Copyright
Adele M. (Adele Marion) Fielde.

A pronouncing and defining dictionary of the Swatow dialect, arranged according to syllables and tones online

. (page 1 of 117)
Online LibraryAdele M. (Adele Marion) FieldeA pronouncing and defining dictionary of the Swatow dialect, arranged according to syllables and tones → online text (page 1 of 117)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


ilj ^tintrr.

92,
nan Road,
HANGfA'



•JOHN^"fRYER'
CHINESE- LIBRARY




A



PRONOUNCING AND DEFINING



DICTIONAKY



OF



THE SWATOW DIALECT,



AEEANGED ACCORDING TO SYLLABLES AND TONES.



\ 4'«^*v



BY



A. M. FIELDE,

OF THE AMERICAN BAPTIST MIS8I0H AT SWATOW.



• »



SHANGHAI :

1883.






lOli W P B YC H
- CHIN S SE L IB R A RY
TO
THOSE WHO ARE TO COME

IMIO THa

AMEEICAN BAPTIST MISSION AT 8WAT0W

AS BKABERS OP THE GOSPEL OP CHRIST TO THE TIE-CHIU PEOPLE

THIS BOOK 18 AFFECTIONATELY INSCRIBED.



PREFACE.

The compilation of this Dictionary, which contains 5442 words, has occupied
four years, in connection with much other work. Thanks are due from the
author to many who have incidentally assisted her in the making of this book,
especially to Dr. S. Wells Williams, whose far greater labors have helped her to
such knowledge as she has of the Chinese language ; to Dr. Wm. Ashmore, whose
acquaintance with the Swatow vernacular has made his advice valuable to her ;
to those who at diflferent times and places have cared for her during severe
illness ; to those who have furnished the funds for the publication of her work ;
and to Dr. and Mrs. M. T. Yates, of Shanghai, whose home has been hers during
the year of putting the book through the press.

A. M. FIELDE.
Shanghai, March, 1883.



'±±22^^



} vj.



V-Jf.. -» i.



:f<i-i-Q "



5 O'M 1.



■-i)^.'



INTRODTJCTION.



TONES.
EvKRT Chinese word has a tone inseparable from its pronunciation. In the Chaa-cliau-fu
vernacular there are eight distinct tones, which can be acquired only from a living teacher.
Many Chinese teachers know no names for the tones, and different teachers place them in different
orders. The following order is perhaps mostnsual.



2p±



cie° phe", upper even.
cie° siang, upper high,
cie" khu, upper going,
cie" jip, upper entering.



±T
XT



e phe", lower even,
e Biang, lower high,
e khu, lower going,
e jlp, lower entering.



These names do not express the relative sounds of the tones but appear to be purely arbitrary.
Words in the entering tones always end in the sound of h, k, p, or t. Syllables ending iu
a vowel add an aspirate in the entering tone, while those ending in n change the n to t,
those ending in ng change the ug to k, and those ending in ra change the m to p. The same
syllable ia seldom found in all the eight tones. The tones may be represented to the eye as follows;



CHINESE
TONAL MAKES.



TONAI, MABK9
IN THIS BOOK.



CHINESE
TONAL MARKS.



TONAL MASKS
IN THIS BOOK.



n

D
Q



/




n
u



x^



INTEODDCTIOS.



EXERCISES IN THE TONES.






sih



s > -



/






till

ti

ti






til)



77 '^

t6






t6li



</!>>



1^



hun

hUQ

hua
hut
hdn
ban



/^' hnn



<^I5



pang
pang



pang



^* pang



pfik



m' ""



H JL hang



uaug
lang
bak
bang
bSng
bang
buk



ifc-ll.



<>^*







tang

tang

tang

tak

tang

tang

tang

tuk



<|WJ



PJa, «



6b



*^



S

M



ut



ut



w *'"■ Jt



lam



lap



I p^3S| lam
QJ^ iam

iam

1^5 "P



'tJ



bam
Iiam
bjira



1 '^Dv bam



bJlm



bam



Pi'



<itj»



Sim



^ili^ Him

4^^ sirn
sip



lNTR0DtJCTI01».



ROMAN LETTERS.

The sounds of Chinese words cannot all be exactly represented by Roman letters, used as in
English. In this book the Roman letter whose sound in English approximates the Chinese
sound, is taken as the symbol of that sound, and the exact pronunciation must be learned from a
Chinese teacher.

