8vo. Roma?, 1662, 2 vol. The major part is made
up of Episilts and ancient Synods.
Opuscula tria veterum auctorum Fastidii Episcopi,
Passio SS. Martyrum perpetua? et Felicitatis, et Pas-
sio S. Bonifacii, a Luc a llolstenio, 8vo. Roma?, 1663.
Veteris JEx'i Analecta, ab Antonio Matthai, 4to.
llag. Comit. 1738, 5 vol. A valuable Collection
C O 17
of ancient monuments, not before published, princi-
pally relative to the expeditions to the Holy Land,
the transactions of the Teutonic Order, &c.
Cypriani, Hillarii, Leonis Papas, etaliorumOpus-
cula, a Joseph. Chrysost. Trom belli, 4to. Bononia?,
Veterum Patrum Beda?, Claudii Taurinensis, ali-
orumque Opuscula, ab eodem, 4to. Bononias, 1755.
SS. Patrum Toletanorum Opera, a Francisco de
Lorenzana, fol. Matriti, 1782 85, 2 vol.
SS. Philastrii, Gaudentii, B. Ramperti et Ven.
Adelmanni Opuscula, jussu Card. Ang. Siuirini il-
lustrata, fol. Brixia?, 1738.
SS. Leo Magnus, Maximus Taurin. Petrus Chry-
sologus, Fulgentius, Valerianus, Amedeus et Aste-
rius, a Theophylo Bainaudo, fol. Paris. 1661.
Hieronymi Theologi cujusdam Graeci, Dialogus
de Trinitate, et aliorum Monumenta, a Christ. Dau-
mio, 8vo. Cygneae, 1677.
Isaaci Leoporii Presbyteri, Capreoli Episcopi Car-
thaginensis, et Victorini Afri Libelli, a Jacobo Sir-
mondo, 8vo. Paris. 1630.
Achaia; Presbyterorum et Diaconorum Epistola de
Martyrio S. Andraeae, a Carolo Christ. JFoogd, Gr. et
Lat. 8vo. Lips. 1749.
Anecdotorum Medii ^Evi Collectio, a P. Franc.
Zacharia, fol. Aug. Taurinor. 1755.
Libri Veterum Pcenitentiales, ab Ant. Augustino,
4to. Venet. 1584.
Capitularia Regum Francorum, Marculfi Mohaci,
18 C O
et aliorum Formulas Veteres, Sec. a Stephano Baluzio,
fol. Paris. 1773, 2 vol.
Victoris Presbyteri Antiocheni, et aliorum SS. Pa-
trum Expositio Evangelii secundum Matthasum, a
Christiana Frid. Matthtei, Gr. 8vo. Mosquas, 1775
Joannis Xiphilini et Basilii Magni Orationes ali-
quot, ab eodem, Gr. 4to. Mosquas, 1775.
Lectiones Mosquenses, ab eodem, Gr. 8vo. Lips.
1779, 2 vol. These are fragments of ancient Greek
fathers, and other Greek writers.
Consilia magna Britannia? et Hibernian, ab an.
446 ad an. 1717, a Davide Wilkins, fol. Londini,
1737, 4 vol.
Collectio Bullarum Sacro Sancta? Basilica? Vati-
cance, ab Aimibale Card. Albano, fol. Romas, 1747,
Synodicon, sive Pandectas Canonum SS. Aposto-
lorum et Conciliorum, ab Ecclesia Grasca recepto-
rum, et canonici SS. Patrum Epistolarum, cum Scho-
liis, a Guilt. Beveridgio, Gr. et Lat. fol. Oxon.
1G72. An excellent work.
Liturgiarum Orietalium Collectio, ab Eusebio Re-
naudotio, 4to. Par. 1716.
Acta Primorum Martyrum, sincera et sclecta, a
Ruinart, fol. Veronas, 1731. See Acta, Amcenita-
tes, and Bibliotheca.
Collection of the Remains of ancient Greek
and Roman Architecture.
Roman Antiquities, by Piranesi t 4 vol.
C O if
Ruins of Athens, by Stuart and Bevett, 3 vol.
of Palmyra and Balbec, by Wood, 2 vol.
of Spalatro, by Adams.
of Poestum, by Major.
Ionian Antiquities, by the Society of Dilettanti.
Desgodetz Edifices Antiques de Rome, 2 vol.
Overbecke Reliquiae Antiquae Urbis Romae.
