2d session United States. 61st Congress.

Anselm J. McLaurin (late a senator from Mississippi) online

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61st Congress!
2d Session J


I Document

I No. 577


(Late a Senator from Mississippi)


Sixty-first Congress
Second Session

April 2, 1910

April 24, 1910

Compiled under the direction of the Joint Committee on Printing




FEi3 1 1911

19. ^e*' 8»






Proceedings in the Senate 5

Prayer by Rev. U. G. B. Pierce 7

Memorial addresses 9

Address of Mr. Money of Mississippi g

Address of Mr. Lodge of Massachusetts 16

Address of Mr. Bailey of Texas 21

Address of Mr. Gallinger of New Hampshire 24

Address of Mr. Taylor of Tennessee ■ 27

Address of Mr. Percy of Mississippi 31

Proceedings in the House 35

Prayer by Rev. Henr)- N. Couden 37

Memorial addresses ; 39

Address of Mr. Collier of Mississippi 39

Address of Mr. Sherwood of Ohio 45

Address of Mr. Spight of Mississippi 49

Address of Mr. Gardner of Michigan 52

Address of Mr. Candler of Mississippi 55

Address of Mr. Bowers of Mississippi 58

Address of Mr. Burnett of Alabama . . 62

Address of Mr. Calderhead of Kansas. . 65

Address of Mr. Clark of Missouri 70

Address of Mr. Byrd of Mississippi 73

Address of Mr. Sisson of Mississippi 82

Address of Mr. Dickson of Mississippi 88

Address of Mr. Bennet of New York 05




Death of Senator Anselm J. McLaurin


Tuesday, January 4, igio.

The Chaplain, Rev. Ulysses G. B. Pierce, D. D., offered the
following prayer:

Almighty God, our heavenly Father, Who art making all
things new, as we enter upon the labors of the new year grant
unto us, we pray Thee, a new apprehension of Thy divine
majesty and a renewed sense of our dependence upon Thee.
For the tasks that await us Thy strength alone can prepare us;
and in our fresh sorrow Thy grace alone is sufficient for us.

}ilake us glad in Thy salvation, we pray Thee, according to
the days wherein Thou hast afflicted us, and illuminate with
Thy presence the days wherein we have seen trouble; that Thy
work may appear unto Thy servants and Thy glorv upon their
children. And so may our God, who hath loved us and given us
eternal comfort and good hope through grace, comfort our
hearts and establish them in every good word and work. And
unto Thee, our Father, Who art the God of all grace and com-
fort, be glory and praise on earth and in Heaven, now and
forevermore. Amen.

Mr. Money. Mr. President, it is my sad duty to announce
to the Senate the death of AnsELM Joseph McLaurIxV, a vSena-
tor in this body from the vState of Mississippi, who died at his


6 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin

home at Brandon, Miss., on the evening of the 22d of Decem-
ber last. At some" future time I shall ask the. Senate to stop
its usual business and set aside a day that proper tribute of
respect mav be paid to his Hfe, character, and public services.
I now ofTer the following resolutions, and ask for their adoption.

The Vice-President. The Secretary will read the reso-

The Secretary read the resolutions, as follows:

Resolved, That the Senate has heard with profound sorrow of the death
of the Hon. Anselm Joseph McLaurin, late a Senator from the State of

Resolved, That the Secretary communicate a copy of these resolutions to
the House of Representatives.

The Vice-President. The question is on agreeing to the
resolutions submitted by the Senator from Mississippi.

The resolutions were unanimously agreed to.

Mr. Money. Mr. President, as a further mark of respect
to the memory of the distinguished dead, I move that the Sen-
ate do now adjourn.

The motion was unanimously agreed to; and (at 12 o'clock
and 8 minutes p. m.) the Senate adjourned until to-morrow,
Wednesday, January 5, 1910, at 12 o'clock meridian.

Tuesday, March i, igio.

Mr. Money. I\lr. President, I desire to give notice that on
the same day (Saturday, April 2, 1910), immediately after the
exercises commemorative of the late Senator Johnson, of North
Dakota, I will offer resolutions commemorative of the character
and life of my late colleague, the Hon. Ansel.m J. McL.mrin.
I ask unanimous consent that that order be made.

