2d session United States. 45th Congress.

Memorial addresses on the life and character of Lewis V. Bogy, (a senator from Missouri,) online

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Online Library2d session United States. 45th CongressMemorial addresses on the life and character of Lewis V. Bogy, (a senator from Missouri,) → online text (page 1 of 7)
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Mr. COCKRELL. Mr. rrcsidcnt, according to notice previ-
ously given, it now becomes my sad duty formally to announce to
the Senate the death of ray late colleague, Hon. Lewis Vit.\i,
Bogy, and to ask of the Senate the present consideration of the
following resolutions as a mark of respect to his memory :

Resolved, That the Senate has received with profound sorrow tlicannouncrnicnl
of tlie death of Hon. Lewis V. Bogy, late a .Senator of tlie United .Stiitcs from tlio
State of Missouri.

Resolved, That, as a mark of respect to the memory of Hon. Lewis V. Bogy, tlio
business of the Senate be now suspended, tliat his former associates may pay projier
triljute to his public and private virtues.

Resolved, That, as a further mark of respect for the memory of the deceased, the
members of the Senate will wear the usual badpcc of mourning for thirty days.

Ordered, That the Secretary communicate these resolutions to the House of Rei>-

The resolutions were unanimously agreed to.



Address of Mr. COCKRELL, of Missouri.

Mr. President: At eleven o'clock in the forenoon of September
20, 1877, at liis family residence, in the city of Saint Louis, sur-
rounded by liLs loving, weeping family and devoted, grief-stricken
friends, Hon. Lewis Vital Bogy, in the sixty-fifth year of hi.s
age, departed this life, calmly, painlessly, and in the possession of
all his faculties, thus yielding another victorj' to death, the con-
quering hero of the human family.

Again is manifested infallible proof of the truth of the divinely
ins2)ired words, " It is appointed unto men once to die."

LeaV'IS Vital Bogy was bom on the 9th day of April, in the
year 1813, in Sainte Grcnevieve, now in Sainte Genevieve County,
Missouri, and was a descendant of the early French pioneers who
came to that region of country when it belonged to France.

His father, Joseph Bogy, was born in Kaskaskia, Illinois, and
removed to the then Missouri Ten-Itory in 1805, and settled in
Sainte Genevieve, then an important town, and married Marie
Beauvais, the daughter of Vital Beauvais, and mother of Lewis
Vital Bogy.


Mr. Joseph Bogy was jjrivate secretary to Governor Morales
under the Sjjanish dominion over that country, and when Missouri
was organized as a Territory became a member of the territorial
Legislature, and after Missouri was admitted as a State in the
Union became a member of the State Legislature and filled many
other positions of trust and confidence.

In the early youth of Lem'is V. Bogy the French was the lan-
guage sjjoken by all the iuliabitauts of his town, and educational
advantages were very limited. Very few persons of this day, born
and reared under our present well-organized and widely-spread
system of public schools, academies, colleges and universities every-
where accessible, can realize or appreciate the many obstacles and
inconveniences which then beset the pathway and frustrated the
eiforts of the youth to obtain an education. Under innumerable
difficulties and disadvantages Lewis V. Bogy prosecuted his edu-
cation in such schools as were then accessible in that new countrj',
manifesting that indomitable will and perseverance which yield to
no obstacles however formidable. About 1822 he attended a school
in his native town tauglit by John D. Grafton, from Connecticut.
He was then sent to a Catholic school in Perryville, now in Perry
County, Missouri, taught by a Swiss, where he remained until
attacked by a "white swelling" which confined him to his bed for
some eighteen months. He was skillfully treated by Dr. Lewis F.
Linn, afterward United States Senator from Missouri, who died on
October 31, 1843, while Senator. Dr. Linn was a Senator in the
same line or class in which Mr. Bogy afterward liecame a Senator.

During this confinement he read constantly, and thus made rapid
j)rogress. He was afterward a clerk in a store at a salary of $200
per year, tinder a contract to take out in trade one-half of that
salary. ])y frugality in his liabits and economy in expenditure he


managed to purchase books and study elementary law, and begin
the study of Latin. On January 16, 1832, a young man, with
limited education and means, he left his home under charge of ]\Ir.
William Shannon, an old friend of his father, to go to Kaskaskia,
Illinois, to read law in the office of the late Judge Nathaniel Pojic,
judge of the United States district court.