Clerisseau Antiquites de Nismes, 41 Plates.
CastelVs Villas of the Ancients.
Norderfs Travel's in Egypt, Nubia, kc. 2 vol.
Les Thermes des Romains par Palladio, publies
par Scamozzi in 20 atlas volumes, 96l.
To these may be added, Dentin's Travels in
Egypt, 2 vol. fol. A most interesting" and excel-
Piranesi's Work delta Magnificenza d? ArchiteU
tura di Roma, is an incomparably fine representa-
tion of the elegance of the arts and private life in an-
cient Rome, once the mistress of the whole world.
The whole of his works, in 25 parts, agreeable to
the list of them published at Rome by his brother
in 1750, sells for 80 guineas.
Baths of Titus. The ancient Paintings of the
Baths of Titus, taken from the original by Carloni ;
atlas folio; no date. No work was ever executed,
which composes so splendid a Collection of fine
Prints as this. It contains sixty- one coloured beauti-
ful representations, exactly describing the style in
which the ancients finished the apartments of their
sumptuous structures. A very few copies have been
taken off. A fine copy, in Mr. Paris's sale, pro-
duced 1701. 2s.
Collection of Classics, printed by Foulis, in
Sophoclis Tragoediae septem, Gr. et Lat. 2 torn.
Glasg. 1745. iEschyli Tragoediae septem, Gr. et
Lat. 2 tom. Glasg. 1746. Antoninus de Seipso, Gr.
et Lat. 2 tom. Glasg. 1744. Longinus, Gr. et Lat.
Glasg. 1763. Demosth. Orationes, Graece, Glasg.
1762. Theocritus, Gr. et Lat. Glasg. 1746. Aris-
toteles de Mundo, Gr. et Lat. Glasg. 1745. Plu-
tarchi Poemata, Gr. et Lat. Glasg. 1753. Epicteti
Enchiridion, Gr. et Lat. Glasg. 1758. Theophrasti
Characteres, Gr. et Lat. Glasg. 1743. Best paper,
uniformly and elegantly bound, gilt leaves, 30 vol.
7l. 7s. These are the best and most correct of all
the Foulis printing.
Collection of Classics, smallest Size, (from 3
to 4 Inches bj/ 2) alphabetically arranged, with
their usual Prices, when in very good Condition,
Apuleius, Amst. 1728, 4s.
Ausonius, Amst. 1621, 4s.
Boethius de Consolatione Philosophise, Parish's,
Catullus, Tibullus, Propertius, et Gallus, Amst.
Elzev. 1651, 4s.
Ciceronis Cato Major, Lut. 1753, 10s. 6d.
Claudianus, Amst. 1628,4s.
lleinsii, Amst. ap. Elzev. 1677, 3s.
Cornelius Nepos, Lugd. 1616, 4s.
Dictys Cietensis et Dares Phrygius, Amst. 1630,
C O 21
Diversorum in Priapum lusus, 3s. 6d.
Epictctiis et Cebes, Gr. et Lat. 2 vol. Lug. Bat.
Erasmi Moriae Encomium, Amst. 1629, 5s,
Historian Romans Scriptorcs, Amst. 1625, 4s.
Horatius, Sedani, 1627, 11. Is.
large paper, ll. lis. 6d. The small pa*
per is a beautiful little book, Paris, e Typ. Pegia,
1733, ll. Is.
Ismenis Ismeniasque amorum Historia, L. B. 1634,
4s. A copy of this, on silk, lately brought 1 2s.
Justinus, Amst. 1638, 4s.
Lucanus, Grotii, Amst. 1627, 3s. 6d.
Lucretius, Amst. 1620, 3s.
Martial, Scrwerii, Amst. 1621, 3s.
Ovidii Opera, 3 vol. Amst. 1634, 10s. 6d.
Phaedrus, Paris, e Typ. Regia, 1729 : large pa-
per, 18s. small ditto. 10s. 6d.
Pindari Olympia, Graece, Glasg. ap. Foulis, 1754.
Printed on silk, ll. lis. 6d. on paper, 15s.
Plautus, Amst. 1629, 4s.
Plinii Panegyricus, Parisiis, 1648, 3s.
Prudentius, Amst. 1631, 3s. 6d.
Quintus Curtius, Amst. 1638, 3s.
Seneca? Opuscula Philosophies, Lugd. Bat. 5s.
Seneca Tragcediae, Amst. 1624, 3s.
