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certain that any descendants of the gray-haired one are not of our
race. Some Lyons in Ireland are of the family of Strathmore, and bear
the Strathmore arms.

The descendants of the De Lyons of Croxton Park passed into
Nottingham and Derby. The existing histories of these counties are
unsatisfactory in many ways; but the Feudal History of Derby fur-
nishes some items which are of considerable importance when taken
in connection with the very full Northampton data.

Nicholas de Lenne, Forester, presented on the part of Edw. I.
(1272-1307). John Lyon was with the Derby archers in Ireland 1362.
Alan de Leuns was sued 1270. In 1310 Letitia and Alice, daughters of
Wm. de Leuns of Chesterfield, sell lands. Adam de Lennes was on
the Subsidy Rolls 1327. In 1286 Philip de Lenne (also called de
Leuns) of Chesterfield was sued; he was plaintiff 1290. Robert and
Philip de Leune mentioned about 1318. Alan de Leune and Philip
mentioned tempo Hen. III. (1216-1272.) Philip was a witness 1318.
Richard and Philip mentioned tempo Edw. I. (1272-1307.) Richard de
Lenne sells lands in Eyom 1290. Robert de Leune of Chesterfield
mentioned in Pleas of the Forest tempo Edw. I., and Philip de Lyan in
the Pipe Rolls (tax list) 1213. Richard de Sutton held one Knight's
fee (600 A.) in Sutton of the Honor of Richmond [for which Peter de
Leonibus should respond]. Note: Peter de Leonibus did not suc-
ceed to the Honor of Richmond till 1203, but the words here placed
in brackets, not there in the original, may have been added subse-
quently [Testa de Nevil (Inquisition)] Roger de Linde is on the
Pipe Rolls 1255.

The Derby family spread into Northampton, probably through a
marriage. The chief authority for the Northampton pedigree is the
collection of documents preserved in the muniment room of the Chet-
woods, who succeeded to the Warkworth estates through marriage
with a Lyon heiress, and failure in the direct male line. An epitome
of these documents was given in vol. 1., p. 436; but a few of them are
copied below in the original form, the contracted forms, for the sake
of clearnesss, being filled out in brackets, and the annexed numbers
corresponding to the order in vol. I.



!• THE LYONS OF ENGLAND

The pedigree is as follows. It is based upon the papers referred
to, and upon the county histories of Baker and Bridge and the new
Victorian History. Compare the names of witnesses [vol. I.] with
the Derby list above.

1. Richard de Leuns m. Maud 2nd. Julianna, who was his widow
1206. He granted two virgates (80 A.) to his brother Matthew.

2. Roger de Leuns m. Hawise. His dau. Margaret m. Richard,
son of Walter de Sutton; their dau. m. Sir Geoffrey Luttrel; a pic-
ture of this couple adorns a psalter made for Geoffrey, and a copy
thereof is published in Fairholt's Costumes, Bohn Library.

3. Roger m. Joan, dau. of Adam de Napton. At her death 1278,
her lands in Plympton went to their son and heir Richard, he being
then 30 years.

4. Richard b. 1248, was living 1288 m. Lady Emma, who was his
widow 1311. He had a brother, John de Lions.J

5. John de Lions m. Margery, dau. of Hugo de Oakley; she was
his widow 1317; he d. 1312; she was living 1323. This is the John, son
of Pagan, of the Philippe pedigree (vol. I. p. XI.); but the following
extracts seem to be conclusive. [XIII.] Haec est finalis concordia
facta in curia regis apud Ebor [aceum] inter Hugonem de Okele
quaerentem et Joh[ann]em de Lyouns et Margeriam uxorem ejus
deforc[iantes] per Adam de Harewedon de duabus p[ar]tibus manerii
de Warkworth etc. et pro hac reoognitione fine et concordia idem Hugo
concessit pred[i]ctis Joh[ann]i et Margeriae et haeridit[ibus] reman-
ere Ric[ard]o filio p[rae]d [i] c[t]i Joh' is et heredibus etc. remanere
rectis heredibus d[i]c[t]i Johannis patris p[rae]d[i]c[t] or [um]
Joh'is et Ricardi. Ao. 31 Edw. I. [1302]. [XVII.] Universis S[an]c[t]
ae matris eccl[es]iae filiis ad quor[um] noticiam praesentes pervener-
Int. Prior et fratres ordinis S[an]c[t]i Augustini de North'ton salu-
tem. Nobili viro Johanni de Leonibus concessimus quod pro salubrl
statu suo et Aliciae consortis suae et eorum liberor[um]dum vixerint
necnon pro animabus eor [um] et omnium progenitorum suorum etc.
pro a[n]i[ma]bus Rogeri de Lions, Joh'is, Ricardi de Lions et Emmae
uxoris suae, Joh'is de Lions et IMargeriae uxoris suae etc. Sarae de
Ocle, Will[ielm]i de Seintliz et Margeriae uxoris suae, Ao. 1330. [This
John was son of John and Margaret. Note particularly the line of