At or prior to this time he had formed the determination to con-
tinue the study of law and to return to his native State to practice
and to qualify himself to become United States Senator from his
native State, and to work for this position until he became sixty
years old. This determination was communicated to his mother in
a letter dated Januaiy 16, 1832. He lived to attain the goal of
his laudable ambition a few months before the end of his sixtieth
year. He studied law under Judge Pope till May, 1832. He
then volunteered as a private soldier in the war with the Indians,
known as the Black Hawk war, and participated in two hotly con-
tested engagements. Having served faithfully and gallantly to the
dose of that war, he returned to Kaskaskia and continued his
study of law. In 1833 he became a student in the law school at
Lexington, Kentucky, from which he graduated in 1835, with the
higliest encomiums, having devoted himself to his studies with the
most assiduous attention.

On April 1, 1835, he located in Saint Louis and opened a law
office and began his professional career.

By diligent and close attention to business, and earnest applica-
tion to study, he soon won distinction and eminence in his profes-
sion and secured a lucrative practice.

In 1840 he was elected a member of the General Assembly of
the State of Missouri, and, although among the youngest members,
if not the youngest, he was an efficient and useful member and


served with distinction. In 1849, having acquired large niciins by
liLs profession, he removed to his native county, Sainte Genevieve,
and was the anti-Benton democratic candidate for the Lesrislature
and was defeated.

Colonel Benton, having failed to secure his re-election to the
United States Senate at the next congressional election in 1852,
aimounced himself a candidate for Eepresentiitive in Congress.
JjEwis V. Bogy was nominated as his opponent, and although
defeated acquired prestige from his contest with the great Senator,
and at the succeeding election in 1854 was elected a member of the
General Assembly from his native county and served with marked
ability and distinction. In 1863, having returned to Samt Louis,
he was the democratic candidate for Congress against the late Senator
Francis P. Blair, jr., and Samuel Knox, and was defeated.

In 18G7 he was appointed by the late President Andrew Johnson
Commissioner of Indian Affairs, and discharged the duties ^vith signal
ability and fidelity for about six montlis, wlicn, not being confirmed
by the Senate, he retired from the office.

In 1873 he became a candidate for the United States Senate, and
having received the caucus nomination by a vote of C4 to 57 for
the late distinguished Senator, General Frank P. Blair, w;is elec;ted
over Hon. John B. Henderson, late United Stiites Senator, by a
majority of 59 votes, and became the successor of General Blair in
fhis body for the term from March 4, 1873, to March 3, 1879.
His career as a Senator in this body is familiar to most of the present

Colonel Bogy during his long career occupied a very conspicuoas
position among the ])ubli(! men of his State, and in addition to the
j)olitical ofGces named occupied many imiwrtant positions of trust
and li<iii(ir. He was j)residentof the Saint I^ouis and Iron Mount-


ain Railroad, president of the Exchange Bauk of Saint Louis,
commissioner of public seliools, member of the city council of Saint
Louis, and president of the city council, and, as such, acting mayor
iu the absence of the mayor.

The survivors of his family are his wife, Mrs. Pelagic Pratt
Bogy, daughter of the late General Bernard Pratt; his son, Joseph
Bogy, and his daughter, Mrs. Josephine Noonan.

The disease which terminated fatally first manifested itself in this
city during the last session of the Forty-fourth Congress, and the
executive session of the Senate, called upon its close, and was of the
character of a low malarial fever. After the adjournment of the
Senate iu ^larch, 1877, he returned to his home and continued to
grow worse. In August, 1877, he visited Colorado with the hope
of relief; failing, he returned to Saint Louis and grew steadily
weaker until he was forced to confinement in bed. A few days
prior to his death the rupture of an abscess of the under or posterior
surface of the liver occurred, and for a short time he seemed to
grow better when a marked change occurred indicating the rapid
approach of death.