Silius Italicus, Amst. 1631, 5s.
Suetonius, Pontani, Amst. 1627, 4s.
Tacitus, Lipsii, Amst. 1631, 6s.
Theophrastus, Gr. et Lat. Werdenhagen, Lug.
Bat. 1632. 5s.
22 C O
Valerius Maximus, Amst. 1626, 48.
Virgiiius, Sed. 1625, ll. Is.
General Observations on the first printed Classics,
and others, taken principally from Palmer's His-
tory of Printing.
With respect to the forms of the works, they
were generally either large or small folios, or at least
quartos; the smaller sizes were not in use. The
leaves were without running title, direction word,
number of pages, or divisions into paragraphs. The
character itself was a rude old Gothic, mixed with
secretary, designed on purpose to imitate the hand-
writing of the time. The words were so closely and
connectedly printed, that they were difficult to be
read, even by those who were accustomed to mss.
and often led the inattentive reader into mistakes.
There was then no standard for orthography ; it
was various, and often arbitrary, method being
wholly disregarded. Their periods were distinguish-
ed by no other points than the double and single one,
i. e. the Colon and Full Stop ; just after the same man-
ner in which the reading Psalms in our Common
Prayer Books are all pointed ; all other punctuations
being of much later invention. Abbreviations were
so frequent with tire first printers, and in time be-
came so numerous, and difficult to be understood,
that a treatise was written on the art of reading a
printed book ! They used no great letters to begin
a sentence, or proper name of men or places.
They left blanks for the places of titles, initial let-
C O 25
iers, and other ornaments, in order to have them
supplied by the illuminators, whose ingenious art,
though in vogue before and at that time, yet did not
long survive the masterly improvements made by
the printers in this branch of their art. These orna-
ments were exquisitely fine, and curiously variegated
with the most beautiful colours, and even with gold
and silver; the margins likewise were frequently
charged with variety of figures of saints, birds,
beasts, monsters, flowers, &c. which had some-
times relation to the contents of the page, though
mostly none at all. These embellishments were
very costly ; but for those that could not afford a
round price, there were others done after a more
ordinary manner, and at much cheaper rates. The
name of the printer, place, &c. were either wholly
neglected, or put at the end of the book, not with-
out some pious ejaculation or doxology. The date
was likewise omitted, or involved in some crampt
circumstantial period, or else printed either at full
length, or by numerical letters, and sometimes
partly one and partly the other, thus : One thousand
CCCC and Sixty, Kc. but all of those at the end of
the book. There was no variety of characters, no
intermixture of Roman and Italic, which were of
later invention; but their pages were continued in a
Gothic letter, of the same size throughout.
Their Rubricks, which were very frequent, and
added no small beauty to the pages, were sometimes
done by the same hands as the initial letters.
Whenever they met with any Greek, they either
S4 c o
left a blank for it, to be afterwards filled up by writ-
ing, if the passage was long ; or, if short, consisting
only of three or four words, they got it cut on wood,
though after such a rude and ill-shaped manner, that
it required some pause to be read. The quotations
of the places out of which they were taken, were
yery often neglected, both in manuscripts and print-
ed books ; which caused the curious no small trou-
ble to find them out.
They had seldom dedicatory or prefatory Epis-
tles ; and when they began afterwards to retail them
in their impressions, they generally placed them at
the end of the work ; a piece of justice as much neg-
lected, as wanting in our age. They collected no
Table of Contents, no Index, nor Summary, (which
are indubitably a great help to the reader) nor any
JErratas at the end ; for what faults were in their
editions, were rather owing to the manuscripts which
they printed after, than to the carelessness of the
printer. They printed but few copies at once, for
two or three hundred were then esteemed a large
impression ; though, upon the encouragements re-
ceived from the learned, they increased their num-
bers in proportion.
They were not solicitous to obtain Privileges and
Patents for the sole printing of any particular vo-
lume; though, towards the latter end of Faust's
times, everal of his servants set up printing-houses
and were ambitious to excel their master. How
soon after, those privileges began, appears from that
granted by the emperor to John Schoejfcr, Faust's
grandson, . 1519, for the sole printing of Livy ;
and to prohibit any other to reprint those books
which had come from his press : and as this had
been granted upon account of his being grandson of
the inventor of the art, so several popes and princes
gave like patents to then: printers, as a mark of their
Of the works which are printed upon Vellum,
being formerly valuable chiefly for that peculiarity,
and are therefore become very scarce, it may not be
improper to make some observations upon them.
