-
eral arts, his exercise and knowledge of music and poetry, in which he
go much excelled, tliat he was accustomed to compose verses and sing
them to the viol, and to exhibit his poetical comjwsitions publicly in his
palace, that they might be criticised by all." Mariana, History of
Spain, b. xiii. c. 9.

An account of Thibanlt, and two of his songs, with what were prob-
ably the original melodies, may be seen in Dr. Burney's History of
Music, v. ii. c. iv. His poems, which are in the French language, were
edited by M. I'Eveque de la Ravalliere. Paris. 1742. 2 vol. V2mn. Dante
twice cpiotes one of his verses in tlie Treatise de Vulg. Eloq. 1. i. c. ix
and 1. ii. c. v. and refers to him again, 1. ii. c. vi.

From " the good king Thibanlt" are descended the good, but more
unfortunate monarch, Louis XVI. of France, and consecpientiy tlie

HELL. 381

present louitiniute sovereign of tliat realm. See TTcnault, Abrcge Cliioii.
1252, 2, 4.'

V. SO. Tlie friar Gomita.'] He was entrusted Ly Nino de' Visconti
witli tlic government of (Jallnra, one of tlie four jurisdictions into wliicli
Sardinia was divided. Having his master's enemies in his jiowcr. lie
toolc a hribe from tliem, and allowed them to esoai)e. Mention of Nino
Avill recur in tlie Notes to Canto XXXHI. and in the rmgatory, Canto


V. 88. Michel Zanche.] Tlie president of Logodoro, another of the
four Sardinian jurisdictions. See Canto XXXHI.

CANTO xxni.

V. 5. jF.nop's fable.'] The fable of the frog, who offered to carry the
mouse across a ditch, with the intention of drowning him, when luith
were carried off by a kite. It is not among those Greek Fables Avliich go
under the name of yEsop.

V. 6.'!. Moiil's in Volofpie.] They wore their cowls unnsiially large.

V. ()(). Frcdeiick's.] The Emperor Frederick H. is said to have pun-
ished those who were guilty of high treason, by wrajiping thciii up in
lead, and casting them into a furnace.

V. 101. Our bonnets (/lecmiiiif/ hrif/hl with orange hue.'] It is observed
by Ventiiri, that the word "ranee" does not liere signify "rancid or
disgustful," as it is exphiined by the old commentators, but "orange-
coloured," in which sense it occurs in the Purgatory, Canto IL 9.

V. 104. Joyoiisfrictrs.] " Those who ruled the city of Florence on the
part of the Ghibillines, perceiving this discontent ancl murmuring, which
they were fearful mifiht produce a rebellion against themselves, in order
to satisfy the people, made choice of two knights, Frati Godenti (joyous
friars) of Bologna, on whom they conferred the chief iiower in Florence,
one named M. Catalano de' Malavolti, the other M. Lodeiinj^o di Lian-
dolo ; one an adhei'ent of the Guelph, the other of the Ghiljelliiie party.
It is to be remarked, that the Joyous Friars were called Knights of St.
Mary, and became knights on taking that habit : their robes were white,
the mantle sable, and the arms a white field and red cross with t/ivo
stars : their office was to defend widows and orphans ; they were to act
as mediators ; they had internal regulations like other religious bodies.
The above-mentioned M. Loderingo was the founder of that order. But
it was not long before they too well deserved the ajipellation given
them, and were found to be more bent on enjoying themseh es than on
any other subject. These two friars were called in by the Florentines,
and had a residence assigned them in the palace belonging to the jieople
over against the Abbey. Such was the dejjendence placed on the
character of their order, that it was expected they would be impartial,
and -would save the commonwealth any unnecessary expense •. instead
of which, though inclined to opposite parties, they secretly and hyjio-
critically concurred in promoting their own advantage rather than the
public good " G. Villani, b. vii. c. 13. This happened in 1'2(3(!.

V. lib. Gardinc/o'.s vicinage.] The name of that part of the city which
was inhal)itcd by the iiowerfiil Ghibelline family of Uberti, and de-
str(>ye<l under the partial and iniquitous administration of Catalano and

v. 117. That pierced spirit.] Caiaphas.

382 NOTES.

V. 124. 'llm father of Ms consort ^ Annas, fatlicr-in-law to Caiaplias.
V. 14(). lie is a liar.] John, e. *iii. 44. Dauto had perhaps heard
this text Iroiu oue of the pulpits in lioloyiia.


V. 1. In the year's early nonar/e.] "At the latter part of January,
when the sun enters into Aquarius, and the cipiinox is drawiii,;; near,
when the hoar-frosts in the morning often wear the appearance of snow,
but are melted hy the risinsj sun."
V. 51. Vanquish (hy tveariness.]

