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[Adrian J.] Ebell.

Serial annotated maps of the east & west route of travel & object study of the classes of the Ebell international academy, extending from Hamburg and Berlin, through Dresden, Prague, Vienna, Trieste ... [etc.] to London .. online

. (page 1 of 4)
Online Library[Adrian J.] EbellSerial annotated maps of the east & west route of travel & object study of the classes of the Ebell international academy, extending from Hamburg and Berlin, through Dresden, Prague, Vienna, Trieste ... [etc.] to London .. → online text (page 1 of 4)
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Ad




OF THE CLASSES OF THE




EXTENDING FROM



Hamburg and Berlin^



THROUGH



DRESDEN, PRAGUE, VIENNA, TRfESTE, VENICE, VERONA,
MILAN, THE ITALIAN LAKES, THE SIMPLON PASS
SWITZERLAND, LAKES OF LUCERNE AND GENEVA
LAUSANNE, BERNE, BASLE, BADEN-BADEN,
HEIDELBERG AND THE RHINE VAL-
LEY, MANHEIM, MAYENCE,
COLOGNE, BRUSSELS,

DIEPPE, NEW HAVEN AND BRIGHTON, TO

ijic:>isri><33>a".

The route through England and Scotland will be added
subsequently. 18 Cooper Union, New York.



Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1877, by Adrian J. Ebell, 18 Cooper Union, N. Y., in
the office of the Librarian of Congress, at Washington, D. C. [Price 30 Cents.]



THB:LIBIIA31Y
or COMGHESS

llwASHIMOTON




The plan of th^se serial annotated maps v/as originated by
the Director on his passage from New York to Hamburg with
the Class of 1876. The execution of them on stone was en-
trusted to Herr Theodore Delius, of Berlin, one of the first
map-makers in the world, and hence their accuracy may be
relied upon. Besides these half-page serial maps, three two-
page double maps have been prepared, presenting bird's-eye
views of the entire route taken by the Classes of the Academy,
but by some accident, are not ready for publicatioh in this
edition.

The delivery of these maps had been confidently expected
during the past June or July, but many untoward circum-
stances have delayed them till the following January, hence it
has been impossible to incorporate them as had been designed,
into a number of the International Academy Journal, or to
present them with a more complete system of annotations, but
both of these will be attained in a subsequent edition. It will
be readily perceived that the course of travel of the Class is
always presented from the top to bottom of the page, the
lowest part of each page connecting with the top of the next,
and the points of the compass and the relative distances are
indicated by a little compass placed on each map, and a scale
of English miles that is altered as often as the gradation of the
maps is changed.

This is but the commencement of a much more complete
system of illustrations of the routes of the Classes of the Inter-
national Academy, which the Director trusts to be able to pre-
sent to the public in the course of two or three years. But it
is to be hoped that even these may be of no small service, both to
those anticipating the tour, and to the student during the route
of travel.

ADRIAN J. EBELL, Director,

Ebell International Academy.

1^^ At the end of the Serial Maps is added a Prospectus
and Itinerary for 1^']'], giving full details in relation to route,
dates, terms, etc.




HAMBURG

'jRmdsbecX:



Seffeierff



£&



Liinfibur^



Boitzenhu



The steamer passes HELiaOLAND, the
smallest of British possessions. Ceded to
England by Denmark in 1814.



Leaving the small watering place CUX-
HAFEN behind us, we pass STADE,
where the Elbe tolls were formerly ex-
acted by the kings of Hanover. Farther
np the river lies the lofty promontory of
BLANKENESE with its beautiful villas
embos med in verdure.



ALTONA, an ancient city (population
41,000), burned by the Swedes in 1713,
and held by Davoust in 1813. Cotton
and woollen goods manufactured liere.

HAMBURGH, the principal port of the Ger-
man Empire (population '253,000). Built
by Charlemagne in 803, formed first Hanse
league with Lubeck in 1241, bombarded
and taken by Davoust in 1813, had 75
streets burned down in great fire of 1842.
We visit the Exchange, the Aquarium,
the Zoological Garden, Juugferstieg, and
other objects of interest.



