Agnes Longstreth Taylor.

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Longstreth Family Records





'^ I am of opinion that anecdotes which disclose the
virtuous actions of our worthy ancestors should be
preserved^ and held up for the example of their des-
cendants.^' — Daniel Longstreth.


I 909


No. 47















In 1874 there was published a genealogical record of the
descendants of Bartholomew Longstreth as part of the Dawson
Family Records, by Charles C. Dawson. That record is the
foundation on which the present work is built. Without the older
records which it contains, pointing out, as they do, the direction
where search should be made, the tracing of many lines of descent
would have been well nigh impossible at the present time, when
so many belonging to the older generations who were then living
have since passed on.

In this revision there seemed a call for certain improvements
besides the important one of bringing the genealogy to date. The
points aimed for have been : The tracing of neglected lines of
descent ; the introduction of more extended biographical sketches,
particularly of the older generations ; the tracing of ancestry
more fully in marriage alliances ; and the correction of many

The work of collecting data has been long and often difficult,
occupying for some four or five years much of the leisure time
in a busy life, and entailing the writing of about three thousand
personal letters. In some branches of the family an indifference
to genealogy has been found that is hard to overcome, and from
these sources it has been impossible to obtain full and reli-
able information ; the material asked for has sometimes been tardy
in coming, and incomplete when it came. Sometimes it has not
come at all. The number of such delinquencies has been, how-
ever, happily small in comparison with the majority of cases,
where the inquiries have met with cheerful response.

No facts are set forth in this book except on what is believed

8 The Longstreth Family Records.

to be reliable authority. A reasonable effort has been made to
reach every member of the family, and most of the information
has been obtained at first hand. For by-gone generations, old
family records, when such exist, are considered first authority;
otherwise, data have been sought from the nearest of kin now
living. Meeting records, records of wills, and collections of
manuscripts, have been consulted ; also various genealogies and
histories, the names of which appear in the footnotes.

Care has been taken to distinguish sharply between history
and tradition, although the truth of the latter is not thereby
assailed ; where there is a conflict between accounts, whether in
tradition or history, both versions are given. There is, however,
one tradition current in many families that deserves a special
word ; this is, the tradition that an ancestor came to America with
William Penn, this being taken to mean in his very ship. In most
cases, to have " come over with Penn " simply means to have
belonged to Penn's colony. This colony was organized in Eng-
land, and its members sailed in many ships at different times
extending over a period of some two years or more, both before
and after Penn's coming. A practically complete list of passen-
gers of the ship Welcome is accessible, and only those who are
named in that list are herein credited as having come over with

Notwithstanding all the care that has been spent to make this
Record accurate, it would be presumptuous to expect that mis-
takes have not crept in, despite watchfulness ; for all these the
compiler begs your indulgence. But may it be added that per-
haps all mistakes cannot justly be laid at her door. Conflicting
data are sometimes sent by members of the same family ; parents
send dates of their children's birth differing from those sent by
the children themselves, and the inquiry blanks sometimes con-

' This list is given in Watson's " Annals of Philadelphia," Vol. TIT., p. 37.

Preface. 9

tain remarkable statements. For example, one says that the
writer was born in 1880, and married in 1891 ; one person says
that he was married in August, 1909, and has two children, one
born in 1901, the other in 1903; a copy from old family records
makes one child born January 3, 1822 ; the next, March 22, 1822 ;
another, writing of his own family, says one child was born
December 20, 1867 ; the next, February 3, 1868. One reports
his wife as born in i960; and, strangest of all pen-slips, perhaps,
is that of one who gave his wife's maiden name as his own sur-
name in writing his name at the top of the inquiry blank.

These are a very few of the mistakes of like kind received;
being evident, they have been corrected ; but how many more may
there be, which, not being self-evident, have not been detected.

Should any member of the family who loves the old order
of things regret to find in the record of this family who were
Friends for so many generations, that the Friendly manner of
writing dates has been departed from, let it be said that after the
genealogy was more than half finished the change was made in
the interest of greater accuracy. In many genealogies examined,
confusions were frequent, as between i mo. 12, and 12 mo. i, so
that the system of dating was changed to leave no occasion for
such errors.