Father Tallon, of Saint Laurence O'Toole's church, adminLstcred
to him the last sacraments of the Catholic Church, of which he Mas
an earnest member, and about 10 o'clock he went to sleep, and at
1 1 o'clock, Avithout a sign of pain he passed away as quietly and
calmly as if still sleeping.

The last sad rites were performed on Septeml)cr 22, 1877, and
his body was then interred in Calvary cemetery to await the resurrec-
tion morn.

Mr. President, this is the third time in the history of Missouri
that her Senator during his term of office has died, and these three
deaths have all occurred in the same line or class of Senators, which


began with Senator Barton. Mr. Alexander Bnckner, serving in
the term beginning Mareh 4, 1831, and ending March 3, 1837,
died in tlie year 1833, during the recess, and was succeeded by Dr.
Lewis F. Linn, who served out Mr. Buckner's term, and was his
own successor by two re-elections, for the terms ending respectively
March 3, 1843, and March 3, 1849, but died in the recess, on Oc-
tober 31, 1843. Mr. Bogy, in 1873, became a Senator in this same
class, and died September 20, 1877, during the recess.

Mr. Bogy from youth to death displayed an honorable ambition,
a strong will, an unyielding perseverance, and a lion-hearted cour-
age that never failed in the face of the strongest difficulty. In all
the relations of life he was " the born gentleman," courteous, gener-
ous, liberal, and warm-hearted.

As a son he was dutiful, affectionate, and considerate. As husband
and father he was kind, loving, patient, and tender, and doted witii
strong affection upon his wife and children.

It is in these sacred relations of life that the true character of
man is exemplified, and herein the late Senator Bogy stood pre-
cmiueut, and happily realized the truth of the beautiful lines:

Domestic happiness, tliou oniy Ijliss
Of Pariuliso tliat lias survived tlie fall !
Thou art the muse of virtue; in thine .arms
8he smiles, appearing as in trutli she is
Heaven-born and destined to tlie skies again.

As a citizen he was patriotic and devoted to the Constitution anil
form of Government, and labored earnestly and zealously for the
development of the material interests of his own great and rajjidly
growing city and State and of oiir \vhole country.

As a public official he recognized that he was the agent and ser-
vant of the people, and was laborious, diligent, and faithf"itl in the
discharge of every trust confided to him and of every obligation
imposed upon him.


When his eventful career drew to its inevitable close and the
labors of hLs life on earth were ended by the separation of soul and
body in temporal death, the people of his native State and of the
whole country justly felt and uttered the sentiment, "Well done,
thou good and faithful servant."

]Mr. President, I have often heard it stated upon this floor that
the Senate of the United States is a continuing body, perpetual in
existence, without end of days in law. This may be true as a legal
proposition and may tend to divert our attention from a stern fact
and an inexorable event, the uncertainty of life and the certainty of

It is therefore proper that we occasionally turn from the thrilling
and absorbing themes discussed in this body to contemplate the end
of all the living and to realize that —

Life is ever a vapor tliat appearctli for a little time and tlicii vanislicth away,

and that —

Man tliat is born of a woman is of few days and full of trouble. He comcth forth
like a flower and is cut down.

During my short term of service here, now less than tlu-ce years,
the Senate has been allied upon to saspend its business that we
might pay proper tribute to the public and private virtues of the
late Vice-President Henry Wilson, and of the late President and
United States Senator from Tennessee, Andrew Johnson, and of the
late Senator from Connecticut, Orris S. Ferry, and of the late Sen-
ator from West Virginia, Allen T. Caperton, and we now pay tlie
same tribute to my late colleague, Lewis V. Bogy, and to-morrow
we will pay the s;xme tribute to the late Senator from Indiana,
Oliver P. Morton. We are thiLS solemnly warned of the truth of
the divine utterance :

Set thine house in order: for thou shalt die, and not live.


It is the dictate of hotii religion and piiilcsopliy tliut we chcrisli
tiie memories of dcjjartcd brother Senators now quietly sleeping in
the scpulchcr, that universal and venerable teacher which declares
to iLS to-day the same trutlis which it has for fifty-eight centuries
past declared in all climes and in all tongues of the earth, to all
classes of people, to the king upon his throne, to the peasant in his
hut, to the wise and to the ignorant:

Our Uves are rivers gliding free
To tliat unfatliomed boundless sea,
Tlie silent grave.

