A. S. Comyns (Arthur Strettell Comyns) Carr.

National insurance online

. (page 1 of 35)
Online LibraryA. S. Comyns (Arthur Strettell Comyns) CarrNational insurance → online text (page 1 of 35)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


THE LIBRARY

OF

THE UNIVERSITY

OF CALIFORNIA

LOS ANGELES



NATIONAL INSURANCE



MACMILLAN AND CO., Limited

LONDON . BOMBAY . CALCUTTA
MELBOURNE

THE MACMILLAN COMPANY

NEW YORK . BOSTON . CHICAGO
DALLAS . SAN FRANCISCO

THE MACMILLAN CO. OF CANADA, LTD
TORONTO



National Insurance



BY

A. S. COMYNS CARR

Of Gray' s Inn and the South-Eastern Circuit

W. H. STUART GARNETT

Of the Inner Temple and the Western Circuit,
Barristers-at-Law

AND

J. H. TAYLOR, M.A., M.B., Ch.B.

Member of the Council of the British Medical Association



WITH A TREFACE BV THE

RIGHT HON. D. LLOYD GEORGE, M.P.

Chancellor oj the Exchequer



MACMILLAN AND CO., LIMITED

ST. MARTIN'S STREET, LONDON

[912



Richard Clay and Sons, Limited,

brunswick street, stamford street, s.e., and

bungay, suffolk.



n n
VU



PREFACE

In the National Insurance Act it has been our
aim to provide as far as may be for every worker
some kind of shelter against the slings and arrows
of fortune. In doing so we have not, I think, laid
any real additional burden upon the wealth and pro-
ductive activity of the nation. We have substituted
for tardy relief provision made in anticipation of
need, no more costly, but infinitely more effective
and more kindly in its operation than distress funds
or the Poor Law. Some remain, for the moment,
wholly or partly outside the operation of the scheme.
We have not even yet been able to reach the lowest
deeps, to grasp the utterly incapable, the loafer, or
the wastrel, and set him, too, on the firm ground of
self-respecting manhood fit to withstand all the
shocks of adversity, but we may claim to have
established barriers to prevent men falling into that
abyss of human despair.

We have in one great measure swept into the



410318



VI



PREFACE



National Insurance Scheme some 10,000,000 workers
hitherto unprovided for. Much remains to do, and
in the coming years much may be done, but here at
least is a beginning made on a broad and com-
prehensive plan.

The clear and concise explanation of a measure
of such complexity, which touches our national life
at so many points, confers rights and imposes
liabilities upon so many millions of the population,
and affects so many diverse interests, is of great
importance to a large number of people who cannot
but be anxious to know exactly what their position
is. Moreover in such a measure, as past experience
teaches us, it is inevitable, whatever care may be
taken in the processes of draftsmanship, that points of
difficulty will arise. Especially is this the case in an
Act which traverses so much untrodden ground. I feel
confident therefore that, in the work of administra-
tion, a book such as this, which endeavours to
anticipate and elucidate the difficulties, will be of
considerable value to a variety of inquirers. The
authors have made a minute study of the Act, and
are well acquainted with all its details and ramifica-
tions. It would obviously be impossible for me to
express agreement with all the opinions indicated by
them on questions of interpretation, but they appear
to have collected a mass of information which cannot



PREFACE vii

fail to be of value, and to have dealt with their
subject from every point of view. I heartily com-
mend their book to all who wish to bear their share
in working out the scheme which Parliament has
initiated.

DAVID LLOYD GEORGE.



NOTE BY THE AUTHORS



After the storm and stress of Parliamentary discussion and
public criticism, comes the less exciting but none the less arduous
task of bringing into operation the machinery of a statute, which
makes a wholly new departure in social legislation. It is for the
use of those who, in a greater or less degree, are entrusted with
this task and for those who, without being directly responsible,
are nevertheless as good citizens interested in the success of the
measure, that this work is designed. We have attempted to
describe, simply and broadly, the machinery of the Act and to
bring together in a connected form matters which can be gathered
only from a careful comparison of the various sections. The
position and responsibilities of employers of labour and of insured
persons under both Parts of the Act have been carefully set forth
in a systematic manner and the finances of the measure have
received special attention. What are the reserve values which
unlock the funds of the Friendly Societies, what becomes of the
State twopence, and how and when the promised extension of
benefits will take place, are questions to which not only politicians
but the public at large desire a simple but considered answer,
which we have endeavoured to give. We hope the book may
prove of value to officials and members of Friendly Societies,
Trades Unions, and other Approved Societies, whose interests are
so vitally affected, and that it may serve as a useful handbook for
future members of the Insurance Committees which are to be set
up for the administration of the Act.