JDocument No. XII. (omitted in Vol. I. of the Memorial) is an "agreement
between Walter Pompes, etc., on the one part, and William Purkell on the other.
Witnesses Richard de Lyuns, son of Lord Roger Lyuns, Gerard de Lyuns, Rich-
ard de Lyuns, Nicholas de Lyuns et al." Anno 1260.



THE LYONS OF ENGLAND 17

descent — Roger, John and Richard, John, and compare with Philippe,
vol. I., p. 11.].

6. John de Lions* m. Alice, dau. of Wm. de St. Liz; m. 2nd.
Elizabeth Hastings, living 1346; m. 3rd. Lora Latimer. He d. 1383.
A second son was Richard de Lions. There were two daughters:
Margerie, who m. Egidius St. John, and Agnes, both mentioned 1322.
[XX,XXXIL].§ In 1311 he received his grandmother's dower of Sever-
ford. [XVIL] Sciant quod ego Joh'es de Liouns dedi Joh'i filio meo
capitale messuagium de Swerford parva etc. cum reversione terrarum
et ten [en]tor[um] quae d[omin]a Emma mater mea de me tenet
nomine dotis etc. et si contingat p[rae]d[i]c[t]um Joh'em sine herede
de corpore suo obire remanerent Ricardo fratri suo. Testibus Thomas
de Liouns de Dunstowe et aliis.

In 1319 he gave the manor of Beckbroke to his wife Alice; and
in 1346 he gave to the prior and convent of Chacomb lands in Har-
pole and Plympton which he inherited from Adam de Napton; in
1337 he gave lands in Grimsbury to St. Leonard's Hospital in Banbury
and later the hospital received lands in Banbury and Overthorp. His
will was dated Saturday after the Feast of Conception of the B. V. M.
1383: To be buried in Chacomb Convent church; masses for the
souls of Elizabeth Hastings and Lora Latimer his former wives;
bequests to religious bodies. Proved Dec. 19, 1383. [Lincoln Wills].

His brother, Richard of Great Oakley, m. Margerie. He had a
son Richard: [XXV.] A toutz ceaux I're verrounts ou orrounts. Richard
de Lions de Warkworth et Richard son fitz etc. nouz estre tenuz k sire
[Sir] John de Lyons, Seignr de Warkworth etc. Donne Ao, 35 Edw. III.
(1361).

In 1330 Richard was summoned to show cause of his claim in
Oakley. Replied that Hugo de Ocle died seized of the manor etc.,
leaving daughters, one Margery, his heirs; and that Margery con-
veyed her share to Richard de Lions and his heirs. In 1347 Richard
accounts for one fee (800 A.) in Oakley, on levying aid for Knighting
the King's son. In 1361 Richard died; his moiety descending to
Isabella, Cecilia and Christina, his sisters and heirs [this was probably
Richard the son (see also the Battle Abbey)]. In 1418 Cecilia Ragonel



*Baker thinks there were two g-enerations of Johns in No. 6.

