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A bibliographical dictionary; containing a chronological account ... of ... books, in all departments of literature ... with biographical anecdotes ... the whole of the fourth edition of Dr. Harwood's View of the classics, with innumerable additions and amendments. To which are added, an essay on bi online

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Online LibraryAdam ClarkeA bibliographical dictionary; containing a chronological account ... of ... books, in all departments of literature ... with biographical anecdotes ... the whole of the fourth edition of Dr. Harwood's View of the classics, with innumerable additions and amendments. To which are added, an essay on bi → online text (page 11 of 17)
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1740, and Lond. 1744, 1758, and 1762, 8vo.

quae supersuntDissertationes ab Arriano

collects, necnon Enchiridion et Fragmenta, Gr. et
Lat. in duos tomos distributa, cum integris Jacobi
Schegkii, Hieron. Wolfti> selectisque aliorum docto-
rum annotationibus recensuit, notis et indice illustra-
vit Jo. UptonuSy Lond. 1739. Some copies have a
changed title, with the date 1741. Dr. Harxood
thought this the most perfect Edition ever given of
a Greek ethic writer.

Enchir. Ceb. Tab. Prodici Hercules et

Cleanthis Hymnus, Gr. et Lat. Glasguse, Foulis,
1744, 12mo.

Enchiridion, et Cebet. Tab. Glasguat.

1747, 12mo.



178 E P

Epictet. Enchir. Ceb. Tab. et Tbeopli. Cha-
ract. Gr. et Lat. Glasg. Foulis, 1748, 1758, l2mo.

quae supersunt Dissertationes ab Ar-

riano coHectee, Gr. et Lat. ex recens. Jo. Uptoni;
Lend. 1751, 2 vol. 12mo.

Enchiridion, Grsec. Glasg. Foulis, 1751,

24mo. A very correct and beautiful book.

Enchir. Gr. etLat Glasg. Foulis, 1755,

lano.

Enchir. Gr. et Lat. ex editione J. Up-

toni. Glasg. Foulis, 1775, 12mo.

Havrici Dodwdli Dissertatio de ^Etate Epicteti
ft Arriani, in Jo. Hudsoni. Geograph. Gr. minor.
Oxon. 1-698, vol. 1. p. 106, etseqq.

How highly this author is esteemed: by the Bri-
tish, the preceding Editions prove.

Epictetus was a Stoic philosopher, bora sometime
in the 1 st century of theChristian aera at Hierapolis in
Phrygia, and slave to Epaphroditus, a freed manbe-r
longing to Nero. When Domitian banished all philo-
sophers from Rome, about A. D. 94, Epictetus retired
to Nicopolis in Epirus^ where it is supposed he died
in a very advanced age. Others say he returned to
Rome after the death of Domitian, and was in great
favour with Adrian and Marcus Aurelius. Art-ion,
his disciple, penned those discourses which he had
heard delivered by his master, and which are styled
the Enchiridion or Manual of Epictetus ; a book
ift which heathen ethics have been raised to their
utmost pitch of perfection ; and which no serious
Christian can read without reaping great advantage.



E P 179

Father Mourgues says, that an ancient Christian
monastery had adopted the Manual of Epictetus for
its rule, with some slight alterations. The two
grand pivots, on which the whole of this great man's
philosophy turned, were ANEXOr x attexoy, bear,
and forbear. The philosophy of Epictetus is in
genera! good; but without supernatural assistance,
it isjmpracticablc . And were it even within the
reach of men in general, the Christian morality is
infinitely preferable. This has been often demon-
strated. Rousseau's judgment of this work is pro-
bably too severe ; but it should not be omitted.

Dans sonfiegme sinxule

Je decouvre sa col ere :

J'y vois un Iwmme accable

Sous le poids de sa miser e.

Et dans tons ces beaux discours

Fabriquts durant le cours

-Tfune fortune maudite,

Vous reccnnoissez toujours

L'Esclave d'Epaphrodite.
Epictetus was so greatly esteemed, that some time
after his death, the earthern lamp which he used
was sold for 3000 drachmas.

Episcopii (Simonis) Opera omnia Theologica
Curcellteizftite, Amst. Blaeu, 1<S50, 2 vols. fol.