The vowels when followed by consonants ai'e much shortened, especially when followed by
h, k, p, and t.

The aspirate does not coalesce with a consonant preceding it, but is always sounded
independently.

The sounds of p, k, and t when not followed by the aspirate are so repressed as to I'esemble
those of b, g, and d.

Of the consonants, all occur as initials but only h, k, ra, n, ng, p and t as finals. ° at the
end of word indicates that the vowels of the word are sounded nasally.

In all cases the pronunciation of Chinese words should be learned through the ear and from
a native teacher, and the Romanized words should be relied on only as a help to the memory
in learning.

The pronunciation of the same word varies greatly in the different districts of Tie-Ciu, the
Department whose chief port is Swatow. Each village and hamlet has modes of speech peculiar
to itself, and many words that are in common use among the people of one locality, are unknown
to those in another. The pronunciation given in this Dictionary is that of Chau-chau-fu, the
Departmental City,

The figui'es under the syllable refer to the page on which the same Chinese character may
be found in Williams' Syllabic Dictionary, which, has been largely used in the preparation of
this one, and from which the definitions here given are mainly derived. The upper figure on
the right hand is the number of the radical under which the character stands in Khang Hi's
dictionaiy, and the lower figure indicates the number of strokes beside the radical.

Probably not more than half of the words used by Swatow people are contained in this
Dictionary, but it is believed that all that are here given are in common use.

THE CHINESE CHARACTERS.

It is thought that the Chinese character given, is the one oftenest used in writing the word
defined, but it is not always the only character which might be used in the same meaning, and
in some sentences another character would be preferable where a similar idea ia to be conveyed.
As the Swatow vernacular is an unwritten tongue, and as the written language is different
from any tongue spoken in China, the student of the language must not make the mistake of
supposing that the Chinese characters representing the separate words would make a correctly
written sentence if set down in the order of the Romanized words .

Where words of two syllables are given, these syllables are always found in the same com-
bination, and the characters used in writing this dissyllable are placed beside it. In many cases
one of the two syllables of a word is found in other combinations, and in such case only the
character which is not elsewhere repeated is given.



IV



INTRODUCTION.



1


9

XL

a
w



g
h

J
k
1



P

B
t

c



SOUNDS OP THE LETTERS.
Vowels.



a as



aw

00



€U



xn



far,

they,

machine,

no,

fawn,

tool,

murder,



US '






m



one,
bar,

gay.

hat,

jam,

kick,

lad,

mat,

nun,

pop,

80,

tilt,

sing,
chair.






7ti "°

Consonanis.



hfl



j^ •»
j(i.



a
^
tt



Jk



na
pa
so
t6

A

ng
cf



i9^



2 '-

li
po
h<5
un

8WD
bf

go
ah



^






*i>



ak

lu
am

in

pu

sim

ut

lang



^^ cun



ap

ek



^ toh

^ biit



tUi\



un



bwn



^ b^h

tham



]6ng
kek

H m&k
■^T ngan



ceng



This last is a sound between ch in chair and ts in fits.



INTRODUCTION.



EXERCISE IN THE ASPIRATES.



Not Aspirated. Aspirated.



kak



yj^ kang



kaa

ki

kam

keng

kai

ko



Not Nasal.



n



ua






m



cia



kh



che°



f^ khak
J la

yP. khang

n khau

dil kin



>^>



11



kham
kheng
khui
kho



Not Aspirated. Aspirated.
y\\ chut

pf] Chang
^>H chong






cut

cang

conjj



cm



^ cu

CO



^ chia

cho



ceng
tak



cheng
thak



tab






Not Aspirated. Aspirated,
tun A-^ than
J^ thah
)^ tlmg

^J phaog
^ phi



pang
^ pi

pot



m



EXERCISE IN NASAL SOUNDS.



Nasal.



^



ua



ce



^ ci'a-



IB chiia"



Not Nasal,
tio

Pi

pi
pua

Yj^ sa
;[^ sua



^



Nasal,
tie"



Pi



^11-^ pua

:^ sa"



sua



NASAL AND ASPIRATED.



khie"
2p. phe"
plua"



phua"
thia"
thiia"
kbua"






9:£



ch6i"



chfa°



ffi ""



a pi""



Not nasal.



