5th (1861-1865) United States. Army. Connecticut Infantry Regiment.

Fifth Connecticut Volunteers, dedication, excursion and reunion, at Gettysburg, August 8th, 9th and 10th, 1887 online

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Online Library5th (1861-1865) United States. Army. Connecticut Infantry RegimentFifth Connecticut Volunteers, dedication, excursion and reunion, at Gettysburg, August 8th, 9th and 10th, 1887 → online text (page 1 of 3)
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At the 19th annual reunion of the Reunion Association
of the Fifth Connecticut Volunteers, held at New Haven,
August 10, 1885, it was voted :

"1. That a committee of three be appointed to examine the whole
subject of appropriately marking the position in the line of battle at
Gettysburg, Penn., fortified and occupied by the regiment July 2, 1863,
and to report on the ways and means therefor at the next annual meet-

2. That Surgeon J. B. Lewis, Lieut. Colonel Wm. S. Cogswell and
Colonel George D. Chapman, be such committee."

During the winter following, the committee presented
the subject to the Legislature and secured from it an
appropriation of $500 for the monument to be erected, and
it also agreed upon a design for it.

The committee reported its action to the 20th Reunion
held at Middletown, August 9, 1886, when it was resolved
as follows :

1. " That Surgeon John B. Lewis, Colonel Geo. D. Chapman, Lieut.
Colonel Wm. S. Coggswell and Captain E. E. Marvin be appointed a
committee to receive the amount appropriated by the State under the
resolution, approved April 13, 188G, providing for memorials on the
battle field of Gettysburg."

2. ' ' That said committee be authorized to make all necessary arrange-
ments for having the memorial erected."

3. "That the design presented by the committee be adopted."


The committee were called together to locate the monu-
ment and make arrangements for the dedication at Gettys-
burg, Penn., May 19th, 7 p. m. Major Webster kindly
came from Washington to meet the committee, and acted
with them.

Major E. V. Preston and Captain D. B. Hamilton were
added to the committee and notified.

The committee found that they were in danger of
"reckoning without their host," and concluded that
before deciding anything as to the arrangements, the
number to arrange for be ascertained.

For this purpose the circular of June 1, was arranged
and circulated, setting forth the special train plan.

On the 28th day of June, a second meeting of the com-
mittee was held at New Haven, and it was found that but
thirty had pledged themselves to go, but it being believed
that many others preferred this plan and designed to go,
but for some reason had neglected to give notice of such
intention, it was thought best to give a limit for such
notices, and accordingly the circular of July 1, was

The limit of July 20, passed and but fifty-six had
pledged to go by special train plan, and July 22, the com-
mittee met for the last time in Bridgeport and arranged
the excursion as set forth in the programme, circulated to
all members July 25, and which was substantially fol-
lowed and carried out.


Before eight o'clock, August 8, comrades had com-
menced to assemble at the New York station of the Penn-
sylvania Railroad Company, foot of Cortlandt Street, and
from that time until nine o'clock the frequent arrival of
others made it a continual reunion of veterans.

Badges were here distributed bearing the red star of the
Twelfth Army Corps, and the words "Fifth Connecticut
Veteran Volunteers, Grettysburg, 1887."

Two passenger cars were placed at the exclusive use of
the excursionists for the round trip without change, and


at 9:15 we sped away westward from Jersey City, enjoy-
ing the most comfortable weather that had brightened
any morning since July came in. Tlie following are
the names of the party :


Chas. H. Corey, Delano Carpenter, Colonel Geo. D.
Chapman, L. G. Clark, C. S. Lyman, Lieut. Colonel Wm.
S. Cogswell, Capt. E. J. Rice, Luke Flynn, Michael Shea,
Charles C. Higby, Timothy Quinn, J. H. Mintie, Samuel
Woodruff, David E. Godfrey, Capt. John H. Brewster,
H. B. Curtis, Lieut. Geo. F. Selleck, Lieut. E. A. Sage,
E. A. Alvord, Captain Wilson Wyant, John A. Bowen,
E. R. Gilbert, Wm. Snagg, J. A. Linsley, Edwin E.
Symonds, Adolphus Mush, Lieut. Wm. H. Webster,
Henry T. Baldwin, Captain E. E. Marvin, Captain D. B.
Hamilton, Charles B. Mattoon, Colonel W. W. Packer,
Captain H. P. Rugg, Wm. E. Beers, Captain James Stew-
art, Rufus Mead, C. F. Blodgett, C. F. Hallock, Major E.
V. Preston, Geo. A. Case, Chaplain Horace Winslow,
Richard H. Skinner, Surgeon J. B. Lewis, E. B. Cooledge,
Henry Hart, Geo. B. Squires, Barney Gilroy.