Ba^enoiD



SaZzmedel



ScllWCTMC



lih



slust 1



Garclelecren.'



St/mdaZ



Grahomi



iffZfnac^



:>GJon)eiv



Jfuste/^ause/v



Varckaiv



Our way takes us close past the castle
and grounds of LUDWIGSLUST, the
summer residence of the Grand-Duke of
Mecklenburg-Schwerin.




FriesatAA



Lfiuten-



wFinAenfy^



Charlotteiiburg ©V

Jl'opeAicA- (



POTSDAM, with its numerous palaces,
royal villas, picture-gallery, parks and
gardens, we visit during our stay in
BERLIN. Passing the small fortress-
town SPANDAU we reacli the German
capital.

BERLIN, the usual residence of the Gor-
man Emperor and court, lias a population
of about a million witlioiit reckoning the
smaller places by which it is surrounded.
It is a handsome and well built city. Its
university has produced many or the
greatest scholars the world has seen, and
its educational advantages are unrivalled.



lERLlN



.IrLoermiui dc




The museum is a splendid institution in
every point of view, and its principal
streets and squares are adorned with mas-
ter-pieces ofstatuary and figures in bronze
executed or modelled by Eauch, Schluter,
Kiss, Wolif, Blaser, Drake, etc. It has a
fine opera, and presents daily opportu-
nities of hearing first-class music. Great
military reviews take place from time
to time in the immediate vicinity.

CHARLOTTENBURG, with its interesting
old castle and the famous Mausoleum of
Frederick William III. and Queen Louise
byRauch, is united to Berlin byatramway.

To POTSDAM there are trains at almost
every hour of the day.

Small steamers ply in summer on the river
between BERLIN and KOPENIGK. A
few miles to the north of the city are
the castle and park of TEGEL, the birth-
place and last resting-place of the two
Humboldts.



^adeburff



Two diiferent lines of rail conduct from
BERLIN to DRESDEN, the „Florence
on the Elbe", so celebrated for its splen-
did picture-gallery, the dazzling treasures
in its Green Vault, the collections in the
Japanese Palace, its porcelain-manufac-
tory, the historical and other museums
in the Z w i n g e r, and its exquisitely beauti-
ful neighbourhood. From this fine city,
the capital ofSaxony, we follow the course
of the Elbe (ascending the stream) till
we have pa sed tlie Austrian frontier
and entered Bohemia. The railway runs



Vetschenirocla,



^adeia



DRESDEN




ihrongh the beautiful and very peculiar
scenery of the „Saxon Switzerland" and
touches PIRN A, theBASTEI, the fortress
of KONIGSTEIN, and many other in-
teresting spots. Soon after entering Bo-
hemia we take a westerly direction, and
next pause at one of the great vratering-
places, TOPLITZ or CAELSBAD. They
are botli distinguished for tlieir natural
hot springs, their charming promenades,
delightful environs, and the great nmnber
of the fashionable visitors they attact
durino- the season.



We continue our way parallel with the
Elbe almost to its confluence with the
Moldau, and then along the left bank of
the latter river to PRAGUE, the capital
of Bohemia and the second city in the
German dominions of Austria. Its fine
situation on the broad Moldau excited
the admiration of Alexander Humboldt.
From its great number of tovfers and
spires it has got the name of ,,the Aus-
trian Moscow". The Cathedral of St.
Vitus contains the magnificent tomb of
St. John of Nepomuck, of massive silver,
weighing a ton and a half. Among the
many other buildings of great historical
interest are the palace on the Hradschin,