Our task has not been merely one of exposition. Many grave
legal questions will arise as to the interpretation of the measure,
and we have attempted, in annotating the sections, to call
attention to these problems and to assist in their solution by
reference to decided cases and parallel statutes. In this respect



x NOTE BY THE AUTHORS

we trust that the members of the legal profession may find the
book not without value in suggesting interpretations, if not always
in finally solving the points of difficulty.

To the members of the medical profession, who will shortly be
called upon to decide the manner and conditions under which
they will perform the important functions assigned to them by this
measure, we commend our work in the hope that it will assist
them in finding the course which is desirable in their own
interests and those of the public.

It has been our endeavour to deal fairly and fully with all
points of interest without unduly trespassing on the realm of
controversy. We may have erred in our interpretations and some
mistakes there must be, but we shall be sincerely grateful to any-
one who will supplement our efforts by disclosing our errors.

A. S. Comyns Carr,
W. H. Stuart Garnett,

i, Temple Gardens, E.G.

J. H. Taylor,

299, Eccles New Road, Salford.

January, 1912.



CONTENTS



Table of Cases
Table of Statutes



TAGF.

xiii



CHAPTER I



THE EMPLOYER



THE INSURED PERSON



CHAPTER II



CHAPTER III



ADMINISTRATION



CHAPTER IV



THE MEDICAL PROFESSION



15



36



52



CHAPTER V

SANATORIUM AND MATERNITY BENEFITS AND PUBLIC HEALTH 84

CHAPTER VI
financial 96

Arrangement of Sections 113



National Insurance Act, 191 1 —
part 1

PART 1 1
PART III

Schedules
Appendix
Index .



119

395
448

458

475

487



ERRATA

Page Line

12 14. — For " five years " read " seven years."

32 10. — For " after the Act passes " read " after the Act comes into
force."

107 28. — For " five years " read " seven years."

121 30. — For " and including " read " not including."

163 27.— For " periods " read 11 persons."



TABLE OF CASES



PAGE

Amalgamated Society of Railway Servants v. Osborne, (1910)

A.C. 87 ; 79 L.J.Ch. 87; 101 L.T. 787; 54 S.J. 215; 26

T.L.R. 177 208

Anglo- Argentine Agency v. Temperley, (1899) 2 Q.B. 403 ; 81

L.T. 231 ; 48 W.R. 64 ; 4 Com. Cas. 281 .... 398

Apothecaries' Society v. Gregory, 25 T.L.R. 37 . . . .151
Appleby v. Horseley Co. (1899) 2 Q.B. 521 ; 68 LJ.O.B. 892;

80 L.T. 853 ; 47 W.R. 614 ........ 424

Apollinaris Co.'s Trade Marks, In re, (1891) 2 Ch. 186 . . 347

Arthur Average Association, re, L.R. 10 Ch. 542 ; 44 L.J.Ch.

509 ; 32 L.T. 713 ; 23 W.R. 939 ; 2 Asp. 570 .... 208
Ashworth v. Outram, 46 L.J.Ch. 687 ; 5 Ch.D. 923 ; 37 L.T. 85 ;

25 W.R. 896 439

Atkinson v. Newcastle, 2 Ex.D. 441 ; 46 L.J. Ex. 775 ; 36 L.T.

761 ; 20 W.R. 35 ; 25 W.R. 794 357

Attorney-General v. Hughes, 81 L.T. 679 ; 48 W.R. 150 . 346

Attorney-General v. Borrodaile, 1 Price 148 133

Attorney-General of Isle of Man v. Mylechreest, 4 A.C. 294 ;

48 L.J.P.C. 36 ; 40 L.T. 764 327

Bagnall v. Levenstein, Ltd., (1907) 1 K.B. 531 ; 76 L.J.Ch. 234 ;

96 L.T. 184 ; 23 T.L.R. 165 ; 51 S.J. 43c 132

Balchin v. Lord Ebury, 20 T.L.R. 60 214

Bankruptcy Notice, In re, (1907) 1 K.B. 478 336

Banks v. Crossland, L.R. 10 Q.B. 97 ; 39 J. P. 296 ; 44 L.J. Q.B. 8 ;

32 L.T. 226 ; 23 W.R. 414 125

Bargewell v. Daniel, 98 L.T. 257 ; 9 W.C.C. 142 .... 124
Baxter v. Nurse, 1 C. & K. 10 ; 6 M. & G. 935 ; 13 L.J.C.P. 82 ;

7 Scott. N.R. 801 ; 8 Jur. 273 277

Baxter v. Barber, Times Newspaper, 24th April, 1903 . . .301
Bazalgette v. Lowe, 24 L.J.Ch. 368 ; 3 Eq.R. 491 ; 3 W.R. 356 . 400
Beardsley v. Giddings, (1904) 1 K.B. 847 ; 68 J. P. 222 ; 73