The lessons which the sepulcher imparts impress us with the mo-
mentous interests which cluster around life, death, and eternity :

For none of us liveth to himself, and no man dieth to himself.

The " Slan of Calvary " has lighted the gloom of the scpulchcr
with the glories of his triumph. We can exclaim:

O, death, where Is thy sting?
O, grave, where is thy victory?

Address of Mr. Maxey, of Texas.

Mr. President: Lewis V. Bogy was born April 9, 1813, in
the Territory (now State) of Missouri, in the County of Sainte
Genevieve. He acquired the rudiments of an English education
in the .schools of the neighborhood, but in the main was educated
by his own exertions without an instructor.

He began the study of law in 1832 with Judge Pope, of Kas-
kaskia, Illinois, but suspended his studies to volunteer in the Black
Hawk war, and pnrticijiated in two engagements and was present
at the capture of Black Hawk. At the close of the war he resumed
his studies under Judge Pope, and in 1835 completed them at
Transylvania University, settled in Saint Louis, and began the


practice of law at the age of twenty-two years, without aid from
fortune or family influence.

With a robust constitution, temperate habits, a will to succeed,
energy, and strict integrity, he laid the foundation of fortune and
usefulness and rapidly rose in his profession. He served for a time
in the Legislature with credit, and occupied other positions of prom-
inence, among them commissioner of common schools, in his native
State. He was for a time president of the city council of Saint
Louis. His most important service to the State, and especially to
Saint Louis, was in effectively directing the public mind to the vast
importance of developing the wonderful deposits of iron ore in the
mountains south of Saint Louis, known as Pilot Knob and Iron

This he began in 1847, and soon drew the attention of sagacious
capitalists to this inexhaustible and rich ore. These beds were
remote from navigation, and there were then no railroads in that
direction. Through his indefatigable exertions companies were
formed and a railroad projected and completed from Saint Louis to
the iron deposits, giving a new impetus to its enterprise and greatly
increasing the city in wealth and population. The Saint Louis and
Iron jMountam Railroad luis within the last few years been jjushed
into Texas, and by it and connecting railroads Saint Louis now has
all-rail connection with the Gulf of Mexico at Gralveston.

He buUded better than he knew.

Mr. Bogy was one of the leading spirits in projecting and estab-
lishing the great iron founderies near Saint Louis, which have added
so greatly to the prosperity of the city. He lent his untiring energy
and influence to other enterprises of public advantage. He was a
public-spirited man ; one of the men to whom all look to head great


He was a splendid type of the rugged old men of the West, fast
passing away, who carved thriving States out of a wilderness.
Born in the Territory of Missouri soon after it passed from the
dominion of Spain to that of France, and then under the jurisdic-
tion of the United States, he lived to see the sparsely populated
Territory of his birth enter the Union as a State under a political
excitement never before reached in thLs country. He lived to see
that excitement disappear, and other and graver differences appear
and disappear, while his native State advanced in wealth and polit-
ical influence till it had reached, in his day, the very front rank of

Beginning hLs professional life in Saint Louis just when it was
emerging from a French trading-post into a prosperous town, he
lived to see it among the leading commercial cities of the Union,
with the great Mississippi at its base, spanned by the most splendid
bridge in the world.

Of the enterprise, progress, and prosperity of Missouri and her
great metropolis. Mi*. Bogy could well have exclaimed, "All of
which I saw, and a great part of which I was."

Mr. Bogy was appointed Commissioner of Indian Affairs in the
year 1867, and conducted the complicated business of that impor-
tant bureau with conspicuous intelligence and fidelity. I doubt if
any man was ever at the head of that bureau who so thoroughly
as he understood Indian affairs. This was the only office he ever
held under the Federal Government.

He was elected to the Senate by the Legislature of IMissouri, and
took his seat in this body March 4, 1873.