ischerad



PRAGUE

Ischerafl



I 9
JPiseheli ^WorLdrzeffOJF
SkaZia




*• MuAuioiLse^

^ •* (- Gtste.lmizz



liitTiff Wosc^ztz



JCosckL



JRatziorzicz



TaboTii



TatzTbcac



Moldauthein



sSobiesZaUy



jif eiihaus ^



where the proceedings took place that
brought on the Thirty Years' War, and the
palace of the celebrated but unfortunate
Wallenstein. On the east side of the
town is a hill, where the famous Hussite
leader Ziska defeated the emperor Si-
gismund in 1420. Prague also possesses
many fine statues and monuments, espe-
cialy Hahnel's monument to the Em-
peror Charles IV., Platzer's St. John of
Nepomuck, and the monument to the Em-
peror Francis by Kraaner and Max. The
famous battle of Prague was gained here
by Frederick the Great over the Aus-
trians in 1757. SADOVA or KONIG-
GRATZ, the scene of a still more deci-
sive Prussiaa victory, lies at some dis-
tance to the north-east of Prague, The po-
pulation of the Bohemian capital is about
200,000. South of Prague, and on the
way to VIENNA, we pass TABOE, built
and fortified by the Hussites under Ziska
in 1419. It has at present about 5000
inhabitants.




A short time before reaching VIENNA, we
cross the „dark-brown Danube" and glide I
along to KIoster-Neuburg, where we are I
just opposite the two battle-fields ofi
ASPERN and WAGRAM, the latter a !
little farther back than the former, the
one the scene of Napoleon's defeat,
the other, that of his triumph. In ,
VIENNA, which was the capital of the <:
German empire from 1619 till 1806, there
is much to be seen, especially the mu- '
seums and galleries in the Hofburg or
Imperial Palace, the fine picture-gallery
in the Belvedere Palace, the venerable
cathedral of St. Stephen's, the Augustine
church with Canova's monument to the




Arcliduchess Maria Christina of Sacliseii-
Teschen, the favorite daughter of Maria
Theresa, the Capuchin Church and Vault
of the Imperial Family, the private pic-
ture-galleries, the Prater or great park,
the fine views from the Leopoldsberg
and the Kahlenberg, and the celebrated
palace of SCHONBRUNN on^^the south
side of the city.

BADEN in Austria, a pretty little town
with mineral springs, much frequented
by the Viennese in summer. |i*i ^



The rail way traverses the famousSemmering-
pass, at an elevation of 3,066 feet above
the level of the sea. This part of the
line has 15 viaducts and 15 tunnels.
Schottwien isfin the Archduchy, MUrz-
zuschlag in the province of Styria.



BRUCK, a small town in Styria. Popul^
tion 3500.



GRATZ, capital of Styria, population
70,000, a handsome town with agreeable
environs. Many pensioned Austrian offi-
cials live here.



St can z




MAEBURG, population 6500- Trades m
fruit oil, and wine. Near the town is the
great tunnel through the Leitersberg.



CILLI, the ancient Claudia Celeja, popu-
lation about 4000. Extensive coal-mines
in the neighborhood.



LAIBACH, capital of the Austrian province
Carniola. Population 21,000. Slovenian,
(a dialect of the Slavonic) German, and
Italian spoken, but the first predominates.
Eepeatedly besieged in the Turkish wars.
Congress of Laibach met m this place,
261^11 Jan. 1821.



Adelsberg



— / o



•cAcIor/\



ErjauzTui



:ih'oxi-7ta/itL



V-'k






Senosesch / S



JfcUeruu



rdorf



I'orier



I TodraffCL



IWpbac



f
H.KREUZ\



'TRIESTE,

\ckincL im.



CoprivcL



S.DoTizele.




ComeiL,






ADELSBEEG (in Carniola) a small mai ket-
t9wn with 1800 inhabitants, noted for its
famous grotto, a little to the north-west
of the town. There are tive different com-
partments in the grotto, all on ;i colossal
scale. Wonderful stalactite formations,
and magic effect produced by the illu-
mination.



TRIESTE, (the Roman Tergeste), the capi-
tal of lUyria, population 125,0'00. Italian
language predominates. Seat of the
Austrian Lloyd-Company, and one of the
principal ports of the Adriatic. TRIESTE
has many interesting ancient remains.
Fine view from the Castello and the
terrace of the cathedral. Interesting fish
and fruit markets. In the neighborhood
is MIRAMAR, the favorite summer-resi-
den( e of the late unfortunate emperor,
Maximilian.




