1286-1296 (John Romanus) York (Province). Archbishop.

The register of John Le Romeyn, lord archbishop of York, 1286-1296 (Volume 2) online

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''Ibid., p. 151. whom the king had appointed to
^Reg. Wickwane, no. 776 and Reg. receive the pension due from the

Romeyn, no. 1459. elect's chamber by reason of his new

^Reg. Romeyn, no. 1493. creation (C. C. i?., 1296-1302, p. 37).
"C. P. R., 1292-1301, p. 185.


the council of the regency during the king's absence in
Flanders, prevented him leaving the country.i Although
the king wrote asking that Newark should be consecrated in
this country as travelling was dangerous and his services were
needed at home, 2 the pope was very loath to accept Newark's
excuses. It was not till some ten months later (March 11,
1296-7) that Boniface viii appointed Newark to the vacant
see.^ The bull says this was done to please the king, but
there can be little doubt it was in consequence of bribes to

The news was announced in Parliament on June 20, and
the next day Newark paid fealty for the temporalities of his
see.^ On the day following (June 22), John de Lythegreynes
and Malcolm de Harle, the escheators north and south of
Trent, were ordered to deliver them to the archbishop. ^

Another nine months elapsed before a commission
(Feb. 9, 1297-8) was issued to the bishops of Durham and
Carlisle to consecrate him.'^ It is very difficult not to
connect this delay with a faculty granted by the pope in the
previous December to the archbishop's proctors at the
Curia, Adam of Driffield, canon of Ponteland, in Northumber-
land, and Roger de Mar, rector of Whixley, to borrow 5,500
marks for the payment of the archbishop's expenses at

The bishop of Carlisle, John of Halloughton, did not act,
probably being engaged in Scotch affairs on the Border, so
Anthony Bek, bishop of Durham, summoned to aid him in
the consecration Walter of Langton, bishop of Lichfield, who
was still master of St. Leonard's Hospital, York, Leoline of
Bromfield, bishop of St. Asaph, and Robert Macdonagh,
bishop of Cork. The ceremony was performed in York
Minster on the third Sunday after Trinity (June 15), 1298.

^Reg. Newark, nos. 317, 322, and 20li, and to Matteo Rubeo Orsini of

Chronicon Henrici Knyghton, i, 360. SOU (Reg. Newark, no 298). For the

2/?t'g. Newark, no. 284. letter of thanks to the pope from

^C. P. L., i, 569. According to the the archbishop for his provision, see

information sent to Newark from ibid., no. 285.

Rome, his election was quashed ^Reg. Newark, no. 281.

because he had not come to Rome, ^C. P. R., 1292-1301, p. 254.

and he was provided to the arch- ''C. P. L., 1, 574. It is mentioned

bishopric on March 4 (Reg. Newark, here that Newark's election was

no. 278). unanimous. The pallium was

■•Pensions were granted to Car- granted at the same time,

dinals Bernard de Goth of 100 ^Ibid.
marks (no, 286), John Monachus of


The pallium was at the same time delivered to the newly
consecrated prelate. i

The archbishop's short reign was full of trouble. The
nave of the cathedral had fallen down, and the manors of
the see in Northumberland, from which no small portion
of its revenue was derived, had been destroyed by the Scots. ^
The scandal of intruding aliens had in no wise diminished.
The pope had provided his relative, Francesco Gaetani,
cardinal of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, to the next void
parsonage or dignity in the church of York. By Newark's
elevation to the primacy the deanery became void and as
such was claimed by Gaetani. The chapter, however, had
at once elected William of Hambleton, the archdeacon of
York, in Newark's stead, and though the archbishop from
fear of the pope did not confirm the election, Hambleton got
into possession. 3 On hearing this defiance of his authority
the pope sent a most peremptory summons to the archbishop,
the archdeacon, and subdean of York, to appear before him
within three months .* The archbishop asserted that he
had never received any notice of this citation, and begged to
be excused going on account of pressure of business, old age,
and physical infirmity.^ The king, too, wrote a letter^ of
remonstrance to the pope, pointing out the harm which
would be inflicted on the church of York by the prolonged
absence of the dean, in consequence of which the distribution
of alms in certain parishes, namely Pocklington and Pickering
with their parochial chapels, and Kilham, of which the
deanery consisted, would cease. Hambleton, who had been
elected by an unanimous vote, was one of the king's clerks,
and had served him faithfully for many years. Ultimately
the pope was obliged to peld. The cardinal resigned the
deanery, and on March i6, 1299-1300, the pope provided
Hambleton to it. As a consolation, Gaetani was to receive
the next void dignity at York.''