As a Senator he was honest, industrioas, careful in arriving at
his conclusions, and alive to every measure of national importance
while never forgetting that he was specially intrusted with what


specially concerned Missouri. He frequently took part in debate,
was a ready and fluent speaker, reasoned well, and showed without
effort that he had read and thought deeply. While unswerving iii
his party allegiance he was always courteoas in debate as well as in
social intercourse, and was a popular man in the Senate.

His last important work as a Senator was as a member of the
monetary commission, under the joint resolution of Augast 15,
1876, and upon this duty he entered with all the zeal of his earnest
nature. The report of the commission will show how well and
faithfully this great and important work was performed.

INIr. Bogy's health began to fail during the intensely hot weeks
closing the first session of the Forty-fourth Congress, and it was
never restored, although for months afterward he continued his
usual labors ; but finally he was stricken down, and after a linger-
ing illness he died at his residence in Saint Louis at eleven o'clock
a. m., September 20, 1877, in the sixty-fifth year of his age. All
that the tenderest love of a devoted family and the affection of life-
long friends could do was done to make smooth the rugged path-way.
No man ever died in Saint Louis whose memory received more or
higher marks of aftectionate esteem than Lewis Vital Bogy.

The resolutions of the large and highly respectable bar of Saint
Louis, of which he was so distinguished a member, which I place
l^efore the Senate, are as follows :

Resolved, That we, the members of the bar of Saint Louis, bear witness that
Lewis V. Bogy, during his long career In the profession, was distinguished by a
high order of ability and the deportment of a true gentleman. It has been truth-
fully said of him that he was a "born gentleman ;" that he possessed the virtues of
a Christian all will confess who knew him; he was devoted and faithful to every
duty or trust In public or private life. Of the kindest disposition, he was also the
purest and best of men in his relations to his family and friends.

Resolved, That In expressing our appreciation of his career in public life we but
record the truth of history when we aflirm that he was always earnest and consci-
entious, true to the interests of the people of the entire country, a firm and steadfast
friend to the i^eople of the West, and labored with all his zeal and energy to build
up the material prosperity of the State and the constituency he represented.


In addition to the respect shown by the members of the bar, who
attended liis fimeral in a body, and by the vast concourse of citizens
who followed his remains to their last resting-place, many business
and social organizations passed resolutions of respect as a tribute to
the memory of Mr. Bogy, not only in Saint Louis, but all over
the State, and the press, irrespective of party, i-endered merited
tribute to the memory of the dead Senator.

The States of Missouri and Texas had so many interests in com-
mon that soon after I entered the Senate at the executive session
in March, 1875, I was thrown much into companionship with Mr.
Bogy, and conferred with him freely, the more so as we were of
the same political faith and party, and there sprang up a kindly
relation which continued till his death. He was a man of
clear judgment and unusually quick perception. His mind was
well stored mth valuable information. While, as was well said
by the Saint Louis bar in their resolutions, "he was a born
gentleman," he possessed in an eminent degree the rugged charac-
teristics of the western pioneer. Strong in his convictions, with
but little of policy, positive and outspoken in his likes and dis-
likes, fearless in expression and action, honest and true, and every
inch a man, he was in his family and social relations gentle as a

I remember that he was called from the Senate Chamber to the
bedside of his dying old mother, at his home in St. Louis. Of this
visit and of his great gratification in reaching her bedside before
she died, which was but a short time after his arrival, and of the
pleasure he felt that she at once recognized him although nearly
gone, and of her noble traits of character, he spoke to me quite
freely after his return, and I felt that more than forty active years
in the great battle of life had neither dried up nor weakenetl the


pure fountain of his filial aifection. Fi'om that time no man could
have shaken my faith in Lewis V. Bogy.

I feel sure that every Senator who served with him respected his
absolute integrity and that not one ever entertained even a moment-
ary feeling of unkindness toward him. The kindly traits of his
character, his purity of life and purpose, were attested in all the
many resolutions passed by bar meetings and societies over the State
of Missouri. These noble quaUtiea endeared him to the people of
his native State.

Howe'er it be, It seems to mo

'Tis only noble to be good.
Kind hearts are more than coronets,

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Online Library2d session United States. 45th CongressMemorial addresses on the life and character of Lewis V. Bogy, (a senator from Missouri,) → online text (page 1 of 7)