IDocument No. XX (omitted in Vol. I.). "Be it known that I. Margery,
who was wife of Lord John de Lions, lord of Warkworth, have given to Margery
and Agnes, my daughters, for the course of their lives, etc.. and after their
death, to Richard my son. etc." Anno 1322.
(2)



18



THE LYONS OF ENGLAND



died poss-essed of one-third of the manor, descending to her daughter
and heirs. She m. 1st. Hamelin de Mathan of Mulesey, Co. Surrey,
who d. 1381, her dau. Elizabeth being three years old. Her dau.
Margaret, wife of John Mitchell, died 1454 [Escheats 1381 and 1454 —
Clutterbuck's Hertford, Manning's Surrey and the Battle Abbey].
He has been confused with Richard, the vintner of Essex. Alice,
sister and coheir of Richard, living 1403, m. Nicholas Lovett of Rush-
ton in 1361. A Richard, with Claricia his wife and William his son,
confirmed a grant of Waleran de Sulgrave [probably father of Claricia]
to the convent— no date.

7. John m. 1370 Margaret St. John; he d.
1385. [XXVI.] Ceste indenture faite a Ald-
rington peutre dame Isabelle Seynt Johan
d'un parte et Johan de Lyouns fitz et heir
monsr. John de Lyouns, Seign'r. de Wark-
worth de I'autre parte testimoyne cest assauoir
que le dit John de Lyouns espousera Marge-
rie Seint Johan fllle au dit Isabelle etc.
pour que marriage la dit dame Isabelle in-
feoffera le dit Johan de Lyouns de son manoir
de Middleton Cheynduyt en le comte de North'-
ton k terme de vie la dit Isabelle etc. Ao. 44
Edw. III. (1370). His sister m. 1st. Nicholas
Chetwood; he died 1369; she m. 2nd. 1370
Richard Wydville [compare the account of Es-
sex above]. The Chetwood family succeeded
to the Lyon estates 1392, inasmuch as John
died without issue 1385.

His monument, said to be one of the most
beautiful in England, is in Warkworth church.
He wears on his head a bascinet, to which is
attached a camail of mail. Over the body is
a cyclas laced on the right side; under this a
haketon with sleeves, and under this a gambe-
son. Legs and feet are in chausses of mail;
spurs have plain wheel rowels left almost in
block. Knees are protected by genouilleres
decorated with ball flowers and quatrefoils; el- Monnment (reclining) of

^ ' John Lyon.




THE LYONS OF ENGLAND 19

bows by guards and lion-faced discs; hands by gauntlets of plate and
leather, with close-fitting cuffs strapped round the wrist. The head,
supported by angels, rests on his helm for battle and jousting, sur-
mounted by the crest, a talbot's head issuing from a ducal coronet.
The feet press with admirable spontaneity on a lion. The shield is
charged with the lion rampant of De Lions. The sword is
suspended by an elaborate baudric worn obliquely, whose ends are
fastened in a double locket placed a few inches below the top of
scabbard. The end of scabbard is protected by a bouterolle, and the
pommel ornamented with a human face. An ornate misericorde is
slung by a loop from the baudric. Every detail has received the sculp-
tor's most careful attention.

Two other monuments are there; said to be of Sir John and
Margery. He is represented cross-legged, in a hauberk which covers
his head, and extends to the wrists, leaving the hands, which are
elevated, bare. Every trace of mail is worn away, except a small
portion above the knee at the opening of the tunic, which falls back,
and reaches nearly to the heels. A plain horizontal belt, and a trans-
verse one from which depends a sword at left side; on the left side is
a heater shield. The head, bound with a plain fillet, is supported by
two mutilated angels, and rests on a double cushion; the feet rest on
a lion.

The other figure has a veil headdress confined around the head
by a plain fillet, and falling to the shoulders. A wimple just covers
the chin; an open mantle fastened by a cordon crossing below the
arms, which are raised in devotion. The head rests on a cushion; on
each side is a mutilated angel.

The last Sir John is the one who has been mistaken for John of
Glamis. The John de Lyons, who 1334 was summoned to attend the
Kjng with horses and arms at Roxburgh [Rot. Scot., L 306], and in
1343 had charters for lands in Perth and Aberdeen, who obtained the
reversion of Glamis, and whose son was Grand Chamberlain of Scot-
land, was a descendant of Richard of Northampton — King David had
possessions there — and may have been a cousin of the last Sir John.