Opera, Gouda?, 1665, 2 vols. fol.

Shnon Episcopiics was born at Amsterdam in
1583, and was divinity-professor at Leyden. The
states of Holland sent him to the synod of Dort to
defend the cause of the Arminians against the Go-



180 E P

marists. How that most illiberal assembly treated
him and his party, is well known. He died of a re-
tention of urine in 1643.

Epitaphia ex Thucydide Platone y &c. Greece,
$vo. a Toup, Oxon. 1768, 3s.

Epiphanii Opera, a Dionysio Petavio, Grace, et
Lat. 2 vols. fol. Paris. 1622. et 1624, ll. 4s.

Eadem, ex Editione Pctavii, Grac. et

Lat. Colon. 1682, 2 torn. fol.

Commentarius ad Physiologum, a Co-

salo Ponce de Leon, Gr. etLat. Antv. 1588, 8vo. 6s.

Opuscula, ex edit. Petavii, Gr. et Lat.

8vo. Antv. 1588, cum figuris. The prints are very
fine, and the book very scarce.

Epiphanius, bishop of Salamis, was born in Pa-
lestine about A. D. 320. He is reckoned one of
the fathers of the church. From his works he ap-
pears to have been a person of very extensive read-
ing, but of little judgment, and very credulous.
He adopted ridiculous fables, and flying reports of
no authenticity, all of which he published as truths.
His style is of the lowest kind, dull and uninteresting:
and his, writings unconnected and obscure. His trea-
tise on weights and measures is however allowed
to be a very useful piece. One thing which renders
the. works of Epiphanius peculiarly valuable is, his
many quotations from profane and ecclesiastical
writers, the names of whom we only know from
those fragments which he has preserved.

Epiphanii (Scholastici) Historia. This was 4
translation of the ecclesiastical histories of Socrates,



E R 181

Sozomen % and Theodoret, undertaken at the request
of his friend Cassiodcr.us ; and from which the latter
formed his Historia eccksiastica tripartita y fol.
Aug. Vind. 1472. See Cassiodorus.

Epiphanius Scholasticus flourished in the sixth
century.

Erasmi Opera omnia, cura Cleriei, II vol. fol,
Lugd. Bat. 1703, 101. 10s.- Edit. opt.

Vidua Christiana ad serenissimam pri-

dem Hungarian, Boemisque reginam Mariam, Ba-
silea?, 1529, 8vo. liber rarissimus. It seems that
some of the printers, through a pique against the
author, corrupted the copy at the press ; an account
of which Erasmus gives, in a letter to Peter Cursius:
" Cum enim in Vidua mea quam screnissimce Un-
garia? Regina? dedicavcram, ad laudem cujusdam
sanctissima? femina?, inter alia liberalitatcm illius in
pauperes referrem, hrtc verba subjunxi : At que men-
te ilia usam earn semper fuisse, qiue talcmfeminam
deceret. Unde scelestus ille animadvertens sibi vin-
dicta? occasionem oblatam esse, ex mente illcty men-
tula fecit ; itaque volumina mille fuere impressa.'*
See Vogt.

Adagia, ap. Froben, 1523. ll. Is. Ori-
ginal Edition ; more complete than those following.

Adagia, ap. Wcchcl. 1617. 5s.

Coloquia, 1 2mo. Elzev. 163G, 2s. 6d.

8vo. 2 vol. Sc/irevelio, Lug. 13at. 1664. 5s.

Idem, EIz. 1655. ll. Is.- Edit. genuina.

This is the best Elzevir Edition.' This work has been
long used in schools.

R



182 E R

ERASMiColloquia,Rotterd. 1693,ctDelph. 1729,

2 vol. 8vo. Good Edition.

Epistola?, cum Indicibus, 12mo. Lond.

1642. 7s. 6d.

Hieroiiymi Vita. Colonize, in aedibus Cer-

vicorni, 1517. This is not reprinted with the works
of Erasmus.

Apophthegmata, 12mo. ap. R. Steph.

3 547. 10s. 6d.

Moriae Encomium, Comment. Listriic.

