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DURHAM

Library Association*



Shelf 1^ 0^\

Book :^sj"\5^

Volume VV '

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Received

Cost

Accession No. (c?^.%..^..



T



HE



GRANITE



MONTHLY



NEW HAMPSHIRE

MAGAZINE:



®4»ofeb to &ittxAtmt, ^istet^, Anb ^tciti Optosttss.

VOLUME III.

VOLUME XIII (Old Series).




CONCORD, N. H. :
JOHN N. McCLINTOCK, Editor and Publisher.

REPUBLICAN PRESS ASSOCIATION.



1890.



K)

G75q
V.I J



CONTENTS OF VOLUME III,

(Second Series.)



Hon. Joseph C. Moore, A. M., M. D. John N. McClintock, A. M
Historical Address. Frederick Chase .

John Calfe. His Horn

On Rum Hill. Laura Garland Carr

About Pictures and Faces. Fred Myron Colby

The Kebellion

My Lord Bangs. Author of " The Widow Wyse"
The Greatest of the Indians. John Fiske.
Love's Messenger. Helen Mar Bean ....
Bessie Beaumont. A Novel. E. M. G. and J. N. M. .
Valentine & Co. Virginia C. Hollis ....
The Cradle Spirit's Tale. Cecil Hampden Cutts Howard

John M. Mitchell

Edward Dow

Address at Grand Army Fair, Claremont. Frank H. Brown

Ebenezer Lock. Benjamin L. Bartlett

The Departure. Mary H. Wheeler

Literary Mention ....

Horace Way Gilman. Rev. J. G. Armstrong, Ph. D., L. L. D

Bessie Beaumont. Chap. HI ....

The School House Flag. George Bancroft Griffith

Newcastle and the Piscataqua ....

A Morning Shower. By Clarence H. Pearson

Nathan R. Morse

Popular Summer Resorts in New Hampshire

My Lord Bangs. Author of " The Widow Wyse"

Address by Charles H. Bartlett

To Lake Winnipesaukee. Walter S. Peaslee

Hon. George A. Bingham. (Portrait.) James R. Jackson, Esq.

An Old-Time Minister. Mrs. Mary C. Cutler

Lawyers of Goffstown. Hon. David A. Taggart

Rev. Cyrus W. Wallace, D. D. Rev. John E. Wheeler

Lawyers Omitted in History of Belknap County Bench and Bar.

Hon. E. A Hibbard

My Lord Bangs. Author of " Widow Wyse"
The Writing on the Wall. Virginia C. Wallace

Frank Smith. (Portrait.)

The Little Contessa. Emma C. Kummel

Helen and Menelaus. Fred Myron Colby

Pure Life Insurance. Hon. Sheppard Homaus

The Abandoned Farms of New Hampshire. J. B. Harrison

The Advocate and his Influence. Hon. Charles H. Burns

Argument of Ex-Gov. David H. GoodeU

Open Letter. Hon. Samuel Upton ....

The Discovery of America by the Northmen. Rev. Edmund

Lethe. Alice Frieze Durgin .....

Note

Hon. Jacob H. Gallinger, M. D. John N. McClintock .

The Moffatt Whipple Mansion. Fred Myron Colby

White Park, Concord. Charles Eliot, Landscape Architect

Hon. Frederic Chase. Prof. E. R. Ruggles

Editorial ....

Literary Mention

Governor Hiram A. Tuttle

Hon. Charles H. Amsden

Evening Song. Mary H. Wheeler

Governor's Council

New Hampshire Senate, 1890-91

New Hampshire House of Representatives, 1890-91

Editorial



F. Slafter



D. D.



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(^'sae*





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THE




RANITE neNTHLY.

A NEW HAMPSHIRE MAGAZINE.
IDevoted to Literature, biography, History, and State Progress.



Vol. III. (New Series.) JANUARY, ) „

FEBRUARY, ( ^^90-



Vol. XIII.



Nos. I, 2.



HON. JOSEPH C. MOORE, A. M., M. D.

By John N. McClintock, A. M.



Joseph Clifford Moore, second sou
of Dr. D. F. and Frances S. (Clif-
ford) Moore, was boru in Loudon,
August 22, 1845.

