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THE LIBRARY

OF

THE UNIVERSITY
OF CALIFORNIA

LOS ANGELES



Vol. 3

Physical Anthropology of the Lenape or Dela-
wares, and of the Eastern Indians in Gen-
eral. By Ales Hrdlicka. (Bur. of Amer.
Ethnol., Bull. 62, 1916, with added title-page
and cover.) $1 .00.

Vol.4

No. 1 : The Technique of Porcupine-Quill Dec-
oration among the North American Indians.
By William C. Orchard. 1916. $1.00.

No. 2: Certain Archeological Investigations
in Trinidad, British West Indies. By Theo-
door de Booy. Reprinted from Amer. An-
thropol., Vol. 19, 1917, No. 4. 50c.

No. 3: The Nacoochee Mound in Georgia. By
George G. Heye, F. W. Hodge, and George
H. Pepper. 1918. $1.50.

Vol.5

No. 1 : A Letter of Pedro de Alvarado Relating
to his Expedition to Ecuador [1534]. By
Marshall H. Saville. 1917. 50c.

No. 2: The Diegueno Ceremony of the Death-
Images. By E.H.Davis. 1919. 50c.

No. 3: Certain Mounds in Haywood County,
North Carolina, By George G. Heye. Re-
printed from Holmes Anniversary Volume,
1916. 1919. 50c.

No. 4: Exploration of Aboriginal Sites at
Throgs Neck and Clasons Point, New York
City. By Alanson Skinner. 1919. $1.00.

Address:
MXTSEUM OF THE AMERICAN INDIAN, HEYE

FOUNDATION,

BROADWAY AT 155iH ST.,
NEW YORK CITY



INDIAN NOTES
AND MONOGRAPHS




A SERIES OF PUBLICA-
TIONS RELATING TO THE
AMERICAN ABORIGINES



TWO LENAPE STONE MASKS

FROM PENNSYLVANIA

AND NEW JERSEY

BY

ALANSON SKINNER



NEW YORK

MUSEUM OF THE AMERICAN INDIAN

HEYE FOUNDATION

1920



Publications of the Museum of the
American Indian, Heye Foundation



THE GEORGE G. HEYE EXPEDITION
CONTRIBUTIONS TO SOUTH AMER-
ICAN ARCHAEOLOGY

Vol.1

The Antiquities of Manabi, Ecuador: A Pre-
liminary Report. By Marshall H. Saville.
1907. $25.00.

Vol.2

The Antiquities of Manabi, Ecuador: Final
Report. By Marshall H. Saville. 1910.
$25.00.

CONTRIBUTIONS FROM THE MUSEUM

OF THE AMERICAN INDIAN,

HEYE FOUNDATION

Vol. 1

No. 1: Lucayan Artifacts from the Bahamas.
By Theodoor de Booy. Reprinted from Amer.
Anthropol., Vol. 15, 1913, No. 1. 50c.

No. 2: Precolumbian Decoration of the Teeth
in Ecuador, with some Account of the Oc-
currence of the Custom in other parts of
North and South America. By Marshall H.
Saville. Reprinted from Amer. Anthropol.,
Vol. 15, 1913, No. 3. 50c.

No. 3: Certain Kitchen-middens in Jamaica.
By Theodoor de Booy. Reprinted from
Amer. Anthropol., Vol. 15, 1913, No. 3. (Re-
printed, 1919.) 50c.

No. 4: Porto Rican Elbow-stones in the Heye
Museum, with discussion of similar objects
elsewhere. By J. Walter Fewkes. Reprinted
from Amer Anthropol., Vol. 15, 1913, No. 3.
50c.



INDIAN NOTES
AND MONOGRAPHS




A SERIES OF PUBLICA-
TIONS RELATING TO THE
AMERICAN ABORIGINES



TWO LENAPE STONE MASKS

FROM PENNSYLVANIA

AND NEW JERSEY

BY

ALANSON SKINNER



NEW YORK

MUSEUM OF THE AMERICAN INDIAN
HEYE FOUNDATION

J92Q



THIS series of INDIAN NOTES AND MONO-
GRAPHS is devoted primarily to the publica-
tion of the results of studies by members of
the staff of the Museum of the American
Indian, Heye Foundation, and is uniform
with HISPANIC NOTES AND MONOGRAPHS,
published by the Hispanic Society of
America, with which organization this
Museum is in cordial cooperation.



TWO LENAPE STONE
MASKS FROM

PENNSYLVANIA AND
NEW JERSEY



BY

ALANSON SKINNER



SKINNER LENAPE MASK




LENAPE STONE MASK FROM PENNSYLVANIA



TWO LENAPE STONE MASKS

FROM PENNSYLVANIA

AND NEW JERSEY

BY ALANSON SKINNER

TjHE mask shown in pi. I, with its
r I grimacing face and protruding

tongue, was washed out by a
freshet on the site of the Lenape
or Delaware Indian village of Wyalusing,
; on the Susquehanna, a settlement destroyed :
by Continental soldiers under Colonel Hart-
ley in 1778, because it had been a rallying
place for Indian hostiles and Tories.

The face of the mask shows evidence of
having been made with the aid of both
stone and metallic tools, and its lolling
tongue is further evidence of its historic
origin, since this feature is in imitation of a
familiar type of the well-known Iroquois
false-face.