Mrs. Geo. D. Chapman, Middletown, Ct., Miss May L.
Chapman, Middletown, Ct., N. M. Fanning, Westport,
Ct., Geo. Edward Cogswell, Jamaica, N. Y., Samuel
Brewster, Birmingham, Ct., John M. ^Nettleton, New
Haven, Ct., A. W. Williams, New Britain, Ct., Henry H.
Gray, So. Norwalk, Ct., Mrs. C. F. Hallock, So. Nor-
walk, Ct., Miss Alice McGuernsey, So. Norwalk, Ct., N.
E. Peck, So. Norwalk, Ct., Frank M. Selleck, New Haven,
Ct., J. H. Batterson, Trenton, N. J., Mrs. J. H. Batter-
son, Trenton, N. J., Jesse Batterson, Trenton, N. J.,
Carlton Grant, Rockville, Ct., Albert Hyneck, Rockville,
Ct., F. A. Linsley, Branford, Ct., Joseph Curtis, Bran-
ford, Ct., J. Hubert Bradley, Branford, Ct., E. T. Spooner,


Warehouse Point, Ct., Matthew Tucker, Warehouse
Point, Ct., James Hartenstein, Baltimore, Md., E. J.
Moore, Middletown, Ct., A. D. Jackson, Middletown, Ct.,
John Buchannon, Waterbury, Conn., E. R. Lampson,
Waterbury, Ct., C. P. Bronson, Waterbury, Ct., W. D.
Carter, Waterbury, Ct., Matthew Addison, Waterbury,
Ct., Mrs. D. B. Hamilton, Waterbury, Ct., Mrs. Warren
W. Packer, Mystic River, Ct., Mrs. Chas. B. Mattoon,
Frederick, Md., E. G. Lasbury, Hartford, Ct., Richard
McCrone, Hartford, Ct., Mrs. Urania Rugg, Middletown,
Ct., Alfred Howe, Birmingham, Ct., Frederick Carter,
Waterbury, Ct., Samuel S. Hurd, Monroe, Ct., W. E.
Burns, Goodspeeds, Ct., Watson Olmsted, So. Norwalk,
Ct., Eugene Case, Plantsville, Ct., Miss Nellie I. Cooledge,
East Hartford, Ct., M. G. Addison, 340 Bridge Street,
Brooklyn, N. Y.

Twenty minutes were given for lunch at Philadelphia,
where we arrived at 11:30, and again we were going west-
ward towards Harrisburg, over one of the best roads and
through some of the finest country in the world.

We did not forget the impression that these huge red
farm barns, beside the more modest farm houses, made
upon us as we lazily crawled through Pennsylvania on
our way to the front more than twenty-six years ago.

At Harrisburg, we were switched to the Cumberland
Valley Railroad, and after twenty minutes delay were on
our way again, but this time southward.

Eight or ten of such as would own up that they could
sing were now assembled, and under the leadership of
Sergeant George B. Squires, of Brooklyn, N. Y., and
Mr. Matthew Tucker, of Warehouse Point, a vetei-an of
the 13th New Jersey, of our old division, which dedicated
their monument July 4th, when he was unable to at-
tend, and who was now making the excursion with us,
developed at once remarkably good music, and assured
us that we should be able to meet all the demands of our
programme in that respect.

At 5:55 we were delivered in safety at the depot in Get-
tysburg, and in a very few minutes were all established


in very good quarters under v^evy many different roofs,
and all of which proved very satisfactory.

Most of the members of the excursion had assembled at
the Eagle Hotel, at 8 p. m., to participate in tlie reception
announced for that hour and place in the programme,
when an invitation was received from the officers of Cor-
poral Skelly Post, No. 9, Department of Pennsylvania,
G. A. R., to occupy their hall for that purpose.

The invitation was accepted. We marched to the hall,
about three blocks away, which was a commodious room,
made doubly interesting to us by its treasures of relics
from the battle field.


Captain E. J. Rice presided. Wide awake speeches
were made by Captain Rice, Lieut. -Colonel Cogswell,
Barney Gilroy, Captain H. P. Rugg, Captain James
Stewart, and others, and glorious music was furnished by
Sergeant Squires and his "Duffers," as he called the
band of singers which he headed.

At 10 p. M. the meeting adjourned, and marched back
to the hotel, where the " Duffers" again, gathered around
the center table, made music all the night, or at least
until they had gone through the whole list of army songs
and repeated many of them t vice over.

