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A. A. (Albert Alonzo) Pomeroy.

History and genealogy of the Pomeroy family, colateral lines in family groups, Normandy, Great Britain and America; comprising the ancestors and descendants of Eltweed Pomeroy from Beaminster, County Dorset, England, 1630 (Volume pt. 3) online

. (page 1 of 38)
Online LibraryA. A. (Albert Alonzo) PomeroyHistory and genealogy of the Pomeroy family, colateral lines in family groups, Normandy, Great Britain and America; comprising the ancestors and descendants of Eltweed Pomeroy from Beaminster, County Dorset, England, 1630 (Volume pt. 3) → online text (page 1 of 38)
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THE N£vV YORK

PUBLIC LIBRARY

I AoTOf^. LENOX AND
I ll-OEN FOUNDATIONS
j P Ifl2i L



Copyright, 1922

BY

ALBERT A. POMEROY



The Number of your Book

1 OA



OKO. A. DRAKE A CO.
DETROIT



VI



"The Genealogy of the Pomeroy Family is a
volume of 962 closely printed pages [aside from 78
pages of illustrations] that was published four years
ago. At the time of its publication there was a full
description of the book in these columns. At that
time the secretary and historian of the Pomeroy
Family Association was Albert A. Pomeroy of
Sandusky, Ohio, who has been continued in the
office. The volume represents the expenditure
of a large amount of time and money, and the
genealogies of the different generations are concise,
so that each page contains as much information as is
found in some genealogical pamphlets."

— Boston Transcript.

The History and Genealogy of the Pomeroy
Family: "The book selected by the New England
Register for attack, is a splendid work of 1040 royal
octavo pages, with about eighty interesting illustra-
tions, the whole well printed in excellent type on
beautiful white paper and handsomely bound, while
in subject matter and contents it is, to an historian,
of all genealogies which I have ever examined the
one most notable and historically most valuable."
— The "Journal of American History, \o\ XI, No. 2,



VII



l^htrattott



To the memory of Dr. Hiram Sterling Pomeroy,
who passed to his reward on April 20, 1917, at Auburn-
dale, Mass. He studied medicine at Yale and received
the degree of M.D. at Leipsic, and in 1891 the degree
of M.A. from Yale; Fellow of the Massachusetts
Medical Society; member of the American Academy
Pol. and Social Science; President of the Pomeroy
Family Association, and a generous contributor to the
work and expense; and a prolific writer.



VIII



ODffurrfi of tlir {Iomrrni| ^Family Afiunrialian

President — Hon. George Eltweed Pomerov, Toledo, Ohio.

First Vice-Presidoit — S. Harris Pomeroy, New York City, and New
Rochelle, New York.

Second Vice-President — Robert Watson Pomeroy, Esq., Buifalo, N. Y.,
and Camden, S. C.

Secretary mid Historian — Lieut. Col. Albert A. Pomeroy, State
Soldiers Home, Erie County, Ohio, and Sandusky, Ohio.



IX



Ql0ttt?nt0 of Part ®Ijr??