INDIAN NOTES



L E N A P E



While the exact use to which this object
has been put is in doubt, it is known that
the modern Lenape Indians still possess
wooden dolls which they style "guardians of
health" and to which annual sacrifices are
made to insure the welfare of the tribe
They also believe in a being called "The
Living Solid Face," who controls the beasts
of the forest and governs the chase. In the
annual ceremony this personage is repre
jsented by a shaman wearing a heavy
I wooden mask. No doubt this object from
Wyalusing represents one or the other of
these deities, specimens of both of which
are to be seen in the Museum of the Ameri
can Indian, Heye Foundation.

Only a few Lenape masks or heads of
stone are known. The finest of these was
I found at Grasmere, Staten Island, New
York, many years ago, and is now in the
Museum of the Staten Island Institute of
Arts and Sciences. Another came from
Trenton, New Jersey, and a third from
Monmouth county in the same state.

A crude face pecked in a bowlder (pi. n)
I was collected by Rev. Dr William R.



INDIAN NOTES




LENAPE STONE MASK FROM NEW JERSEY



STONE MASKS


7


Blackie on Minisink island in upper Dela-
ware river, and was presented by him to the
Museum of the American Indian, Heye
Foundation. Another of the same type
was found also by Dr Blackie and is in the




American Museum of Natural History,
New York City.




Consult: ABBOTT, C. C., Primitive Industry,
p. 394, Salem, Mass., 1881. SKINNER, A.,
(1) Indians of Greater New York, p. 117, Cedar
Rapids, Iowa, 1915. (2) Preliminary Report of
the Archaeological Survey of New Jersey, p. 32,
Bulletin 9. Geological Survey of New Jersey.
Trenton, 1913. WILSON. Thomas, Prehistoric
Art, Annual Report of the U. S. National
Museum for 1896. p. 481, pi. 52, Washington,
1898.




AND MONOGRAPHS





No. 5: Note on the Archaeology of Chiriqui.
By George Grant MacCurdy. Reprinted
from Amer. Anlkropol., Vol. 15, 1913, No. 4.
50c.

No. 6: Petroglyphs of Saint Vincent, British
West Indies. By Thomas Huckerby. Re-
printed from Amer. AnlhropoL, Vol. 16, 1914.
No. 2. 50c.

No. 7: Prehistoric Objects from a Shell-heap
at Erin Bay, Trinidad. By J. Walter Fewkes.
Reprinted from Amer. Anthropol.. Vol. 16,
1914, No. 2. 50c.

No. 8: Relations of Aboriginal Culture and En-
vironment in the Lesser Antilles. By J.
Walter Fewkes. Reprinted from Bull. Amer.
Ceogr. Soc., Vol. 46, 1914, No. 9, 50c.

No. 9: Pottery from Certain Caves in Eastern
Santo Domingo, West Indies. By Theodoor
de Booy. Reprinted from Amer. Anthropol.,
Vol. 17, 1915, No. 1. 50c.
Vol.2

No. 1: Exploration of a Munsee Cemetery near
Montague, New Jersey. By George G. Heye
and George H. Pepper. 1915. $1.00.

No. 2: Engraved Celts from the Antilles. By
J. Walter Fewkes. 1915. 50c.

No. 3 : Certain West Indian Superstitions Per-
taining to Celts. By Theodoor de Booy.
Reprinted from Journ. Amer. Folk-Lore. Vol.
28, No. 107, 1915. 50c.

No. 4: The Nanticoke Community of Dela-
ware. By Frank G. Speck. 1915. $1.00.

No. 5: Notes on the Archeology of Margarita
Island, Venezuela. By Theodoor de Booy.
1916. 50c.

No. 6: Monolithic Axes and their Distribution
in Ancient America. By Marshall H. Saville.
1916. 50c.



Vol.3

Physical Anthropology of the Lenape or Dela-
wares, and of the Eastern Indians in Gen-
eral. By Ales Hrdlicka. (Bur. of Amer.
Ethnol., Bull. 62, 1916, with added title-page
and cover.) $1.00.

Vol.4

No. 1 : The Technique of Porcupine-Quill Dec-
oration among the North American Indians.
By William C. Orchard. 1916. $1.00.

No. 2: Certain Archeological Investigations
in Trinidad, British West Indies. By Theo-
door de Booy. Reprinted from Amer. An-
thropol., Vol. 19, 1917, No. 4. 50c.

No. 3: The Nacoochee Mound in Georgia. By
George G. Heye, F. W. Hodge, and George
H. Pepper. 1918. $1.50.

Vol.5

No. 1: A Letter of Pedro de Alvarado Relating
to his Expedition to Ecuador [1534]. By
Marshall H. Savffle. 1917. 50c.

No. 2: The Dieguefio Ceremony of the Death-
Images. ByE. H. Davis. 1919. 50c.

No. 3: Certain Mounds in Haywood County,
North Carolina. By George G. Heye. Re-
printed from Holmes Anniversary Volume,
1916. 1919. 50c.

No. 4: Exploration of Aboriginal Sites at
Throgs Neck and Clasons Point, New York
City. By Alanson Skinner. 1919. $1.00.

Address :
MUSEUM OF THE AMERICAN INDIAN, HEYE

FOUNDATION,

BROADWAY AT 155TH ST.,
NEW YORK CITY



INDIAN NOTES
AND MONOGRAPHS




A SERIES OF PUBLICA-
TIONS RELATING TO THE
AMERICAN ABORIGINES



SANDALS AND OTHER FABRICS
FROM KENTUCKY CAVES

BY

WILLIAM C. ORCHARD



NEW YORK

MUSEUM OF THE AMERICAN INDIAN

HEYE FOUNDATION

1920



JIVFDCT-r-v -* ~.w



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Online LibraryAlanson SkinnerTwo Lenape stone masks from Pennsylvania and New Jersey → online text (page 1 of 1)