Of bis paternal ancestors Mr.
Theodore Roosevelt, in his lately
published book, " The AVinning of
the Great West," writes, —

" The backwoodsmen were Ameri-
cans by birth and parentage, and of
mixed race ; but the dominant strain
in their blood was that of the Pres-
byterian Irish — the Scotch-Irish as
they were often called. Full credit
has been awarded the Roundhead and
the Cavalier for their leadership in
our history ; nor have we been alto-
gether blind to the deeds of the Hol-
lander and the Huguenot ; but it is
doubtful if we have wholly realized
the importance of the part played by
that stern and virile people, the Irish,
whose preachers taught the creed
of Knox and Calvin. These Irish
representatives of the Covenanters
were in the West almost what the
Puritans were in the North-east, and
more than the Cavaliers were in the
South. Mingled with the descend-



ants of many other races, they never-
theless formed the kernel of the
distinctively and intensely American
stock who were the pioneers of our
people in their march westward, the
vanguard of the army of fighting set-
tlers, who with axe and rifle won their
way from the Alleghanies to the Rio
Grande and the Pacific.

"The Presbyterian Irish were
themselves already a mixed people.
Though mainly descended from Scotch
ancestors — who came originally from
both lowlands and highlands, from
among the Scotch Saxons and the
Scotch Celts — many of them were of
English, a few of French Huguenot,
and quite a number of true old Mile-
sian Irish extraction. They were the
Protestants of the Protestants ; the}'
detested and despised the Catholics,
whom their ancestors had conquered,
and regarded the Episcopalians, by
whom they themselves had been
oppressed, with a more sullen, but
scarcely less intense, hatred. The}'
were a truculent and obstinate peo-
ple, and gloried in the warlike renown
of their forefathers, the men who



Hon. yoscph C. Moore.



had followed Cromwell, and who had
shared iu the defence of Derry and
in the victories of the Boyue and
Angliriiri.

"■They did not begin to come to
America in any numbers till after the
opening of the eighteenth centnry ;
bv 17.jO they were fairly swarming
across the ocean, for the most part
in two streams, the larger going to
the port of Philadelphia, the smaller
to the port of Charleston. Pushing
through the long-settled lowlands of
the sea coast, they at once made
their abode at the foot of the
mountains, and became the outposts
of civilization. From Pennsylvania,
whither the great majority had come,
they drifted south along the foothills,
and down the long valleys, till they
met their brethren from Charleston,
who had pushed up into the Carolina
back countr}'. In this land of hills,
covered by unbroken forest, they
took root and flourished, stretching
in a broad belt from north to south,
a shield of sinewy men thrust in
between the people of the seaboard
and the red warriors of the wilder-
ness. All through this region they
were alike ; they had as little kinship
with the Cavalier as with the Quaker ;
the West was won by those who have
been rightly called the Roundheads
of the South, the same men who,
before any others, declared for Amer-
ican independence."

Referring to this passage, the
editor of The Indei^endent makes the
following comment :

'' This is fine writing. It is equally
good history, and introduces the
reader at once to the hardy popula-
tion who, with the Bible in their
hands and their own stern ideas of



personal independence, could do no
other thing than they did in founding
a democracy that was American from
the start and to the core.

" So in the ' History of Ten-
nessee : The Making of a State,'
by James Phelan, his clear recog-
nition of the Presbyterian Scotch-
Irish as the path-finders and way-
openers, and of the influence of their
stern Calvinism on the whole future
development of the country, deserves
careful notice."

One stream of this great tide of
Scotch-Irish migration, striking Bos-
ton in 1719, was diverted by Gov-
ernor Samuel Shute to Londonderry.
In that company came Aiken, Bell,
Blair, Campbell, Cochran, Christi,
Dinsmore, Gilmoor, Goffe, Hum-
phrey, McFarland, McKean, McNeil,
Moore, Morrison, Nesmith, Reid,
Rogers, Stark, Stewart, Taggart,
Thompson, Todd, Wilson, and many
others whose descendants " have not
been without honor in their own coun-
try."

The new town, located in a fertile
region, soon became of importance.
Farms were cleared ; new crops were
introduced ; and many new enter-
prises were inaugurated. The town
filled up, and an exodus into the
wilderness commenced. Amoskeag
falls offered sport for the fisherman,
but the soil in the neighborhood was
poor. Pressing on, in parties large
and small, they made their stand in
the valley of the Suncook, on the
hillsides in Pembroke, and along the
banks of the Contoocook.

James Moore, probably a son of
William Moore, of Londonderry, set-
tled at the north end of Pembroke
street about 1 730. In those primitive



Hon. yoscph C. Moore.



times the Moores were a prolific race.
Had the family increased in the same
ratio as did that of James Moore of
Pembroke for at least three genera-
tions, and from analogy there is no
good reason to think that they did
not, there wonld have been in the
present or seventh generation 1492
thousand males of the name, and as
many more of the gentle sex, scat-
tered from Maine to the Gulf of
California. As a matter of fact, his
descendants, although perhaps not so
numerous as suggested, have made
their way up the Merrimack and
Pemigewasset valleys, over to the
Connecticut, up the Amonoosuc, into
the Coos country, into Vermont, into
Canada, and have increased and mul-
tiplied until not a state or territory
of our Union is without a representa-
tive of the Moore family.