^iatorg attJ» (Bmmlo^^ of ll|0 Pomprog 3Ramtlg



Frontispiece ^ ii

POMEROY CoAT-OF-ArMS ff . . /W ill

Title Page v

Copyright vi

The Number of Your Book vi

Gratifying Quotations vii

Dedication viii

Officers of the Pomeroy Family Association ix

Contents x

List of Illustrations xii

Quotation from Journal of American History xiii

Part Three — History and Genealogy of the Pomeroy Family 14

Preface IS

First Progenitors of the Pomeroy Race 19

La Pommeraye in Normandy 20

Ruins of La Pommeraye Castle, Normandy 22

The Origin of the Name Pomeroy 23

Authentic Names of the Companions of William the Conqueror on Tablet 27

The Domesday Book 28

Eltweed Pomeroy's Enterprise in Beaminster 29

Letter of Commendation with His Signature 30

Deposition of Eltweed Written by Himself 32

Pedigree of the Descendants of Eltweed Pomeroy 35

Developments in the American Pomeroy Race 43

Extensions and Errata in Parts One and Two 143

A Study in Heredity — Pomeroy Characteristics 146

X



Ancient Pomeroy Seals and Charters 155

Deed of Gift from Reginald, Earl of Cornwall, to his Sistf.r Rohesia de

La Pomeraie 156

Feet of Fines 159

A Mail-Clad Norman Knight and his Castle 160

The Building of the Castle 161

An Old English Church Crisis 162

Berry Pomeroy and the Towns ok the Dart 165

Honours of Harberton and Totten 168

Musters Taken in County Dorset 170

John Pomeroy, Gent 1 70

Inquisitions Post Mortem 1 76

Early Chancery Proceedings 182

Chapter of Devon, Dorset and Cornwall Wills 197

Lay Subsidy Rolls 201

Study of Vivian and Bond Unpublished MSS 205

Eltwitt Pomeroy's Birth the First Record in Beaminster Register 210

The Great Release and Transfer of Pomeroy Manors 222

Chancery Decree Rolls 225

The Force of Actual Record Authority 232

Heraldic Analysis of Harleian MSS. 1091 . . 233

Some Gratifying English Records 234

About the Pomeroy Pamphlet Number One 256

Criticism of a Stupid Attack on the Pomeroy Genealogy 259

Controversy Determined by Scientific Analysis 260

"A GENEALOGICAL CAUSE CELEBRE" 261

Difficulties of British Pedigree Building 267

Unassailable Strength of the Heraldic Rights of the Pomeroy Race 271

A New "Deteckative School of Genealogical Deteckating" 291

Collapse of the New England Register's Last Bridge 299



XI



litat of JUuatrattoit0



Face Page

Frontispiece, View of the Ruins of Berry-Pomeroy Castle from the Limekiln . . II

The Pomeroy Coat-of-Arms In Colors T/2^:&?:^rt*^^\^^. 3^,:'^ III

Engraved Title Page In Colors f. . iy. ..... V

Ruins of La Pommeraie Castle at Saint Sauvieur de La Pommeraie, Normandy. . 22

Tablet with Engraved Names of the Companions of William the Conqueror. ... 27

The Ancient Church at Dives, Normandy, where the Tablet is Preserved 27

The First of Seven Pages of the Domesday Book, First Census of England. . . 28

Letter of Commendation Showing Signature of Eltweed Pomeroy 31

Three Sons of Medad Pomeroy, Eighth Generation in America 43

Hon. Theodore Medad Pomeroy 85

Deed of Gift from Reginald, Earl of Cornwall, to Rohesia de La Pomerie. .. . 155

Ancient Seal and Charter of Henry de La Pomeroy 157

Horn Hill Tunnel between Beaminster, Dorset, and Crewkerne, Somerset. . . . 210

Market Square, Crewkerne, Somerset 232

View of the Ruins of Berry-Pomeroy Castle, South Front 260



XII



Part Three of the History and Genealogy of the
Pomeroy Family is essentially a Ixwjk of the Pomcroy
Race. It is a hook of sources; of reference, and for the
present the conclusion of the research for the early
records of those wIkj hear this distinctive name. In
this volume may be found about all the records of
Pomcroy men and women preserved in the parish
registers of Devon, Dorset, Cornwall and Somerset
Counties, Kngland. Also, many of the loose ends
which have been dangling through more than nine
centuries which the Pomeroy name has endured in its
integrity; and it is safe to assert that ir is one of the
most ancient names of record, and may be traced from
its infancy in Normandy.

"Having a distinctive .surname, confined to a single
kinship to deal witii, Col. Pomeroy has taken advantage
of the opportunity by following the history of the race
on botli sides of the ocean personally to a degree which
is almost or quite unprecedented, making his work, to
an historian, or sociologist, as I have said, the most
valuable genealogy which has appeared in print to date,
.so far as my knowledge goes. And this is the book
selected by the New England Registei- for attack. In
examining the attack critically, therefore, I do not feel
that I am defending a book merely, but the entire
science of genealogy." — Frank Allaben, Editor-in-Chief
of the Journal of Atnerican History.