It is, first, natural to enquire, why this method of
printing was so frequent among the first printers. It
is probable, that the disproportion of the price of vel-
lum and paper was not then so great as at present,
there being many proofs that, in the middle ages,
paper was a very scarce commodity. Vellum was
then in great use, because, as it was a laborious
work to transcribe a book, it was rational to use last-
ing materials, as we now do in writings, which are
not to be printed ; though it is no longer necessary
to observe the same caution, with regard to book.'.
But, however frequently vellum was used, it does
not appear that any impression was wholly confined
to it, as some have thought, who have denied the
genuineness of some books mentioned in Cataloguer,
because they were printed on paper, when others of
the same Edition were printed on vellum. There
were in the Harleian Library Faust's Tully's Officer,
both of 1465 and 1466, as well on paper as vellum ;
tiie Catholicon of 1460 was of both kinds. I have
26 G O
yet, indeed, seen no copy upon paper of the Bible in
1462 ; but it is not improbable that, as the Bible was
more used than other books, the paper copies might
be worn out ; or that the others might be preserved
on account of the vellum, by those who valued them
for no other reason. After Faustus, no bocks seem
to have been printed upon vellum, but for the sake
of curiosity ; for, as paper became more necessary,
the art of making it became more common, and it
soon grew cheaper than vellum, of which the quan-
tity might be said to be limited by nature, whereas
paper may be increased without difficulty. Palmer.
Concerning Classics it may be necessary farther
to say, that this name is not, or should not, be given
to any ancient authors, but to those alone who have
written the best in their respective languages, the
cultivation of which they have carried to their high-
est degree of perfection, so that their labours serve
for models to all those who apply themselves to the
study of polite literature ; or as Aulus Gellius terms
them, Scriptores prima notte, et prestantissimi.
By Latin Classics, are understood those authors
who have flourished in the time of the Roman Re-
public, and those who lived in the reign of Augus-
tus, or shortly after ; such as, Terence, Caesar,
Corn. Nepos, Cicero, Sallust, Virgil, Horace,
J*HiEDRUs, Titus Livius, Ovid, Valerius Maxi-
mus, Velleius Paterculus, Quintus Curtius, Ju-
venal, Martial, and Frqntinus. These are
Latin Classics of the first order. To these may be
added, Cornelius Tacitus, who flourished in the
second century ; also Pliny the Younger, FloRus,
Suetonius, and Justin. It was in the second cen-
tury, under the Antonini, that the beautiful Latinity
of the republican and Augustin age, began to dege-
Among the Greek Classics, Homer, Hesiod,
Pindar, Herodotus, Thucydides, Xenophon,
Demosthenes, Isocrates, Aristotle, &c. hold
thejirst rank. To these may be added, the Fables
of JEsoj>, the Dialogues of Lucian, and most of the
Fragments of Plutarch.
Most nations have their Classic Authors, whose
reputation, once established, serve for models to the
numerous herd of imitators which come after. In
dead languages, it is well to select the best authors,
and establish them as standards of pure and elegant
composition; for in such languages no further ex-
cellence can be expected. But in those languages
which continue to be vernacular, the case is widely
different ; they may still be improved and polished,
therefore no writer should be set up as a standard of
insurpassable excellence. Why may not the Eng-
lish, for instance, expect writers, which shall as far
excel Addison, Steele, Johnson, Spencer, Shakespear,
Milton, and Pope, as they have surpassed their pre-
decessors ? Certainly the English language and the
British genius, notwithstanding their almost unri-
valled excellence, are still capable of greater per-
Our neighbours, the French, (between whom and
us may there be an eternal peace !) our only rivals in
arts and arms, have denominated as Classics those
writers who flourished in the reign of Lewis XIV.
such as, Corneille, Despreaux, Pascal, Bossuet, Fc-
tielon, Racine, Moliere, and Regnaud. To whom
they add the following, in the 18th century; Or-
billon, Voltaire, tire two Bousseaus, Dumarsais,
Montesquieu, Buffon, Mably, Condillac, Barthe-
iemy, &c. All these authors have contributed their
quota to the polish and improvement of the French
tongue ; and under their pens it has assumed a more
elegant and vigorous form : but this language, like
our own, is not only susceptible of, but requires fur-
With the Classics of other countries I have at pre-
sent nothing to do ; the above being only introduced
en passant, merely for the sake of illustration.