L.J. K.B. 378 ; 90 L.T. 651 ; 53 W.R. 78 ; 20 T.L.R. 315 ;

20 Cox C.C. 645 ; 2 L.G.R. 719 143



Mil



xiv TABLE OF CASES



Beeston v. Collyer, 4 Bing. 309 ; 2 C. & P. 607 ; 12 Moore 552 ;

5 L.J.(O.S.)CP. 180 ; 29 R.R. 576 277

Bell v. Wilson, L.R. 1 Ch. 303 ; 35 LJ.Ch.337 ; 14 L.T.(N.S.)

115; 14 W.R. 493 ; 12 Jur.(N.S.) 263 ..... 327
Blanford v. Morrison, 19 L.J.Q.B. 533 ; 5 Q.B. 724 ; 14 Jur.

1 130 398

Board of Education v. Rice, (191 1) A.C. 179 ; 27 T.L.R. 378

346,417,434
Board of Trade v. Sundholm, 4 Asp. 196 ; 41 L.T. 469 . . 287

Boon v. Quance, 102 L.T. 443 ; 1 B.W.C.C. 106 . . . .126
Bowen v. Hall, 6 Q.B.D. 333 ; 50 L.J.Q.B. 305 ; 44 L.T. 75 ;

29 W.R. 367 ;~45 J. P. 373 123

Boyd v. Doharty, 46 Sc.L.R. 71 ; (1909) S.C. 87 . . . .124
Bradburn v. G.W.Ry., L.R. 10 Ex. 1 ; 44 L.J. Ex. 9 ; 31 L.T.

464 ; 23 W.R. 468 175

Braithwaite v. Attorney-General, (1909) 1 Ch. 510; 78 L.J.Cli.

314 ; 100 L.T.(N.S-) 599 ; 73 J. P. 209 ; 25 T.L.R. 333 . . 209

Brindle, Ex parte^ 56 L.T. 498; 35 W.R. 596 130

Britain v. Rossiter, 48 L.J.Q.B. 362 ; 11 Q.B.D. 123 . . .125
Britton v. G. W. Cotton Co., 41 L.J. Ex. 99 ; L.R. 7 Ex. 130;

27 L.T.(N.S.) 125 ; 20 W.R. 525 331

Brown v. Butterley Coal Co., 53 L.T. 964 ; 2 T.L.R. 159 . . 122
Burke v. Amalgamated Society of Dyers, (1906) 2 K.B. 583;

75 L.J. K.B. 533 165

Burnham &c. Co. v. Taylor, 47 Sc.L.R. 643 .... 124, 125
Burns v. Manchester and Salford Wesleyan Mission, 99 L.T.

579 ' 2 4, 299

Butler v. Fife Coal Co., 28 T.L.R 331

Buxton v. Jones, 1 M. & G. 86 299



Cameron v. Nystrom, (1893) A.C. 308 ; 62 L.J.P.C. 85 ; 68 L.T.

772 ; 57 J. P. 550; 7 Asp. 320; 1 R. 362 123

Campbell v. Hadley, (1876) 40 J. P. 756 399

Catt ?'. Wood, 102 L.T.N.S. 614; 77 L.J. K.B. 756; 26 T.L.R.

455; (1910) A.C. 404 ; 79 L.J. K.B. 782 221

Carswell v. Sharpe, 47 Sc.L.R. 335 : (1910) S.C. 391 . . .126
Chambers v. Whitehaven Harbour Commissioners, (1899) 2 Q.B.

L32 • 397

Chartered Bank of India v. Netherlands, &c. Co., 10 Q.B.D. 521 ;

52 L.J.Q.B. 220 ; 48 L.T. 546 ; 31 W.R. 445 ; 47 J. P. 260 . 127

Child v. Douglas, Kay 560 396

Clayton's Case, 5 Rep. \b 140

Coles v. Sims, 5 D.M. & G. 1 ; 23 L.J.Ch. 258 ... 396
Collins v. Collins, 26 Beavan 306 ; 28 L.J.Ch. 184 ; 5 Jur.N.S.

30; 7 W.R. 115 335,434



TABLE OF CASES xv

I'ACE

Commissioners of Income Tax v. Pemsell, (1891) A.C. 531 ;

61 L.J.Q.B. 265 178

Cook v. North Metropolitan Tramways Co., 18 Q.B.D. 684 ;

56 L.J.Q.B. 309 ; 57 L.T. 476 ; 35 W.R. 577 . . . 131, 443

Cosgrave v. Partington, 17 T.L.R. 39 397

Courtney v. Cole, 19 Q.B.D. 447 ; 56 L.J.M.C. 141 ; 57 L.T. 409 ;

36 W.R. 8 ; 6 Asp. 169 ; 52 J.P. 20 288

Crisp v. Thomas, 63 L.T. 756 ; 55 J.P. 261 301

Crocker v. Plymouth Corporation, (1903) 1 K.B. 494 . . .301
Cuckson v. Stones, 28 L.J.Q.B. 25 ; 1 E. & E. 248 ; 5 Jur.N.S.