16

ke
cie
pe

hue



thi"
the"
che"
khi"






Nasal.
-^ ia"
^ ie"

^ ■^^-

^ cie



pe"
hfie"



thdi"
•^(^ choi"

III pboi'
thia'



VI



INTRODUCTIOK.



TONES IN COMBINATION.
Separate words, and all words separately pronounced, retain their primary tone • but the less
emphatic words in groups of two or more somtstimes change their tones.

The cie°-phe" persists, as in

W ^ kia'.sia', the capital.



m



**



7^ 3v^ io-cia°, fairies.

"j Qm ngio-kfa", kittens.

^J ^f ua"-uo, to solace.

JgH ]^ cheng-khih, clean.

c6-kong, ancestors.

kd-ca, olden times.

-^ ^ P<?*P"o> precious.

^ ff^ kfn-kip, urgent.

^ ^ tin-tang, the centre.

W^ hi-cha", to frolic.

TA 'uk khue-khiie, speedily.

ff^ 1^ cien-kab, armor.

wT 8^ tliih-teng, nails.

ft ^J khak-kh6, to persevere.

^^ yj chiet-io, important.

m m khek-khek, crooked.

^S ^ si-ceng, a clock.

J9^ 4^ bue-p6, dried plums.

^ ^ te-kwn, tea-pots.

^ »^ lo-khak, sea-shells.

r* e-chnn, next spring.



#^









pe-b(5, parents,
cue-kue, offenses,
ciie-ak, wicked.

ti-hng, a place,
ti-pp, aldermen.
pe"-ceng, disease,
toa-pit, coarse hand.



thak-cu, to read.

tiet-fing, a niece.

gauh-khi, musical instruments

lak-thiok, animals.



S^ 46 sie-liu, to help.

PH Wi iu-bun, sorrowful.

^ ^ i-h6k, garments.
The cle"-slang changes, as in

IH VC cfm-thau, a pillow.

^ ^ kuai-clang, a staff.

J^ W!, cua-Ie, a kite.

S5 ^ f u-hOk, to entice.
The cle"-khu chantjea, as in

Sk. ^ phau-th^i, a fort.

^p Hg km-ce", secretly.

"^ 1^ c\u-me", to revile.

yj ^ khi-lAk, energy.
The cie"-j!p changes, as in

^ ^^ siap-si, shortly.

^P ?^ ah-iing, duck's eggs.

W '^ poh-mug, to cavil.

jjL 13! siet-lip, to institute.
The 5-ph6° changes, as in

PSI P^ au-leng, the throat.

39|. ^ khi-i, marvelous.

"^J Tw 16ng-lai, astute.

1^ ^ gu-nek, beef.
The e-siang changes, as in

yv "TC tai-jin, a grandee.

"M !S ^-pi, to prepare.

^ ^ i-ie°, queer.

j§ ^ p5u-DgIak, cruel.
The e-khu persists, as in

WL ^ i'-pua", writing-tray.

7m ^p" su-bu, business.

f^ f^ mang-mang, slowly.

fg| ^ lau-jiet, bustle.
The e-jip changes, as in

^ H m^k-bai, eyebrow.

^r H p6h-tiu, grass-cloth.

^ ^ ciah-png, eat rice.
k{lt-kut, smooth.



INTRODUCTION.



vu



The number of
found in Williams'



^ I

3 ^

« J



THE RADICALS. — JI-W.
the radical, the radical, its contracted form, the page on which it may be
Dictionary, its name, its common designation, and its meaning.

it. ... c6k; c6khfte''iieh.



« A <

^ X

^ A

4 >— >

« }"



20
21

22



. 1095

.. 494...

.. 87 ...

.. 686...

.. 1096

.. 447...

.. 721...

.. 876...

,. 286...

.. 286...

.. 299...

.. 647...

.. 422...

.. 696...

.. 698...

.. 337...

.. 315...
865...

... 536...

... 663...

... 674...