Figuris Holbein. 8vo. Basileae, 1676. 10s. 6d. A
pretty little book, when the cuts are of a good im-
pression.

Moriae Encomium, typis Barbou, 12mo.

Par. 1765. 6s.

Moriae Encomium, 12mo. 1692. Is. 6d.

Laus Stultitiae, cum not. varior. et fig.

Holbeniiligno incisis, chart. opt. Bas. 1780. 16s. Gd.

This very great man was born at Rotterdam in
1467, and lived several years at Basil, and there pub-
lished a great many books, where he died the 12th
of July, 1536, aged 70. His Study, which is still pre-
served at Basil, excites the curiosity of strangers. In it
are yet to be seen, his ring, his seal, his pencil, his
penknife, his sword, and the New Testament written
with his own hand. He was one of the greatest men
that ever adorned the commonwealth of learning. He
had a bitter enemy in Scaliger, who published the
most abusive reproaches against him. Erasmus,
being sensibly touched with these invectives, endea-
voured to suppress the printed copies of them. Of all



E R 183

Erasmus's works, his Colloquies and Praise of Folly
have been printed most frequently. His not embrac-
ing Luther's reformation, and yet condemning many
things practised by the papists, drew upon him many
reproaches, both from the catholics and protestants.
He has the honour of having given the first Edition
of the Greek Testament, which was published in
1516,fol. for, though the Complutensian Edition was
printed in 1514, yet it was not published till 1522.
See Testamentum.

Erasmi (Johannis,) Antithesis Christi Antichrist!
de vero et uno Deo, sine loco impress, anno 1585,
Svo. Liber rarus.

Repetitio Disputationis de Lamiis, seu Strigibus ;
auctore Thomd Erasto, Basil. 1578, 8vo.

Warsavia Physice illustrata, sive de asre, aquis,
locis, et incolis Warsavia?, a Christ Henr. Erndre-
lio, Dresdae, 1730, 4to.

Erasti (Thoma:) Explicatio Quasstionis ; utrum
Excommunicatio mandato nitatur divino an excogi-
tata sit ab hominibus ? Pesclavii, 1589, 4to.

Defensio Libelli Hieron. Savanorolee de

Astrologia divinatrica, Paris. 1569, 4to. Lib.rar.

Eratosthenis Sententias, Gr. et Lat. in Poetis
minoribus Gra?cis Radulphi Winttrtoni. Cantab.
1633, 1652, 1661, 1671, 1677, 1684. (p. 471) 1700,
8vo. et Lond. 1712, Svo.

Catasterismi, id. Descriptio Astrorum

Singulorum, Gr. et Lat. interprete T. Gale, in ejus-
dem Opusculis mytholog. Amst. 1688, Svo. p. 97,
et seqq.

R2



J84 E R

Eratosth. de Catasterismi, 6cc. acccsserunt an-
iiotationes cum Arato, Oxon. 1672, 8vo.

I*his piece contains besides, I. The Epistle to
Ptolomy concerning the doubling of the Cube: 2
The Method of measuring the Circumference of the
Earth: 3. The Sieve, Sec.

Fragmenta, a Jo. Steidel, Gr. et Lat. 8vo.

Gotting. 1789.

Eratosthenes was a Greek, a native of Cyrene,
and librarian in the famous Alexandrian library. He
cultivated Poetry, Grammar, Philosophy, and the
Mathematics, and excelled in the former and latter. ,
He was the first who found out the method of mea-
suring the Circumference of the Earth, and also that
of finding all the prime numbers, termed the Sieve
of Eratosthenes, and of the Duplication of the Cube.
These and some other articles are found in the Ox-
ford Edition, 1672. When about 80 years of age,
being weary of life, and grieved at the loss of his
sight, he starved himself to death !

Eremperti Chronicon ab Ant. Caraccioli, 4to.
Neapoli, 1626. Erempertus was a monk of Mount
Cassino, and flourished about A. D. 890.

Erigena (Johan. ScotusJ Libri quinque de Na-
turis. Accedunt Ambigua S. Maximi seu Scholia
ejus in dimciles locos S. Greg. Nazianzeni, Gr. et
Eat. edidit Thoma Gale, Oxon. 1681, fol. The au-
thor, John Scot, surnamed Erigena, was a very
learned man : he flourished about the end of the
9th century. He wrote a piece against transubstan-
tiation, which was condemned by many councils,
and burned by aider of the Council of Rome in 1059.