The Vice-President. Is there objection to the request of
the Senator from Mississippi? The Chair hoars none, and the
order is entered.

Proceedings in the Senate 7

vSaturdav, April 2, iqio.

The Chaplain, Rev. Ulysses G. B. Pierce, D, D., offered the
following prayer :

Almighty God, our heavenly Father, who hast loved us with
an everlasting love and hast called us to this day of tender and
reverent memory; hear us, we pray Thee, as we lift to Thee our
prayer of grateful adoration.

We remember before Thee Thy servants who have labored by
our side, and who, having borne the burden and the heat of the
day, have now gone to their reward. We thank Thee, our
Father, for these who were leaders 6f the people by their coun-
sels, and by their wisdom meet to be rulers. Though their bodies
are buried in peace, yet shall not their names be forgotten. We
rejoice that the memorial of virtue is immortal; seeing that
when it is present men take example of it, and when it is gone
they earnestly desire it. With their strength we are strong,
and their faithfulness makes us faithful. Unite us, we pray
Thee, with the faithful and true, there and here, and join our
hearts with theirs in one fellowship of the Spirit, one beauty of
holiness, and one repose on Thee. Amen.

Mr. Money. Mr. President, I offer the resolutions which I
send to the desk, and ask for their adoption.

The Presiding Officer (Mr. Purcell in the chair). The reso-
lutions will be read by the Secretary.

The resolutions were read, as follows:

Resolved, That the Senate has heard with profound sorrow of the death
of Hon. Anselm Joseph McLAfRix". late a Senator from the State of

Resolved, That as a mark of respect to the memory of the deceased, the
business of the Senate be now suspended to enable his associates to pay
proper tribute to his high character and distinguished public services.

8 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin

Resolved, That the Secretary communicate these resolutions to the
House of Representatives and to the family of the deceased.

The Presiding Officer. The question is on agreeing to
the resolutions.

The resolutions were unanimously agreed to.

Address of Mr. Money of Mississippi


Address of Mr. Money of Mississippi

Mr. President: AxMSElm Joseph .McLaurin, late a Member
of this body, was born on the 26th of ^larch, 1848, at the town
of Brandon, Miss. When an infant he was carried by his
parents to Smith County and there reared to manhood. Sur-
rounded by clear streams and sweet air, perfumed by the odor
of the pines, and on a farm he acquired that intellectual and
physical stamina which always marked him from boyhood to
his death.

Studious and anxious to learn, he applied himself assiduously
to his books. Possessing a naturally bright and active mind, he
advanced rapidly in his studies, and though interrupted by
ser\'ice in the confederate army, he was, before the age of
maturity, fully equipped mentally and physically for whatever
course he might wish to pursue.

I can see with the mind's eye that life with his parents and
seven brothers on the Mississippi farm. The two older people
with eight robust and high-spirited boys at a time when the
farm life in the South possessed its greatest charm and pro-
duced the noblest manhood and womanhood the world has seen.
There where all the family gathered around the table, again at
evening by the fireside in winter, and in the vine-clad porch in
summer. Constantly under the advice, precept, and example of
a father's pride, close under the ever-watchful eye of the tender,
sympathetic mother, with a strong, Scotch clannish feeling of
cooperation among the boys — under this influence and in
this environment he was reared. When 16 years old, young

lo Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin

McLauri.n entered the confederate army and ser\-ed during the
remainder of the war.

Coming home from the hardships of a soldier's life he began
to equip himself for life's battles amid political and economic
conditions most threatening to all about him. Large and seri-
ous thoughts possessed the minds of the people.