Much more might be said of Northampton Lyons, but space for-
bids. The Oxford Hist. Soc. vol. 24 gives a long account of the vari-
ous rectors of Begbroke, of whom the first whose name is known was
appointed by Roger de Lyons in 1231. [see also Rennet's Parochial



20 THE LYONS OF ENGLAND

Hist, of Oxford]. Nicholas de Lyons was Rector 1303, and many of
his family entered the church, here and in other counties. The Lyon
family presented to this rectory for 117 years, except 1294, when Roger
de Lens was patron. The name is probably connected with that of
Matilda de Lens, who held one knight's fee (800 A.) from Ralph de
Saley tempo Edw. I. [Lens is phonetic for Lyons, as in the Derby
records, and there was therefore no "except.]"

The History of Banbury quotes an odd writ of 1330. "Sir John
de Lyons, summoned by quo warranto to show his claim of view of
frankpledge and weyf in the manor of Warkworth, pleaded proscrip-
tion, but acknowledged that neither he nor his ancestors had a pillory
for oilenders against the assize of bread, and that they punished
offenders against the assize of beer by amerciament, and not by tum-
bril, till the third offense. The view was taken into the King's hands,
and restored again for one-half mark."

The Derby family crossed into South Lancaster; but either as
younger sons, or at a time when the family had descended from its
proud estate. Many, however, were of the gentry class, and the name
is found in the list of lesser gentry to this day. The county might be
considered the Lyon stronghold in England, as they comprise .008
percent of the population. The published parish registers are of great
value, and show that the Lyons hare not removed from their original
position in the southern part. Southern York also received a few
settlers, and these also have not wandered far afield. In Lincoln, too,
the name appears, but they do not seem to have settled in this shire
until the 16th. century, possibly through the exchange of lands between
the Lord Mayor and the King. (vol. I., p. 17.).

On account of their importance, and for the significance of the
names, some of the Lancaster records are quoted, even though many
dates are subsequent to the colonial migration. The dates are not
here given in full, and names of females are for the most part omitt-
ed: —

Bury: lAlice, of John, bp. 1594; Henry, of Henry, bp. 1636.

"Walton: William, of Robert, bp. 1640; Thomas m. Margaret Plimp-
ton 1609.

Upholland: Abraham, of Henry, d. 1659; Charles, of George, bp.
1684; Peter, of George, bp. 1663; Thomas of Billing, d. 1678; Susanna,
of George, bp. 1677; other children of George; John, of Daniel of Bil-



THE LYONS OF ENGLAND 21

ling, bp. 1686; Thomas, of Robert of Orral, bp. 1661; Lydia, of Thomas
of Windle. b. 1674; John, of Robert of Orral, d. 1678; Ellen, of Richard
of Billing, bp. 1635; Margaret, of Daniel of Billing, bp. 1617; Susanna,
of Daniel, bp. 1621; Gilbert, of Daniel of Billing, bp. 1670.

Newchurch, Tulchuth: Henry of Peter, bp. 1654; Alice of Peter,
bp. 1656; John, of Richard, bp. 1691; Peter, of Richard, bp. 1694; Old
Roger, d. 1676; John, of Peter, d. 1684; Elizabeth, of Roger and Ann
Hynd, bp. 1633; Henry, of Richard, bp. 1631; Henry, bp. 1608; child
of Henry, d. 1607; Alin [Ellen ?] wife of Peter, d. 1682. See also Henry
Lyon, gent, of Prestwick, Thomas Lyon, gent, of Billing, and the con-
nection of Thomas Lyon and wife Margaret with the witch trials 1612.

Ormskirk: Ann, of George, bp. 1602; Mary, of James, bp. 1605;
Elizabeth, of James, bp. 1615; Thomas, of James, bp. 1618; Edward, of
Richard, bp. 1623; Ellen, of James, bp. 1613; Margaret of James, bp.
1607; Susan, of James, bp. 1609; Marierie, of Peter, bp. 1606; Thomas,
of John, bp. 1585; child of George, d, 1601.

Wigan: Edward, of Thomas of Rainforth, bp. 1580; Henry, b.
1605.