AUTHORITIES

Dictionaire Georgraphique et Administratif de la

France.

The Great Rolls of the Exchequer of Normandy.

M. de Gerville.

The Red Book of the Court of the Exchequer

(Henry II).

The Domesday Book.

Chancery Depositions, Public Record Office, London.

Parish Registers of Counties Cornwall, Devon, Dorset,

and Somerset.

Principal Probate Registry, London.

The Journal of American History.



XIII



Part ®Ifr^^



XIV



Pr^fac^ til |Iart ihl]m



While it is not necessary to recite in this additional Part Three to the
History and Genealogy of rhc I\mieroy Family any details about the elegant
material and construction of the Pomeroy Family Book, or the satisfaction
and pleasure with which the same was received by all members of the Pomeroy
race, so far as heard from, perhaps it is advisable to state here the reasons
which have prompted the annalist to publish this smaller volume at this time.
The fact that there remains not one copy of the History and (Genealogy of
the Pomeroy Family unsold is sufficient evidence that the volume was in
demand from the date of publication in 1912.

The History and Genealogy of the Pomeroy Family consists of Part One,
of 124 pages, covering the Pomeroy history in Normandy and England of the
tribal ancestors of Eltweed Pomeroy, and Part Two, of 930 pages, comprising
the genealogical ciata and activity of his descendants in America.

Part Three is added as supplementary to the other two parts in order
to carry the history and genealogy down to the date of its publication, in
both England and America. The active officers of the Pomeroy Family
Association employed Mr. C. A. Hoppin, an expert genealogist, to continue
the investigation in Normandy and England for new historical and genealog-
ical material, and the verification or correction of that which has been
published, while the Secretary has been diligent in recording in his inter-
leaved book the new developments that have been reported to him by the
American contingent, which comprise birth, marriage and death dates, with
the additional names; also, the classification of families which were omitted
from the big family book because no data of those families came to hand.
It is believed that this supplemental enterprise, with the new information
and alignment, will perhaps cause the History and Genealogy of the Pomeroy
Family to be recognized as the most complete book of genealogy published,
and that it will appeal to the interest of those bearing that distinctive name.

During the intervening years since the Pomeroy family book was pub-
lished the association has published two Pomeroy Brochures, No. 1 and No. 2,
and the Secretary has prepared several articles for the Boston Transcripty
the Hartford Times, and the Colonial of Boston, successfully defending the
descent of the American Pomeroys from the old Norman line so long estab-
lished at Berry-Pomeroy in Devonshire, England, as published in the History
and Genealogy of the Pomeroy Family. The warmest gratitude and thanks
are due to Mr. Frank AUaben, editor-in-chief of The Journal of American
History, and President of the National Historical Society, for his unbiased

XV



Part ilbm - Pomrrny Btstnrg unh (^mmio^i^ IB

and scientific analysis of the merits of the controversy and the claims main-
tained in the Pomeroy Family Genealogy against the assertions of the New
Eng/afid Register. These articles are comprehensive and are commended as
of great interest to every member of this association.

As the collection of Historical and Genealogical data has largely increased
since we began the investigation of Pomeroy activities in England in 1910,
we are now in possession of nearly all the available family records down to
the date of Eltweed Pomeroy's immigration, with the exception, perhaps,
of the historical events contained in the volumes in the British Museum
covering the reign of King Henry VIII . The Pomeroy family is now well
equipped to demonstrate an almost complete tribal and historical study of
an English baronial family from the conquest of England in 1066 to the
landing in America of our prolific ancestor, Eltweed Pomeroy, in 1631-32.
Such study reveals the changing conditions of royal and baronial blood
through many generations and thousands of descendants, many of whom,
by the inevitable economical force, and the average vicissitudes of family
life, would necessarily be represented in all ordinary avocations, and where
they would be much more concerned in making a living for their families
than in decorating themselves with their past glory.