At 8 o'clock August 9th, the company were promptly
on hand for the carriages. At 9 a. m. we were at the
monument in the woods to the right or south of Culp's
Hill, ready for the exercises.

It was a cool, deliglitful morning, still and quiet ; and
the few Hecks of sunlight that fell brought no discomfort
to our little party, as it dismounted and took its stand at
the right of the monument in a little opening in the wood
free from tree trunks and rocks, and a very pleasant con-
gregation of the good people of Gettysburg, already on
upon the ground, closed in around us.

Several bouquets of bright colored flowers had been
placed on our tablet, through the kindness of Miss Annie
Bushman, of Gettysburg.



Colonel George D. Chapman, of Middletown, Conn.,
the second colonel of the regiment, commanding it during
its most notable campaign, presided.

The Gettysburg Battlefield Memorial Association was
represented by John W. Krauth, J. Lawrence Schick
and J. A. Kirtzmiller, Esqs., of Gettysburg.

The exercises commenced with singing "America," by
our choir, the whole congregation joining with wonderful

Rev. Horace Winslow, of Simsbury, Conn., the second
chaplain of the regiment, offered prayer.

Colonel W. W. Packer, of Mystic River, Conn., who
commanded the regiment at Gettysburg, in 1863, followed
with a welcoming speech to comrades, as follows :

My Dear Colonel, Mr. President, Comrades, Ladies and Gentlemen :

Your worthy committee has selected me to extend a welcome to you
on this occasion.

Words are inadequate to express the satisfaction that it gives me to
perform this service. You are thrice welcome here to-day. You were
received upon this ground once before ; but how different the surround-
ings. Then you came by the orders of your commanders, to repel the
enemies of your country. To-day you come with your hearts overflow-
ing with happiness, mingled with sorrow ; happiness to greet your sur-
viving comrades, and sorrow with the memories of our martyrs, for we
miss those heroic comrades whom we honor upon this occasion.

You are indeed welcome, because you, by your bravery and sacrilices,
made it possible for us to meet together here. You are welcome, because
this crimson field is a part of our inheritance, made so by the blood
of our comrades. Twenty-four years have passed away, since we stood
shoulder to shoulder upon this forever memorable field, intent in giving
our lives, if necessary, to preserve our Republic, and the Union of the
States, intact and free. Once again, thank Heaven, we meet together
here, but how different now our mission ; then to protect and preserve
the nation's life; now to place an enduring symbol of honor above the
brave heroes, who lost their lives in the great pivotal battle. Twenty-
four years ago, my voice was the voice of command; now it is simply
the voice of happy and sacred comradeship. When the memories of

dp:dication kxcijhsion and reunion.

those three days pass before me, they distinctly recall the forms of
those who fell that the nation might live, and I find myself ever asking
this question: Was the sacrifice too great, and are lessons of the war
taught to those who follow us ? Why do we honor the memories of
our fallen comrades ? It is to teach the lesson of the immeasurable
worth of Liberty, and that it is well to die that our country may live.

We cannot forget those brave men, our fallen comrades, and we love
to meet and do honor to their memories. We, who were among the
favored ones to survive the bloody conflict, and to whom this task is
assigned, are proud in the fulfillment of this duty; our hearts are in
this work. And who can tell a soldier's heart, except a soldier. Who
but ourselves and those like us, who heard the call from Sumter, and
the echoing call from Abraham Lincoln, and the summons from the
noble Buckingham, and from all the loyal bosoms of our land, who
sprang from our peaceful and happy homes, from farm and shop, and
peaceful mart, who hastened to the embattled front, under the radiant
and inspiring stars and stripes, who trod the fiery fields, and met the
hosts of revolt; who but we, and such as we, can understand the
thoughts and feelings that Animate our souls, that bind us together in
an unspeakable and indissoluble fellowship, and that give to this gory
field, and others kindred to it, an immortal fame. Comrades, our
hearts are too full of great recollections, of great throbs of patriotic
sentiments, of great perils endured, of great sacrifices freely made, that
freedom might triumph over oppression and rebellion, and that the
starry flag of this Union might forever wave "o'er the land of the free
and the home of the brave." Comrades, it is an unutterable satisfac-
tion to us to extend to each other our greetings here on this great stage,
where we were actors in one of the greatest war dramas of history,
where the tide of a gigantic rebellion was turned back, and our eclipsed
stars began to shine again through the sulphurous clouds. And here
we are inexpressibly happy in the full conviction and proof, now on
every hand admitted, that the triumph of the union arms was the sal-
vation of our whole country, north and south, east and west, the regen-
eration of our republic, and the redemption of our continent. Words
are weak-winged in this new and high historic air, that God has
breathed upon this field.