... 133...



kiin.... cek tit tieh. . . .

ciS. ... cek tfam.

phiet. c§k phuah. ...

it. ... kah it k^i it.

khiet. c^k tit kioh.

ju. ... ji ; no ; no hue" ueh.

than. c€k txam cSk hue"ueh

jin. . . . n&ng ; khia n^ng.

jin. ... khek kha nang. . . .

iip. ... JiP

pak. ... poih

kheng. t^ng ji khak.

mek.... khap-bo bo c^k tiam

pang. pia° ; no ti'am cui.

kf. ... kichngk^iki. ...

kham. sua" ji bo tit ueh.

tan. ... to; cieh to. ... ..

lek. ... lak

pan. ... ciak jl bo tiam. ..

pf. ... pi thiang k^i pi.,

huang. chie" ji khak.



One ; a horizontal line.

A perpendicular stroke.

A dot.

A stroke to the left.

Bent.

A barb.

Two.

A dot and a dash.

Man.

Man.

To enter.

Eight.

A limit.

To cover.

Icy.

A bench.

A receptacle.

A knife.

Strength.

To wrap.

A ladle.

A basket.



riii






INTRODUCTION.




23


■c


. 180... .


. hf. ..


. phit jl kbak


... A coffer.


24


+


. 768... .


. Bip. ..


. cap


... Ten.


25


h


. 717... .


. pbok.


pbok


... To divine.


26


P H


. 975... .


. ciet...


. cak ; toa° gu bl'. . . .


... A signet.


27


r


. 166... .


. bkng.


cSk (ieb cek pbuab.


... A cliff.


28


M


. 836


• 6U. ..


. 816 B^ m6ng.


... Selfisb.


29


X


. 1114


. la. ..


. lu


. . . Moreover.








THK-EBJ STItOKES.




30


p


. 331... .


. kban.


kap khaa


... An aperture.


31


p


. 1048


. ai. ..


. tOa kap kban. ...


... An iuclosnre.


32


+.


. S20... .


. tliu...


. tbd


... Eartb.


33


-h


. 762... .


. sO. ..


. Bfi


... A scbolar.


34


X


. 56 ... .


. a ..


. sfe 8ia bun


... To follow.


35


^


. 826... .


. Bui. ..


. be ji e


... To walk slowly


36


>$;


.. 804... .


. sek...


. cio sek kai Bek. ...


... Evening.


37


:k


. 839... .


. tai. ..


. toa


... Large.


38


^


.. 641... .


. ni. ..


nng


... Woman.


39


=^


. 1030


• cu. ..


. kia"


... Cbild.


40


m


.. 594... .


. mien.


kbap-bd


... A roof.


41


if


.. 1021


. chun.


cbun


... An incb.


42


<I>


.. 795... .


.. sio. ..


. soi.


... Small.


43


:fe:£:fi:


J. 1043


.. nang.


cbin-cbie" So ji bo ti


im. Distorted.


44


J^


• 757... .


.. si. ..


. bo jl bo cek tiara.


... A corpse.


45


4*


• 42 ... .


.. thiet.


toa° poi" cbau. ...


... A sprout.


46


III


.. 733... .


.. sang.


sua"


... A bill.


47


«^ ;ii ({


119... .


.. chwn


kbek kba cbwn. . . .


... A stream.



INTRODUCTION.



48


r.


. 460 ...


... kong...


. kaiig; c6 kang k^i kang


. Work.


49


d


337 ...


... kf. ..


. cQ-kf kaikf


Self.


50


rli


, 397 ...


... kun. ..


. kun ; cbfa kun kd.i kun.


A napkin.


51


^


, 309 ...


... kang.


tbien kang kai kang.


To oppose.


62


i;


1075


... io. ...


. io-mo° ka,i io


Minute.


63


r


, 1087


... fam. ..,


fc^k tiam cek ueb")
(cek phuah j


A sbelter.


64


^


1102


... fa. ..,


. cbin-cbie" CO CUD.


To move on.


65


if


463...


... kfong.


cbin-chle" ji-cap.


Hands joined.


66


-^


1094


... €k. ...


. tie" gk k&i ek


A darfc.


57


4


461 ...


... kiong.


keng


A bow.


68


H M.


339 ...


... ci.


, lui jl thS.u


A bog's bead.


69


^


734 ...


... sang...,


, sa" pbuah


Pelage.


60


^


73 ...


... chok.


sang kbia nang


Sbort steps.




i^ 'V *h




S'o-xjrs.


, STE-OICES.




61


806 ...


... sitn. ...


pho tbui sim


The beart.


62


^


489 ...