The old castle of Berry-Pomeroy is a magnificent ruin in the Pomeroy
Park, surrounded by many fertile acres, and the Secretary ventures the
suggestion that if the old castle and its park and farm could be purchased or
leased by the American descendants, it would be a broader and more enterpris-
ing achievement than that represented in colors facing page HO in the History
Genealogy of the Pomeroy Family. The latter represents the marital achieve-
ment of Eltweed Pomeroy's ancestors; the acquisition of the castle and park
would represent the sentimental and business achievement of his descendants.

The new evidence collected and verified by our commissioner on English
investigation all leads up to Berry-Pomeroy for Eltweed Pomeroy's ancestors,
the only change necessary in the printed pedigree and tribal relations, after a
thorough search of all sources, being in the 16th generation, and that change
does not in any way involve the line of descent, as it is of a name only and not
of a family or generation. Mr. Hoppin, who is a business genealogist, writes
that after an exhaustive investigation he is fully convinced that our ancestor
of that generation was "John Pomeroy" instead of ''Henry," his brother,
sons of Richard Pomeroy and wife Eleanor Coker, all living 1531.

To learn that one of the most capable gealogists of the day has verified
the ancestral lines of Eltweed Pomeroy, as laid down in the History and
Genealogy of the Pomeroy Family, is gratifying intelligence. He has traced
the ascent to the same family in the 16th generation as did your historian,
although in considering the alignment referred to as a "weak link" the pro-
fessional has found that Henry Pomeroy's younger brother John was the



17 Jprrfarp

vital man in the connection. Well, Eltweed Pomeroy gave his children
Bible names, antl bestowed the name "John" on his second son, but Kldad
and Medad were names of the prophets who phojihesied in the camp. This
change we will gracefully admit, as it is sustained by parish records published
in this volume. Alter eliminating all other Pomeroy men named "John,"
Mr. Hoppin finds that the John, brother of Henry, and son of Richard
Pomeroy and Eleanor Coker, given in the chart from the British .Museum
known as Harleian MS. 1091, as corrected and extended in the History and
Genealogy of the Pomeroy Family, is, without doubt, the John Pomeroy,
Gent., who settled in Dorset, near Beaminster and Simondsbury, early in the
16th century, and who is referred to in many of the parish records incorporated
in this book of genealogy.

There are several good reasons for publishing Part Three of the History
and Genealogy of the Pomeroy Family. They may be enumerated as
follows:

1. To lay before the Pomeroy race the important records discovered by
our commissioner in England during the last three years.

2. To record in an enduring form the latest developments concerning
the individuals and families, classified in the History and Genealogy of
the Pomeroy Family, as far as they have been reported to the secretary.

3. To add the records of several entire families, which were unavoidably
omitted from the first edition because of the indifference of those concerned,
thus bringing the Pomeroy records down to date as far as possible.

4. To correct errors by the reproduction of newly discovered parish
records, etc., from England relative to Eltweed Pomeroy and the date of his
sailing for the new world.

5. To maintain the integrity of the History and Genealogy of the
Pomeroy Family, which has been maliciously attacked in the New England
Historical and Genealogical Register by a disappointed officer of the New
England Society to his utter confusion.

During the last three years the Secretary and Historian, has published
two Pomeroy brochures, which were not circulated among the Pomeroy race
generally, but found the way into the circle of the New England Historic-
Genealogical Society. The reason for this discrimination was that the
Secretary purposed to reproduce the more important material contained in
said brochures in Part Three, here presented. Also, for the reason that said
Society, through its "official organ," by conspiracy, persecution, slander,
and false statements had made persistent but futile efforts to discredit not
only the History and Genealogy of the Pomeroy Family, but the family
itself, through a base and unsupported attack upon an alleged mother and
brother of Eltweed Pomeroy of Beaminster, Dorset. It is fully proved by
parish records of Simondsbury, Dorset, that this attack was a contemptible



private enterprise of the above mentioned genealogist acting in his public
capacity.

