United States. 65th Congress, 3d session.

Jacob Harold Gallinger (late a senator from New Hampshire) Memorial addresses delivered in the Senate and House of representatives of the United States, Sixty-fifth Congress, third session online

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Online LibraryUnited States. 65th Congress, 3d sessionJacob Harold Gallinger (late a senator from New Hampshire) Memorial addresses delivered in the Senate and House of representatives of the United States, Sixty-fifth Congress, third session → online text (page 1 of 10)
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(Late a Senator from New Hampshire)






I*roceedings in the Senate
January 19, 1919

P^ceedings in the House
January 19, 1919






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Proceedings in the Senate »

Prayer by Rev. Forrest J. Pretlyman, D. D 5

Memorial addresses by —

Mr. Henry F. Hollis, of New Hampshire 9

Mr. Henry Cabot Lodge, of Massachusetts 13

Mr. Francis E. Warren, of Wyoming. 16

Mr. Hoke Smith, of Georgia 19

Mr. Knute Nelson, of Minnesota 20

Mr. Reed Smoot, of Utah...: 25

Mr. John W. Weeks, of Massachusetts 28

Mr. Charles S. Thomas, of Colorado 31

Mr. George H. Moses, of New Hampshire 34

Proceedings in the House of Representatives 43

Prayer by Rev. Henry N. Couden, D. D 43,46

Memorial addresses by-
Mr. Joseph W'. Fordncy, of Michigan 49

Mr. Julius Kahn, of California 56

Mr. Edward H. Wason, of New Hampshire 59

Mr. Martin B. Madden, of Illinois 70

Mr. Thomas Gallagher, of Illinois 73

Mr. Isaac R. Sherwood, of Ohio 77

Mr. William S. Greene, of Massachusetts 80

Mr. Frank W. Mondcll, of Wyoming 88

Mr. Philip P. Campbell, of Kansas 90

Mr. Richard W. .\ustin, of Tennessee 92

Mr. Sherman E. Burroughs, of New Hampshire.. 95

Mr. Frank P. Woods, of Iowa 105

Mr. Joseph G. Cannon, of Illinois 108

Death of Senator Gallinger 115

Funeral services 117

Tributes 123





Proceedings in the Senate

Monday, August 19, 1918.
The Chaplain, Rev. Forrest J. Prettyman, D. D., offered
the following prayer:

Almighty God, as we come before Thee at the beginning
of this session our hearts are saddened because of the
going away of one of the lofty men of our national life —
a man who has lived among us with unsullied character;
who has borne himself with the dignity of a Senator, with
the honor of a man, with the grace of a Christian ; whose
counsel was wise; whose chaste spirit has refined the
spirit of the Nation. We bless Thee for his life and char-
acter and ministrj' among us.

\Vc pray that we may feel an added sense of respon-
sibility as these men who have been tried through the
years are taken from us, and that we may, by the grace of
God, measure up to the ever-increasing responsibilities
of this high ofTice.

Hear us in our prayer; direct us to-day in the affairs
that may confront us; help us to solve our national prob-
lems in the fear of God; and bring us to ultimate victory
and success. For Christ's sake. Amen.

Mr. Nelson. Mr. President, it is my painful duty this
morning to announce the death of our late colleague,
Jacob H. Gallinger, the senior Senator from the State of
New Hampshire. He passed awaj' from life on the 17th


Memorial Addresses: Senatoh Gallingek

of this inonlh in a sanitarium at Franklin, N. H., in the
eightj^-second year of his age, after a service of 27 years
in this hody.

Mr. Gallinger's death is especially sad and painful to
me from the fact that I have heen associated with him so
long in the public service. We were associates in the
House of Representatives in the Forty-ninth and Fiftieth
Congresses, and I have been associated with him in this
body since the 4th of March, 1895. During a large share
of that time we were both members of one of the most
important committees of the Senate, and 1 learned to
know the Senator intimately and well. He was one of
the most industrious and energetic Members of this body,
always vigilant and active in the public interest; and he
set an example to all of us who served with him, and to
those who are coming after us, as one of the most efficient
public servants that this country has ever had.

Mr. President, while the late Senator passed away in
the fullness of his years, his death is a great loss not only
to his State but to our common country and to this body.
We shall miss him. He was always active, always vigi-
lant, always attentive to his public duties.