^^^^ S-JndreJ^



JhlCZTtZCO^






RoJTLaRS

CoraioTis



'opHano



^Rudo/



S.Oior.Majiza



Treinariacco

£itttrio

J^alamajw



TIDIlVEi



o PatnaTvaova

Tercotto



FcWTOy



Terrenzanx)



Sa^narioy



Sonars



CastioJis



mrte^IiojLO



JccnzffTuicco SPasiano^^ o



ITartiffiiacco



Ccanpo /ormido

fusion, -SeAiavoneseo



Colloredo



^odroipt



1_



UDINE (20,000 inhabitants) formerly be-
longed to the republic of Venice. Chief
trade sUk. At village of CAMPO FOR-
MIO peace concluded (17tii October 1797)
by which the Venetian Republic was
destroyed.



SedeffKcm/j



I'arTno
o

Co3roipO '^r^^^sm
i'oMuio




PORDENONE, birthplace of the painter
Licinio da P.a-denone, a rival of Titian.
Died 1540.



CONEGLIANO, population 700^. Birth-
place of the painter, Cima da Conegliano.
Born 1480.



TREVISO, the ancient TARVISIUM, po-
pulation 22,000, The town produces
linen, paper, cloth and silk. Railway
from this point direct to Venice; but
the approa- h to the latter city by water
(that is, from TRIESTE, by steamer) is
incomparably grander and more striking
than the route by land and the entrance
into the city across the shallow and me-
lancoly lagoon.



iiXreuz




tL'I^tria At DUINO the Julian Alps descend to the
sea, and form lofty, overhanding cliffs.
Most of the coast, ho\yever, is flat and
low.



General view of the islands on which VE-
NICE is built, as the steamer approaches
the city. First the long- narrow Lido
with its forts, and the church of St.
Nicholas. Then to the south the port of
MALAMOCCO, and the little town of
CHIOGGIA so famous in the war of
Chiogg-ia (1378—1381). Then MUKANO
Avith its celebrated glass-works, and at
last the Rialto flanked by the Giudecca,
san Giorgio Maggiore, and other smaller
islands.



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MestTCi

3raerne )
o !

Mirano^

Salzano
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S.JRcheZe
o

Can^poS-Pietro




Limena.



CaTuisano



Casal l^qo



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iSefrazzano



Teolo

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'Ouartesoloc



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Barbapano



liJ Campifflico



\Plmo

V>-JltivillcL



.(hialcL)



Jtfcledo



LONIGO



COLOOfA



Jorrc di Coitiine X?"'''"'''

, x Lobioy

lonca f ^^ \ S.Eoniiacio




lUasi



Tregna|o
radisi^Talaveiia

oSalijie



Stra\



CalditaiM



(yBtjf/lore.



S.MartinO/<

3Iba(orio



TolUL

Zevio



Y i






oCcro



L



VERONA



S.MicJiclc^



CO-



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o
JuttapietrcL



VENICE, the most singular city and.
one of the most interesting in the world.
We visit the great historical apartments
in the old Palace of the Doges, with the
Bridge of Sighs and the terrible prisons,
St Mark's splendid Cathedral, the old
Arsenal, the church of the Frari with
the monuments of Titian and Canova,
the beautiful church of Santa Maria della
Salute with its foiir fine altar-pieces by
great masters, San Giorgio Maggiore,
with its surprising carving in wood, the
Academy and picture-gallery, the bridge
of the Rialto with its Shakespearean asso-
ciations, and other interesting localities.



VICENZA, population 31,000, trades in
grain, wine, silk and porcelain. Beauti-
ful plain between VICENZA and VE-
RONA.



VERONA on the Adige, population 70,000.
We visit here the ancient Roman am-
phitlieatre, the best preserved of all, the
cathedral (il Duomo with statues of
Charlemagne, Roland and Oliver, the
Palace of the Capulets, and the old for-
tifications.