E S 185 .

Erigeri Historia de Episcopis Leodmensibus, a
Joan. Cheapaville, 4to. Leodii, 1613.

.. De Corpore et Sanguine Domini, fol. Pa-
risiis, 1655. At the end of the Historia Gottcscalchi.

Erigerus was abbot of Lobbes about the year 990.

Erinn/E Fragmenta, cum Anacreonte et Saph.
Edinb. 1754. form. min. See vol. 2. p. 290.

Eriphi Fragmenta with the Poeta Minores
Gneci, Svo. Cant. 1635, &c, et Lond. 1712.

Erotiani Onomasticum, seu Collectio Vocum
qua sunt apud Hippocratem, ab Eustachio, Gr. et
Lat. 4to. Ven. Junta, 1566. 10s.

Galeni et Herodoti Glossaria in Hippo-
cratem, Gr. et Lat. 8vo. a Franzio, Lips. 1669. 3s.

Errores Venerei, l2mo. Paris. 1587, with Pe-
tronius Arbiter, with whose work they have been
often republished. The best Edition is reputed t
be that cum Notis Variorum, 8vo. Amst. 1687.

Eschylus, see ./Eschylus.

Eschynes, see Jischynes.

Esdras. Some Judaizing Christian, about A. D.
200, forged this book, which is quite apocryphal,
and merits no regard whatever. The only Editioa
is in folio, Grace, Venet. Jenson, 1501. 5s.

Esop, see iEsop.

Estii (Guil.) Commentaria in omnes S. Paul!,,
et 7 Catholicas Apostolorum Epistolas, studio Jacobi
Merlokorstii, Rothom. 1709, 2 vols. fol. This is
the best Edition of this author's comment, and the
most valuable.

R3



1B6 E T

Estii Comment in 4 libros sententiarum, Parisfe,
1696, 2 vols, fol.- This is the best Edition of this
work ; and yet the others sell at nearly the same
price.

Annotationes in praecipua ac difficiliora S.

Scripturae loca, Par. 1685, fol.

William Estius was born at Gorcum in Holland,
in 1542. He became one of the doctors of Lovain
5n 1580. He was called afterwards to Douay, where
he was Theological Professor, Superior of the Semi-
nary, Provost of St. Peter's church, and Chancellor
of the University. He died in 1613.

Ethici Cosmographia, ex Biblioth. Pithcci, a
Simiero, l2mo. Basil. 1575; Acced. Anionii Aug.
Itinerarium, Rutilius, Vibius Sequester, ac Libcl-
lus de Provinciarum Gallia?. Edit, print'.

ab Hen. Steph. 4to. Paris. 1 577. with

Pomponius Mela., Soli?ius, and Dio?ij/sius Alexan-
drinus.

ab Ilenr. Glareano, 12mo. Par. 1625.

with Pomponius Mela.

cum Not. var. 12mo. Lugd. Bat. 1646.

with P. Mela and Solinus.

sbAndr.Schoito, 12mo. Helmst. 1635.

with Mela and Solinus.

ab eodem, 12mo. Lugd. Batav. 1646.

with Mela and Solinus.

Both these Cosmographers were excellently illus-
trated in the Editions by Groncvius, and especially
in that, 8vo. Lugd. Batay. 1722. See Pomponius.
Mela.



E T 187

Ethicns was a Sophist, of Istria, who flourished
in the time of Constant ine the Great.

Etruscan Greek and Roman Antiquities, by Sir
JV. Hamilton, 2 vol. Plates in colours, mi.
4l. 14s. 6d. - An elegant and useful work.

Ettmulleri (Mich. J Opera medicaTheoretico-
practica ; ex recensione Mich. Em. Ettmulltri filii,
I'rancof. 1708,. 3 vols. fol. The Amsterdam Edition
of 1696, 1697, is of nearly the same value.

Neapol. 1721, 5 vols. fol.