Newark's tenure of office was brief, only one year seven
weeks and three days. He must have been an old man and
in infirm health all the time.^ He was seriously ill at
Cawood on July 27, 1299,^ and lingered on till August 15,
the feast of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin. His

^Reg. Newark, nos. 312, 313. ^C. C. R., 1296-1302, p. 294.

^Ibid., no. 308. See also no. 193. ^C. P. L., 1, 586.

^Reg. Newark, no. 300. ^Reg. Newark, no. 303.

*C. P. L., 1, 580. 9" Gravi infirmitate detentus "

^Reg. Newark, no. 303. {Ibid., no. 271).


body was taken from Cawood to York, and buried in the

By his will archbishop Newark left an important legacy,
confirmed by letters patent, March 28, 1300,2 namely, an
ordinance with the consent of the chapter, that the proceeds
of future buildings on a plot of land in Hull, belonging to the
archbishopric, and then void but for one messuage built
thereon, should be apphed to the maintenance of four
chaplains to celebrate divine service daily for the souls of the
king, queen, and archbishops of York, namely one chaplain
in each of the chapels of the manors of the archbishopric,
Cawood, Burton, and Wilton, to be appointed by the
archbishop, or by the dean and chapter in voidance of the
see ; and one chaplain at the altar of St. William in York
Minster, to be appointed by the dean and chapter, or the
chapter in voidance of the deanery. Each chaplain to
receive loos a year by the hands of the archbishops, out of
the rents of the houses to be constructed, to be paid on
voidance of the see to the keepers of the archbishopric.
The confirmation was granted " for the king's affectionate
remembrance of his labours."

Newark's episcopate was so brief, and his register is so
imperfect, that there are hardly sufficient materials from
which to form any sure judgment of his character. From
the numerous commissions on which he sat, on secular as
well as clerical matters, he must have been looked on as a
good man of business, probably what we would now call a
very safe man.

Newark's register, like that of archbishop Romeyn, has
been lately bound in citron morocco. It was used as the
register for Sede Vacante till 1564. It is a stout volume of
698 folios, of which Newark's portion reaches to fo. 55d.
These are here printed, as well as folios 56-66, being the
Sede Vacante after his death. The size of the Newark
portion is 12 x 8 in., and that of the Sede Vacante 13 x 8 in.
The following are interpolations, folios 4, three unnumbered
folios between 7 and 8, 12, 14, 20, 23, 24, 26, 27, 28, 31,
32, 33, 35> 36, 42-49> 5i, 53, 54, 57, 60, 63, 64, 65. Large
portions of the register are missing. Nothing has survived
of the parts relating to the archdeaconries of York and
Cleveland. Richmond, which as usual is very brief, is
perfect, but the East Riding and Nottingham are only

^Hist. of the church of York, ii., 410. ^C. P. R., 1292-1301, p. 533.


fragmentary. What remains makes us regret what has
perished. The entries in the surviving portions give a very
favourable idea of the care with which the register was kept.
No example of Newark's archiepiscopal seal is known to

The editor has again to thank the same friends who assisted
in the preparation of the first volume. Mr. A. V. Hudson,
the archbishop's registrar, has again permitted him to have
free access to the York registers, and has thus enabled him to
carry forward his task of transcribing later registers, those of
archbishops Corbridge and Greenfield, part i, and a
considerable portion of part ii. Mr. G. G. Coulton has been
most helpful in solving points of special difficulty, especially
in extending unusual abbreviations. To Mr. A. Hamilton
Thompson, F.S.A., this volume owes a very large portion of
such merits as it may possess. Only a small part, however,
of his help has been directly acknowledged.


P. 5, 1. 21. For detensione read detencione.

P. 13, no. 1 142, 1. 3. For Brante Saraceni read Branta

P. 17, no. 1153, 1. 4. For 1294-5 read 1293-4.

P. 25, last line. Feb. 7, 1295-6. Order to the sheriff of
Yorkshire to restore his goods to John de Levyngton, clerk,
which had been seized for harbouring William his son, a
felon, as he had proved his innocence before the archbishop
(C. C. R., 1288-1296, p. 475).

