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UBL!



SAMUEL LANGHO^N CLEMENS ABOUT I860



MARK TWAIN

A BIOGRAPHY

THE PERSONAL AND LITERARY LIFE OF

SAMUEL LANGHORNE CLEMENS



BY

ALBERT BIGELOW PAINE



WITH LETTERS, COMMENTS AND INCIDENTAL

WHITINGS HITHERTO UNPUBLISHED; ALSO

NEW EPISODES. ANECDOTES. ETC.



THREE VOLUMES
FULLY ILLUSTRATED



VOLUME II




HARPER & BROTHERS PUBLISHERS

NEW YORK AND LONDON

MCMXII




COPYRIGHT. 19J2. BY HARPER & BROTHERS

PRINTED IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

PUBLISHER SEPTEMBER. 1912



I-M



p$
pi



2-



CONTENTS



CHAP.

CV. MARK TWAIN AT FORTY

CVI. His FIRST STAGE APPEARANCE

CVII. HOWELLS, CLEMENS, AND "GEORGE" ...

CVIII. SUMMER LABORS AT QUARRY FARM

CIX. THE PUBLIC APPEARANCE OF "TOM SAWYER"

CX. MARK TWAIN AND BRET HARTE WRITE A PLAY

CXI. A BERMUDA HOLIDAY

CXII. A NEW PLAY AND A NEW TALE

CXIII. Two DOMESTIC DRAMAS

CXIV. THE WHITTIER BIRTHDAY SPEECH

CXV. HARTFORD AND BILLIARDS

CXVI. OFF FOR GERMANY

CXVII. GERMANY AND GERMAN

CXVIII. TRAMPING WITH TWICHELL

CXIX. ITALIAN DAYS

CXX. IN MUNICH

CXXI. PARIS, ENGLAND, AND HOMEWARD BOUND .

CXXII. AN INTERLUDE

CXXIII. THE GRANT SPEECH OF 1879

CXXIV. ANOTHER "ATLANTIC" SPEECH

CXXV. THE QUIETER THINGS OF HOME

CXXVI. "A TRAMP ABROAD"

CXX VI I. LETTERS, TALES, AND PLANS

CXXVIII. MARK TWAIN S ABSENT-MINDEDNESS ...

CXXIX. FURTHER AFFAIRS AT THE FARM

CXXX. COPYRIGHT AND OTHER FANCIES

v



PAGE

563
569

572
577
583
587

59*
595
599
603
611
616
619
626
633
638
641
649
652
658
661
665
672
678
682
686



248411



CONTENTS

CHAP. PAGE

CXXXI. WORKING FOR GARFIELD 691

CXXXII. A NEW PUBLISHER 696

CXXXIII. THE THREE FIRES SOME BENEFACTIONS . . 699

CXXXIV. LITERARY PROJECTS AND A MONUMENT TO

ADAM 705

CXXXV. A TRIP WITH SHERMAN AND AN INTERVIEW WITH

GRANT 710

CXXXVI. "THE PRINCE AND THE PAUPER" 714

CXXXVII. CERTAIN ATTACKS AND REPRISALS . . . . 719

CXXXVIII. MANY UNDERTAKINGS 723

CXXXIX. FINANCIAL AND LITERARY 729

CXL. DOWN THE RIVER 734

CXLI. LITERATURE AND PHILOSOPHY 741

CXLII. "LIFE ON THE MISSISSIPPI" 745

CXLIII. A GUEST OF ROYALTY 748

CXLIV. A SUMMER LITERARY HARVEST 750

CXLV. HOWELLS AND CLEMENS WRITE A PLAY . . 755

CXLVI. DISTINGUISHED VISITORS 758

CXLVII. THE FORTUNES OF A PLAY 760

CXLVIII. CABLE AND His GREAT JOKE 763

CXLIX. MARK TWAIN IN BUSINESS 771

CL. FARM PICTURES 774

CLI. MARK TWAIN MUGWUMPS 778

CLII. PLATFORMING WITH CABLE 783

CLIII. HUCK FINN COMES INTO His OWN . \/ . . 793

CLIV. THE MEMOIRS OF GENERAL GRANT .... 799

CLV. DAYS WITH A DYING HERO 807

CLVI. THE CLOSE OF A GREAT CAREER 813

CLVII. MINOR MATTERS OF A GREAT YEAR . . . . 817

CLVIII. MARK TWAIN AT FIFTY 826

CLIX. THE LIFE OF THE POPE 832

CLX. A GREAT PUBLISHER AT HOME 836

CLXI. HISTORY: MAINLY BY SUSY 840

vi



\



CONTENTS

CHAP.