These facts are among the reasons why the scientific genealogical articles,
written by Mr. Frank Allaben, editor-in-chief of T/ie Joiirnal of American
History, and President of the National Historical Society, were published in
that artistic quarterly (Vol. 11, Nos. 2 and 3), portions of which will appear in
Part Three of our family history, with Mr. Allaben's consent; as well as the
historical material to which said articles refer. As Mr. Allaben writes in his.
first Pomeroy article in The Journal of American History, it appears that he
had been chosen by both parties to the controversy to examiinCy analyze and
make public his conviction as to the merits of each side of the cause under
consideration. Any one who reads Mr. A.llaben's articles, friend or enemy,
will be convinced that the editor and the chief genealogist of the New England
Register have betrayed their own society and its integrity and respectability.
And the "main guy" of that genealogical quarterly has not the honesty to
correct false statements made years since relative to the immediate family of
Eltweed Pomeroy of Beaminster, although he is perfectly aware that they
remain in the official organ of the society as known falsehoods. They mali-
ciously charge that Eltweed Pomeroy 's mother was named Mary and that she
received charity from the Beaminster church in 1635, while Dorset records
show that his mother's name was Elinor, and that she died at Simondsbury,
Dorset, on April 12, 1612, twenty-three years previous to the alleged charity
of said church.



ALBERT A. POMEROY

March 3, 1922.



19 JFiret JlniijruUur nf tlif Jlomiruij filare



cUIic Jftnit Jlrmjrnilur of the JJnmrruii ilUirr

Roger (no surname) who lived ahour 1U(J0 A. I)., was the first progenitor
of the Pomcroy race. Chronology prompts that in continuing the history of
the Pomcroy race this Part Three of the History and (jcnealog}- of the Pome-
roy Family should begin with the ancient village of Saint Sauveur de La
Pomeroy in Normandy, France, and a description of the orchard estate v/hich
gave to the family the name of Pommeraie, and of the old Castle, now a sad
ruin, as illustrated on aaother page.

Roger is credited with four children in the French records, and the
Calendar of Documents contains the statement that he, with his son William
Capra, was a large benefactor to the Pomeroy Abbey of St. Mary du Val, in
Normandy. His children were Sir Radulphus de La Pomeroy, the first to bear
a name which has endured over nine centuries. Hugue Pommeraie was a
companion of William the conqueror at the battle of Hastings. William
Capra, called also William La Chevre, No. 19 in the Exchequer Book, also
participated in the battle of Hastings; and a daughter, Beatrice became
Abbess of the Benedictine Abbey of St. Michael's Mount, Cornwall. Thus,
it will be noted that the entire family of Roger, of Saint Sauveur de La Pom-
meraie, followed and assisted the fortunes of William the Conqueror in
England.

Roger stands at the head of the Pomeroy race, without a surname, as the
father of our first ancestor in England, Sir Radulphus de La Pomeroy, no
family in the direct line of descent having failed in male issue during this long
interval, which covers over nine hundred years, and includes representatives
of thirty generations to the present day under the original name "Pomeroy."

The tablet in the ancient church at Dives, presented in this volume,
contains the names of the companions of William the Conqueror in the
conquest of England and is the one genuine and authentic list, which has
received the stamp of the French Archaeological Society. The names are
carved in stone and the tablet is erected over the entrance to the church.
Dives was the port where the fleet of the Duke of the Normans assembled.

You may find your ancestor's name near the center of the fifth column in
the tablet.

''Raoul de La Pommeraie''
Compagnon de Guillaume la Conquete de VAngletcrre, er jnlxvi.



J^art ®i|rf p - Pom^rcij Utatorg nnh (^mmia^^



2fl



Ha Pnmm^rajj^ in Nnrmanhg




S no living American Pomeroy has visited this place, so far as I
know, may I add something to what you have printed about it in
your "History and Genealogy of the Pomeroy Family?"