On some future occasion this body no doubt will take
proceedings to commemorate in a more full and complete
manner his life and his services. On this occasion 1 shall
not take up the time of the Senate further than to offer
the resolutions which I send to the desk and ask to have

The President pro tempore. The Secretary will read the

The resolutions (S. Res. 291) were read, considered by
unanimous consent, and unanimously agreed to, as fol-

Resolved, That the Senaic has heard with profound sorrow of
the death of the Hon. Jacob Harold Gallinger, for 27 years a
Senator from the State of New Hampshire.


Proceedings in the Senate

Resoli'cd, That a committee of 18 Senators be appointed by the
President pro tempore to take order for superintending the
funeral of Mr. Gallinger, to be held in the city of Concord, N. H.

Resolved, That the Secretary communicate a copy of these
resolutions to the House of Representatives.

Under the second resolution the President pro tempore
appointed Mr. Lodge, Mr. Martin, Mr. Nelson, Mr. Pen-
rose, Mr. Dillingham, Mr. Simmons, Mr. Overman, Mr.
Smoot, Mr. Borah, Mr. Bankhead, Mr. Smith of Marj-land,
Mr. Cummins, Mr. Poindexter, Mr. Thomas, Mr. Weeks,
Mr. Hollis, Mr. Curtis, and Mr. New as the committee on
the part of the Senate.

Mr. Nelson. Mr. President, as a further mark of respect
to the memorj- of the deceased Senator, I move that the
Senate adjourn.

The motion was unanimously agreed to; and (at 12
o'clock and 10 minutes p. m.) the Senate adjourned until
Thursday, August 22, 1918, at 12 o'clock meridian.

Thirsd.w, August 22, 1918.
A message from the House of Representatives, by J. C.
South, its Chief Clerk, transmitted to the Senate resolu-
tions on the death of Hon. Jacob Harold G.\llinger, late a
Senator from the State of New Hampshire.

Wednesday, December 18, 1918.

Mr. Moses. Mr. President, I ask unanimous consent that
the Senate shall convene on Sunday, Januaiy 19, 1919, at
11 o'clock a. m., to consider resolutions in commemora-
tion of the life, character, and public services of the late
Senator from New Hampshire, Hon. .Iacob H. Gallinger.

The Presiding Officer. Is there any objection? There
is none, and it is so ordered.


Memorial Addresses : Senator Gai.linger

Sunday, January 19, 1919.

Mr. HoLLis. Mr. President, I offer the following resolu-
tions and move their adoption.

The Vice President. The resolutions will be read.

The resolutions (S. Res. 417) were read, considered by
unanimous consent, and unanimously agreed to, as fol-

Resolved, That tlie Senate expresses its profound sorrow in
the (lealli of the Hon. Jacob H. Gallinger, late a Senator from
the State of New Hampshire.

Resolved, That as a marli of respect to the memory of the
deceased the Senate, in pursuance of an order lieretofore made,
assembles to enable his associates to pay proper tribute to his
high character and distinguished public services.

Resolved, That the Secretary communicate these resolutions
to the House of Representatives and transmit a copy thereof to
the family of the deceased.


Address of Mr. Hollis, of New Hampshire

Mr. President: My late distinguished colleague, the
Hon. Jacob Harold Gallinger, was the leader of his party
in the Senate and the veteran of this hody by two full
years in point of continuous service. He entered the
Senate March 4, 1891, serving without a break to the day
of his death, August 17, 1918, a period of 27 years.

Senator Gallinger began his political career in the New
Hampshire Legislature in 1872, serving there for sevel*al
terms, and later three terms in the State senate, where he
was twice president. He was a Member of the National
Congress for two terms before he entered the United
States Senate. For many years he was chairman of the
Republican State committee in New Hampshire.

The duties of these various offices he discharged with
industiy, intelligence, and dignity. He leaned toward the
formal in his conduct of public business, but he was de-
lightfullj' informal, genial, and kindlj' in his own home
and among his friends. He was ever ready to perform
favors for friend or foe. He was of an optimistic tem-
perament, wholesome, sane, uniformly cheerful and cour-
teous. It is delightful to one who has been his persistent
political adversary' from his home ward to the forum of
the Senate to be able to accord to him, without reserva-
tion, so much of praise.