Michael Ettmuller was born at Leipsic, in 1 646,
and died in the same city, in 1683, aged 37 years.
He was eminent in Botany, Chemistry, and Ana-
tomy, and his works contain many curious, facts
and useful observations.

Etymologicon Magnum, Editio princeps, Yen.
fol. 1499, ex recensione Calliergi. An Edition of
great value. This Editio priyiceps sold at the Pi-
nellian sale for 41. 5s. This first Edition of the
Etymologicon Magnum, the author of which is not
known, was done by Zacharias Calliergus, a Cre-
tan, at the desire of Anna, daughter to the Great 5
Duke of Constantinople (as it is written in a para-
graph at the end of the book) at the expence of
Nicolaus Blastus, likewise of the island of Crete.
The book is most beautifully printed ; the Greek
tvpes of this impression being most elegant, but
something different from those made use of at pre-
sent in the printing of Greek authors.

Idem, Gr. Venet. sub signo Aldi,

15 19, fol. Edit, secunda.
Idem, a Sylburgio, Gr. e Typo-



188 e tr

graphio Commelini, fol. 1594. ll. 1 6s. Edit, tertia.
This is the Edit. opt. A new Edition of this work
is now preparing at Gottingen.

Etymologic sacras Graeco-Latina?, e Gracis
Fontibus deprompta?, a Du Mortier, Rom. 1703. 1 8s.

Eubuli Fragmenta, Gr. et Lat. in Had. Winter-
toni, Poetis Minoribus Grascis, Cantab. 1633, 1652,
1661, 1671, 1677, 16S4, 1700, Svo. et Londini,
1712, 8vo.

Eucheri (Sancti) Lucubrationes, Editore Bras-
sicano, Basil. Hieron. Froban. 1531, fol.

Formularum Intelligentiae Spiritualis, et

aiia opuscula, Basil. Cratander, 1530, 4to.

Epistola Paroenetica de Contemptu Mundi,

Basil. 1516, 4to. Bas. Cratan. 1520, 4to.

Paris, apud Ascens. 1525, 8vo.

Commentarii in Genesim, in Iibros Re-
gum, et alia, a Pctro Galesinio, fol. Rom. Aid.
1564. Connected with other tracts. There are
two Editions by Aldus in this year.

Epistola ad Valerianum de Philosophic

Christiana, 4to.

' sine ulla nota, Jac. Thanner, Lipsia?,

1521, 4to.

de Laudibus Eremi, Svo. Paris. 1578.-

with Hilary of Harks.

Eucher was archbishop of Lyons, about A. D.
434, and died in 454. His works are also inserted
in the Bibliothcca Pat rum. His Oration in praise
of the Desart, is allowed to possess considerable
merit : the style is noble and elegant ; the reasoning



E U 183

strong, the expressions energetic, and the compari-
sons beautiful and appropriate.
jKuclidis Elementa Astronomic, Latine, cum
Campani annotationibus, Venetiis, Erh. Matdolt.
1482, fol. Edit, princ. Done in Gothic characters,
with the figures in the margin.

Ulnue, /. Reger, 14S6, fol.

Vicentiai, Leon. Basil. Simone Bevilaq.

1491, fol.

: Elementorum Liber quartus decimys,

cum Ifypsitfis Interp. Venet. Sim. Bevilaqua, 1498,
fol.

Opera, Greece, cum Theonis Expositione,

c. Sim. Grynaei, Basil. 1530, fol.

Graec. Basil. Hervag. 1533, fol. A fine

copy of tins Edition sold at Dr. Askew's sale for
lL 14s.

Opera, cum Expositione Theonis, Barth.

Zamberto Interprete, Venet. Jo. Tacuin, 1505, fol.

Paris. Henr. Steph. 1516, fol.

Paris. Hen. Steph. 4to. sine anno.

Elementorum Geometria, libri iv. cum

Comment. Campani, Francof. ad Oder, 1506, 4to.

Elementorum, libri xy. ex Campani Tra-

duct. Venet. Paganin. de Paganin. 1509, fol.

Elem. Gcom. Sex prior. Paris. Wechel.

1534, 8vo.

Elementa quzedam Arithmetica, Gr. et

Lat. 4to. Lutet. ap. Vascosan. 1554. 5s.