"The present very small village of La Pommeraye, devel-
oped slightly from some estate or 'orchard' from which the
English family of Pomeroy derives its surname, is situated near
the right bank of the river Orne, in Normandy, opposite Clecy, on the
Caen and Laval railway. The exact location of the place is indicated upon
Fremin & Bonnet's map of the Department du Calvados of France, by a small
dot with the name 'La Pommeraye' attached. It is one of the smaller of
the one hundred and twenty-four communes in the greater modern arrondisse-
ment of Falaise.

"Pomeroy descendants, when visiting France, should endeavor to see
this little hamlet, its church, and ruined castle, not merely for historical
reasons, for the district in which the objects will be found is, perhaps, as
beautiful as any in inland Normandy. Half way between Caen and Fleurs
there are two railway stations for the village of Clecy, either station being
about an hour's journey by railway due south from Caen. The station called
La Severie Clecy is about a mile from the village, while the other called Clecy,
is about twice as far. The latter station is nearest to La Pommeraye, but no
houses exist there; hence it is best to leave the railway at La Severie Clecy,
and then walk or ride to the village, where a good inn will be easily found;
also, some person to act as a guide and to answer questions and to explain
the objects to be noted on the ride to La Pommeraye, about six miles distant
to the eastward. The innkeeper will provide the conveyance as well as some
amusement. It is a slow drive by horse to La Pommeraye for the hills are
steep, and five of the six miles are up hill. The country around Clecy is very
picturesque, as well as a purely agricultural district, with much woodland.

"The river Orne is broad and clear, winding among the lofty wooded
hills, and around the bases of many perpendicular cliffs of a reddish stone,
several hundred feet high, and resembling in shape the famous cliffs at Cheddar
in Somersetshire, England. The ruddy color of the stone is singularly like
that so marked a feature of beauty around Torbay in Devonshire, immediately
back of which nestles the ruins of Berry castle, the home amid the Devonian
hills of the Pomeroys who went there from Normandy. A mile or two from



21 iCa lJi^"^"i^^^^il^ "I Nurmmiiig

Clecy, on the oppiosite side of the river there are forests upon the hills; and
from tlie high grouiid the traveller has already reached, on the way to La
PointiRraye, the views are magnificent (as also are those from HIagdon Mill
at Berry castle in Divon, of which I am so fond).

"La Pommeraye village consists of only seven or eight scattered cottages
in the ncighhorhood of a very small, simple and ancient church, built of stone,
on the left sitle of the road. I believe the church is called, or was dedicated
to St. Clair, but is or has been confounded with St. Sauveur in connection
with the name of the commune of La Pommeraye. There is nothing about
it readily indicating that it is as old as the eleventh century.

Saint-Sauveur-de-La-Pommeraye is mentioned but brief!)- in the His-
ioire Ecclesiastiqne du Diocese de Coiitances (by Rene Tonstain de Billy, vol.
L p. 275), the item referring to the twelfth century and proving the existence
there then of a religious establishment:

{Translation:) "The Memoire of Mont-Saint-Michel furnish us with a
chart containing an agreement made before Guillaume, Bishop of Coutances,
by which the Abbot and the monks of the monastery ceded all the tithes of
St. Sauveur de La Pommeraye to Robert, parish priest of this place during
his life, because he gave them annually eight quarters of wheat, which the said
Lord Bishop ratified by af^xing the seal, all carried out in the presence of
Robert de Tournebu, Arch-Deacon, and Raoule de Talvende, Canon."
(Page 167.)

"Here is a summary of the principal donations which were made to this



Online LibraryA. A. (Albert Alonzo) PomeroyHistory and genealogy of the Pomeroy family, colateral lines in family groups, Normandy, Great Britain and America; comprising the ancestors and descendants of Eltweed Pomeroy from Beaminster, County Dorset, England, 1630 (Volume pt. 3) → online text (page 1 of 38)