A few Lancaster Wills: Edward of Halewood, 1614; George of
Eccleston, 1606; Henry of Rainforth, 1614; Henry of Windle, 1582;
James of Rainforth, 1592; John of Eccleston, 1607; John of Halewood,
1598; John of Rainforth, 1614; John of Whiston, 1615; Robert of Wool-
ton, 1594; Robert of High Leigh, 1620; Thomas of Rainforth, 1603;
Thomas of Whiston, 1612; Daniel of Billing, 1627; David of Billing,
1627; Edward of Gansworth, 1633; Henry of Whiston, 1629; George of
Rainforth, 1640; George of Windle, 1629; Gilbert of Windle, 1622;
Josiah of Rainforth, 1628; Peter of Windle, 1647; Thomas of Windle,
1624; Thomas of Woolfall, 1625; William of Gansworth, 1646; William
of Woolfall, 1628.

The Lyons of Warwick, Bucks, Berks, and other Midland counties,
seem to be of Northampton origin. The Middlesex line is said by
Philippe to be of Essex stock, but this has been disproved by Mr.
Thornton in the Harrow School [vol. I., p. 12.]. Some importance
must be attached to the fact that most of the great schools of England
founded their seals upon the coat-of-arms of their founders, the Harrow
arms being based upon the arms of John Lyon of Preston, or the lion
rampant. He had lands in Hertford.

Here and there appear early Lyon representatives in various
counties; but these must be passed by; as also the various parish



22 THE LYONS OF ENGLAND

registers and other references of later years. A partial list is offered
here for the pleasure of the curious, Lipscomb's Buckingham; Chaun-
cey's and Clutterbuck's Hertford; Lyson's Environs of London; Famil-
iae Minorum Gentium; Misc. Genealogica et Heraldica; Herts Geneal-
ogist; Reitstap's Armorial General — for Lyon arms in France; York
"Wills; Lincoln Wills and Marriages; Northampton Wills; Parish
Registers of Leeds, York, Solihull, Warwick, Stratford-on-Avon
Moulton, Northampton, Ipswich, Suffolk, London Parishes.

The Lyon family lost, by gift or otherwise, their vast estates; but
they have tenaciously clung to their distinctive names. William occurs
as early as the second generation, and doubtless was bestowed in
honor of the Conqueror. Henry, Richard and John appear tempo Henry
n. and his sons, while the name Jeffrey (from Geoffrey of Normandy
or Geoffrey or Anjou) failed to survive. These four names persist in
every generation, and in any list far outnumber all others. The same
may be said of Peter or Piers, but chiefly in the northern counties; the
first mentioned being Peter de Leonibus of Derby, 12th century.
Thomas is nearly as ancient, and quite as persistent, and these two
quite likely owe their names to the apostles, or to intermarriage.
Edward made its advent with Edward I.; while Nicholas and Adam
are not popular today. George naturally does not occur till late, but
took a firm hold.

If one were to judge from family names, any or all of the immi-
grants might have come from any of the midland or adjacent counties
of England. The family of William of Roxbury claim Heston, Middle-
sex, as their home, and their claim appears good. Peter was most
surely not immediately related to William; there is nothing to show
that they were aware of each other's near presence. George was
quite surely of the same family as Peter. There is reason, too, to
believe that the first recorded George was the son of a prior immi-
grant who probably bore the same name.

Since the publication of vol. I., the Lancaster records have become
accessible, and they furnish strong presumptive evidence that Peter
and George were from that shire. Peter appeared at the time of the
Great Lancastrian Migration, when the first settlers of Dorchester
removed to Connecticut to make room for the flock of Richard Mather.
This eminent divine came with his following from that part of Lancas-
ter where the Lyon family was especially numerous, and where the
parish registers read almost as antecedent pages of the records of the



THE LYONS OF ENGLAND 21

First Church of Dorchester. A comparison of these old-world lists
with the List of Inhabitants in 1700 will show that nearly every name
in the latter has its counterpart in the former; and this is especially
true of those who were resident there during the middle of the 17th.
century. The evidence for a Lancastrian origin for Dorchester men ap-
pears very striking and almost conclusive.