CLXII. BROWNING, MEREDITH, AND MEISTERSCHAFT

CLX1II. A LETTER TO THE QUEEN OF ENGLAND . .

CLXIV. SOME FURTHER ACCOUNT OF CHARLES L.

WEBSTER & Co

CLXV. LETTERS, VISITS, AND VISITORS

CLXVI. A "PLAYER" AND A MASTER OF ARTS . .

CLXVII. NOTES AND LITERARY MATTERS

CLXVIII. INTRODUCING NYE AND RILEY AND OTHERS

CLXIX. THE COMING OF KIPLING

CLXX. "THE PRINCE AND THE PAUPER" ON THE

STAGE

CLXXI. "A CONNECTICUT YANKEE IN KING ARTHUR S

COURT"

CLXXII. THE "YANKEE" IN ENGLAND

CLXXIII. A SUMMER AT ONTEORA

CLXXIV. THE MACHINE

CLXXV. "THE CLAIMANT" LEAVING HARTFORD . .
CLXXVI. A EUROPEAN SUMMER

CLXXVII. K6RNERSTRASSE, 7

CLXXVIII. A WINTER IN BERLIN

CLXXIX. A DINNER WITH WILLIAM II

CLXXX. MANY WANDERINGS

CLXXXI. NAUHEIM AND THE PRINCE OF WALES . .

CLXXXII. THE VILLA VIVIANI

CLXXXIII. THE SIEUR DE CONTE AND JOAN ....

CLXXXIV. NEW HOPE IN THE MACHINE

CLXXXV. AN INTRODUCTION TO H. H. ROGERS . . .

CLXXXVI. "THE BELLE OF NEW YORK "

CLXXX VII. SOME LITERARY MATTERS

CLXXXVIII. FAILURE ... -

CLXXXIX. AN EVENTFUL YEAR ENDS

CXC. STARTING ON THE LONG TRAIL

CXCI. ON THE WAY AROUND THE WORLD ....

vii



840

852

855
859
866
871
876
880

883

887

893
899

903
915
921
929
932
940
945
949
953
958
961
969
972
980

983
988

999
1003



CONTENTS

C1TAP.