They are good stock. The family
have furnished fighters as well as
frontiersmen. Colonel Samuel Moore
led a regiment to the brilliant cap-
ture of Louisburg ; Captain Daniel
Moore commanded a company in
Stark's regiment at Bunker Hill ;
John Moore was his second lieuten-
ant ; one was a ranger with Rogers.
One of Mr. Moore's ancestors partici-
pated in the battle of Lexington. His
grandfather was Archelaus Moore,
a thrifty and well-to-do farmer of
Loudon. His father. Dr. David Fifield
Moore, the well known homoeopathic
physician, was for many years one
of the foremost physicians of central
and northern New Hampshire. He
was born in Loudon, April 2, 1815.
In 1855 he settled in Lake Village,
whore he continued to reside until his
death, February 15, 1888. He con-
tinued in the active practice of his



profession, in which he was remark-
ably successful, until within a few
years of his death, when failing
health caused a suspension of his
work. He was a worthy citizen, and
one who held a high place in the es-
teem of his fellow-townsmen. In his
profession he was ever ready to re-
spond to the call of distress, and the
success which crowned his labors was
beyond that usually attained. Al-
though he was of a quiet and unob-
trusive disposition, and never sought
public life, yet, nevertheless, he had
been accorded various positions of
trust and responsibility. He was
much attached to professional duties,
and at one time was president of the
New Hampshire Homoeopathic Asso-
ciation, and also president of the Bay
Side Cemetery Association of Lake
Village. In the latter he was par-
ticularly active in its interests, being
one of the first to secure and push
forward its completion. A notice-
able feature of his funeral was the at-
tendance of a large number of repre-
sentative men of Gilford and Laconia,
mingling with the bereaved family in
token of respect not only to them, but
in memory also of a much respected
citizen and departed friend.

Dr. D. F. Moore had a good voice,
in his prime, and was a very pleasing
singer, as well as an eloquent public
speaker.

On his mother's side, Mr. Moore
is a descendant of a fine old New
Hampshire family. John Clifford,
then an old man over 70 years of
age, was a resident of Hampton in
1680.^ A branch settled in Gilman-
ton, in the last century, and there
his mother was born.

His mother, Frances Susan Clifford,.



1 See McCIintock's History of New Hampshire.



Hon. yoscph C. Moore.



was the daughter of Joseph and Cla-
rissa (Clifford) Clifford, aud the

granddaughter of David and

(Gilman) Clifford, of Gilmanton.
Her father, Joseph Clifford, was a
farmer, and for forty years made an
annual pilgrimage to Brighton, Mass.,
with a herd of cattle raised by him-
self and his neighbors. He was much
respected by his fellow-townsmen as
an honest and upright man, and rep-
resented the old town of Gilmanton
in the legislature. In her youth
Mrs. Moore was noted for her beauty judgment, and honest purpose



of person and character. In her de-
clining years, she is noted for her
charity and benevolence.

Mr. J. C. Moore is a good represent-
ative of the combination of old New
Hampshire and Scotch Irisli stock.
The accompanying portrait fairly de- the enterprise not only developed a
lineates his features. His two score remarkably rapid, but a sound and
and five years have dealt lightly with healthy, growth. Exercising good

business judgment and methods, he



ber, 1879, when he became interested
in the Manchester Union., he contin-
ued to follow his profession with
untiring industry and gratifying suc-
cess. His practice extended over a
wide section, and involved long hours
and much arduous travel. During
this time he was active in general
business enterprises.

^ Mr. Moore began his journalistic
career without the benefit of any
special training whatever, but brought
to the work a clear, cool head, ripe

It
was early apparent that he possessed
that rare quality, the newspaper
faculty. Careful, prudent, cautious,
and conservative by nature, he applied
that faculty with constantly increas-
ing shrewdness and wisdom, so that



him ; and his face is unwriukled with
care. He is a large and tall man,
over six feet in height, urbane in his
manners, and, as some of his ardent
admirers express it, the best how-



successfully maintained the financial
standing of the paper, notwithstand-
ing the excessive demands of a
rapidly growing plant. In shaping
the tone and conduct of The Union.,



ever, as he is a modest man, withal,

and still youthful, it may be as well he li^s uniformly aimed to give it a



to spare his blushes.