The statement that the Connecticut families are of Scotch descent
seems to require the Scotch verdict "not proven." They are much more
likely to have been Lancastrian. There is presumptive evidence that
Thomas at least had some connection with the Lyons of near Boston,
and it may have been due to such connection that Thomas of "near
Boston/' who was killed in the Turner's Falls fight, has been con-
fused with Thomas of Fairfield; the biographer of the Thomas Lyon
Family should have something to say on that point. It is not at all
likely that the 17th century Lyons of the various counties of England
had knowledge of each other; while those of Lancaster and York
may have had a vague idea, and so have handed down the tradition,
that they were in some way related to the only Lyon family they knew
about — the noble family of Strathmore, which, indeed, had a common
origin with themselves. Moreover, the tradition that three Lyon
brothers were on guard at Whitehall, and witnessed the execution of
Charles I. very strongly militates against their being of Scottish
blood; for the strong feeling of suspicion and dislike which the Puritan
felt for the Scot at this time, and which culminated shortly afterward
at the battle of Worcester, must have caused, at such a momentous
time, some such order as "Put none but Ironsides on guard tonight."

Taking into consideration, then, all the data obtained at the
present time, it is the opinion of the compiler that the special arms
of Strathmore belong only to those descended from John of Glamis;
that the lion sejant or couchant belongs only to a special Essex family,
who appear also in southern England and in Ireland; that the lion
passant belongs only to the immediate family of Sir John, the Lord
Mayor; and that the original lion rampant, as borne in Norfolk, North-
ampton, and by John of Preston, is the common heritage of all the
first settlers who bore the Lyon name.

G. W. A. LYON.
2022 Diamond St., Philadelphia.

Aug. 19th, 1907.



THE EARLY LYON IMMIGRANTS TO AMERICA



For the benefit of readers of this volume who have not the com-
plete series of the Lyon Memorial, a brief synopsis is here given of the
facts connected with the transplanting to the New World of offshoots
from the English Lyon family.

In the list of passengers that embarked for "Barbadoes" in the
ship "Hopewell," Capt. Babb, February 12th, 1634, we find the name of
John Lyon, aged eighteen years. It has been suggested that this
was John, son of William and Anne (Carter) Lyon of Heston (now
part of London), England, but this is not probable, since that John was
baptized June 7, 1619, and so was probably not more than fifteen
years old at the date above mentioned, and since his father was buried
February 18, 1634, only six days after the sailing of the Hopewell.
The assumption had been that the lad had set out to seek his fortune
in a new country because he was left fatherless. It is, however, more
than possible that the John Lyon who embarked for the Barbadoes
1634 was the same John Lyon who was taxed in Marblehead Mass. in
1637, and who in 1638 gave his note for payment of money to George
Ching of Salem, Mass. We read that on 3. XI. 1644 (Jan. 3, 1645) John
Lyon, with some companions in Salem, was fined for drinking wine and
other offences. He was one of the proprietors of Salem 1649, and there
after disappears from history. It is not known whether he had a
family. No descendants are known, although there was a Lyon family
in Marblehead in after years whose origin has not been otherwise
accounted for. John Lyon, however, sold his property in Marblehead
in 1653 (Essex Deeds), and seems to have returned to England. See
memorial, Massachusetts Families, page 20.

The earliest Lyon immigrant of whom we have positive knowledge
was William Lyon, who came to Roxbury, Mass. in 1635 on the ship
"Hopewell," being then a lad of fourteen. He was from Heston,
youngest son of William and Anne (Carter) Lyon. He received a
grant of land in Roxbury in 1648 and acquired ultimately considerable
landed property there; in 1645 became a member of the Ancient and
Honorable Artillery Company of Roxbury; was made freeman in
1666 and died in 1692. He had interested himself in the new colony
at New Roxbury, now Woodstock, Conn., and that became the principal



EARLY LYON IMMIGRANTS 25

seat of the family in the eighteenth century, although the family was
also represented until after the Revolutionary War in Roxbury. In
the dispersal which followed, members of the family established them-
selves in Colerain, Mass. (these writing the name Lyons) and in
North Craftsbury, Vt. The family had also spread to Middleboro on
the south and Royalston and Gageboro on the west, and from Wood-
stock northward into other Massachusetts towns. In later years, of
course, there has been a wide dispersal of the family. Among the
more distinguished members of the family may be mentioned Caleb
Lyon, first territorial Governor of Idaho, and designer of the State seal
of California; William H. Lyon, Indian Commissioner under General



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