Colladini (Didaci) Dictionarium Lingua; Ja-
ponicas : ejusdem Ars Grammatics Japonica? Lin-
gua?, Roma?, 1632, 4to.
Columbi (Realdi) Cremonensis de Re Anato-
mica, libri xv. Venetiis, 1559, fol. cum fig. lib. rar.
Columns (Fabii) Historia Plantarum, cui acce-
dit Historia Piscium aliquot et Plantarum novarum,
cum iconibus, Neapoli, 1592, 4to. cum fig.
. Historia Stirpium minus cognitarum,
nccnon Aquatilium Animalium Historia, Roma?,
1616, 3 vol. 4to.
De Purpura, Roma?, 1616, 4to.
The whole of this Collection is both scarce and
dear, the first article especially, which was reprinted
at Milan in 1744, but without lessening the value
of the original Edition.
Columna (Fab.) de Purpura, cum annotatiom-
bus Jo. Dan. Majoris, Killas, 1675, 4to.
Fabius Columna, or Colonne, was born at Naples
in 1567. On Natural History, he excelled all wri-
ters previous to Sir Charles Linne.
Poliphili Hypnerotomachia Opus, ubi humana
omnia nonnisi Somnium esse docet ; authore Fran*
cisco Columna. Ven. Aid. 1499, fol. Edit.princ.
A rare and curious work. It was printed at Tre-
visa, with the counterfeit date 1467, but this Edition
is mutilated, and of little worth.
Junius Moderatus Columella de Re Rustica,
8vo. Argentor. absque anni et typographi indicio.
cum notis Pomponii, Pii t Beroaldiy
et aliorum, 4to. Paris. 1543.
4to. Paris. Morellus, 1549. This au-
thor is found also among the writers De Re Rustica.
4to. Francof. 1553. A rare Edition.
apud Commelin, 8vo. 1596. 'This con-
tains other writers on the same subject besides Co*
The Edition, " Ursini, 8vo. Romas, 1587," re-
ferred to by some bibliographers, does not contain
the text of Columella, but only some observations
on this writer, connected with other works.
4to. sine ulla nota. Audifredi sup-
poses, from the character, that it was printed at
Rome by Adam Rot.
De Cultu Hortorum, libri xi. fol. sine
ulla nota. Probably printed at Rome by Eucharius
Columella (J. M.J de Cultu Hort. fol. Par-
ma?; sine typog. nomine, 1478.
4to. sine ulla nota ; with this title, De
Cultura Horloram Carmen ; and at the end, Et sic
tit finis per me Jacob urn de Breda.
cum Julii PomponiiFortunati Comment,
fol. absque ulla nota.
a Jo. Bapt. Pio, fol. Bonon. 1520.
For other Editions of this author, published with
Cato, Varro, &c. see Cato, vol. 2. p. 146, Sec.
Columella was born at Cadiz in Spain, and flou-
rished under Claudius, about A. D. 42. His works
are very valuable, not only on account of the style,
which is formed on the model of the Augustan age,
butalso'on account of the precepts it contains. Mr.
Saboureux de la Bonnet rie has translated the piece
De Be Bustica, to which he has subjoined curious
notes, Paris, 1773, 2 vol. 8vo. This translation
makes a part of the work entitled Economic Burale,
6 vol. 8vo.
Coluthi De Baplu Helena Carmen, Gr. 8vo.
Venet. Aid. absque anni indicio. Editio princeps.
Connected with which is Quintus Calaber.
a Theoph. Christ. Harks, Gr. 8vo.
a Sleph. Ubelo, Gr. et Lat. 8vo. Fra-
a Joan. Dan. Lanness, Gr. et Lat Svo.
Lcovard. 1747. Edit. opt.
ab Ang. Mar. Bandinio, Gr. et Lat.
Svo, Florent. 1765,
C O 31
Coluthus aim Tryphiodoro, de Trojae eversionc,
Gr. et Lat. 12mo. Crispin, sine anno.
4to. 2 vol. Lipsia?, 1577, with Nean-
der, Phocylides, Theognis, &c. 11. lis. 6d.
Coluthus was a Greek poet, born at Lycopolis,
about the beginning of the 6th century. Of his
works nothing remains but the Rape of Helen, the
best part of which is the Judgment of Paris. The
whole work is an indifferent composition ; the style
is cold and feeble. Coluthus lived in an age in
which the true poetic spirit had ceased to flourish,
and his genius was insufficient to revive it, or to raise
himself above his contemporaries.