P. 23, note I. Theobald of Bar held in addition to the
preferment here mentioned the church of Pagham in Sussex,
a peculiar of the see of Canterbury, to which he was presented
by the king. Archbishop Winchelsey's opposition to this
presentation led to his excommunication by the pope in 1301
{Chronicles, Edward i and Edward ii (Rolls Series), i, p. xxxiv).

P. 25, no. 1174. The two cardinals arrived in London on
the morrow of the commemoration of St. Paul (July i), 1295.
They had been sent to arrange a peace between France and
England, and were to receive six marks a day from the
religious houses in the country, and if these were unable to
pay the amount, the sum was to be levied from the parish
churches {Ihid. i, p. cxxix).

P. 29, 1. 6. Insert the brother 0/ before Bernard.

P. 34, 1. 5. In dicto festo (scilicet Omnium Sanctorum),
(1294), recessit a seculo solemnis nomine, sed non conversa-
tione, Bovo de Clare, non satis, ut dicitur, claro fine et
merito, quippe qui innumeras occupaverat ecclesias, et
male gubernaverat eas quas Christus suo commercio
adquisierat, nam curalis exercens ordines non curavit, curam
animarum exsufflavit, proventus ecclesiarum dilapidavit, nee
tanti reputavit Christi sponsam ut de proventibus propriis
haberet ecclesia necessaria indumenta Integra et munda,
quemadmodum per plura probari posset prophana exempla,
ex quibus unum commemorabo verbi gratia. In solemni
ecclesia de Symundeburne, cui praefuit, conspexi, die sancto
Paschae, loco tabulae supra majus altare, virgulas contextas


et recenti fimo bourn limatas, cum tamen taxetur ecclesia ad
septingentas marcas. Insuper tarn prodigus et petulans
extitit, ut quadrigam matronalem inauditi operis antiquae
reginae Francise miserit pro jocalitiis, totam videlicet
eburneam tarn bigam quam rotas, et quae deberent esse
ferreamenta omnia erant argentea usque ad minimum
clavum, operimenta ex auro et serico usque ad minimam qua
trahebatur restem, pretio, ut dicitur, trium librorum
sterlingorum, sed scandalo mille milium {Chronicon de
Lanercost, i, 158). For an account of the way in which Bogo
de Clare neglected his duty in the diocese of York, see Reg.
Wickwane, p. 286.

P. 44, note, col. 2, 1. I. For Two Thirteenth Century
Assize Rolls (Surtees Soc, cxxii), read Miscellanea, ii, (Surtees
Soc, cxxvii).

P. 49, no. 1226, 1. 6. This document has been printed in
the Priory of Hexham (Surtees Soc), ii, 103.

P. 59, note 2. Mr. A. Hamilton Thompson suggests that
Killeford may be Clynnog fawr in the old deanery of Arvon.
An Englishman, hearing the word imperfectly, might very
well write it down as "Killeford," "Killyvore," or some such
form. Anything is possible with people who made Worthen
into Wrlin {Reg. Wickwane, pp. xxvi, 318). The church
was a valuable one : the tenth in the Valor Ecclesiasticus is
reckoned on a net value of 2411 ; and it was one of the few
churches in Wales an English clerk would think it worth his
while to snatch up.

P. 64, no. 1274, 1. I. For Jan. 3 read Jan. 5.

P. 77, no. 1319. July 16, 1294. Mandate to the sheriff
of Yorkshire to restore to Thomas de Etton of Haysthorpe,
his lands, goods and chattels, which were taken into the
king's hands upon his being charged with the harbouring of
Lawrence de Hortheworthe, a felon, before the justices in
eyre in that county, as he has purged his innocence before
J., archbishop of York, his diocesan, to whom he was delivered
in accordance wdth the privilege of the clergy, as the king
learns by an inquisition, that he caused to be made afterwards
by the sheriff of that county and by the coroners, that
Thomas was never a public or notorious evil-doer {Cal. of
Close Rolls, 1288-1296, p. 358).