Quill corpus onustum
Hesternis vitiis aninuiui quoque pnrgravat iinS.,
Atque aftigit huiui divinai particulani aurse.

Ilor. Sat. ii. 1. ii. 78.
V. 82. Of her sands.] Compare Lucan, Phars. 1. ix. 703.
V. 92. Heliotrope.] The occult properties of this stone are described
by Solinus, c. xl. and by Boccaccio, in his humorous tale of Calandrino.
Desani. G. viii. N. 3.

In Chiabrera's Ruggiero, Scaltrimento begs of Sofia, who is sending
him ou a perilous errand, to lend him the heliotrope.
In mia man fida
L' elitropia, per cui possa involarmi
Secoudo 11 mlo talento agll occhi altrui.

c. vi.
Trust to my hand the heliotrope, by which
I may at will from others' eyes conceal me.
Compare Ariosto, II Negromante, a. 3. s. .3. Pulci, Morg. Magg. c.
XXV. and Fortiguerra, Ricciardetto, c. x. st. 17.

Gower, in his Confessio Amantis, lib. vii. enumerates it among the
jewels iu the diadem of the sun.

Jaspis and helitropius.
V. 104. The' Arabian phcenix.] This Is translated from Ovid, Metam.

1. XV.

Una est quse repar.it, seque ipsa reseminat ales, &c.

See also Petrarch, Canzone ;

" Qua! piu," &c.

V. 120. Vannl Fiicci.] He is said to have been an illegitimate off-
spring of the family of Lazari in Pistoia, and, liaviug robbed the sacristy
of the church of St. James iu that city, to have charged Vauiii della
No'ia with the sacrilege, in consequence of which accusation the latter
suffered death.

V. 142. Pistoia.] " In May 1301, the Bianchi party of Pistoia, with
the assistance and favor of the Bianchi who ruled Florence, drove out
the Neri party from the forii;er place, destroying their houses, palaces,
and farms." Giov. ViUaiii, Hist. 1. viii. c xliv.

V. 144. From Valdimar/ra.] The commentators explain this propiieti-
cal threat to allude to the victory obtained by tlie Marquis Marcello
Malaspiua of Valdiuiagra (a tract of country now called the Lunigiaua),
who put himself at the head of the Neri, and defeated their oi)poiients,
the Bianchi, in the Cumpo Piceno near Pistoia, soon alter the occurrence

HELL. 383

related in the preceding note. Of tliis ens'isenieiit I find no niention in
Villani. Currado Malaspina is introduced in the cislith (Janto of the
Pnrgatory ; where it ujipears tliat, althoit„'li on the present occasion
tliey esponsed contrary sides, st)nie iuij)ortant favours were ne\'ertlieles8
conferred hy tiiat family on our poet at a subsequent period of his exilo
in 1307.


V. 1. The Smner.'] So Trissino.

Poi facea con le man le fiche al cielo
Dicendo : Togli, Iddio ; che puoi piii farmi ?

L'llal. Lib. c. xii.
V. 12. Tliy seed.] Thy ancestry.
V. 15. Not hiiii.'] Capaneus. Canto XIV.

V. 18. On Muremma's marsh.] An extensive tract near the sea-shoro
in Tuscany.
V. 24. Cams.] Virgil, ^n. 1. viii. 193.

V. 31. A himdved blozvs.] Less than ten blows, out of the hundred
Hercules gave him, had dejirived him of feeling.

V. 39. C'ianfa.] He is said to have been of the family of Donati at
V. 57. Thus up the shrinlcinfj paper.]

— All my bowels crumble up to dust.
1 am a scribbled form, drawn with a pen
Upon a parchment ; and against this fire
Do I shrink up.

Shakspeare, K. John, a. v. s. 7.
V. 61. Af/nello-] Agnello Brunelleschi.
V. 77. In that part.] The navel.
V. 81. As if by sleep orfev'rous fit assail'd.]
O Rome ! thy head
Is drown' d in sleep, and all thy body fev'ry.

Ben Jonson's Catiline.
V. 85. Lncan.] Phars. 1. ix. 706 and 793.
V. 87. Or id.] Metain. 1. iv. and v.

T. 121. Jlis sharpenhl visaf/e.] Compare Milton, P. L. b. x. 511, &c.
V. 131. Buoso.] He is also said to have been of the Donati family.
V. 1.38. Sciancato.] Puccio Sciancato, a noted robber, whose faniily,
Venturi says, he has ]iot been able to discover.

V. 140. Gaville.] France.-co Guercio Cavalcante was killed at Gaville,
near Florence ; and in revenge of his death several inhabitants of that

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