This foreword cannot be closed more fitly than in expressing
acknowledgment for the many kindnesses that this record has
met with all along its way. To mention by name all who have
contributed to its pages would be almost to repeat the list of
living members. To all these sincere thanks are tendered. Spe-
cial thanks, however, are due to those who, at the expense of
some labor, have contributed extended records ; among these
should be mentioned. Miss Graceanna Lewis, Miss Mary A.
Michener, who first opened the door of communication with the
large branch bearing her name ; Mrs. Anne Chandlee, Mrs. Mary
A. Strain, Carlos B. Michener. Miss Elizabeth Spencer, Miss

lo The Longstreth Family Records.

Elizabeth Homey, Henry Mather, Mrs. Harriet Mounts, Mrs.
Sarah Hartenstine, Charles Starr Davis, Mrs. Georgie Etta
Simpson, Edwin L. Parry.

The compiler recognizes her great indebtedness to John L.
Longstreth for the privilege of free access to his valuable col-
lection of Longstreth papers, and for his untiring interest in the
censorship of all that part of the manuscript that relates to the
Homestead and its occupants; also, to Mrs. Rebecca P. Hunt,
Mrs. Anna H. Hoskins, Mrs. Amelia Lambert, and Miss Emily
Hallowell, for general counsel and guidance in research, the latter
of whom also lent the copper-plates for many of the illustrations.
Among those not belonging to the family, though allied with it,
who have aided this Record, should be named Gregory B. Keen,
LL.D., Dr. Truman Coates, as well as the authors of the various
genealogies consulted, which are named throughout these pages.
In addition, the compiler's thanks are due to many others, both
within and without the family, whose names, though not men-
tioned here, are written upon a grateful memory.

And last, but by no means least, in the list of those who have
contributed to whatever success this Record has attained, is the
name which stands upon the page of dedication, together with
those of four others who have borne the financial burden of pub-

To all the family this genealogy is offered, in the hope that
it may bring information to many, pleasure to all, disappointment
to none.

Agnes Longstreth Taylor.

Philadelphia. February i, rpop.



Preface .

List of Illustrations


The Longstreth Family

First Generation

Second Generation

Third Generation

Fourth Generation

Fifth Generation

Sixth Generation

Seventh Generation

Eighth Generation

Appendix A

Appendix B

Appendix C

Appendix D

Appendix E














The Longstreth Homestead Frontispiece ^

Longstroth Dale i8 ^

From a water-color sketch.

Huberholme Church 22 v

From a water-color sketch.

Longstreth coat-of-arms 32 ,

Abington Meeting 40 ^'

Photograph by Agnes L. Taj'lor.

Pikeland Burying Ground 40 \

Photograph by Agnes L. Taj'lor.

Horsham Meeting and Burying-Ground 44 \|

Photograph by M. W. Griffiths.

" Longstreth Row " 44 '

Photograph by Robert Tiluey.

Longstreth Bible 46 i

Four signatures 48

Starr Cottage 58 J

Photograph by Agnes L. Taylor.

Benj. Longstreth's house 58 ^

Photograph by Agnes L. Taylor.
Susanna Longstreth 62 ■!

Bartholomew Fussell 68 xi

Martha M. Longstreth and niece 73\

Amos and Elizabeth West 76 •

Mary Anna and Susan Longstreth 84 ■

Joshua Longstreth 89 -

Barclay Hall 91 ,

Ann Hallowell 93 \

List of Illustrations. 13


Samuel Longstreth '. g$y

Benjamin Longstreth 99 v^

Joseph S. Keen's house

Elizabeth Paxson

Davis and Rachel Orum

Esther Lewis

Graceanna Lewis

Solomon and Milcah M. Fussell

Dr. Bartholomew Fussell

John and Ann T. Longstreth

Daniel and Elizabeth L. Longstreth

Hannah T. Longstreth

Israel and Elizabeth Morris

William C. and Abby A. Longstreth

Richard and Lydia Price

Francis and Susan M. Thompson

Morris L. and Hannah P. Hallowell

Anna Hallowell

Joshua L. and Sarah C. F. Hallowell

Southampton Museum

Dr. M. Fisher Longstreth

Thomas B. and Lydia Longstreth

Morris and Mary Cooke Longstreth

William W. Longstreth

Captain Benjamin D. Longstreth 203-^

John and Caroline Keen Sellers 210 .