In this environment and excitement mental development was
rapid, so that, in spite of the difficulties attending, he finished
the law course and was especially licensed to practice his pro-
fession before he had reached the age of legal manhood. At
the age of 23 he won his first political honor by election to
the responsible office of district attorney. As prosecuting
officer for the several counties included in the judicial district
he became rapidly acquainted with the people, learning their
needs, their hopes, and wishes. In the discharge of the func-
tions of this important office he represented his district with dis-
tinguished force and ability and gained the warm approval of
his constituents. He was elected to the state legislature. His
service in that body was diligent, practical, and useful, display-
ing a comprehensive knowledge of the reformed condition of
things and a ready apprehension of what was necessary to be

In 1890 the State of Mississippi held its constitutional con-
vention. It was the first Southern State to make any attempt
to change its organic law so as, if possible, to redeem itself
from the effects of a too-extended franchise and at the same
time to keep within the amendments to the Federal Constitution.
All her sister States have followed the example of Mississippi,
which from the time of its admission into this Union has led in
all judicial reforms.

McLaurin was elected a member of that convention, and that
itself was a signal honor, because the convention involved such
momentous consequences, was full of so many grave dangers

Address of Mr. Money of Mississippi 1 1

and so many perplexities, that the people had cast about and
selected the men of the State that were most distinguished for
their talent, for their courage, for their patriotism, and, above
all, for their conser^-atism. The movement was a popular one,
but was not without opposition. Some of the most distin-
guished people in the State of Mississippi, holding the highest
honors which could be conferred by the people, eminent for their
great abiUties and for their patriotism, for love of their people
and of their State, hesitated to join in the movement. Some of
them opposed it with vigor, with energy, and with talent; but
the movement of the people prevailed, and they selected those
men whom they thought most capable of dealing with the
momentous questions that would arise. McLaurin became one
of the most active, diligent, practical, and courageous Members.

The constructive genius of James Z. George, long an honored
Member of this Senate, made him the great protagonist of that
civil drama; and bearing down any opposition by the force of
his active and virile mind and his undaunted courage, he suc-
ceeded in directing the framing by that constitutional conven-
tion of an instrument which has stood the test of the courts and
has become the model for other States.

When, in 1894, Senator Edward Carey Walthall retired for
the last part of a term in the Senate the legislature, which had
just reelected him for another full term, was in session, and
McLaurin was elected to fill the resigned portion of that term
over several very popular and powerful candidates.

After this, ser\-ing as governor for four years, he met fully
the hopes and expectations of those who gave him the honor.
Having no opponent in the convention which nominated him
for governor, he began his executive work the choice of the
whole people and under obligation to no faction. With his
usual energy and industry he administered public affairs, giving
Uttle attention to hostile criticism, which was occasionally

1.2 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin

evoked by his acts. In following the course marked out for him-
self he was not indifferent to praise or blame, in fact, he keenly
appreciated approbation and was sensitive to hostile opinion,
but his determination was too strong to be changed bv one or
the other. At the expiration of that service he was elected to
the Senate over a strong, resourceful, and popular opposition,
and at last he was reelected for the present term without opposi-
tion for nomination in his party or for election before the

His career here is familiar to those who sat here with him.
He was a diligent, industrious, practical, indefatigable, and
wise committee man. He never shirked any obligation. He
had a heavy assignment of committee work, and there was
never any complaint that he shirked or neglected that duty.
He was ready in debate, especially upon legal questions.

While here he endeared himself not only to the Members of
this body but to all the employees, however humble they
might be, by the kindly consideration he always showed them,
by his cheerful good humor, which never flagged.

His purse — a spare one — was open at all times to the needy,
whether friend or stranger. His resources of all kinds were
constantly strained to furnish relief to those encouraged to
come to him by his well-known disposition to help. He did not
talk of these things; he simply gave help and went quietly
his way.

Senator'Rin's noblest virtue was his willingness to
forget and his ability to forgive. While he compelled his foes-
to feel fully that relationship, yet was he always readv to for-
give, to fly the flag of truce for purposes of peace.

He spoke fewer criticisms of those with whom he disagreed,
said fewer evil things of others than any man I ever knew.
He was courageous but pacific, firm but jilacatory, and I have
never heard him use those ordinary expressions of the vindictive

Address of Mr. Money of Mississippi 13

man about "getting even" with an enemy, "camping on his
trail," or repaying injury.

He was remarkably free from bitterness, and never in my
long and close association with him have I heard a denuncia-
tion from his lips, yet no opportunity was ever lost to give a
kindly word of praise for anyone whom he Uked. Is, then,
there a question as to why this man had so many loyal, affec-
tionate friends at home or why so many of us here loved him ?