Mr. Moore was educated as a phy-
sician. His early educational advan-
tages were obtained in Lake Village,
to which place his parents removed
when the lad was ten years of age.
There he attended the public schools.
Having pursued a course of medical
training at the New York Medical
College, he returned to his home in
Lake Village, in the town of Gilford,



character for independence, integrity,
and respectability, advancing it on
the true line of progressive modern
journalism. He is a ready editorial
writer on political and general topics,
eschews the ornamental and descrip-
tive, and goes straight at the meat
of a matter in a plain and direct
style. His methods are convincing,
as well as terse and vigorous.

^ Mr. Moore has always taken a



and in 186G entered upon the prac- warm and active interest in politics,

tice of medicine in partnership with "ot from the selfish motives of the

his father. office-seeker, but as an ardent believer

For thirteen years, or until Novem- i^i and a stanch supporter of a

1 History of Belknap County.



Hon. 'Joseph C. Moore.



sound, sterling, and progressive De-
mocracy. At the state election of
1880 he was elected a member of the
state senate from the Sixth or Win-
nipesaukee Senatorial District, and
filled his seat with credit to himself
and to his constituency- He intro-
duced and was chiefly instrumental
in securing the passage of the meas-
ure which created the present state
hoard of health. Always under self-
command, easy and agreeable in
manner, he proved to be valuable in
legislative work, and was invariably
relied upon to release the senatorial
body when sharp conflict of opinion
led it into a jangle.

In 1888, Mr. Moore was sent as a
delegate from New Hampshire to the
Democratic National Convention, and
did good service on the committee on
resolutions.

In politics, Mr. Moore is a Demo-
crat. He believes in that party, called
into existence by the genius of
Thomas Jefferson, sustained by
Andrew Jackson, and supported in
New Hampshire in by-gone years by
such men as William Plumer, Levi
Woodbury, Isaac Hill, Samuel Dins-
moor, senior and junior, Franklin
Pierce, and Edmund Burke, which
would entrust the government of the
people to the people, and which, with
the motto "Free trade and sailors'
rights," fostered American commerce,
encouraged emigration, and extended
the bounds of the republic. He
stands very high in the confidence and
in the councils of his party and his
party's leaders.

In January, 1885, lie was unani-
mously chosen president of the New
Hampshiie club, an organization com-



prising the leading business and pro-
fessional men of the state, and
shortly after accompanied it on its
memorable excursion through many
of the Southern states. As the presi-
dent of that club he was broad and
liberal, seeking only to develop its
interests and to extend its influence.

Dartmouth college, at the June
commencement, 1884, conferred upon
him the degree of A. M.

Mr. Moore retains his residence at
Lake Village, with his aged mother.
He is married, but has no children.
Since the expiration of his senatorial
term, his time has been given almost
exclusively to business matters and
the conduct of the Union.

He was chosen president of the
People's Fire Insurance Company at
its organization, and holds the office
still. He is president of the Burton
Stock Car Company, located at Wich-
ita, Kansas, where the company has
a large plant, and gives employment
to at least four hundred workmen.
He is the leading spirit in the owner-
ship and management of a large ho-
siery mill at Lake Village. He is
also interested in several other busi-
ness enterprises, in connection with
which he holds positions of trust and
responsibility.

In manner Mr. Moore is easy and
agreeable, and is favored with an ex-
cellent address and an attractive per-
sonal presence. In business affairs
he is careful and conservative, and at
the same time enterprising. Honoi-able
and just in his transactions, he enjoys
the confidence and respect of business
men. He is now in the vigor of his
powers, with the promise of a useful
and successful future before him.



Historical Address.



HISTORICAL ADDRESS

At the reopening of the College Church in Hanover, October 26, 1889.^

By Frederick Chase.

It was cynically remarked by the designed had already existed a quar-

wisest of men, that "there is no re- ter of a centnry. We are told that

membrance of the wise man more than its earliest services were sometimes

of the fool, for that which now is shall held, even in winter days, under the

in the days to come all be forgotten." unclouded canopy of heaven.

The truth that this statement con- But in those days the college was

tains will, nevertheless, weigh upon the village, and a place for the church

him who attempts to rescue our local was speedily found in the college

antiquities from oblivion. It is sad building that stood on the south-east



to recall the long list of learned and
courtly men, many of them not un-
known to fame in their day, and the
accomplished and charming women,
who were wont in the past to dignify
and grace these pews, but whose



corner of the Green.

About 1774 the village, as Dr.
Wheelock tells us with pardonable
pride, had grown to eleven comfort-
able dwellings, and in that year the cit-
izens, thirteen in number, subscril)e(l



names, if I were to rehearse them now, -£30 ($100) to enlarge the building



would bring from the most of my
hearers not an answering ray of re-
cognition. A similar fate we must,
ere long, expect for ourselves.