... kl.o. ...


kbo


A spear.


63


P


225 ...


... bu. ...


bo; nii5^-bo kM bo.


A door.


64


^ ^


754 ...


... sj'a. ...


cbfa


Hands.


65


%


54 ...


.. ci". ...


ci"


A branch.


66


^^


718 ...


... phok.


bwu bun


To throb.


Q7


X


1041


... bun, ...


bun


Literature.


68


4


874 ...


... taa. ...


tau


A peck.


69


/r


397 ...


... tun. ...


kun ni'e kai kun


The Chinese pound


70


1j


132 ...


... buaug.


bug; ti-bug kai bng. ...


A region.


71


it %


339 ...


... bu. ...


bo; ko iria bo


Deslitate.


72


P


293 ...


... jit. ...


jit


The sun.



INTRODUCTION.



- R


.. 1130


.. iet. ...


wt


... Said.


- M


.. 1129


.. iet. ...


giieb


... The moon.


'' 7{C


.. 607...


.. iB6k.


bak


... Timber.


'' X


.. 391...


,, klium


kbiam


... To lack.


" ih


.. 50 ...


.. cf. ...


c<5-ci kai cf


... To stop.


"' ^


.. 844...
.. 776...


.. tiii. ...
.. sft. ...


bd tai k&i iiii.

8ft


... Vicious.
... Weapons.


80 ^


.. 1060


.. bu. ...


bd ; chin-chie' b<5 ji.


... Do not.


'' ib


.. 674...


.. pf. ...


p^jti k&i pf


... To compare.


'' ^


.. 680...


.. m&u".


mo'


... Hair.


'' S^


.. 763...


.. sfl. ...


8l


Surnaraes.


«^ %


.. 348...


.. kbV ...


kbi ji tbaa


... Breatb.


86 ^ iUi


• 781...

r

.. 265...


.. siii. ...


ciii ; sa* ti&va ciii....
hue; s\ tfam biie. ...


... Water.
... Fire.


'' ft ^


.. 34 ...


.. iio. ...


3^0


... Claws.


88 '^


.. 147... .


.. ba. ...





... Father.


'' 3t


.. 192... .


.. ngau.


ngfta


... Blending.


- ^


.. 115...


.. cbiang


cbng jl p6i"


... A couch.


- >t


.. 690...


.. pbien.


pbien


... A flake.


93 i(^ ^ .


.. 1066
.. 638...
.. 462...


.. g!a. ..

.. ngiu...
.. kbien.


ge

gu

p6i° kau


... Tusks.
... An ox.
... A dog.


»= :^


.. 231 ...


I'lVE STItOICES.

.. bien,... bien


... Somber.


96 -K -1^


.. 1138


.. ngiok.


g^k


... Precious stone


" J^


.. 466...


.. kua. ..


kue ...


... Melons.









IKTRODUCTION.




98 X




1036


... Tia. ...


hia


. Tiles.


90 ^




310...


... kara.


kara


. Agreeable.


100 /^t ..




742 ...


... seng.


se"


. To produce.


m j^




1149


... long.


eng


. To use.


102 i^y




898...


... thien.


cliang


. Afield.


103 jE




695...


... pliit...


p6 pliit kai pliit...


. A roll of cloth


404 ^




636...


... cit. ...


pe" ji khak


,. Disease.


105 7^ ..




708...


... pwfc...


kui ji tb&u


.. Back to back.


106 ^ ..




706...


... pok...


peh. .1


. White.


107 IJ^ ..




679...


... phi....


pliue


. Skin ; bark.


i°« M




601 ...


... meng.


meug


. Dishes.


109 ^


M


607...


... mok.


ruak


. Ejes.


110 yf> ...




587...


... rnaa"


kp niHu" kai maa".


.. A halberd.


lU ^ ...




760 ...


... si. ...


keng SI kai si


. A dart.


"3 ^J> J




766...


... sek....


cieh


. Stone.


if T>


763...


... si. ...


61


. To manifest.


lu |£j




295 ...


... jia ...


ckin-chie" iSi ji


. A footprint.


115 ^ ...




254...


... lio. ...


liua


. Grain.


116 ^ ...




230...


... liwfc.


hvvt


. A den.


117 if ...





638 ...


... lip. ...


lip


. To establish.


118 ^






SI25:


STE-OICES.