As a lawyer he ranked among the first in his State. His
particular forte was criminal law, and I have heard it said by
the best judges in the State that for the management of a case
in court he was without a peer. He had the good fortune, as he
thought, always to be defending innocent men, and he was so
thoroughly enlisted in the cause of his client that he could not
believe him to be guilty. So he derived a certain satisfaction
from that fact, which he was very fond of repeating, and he
called it his good luck that he was never called upon to defend
a man who was really bad.

Senator McLaurin married early in life a lady who was very
superior in judgment, in her personal charms, in the softness
and amiability of her temper. He had a large family, of whom
seven survive, one boy and six girls — the girls noted for physical
beauty and for intellectual grace, the boy inheriting the talents
of his father and pursuing the same profession.

He was a member, and a consistent one, as far as human in-
firmities will permit a man of his temperament to be, of the
Methodist Episcopal Church. He attended its exercises and
implicitly believed in its creed. He never at any time was
harassed by metaphysical speculations, never afflicted with con-
flicting doubts and baffling inquiries into the unknowable. He
never stopped to inquire of the soul whence, whither, or why.
He attempted no revival of memory of a past existence, and
while we have all at different times, throughout all the ages,

14 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin

and in every race of mankind, come to the conclusion that the
soul is immortal, some having reasoned it out to a conviction
and some having simply relied upon expectation and the ever-
recurring hope in what they were taught, he had no doubts upon
the matter. He trusted himself to the Bible as a guide for his
faith and practice, and relied upon the kindly assistance of his

His name will long exist as a bright star in the broad firma-
ment of American great names, and the people of his State will
not forget that kindly nature that sprang from a true democracy.
It has been remarked over and over again in his own State that
no man within the State had ever so thoroughly possessed the
love of the people who met him familiarly. His perfect democ-
racy, both in politics and in society; his accessibility, his pla-
cability, his generosity to his family and friends, and his ever
readiness to sympathize with a neighbor made him the idol of
those who knew him best. He was a very devoted and loving
husband and a very fond and indulgent father, and the tender-
ness with which they clung around and to him marked the
depth of their affection which was in response to his own.

With his brothers and with his connections by marriage he
was the soul of generosity.

This man who, from his humble beginning, attained all of
the honors during a period of years that his people could give
him, trusted in every relation of life, responding fully to the
expectations of those who honored him, left the scene of his
activities and his energies when he was beginning to think most
clearly and to act with most wisdom.

I have sometimes wondered, when I thought of this good man
with whom I was so long associated and for whom I held an
afTectionate friendship, why it was that I, so much his senior
and always so afflicted, should have lived when he was taken.

Address of Mr. Money of Mississippi 15

But that is one of the mysteries of that Providence which orders
all things well.

'Tis only a moment God chastens with pain,
Joy follows on sorrow like sunshine on rain.

This the family of this good man can take for their comfort,
and —

Let them bear what God on their spirit shall lay,
Be dumb; but when tempted to murmur, pray.

Mr. President, it is impossible for me to express what I feel
when I speak of my late associate. The sympathy that we had
in our public official business, the conferences we held, the
deference which he, without any merit on my part, was accus-
tomed to show to my opinion, the readiness with which he was
willing to come to terms on anything in dispute, and that ever-
considerate kindness which he showed to me awakened my live-
liest appreciation and deserves and has my gratitude.

There is nothing I can say about McLaurin in his official
career here that would be new to the Senate, but to say that
he was approved at home is merely to say that the people who
elected him knew him.