337 ; 7 W.R. 134 278

Davies v. Davies, 9 C. & P. 87 128

Davies v. Ebbw Vale U.D.C., 27 T.L.R. 543 .... 161
De Geer v. Stone, 22 Ch.D. 243 ; 52 L.J.Ch. 57 ; 47 L.T. 434 ;

31 W.R. 241 121

Dewhurst v. Clarkson, 23 L.J.Q.B. 247 ; 3 E. & B. 194 ; 2 C.L.R.

143 ; 1 Ch.D. 481 ; 24 W.R. 103 359

Dewhurst v. Mather, (1908) 2 K.B. 754 ; tj L.J. K.B. 1077; 99

L.T. 568; 24 T.LR. 819; 52 S.J. 681 132

Dickenson v. Fletcher, L.R. 9 C.P. 1 ; 43 L.J.M.C. 25 ; 29 L.T.

54o 355

Dillon v. Haverfordwest, 60 L.J.Q.B. 477 ; (1891) 1 Q.B. 575 ;

64 L.T. 202 ; 39 W.R. 478; 55 J.P. 392 133

Diss Urban Sanitary Authority v. Aldrich, 2 Q.B.D. 179 ; 41 J.P.

132, 549: 46 L.J.M.C. 183; 36 L.T. 663 349

Doe v. Bridges, 1 B. & Ad. 847 357

Drapers Co. v. Haddon, 9 T.L.R. 36 ; 57 J.P. 200 .... 347

Dudge v. Conway, 17 T.L.R. 355 396

Duke v. Littleboy, 49 L.J.Ch. 802 ; 43 L.T. 216 ; 28 W.R. 977 . 208

Duncan %>. Dixon, 44 Ch.D. 2Ti ; 59 L.J.Ch. 437 . . . 394

Edwards, lure, 11 T.L.R. 338 439

Ellis 7'. Joseph Ellis & Co., (1905) 1 K.B. 324 ; 74 L.J. K.B. 22

92 L.T. 718 ; 53 W.R. 311 126

Ellis, Ex parte, 2 Ch.D. 797 ; 45 L.J.Bk. 159 ; 34 L.T. 705 . . 348

Farrer v. Close, L. R. 4 Q.B. 602 ; 10 B. & S. 533 ; 38 L.J.M.C.

132 ; 20 L.T. 802 ; 17 W.R. 1 129 208

Farrow v. Wilson, L.R. 4 C.P. 744 ; 38 L.J. C.P. 736 ; 20 L.T.

810; 18 W.R. 43 277

Fawcett v. Cash, 5 B. & Ad. 904 ; 3 N. & M. 177 ; 3 L.J. K.B. 113 277
Fitzpatrick v. Evans, (1902) 1 K.B. 505 ; 71 L.J. K.B. 302 ; 86

L.T. 141 ; 50 N.R. 290 122

Frazer v. Cuthbertson, 6 Q.B.D. 93 ; 50 L.J.Q.B. 277 ; 29 W.R.

596 127



XVI



TABLE OF CASES



French 7>. Underwood, 19 T.L.R. 416
Fullick v. Evans, 17 T.L.R. 346 ; 84 L.T. 413

Gaily, re, 45 L.J. P. 107 ; 1 P.D. 438 ; 24 W.R. 1018
Garrett v. Middlesex, J.J., 12 Q.B.D. 620: 53 L.J.

32W.R. 646; 48J.P. 357 • • •
Gastier v. Ellison, 9 B. & C. 750
Giles v. Belford Smith & Co., (1903) 1 K.B. 843

569 ; 88 L.T. 754 ; 51 W.R. 692
Gordon v. Potter, 1 F. & F. 644 ....
Grainger v. Aynsley, 6 Q.B.D. 182 ; 50 L.J.M.C. 48

29 W.R. 242

Graves' Case, L.R. 4 Q.B. 715 ; 394 J.Q.B. 31

Great Western Railway v. Central Wales Raihv
and Canal Traffic Cases, 1 .



M.C



79



; 43



ay, 5



L.J



L.T



PAGE
'36

397



81 .