Welcome! Welcome! Thrice welcome! With old and new cheers,
loved comrades of the Connecticut "Volunteers.


Poem by Captain E. B. Marvin, of Hartford, Conn., as
follows :

Connecticut's bull dogs.

The brave and true do never die.
If so in name, still in our hearts
Their life, perennial springs, for aye, —
Renewed, as on the generations march,
In every generous soul for others given ;
And so we come to see and feel and know.
An immortality beneath the heaven,
A glorious life, forever borne below.
As in the shock of deadly charge
A stricken flag to earth, may lower,
Yet scarcely droop before we see emerge
A score of stalwart arms to bear it high once more.
So sooner than the memory of the true can fade,
Their life caught up along the lii^.
Doth all the following ranks pervade,
And with redoubled lustre shine.
The patriot blood, that flowed upon thy hills,
Oh, Gettysburg, poured forth no precious life.
Which lives not yet, and evermore distills.
Through all the columns marshalled in the strife;
What if their lustrous names shall fainter wear,
And dim forgetfullness like dust from marching men,
Too soon invade these legends fair.
Their cause was truth's, and for such end,
They flung their youthful lives upon the die;
So in its triumph do they live again ;
Each season's leaves in dust forgotten fly.
The oak they build, for ages doth remain.

'Tis not for those who fought or fell.
Or sank to earth with bleeding wound,
We dedicate this spot by patriots held, —
Along this battle line, this sacred ground ;
We come to place this modest block to stand,
To show, when we march on and pass away,
Where Connecticut's sons, a gallant band,
Stood staunch and ready for the fray.
'Twas not for them, a§ oft before.
To lead the charging lines through deadly fire,
Sweeping with desperate strife and contest sore
The stalwart lines of gray with carnage dire.


As on that day, so full of pride and grief,
Which, dawned with Cedar Mountain at the front,
Which closed, each company undone, each tent bereaved,
On which their old brigade had borne the brunt.
Had swept through triple lines of foes alone.
Had grandly won, while yet the field was lost.
And Dutton, Smith and Blake and Stone,
A hundred brave ones more, the awful cost.

Nor yet, at dead of night, midst winter's snow,
To break their camp in blinding storm;
Climbing South Mountain, toiling slow,
Freezing, along the slippery way, till morn.
Themselves, in Stonewall Jackson's path, to place.
To keep him off the soil of Maryland ; —
How well they learned, repeating oft this race.
The road from Muddy Branch to Cumberland.

Nor yet indeed to stay the surging tide.
When Stonewall's legions, circling wide and far.
With overwhelming force and giant stride.
Had pounced on unformed ranks with wild huzza.
Smiting the panic stricken crowd with fierce assault,
Where but the grip of steady lines of men.
Could bring the yelling devils to a halt,
And firmly push them back again.

Nor yet with deadly leaden hail.
From rock and tree to drive a stubborn foe.
Up, backward from the Peach Tree's tangled vale,
Till when the ridge was won, Atlanta lay below.

Nor yet, as later on, with constant tramp
And trudge from day to day and week to week.
They southward lugged their shifting camp;
Straight into Georgia took a headlong leap;
Resolved in sooth to be or not to be.
To loose the rebel heartstrings at the core,
To cut a Union highway to the sea,
And drive Rebellion from the shore.

Not such indeed was here their high behest.
But yet along this ridge they held their sway.
Behind each tree a Yankee soldier pressed,
Around each rock a dozen watching lay ;


They peered along the aisles of yonder wood,
No stirring thing escaped inspection close,
At hand their loaded rifles stood,
"Old Ferry's Bulldogs" at their post.

Upon the line of yonder mound, they piled
Huge trunks of trees in strong defense ;
Behind them, wrought the expectant files,
And busy plied the spade along the trench.
They worked and watched for foe to dare,
Of all that wide encircling rebel host,
To dare and face them in this rocky lair,
"Old Ferry's Bulldogs " at their post.

Ah, yes, when comes a charging, yelling throng.
Naught but to fight, will do as well,
But good enough it is, to be entrenched so strong,
And safe ; the dangerous looks alone, repel !
So here they wrought and stood in stout array,
> Prejiared to fight, is all their boast,

Kept patient ward throughout the day,
"Old Ferry's Bulldogs " at their post.

Historic, grows this battle line.
Its heroes here its varying scenes review,
Its deep significance the clearer shines.
As pregnant years retouch the picture new ;
Where stood each line that met invasion here,
The grateful States, some monument impose,
As we to-day with pride this stone uprear.
Where stood our " Bull dogs " at their post.