CXCII. "FOLLOWING THE EQUATOR"

CXCII1. THE PASSING OF SUSY

CXCIV. WINTER IN TEDWORTH SQUARE ....

CXCV. "PERSONAL RECOLLECTIONS OF JOAN OF ARC

CXCVI. MR. ROGERS AND HELEN KELLER . . .

CXCVII. FINISHING THE BOOK OF TRAVEL . . .

CXCVIII. A SUMMER IN SWITZERLAND

CXCIX. WINTER IN VIENNA

CC. MARK TWAIN PAYS His DEBTS ....

CCI. SOCIAL LIFE IN VIENNA

CCII. LITERARY WORK IN VIENNA

CCIII. AN IMPERIAL TRAGEDY

CCIV. THE SECOND WINTER IN VIENNA . . .

CCV. SPEECHES THAT WERE NOT MADE . . .

CCVI. A SUMMER IN SWEDEN

CCVII. 30, WELLINGTON COURT

CCVIII. MARK TWAIN AND THE WARS

CCIX. PLASMON, AND A NEW MAGAZINE . . .

CCX. LONDON SOCIAL AFFAIRS

CCXI. DOLLIS HILL AND HOME .



PAGE
1008

1020
1025
1028

1035
1038

1043
1048

1054
1059
1065
I07O
1072
1077
1084



1095



IIO4

1108



ILLUSTRATIONS

SAMUEL L. CLEMENS ABOUT l88O Frontispiece

QUARRY FARM, ELMIRA, NEW YORK Facing .578

GROUP AT THE FARM " 578

CONDOVER HALL 646

ONE VIEW OF THE HARTFORD HOUSE " 698

CHARLES L. WEBSTER " 728

AN APOLOGY FROM SAINT-GAUDENS FOR A BROKEN EN
GAGEMENT Page 765

MRS. CLEMENS AND THE CHILDREN Facing p. 776

MARK TWAIN AND THE CLOCKS: BY TH. NAST . . . Page 788

THE GERHARDT BUST OF GENERAL GRANT Facing p. 808

FACSIMILE OF GENERAL GRANT S LAST WRITING . . Page 814
FACSIMILE OF THE FIRST ROYALTY CHECK PAID BY CHARLES

L. WEBSTER & CO. ON THE GRANT MEMOIR ... " 8l6
ELLERSLIE Facing p. 824

FACSIMILE OF DR. HOLMES s POEM TO MARK TWAIN ... " 830

MARK TWAIN AT 50 " 830

WEBSTER & CO. S ANNOUNCEMENT OF THE "LIFE OF THE

POPE" " 834

CHART DESIGNED BY MARK TWAIN TO RECORD TELEPHONE

TROUBLES Facing p. 838

A PAGE OF MARK TWAIN s "BROWNING" " 846

REVERSE SIDE OF MARK TWAIN s MENU CARD OF THE DALY

LUNCHEON AT WHICH THE " PLAYERS " WAS FORMED " 866
THE SLIPPER WHICH MARK TWAIN EMBROIDERED FOR

ELSIE LESLIE LYDE " 884

THE PAIGE TYPESETTER " 908

THE LOST NAPOLEON: SKETCH IN NOTE-BOOK .... Page 926

FLORENCE IN THE DISTANCE Fat -ing p. 956

HENRY H. ROGERS " 970

SUSY CLEMENS " 998

MARK TWAIN AT DOLLIS HILL " IIO8



MARK TWAIN

A BIOGRAPHY



MARK TWAIN

A BIOGRAPHY

cv

MARK TWAIN AT FORTY

IN conversation with John Hay, Hay said to Clemens :
"A man reaches the zenith at forty, the top of the
hill. From that time forward he begins to descend. If
you have any great undertaking ahead, begin it now.
You will never be so capable again."

Of course this was only a theory of Hay s, a rule
where rules do not apply, where in the end the problem
resolves itself into a question of individualities. John
Hay did as great work after forty as ever before, so did
Mark Twain, and both of them gained in intellectual
strength and public honor to the very end.

Yet it must have seemed to many who knew him, and
to himself, like enough, that Mark Twain at forty had
reached the pinnacle of his fame and achievement. His
name was on every lip; in whatever environment ob
servation and argument were likely to be pointed with
some saying or anecdote attributed, rightly or otherwise,
to Mark Twain. "As Mark Twain says," or, "You know
that story of Mark Twain s," were universal and daily
commonplaces. It was dazzling, towering fame, not of
the best or most enduring kind as yet, but holding some
where within it the structure of immortality.

He was in a constant state of siege, besought by all
varieties and conditions of humanity for favors such as
only human need and abnormal ingenuity can invent.
His ever-increasing mail presented a marvelous exhibi
tion of the human species on undress parade. True,

563



MARK TWAIN

there were hundreds of appreciative tributes from readers
who spoke only out of a heart s gratitude; but there were
nearly as great a number who came with a compliment,
and added a petition, or a demand, or a suggestion,
usually unwarranted, often impertinent. Politicians,
public speakers, aspiring writers, actors, elocutionists,
singers, inventors (most of them he had never seen or
heard of) cheerfully asked him for a recommendation
as to their abilities and projects.

Young men wrote requesting verses or sentiments to
be inscribed in young ladies autograph albums; young
girls wrote asking him to write the story of his life, to be
used as a school composition ; men starting obscure papers
coolly invited him to lend them his name as editor, as
suring him that he would be put to no trouble, and that
it would help advertise his books; a fruitful humorist
wrote that he had invented some five thousand puns, and
invited Mark Twain to father this terrific progeny in
book form for a share of the returns. But the list is
endless. He said once:

"The symbol of the race ought to be a human being
carrying an ax, for every human being has one concealed
about him somewhere, and is always seeking the oppor
tunity to grind it."

Even P. T. Barnum had an ax, the large ax of ad
vertising, and he was perpetually trying to grind it on
Mark Twain s reputation; in other words, trying to get
him to write something that would help to popularize
"The Greatest Show on Earth."