Libri 15, Gr. et Lat. Svo. Parifr apud

Guil. Cavellat, 1593. 2s.



190 E U

Euclidis Elementa, Gr. et Lat. 12mo. Parisiis,
1551. 4s.

Elementa, Gr. et Lat. Svo. a Dasypodw,

Argent. 1571. A good Edition.

Elementorum, Libri sex, Gr. et Lat. fol.

^ Commandino* Lond. 1620.

Elementorum, Libri xv. ab Angelo Ca-

jano, Gr. et Ital. Svo. Roma, 1545. 7s. 6d. Editio
varissima.

Data, Grasc. et Lat. 4to. per Hardy >

Paris. 1625.

Optica et Catoptrica, Gr. et Lat. 4to. per

Penam, Paris. 1557. 5s. This is the first Edition
of these Tracts.

Rudimenta Muices, Gr. et Lat. 4to. per

Penam, Paris. 1557. First Edition. Liber varus.
This is also among the Antique Musics Scriptorcs,
Gr. et Lat. Lug. Bat. Elzev. 1652, 2 vol.

Opera omnia, Gr. et Lat. fol. a Gregorio,
Oxon.1703. ll. is. large paper, ll. 16s. to2l.2s. Ed.
opt. Some copies have the date 1713. The Univer-
sity of Oxford, intending to publish all the Greek
Mathematicians, began with Euclid, as the stand-
ard writer of the elements of geometry and arith-
metic. In this Edition is published whatever has been
believed to be Euclid's by any considerable mathe-
matician : but many things having been attributed to
Euclid that are not his, (as in after ages it happened
to men of such established fame as he has been for
above 2000 years) Dr. Gregory, in the Preface, after.
a short summary of Euclid's Life, (as far as can be



E U 19L

gathere4 from the writings of the ancients, who
were ashamed to set down particulars of him who
was so much and universally known) gives not only
a description of each particular book, but also his opi-
nion whether it be truly Euclid's or not, with his rea-
sons. First of all are the Elements, which make
two-thirds of the whole volume. The first thirteen
books are certainly Euclid's : the 14th and 15th are
by most thought to be Ilypsicles's of Alexandria.
There are no Scholia, no explications added to the
Elements (being thought needless to a book of Ele-
ments written with so much judgment as this is) nor
any notes, except in some very few places, where
there are Various headings that are material, or
where the Text is manifestly corrupted. Next come
the Data, which are undoubtedly Euclid's, yea,
more undoubtedly than the Elements themselves.
For many have said that Theon did quite change the
Elements, and supply their demonstrations, but ne-
ver any body questioned whether the Data are Eu-
clid's. Dr. Gregory, in the Preface, compares this
book with Pappus's description of it, restores some
places in it that have been corrupted, and shews the
use that the ancients made of these Data. The two
Musical Tracts follow, which the Editor thinks are
not both Euclid's; it maybe neither, as is fully set
forth in the Preface. Next are Euclid's Phcenomina,
which were never before published in Greek. This
book is not doubted to be Euclid's, it agreeing with
Pappus's description of it. Dr. Gregory has re-
stored its own original figures, which Josephus



192 | U.

Auria, in his Translation, had changed for others far
less convenient and intelligible. After this comes
the Optics and Catoptrics, which, if not spurious,
(for Proclus indeed mentions books of Euclid con-
cerning these subjects) are very much corrupted, as
in. the Preface is fully shewn. To these arc added
the Notes of the noble and learned Sir Henry Sa-
vile, founder of the two mathematical chairs in the
University of Oxford, which he wrote on the margin
of his own book, and which shew that he was as
great a master in mathematics as he was a patron of
them. Next in order is the book de Dirisionibus.
This commonly goes under the name Machometes
Bagdedinus. But because there is no book extant of
Euclid's with this title, although it is clear from Pro-
clus that he wrote such a one ; and because Mr. John
Dee, who translated it, thinks that this is Euclid's,
it was thought proper to publish it here. To this
also are joined some Notes of Sir Henry Savile,
which exceedingly clear the matter. Lastly, there
is a fragment, de Levi et Ponderoso, published by
LLervagius in Latin, and by Tatraglia in Ltalian,
which commonly passes for Euclid's. These two
last are not to be found in Greek, they being lost if
ever they were in that language. There are several
other of Euclid's works, mentioned by Pappus and
Proclus, that arc quite lost. These Dr. Gregory
describes at length in the Preface, to which we remit
those that are curious Philosophical Transactions,
vol. xxiv. p. 1553 1560.

