3d sess. United States. 58th Cong..

George F. Hoar (late a Senator from Massachusetts) (Volume 1) online

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58th Congress I
3d Session f


f Document
| No. 201


( Late a Senator from Massachusetts'

Memorial Addresses Delivered in the
Senate and House of Representatives

Third Session of the
Fifty-eighth Congress

Compiled under the direction of the Joint Committee on Printing


14 3

By Transfer

D. C. Public Library

OCT 1 5 183*





Proceedings in the Senate 5

Prayer by Rev. Edward Everett Hale 5

Prayer by Rev. Edward Everett Hale 9

Address of Mr. Lodge, of Massachusetts 12

Address of Mr. Allison, of Iowa 42

Address of Mr. Cockrell, of Missouri 4S

Address of Mr. Piatt, of Connecticut . . 53

Address of Mr. Teller, of Colorado 59

Address of Mr. Culloni, of Illinois .' , . . . 65

Address of Mr. Daniel, of Virginia _. 71

Address of Mr. Gallinger, of New Hampshire 79

Address of Mr. Bacon, of Georgia 84

Address of Mr. Perkins, of California S9

Address o£ Mr. Fairbanks, of Indiana 96

Address of Mr. Pettus, of Alabama 102

Address of Mr. Gorman, of Maryland Iu5

Address of Mr. Depew, of New York . 108

Address of Mr. McComas, of Maryland 117

Address of Mr. Crane, of Massachusetts 123

Proceedings in the House 127

Prayer by Rev. Henry N. Couden 129

Address of Mr. Lovering, of Massachusetts 131

Address of Mr. Gillett, of Massachusetts 136

Address of Mr. Lawrence, of Massachusetts 141)

Address of Mr. Thayer, ot Massachusetts 145

Address of Mr. Sullivan, 'of Massachusetts 151

Address of Mr. Greene, of Massachuseetts 154

Address of Mr. Tirrell, of Massachusetts 162

Address of Mr. Clark, of Missouri 169

Address of Mr. Dnscoll, of New York 180

Address of Mr. Powers, of Massachusetts 185

Address of Mr. Keliher, of Massachusetts 189





Wftshinfrton , D . C

Death of Senator George F. Hoar


December 5, 1904.


The Chaplain, Rev. Edward Everett Hale, offered the fol-
lowing prayer:

Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and
with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy
strength. This is the first and greatest commandment, and
the second is like unto it, namely, this: Thou shalt love tin-
neighbor as thyself.

Let us pray. Father, we thank Thee for so much. We
thank Thee for life and health and strength, and that we are
here together now, and, best of all, that Thou art with us to
give us new life, to give us new health, to give us new strength,
to guide us and help us wherever we go and wherever we are.

Make this Thine own home, that we may find Thee always
when we need Thy help, as always we do need it; that wherever
we go we may go as the children of the living God, ready to do
Thy work, that we may live to Thy glory.

Father, Thou hast given Thy servants here so much to do.
They have to spend these months in earing for the coming of
Thy kingdom, and for nothing less — that the nations of the
world may be one; that the States may bear each others' bur-
dens, each as the others' brethren; that for all sorts and

6 Proceedings in the Senate

conditions of men Thou shalt make Th; gospel known, each
I] and all ii. for all races and all sects and creeds

and communions, that all may join in the common servi
children working with their Father. Thou art with us; hear
us and answer US.

And we remember, Father, those whose faces we shall not
see here ever again Tin servants whom Thou hast lifted to
higher service. They pray while we pray; they hope as we
hope. Bind us together, those whom we see and those whom
we do not see, in the ureal brotherhood of the children of the
living Cod. We ask it and offer it in Christ J'-stis.

Join me in the Lord's prayer.

< >nr Father who ait in heaven, hallowed he Thyname. Tin
kingdom come, Thy will Ik- done on earth as it is 'lone in
n. Give ns this day our daily bread, and forgive us our
trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against ns. And
lead Us not into temptation, hut deliver us from evil, for Thine
is the kingdom and the power and the glory, forever. Amen.


Mr. Penrose. Mr. President, it is my sad duty to announce
to the Senate the death of my late colleague, MATTHEW STAN-
Ql \v, which occurred at his home in Beaver, Pa., on the
-•Mil da\ of May last.