There were a good many curious letters letters from
humorists, would-be and genuine. A bright man in
Duluth sent him an old Allen "pepper-box" revolver
with the statement that it had been found among a pile
of bones under a tree, from the limb of which was sus
pended a lasso and a buffalo skull; this as evidence that
the weapon was the genuine Allen which Bemis had lost

564



MARK TWAIN AT FORTY

on that memorable Overland buffalo-hunt. Mark Twain
enjoyed that, and kept the old pepper-box as long as he
lived. There were letters from people with fads; letters
from cranks of every description; curious letters even
from friends. Reginald Cholmondeley, that lovely ec
centric of Condover Hall, where Mr. and Mrs. Clemens
had spent some halcyon days in 1873, wrote him invita
tions to be at his castle on a certain day, naming the hour,
and adding that he had asked friends to meet him.
Cholmondeley had a fancy for birds, and spared nothing
to improve his collection. Once he wrote Clemens asking
him to collect for him two hundred and five American
specimens, naming the varieties and the amount which
he was to pay for each. Clemens was to catch these
birds and bring them over to England, arriving at Con
dover on a certain day, when there would be friends to
meet him, of course.

Then there was a report which came now and then
from another English castle the minutes of a certain
"Mark Twain Club," all neatly and elaborately written
out, with the speech of each member and the discussions
which had followed the work, he found out later, of
another eccentric; for there was no Mark Twain Club,
the reports being just the mental diversion of a rich young
man, with nothing else to do. 1

Letters came queerly addressed. There is one en
velope still in existence which bears Clemens s name in
elaborate design and a very good silhouette likeness, the
work of some talented artist. "Mark Twain, United
States," was a common address; "Mark Twain, The
World," was also used; "Mark Twain, Somewhere,"
mailed in a foreign country, reached him promptly, and
"Mark Twain, Anywhere," found its way to Hartford
in due season. Then there was a letter (though this was

1 In Following the Equator Clemens combined these two pleasant
characters in one story, with elaborations.

565



MARK TWAIN

later; he was abroad at the time), mailed by Brander
Matthews and Francis Wilson, addressed, "Mark Twain,
God Knows Where." It found him after traveling half
around the world on its errand, and in his answer he said,
"He did." Then some one sent a letter addressed, "The
Devil Knows Where." Which also reached him, and he
answered, "He did, too."

Surely this was the farthest horizon of fame.

Countless Mark Twain anecdotes are told of this
period, of every period, and will be told and personally
vouched for so long as the last soul of his generation
remains alive. For seventy years longer, perhaps, there
will be those who will relate "personal recollections" of
Mark Twain. Many of them will be interesting; some of
them will be true; most of them will become history at last.
It is too soon to make history of much of this drift now.
It is only safe to admit a few authenticated examples.

It happens that one of the oftenest-told anecdotes has
been the least elaborated. It is the one about his call
on Mrs. Stowe. Twichell s journal entry, set down at the
time, verifies it:

Mrs. Stowe was leaving for Florida one morning, and
Clemens ran over early to say good-by. On his return
Mrs. Clemens regarded him disapprovingly:

"Why, Youth," she said, "you haven t on any collar
and tie."

He said nothing, but went up to his room, did up these
items in a neat package, and sent it over by a servant,
with a line:
N! "Herewith receive a call from the rest of me."

Mrs. Stowe returned a witty note, in which she said
that he had discovered a new principle, the principle of
making calls by instalments, and asked whether, in ex
treme cases, a man might not send his hat, coat, and boots
and be otherwise excused.

Col. Henry Watterson tells the story of an after-theater

566



MARK TWAIN AT FORTY

supper at the Brcvoort House, where Murat Halstead,
Mark Twain, and himself were present. A reporter sent
in a card for Colonel Watterson, who was about to
deny himself when Clemens said:

"Give it to me; I ll fix it." And left the table.
He came back in a moment and beckoned to Watterson.

" He is young and as innocent as a lamb," he said. "I
represented myself as your secretary. I said that you
were not here, but if Mr. Halstead would do as well I
would fetch him out. I ll introduce you as Halstead,
and we ll have some fun."

Now, while Watterson and Halstead were always good
friends, they were political enemies. It was a political
season and the reporter wanted that kind of an interview.
Watterson gave it to him, repudiating every principle
that Halstead stood for, reversing him in every expressed
opinion. Halstead was for hard money and given to
flying the " blood v^shirt" of sectional prejudice; Wat
terson lowered the bloody shirt and declared for green
backs in Halstead s name. Then he and Clemens re
turned to the table and told frankly what they had done.
Of course, nobody believed it. The report passed
the World night-editor, and appeared next morning.
Halstead woke up, then, and wrote a note to the World,
denying the interview throughout. The World printed
his note with the added line:

"When Mr. Halstead saw our reporter he had dined."