95 ...


... cok....


tek


. Bamboo.


119 ;^ ...




690...


... mi"....


bf


, Rice.


120 ^ ;


^ •■■


596...


... mek.


pi" si


. Silk.


121 -fff ...




141...


... Lui. ...


bui


. Earthernware.


122 I)(*J I


111%


1044


. . . biiang.


m5ng


. A net.






m



N

:?



^ n

g

u



%\\

]23

124

125

126

127

128

129

130

131

132

133

134

135

136

137

138

139

140

141

142

143

144 ;|^

145 ^ ^

146





Jfil



147






IMTBODUCTIOMu

... 1072 ... ling.... ie'

... 1124 ... d. ... li

... 508 Ua. ... iSu

... 719 ju. ... ju

... 512 liii. ... Ivii .-fi kui liji.

... 720 ju. ... Ill"

... 1138 ... lut. ... mt

... 300 j6k. ... BCk

... 20 chin.... chin

... 1031 ... tu. ... cQ

... 60 ci. ... c\ chu k&i cL

... 414 kia. ... kl.Q

... 749 elet. ... cih

... 120 chuu. cliun.cli6 kfti cbda.

..• 48 cia. ... ciu

... 317 ku.n. ... ku,n

... 727... .». sek. ... ngo sek kai sek. . . .

... 956 cliau. cliau than

... 221 n. ... Ii6° ji than.

... 110 liiii. ... tli&iig

... 230 hieb. huch

... 207 li^ng. kia".

... 270 i. ... i

... 184 ia. ... sai jl xhvLxx.

.... 385... ... kien. kV



Sliecp.

Plumes.

Aged.

Likewise.

A plow-Iiaudk'.

The ear.

A stile.

Flesh.

A statesman.

Self. From.

To reach to.

A mortar.

The tongue.

Contradictory.

A vessel.

Perverse.

Color.

Grass. Herbs.

A tiger's stripes.

Insects.

Blood.

To walk.

Garments.

Overshadowing.

To see.



48 ^
154 «



56 rfc:

i58 ^

[59

L60
LGl

63 g^ [$



^



LG-4



"S



,C5 ^ ...

LG6



tC7 jfc ••



IC8
109

71









INTRO DtCTlOH.

409 ... kok.... kak

1083 ... ien.... ngun

453 kok.... sua" kok kai kok.

874 tau.... tan

760 61. ... kliicn SI kai SI.

10 cai. ... liai t3.i kai cJti. ...

670 pue.... pue

72 cliek. cliiab

961 CO. ... caa

1014 ... cok.... cok

735 sin. ... sin-tLoi kai sin.

39 ki. ... chia. chia be kai cilia.

806 sin. ... ke" sin kai sin.

20 sin. ... sin si kai sin.

82 cok CO cun

1096 ... ip. ... iu poi" gu 111". ...

1114 ... ill. ... I'u

689 pten. cliin-chie" cliai jl.

518 U. ... U

ETO-HT STE-OICES.

398 kim.... kim

27 cliiang. tng

570 ii-'^n- "'"o

141 liii. ... CO poi" gu 111".

846 iai. ... tal ji, bo cu-run. ...

lO'O dai. ... cui.



zm



A horn.
Words.
A valley.
Peas. Pulse.
Swine.

Feline beasts.
Valuable.
Flesli color.
To run.
The foot.
The body.
A wheeled vehicle.
Distressing.
Time.
Going.
A town.
Distilled ppirifc.
To discriminate.
A tenth of a league.

Gold.

Long.

A door.

A mound.

To extend to.

Slu-rt-tftiled birds.



XlV



"3 rai

174
i75



P3



7G

t77

m

79

L80

181
L82
L83
L84
L85
L86

L87 »^

190
191
192






m

Ik



n



193 ^



L94



195



7



>>



1124

995 ..

136 ..

695 ..

428 ..

1048

414 ..

1100

191

155

136

7G6

766

188

671 ..

454 ..

324 ...

681 ..

874 ..

29 ..

639 ,.

482 ..

... ... 1119



INTRODUCTIOIJ.

.. f. ... Il5

.. cheng. die"

.. hui, ... hui

.. mien. mln

.. kek. ... pbue kek k&i kek.