347, 348
394



K.B



608



Railway



424
277

123

347

399



Gutberlet 7/. Woolgar, Reports of the Chief Registrar (1898), 32 236

Hall v. Wright, E.B. & E. 746 ; 29 L.J. Q.B. 43 ; 6 Jur.N.S. 193 ;

1 L.T. 230; 8- W.R. 160 277

Hardy v. Ryle, 9 B. & C. 603 ; 4 M. 8 R. 295 ; 7 L.J. (O.S.)

M.C. 118 . . 123, 125

Harrington v. Derby Corporation, (1905), 1 Ch. 205 ; 69 J. P. 62 ;

74 L.J.Ch. 219 ; 92 L.T. 153 ; 21 T.L.R. 98 ; 3 L.G.R. 321 .

3^9, 33o
Hill v. Begg (1908), 2 K.B. 802; 24 T.L.R. 711 ; 77 L.J. K.B.

1074; 99 L.T. 104; 52 S.J. 581 133

Hobbs & Samuels v. Bradley, 37 Sc.L.R. 532 ; 2 F. 744 . . 396

Hobson v. Hull, 4 E. & B. 986 130

Hoddinott v. Newton (1901), A.C. 49 ; 70 L.J. K.B. 150 ; 84 L.T.

1 ; 49 W.R. 380 396

Holcroft v. Barber, 1 C. & K. 4 277

Horan v. Hayhoe (1904), 1 K.B. 288 ; 73 L.J. K.B. 132 ; 90 L.T.

12 ; 52 W.R. 231 444

Hornby v. Close, L.R. 2 Q.B. 153 ; 8 B. & S. 175 ; 36 L.J.M.C.

43 ; 15 L.T. 563 ; 15 W.R. 336 ; 10 Cox C.C. 393 . . .208

Hubert v. Groves, 1 Esp. 148 • . 328

Huntsman, The (1894), P. 214 ; 6 R. 698 ; 70 L.T. 386 ; 7 Asp.

431 I2 7

Huttman?'. Boulnois, 2 C. & P. 510 277



Ingram v. Barnes, 7 E. & B. 115 ; 26 L.J. Q.B. 319 ; 5 W.R. 232 123

Inland Revenue v. Cardonald Co., 44 Sc.L.R. 66 .... 133

Jackson v. Union Marine Insurance Co., L.R. 10 C.P. 125 ; 44

L.J.C.P. 27 ; 31 L.T. 789 ; 23 W.R. 169 ; 2 Asp. 435 . . 278

Jamieson v. Clark, 46 Sc.L.R. 73 ; (1909) S.C. 132 . . . 126



TABLE OF CASES



XVII



PAGE



Jennings v. Hammond, 9Q.B.D. 225 ; 51 L.J.Q.B. 493 ; 31 W.R.

40 208

Johnson v. Blenkensop, 5 Jur. S70 277

Johnson, Exftarte, 7 Dowl. 702 ; 3 Jur. 481 .... 123, 125
Johnson v. Monasterevan Store Co., (1909) Ir.L.R. 108 . . . 133

Jones v. " Alice & Eliza," 1 B.W.C.C. 495 126

Jones v. Scullard, (1898) 2 Q.B. 565 ; 67 L.J.Q.B. 895 ; 79 L.T.

386 139

Jones v. Ocean Coal Co., (1889) 2 Q.B. 124; 68 L.J.Q.B. 731 ; 80

L.T. 582 ; 47 W.R. 484 424, 446

Kent C. C. v. Sandgate Local Board, (1895) 2 Q.B. 43;

64 L.J.Q.B. 502 ; 15 R. 452 ; 72 L.T. 725 ; 43 W.R. 601 ;

59J-P-456 336

Kent C. C, Ex parte (1891) 1 Q.B. 725 ; 55 J. P. 248 ; 60 L.J.

Q.B. 314; 64 L.T. 421 350

Knowles v. Booth, 32 W.R. 432 208

Lancaster v. Greaves, 9 B. & C. 628 ; 7 L.J.(O.S.)M.C. 116 .123
Laugher v. Pointer, 5 B. & C. 547 ; 8 D. & R. 550 ; 4 L.J.(O.S.)

K.B. 309 126

Laurence v. Todd, 32 L.J.M.C. 238 ; 14 C.B.N. S. 554 ; 10 Jur.

N.S. 179 ; 8 L.T. 505 ; 11 W.R. 835 122

Lewis v. Great Western Railway Co., 3 Q.B.D. 195 . . . 287
Leith Harbour Commissioners v. Inspector of the Poor, L.R.