P. 79, no. 1327A. " Citacio contra priorem et conventum
de Hextildesham super eo quod non habent vicarios in suis
ecclesiis institutos." It relates to the churches of Hex-


tildesham and Alwenton. {The Priory of Hexham, ii, io6).i

P. 82, no. 1341. This document has been printed in the
Records of the Northern Convocation (Surt. Soc, 113), p. I2.

P. 83, no. 1342. The successor of bishop Henry, Thomas
of Kirkcudbright, made his profession to archb. Corbridge
in 1302 ill identical terms (Reg. Corbridge, fo. 3i7d).

P. 83, note, col. I, 1. 14 from bottom. The bishop of
Whithorn, who was consecrated in 1255, was called Gilbert
{Historians of the Church of York, iii, 148). It was, however,
Henry, formerly abbot of Holyrood, who made his profession
of obedience in 1282 to archbishop Wickwane.

P. 84, note, col. I, 1. 2. For treasury read table.

P. 85, no. 1343. This document and no. 1344 have been
printed in the Records of the Northern Convocation, pp. 13, 14.

P. 102, 1. 10 from bottom. After et insert in quibus
moram fecerit, que, dum per ea transierit seu.

P. 112, no. 1384, margin. For Durham read Carlisle.

P. 115, 1. I. Insula is doubtless the Isle of Axholme.
Gerlethorpe is Garthorpe, in Luddington parish (Lines.), not
far from Adlingfleet. — A. H. T.

Ibid., no. 1388. In festo omnium Sanctorum (Nov. i),
1293, dilectus Dei antistes ex hac luce recessit, Henricus
Galwicensis ; cui successit magister Thomas de Daltoun,
consecratus apud Ripoun in festo assumptionis beatissime
Virginis (Aug. 15) {Chronicon de Lanercost, i, 154).

P. 122, 1. 20. Administracio. so in the MS., more correctly

P. 126, note I. Kirkchrist was an ancient parish, now
included in that of Twynholm. The old churchyard still
exists, and is sometimes used.

P. 175, no. 1542. This list of cardinals must have been
drawn up about Feb. 15, 1288, the date of the consecration of
pope Nicholas iv, when he created his first batch of cardinals.
The cardinal, whose name has been obliterated, is Bernard
Berardi, who succeeded the pope in the see of Palestrina.

Ibid., no. 1543. See vol. i, 366, note i.

P. 175, no. 1544. In Reg. Wickwane (no. 144) is a similar
writ dated, however, 14 Edward i, (1285-6). This is the
right date as Barneby was not admitted to Kirkburton till
March 31, 1282 {ibid.). From the king's itinerary either
date would suit. On March 19, 1281-2, he was at

iQn p. 106, 1. 10 from bottom, for quatinus. P. 107, 1. 2, for prcBposi-
provenerunt TQdid prnvcniunt. Ibid., turi Tea.d proposituri.
1. 7 from bottom, for quod read


Dunamanee, (Down Ampney, near Cricklade), and at Malmes-
bury on the 22nd. In 1285-6 Edward was at Quenington,
six miles from Down Ampney, on the iqth March, and
at Down Ampney itself on the 21st and three following days
(Henry Gough's Itinerary of King Edward the First, i, 129, ii, 3).

P. 176, no. 1546. " Circumspecte agatis " is the title of a
statute made 13 Edward i (1285), prescribing some cases to
the judges, wherein the king's prohibition lies not (Co well's

P. 177, no. 1547. This letter has been printed in Chronicles
Edward i and Edward ii (Rolls Series), i, xliv. The editor of
this work states that it is also given in Foxe's Acts and
Monuments (ed. Cattley), ii, 652.

P. 216, no. 44. Master Garin, Garrin, or Garric, proctor
of Theobald of Bar, is styled by bishop Stubbs {Chronicles
Edward i and Edward ii (Rolls Series), i, p. xxxv), Gerric de
Sago. In the Cal. of Patent Rolls (1292-1301, pp. 261, 572),
he is called Garricus or Gerricus de Fago.