His character and his attitude toward public questions
were conventional and consistent. One who luid followed
his course for a few years could foretell with certainty
how he would vote on any matter of importance. He was
sure not to be " the first by whom tlie new is tried," and
he was always among " tlie last to lay the old aside."


Memoiual Addhksses: Senator Gallinger

Senator Gallinger was a natural conservative. Hard
work and persistent effort had lifted him from lowly cir-
cumstances to a position of power and influence among
his fellows. The game of life was played in his genera-
tion according to his tastes and inclinations. He believed
that any man of average intelligence could get on in the
world if he would be sober, industrious, and thrift^'. He
did not believe that the country or the Government owed
any man more than this opportunity.

I think Senator Gallinger was frankly puzzled at the
era of change and reform in which he spent his declining
years. I used to see him in the Senate gazing at some col-
league whom he believed to be honest, wondering how
any intelligent man could utter such foolishness.

More than once he has said to me in substance : " I sup-
pose you young chaps consider me very old-fashioned.
Perhaps I am. But things look to me now as they have all
my life. I believe I am right, and I shall stick it out if I
have to stand alone."

His long and elevated allegiance to prohibition and
woman suffrage testify to his courage and independence.
I sincerely believe that the inevitable adoption of Federal
amendments on these subjects was hastened several years
by his advocacy and support. In these two respects he
departed from conventionalism and conservatism and be-
came progressive and radical. I think he delighted in
thus straying occasionally from the beaten conservative
path and plucking a few nosegays from Bohemian fields.
Most of his political associates were opposed to prohibi-
tion, and nearly all of them abhorred woman suffrage,
particularly in the early days. But he never faltered.

The name of my late colleague has been familiar to me
from boyhood. All my life he has been a leading citizen
of my native city. I remember hearing my father speak
of him in 187G, when I was only 7, and my father and Dr.


Adukkss of Mr. Hollis, ok New Hami'Shire

Gallinc.eh, as ho was Ihen known, were nionibcrs of the
New Hampshiro Constitutional Convention. His children
were my playmates and schoolmates, and his daughter sat
beside me during our first year in the Concord High

Dr. Gallinger enjoyed a good practice as a physician in
the best circles of Concord before he entered Congress, in
the days when a physician was not a specialist, but an
all-round general practitioner, family adviser, and friend.
My townsmen referred to him to the last as " Doctor "
Gallinger, feeling in some way that that appellation was
less formal than that of " Senator."

He was always prominent in advancing the cause of our
city and our State. In the old daj's there were perennial
contests in the State legislature and before the courts be-
tween the Concord Railroad and the Boston & Maine Rail-
road, which was then called a " foreigner." Dr. Gallin-
ger and my father always worked together for the inter-
ests of the Concord road against the foreign invader.
And it was characteristic of Senator Gallinger that he
continued those early friendships and alFiliations through-
out his life. He had a great gift in the way of staunch-
ness and loyalty to his friends.

Senator Gallinger was a tireless worker, and had little
patience with those who were lazy or inattentive. For 20
years I tended his skill in political campaigns, and I never
knew it to fail. No detail was overlooked. He kept track
of every absent voter, and found time to take a friendly
interest in promising young men of both parties just ap-
proaching their majority. The Democratic Partj' won no
important victories in New Hampshire until he retired as
chairman of the Republican State Committee in 1908.

My relations with my colleague were always cordial in
private life. In the Senate wc usually voted against each
other, but we never clashed in debate after the tariff con-

iMemorial Addresses: Senator Gallinc.er

test of 1913. We found many opportunities to reciprocate
favors, and we never hesitated to confer on matters in
which our constituents were interested.

I can testify with authority to the universal esteem in
which my late colleague was held hy Senators on this side
of the Chamber. I leave it to those who were associated
with him long years in the Senate to speak of his services
here. I have tried merely to outline his many fine quali-
ties as observed by a political antagonist of a younger gen-
eration who knew him as a good neighbor, a kind parent,
a devoted husband, and an exemplary citizen.

New Hampshire mourns his loss.


Address of Mr. Lodok, Of Massachusetts

Mr. President : " The man who was one of us has put on
the garment of Eternity and become radiant and tri-
umphant; the present is all at once the past; Hope is sud-
denly cut awaj' and only the backward vistas of Memory
remain, shone over by a light tlial proceeds not from this
earthly sun."

