Albert Francis Blakeslee.

Trees in winter; their study, planting, care and identification online

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Broom 272

Elm 328

Key to Species 203

Pignut 272

Shag-bark 186, 268, 270, 272

Shell-hark 268

Small-fruited 273

Swamp 274

White-heart 270

High Schools, Tree Study in . . 25

Hoary Alder 292

Holly 36, 46, 396

American 396

European 396

White 396



Home, location and adaptation 70

Honey Locust

9, 48, 79, 81, 173, 360, 382, 388

Shucks 382

Hoop Ash 330, 426

Hop Hornbeam ..46, 191, 276, 278

Hornbeam 278

American 100, 186, 191, 276, 278

Hop 46, 191, 276, 278

Seedling of 33

Horse Plum 372

Horse-chestnut ..38, 39, 41, 45, 79
80, 81, 96, 110, 153, 187, 188, 414

Hypsometer 21, 22

Identification of Trees 11, 183

Ilex:

Aquifolium 396

Opaca 396

Imported Elm-tree Borer 171

Indian Bean 428

Injuries, care of 136

Caused by gas and smoke ..124
Common to shade trees ....124

from careless driving 129

from horse bites 129

from improper pruning ....128
from improper soil conditions 132

from overhead wires 125

from regrading street 127

from wind and ice 132

Sources of 124

Insects :

Combatting, method of 150

Control, preventive measures

for 153

Enemies of 154

Handpicking of 151

Leaf-eating 155, 177

Shade tree 154

Spraying for 151

Sucking 166, 178

Trapping 151

Troubles 149

Insecticides 174, 177

Contact 175

Iron Oak 300

Ironwood 276, 278

Ivy, Poison 394

Jack Pine 191, 214

Japanese Plum 374

var. Red June 374

Judas Tree 384

Juglans :

cinerea 264

nigra 266

Juneberry 358

Juniper 46, 54, 222

Common 244, 246

Dwarf 244

Red 246



440



TREES IN WINTER



Juniperus :

communis _ 244

var. alpina 244

var. canadensis 244

var. depressa 244

nana 244

virginiana 246

Kentucky CofCee Tree

48, 79, 99, 187, 3S0, 390

Key, use of 192

to Genera and Species 195

Labrador Spruce 224

Lancewood 358

Landscape Picture 74

Larch 38, 48, 162, 201, 248

American 222

Black 222

European 222

Key to Species 201

Large-leaved :