This excellent Edition has scarcely left any thing
undone, which the admirers of Luc! id can desire.



E U 19*

Latin Editions of Euclid.
Euclidis Elementor. liber x. Lat. Pet. Montau.*
rei, 4to. Par. ib. 1551. 5s.

cum Scholiis Antiquis, a Commandino,

fol. Pisauri, 1619. 10s. 6d,

cum Scholiis Antiq. Lib. xv. Lat. Is. Bar-

row, 8vo. Lond. per R. Daniel, 1 659.
Elem. cura Simson, Glasg. 1756. 10s. 6d.

Elementorum Geometricorum, Lib. xiii.

A rabice, fol. Rom. in Typographia Medicea, 1 594.

Euclid, the Mathematician, was born at Megara,
and flourished at Alexandria under Ptolomy Lagus
and Ptolomy Phiiadelphus, about 200 years before
the Christian ana. He was the first who reduced
Geometry into the form of a science. His Elements,
in 15 books (the two last of which some ascribe to
Hypsicles) are the most perfect work of the kind
produced either by ancient or modern times, and
appears so complete, that there is scarcely any room
left to desire any thing more simple and more
full. Proclus, his commentator, says that Ptolomy
king of Egypt began to study Geometry under this
great master, but being harrassed by the first diffi-
culties, he asked Euclid, Ju tk tr vi^ ytttfttr^tfu n; r-
X^oa-iui ^%x iUV f0o&>f : " Is there no easier way to ac-
quire the Elements of Geometry ?" To which the
Geometrician answered : Ovhpm $,', u (3*n\ti/y wg?s
ysi'^ETfiay Ctfft^wn iSo; vunt^os, See. " O king, there is
no royal path to Geometry:" intimating, that who-
ever would learn it must first acquire the Elements;
and in this, kings could have no privileged way beyond
peasants. S



194 E U

Eudoxus. Sec Hen. Dodwcll de vetcribus Gras-
corum Romanorumque Cyclis, Oxon. 1701, 4to.
Diss. 8. Sect. 13, 14.

Eugafrii Comment, in Terentium, Lugd. Bat.
1686, 8vo.

Eugenii Opuscula with Colwnban, Dracontius t
and others, 8vo. Par. 1619.

a Jac. Sirmondo, Svo. Par. 1620 with

Dracontius.

Eugenius, the II. Bishop of Toledo, died in 657.

EuGifPii Thesaurus, ex S. Augustini Operibus,
aJohaji. Heroldyfol. Bas. 1542, 2 vol. A very rare
work, containing a compendium of what the author
believed to be the most excellent parts of St. Augus-
tine's doctrine.

Eugippius was originally of Norica, but came to
Italy in 488, and was afterwards abbot of Lucullano.
When he died is uncertain.

Eugubini Opera omnia, Venet. 1591, tomis 3,
fol. Lib. rar.

Eulerii (Leonhardi) Tentamen novae Theorias
Musicac, ex certissimis harmonias principiis dilucide
expositae. Petropoli, 1739, 4to. cum fig.

This most eminent mathematician and excellent
man was the son of a protestant minister, and was
born at Basil in 1707, and died at Petersburg in
1783. He is author of a vast number of philoso-
phical works, which have been translated into seve-
ral languages.

Eumenii Panegyricl Among the Panegyrici



EU 1$5

Veteres in usum Delphini, by Father de la Baune,
Par. 1676, 4to.

Eumenii Panegyr, 8vo. Altdorph. 1716.

JEumenius was descended from an Athenian fa-
mily i and professed rhetoric at Autun, about A. D.
300. His most celebrated oration is that addressed
to Riccius VaruSy praefect of Gallia Lyonese, pro re*
staurandis Scholiis JEduorum, to induce him to *e-
establish the public schools ruined by the barbarians


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