" This is a transition out of visible Time into invisible

And the questions which arise as we mourn for the
friend who has gone and strive to do him honor are two :
What did he do in the life that was granted him among
the generation and in the times where his lot was cast?
and the greater question, How did he live his life? What
a man was is ever more important than what he did.
Without misgiving we can ask and answer both questions
in the case of Senator Gallinger. A long life closing with
all that should accompany old age, " honor, love, obedi-
ence, troops of friends." A life beginning with the earn-
est pursuit and crowding activities of a noble profession
and then passing to many years of devoted public service
lasting longer than the lifetime of a generation of men.

For more tlian 27 j'cars he has served his State and his
country in the Senate of the United States. A great trust
this and finely executed. No more faithful public servant
ever sat in the great body of which he was so long an
honored Member. His diligence and industry never
flagged. He passed daily from the committee room,
where most of the hard work — never seen or compre-
hended fully by the j)ublic — is done, to the floor of the
Senate to continue his labors there. He was preeminently


Mkmohial Addresses: Sknatoh Gai.i.ingek

a good legislator. No measure that interested him, and
verj' few escaped his watchful ej'e, went through without
some improving touch from his skillful hand whenever
improvement was needed. He became a verj' able parlia-
mentarian, although not bred to the law, and was always
master of the business of the Senate. He was a strong
and effective debater, and upon the subjects which he
made peculiarly his own when he spoke at length it was
always with force, with thorough knowledge, and with
clear coordination of all parts of his subject and all
phases of the argument. His career was one of real bene-
fit and wide-reaching usefulness to his fellow men and
of ever-growing distinction until he became and secureh'
held a high eminence as one of the best known and most
trusted statesmen of the Republic. The words " ever
growing " can be accurately used in regard to Senator
Gallinger, for his mental and bodily strength until two
years ago was never abated. He had reached his eightieth
year before he had the severe illness which gave the first
indication of his advanced age. Even then, after his re-
covery, when he returned to his work, he labored as be-
fore and his wise counsel and strong but kindly influence
were as potent as ever. Never for a moment did he lag
superfluous upon the stage or through disease or weak-
ness fail in any duty.

He had the respect, the confidence, and the affection of
his fellow Senators on both sides of the Chamber to a
degree rarely equaled. This was not owing to any arts
practiced for popularity'; still less to being all things to all
men, which was impossible to him. It was wholly due to
his character, to the quality of tlie man. In other words, to
what he was, the second and the greater touchstone, and
this proved him to be current gold indeed. He was a man
of strong character and rigid honesty alike in thought, in
word, and in action. He had strong likes and dislikes,


Address of Mr. Lodge, of Massachlsetts

dec'p-r()olc<l convictions, and entire courage, and these are
the qualities which in the long run always command re-
spect; and if they are allied as they were in him with great
kindness, a most genuine modesty, keen sympathy, and a
real tender-heartedness for all who sorrow or are heavy
laden, affection is sure to follow close upon respect. He
was a good man, highest praise of all, never prim or prud-
ish or intolerant, incapable of hypocrisy, and yet always a
good man without casuistrj' or debate and without spot or
blemish upon which envy, hatred, or malice could lay a
pain-giving touch. He had many a hard-fought contest
and he never asked quarter or shrank from striking a
hard blow for the truth as he saw it, but about himself he
never had anything to explain. His life was an open book
and he guarded no secrets.

Many heavy sorrows came to him, and he felt them
deeply, but he met them bravely, and went on with his
public work unrelaxing and undaunted.

So death came to him with the harness on his back, as
he would have wished — came to him when he was filled
with overpowering, yearning anxiety for his beloved
countrj' in the hour of extreme stress and trial. Those
who knew, him, those who were with him in all his daily
work, will miss him sadly. To those nearest and dearest
to him his death is an irreparable loss. But for him all is
well. In the fullness of his years, loved and honored bj'
his friends and countrj-men, with but little suffering he
has come to the inevitable end. Witli all truth and with
devout and tender feeling we may repeat the beautiful
words :

" Well done, thou good and faithful servant, enter thou into
the joy of thy Lord."


Address of Mr. Warren, of Wyoming

Mr. President: We have assembled to-day to pay trib-
ute to the memory of our late and much-beloved col-
league, .Jacob, Harold Gallinger, who was one of the many
great men the State of New Hampshire has produced,
and one of the most useful statesmen this body has known.