Magnolia 207, 336, 338

Cucumher Tree 207

Umbrella Tree 207

Large-toothed Aspen 252, 254, 256

Larix 201

americana 222

decidua 222

exiropaea 222

Key to Species 201

laricini 222

Laurel Magnolia 207

Leaf Beetle 69, 80, 163

Leaf, Function of 35

Leaf-eating Insects 155, 177

Leaf-scars 187

Leopard Moth

153, 154, 171, 172, 173

Leverwood 276

Life of Tree 31

Lime 13, 416

Linden 66, 79, 80, 81, 296, 416

European 80, 416

Liquidambar 346

Styraciflua 346

Liriodendron Tulipifera 340

Location of the Home 70

Locust 45, 49, 51, 80, 153, 171, 388

Black 388

Bristly 388

Clammy 388

Common 48, 79, 81, 190, 382, 388

Honey

9, 48, 79, 81, 173, 360, 382, 388

Siveet 382

White 388

Yellow 388

Lombardy Poplar

...45, 79, 193, 254, 256, 260, 262
Madura pomif era 360



Magnolia 38, 45, 107, 110, 207, 340

acuminata 336

Chinese 336, 338

conspicua 336

glauca 207

Key to Species 207

Laurel 207

Large-leaved 207, 336, 338

macrophylla 207

Mountain 336

tripetala 338

Umbrella 338

virginiana 207

Mahogany 380

Maidenhair Tree 248

Malus Malus 352

Maple 27, 33, 46, 48, 66, 110

147, 153, 155, 158, 169, 171, 208

Ash-leaved 412

Bird's Eye -f . 402

Black 402

borer 150, 170

Bush 398, 418

Curly 402

Hard 402

Key to Species. 208

Leaf-stem Borer 162

Mountain 398, 400, 406, 418

Norway

78, 80, 93, 162, 406, 408, 410

Red 27, 50, 78, 80, 81

93, 189, 190, 191, 402, 404, 406

River 404

Rock 402

Silver 50, 78, 80, 81, 96

132, 143, 145, 191, 402, 404, 406

Soft 51, 404, 406

Striped 398, 400, 406, 418

Sugar 14, 15

16, 17, 27, 36, 48, 50, 78, 81, 122
125, 147, 162, 392, 402, 406, 410

Swamp '. 406

Sycamore

78, 80, 81, 162, 406, 408, 410

White 404, 406

Mazzard Cherry 368

Measurement of Tree 20

Mockernut 268, 270, 272

Moose Elm 322

Moosewood 398

Morello Cherry 370

Morus 206

alba 334

Key to Species 206

rubra 332

Mossy-cup Oak 302

Mountain :

Ash 46, 53, 170, 354

Magnolia 336

MoDle 398, 400, 406, 418



TREES IN" WINTER



441



Mourning Cloak Butterfly 162

Moving Large Trees 108

Mulberry . . •

46, 47, 49, 188, 189, 191, 206, 334

Key to Species 206

Red 9, 332, 334

Silkworm 334

White 332, 334

Municipal Control of Shade Trees . .

81

Name of Tree 183

Necklace Poplar 260

Negundo :

aceroides 412

Negundo 412

Nettle Tree 330

Nicker Tree 380

Northern Cork Elm 328

Northern Scrub Pine 214

Norway :

Maple ;

..78, 80, 93, 162, 406, 408, 410

Pine 216

Spruce 166, 226, 232

Nursery, Forest 47

Nyssa :

multifiora 420

sylvatica 420

Oak , 36, 43, 48, 51

66, 110, 134, 153, 155, 161, 173
186, 187, 191, 193, 204, 294, 296

Bear 308, 320

Black 186, 312, 316, 318

Black Scrub 320

Blue 304

Box White 300

Bur 33, 302, 346

Chestnut '. 306

Chestnut 79, 93, 306, 308, 310, 312

Chinquapin 308

Chinquapin 9, 298, 306, 308

Dwarf Chinquapin

■ 298, 306, 308, 320

English 133

Iron 300

Key to Species 204 '

Mossy-cup 302

Over-cup 302

Pin ..79, 80, 81, 93, 103, 110, 314

Post 36, 298, 300

Red 79, SO

81, 146, 296, 310, 312, 316, 318

Rock 310

Rock Chestnut 310

Scarlet

78, 80, 81, 312, 314, 316, 318

Scrub 308

Scrub Chestnut 308

Swamp 314



Oak (Continued)

Swamp "White

9, 184, 298, 304, 308

White 33, 48, 78,

81, 122, 186, 298, 300, 302, 304

Wood Block 42, 43

Yellow 306, 318

Yellow-barked 318

Ohio Buckeye 414

Oilnnt 264

Old- field Birch 286

Oriental Sycamore 133, 348

Osage Orange 360

Osier :

Golden 250

Ostrya virginiana 276

Over-cup Oak 302

Oyster-shell Scale 167, 168

Padus :

serotina 362

virginiana 364

Paper Birch 186, 282, 286, 288, 290

Parasites, control of 146

Parking strips 78

Parks 87

Artificial style 89

Natural type 87

Peach 55, 170, 177, 207, 378

Pear 53, 55, 58, 93, 157. 162

170, 184, 187, 188, 336, 350, 352

Dwarf 55

Standard^ 55

Peijperidge 183, 420

Permanent planting 79

Photography 18

Picea 201

Abies 232

alba 224

brevifolia 228

canadensis 224

excelsa 232

Key to Species 201

mariana 228

var. semiprostrata 228

menziessii 230

nigra 228

var. rubra 226

Parryana 230

pungens 230

rubens 226

rubra 226

Pie Cherry 370

Pigeon Cherry 366

Pignut 2G8, 272

Hickory 272

Pin Cherry 366

Oak 79, 80, 81, 93, 103, 110. 314

Pine 72, 191, 201, 248

Austrian 216, 218

Black 218



442



tr:^es in winter



Pine (Continued)