I shall not at this moment take up the time of the Senate
with any extended remarks touching his personal character
and his public services, but will content myself with simply
submitting the following resolutions, asking consideration for
them after similar resolutions, which I understand the Senator
from Massachusetts desires to submit, have been considered.

At some more appropriate time I will ask the Senate to sus-
pend its ordinary business in order that fitting tribute may be
paid to the memory of my deceased colleague.

Proceedings in the Senate 7

The President pro tempore. The Senator from Pennsyl-
vania offers resolutions which will be read.

The Secretary read the resolutions, as follows:

Resolved, That the Senate lias heard with profound sorrow and deep
regret of the death of Hon. Matthew Stanley Quay, late a Senator
from the State of Pennsylvania.

Resolved, That the Secretary communicate a copy of these resolutions
to the House of Representatives.

The resolutions were considered by unanimous consent, and
unanimously agreed to.

Mr. Lodge. Mr. President, it is my painful duty to make
formal announcement to the Senate that the senior Senator from
Massachusetts, Hon. George P'risbie Hoar, died at his home
in Worcester on the 30th of September last.

At some future time I shall ask the Senate to set apart a day
fittingly to commemorate his high character, his distinguished
career, and his eminent sen-ices.

At this time I offer the following resolutions, and ask for
their adoption.

The President pro tempore. The resolutions will be read.

The Secretary read the resolutions, as follows:

Resolved, That the Senate has heard with profound sorrow of the death
of the Hon. George F. Hoar, late a .Senator from the State of Massa-

Resolved, That the Secretary communicate a copy of these resolutions
to the House of Representatives.

The resolutions were considered by unanimous consent, and
unanimously agreed to.

Mr. Lodge. Mr. President, in behalf of the Senator from
Pennsylvania and myself I now offer the following resolution,
and ask for its immediate consideration.

The President pro tempore. The resolution will be read.

The resolution was read, as follows:

Resolved, That, as a further mark of respect to the memory of tin- two
Senators whose deaths have just been announced, the Senate do now

Proceedings in the Senate

The resolution •■■ sidered by unanimous consent, and

unanimously agreed to.

The Senate accordingly i at i-' o'clock and \2 minutes p. m.
adjourned until to-morrow, Tuesday, December 6, i
• k meridian.

Jam vry q, 191

memorial addresses on the late senator hoar.

Mr. Lodge. Mr. President, I desire to give notice that on
January 28, immediately after the routine morning business, I
shall a>k the Senate to consider resolutions in commemoration
of the life, character, and public services of my late colh
Hon. George Frisbie Hoar.


Saturday, January 2S, 1905.
Rev. Edward E. Hale, the Chaplain of the Senate, offered
the following prayer:

Let us now praise famous men. The Lord hath wrought great glorv bv
them, through His great power from the beginning.

Men renewed for their power, giving counsel by their understanding,
leaders of the people by their counsel and by their knowledge of learning
m;et for the people — wise and eloquent in their instructions.

All these were honored in their generations and were the glorv of their
times. The people will tell of their wisdom and the congregation will
show forth their praise.

Father, we ask Thee to keep green and fresh the memories
1 if such fathers in the past, of those whom we have seen with
our eyes and have heard with our ears, that in all coming time
such mens' lives may live among the children and the children's

Teach us to-day, teach all this people, that Thou art pleased
to do Thy work by the agency of Thy children who enter into
Thy service and go about a Father's business. Show us how
they can be strong with Thy strength, wise in Thy wisdom,
and interpret Thy law.

Keep green and fresh for us the memory of him whom we do
not see here, but whom we loved to see; whom we do not hear,
but whom we remember, that this Senate, that the people of
this country, may be loyal as he to friends, to Senate, to
country, and to the world. It is not in vain for us that Thou
hast sent forth such children to interpret Thy purpose and to
carry out Thy law.

First and last and always show us that Thy law may be 0U1
law. that Thy kingdom may come, and that we are to enter


Mi mortal . Iddra s

into Thy service, that it maj come the sooner. We ask it in
Christ Jesus.

Fatherwho art in hea illowed be Thj name. Thj

kingdom come. Thy will be done on earth. as it is done in
heaven. Give us this day our daih bread. And forgive us
out trespasses, a^ we forgive those who trespass against us.
And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil; for
Thine is the kingdom and the power and the glory, forever.