Illustrious field ! Along these terraced heights
Was bought, how dear, a nation's unity ;
Yea, more, here grew the Union's stars and stripes
To be the flag of human liberty !
And while these oaks shall lift their arms above
To wave to favoring heaven their leafy host.
All hearts the spot shall stronger love
Where stood the nation's guardians at their post.


Oration by Lieut. -Colonel William S. Cogswell, of
Jamaica, N. Y. :

Comrades : — Many years, nearly a quarter of a century, have passed
since we here stood side by side with those prepared to seal the full
measure of devotion to liberty and country with their lives. How great
the contrast between that gathering and this ! Now the ear can catch
only the sound of singing birds, of yonder murmuring brook, or per-
chance the laughter of children at play around their happy homes.
These kindly woods give shelter from the heat ; the neighl)()ring fields,
clothed with rank on rank of waving corn, show only nature's bounty.
The smoke that rises so dreamily from the town speaks to us only of
industry and thrift, while the more distant hills form a fitting frame-
work to a scene so suggestive of prosperity and peace. What stranger
standing here to-day could even dream of the awful scenes that once
made these woods and hills and plains a living hell of passion, suffering
and death ?

I shall not attempt to tell the story of the battle nor recount in detail
our part in it. It was our good fortune that, though sent to almost
every part of the line as emergency required, the regiment was not
seriously engaged, and our losses were light. As you remember, our
corps reached Gettysburg on the afternoon of the 1st, too late to parti-
cipate in the contest of that day, but bringing relief to the heroic band
whose desperate resistance against overwhelming odds had saved the
field, and made final victory possible. Here on the morning of the
2nd, we built the works that crowned this crest. In the afternoon we
went with our division to the relief of Sickles on our left, only the lead-
ing brigade becoming engaged. Held there in reserve until after night-
fall, on attempting to return to our works, we found them in possession
of the enemy. At daylight on the 3d the contest to regain them opened,
but before the infantry became engaged the regiment was detached to
support Winnegar's battery, near the Baltimore pike, and just at night
was sent to support the cavalry on our extreme right. On the morning
of the 4th, the regiment went with the cavalry across our right front,
found the enemy had retired from the town, and then rejoined the bri-
gade in the works we had built here on the 2d. Such is the brief story
of our part in that eventful combat.

Comrades, we gather here to-day not because of the part we took in
this and other battles of the war. We took the field in answer to our
country's cry for help, and in so doing did but our bounden duty. God,
in His providence, permitted us to see the end accomplished, to know
that all the sacrifice, suffering and sorrow was not in vain, and "that
government of the people, by the people, for the people, did not perish
from off the earth." We richly enjoy the results that followed our final


success, and a grateful country has honored us as no nation ever did
reward its defenders. But we were not all. What of those who went
forth with us in answer to that cry and for whom at roll call some comrade
must answer, " Died on the field of battle" ? What of those who sleep
in the valley of the Shenandoah, and on the slopes of Cedar Mountain ;
at Chancellorsville, Resaca and Dallas; at Kennesaw Mountain and
Gulp's Farm by Peach Tree Creek, at Atlanta and Silver Run ? At the
mention of these names how memory sweeps away the years ! Again we
hear their voices and touch elbows with our fellow comrades.

Ah, yes, for them, and that the memory of their valor, patriotism and
death shall never fade, it is most fitting that we who survive them
should gather here to recount the story of their heroic deeds and in-
scribe them on enduring granite, that in the years to come our children's
children may repeat the tale and teach their children to honor and re-
vere the names of those who died that we and the nation might live.

After tlie speecli of Colonel Cogswell the formal pre-
sentation of the monument was made by Lieutenant-Col
onel John B. Lewis, Surgeon of the regiment and Chair
man of the committee, his address being as follows :


Comrades : It becomes my duty, as chairman of your Memorial Mon-
ument Committee, to briefly review some of the events which have led
to our gathering here to-day. At our regimental reunions, the subject
of placing a monument on this field to mark the position of the Fifth,
has been frequently discussed, but with no formal action until at the
meeting of August 9th, 1885, when a committee was appointed to take
the preliminary steps to accomplish this purpose. At our next reunion,
August 9th, 1886, the committee was instructed to continue its work,

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Online Library5th (1861-1865) United States. Army. Connecticut Infantry RegimentFifth Connecticut Volunteers, dedication, excursion and reunion, at Gettysburg, August 8th, 9th and 10th, 1887 → online text (page 1 of 3)