1 H.L.Sc. 17 4'7

Lilley v. Elwin, 11 Q.B. 742 ; 17 L.J.Q.B. 132 ; 12 Jur. 623 . . 277
London Marine Association, In re, L.R. 8 Eq. 176 ; 20 L.T. 943 ;

17 W.R. 784 208

Lord Provost of Glasgow v. Farie, 13 A. C. 657 .... 327

Macready v. Dunlop, etc. Co., 37 Sc.L.R. 779 ; 2 F. 1027 . .123
Main Colliery Co. v. Davies, (1900) A.C. 358 ; 69 L.J.Q.B. 755 ;

83 L.T. 83; 65 J. P. 20 136

Marrow v. Flimby (1898), 2 Q.B. 588; 67 L.J.Q.B. 976;

79 L.T. 397 122

Marrs v. Thompson, 86 L. T. N.S. 759 ; 18 T.L.R. 565 . . 208
Marshall v. Murgatroyd, L.R. 6 Q.B. 31 ; 40 L.J.Q.B. 7 ; 23 L.T.

393; 19 W.R. 72 159

Mason v. Bibby, 2 H. & C. 881 ; 33 L.J.M.C. 105 ; 10 Jur.N.S.

519; 9 L.T. 692 ; 12 W.R. 382 299

Mason v. Schuppisser, 81 L.T. 147 315

Metropolitan Asylums District v. Hill, 6 A.C. 193 ; 50 L.J.Q.B.

353; 44 L.T. 653 ; 29 W.R. 617 328

Midland Railway v. Robinson 15 A.C. 19; 59 L.J.Ch. 442;

62 L.T. 194 ; 38 W.R. 577 ; 54 J. P. 580 327

b



xviii TABLE OF CASES



Moorhouse v. Livesey, 15 Q.B.D. 273

Morison v. Bartolomeo, 5 Macpherson, 848 ....
Moult v. Halliday (1898), 1 Q.B. 125 ; 67 L.J.Q.B. 451 ; 77 L.T

794 ; 46 W.R. 318 ; 62 J. P. 8 ; 14 T.L.R. 109 . .
Munday v. Norton (1892), 1 Q.B. 403 ; 61 L.J.Q.B. 456 ; 66 L.T

173; 40 W.R. 355

Murphy v. Enniscorthy Board of Guardians (1908), 2 Ir.R. 609

2 B.W.C.C. 291 ; 73 J. P. 63



National Sporting Club v. Cope, 82 L.T. 352 ; 64 J. P. 310
48 W.R. 446 ; 19 Cox, C.C. 485 ; 16 T.L.R. 158 .

Nicoll v. Greaves, 17 C.B.N. S. 27; 33 L.J.C.P. 259; 10 Jur
N.S. 919; 10 L.T. 531 ; 12 W.R. 961 ....

Nottingham Permanent Building Society v. Thurston, (1903)
A.C. 6; 17 LJ.Ch. 134; 18 L.T.(N.S.) 529; 51 W.R. 273
67 J. P. 129 ; 19 T.L.R. 54

Nowlan v. Ablett, 2 C. M. & R. 54 ; 1 Gale 72 ; 5 Tyr. 709
4 LJ.Ex. 155

Oldham Our Lady's Sick and Burial Society v. Taylor, 3 T.L.R

472

One and All etc. Association, In re, 25 T.L.R. 674
Osborne v. Jackson, 11 Q.B.D. 619 ; 48 L.T. 642 .



397

'75

277

434
1 32



277

363

277

208
208
132



Paddington Burial Board?'. Inland Revenue, 13 Q.B.D. 9; 53

L.J.Q.B. 224; 50 L.T. 211 ; 32 W.R. 551 ; 48 J.P. 311 . . 133

Padstow Total Loss and Average Association, In re, 20 Ch.D.

137 ; 51 LJ.Ch. 344 ; 45 L.T. 774 ; 30 W.R. 326 . . . 208
Pearce v. L. & S.W.Ry. (1900X2 Q.B. 100; 69 L.J.Q.B. 683;

82 L.T. 487; 48 W.R. 599 438

Pearce v. Lansdowne, 69 L.T.N. S. 317 ; 62 L.J.Q.B. 441 ; 57

J.P. 760 277

Penn v. Spiers & Pond, Ltd. (1908), 1 K.B. 766 ; 77 L.J.K.B. 542 ;

98 L.T. 541 126

Perkins v. Stead, 23 T.L.R. 433 139

Pocock v. Gilham, 1 Cab. & Ell. 104 396

Porton v. The Central Body (1909), 1 K.B. 173 ; 78 L.J.K.B. 139 ;

100 L.T. 102 ; 73 J.P. 43 ; 25 T.L.R. 102 124

Potter v. West of England Iron Co. (1894), 2 Q.B. 159 . . . 434
Poussard v. Spiers & Pond, 1 Q.B.D. 410 ; 45 L.J.Q.B. 621 ; 34

L.T. 572 ; 24 W.R. 819 278

Powell v. Birmingham Vinegar Brewery Co. (1894), A.C. 8 ; 13 R

153; 71 L.T. 393 347, 348

Reed Bowen & Co., In re, 19 Q.B.D. 174 ; 56 L.J.Q.B. 447 ; 56

L.T. 876 ; 35 W.R. 660; 4 Morrell 225 348



TABLE OF CASES



xix



Reed v. Ingham, 23 L.J.M.C. 156 ; 1 E. & B. 889 ; 2 C.L.R. 1495

1 Jur.N.S. 61

Reed v. Smith Wilkinson & Co., 3 B.W.C.C. 223 .