Memorial Addresses n


Mr. Lodge. Mr. President, before sending the resolutions
to the desk I wish to state, as I have been asked to do, that
the Senator from Wisconsin [Mr. Spooner] , who was very
anxious to be here to-day and to speak to the resolutions, and
whose long friendship with Mr. Hoar is well known to the
Senate, is unfortunately prevented suddenly by illness from
coming; he is unable to leave his house. I now send the
resolutions to the desk.

The President pro tempore. The Senator from Massachu-
setts submits resolutions, which will be read.

The Secretary read the resolutions, as follows:

Resolved, That the Senate has heard with profound sorrow of the
d :ath of Hon. George F. Hoar, late a Senator from the State of Mas-
s nil usetts.

Resolved, That as a mark of respect to the memory of the deceased
the business of the Senate be now suspended, to enable his associates
to pay proper tribute to his high character and distinguished public

Resolved, That the .Secretary communicate these resolutions to the
House of Representatives.

The President pro tempore. Will the -Senate agree to the

The resolutions were unanimously agreed to.

u Life and Character F. Hoar

Appfess of Mr. Lodge, of Massachusetts

Mi -,i Duty and desire alike command that I

should speak of Mr. Hoar, to whose memory we consecrate
this day, as a distinguished statesman, an historic figure, and a
representative man of a remarkable and an eventful time. But
for me to speak in this place in such fashion is most difficult.

uuntur; ingentes stupent.

1 trust that tin- Senate, remembering this, will accord to my
short. the indulgence which I am only too well aware I

shall greath need.

Men distinguished above th >ws, who have won a

place in history, may he of interest an. I importance to pos-
ndividuals or a - representatives of their time, or in
both Mobiles and Descartes, lor instance, are

chiefly if not wholly interesting for what they themselves
were ami for then contributions to human thought which
might conceivably have been made at an (in the

other hand, Pepys ami St. Simon, substantially contem]
with the two philosophers, are primarily of interest and im-
entative men, embodiments and exponents
of the life and thought of their time. Benjamin Franklin,

not only deeplj interesting as
an individual, but he seemed to embody in himself the ten-
dencies of thought and the entire meaning and attitude of
the eighteenth century in its bi significance. Mr.

HOAI to the class which is illustrated in si:

inkliu, for hi n and will hold his place

i" 1' what he did. but

Address of Mr. Lodge, of Massachusetts 13

because he was a very representative man in a period fruitful
in great events and conspicuous for the consolidation of the
United States — the greatest single fact of the last century,
measured by its political and economic effect upon the for-
tunes of mankind and upon the history of the world.

To appreciate properly and understand intelligently any
man who has made substantial achievement in art or letters,
in philosophy or science, in war or politics, and who has
also lived to the full the life of his time, we must turn first
to those conditions over which he himself had no control.
In his inheritances, in the time and place of birth, in the
influences and the atmosphere of childhood and youth we
can often find the key to the mystery which every human
existence presents and obtain a larger explanation of the
meaning of the character and career before us than the man's
own life and deeds will disclose.

This is especially true of Mr. Hoar, for his race and
descent, his time and place of birth are full of significance
if we would rightly understand one who was at once a
remarkable and a highly representative man. He came of a
purely English stock. His family in England were people of
consideration and substance, possessing both education and
established position before America was discovered. Belong-
ing in the seventeenth century to that class of prosperous
merchants and tradesmen, of country gentlemen and farmers
which gave to England Cromwell and Hampden, Eliot and
Pj'in, they were Puritans in religion and in politics support-
ers of the Parliament and opponents of the King. Charles
Hoar, sheriff of Gloucester and enrolled in the record of the
city government as " Generosus " or "gentleman," died in
1638. Two years later his widow, Joanna Hoar, with five of
her children, emigrated to New England. One of the sons,

