Albert Francis Blakeslee.

Trees in winter; their study, planting, care and identification online

. (page 21 of 31)
Online LibraryAlbert Francis BlakesleeTrees in winter; their study, planting, care and identification → online text (page 21 of 31)
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scar is surface-sectioned, 5 bundle-scars are evident.

BUDS — Small, 3-7 mm. long, narrowly ovate, pointed, light reddish-
brown, smooth or somewhat finely downy, slightly gummy especially
within, generally strongly divergent; terminal bud absent. BUD-SCALES
— in 4 ranks, about 8 scales visible, increasing in size from below
upwards, longitudinally striate if viewed toward light.

FRUIT — A small seed-like nutlet, enclosed in an inflated sac-like
veiny bract, long-hairy at base; the fruits aggregated together in a
hop-like cluster about 7 cm. long, with stalks often hairy, generally
falling before winter. Young staminate catkins abundantly present,
cylindrical, usually in 3's, their scales bristle-pointed.

COMPARISONS — The Hop Hornbeam from its general appearance and
bark character is sometimes mistaken for a young Elm. The scales of
the bark, however, are narrower and more flaky; the leaf-scars are
smaller and the bundle-scars are not sunken, the bud-scales are in 4
ranks and the staminate flowers are borne in catkins which are gener-
ally present on the tree in winter. For differences between the Hop
Hornbeam and the American Hornbeam, see under latter species.

DISTRIBUTION — In rather open woods and along highlands. Novi,
Scotia to Lake Superior, scattered throughout the whole country east of
the Mississippi, ranging through western Minnesota to Nebraska,
Kansas, Oklahoma, and Texas.

IN NEW ENGLAND — common in all parts.

WOOD — Strong, hard, tough, durable, light brown and tinged with
red or often nearly white, with thick pale sapwood of 40-50 layers of
annual growth, used for fence posts, levers, handles of tools, mallets and
other small articles.



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Online LibraryAlbert Francis BlakesleeTrees in winter; their study, planting, care and identification → online text (page 21 of 31)