Other Senators, who feel his loss no more keenly than
I do, will doubtless recount better than I can the many
interesting facts that concerned his long career of hon-
orable public service. Therefore, I shall speak but briefly
regarding those facts.

Jacob H. Gallinger was born on a Canadian farm and
was one of a large family of children. In his youth he
learned the printer's trade and later studied medicine,
and was graduated in that profession, which he followed
until he entered Congress as a Member of the House of
Representatives in 1885. He served in the House through-
out two Congresses, the Forty-ninth and Fiftieth, declined
renomination for election to the Fifty-first Congress, and
came to the Senate in the Fifty-second Congress, his term
commencing March 4, 1891.

My own service in the United States Senate commenced
three months prior to that time, so I was one of those
permitted to welcome him when he came. But, alas, it
has been more than a decade since the last one of all the
others of the then sitting Members of this body passed
out of service here. Senator Gallinger served continu-
ously from his first entrance into the Senate until his
death, while my fate was to retire for one Congress. So
the Senator had had, in fact, a considerably longer service
at the time of his death than any of the remaining Mem-


Addhess ()!• Mii. Waiuucn, oi' Wvomini;

It was llu' privilege of several of us iiere to have known
Senator Gallinger during a large part of his 33 years'
ser\'icc in Congress, and I am certain that not one of his
former colleagues who have outlived him, whether his
acquaintanceship was for a longer or shorter period, will
gainsay my statement that Senator Gallinger was one of
the most lovable, faithful, and courteous men we have
had with us in this close association of the Senate Cham-
ber, which gives men opportunity to know each other
most intimately and to observe at close range each other's
liuman weaknesses as well as strength.

In that connection I am reminded of the words of the
essayist, Emerson, who said that " Other men are lenses
through which we read our own minds." That idea be-
comes real to us as we gather here each day and look into
the lenses for the thoughts of our fellow Senators and
the rctlcctions of our own thoughts. And most of us will
recall the many times we have consulted with our friend
who has left us, as we have endeavored to inform our-
selves and to adjust our own minds.

I have never known Senator Gallinger to shirk a duty
or responsibility. On the contrary, I have known him to
be present here and engage in burdensome tasks when his
strength was not equal to the demands made upon it.

We were fellow members of several conunittees dur-
ing our many years of service together; but our longest
and closest association was as co-members of the Com-
mittee on Appropriations, covering a period of 15 years.
There it was especially noticeable that the successive
chairmen and members alike had the greatest respect for
Senator Gallinger's sound judgment and keen common
sense regarding matters of legislation — partially inherent
and partially acquired by long experience and strict at-
tention to his public duties. He could always be relied
upon as a sort of anchor when either parsimony or ex-


Mf.morial Addresses : Senator Cim.i.ingkr

Iravagaiicf llircaUiud lo upset things somewhat for the
time being.

His long service as member, and for many years as
chairman, of the Committee on the District of Columbia
enabled him to contribute to the Appropriations Commit-
tee assistance of inestimable value in connection with the
ofttimes difficult matters that surround District appro-
priations. Incidentally, his fairness in dealing with Dis-
trict matters, his willingness to give all factions respectful
hearing in cases of dispute, endeared him to the hearts of
all District residents who are interested in the legislative
and administrative affairs of this city.

While attending strictly to his duties as a legislator, our
good friend who has gone beyond did not lose interest in
his earlier profession of medicine and surgerj'. His older
friends habitually addressed him as " Doctor Gallinger ";
hospitals were aided by him and named for him; and my
belief is that he took great pride in the title and pro-

For many years I have known in what high esteem
Senator Gallinger has been held by all those in the hum-
bler walks of life who have had occasion to consult him
about their business and personal affairs. Their verdict
has been universal regarding his never-failing kindliness
and generosity.

Indeed, we shall never know a kindlier man and
friend — and when we speak of him as a consistent, loyal
friend, which he was, we give him the highest title we can
possibly bestow.

Fast as Itie rolling seasons bring

Tlie hour of fate to tliose we love,
Eacli pearl that leaves the broken string

Is set in Friendship's crown above.

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Online LibraryUnited States. 65th Congress, 3d sessionJacob Harold Gallinger (late a senator from New Hampshire) Memorial addresses delivered in the Senate and House of representatives of the United States, Sixty-fifth Congress, third session → online text (page 1 of 10)