Reeve v. Reeve, 1 F. & F. 280

Religious Tract Society v. Forbes, 33 Sc.L.R. 289 .
Rennie v. Reid, 45 Sc.L.R. 814 ; (1908) S.C. 105 1 .
R. v. Arnaud, 16 L.J.Q.B. 50 ; 9 Q.B. 806 ...
R. v. Andover, 16 Q.B.D. 711 ; 5° J-P- 549 ; 55 L.J.M.C



55 L.T. 23; 34W.R. 456
R. v. Bjornsen, 34 L.J.M.C. i8<
12 L.T. 473; 13 W.R. 664



; L. &. C. 545 ; 11 Jur.N.S
10 Cox C.C. 74



M.C



07



R. ?'. Bowers, L.R. 1 C.C.R. 41 ; 35 L.J.M.C. 206 ; 14 L.T

14 W.R. 803; 10 Cox C.C. 250 ; 12 Jur.(N.S.) 550
R. v. Bridge, 24 Q.B.D. 609 ; 54 J. P. 101 ; 59 L.J.M.C. 49

L.T. 297 ; 38 W.R. 464 ; 17 Cox C.C. 66 .
R. v. Bubb and Hook, 4 Cox C.C. 457
R. v. Burnett, 4 M. & S. 272 ; 16 R.R. 468
R. v. Carr & Wilson, 10 Q.B.D. 76 ; 47 J.P. 38 ; 52 L.J

47 L.T. 151 ; 31 W.R. 121 ; 4 Asp. 604 ; 15 Cox C.C
R. v. Crediton, 2 B. & A. 493 ; 9 L.J.(O.S.)M.C. 89
R. v. Dennis, (1894) 2 Q.B. 458 ; 58 J.P. 622 ; 63 L.J.M.C.

71 L.T. 436 ; 42 W.R. 586 ; 18 Cox C.C. 21 .
R. v. Denton, 18 Q.B. 761 ; Dears. C.C. 3 ; 21 L.J.M.C

Jur. 453

R. v. Dixon, 3 M. & S. 1 1 ; 15 R.R. 381 ; 4 Camp. 12
R. v. Fontaine Moreau, 17 L.J.Q.B. 188 ; 11 Q.B. 10-

626 ...