It required John Hay (then on the Tribune) to place the
joke where it belonged.

There is a Lotos Club anecdote of Mark Twain that
carries the internal evidence of truth. Saturday evening
at the Lotos always brought a gathering of the "wits,"
and on certain evenings "Hens and chickens" nights
each man had to tell a story, make a speech, or sing a
song. On one evening a young man, an invited guest,
was called upon and recited a very long poem.

567



MARK TWAIN

One by one those who sat within easy reach of the
various exits melted away, until no one remained but
Mark Twain. Perhaps he saw the earnestness of the
young man, and sympathized with it. He may have
remembered a time when he would have been grateful
for one such attentive auditor. At all events, he sat per
fectly still, never taking his eyes from the reader, never
showing the least inclination toward discomfort or im
patience, but listening, as with rapt attention, to the very
last line. Douglas Taylor, one of the faithful Saturday-
night members, said to him later:

" Mark, how did you manage to sit through that dreary,
interminable poem?"

"Well," he said, "that young man thought he had a
divine message to deliver, and I thought he was entitled
to at least one auditor, so I stayed with him."

We may believe that for that one auditor the young
author was willing to sacrifice all the others.

One might continue these anecdotes for as long as the
young man s poem lasted, and perhaps hold as large an
audience. But anecdotes are not all of history. These
are set down because they reflect a phase of the man and
an aspect of his life at this period. For at the most we
can only present an angle here and there, and tell a
little of the story, letting each reader from his fancy
construct the rest.



CVI

HIS FIRST STAGE APPEARANCE

ONCE that winter the Monday Evening Club met at
Mark Twain s home, and instead of the usual essay
he read them a story: "The Facts Concerning the Recent
Carnival of Crime in Connecticut." It was the story
of a man s warfare with a personified conscience a sort
of "William Wilson" idea, though less weird, less
somber, and with more actuality, more verisimilitude.
It was, in fact, autobiographical, a . setting-down of the
author s daily self-chidings. The climax, where conscience
is slain, is a startling picture which appeals to most of
humanity. So vivid is it all, that it is difficult in places
not to believe in the reality of the tale, though the allegory
is always present.

The club was deeply impressed by the little fictional
sermon. One of its ministerial members offered his
pulpit for the next Sunday if Mark Twain would deliver
it to his congregation. Howells welcomed it for the
Atlantic, and published it in June. It was immensely
successful at the time, though for some reason it seems to
be little known or remembered to-day. Now and then
a reader mentions it, always with enthusiasm. Howells
referred to it repeatedly in his letters, and finally persuaded
Clemens to let Osgood bring it out, with "A True Story,"
in dainty, booklet form. If the reader does not already
know the tale, it will pay him to look it up and read it,
and then to read it again.

Meantime Tom Sawyer remained unpublished.

5 6 9



MARK TWAIN

"Get Bliss to hurry it up!" wrote Howells. "That boy
is going to make a prodigious hit."

But Clemens delayed the book, to find some means to
J outwit the Canadian pirates, who thus far had laid hands
on everything, and now were clamoring at the Atlantic
because there was no more to steal.

Moncure D. Conway was in America, and agreed to
take the manuscript of Sawyer to London and arrange
for its publication and copyright. In Conway s Memoirs
he speaks of Mark Twain s beautiful home, comparing
it and its surroundings with the homes of Surrey, England.
He tells of an entertainment given to Harriet Beecher
Stowe, a sort of animated Jarley wax-works. Clemens
and Conway went over as if to pay a call, when presently
the old lady was rather startled by an invasion of cos
tumed figures. Clemens rose and began introducing
them in his gay, fanciful fashion. He began with a knight
in full armor, saying, as if in an aside, "Bring along that
tinshop," and went on to tell the romance of the knight s
achievements.

Conway read Tom Sawyer on the ship and was greatly
excited over it. Later, in London, he lectured on it,
arranging meantime for its publication with Chatto &
Windus, thus establishing a friendly business relation with
that firm which Mark Twain continued during his lifetime.

Clemens lent himself to a number of institutional
amusements that year, and on the 26th of April, 1876,
made his first public appearance on the dramatic stage.