i I Life and Character of Georgi /'. Hoar

in! Hoar, chosen by his father ta go to Oxford and

ne a minister, entered Harvard College, then just founded,

and graduated then.- in [650. He soon after returned t<>

England, where he was presented to a living under the Pro-

ite. IIi married Bridget, the daughter of John Lisle,

commonlj called Lord Lisle, one of tin.- regicides assassinated

later at Lausanne, where he had taken refuge, by

emissaries after the King had come to his own again. John

Lisle 's wife, the Lady Alicia, died on the scaffold in 1685,

tlie most famous and pathetic victim in the tragedy of Jef-

freys's "Bloody Assize." Hei son-in-law, Leonard H<

d from his living under the Act of Uniformity, studied

medicine, and returning to New England ten years later

me ni [672 president of Harvard College, and died in


Senator Hoar was descended from an elder brother of the

president of Harvard, John Hoar, evidently a man of a- strong

character ami marked abilities as the rest of his family. The

old records contain more than one account of his clashings

with the intolerant and vigorous theocracy which governed

Massachusetts, and of the tines and imprisonments which he

endured; but he never seems either to have lost the respect

of the community or to have checked his speech. We get a

bright glimpse of him in [690, when Sewall says, in his diary

on November 8 of that year:

ilu ('.■mk's into tin- lobby and suis he conns from tin I. •ml. l>\
ik for tlu- Lord; complains that sins as bad .is Sodom's
found Inn

In every generation following we hud men of the same

marked character who were graduates of Harvard, active citi-
successful m their callings, taking a full share of public
duties and in the life of their times. SenatOl HOAR'S

Address of Mr. Lodge, of Massachusetts 15

grandfather, who had served in the old French war, and his
grandfather were both in the fight at Concord Bridge. His
father, Samuel Hoar, was one of the most distinguished law-
yers in Massachusetts. He served in both branches of the
State legislature, and was a Member of Congress. Honored
throughout the State, his most conspicuous action was his
journey to Charleston to defend certain negro sailors, and from
that city, where his life was in danger, he was expelled because
he desired to give his legal services to protect men of another
and an enslaved race.

On his mother's side Senator Hoar was a descendant of the
John Sherman who landed in Massachusetts in 1630 and be-
came the progenitor of a family which has been extraordinarily
prolific in men of high ability and distinction. In the century
just closed this family gave to the country and to history
one of our most brilliant soldiers, one of our most eminent
statesmen and financiers, and through the female line the
great lawyer and orator, Mr. Evarts, and E. Rockwood Hoar,
distinguished alike as judge, as Member of Congress, and as
Attorney-General of the United States. In the eighteenth
century we owe to the same blood and name one of the most
conspicuous of the great men who made the Revolution
and founded the United States, Roger Sherman, signer of the
Declaration of Independence, signer of the articles of Confed-
eration, signer of the Constitution, first Senator from Con-
necticut, and grandfather of Mr. Hoar, as he was also of Mr.
Evarts. I have touched upon this genealogy more, perhaps,
than is usual upon such occasions, not only because it is
remarkable, but because it seems to me full of light and mean-
ing in connection with those who, in the years just past, had
the right to claim it for their own. We see these people,
when American history begins, identified with the cause of

Life and Character oj George F. Hoar

constitutional freedom and engaged in resistance to what they
deemed tyranny in church and state. They became exiles foi

their Faith, and the 1>1 1 of the victims of Stuart revenge is

sprinkled on their garments. They venture their lives again
at the outbreak of our own Revolution. They take a con-
tinuous part in public affairs. They feel it to be their busi-
ness to help the desolate and oppres om John Hoai
sheltering and succoring the Christian Indians, in the dark
and bloody days of King Philip's war, to Samuel Hoar, .
forth into the midst of a bitterly hostile community to defend
the helpless negroes. The tradition of sound learning, the
profound belief in the highest education, illusl Leonard
Hoar in the seventeenth century, are never lost or weakened
in the succeeding generations: Through all their history runs
inged the deep sense of public responsibility, of patriotism,
and of devotion to high ideals of conduct. The stage upon
which they played their several parts might be large or small.
but the light which guided them was always the same. They
were Puritans of the Puritans. As the Centuries passed, the
Puritan was modified in many ways, but the elemental quali-
ties of the powerful men who had crushed crown and miter
in a common ruin, altered the course of English history, and
founded a new state in a new world, remained unchanged.
So pareuted and so descended, Mi Hoak inherited certain
1 conceptions of duty, of character, and of tin
1 life, which were as much a part of his being as tin
of his eyes or the shape of his hand. Where and when was he
born to this nobli We must ask and .answer this
question, for there is a world of suggestion in the place ami
time of a man's birth when that man has come to have a mean-
it importance to his own generation as well as to those
which succeed it in the slow procession of the y<