R. v. Friend, R. & R. 20

R. v. Goodbody, 8 C. & P. 665

R. v. Griggs, Sir T. Raym. 1

R. v. Hall, (1891) 1 Q.B. 747 \ 60 L.J.Q.B. 124 564 L.T

17 Cox C.C. 278

R. v. Henson, Dears. 24

R. v. Jagger, 1 East, P.C. 455

R. v. Keepers of Peace and JJ. of London, 25 Q.B.D. ■
R. v. Kempson, 28 L.J. Newsp. 477 ....

R. v. King's Lynn, 6 B. & C. 97

R. v. Laindon, 8 T.R. 379

R. v. Lynch, (1903) 1 K.B. 444, 72 L.J.K.B. 167 ; 88

51 W.R. 619 ; 67 J.P. 41 ; 20 Cox C.C. 468 ; 19 T

R. v. Medley, 6 C. & P. 292

R. v. Mellish, R. & R. 80

R. v. Middlesex JJ., 3 B. & Ad. 938 .

R. v. Oldham, L.R. 4 Q.B. 290



L.T.
L.R



143

347
589

671

; 62



Jur



394



12
26
163



398
125
125

T 33
133

126

348
126



348
205
328

159

444

328

394
328

355
205
125
205

357
328
205
347
328
444
444

120
328
444
347
135



b 2



xx TABLE OF CASES



PAGE



R. v. Postmaster-General, i Q.R.D. 603 445

R. 71. Ramlinson, 1 East 531 444

R. v. Riley, (1896) 1 Q.B. 309 ; 60 J. P. 519 ; 65 L.J.M.C. 74 ; 74

L.T. 254; 44 W.R. 318; 18 CoxC.C. 285 . . . .316

R. v. Slade, 65 L.J.M.C. 109 ; 74 L.T. 656 ; 18 Cox C.C. 316 ; 60

J.P. 358 299

R. v. Stainer, L.R. 1 C.C.R. 230 ; 39 L.J.M.C. 54 ; 21 L.T. 758 ;

18 W.R. 439; 11 Cox C.C. 483 208

R. v. Stevenson, 3 F. & F. 106 328

R. v. Tankard, (1894) 1 Q.B. 548 ; 63 L.J.M.C. 61 ; 10 R. 149 ;

70 L.T. 42 ; 42 W.R. 350 ; 17 Cox C.C. 719 ; 58 J.P. 300 . 208

R. v. Vann, 2 Den. 331 328

R. v. Vantandillo, 4 M. & S. 73 ; 16 R- R- 389 .... 328
R. v. Walker, 27 L.J.M.C. 207; Dears. & B. 600; 4 Jur.(N.S.)

465 ; 6 W.R. 505 ; 8 CoxC.C. 1 130

Riviere's Trade Mark, In re, 26 Ch.D. 48 ; 53 L.J.Ch. 578 ;

50 L.T. 763 ; 32 W.R. 390 347

Robinson v. Davison, L.R. 6 Ex. 269 ; 40 L.J. Ex. 172 ; 24 L. T.

755 ; 19 W.R. 1036 277

Ross v. Parkyns, L.R. 20 Eq. 331 ; 44 L.J.Ch. 610 ; 30 L.T. 331 ;

24 W.R. 5 126

Rourke v. White Moss Colliery Co., Ltd., 2 C.P.D. 205 ; 46 L.J.

C.P. 283 ; 36 L. T. 49 ; 25 W.R. 263 139

Rudd v. James, (1896) 2 Ch. 554 ; 65 L.J.Ch. 781 ; 74 L.T. 714 ;

60 J.P. 628 363

Russell v. Lodge, 6 T.L.R. 353 398

Ruth v. Surrey Commercial Docks, 8 T.L.R 116 . . . . 123

Schofield v. Vaux, (1886) 36 W.R. 170m 360

Shaw v. Benson, 11 Q.B.D. 563 ; 52 L.J. Q.B. 575 . . . .208
Shillito v. Thompson, 1 Q.B.D. 12 ; 45 L.J.M.C. 18 ; 33 L.T.

506 ; 24 W.R. 57 328

Simmons v. Faulds, 17 T.L.R. 352 ; 65 J.P. 371 ... 124

Simmons v. The Heath Laundry Co., (1910) 1 K.B. 543 ; 79 L.J.

K.B. 395 ; 102 L.T. 210; 54 S.J. 392 ; 26 T.L.R. 326 . . 124
Simpson v. Ebbw Vale Co., Ltd., (1905) 1 K.B. 453 ; 74 L.J.

K.B. 347 ; 92 L.T. 282 ; 53 W.R. 390 ; 21 T.L.R. 209 . .132
Simpson v. Thomson, 3 A.C. 279 ; 38 L.T. 1 ; 3 Asp. 567 . .175
Skailes v. Blue Anchor Line, Ltd., (191 1) 1 K.B. 360; 55 S.J.

107; 27 T.L.R. 119 132

Small v. McCormick & Ewing, 36 Sc.L. R. 700 .... 124
Smith v. Anderson, 15 Ch.D. 269 ; 50 L.J.Ch. 39 ; 43 L.T. 336 ;

29 W.R. 22 133

Smith v. Baker, (1891) A.C. 325 ; 60 L.J. Q.B. 683 ; 65 L.T. 467 ;

40 W.R. 392 ; 55 J.P. 660 331



TABLE OF CASES xxi



PAGE



Smith v. Galloway, (1898) 1 Q.B. 71 .... 165, 236, 394

Smith v. General Motor Cab Co., 27 T.L.R. 370 .... 12S
Squire v. Midland Lace Co., (1905) 2 K.B. 448 ; 74 LJ.K.B. 614 ;

93 L.T. 29; 53W.R. 653; 69 J.P. 257 ; 21 T.LR.466 . 123,128
Stevens v. Gourlay, 7 C.B. (N.S.) 99 ; 1 F. & F. 498 ; 29 L.J.C.P.

1 ; 6 Jur. (N.S.) 147 ; 1 L.T. 33 ; 8 W.R. 85 . . . 396, 397
Stevens v. Jeacocke, 11 Q.B. 731 ; 17 LJ.Q.B. 163 ; 12 Jur. 477 . 357
Stone and Hastie, In re, (1903) 2 K.B. 463 ; 72 LJ.K.B. 846 ; 89



Online LibraryA. S. Comyns (Arthur Strettell Comyns) CarrNational insurance → online text (page 1 of 35)