Joseph and Sarah R. Fussell 234 i

102 \^







134 ^



162 1/






182 ^'






14 The Longstreth Family Records.


John L. Spencer 252 V

Mahlon Spencer 252 ^

John L. Shoemaker 282 "i

John L. Longstreth 285 ■'

Rachel O. Longstreth 286 "'

Sarah L. HoUingsworth 288 "'

Edward and Anna W. Longstreth 292 ^

Lieut. William P. Hallowell 376 J

Col. Edward N. Hallowell 376^

Richard P. Hallowell 380 ^

Col. Norwood P. Hallowell 380 v

Four generations 390 ''

Moseley group 400 i

Ferdinand H. Spencer 476 i

William L. Spencer 478 v

Lewis M. Spencer 478 '"^

Samuel F. Spencer 480 ^

Augustus N. Spencer 480 l^

Edward T. Longstreth 546'*^

Joseph Ramsey, Jr 598 .

'• Reflections of a Bachelor " 639 v


Every person in this Record except the first is designated by
a double number, made up of a generation number and an indi-
vidual number in that generation. Bartholomew Longstreth
stands alone in the first generation ; his children, being of the
second, are numbered 2-1, 2-2, 2-3, etc.; his grandchildren are of
the third, and so are numbered 3-1, 3-2, 3-3, etc., according to the
order of primogeniture.

To trace the ancestry of any person, first find the name by
the index, — for example, Elizabeth L. Taylor. Turning to the
page, her number is found to be 5-587. Turn back to the fourth
generation, where this number occurs in the list of children; it is
found among the children of 4-173, THOMAS B. LONG-
STRETH; turn back then to the third generation, where 4-173
comes in the list of children ; he is found to be the son of 3-70,
JOSEPH LONGSTRETH ; turn back once more to the second
generation, and 3-70 is seen to be the son of 2-11, BENJAMIN

To trace downward, reverse the method, looking for the num-
bers distinguishing a person among the heavy-face figures before
each leading name in the succeeding generation.

The names of persons of Longstreth descent are printed in
CAPITALS, marriage connections, in italics. In the lists of
children, a name placed after, shows the marriage alliance, and
the record of that person will be found forward. The record of
unmarried children ends under their parents' record.

The abbreviations, b., d., m., unm., mean born, died, married,


%f)t Hongsttetl) jTamilp'

The Longstreth family owes its name to the earliest known
place of its residence, Longstrother Dale, Deanery of Craven, in
the West Riding of Yorkshire, England, which was the home
of the Longstreths for unknown generations. Longstrother
Dale was included in the original Fee surveyed under the Terra
Will'mi de Perci in Domesday Book, which records the distribu-
tion of lands made by William the Conqueror. The region must
have been prosperous, for by a survey of the Percy Fee taken in
1502, the rental of Longstrother Dale was £140. 15s. gd., while
the annual value of the whole of the great estate in Yorkshire be-
longing to the Percys, Dukes of Northumberland, was only

The Dale has received mention from the pens of two import-
ant English writers. One of these is Chaucer, in his " Canterbury
Tales," written about 1390; from this remote and obscure dale
probably sprang the two scholars whom Chaucer has made the
subject of his " Reeve's Tale," whose dialect in the story is recog-
nized by northern men as precisely the modern dialect of Craven :

" Of a town were they born that highte [was called] Strothir,
Fer in the North, I can nat telle where." 2

^ For accounts of the name and family, see Whitaker's " History and
Antiquities of the Deanery of Craven," Fuller's " Worthies of England,"
Hall's " Chronicle," Taaffe's " History of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem,
or Knights Hospitallers, Knights Templars, Knights of Rhodes, Knights of
Malta," Speight's " Craven and the Northwest Highlands of Yorkshire," and
" Upper Wharfedale." For accounts of Langstroth Dale, see the last; also
Cohley's " On Foot Through Wharfedale," White's " A Month in Yorkshire,"
Stanford's " Tourists' Guide to West Riding," Bogg's " Wharfedale " and " A
Thousand Miles in Wharfedale."

* Wright's edition of Chaucer, line 4012. See footnote to these lines in con-
firmation of the identity.

i8 The Longstreth Family Records.

The strength of the supposition that Strother means Long-
strother Dale Hes in the fact that no other place of the same name
occurs in the Deanery records of the Northern Counties.