P. 253, no. 171. The bishop of Hereford at this time
was Richard de Swinefeld, 1282-1317. He had been canon
of Hereford and archdeacon of London before his election as

P. 254. note I, 1. I. For Covenham read Codingham.

P. 273, no. 248. In Reg. Kempe, ff. Ii5-ii6d. is a docu-
ment relating to a suit brought by Sir Thomas Chaworth of
Wiverton, knt., and other parishioners from Wiverton,
against master John Carter, rector of Langar, who had
neglected and refused to supply a chaplain in the chapel of
St. Lawrence at Wiverton. The case was heard by master
Richard Tone, Dec. doc, by commission dated Scrooby,
Sept. 10, 1446 : on Nov. 10, 1447, he condemned Carter to find
a chaplain at his own costs and keep the chaplain's house in
repair. Thomas Wodecote, rector of Langar, Oct. 16, 1456,
granted a charter to Sir Thomas Chaworth and heirs for the
ministration of all sacraments and sacramentals, burials only
excepted, to all persons dwelling within the site of the manor
of Wiverton. This was confirmed by archbishop William
Bothe at Southwell, Oct. 19, 1456 (Reg. W, Bothe, ff. I94d.,
195). There is a book about Wiverton, A Cavalier Stronghold,
by the late Mrs. Chaworth Musters. The dining-room of the
present house has been made out of the vaulted gate-hall of
the 15th centur}' gate-house. I do not remember any
remains of the chapel of St. Lawrence. Langar is at some


distance, and Tythby church is, if anything, rather nearer. —
(A. H. T.)

P. 291, no. 284. The following corrections should be
made in the copy printed in Letters from Northern Registers,
p. 123, last line. For experiemur read experimur. P. 124,
1. I. Insert electo before providendo, and for sihi read sic.
Ibid., 1. 3, insert s before quas. Ibid., 1. 6. Insert longeva
after tempora.

P. 295. no. 294. No doubt Newark's connexion with the
order of Sempringham was due to the fact that the prior and
convent of St. Katherine's at Lincoln were the appropriators
of Newark church.

P. 296, no. 296, 11. 9-12. Mr. A. Hamilton Thompson
suggests the following translation of this somewhat involved
passage : — You (whom I had never served), when by reason
of [my] slight and out of date acquaintance of the affair, I
was in a manner about to perish in my confusion, rushed
with your prodigious kindness to the rescue and wisely put
right my lapse. If 'p'itur'' is taken as periturus, this makes
the sense all right, though perituri is preferable, i.e., ' to the
rescue of one about to perish,' as the sense goes with
presidium and not with the parenthetic cut nunquam
servieram, but it is clear the insufficient knowledge of the
affair was the archbishop's, not the cardinal's.

P. 307, no. 310. It is uncertain whether the day is 17 kal.
Junii or 17 kal. Julii, but as the archbishop is still only elect
and the document is dated in Notts, it must be the former
month. He was at Scrooby at 10 kal. Junii, 1298 (no. 24).
On 17 kal. Julii, the day of his consecration, he was at
York. He was at Bishopthorpe on the ides of June (no. 25).
Peter of Savoy, the dean of Salisbury, was beneficed in York
Minster. See Reg. Ronieyn, nos. 1106, 11 14. He was
archbishop of Lyons, 1308-1332.

P. 309, no. 316. Wyon is Wyham, seven miles N.W. of
Louth. See Rotuli H. Welles (Cant, and York Soc. ), iii, 143,
where it is called Wyun, and Rotuli R. Grosseteste, 50, 86
(Wihun), 74, 92 (Wyhum). The identification of this
vicarage of Wyhame, Wyham {Welles, i, 53, 116), as Wyham
is wrong : it is Wytham-on-the-Hill near Bourn, which
belonged to Bridlington priory. — (A. H. T.)

P. 3i8«, col. 2. Master Wilham Segini del God, king's
clerk, canon of Wells, was presented by the king to the
church of Manchester on June 20, 1296. (C. P. R., 1292-1301,
pp. 189, 190).