It was an amateur performance, but not of the usual
kind. There was genuine dramatic talent in Hartford,
and the old play of the "Loan of the Lover, " with Mark
Twain as Peter Spuyk and Miss Helen Smith 1 as Gertrude,
with a support sufficient for their needs, gave a performance
that probably furnished as much entertainment as that

1 Now Mrs. William W. Ellsworth.
570



HIS FIRST STAGE APPEARANCE

pleasant old play is capable of providing. Mark Twain
had in him the making of a great actor. Henry Irving
once said to him :

"You made a mistake by not adopting the stage as a /
profession. You would have made even a greater actor
than a writer."

Yet it is unlikely that he would ever have been satis
fied with the stage. He had too many original literary
ideas. He would never have been satisfied to repeat the
same part over and over again, night after night from
week to month, and from month to year. He could
not stick to the author s lines even for one night. In
his performance of the easy-going, thick-headed Peter
Spuyk his impromptu additions to the lines made it hard
on the company, who found their cues all at sixes and
sevens, but it delighted the audience beyond measure.
No such impersonation of that character was ever given
before, or ever will be given again. It was repeated
with new and astonishing variations on the part of Peter,
and it could have been put on for a long run. Augustin
Daly wrote immediately, offering the Fifth Avenue
Theater for a "benefit" performance, and again, a few
days later, urging acceptance. "Not for one night, but
for many."

Clemens was tempted, no doubt. Perhaps, if he had
yielded, he would to-day have had one more claim on
immortality.



CVII

HOWELLS, CLEMENS, AND

HOWELLS and Clemens were visiting back and forth
rather oftener just then. Clemens was particularly
fond of the Boston crowd Aldrich, Fields, Osgood, and
the rest delighting in those luncheons or dinners which
Osgood, that hospitable publisher, was always giving on
one pretext or another. No man ever loved company
more than Osgood, or to play the part of host and pay for
the enjoyment of others. His dinners were elaborate
affairs, where the sages and poets and wits of that day
(and sometimes their wives) gathered. They were
happy reunions, those foregatherings, though perhaps
a more intimate enjoyment was found at the luncheons,
where only two or three were invited, usually Aldrich,
Howells, and Clemens, and the talk continued through
the afternoon and into the deepening twilight, such
company and such twilight as somehow one seems never
to find any more.

On one of the visits which Howells made to Hartford
that year he took his son John, then a small boy, with
him. John was about six years old at the time, with his
head full of stories of Aladdin, and of other Arabian
fancies. On the way over his father said to him :
"Now, John, you will see a perfect palace."
They arrived, and John was awed into silence by the
magnificence and splendors of his surroundings until they
went to the bath-room to wash off the dust of travel.
There he happened to notice a cake of pink soap.

572



HOWELLS, CLEMENS, AND "GEORGE"

"Why," he said, " they ve even got their soap painted!"
Next morning he woke early they were occupying the
mahogany room on the ground floor and slipping out
through the library, and to the door of the dining-room,
he saw the colored butler, George the kigmortejLGeorge
setting the breakfast-table. He hurriedly tiptoecTbacfe
and whispered to his father:

"Come quick ! The slave is setting the table !"
This being the second mention of George, it seems
proper here that he should be formally presented. Clem
ens used to say that George came one day to wash
windows and remained eighteen years. He was precisely
the sort of character that Mark Twain loved. He had
formerly been the body-servant of an army general and
was typically racially Southern, with those delightful at
tributes of wit and policy and gentleness which go with
the best type of negro character. The children loved him
no less than did their father. Mrs. Clemens likewise
had a weakness for George, though she did not approve of
him. George s morals were defective. He was an in
veterate gambler. He would bet on anything, though
prudently and with knowledge. He would investigate
before he in vested. If he placed his money on a horse,
he knew the horse s pedigree and the pedigree of the horses
against it, also of their riders. If he invested in an
election, he knew all about the candidates. He had
agents among his own race, and among the whites as
well, to supply him with information. He kept them
faithful to him by lending them money at ruinous in
terest. He buttonholed Mark Twain s callers while
he was removing their coats concerning the political
situation, much to the chagrin of Mrs. Clemens, who pro
tested, though vainly, for the men liked George and his
ways, and upheld him in his iniquities.

Mrs. Clemens s disapproval of George reached the point,
now and then, where she declared he could not remain.

573



MARK TWAIN

She even discharged him once, but next morning George



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