.. ui. ... ui

.. km. ... kfu

.. im. ... im

.. liieh.... hleh

.. tong. Luang

.. hui. ... pue

.. sek. ... ciah

.. sfu. sfu

.. Liang. Liang

.. rod. ... be.

.. kut. ... kut

.. kau. ... kau

., pLio.... LwtjitLftu.

.. to. ... th ji khak

.. tLiang. thiang ...

., kek ... ka kek k^i kek. ...

., kiii. ... kui

... t. ... H



... Kain.
... Green.
. . . Negation.

... The face.

... Tanned hides.

• •• Leather.

... Leeks.

... Sound.

... A page or leaf.

... Wind.

... To fly.

... To eafc.

... CLief.

... Fragrant.

... A horse.

. . . Bone.

... Lofty.

... Long hair.

... To quarrel.

... Fragrant herbs.

... A caldron.

... A demon.

M. Fish.



*w






196
197
198
199
200

201

202
203
204

205
206
207
208

209



"'^ m



M
m



m



^



211



212 :^i
213



2U



INTRODUCTION.

.. ... 632 nfo. ... cio

556 Id. ... lii

562 16k. ... tek

583 mgk.... beh

571 mo". ... miia"

252 huang. ng.

776 su. ... su

218 hek. ... hek

... 58 ci. ... cam ci kai ci.

Tia:iE,a?EEiar sti^oices-
598 ... ... mien, mien

904 teng... tia°

, 43-i kii. ... ko.

776 chd. ... chu

677 phi".... phf

966 clii. ... chi

E'IE^TEE3iT STK,OICES-

65 chi. ... khi

212 16ng... leng

481 kui. ... ku

,,. ... 1117 ... iak. ... iak.



xy



•I ««t



... Birds.

... Nitrous.

... Deer.

... Wheat.

... Hemp.

... Yellow.

... Millet.

... Dark.

... Embroidery.

... Frogs.

... A tripod.

... A drum.

... A mouse.

..-. The nose.

... Even. Uniform.

... Teeth.

... A dragon.
... A tortoise.

,„ Wind instrnmenta.



ALPHABETIC DICTIONARY

OF THE

SWATOW DIALECT.



IfBtioe



'pi a- 170 A prefix to names of persons.

^\J 1068 ~6" a-no"; my child. a-no"-kia";

an infant. a-liia°; elder brother, a-pe ; father.

a 80 Confused vocal sounds.
1066 ~8 o-a a-a-kie ; the raven croaks.
no"-kia° khi-thau oh {a"-uo ciu a-a-kie ; child-
ren beginning to learn to talk utter confused
sounds.

JO^l^ a 196 A raven with a white streak
^^ 1066 ■T on its neck.
o-a; a crow. hu-a ; a fish-hawk. a-pluen ;
opium. a sia"; hoarse. sia" li si a sia"; his
voice is husky, u o-a kie sa" sia"; a crow cawed
three times, o-a loh ie"; the position of a crow
descending into a field, (a fine site, geomanti-
cally considered).

75 Divei'gent branches ; a crotch,

^ , 1066 8 a prong, a fork, a tine.

ciii kau hu-ko pun a; the stream there divides
into two branches. ci tio ho to e poi" pun

CO sa" a; this river in its lower portion divides
into three branches, chiu toa, pun a ; the tree
grows and puts forth branches. pun co chit
poih a ; divides into seven or eight forks, cek
a cai pun co ku-a a; one branch divided into
several branches, a-che; a crotched stick, used
as a support. khieh ki a-che l^i the"; get a

forked stick and prop it up. bo a-che sa" co-
ni n^ ? Without crotches how can the clothes
be hung out to dry ? ki-biie khui a ; the twigs
are sprouting, lo pun co no a; the road divided
into two forks. sua°-leng kia" kau cf-kp ciu
pun a ; the spur of the mountain at this point
divided ofi^. ci ckng hue pun co kiii a ; this

flower consists of several sprigs. hiah to toi"
kui a, ne ? On which branch is it perched ?
ki" cam-tio tl cek a ? Which branch would you
chop off ? of a tng, ci a to ; one of the tines is
longer than the other.



J>t a 5 Or; otherwise.



Online LibraryAdele M. (Adele Marion) FieldeA pronouncing and defining dictionary of the Swatow dialect, arranged according to syllables and tones → online text (page 1 of 117)