1 6 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin

Address of Mr. Lodge of Massachusetts

Mr. President, the formal eulogy, always difficult, seems
most unsatisfying and insufficient where the affections are
engaged, where the stroke of death has fallen all too soon,
where a gap has been made in friendship which may close
but can never be filled. In speaking of Senator McLaurin I
can think only of the friend and not of the public man. As
wide apart in politics as our States are on the map, my relation
with him was wholly that of a warm personal friendship. I
knew, of course, of his eminence at the bar of his own State, of
his power with a jury. I knew that he had been governor of
INIississippi — an excellent administrator, popular and beloved.
I was familiar with his work here, with his ability in debate,
with his care and good sense as a legislator, and with his courage
of conviction that never failed. Others will speak of his attri-
butes and career as a public man and of the character and
quality of his public service with a more intimate knowledge
than I possess and better than I could hope to do. I should
like for my part to give, if I can, the impression which he made
on me as a friend and as an associate in the work of the Senate,
especially on the Immigration Commission, wholly removed
from the differences of party politics and policies.

I was here when Mr. McL.'M'RI.n entered the Senate, but dur-
ing his first period of service I only knew him slightly. Then
he left us to become governor of his State, and it was after his
return, and during his second term as Senator, that I came to
know him well, to learn what a delightful companion he could
be, to appreciate his humor and kindliness, and to understand
the qualities which made all his friends regard him with so
much affection. vSoine of those qualities of mind and heart lay
upon the surface, others were deeper and less obvious.

Address of Mr. Lodge of Massachusetts 17

In trying to depict him as he seemed to me in life and as he
seems to me now even more strongly in memory, there is one
word which I must use but which I can not employ without ex-
planation. ?ilerely to apply it and pass on would only leave
upon the record a commonplace and perfunctory phrase, and
however inadequately I may speak I can not suffer any words
of mine to appear perfunctory when uttered over the grave of
a man toward whom I felt as I did to Senator McLaurtn.
Therefore I musi try to explain what the word I am about to
use means to me when I apply it to my dead friend.

Among the many excellent words which have been driven into
exile, spoiled, discredited, vulgarized by misuse, abuse, and in-
discriminate and meaningless application none has fared worse
than those fine old words "gentleman " and " lady." They have
been flung about as if they merely indicated sex and species,
and most people shrink from them because they seem to have
lost reality and become a kind of cast-off finery. They have
been treated as if they did not possess a deep significance, all
the deeper as the idea of rank and artificial distinction has
faded from them and been replaced by a conception of charac-
ter and conduct, of manners and beliefs which no other phrase
conveys. Yet it is sometimes impossible to express one's
thought except by using the word "gentleman," although it
should never be employed lightly or unadvisedly. Even where
it is properly used and justly applied it is too often narrowed
by coupling with it qualifications of place or time, like "a fine
old English gentleman," or "a gentleman born," or "a gentle-
man of the old school." To do this is to confuse the incidental
and accidental with the permanent and essential. Manners
vary with place and time; they are important, but after all are
only "letters commendatory" as Queen Isabella called them.
Customs and standards of behavior change, but a gentleman in
the highest and truest acceptation must always and everywhere
67675° — S. Doc. 577, 61-2 2

1 8 Memorial Addresses: Senator McLaurin

and at all epochs have been the same, for the word could not
otherwise fulfill the idea which it conveys and which has been
slowly formed through centuries of time. Yet clear as the con-
ception is, definition in language is almost hopelessly dilTficult.
None of the many hitherto attempted, and their name is
legion — not even the best — is wholly satisfactory. Neverthe-
less, every one knows what the word in its highest significance
means. " Honor and shame from no condition rise. " A plow-
boy .may be a gentleman and so may an earl, but not because
the one happens to be a peer and the other a lad from the fur-
row. We know instinctively what we mean when we say
"gentleman," even if we can not express it, just as we know
without analysis that —

.\bsent thee from felicity awhile —
is noble and beautiful verse and that —

The world's a bubble and the li/e of man

Less than a span —
is not.

Take two of the greatest of the sons of men, Caesar and
Napoleon. Although it would require many pages to tell my
reasons, I am none the less sure that the Roman was a gentle-
man and that the Corsican, for all his marvelous genius, was
not. The greatest soldier and one of the greatest diplomatists
produced by the English-speaking race was the first Duke of
Marlborough; one of the greatest men of ail time was George
Washington. 1 am sure that George Washington was also a
great gentleman and that John Churchill was not. When

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Online Library2d session United States. 61st CongressAnselm J. McLaurin (late a senator from Mississippi) → online text (page 1 of 7)