II20. 8 kal. Marcii (Feb. 22, 1290-1). Suwelle. Magistris fo. 102.
Geffredo de Vezano, sedis apostolice nuncio, et Johanni de to Geoffrey
Luca, canonico London., salutem et graciam Salvatoris. fncrfohn°de
Si quoddam sequestrum in bonis domini Percevalli racione Lucca°about
prebende sue Ebor. interpositum fuerit, idem non est per ^equestra-
nos, set per nostrum capitulum Ebor., ad instanciam gooVo/'''
forsitan sentenciatoris ;2 et similiter in prebenda sua Rypon', EfvannL!*"
ad instanciam illius cui papa illam contulit, positum est
sequestrum. Et licet sicut inter vos, magistrum J., et nos
dudum apud Patrington' bona fide condictum extitit quod,
ad procuracionem vestram, domini cardinalis executores
ipsms defuncti citra Pascha futurum nos certificare deberent,
an idem defunctus ad elemosinas dandas in parrochiis
capelle nostre Ebor. juxta ordinacionem antiquam et ad
arreragia earum teneretur subtracta, nichil super hoc
omnino nobis hactenus rescripserunt. Ob reverenciam,
tamen, ipsorum sequestrum nostrum in fructibus anni
preteriti 3[ejusdem capelle interpositum relaxamus et
litteras Gradi Pini de Pistoria vobis mittimus, qui vobis
respondeat de perceptis ; rogantes et vos in Domino
exhortantes quatenus de dictis elemosinis] et earum
arreragiis, et aliis que in dicta Capella iminent defectibus,
sic velitis salubriter ordinare quod id ad honorem Dei et

1" Memorandum quod omnes being nos. 1120-1127. are here

Uttere vj numero suprascripte infra printed in their chronological place
annum quintum, intitulate in ^Sententiator, the same as senten-

margme A., B., C, D., E., et F., tiarius, "qui sententias judiciarias

deberent registrar! in principio excribit, scriba."
hujusanm, set fuit error scribentis." 3The passage in brackets from

ine documents with these letters the margin.


salutem anime ipsius defuncti utmam cedere valeat, et vos
apiid Deum exinde promereri possitis ; attendentes quod
circa premissa omnia ad exoneracionem nostri hic et coram
Deo vestras consciencias oneramus. Valete.
„ , TH . II2I. 9 kal. Aprilis (March 24, 1290-1). Cavvode.
ot^rSe-. Revocation, in obedience to apostolic letters, of the sentence
of excommunication promulgated by the archb. against
Master Thomas de Correbrig', sacrist of the Chapel, bee
no. 1103A. ^ „ J

,He.chb. II22. 10 kal. Aprilis (March 23, .^f ^-^)- ^^^.^^f^
dcvlS' Venerabili viro, amico kanssimo, magistro Getlreao ae
rxcus"g"° Vezano, sedis apostolice nuncio. Litteras vestras per
'oTtind'ns magistrum J. deLuca, canonicum London., nobis exhibitas,
autumn' vidimus ct coutcnta in eis examinavimus diligenter, parati
St^-Vf''^ vobis et sibi in omnibus que petistis favorem quern
hddt'tt poterimus absque offensa justicie pronis viscenbus exhibere.
de'tl'vani.^:' Verum, quia idem magister J., extra tenorem litterarum
vestrarum aliqua superaddens, nobis exposuit asserendo
quod intencionis vestre et sue existit ut omnes fructus
et proventus autumpni preteriti, ad sacristiam spectantes,
vobis et sibi, executorum domini Percevalli procuratonbus,
in eorum cederemus favorem, eidem diximus, veraciter
respondentes, quod hec in absencia sacriste qui nunc est,
sen saltern ilhs quorum interest non vocatis, contra justiciam
hecnequimus inpresenti facere, nee debemus. Set docto
nobis quod dicti fructus ad ipsum Percevallum de con-
suetudine, vel speciali indulto, aut ahas debeant pertmere,
vobis et sibi in hiis, obtentu dictorum executorum, vocatis
qui fuerint vocandis, favorem, quantum secundum Deum
et justiciam poterimus, impendemus, nee per hoc ecclesie
nostre Eboracensi accrescet aUquid vel decrescet, quo-
cumque fructus predictos per justiciam evincente.
York 1123. II kal. Aprilis (March 22, 1290-1). Wylton .

Mandate to the dean and chapter of York to publish the
excommunication promulgated in the provincial Council at
Beverley against all persons, saving the king and his children,
who should infringe the liberties of their church.
John son 1124. 4 nonas Maii (May 4, 1291). Hextildesham.
f Sir Mandate to the same to provide, in accordance with apostohc
coTump'na.'' letters. Sir J., son of Sir Landulph de Columpna, to the
next vacant canonry and prebend, " una de majonbus,

Online Library1286-1296 (John Romanus) York (Province). ArchbishopThe register of John Le Romeyn, lord archbishop of York, 1286-1296 (Volume 2) → online text (page 5 of 47)