Ca diBavid



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d mcsriano

£iissoZe7^cu



Son,




Sana



'inta -.
o
canipa^ruv

f.ffiorffio



o£iro.

CapTinoV y Larise
Bardolino ~

JloJiXaffJia



Castei\num-o

alcaselle

peschlepxa;^




'Garda




Lalv



^^^



^-^



JlanerioL



Saloo^^



LOXATO(^



ScdeiLtu



m



LStOI



Gavardo



^SJWtwco



ValUo



z r Presenile



JSezzato




S^o ^in>ano o



On the right is the village of RIVOLI,
where the Austrians were defeated by
Bonaparte on 15tii Jan. 1797.

PESCHIERA, a small but important for-
tress on the Lago di Garda, where the
Mincio issues from the lake, and one of
the four strongholds which form the
,, Quadrilateral" (Verona Peschiera, Man-
tua and Legnano).



BEESCIA (the ancient Brixia\ population
35,000. It trades chiefly in silk and silk
goods. Situation of the town picturesque.
Taken by the Venetians under Carma-
gnuola in 1426, it belonged to the republic
of Venice till 1796.




The next station of importance is BER-
GAMO, I formerly Bergamum) population
39,000.



At CASSANO the line crosses the Adda,
the old boundary between the Milanese
territory and that of the Venetian Re-
public, and in about three-quarters of
an hour we reach the interesting city
of MILAN (the ancient Mediolanumii
population 250,000, including the suburbs.
Here we visit the wonderful Cathedral
in white marble with its innumerable
statues; the Brera or pii ture-gallery,
the old Dominican monastery with Leo-
nardo da Vinci's great fresco „the last
supper", the fine Palazzo della Corte,
the Triumphal Arch, begun by Napoleon
and finished by Francis L of Austria,
and the great theatre della Scala. From
all the steeples and towers there is a
fine view of the Alps.

The line passes MONZA, the old residence
of the Lombard king. The „Iron Crown"
of Lombardy preserved in the cathedral.



COMO, at sonthend of the lake of Como,
population 20,000. The celebrated Volta
born here. Possesses several manufac-
tories of silk goods. Steamer up the
lake to MENAGGIO. Beautiful villas
on both sides.




MENAGGIO to POELEZZA, through a
fine valley, in about three hours.



LUGrANO, in Swiss canton, Tessin. The
lake famous lor its trout. Population
of the town about 0000.



lox:ar.n()

/ -JjLTiL



To LUINO (Italy on Lago Maggiore, through
the Valley of the Tresa.



\ /^ W Maca^Tii






S3^ V- — . -®
Li a

Caimdooio \ ^ \\
mn/ierff L \




%(j^j, Per steamer to BAVENO, passing the
beautiful Borromeo Islands.



From BAVENO along the Simplon road
to singular old town of DOMO D'OSSO-
LA, and thence through the grand sce-
nery of the Simplon Pass and the galle
ries of ISEELE, GONDO and ALGABY
to village and hospice of Simplon or
Simpeln.



At San Marco, between ISELLE and GON-
DO, the road enters the Swiss cauton,
Valais.



Descent from the summit of the pass to
BRIGUE on the Rhone, canton of Valais.



Greft^iols



(rh'sj



Jlhuid,



Jrigue



iGanu



Castler
Baltschiede.

&rosstro^ t



Jhden-



Compel li

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Tissoye




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< From SIEERE railway to MARTIGNY,
Z passing- Sion, the principal town of the
2 canton: population 4300.

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t£.
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Saillon ,



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iddes



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Tissh






Zoicrti£rr.
Orsieres\



MARTIGNY, the ancient Octodumm, where
the road to Mont-Blanc turns off in a
south-western direction.



rnqiient



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Valor cine



j^hyentiers



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DojiCniaiic\
SallaTvches




SjFkoIoJ^



llebChapelle.




Grand pass of the TETE NOIRE and de-
scent into tiie valley of CHAMOUNIX.