Sancti Colombani Opera, a Patricio Flemingo
Hyberno, fol. Lovan. 1667.
Opuscula, (among the Parasneticive te-
res,) a Goldasto, 4to. Insula?, 1604.
Ojxuscula, 8vo. Paris. 1619. Con-
nected with Eugenii II. To/etani t Dracontii, et
These works are found also in the Biblioiheca Pa-
St. Colomban was born in Ireland, about A. D.
560. Under the instructions of a pious old man,
named Silen, who was one of the disciples of tl.e
Scotch apostle St. Columba, in the monastery of
Benchor, he became eminently pious and learned,
and is said to have composed a book of psalms, and
a number of moral poems, at a very early age. Jn
order to separate himself entirely from the secular
life, he went to Gaul, with twelve disciples. An
old ruinous castle, in the neighbourhood of Vos-
ge?, was their first asylum. In 589 he built the mo-
nastery of Luxeville, arid soon after another at Fon-
taine. The king, Thierri II. exiled him to Besan-
c,on, at the solicitation of his wicked queen Brune-
Jiaut, who was offended at the pious exhortations of
the holy man. He went afterwards to Italy, founded
the monastery of Bobio, and died there in 61 5. The
Abbe" Velliy in his History of Fronts, calumniates
this good man in a violent manner : but he has been
completely defended against the imputations of this
writer by the learned Benedictines of St. Maur, in
the Advertisement of the 1 2th volume of the Lite-
rary History of France, p. 9.
Comestoris (Petri Trecensis) Historia Scho-
Jastica, fol. 1473, per Gunth. Zainer.
Historia Scholastica. Basil, 1686, fol.
This is a species of universal history, contain-
ing the memorable events that have happened since
the beginning of the world, ranged as a chronicle.
The text is printed in two columns, accompanied by
figures engraved on wood, which are sometimes co-
loured ; and there are no folios, signatures, or other
marks, to preserve the order of the sheets.
Peter Comestor was a canon regular of Paris, and
died in 1198. His history is little worth : he bur-
dens his narrative with tedious dissertations, which
are often stuffed with ridiculous fables. The fol-
lowing curious Epitaph was made on him :
Petrus eram, quern petra tegit dictusque Comestor,
Nunc Comedor. Vivus docui, nee cesso docere
Mortuus ; ut dicat, qui me videt in cineratum :
Quod suraus iste fuit, eriraus quandoque quod hie est.
Comenii [Jo. Amos) Orbis visibilis in Latina,
Ruthenica, Teutonica, Italica, et Gallica Linguis re-
praesentatus, sive succincta introductio, qua declara-
tur, qui tenera? juventuti facili methodo non linguas
tantum rationali exercitatione, verum etiam res scitu
raaxime necessarian instillari debeant, centum gut'n-
guaginta et uno capitibus comprehensa, quorum
quodlibet inscriptionis ac synopseos loco, dicto ac
Sacra Scriptura desumpto instructum est; ac
cum indice vocabulorum praecipuorum Rutbenico-
rum, qui Dktionarioli usibus juventatis Ruthenicae
inservituri, vices in quinque linguis implere potest,
edit. Mosquas, 1768, 8vo. lib. rar. The title-page
is printed on a whole 8vo. sheet, in long lines, across
the two pages, on which the title is given in each of
the five languages.
Janua Linguarum reserata, 8vo. Les-
niae, 1631. Often republished The Edition of
1661, 8vo. is in five languages. This work has not
only been printed in twelve European languages, but
also in Arabic, Persian, Moguls, and Turkish.
Orbis pictus, by Hoole, Svo. (with first
impression of the plates,) 1689, 4s.
The author was a protestant divine, born at Mo-
ravia in 1592, and died in 1671, aged 80 years. He
was a very eminent grammarian, and attempted se-
veral improvements in the mode of educating youth ;
which however did not succeed well. The most use-
ful Edition of his woik in five languages, is that
printed at Moscow, noticed above.
guinqaaginta veterum Comicorum Gracorum
Scntentite, a Valentino Hertelio, Gr. et Lat. 8vo.
Ex veterum Co mi cor um Fabulis, quae integras
non extant, Sententite, GrteCts, et Latino:, 8vo. Pa-