The second mention of the name is in Drayton's " Polyol-
bion," a poetical ramble over England, written in 1622. In its
quaint personification of places, the poem represents the West
Riding to be singing the praises of the Wharfe River, as follows :

" Next guide I on my Wharfe
Who her full fountain takes from my waste western wild,
Whence all but mountaineers by Nature are exiled.
On Longstrothdale, and lights at th' entrance of her race,
When, keeping on her course along through Harden Chace,
She watereth Wharfedale's breast that proudly bears her name.

Ye thus behold my hills, my forests, dales, and chaces
Upon my spacious breast; note to what Nature places
Far upon my West, first, Langstrothdale doth lie.
And on the bank of Wharfe my pleasant Harden, by
Chevin Kilnsey Crags, were they not here in me
In any other place right well might wonders be."

The Longstreths were not a family of any great prominence,
though the names of a few are preserved in history, notably that
of John de Longstrother who appears in the Civil Wars. They
were mainly of the yeoman class, which has been called the
" backbone of England," and cultivated their acres — sometimes to
good profit — fought for their king in troublous times, and served
their God according to their light. It was chiefly from the plain
people that George Fox's followers were recruited.

The parish registers and the records of the court at York
show that they wandered little from their native dale — indeed, a
change of residence was not in the Middle Ages the easy matter
it is to-day — and most of them lived and died in Longstrother
Dale, or in the near-by parishes.

Moved by an antiquarian interest in the cradle of the Long-









The Longstreth Family. 19

streth family, two of its members ^ made a tour through the an-
cestral region in 1894; the record of this journey gives so good a
picture of present-day conditions, that, remembering how slowly
appearances change in a district as remote and little travelled as
this is, one can form from their account a fair idea of conditions
two centuries ago when Bartholomew Longstreth left the dale
to try his fortune in the New World.

The account is in the form of diary letters.

Settle, July 21, 1894.

The Rev. Mr. Crofton, incumbent of Giggleswick, has brought us
from his church the oldest register that I might search for marriages,
births and deaths of any of the Longstreth family. They are written on
parchment. The writing is in a small crabbed hand, contractions used,
and in bastard Latin. The pages are so grimed and dimmed, and in
some places even rotted away by damp, that it is an impossibility for me
to read what is written. The earliest records begin in 1548. There
seems to have been no marriages recorded, though there were fifty-seven
births and thirty-one deaths. ... I made the acquaintance of Mr.
Thomas Brayshaw, solicitor, who has lent us many books and given
most freely of his extensive knowledge, he being an antiquarian, local
historian, and archaeologist. He spent an hour or more with me in his
library hunting in the record of wills at York for any of the Lang-
stroths, of which we found some enumerated below. I also called twice
on Rev'd Mr. Crofton, incumbent of Giggleswick. After luncheon we
went up to Horton to call upon Mr. John Foster to secure any records
he might have, but failed to find him. Our route was up the valley of
the Ribble River which heads up on the west side of the hills from whose
east flank begins Langstroth Dale, where are the head waters of the
Wharfe. Following down this stream comes Kettlewell Dale and then
Wharfedale. The valley of the Skirfaire River (creek, as we should
call it) which flows into the Wharfe at Amerdale Dub is called Litten-
dale, and in it is the parish and church of ArnclifTe.

The late incumbent has written lovingly of his dale, and his book,
" Littendale, Past and Present," and H. Speight's book, " The Craven
and Northwest Highlands of Yorkshire," are the two books which con-
tain the most detailed accounts of this region so interesting in itself and
so particularly interesting to us.

' Horace J. and Margaret L. Smith (5-604) .

20 The Longstreth Family Records.

Continuing our diary, — to-day we took a pair of horses and drove
upon the moor, a most desolate and bleak highland on which crops out
the limestone of the region. We have seen no ploughed land hardly
since we left Manchester, and the agriculture being entirely pastoral, but
few farm laborers are needed. There being no factories in these upland
moors or the dales of which I am writing, the population remains what
it was when first enumerated four hundred years ago. This is a region
several hundred square miles in extent where the whistle is never
heard, — the farthest in fact from a railroad of any in England, — and yet
a region of varied and absorbing interest. Historically, too, and in
monuments of far distant times belonging to the earliest records of
human activity in this country, there are to be found matters of no ordi-
nary importance. Prehistoric man, Druid, Roman, Saxon, Dane, Nor-
man, — all have left their mark. Scenically, the district, being built up
mainly of limestone, presents a surface bold and picturesque, a combina-
tion of the sublime and the beautiful. High mountain masses isolated
or in ranges, with perpendicular walls that rise in a succession of pla-
teaux or terraces formed by the weathering of the horizontal beds of
rock, are notable features of the landscape. On the summit of these
tablelands are often tarns or lakes, and the hills give rise to innumerable
springs so that running streams abound. Now in July the whole coun-
try is verdant with rich nutritious grasses on soil never " tickled with
the plough." Thus lying remote for the most part from any large towns,
the customs, manners, and pastoral habits of the people have remained
in great measure undisturbed.