Address of Mr. Lodge, of Massachusetts 17

Concord, proclaimed by Webster as one of the glories of
Massachusetts which no untoward fate could wrest from her,
was the place of his birth. About the quiet village were
gathered all the austere traditions of the colonial time. It
had witnessed the hardships of the early settlers, it had
shared and shuddered in the horrors of Indian wars, it had
seen the slow and patient conquest of the wilderness. There
within its boundaries had blazed high a great event, catching
the eyes of a careless world which little dreamed how far
the fire then lighted would spread. Along its main road,
overarched by elms, the soldiers of England marched that
pleasant April morning. There is the bridge where the farmers
returned the British fire and advanced. There is the tomb of
the two British soldiers who fell in the skirmish, and whose
grave marks the spot where the power of England on the
North American Continent first began to ebb. Truly there
is no need of shafts of stone or statues of bronze, for the
whole place is a monument to the deeds which there were
done. The very atmosphere is redolent of great memories;
the gentle ripple of the placid river, the low voice of the wind
among the trees, all murmur the story of patriotism and
teach devotion to the nation, which, from "the bridge that
arched the flood," set forth upon its onward march.

And then just as Mr. Hoar began to know his birthplace
the town entered upon a new phase which was to give it a
place in literature and in the development of modern thought
as eminent as that which it had already gained in the history
of the country. Emerson made Concord his home in 1835,
Hawthorne came there to live seven years later, and Thoreau,
a native of the town, was growing to manhood in those same
years. To Mr. Hoar's inheritance of public service, of devo-
tion to duty, and of lofty ideals of conduct, to the family
S. I toe. 20] . 58-3 2

i8 Life <uii/ Character of George /■'. Hoar

influences which surrounded him and which all pointed to work
and achievement as the purpose and rewards of life, were
added those of the place where he lived, the famous little
town which drew from the past lessons of pride and love of
country, and offered in the present examples of lives given to
literature and philosophy, to the study of nature, and to the
hopes and destiny of man here and hereafter.

Thus highly gifted in his ancestry, in his family, and in his

tions, as well as in tlu place and the community in which

he was to pass the formative years of boyhood and youth.

Mr. Hoar was equally fortunate in the time of his birth,

which often means so much in the making of a character and

i He was born on the 29th of August, [826. Supei

I3 it was one of the most uninteresting periods in the

history of western civilization dominated in Europe by small

men, mean in its hopes, low in its ambitious. But beneath

the surface vast forces were germinating and gathering, which

in their development were to affect profoundly both Europe

and America.

The great movement which, beginning with the revolt ■■>( the
American colonies, had wrought the French Revolution, con
vulsed Europe, and made Napoleon possible, had spent itself
and sunk into exhaustion at Waterloo. The reaction reigned
supreme. It was the age of the Metternichs and Castlereaghs,
of the Eldons ami Liverpools, of Spanish and Neapolitan Bour-
bons. With a stupidity equaled only by tin dence and
insensibility, these men and others like them sought to establish
again the old tyrannies and believed that they could restore
a dead system and revive a vanished society. They utterly
failed to grasp the fact that where the red-hot plowshares of
the French Revolution had passed the old .tops could
flourish again. The White Tenor swept over i ind a

Address of Mr. Lodge, of Massachusetts 19

little later the Due Decazes, the only man who understood the
situation, was driven from power because he tried to establish
the conditions upon which alone the Bourbon monarchy could
hope to survive. The Holy Alliance was formed to uphold
autocracy and crush out the aspirations of any people who
sought to obtain the simplest rights and the most moderate
freedom. To us Webster's denunciation of the Holy Alliance
sounds like an academic exercise, designed simply to display
the orator's power, but to the men of that day it had a most
real and immediate meaning. The quiet which Russia and
Austria called peace reigned over much wider regions than
Warsaw. England cringed and burned incense before the
bewigged and padded effigy known as "George the Fourth."
France did the bidding of the dullest and most unforgetting of
the Bourbons. Anyone who ventured to criticise any existing

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