But tiiere are some things that by



then devoted to a college chapel,
situated near the pump on the com-
mon, to serve the joint use of all.
In this, the famous old ''College
Hall," were held not only the services



sturdy survival lift themselves out of of the church, but an important series



the fading past, and, taking on new
life, now and then serve as a bond of
union between successive generations.
This edifice is one of these. And on



of secular meetings which came near
changing the political relations of
the whole upper Connecticut valley.
Through defects of construction and



this joyful occasion of its latest, let neglect this building fell into decay,



us hope not its last, renovation, I am
asked to tell vou something of its his-
tory, on its 94th birthdav.

This Meeting House — for such is
its proper and ofHcial style — was pro-



aud was abated as a nuisance by the
students at the close of the year 1789.
This coup iVetat on their part com-
pelled the erection of a new college
chapel in hot haste. The expense



jected in the early part of the year was £300 (SlOOO.) The college was
1794, and with appropriate ceremo-
nies dedicated to the worship of God
on the 13th day of December, 1795.
The church for whose use it was



hopelessly in. debt, and funds were
wanting. In this emergency, about
thirty gentlemen of the village came
forward with a contribution of £70,



' The church edifice had been, daring four mouths, thoroughly renovated, within and without, at an
expense of some $10,000, mainly by the generosity of Hiram Hitclicocli, Esq. It furnishes now one of the
finest speciiupiis of an old colonial interior to be seen in New England.



Histo rica I A d dress .



for wlneli, until repaid, they enjoyed
privileges in the new chapel similar
to those they had in the old. In fif-
teen years the village had increased
three-fold.

That building, too, by force of cir-
cumstances, opened its doors to assem-
blies not of a religious character — to
the exercises of Commencement, of
course; and in 1795 the New Hamp-
shire legislature, then of wandering
hal)its, held there its annual session,
and inaugurated with great pomp the
governor of the state, Mr. Gilman,
of Exeter. The chapel stood in the
college yard, a little away from the
south-west corner of Dartmouth Hall,
and vvas lemarkable chiefly for its
acousti(; pro[)erties. A whisper or the
tick of a watch in either corner, thanks
to the arched ceiling, could be dis-
tinctly heard in the corner diagonally
opposite, a distance of more than 60
feet. As college chapel, the building
served its purpose till 1828, when a
team of forty yoke of oxen drew it
away, and it was degraded to a barn,
which only within a few years past
has ceased to exist.

But the wonderful growth of col-
lege and village in the last decade of
the century made better accommoda-
tions for public occasions indispensa-
ble ; and in February, 1794, a confer-
ence of citizens, held at the dwelling
of Humphrey Farrar (now Mrs. Wain-
wright's), formulated plans for the
house where we now are. About a
dozen families had been added to the
population within four years. Presi-
dent Dwight, who took Hanover in
his route of travel in September, 1797,
speaks of about forty houses, sev-
eral of them, however, to his surprise,
'' ragged and ruinous." Wealth had



certainly increased, for the compara-
tively large sum of £1,500 (*5,000)
was raised for this object without
serious difficulty.

A minimum value was fixed on the
. pews according to dignity, and in
April, 1794, privileges of choice were
offered by auction at the inn of Gen.
Brewster (afterwards the •• Dart-
mouth Hotel"). You will, no doubt,
be interested to know that the pew
first chosen was No. 1, the front pew
on the east side of the middle aisle.
This was valued at £30 (SlOO), and
fetched a premium of $40 besides,
from Ebenezer Woodward, a merchant
and general factotum, who lived in a
low house on the crest of the hill
east of Rollins chapel. The second
choice fell to General Brewster, who
selected a wall pew at the north end
east of the pulpit ; and the third to
Richard Lang, who likewise took a
wall pew near the front on the western
side. President Wbeelock and Profes-
sor Woodward chose seats on the
middle aisle, a little back from the
front. The pew contiguous to the
pulpit on the western side was re-
served for the pastor's family, and
was so occupied in my boyhood. The
preacher himself was from that i)oint,
I believe, wholly invisible.

The mode of payment stipulated
was one not unusual at that period.
One half was to be in cash as needed,
and the remainder in beef, pork,
grain, lumber, and labor at fixed
prices. Labor was estimated at 3/6
(58 cents) a day, the workman pro-
viding his own *•' victuals and drink."
The means were wholly furnished
by individuals, but with the under-



Online Library1884 numbers of the Bay state monthlyBe the first and subjects of first 10 volumes and List of porThe Granite monthly, a New Hampshire magazine, devoted to literature, history, and state progress (Volume 13) → online text (page 1 of 35)