We took a pair of horses to-day and drove up steep roads to the
private grounds of Mr. Morrison, formerly Member of Parliament for
this district, whose house is built on the edge of Malham Tarn, a sheet
of water several miles in circumference. We were wanting to make
acquaintance with the incumbent of the parish church of Kirkly Mal-
ham and met him on the road walking briskly along to call on Mr. Mor-
rison. So we stopped and spoke to this Rev. Mr. Henley, a gentleman
of perhaps sixty years, who was taking a ten-mile airing on foot with
the vigor of a young man. He appointed to meet us at his rectory;
then we lunched at Malham^ and I went up to see Gordale Sear, a minia-
ture Yosemite. This is a crevice in the limestone rock, about thirty
feet wide and three hundred high, down which comes a beautiful water-

Picking up Mr. Henley on his return we went with him to the rec-
tory. We looked over the church records but found nothing about the
Longstreths. Mr. Henley pointed out the signatures of Oliver Crom-
well [as witness] to a marriage record.

The driver took a twelve-mile round on the level low lands rather

The Longstreth Family. 21

than a five-mile trip over the high moors, and we were delighted with
the fertile region. Long Preston through which we passed is a beautiful
and well kept village. We thus made a charming round full of interest,
and this evening Mr. Crofton brought his church registers for us to

July 22.

To-day we went early to meeting and as the word had gone out
among Friends of our presence and errand, we were welcomed at the
door. After meeting we went through the building set apart for school
purposes, Friends conducting successful First-day schools. Afterwards
we went to see the Holy Well of Giggleswick, one that ebbs and flows.
In the afternoon we called on a Mrs. Baldwin, nee Langstroth. Her
brother Stephen became a Friend in his later years and was supported
by Friends. Another brother, Robert, came in during our call. They
are to hunt up any records they may have and bring them to us. We
heard also of a Craven Langstroth who has moved to Carlton in Skipton.
We took tea with Miss Thompson and her sister, to whom we had been
referred. They showed us all the Friends' Records of Settle Meeting,
but no reference was in them to our family.

July 23.

To-day we began our pilgrimage to our ancestral Dale, driving up
to the bleak, and except for grass, desolate moors. In some places
there is heather which growing a foot or two high forms a cover for
grouse. We saw the " huts " from which the birds are shot, the men
driving them up to these little barricades just high enough to shelter a
man from sight. This still hunting is mere murder. The roads were
desperately steep, going straight up the face of these high hills, and in
places we all walked. At last we reached the divide between Ribbledale
and Littendale. We turned down the latter hoping to see the Rev. Mr.
Shufifrey, the vicar, author of " Littendale, Past and Present." Mr.
Shufifrey was not at home, but the sexton showed us the register which
begins only at 1676; though we searched diligently we found only one
Langstroth named John who died in 1816. After a good lunch in the
hostelry, all of which we have found clean and neat except that at Mal-
ham, we drove down Littendale to Kettlewell Dale, the river Skirfaire
here joining the Wharfe whose waters rise in Langstroth Dale. The
Rev. Mr. Haslewood of Kettlewell showed us his records, but they did
not mention the Langstroths, so we passed on up the valley of the
Wharfe to Buckden, where we saw Rev. R. F. R. Anderton, incumbent
of Huberholme. He showed us his register which begins at 1722, and

22 The Longstreth Family Records.

from then to 1795 there was no record of a Langstroth. We passed
without knowing it an abandoned Friends' burial ground at the little
hamlet of Starbottom which has been sold for iio. to Mr. Basil Wood,
but is not to be disturbed.

Buckden, Langstroth Dale.

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