Village of CHAMOUNIX, 3238 feet above
the level of the sea. Lies at foot of
MONT BLANC, and not far from the
MER DE GLACE. Population 2300.
Exc'irsinns from the village to MONT-
ANVERT, etc.



The road to GENEVA follows the course
of the Arve, touching SALLANCHES,
CLUSES, and BONNEVILLE.




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Mmuie. M \ \ A \

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5 >\ '&ruxeres hj>ierr^k „ , , ,

> ^ CT I -drenckes\ 1 '^ )

Q ^ Freiburl^ ) ® \| Iwufcliatel

Scnmittai y \ (*'"/



GENEVA, at the confluence of the Arve
and the Ehune. Cathedral of St. Pierre
and historical monuments, Eath'smnseum
(picture-gallery),' Pradier's monument of
Eousseau. In the neig-hborhood FEE-
NEY, Voltaire's residence 1762 — 78, and
COPPET with dwelling and tomb of
Madame de Stael.



LAUSANNE, with residence of Gibbon, and
CHILLON, where Bonnivard was impri-
soned 1530— 3G.



FEEIBUEG (or Fribourg) noted for its
suspension bridges and Moser's great
organ in cathedral of St. Nicholas.



BEENE, seat the of Central-Swiss-Govern-
ment. Federal palace, the city foss and
bears, the clock-tower, monuments, etc.
Population 36,000.






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LUCERNE, capital of canton of Lucerne,
celebrated for its beautiful situation, the
famous „Lion of Lucerne" modelled by
Thorwaldsen, and its curious painted
bridges over the Reuss.



The Lake of Lucerne, the scene of the legend
of William Tell. Grand panorama from
the RIGI KULM. Glorious spectacle at
sunrise and sunset.




Lake and village of SEMPACH, scene of
the defeat of the Austrians by the Swiss
Qtti July 1386.




Ancient city of BASLE on both sides of
the navigable Ehine. Population 40,000.
Former residence of the Holbein family.



FREIBURG, on the Dreisam, a small
university town, formerly a fortress.
Fine Gothic cathedral.



BADEN-BADEN, celebrated watering-
place in the Black Forest. Conversations-
hau.s, new Trinkhalle. Beautiful ruins
in the neighbourhood — das alte Schloss,
Ebersteinburg, etc.




Jischo/sheurh



Wackarqenu



ZioffeUisTL



'cujcniurg




RASTATT, important fortress. Peace of
Rastatt signed here on 7tii Sept. 1714.



KARLSRUHE, capital of the Grand-Duchy
of Baden. Population about 31,000.
Founded in 1715,



HEIDELBERG, fine old university town.
Beautiful ruins of castle, which was par-
tially destroyed by the French in 1689,
and then burned down by lig-htnino- in
1764.



DARMSTADT, capital of the Grand-Duchy
of Hesse-Darmstadt. Population about
34,000. Formerly a village belonging
to the counts of Katzenellenbog-en.




MAYENCE (Mogiintia), a very ancient city,
and an important fortress, the birthplace
of Guttenberg-, the inventor of printing.
Great trade in grain and wine, leather
and furniture.



Between MAYENCE and COBLENZ is
comprehended nearly all the grandest
scenery of the „castellated Rhine".



COBLENZ orCoblence and EHEENBREIT-
>STEIN, on opposite banks of the Rhine,
form together a highly important fortress
in Rhenish Prussia. COBLENZ, situated
at the confluence of the Moselle and Rhine,
is the favourite summer-residence of the
Empress Augusta.



BONN, noted for its flourishing university.
Population about 20,000.



COLOGNE (Colonia Agrippina\ a very
ancient "city and fortress in Rhenish
Prussia. Population 120,000. The cathe-
dral is a magnificent^'specimen of the pu-


1 3 4

Online Library[Adrian J.] EbellSerial annotated maps of the east & west route of travel & object study of the classes of the Ebell international academy, extending from Hamburg and Berlin, through Dresden, Prague, Vienna, Trieste ... [etc.] to London .. → online text (page 1 of 4)