Gray 214

Hard 212

Jack 191, 214

Key to Species 201

Northern Scrub 214

Norway 216

Pitch 210, 212, 216

Red 210, 212, 216, 218

Scotch 214, 220

Soft 210

Spruce 214

Weymouth 210

White 36, 45, 48, 66, 67,

74, 134, 210, 212, 216, 220, 236

Yellow 212

Pinus 201

Banksiana 214

divaricata 214

Key to Species 201

Laricio, var. austriaca 218

resinosa 216

rigida 212

Strobus 210

sylvestris 220

Pitch Pine 210, 212, 216

Plane Tree 348

Planting of Trees 31, 102, 105

Back yard 93

Board 107, 108

Conservaton of scenery .... 61

Filling- in 107

For winter effect 72

In cities 75

In rural districts 61

In towns 75

Making the hole 107

Park system 62

Permanent 79

Plan 72, 90, 94

Roadside 68

Seeds 50

Street trees 105

Suggestions for city home ... 89

Temporary 79

Time of 106

Plant Lice 150, 166, 175

Platanus :

occidentalis 348

orientalis 348

Plowrightia morbosa 364

Plum 49, 53, 55, 170, 207, 364

American 372, 374

var. Gold 374

Canada 372, 374

Cultivated 374

European 374

var. Lombard 374

Horse 372



PlumContinued)

Japanese 374

var. Red June 374

Key to Species 207

Red 372

Wild 372

Poetry, tree study in relation to 13

Poison :

Dogwood 394

Elder 394

Ivy 394

Sumach 186, 392, 394

Poplar 36, 41, 45, 47, 48, 50, 53

103, 110, 122, 132, 134, 162, 171
184, 187, 188, 191, 202, 254, 256

Balsam 100, 254, 256, 238

Birch 2 86

Carolina

9, 41, 46, 79, 80, 96, 153, 188

189, 190, 193, 254, 256, 260, 262

Downy Poplar 202

Key to Species 202

Lombardy

45, 79, 193, 254, 256, 260, 262

Necklace 260

Silver 252, 254, 256

Silver-leaf 252

White 252

Yellow 340

Popple 254, 256

Populus 202

alba 232

balsamif era 258

canadensis 260

candicans 258

deltoides 260

dilatata 262

fastigiata 262

grandidentata 256

heterophylla 202

Key to Species 202

monilifera 260

nigra, var. italica 262

pyramidalis 262

tremuloides 254

Post Oak 36, 298, 300

Poverty Birch 286

Propagation 46

by budding 58

by cuttings 53

by graftage 55, 56

from seeds 46

nature's way 46

Pruning :

Before planting 103

Shade trees 116

Time of 118

Tools 121

Prunus 186, 207, 372

americana .... 374



TREES IN WINTER



443



Prunus (Continued)

'V(/-. nigra 372

avium 368

Cerasus 370

domestica 374

Key to Species 207

nigra 372

pennsylvanica 366

Persica 378

serotina 362

triflora 374

virginiana .364

Pseudotsuga :

Douglasii 234

mucronata 234

taxif olia 234

Public Squares 87

Artificial Style 89

Puddling- 102

Pja-us :

americana 354

Aucuparia 354

communis 350

cydonia 356

Malus 352

sitchensis 354

Qicaking Aspen 254

Quercitron 318

Quercus 204

acuminata 306

alba 298

bicolor 304

coccinea 316

var. tinctoria 318

ilicifolia 320

Key to Species 204

macrocarpa 302

minor 300

Muhlenbergii 306

nana 320

obtusiloba 300

palustris 314

pedunculata 133

platanoicles 304

prinoides 308

var. rufescens 308

Prinus 310

pumila 320

rubra 312

stellata 300

tinctoria 318

velutina 318

Quince 55, 356

Red:

Ash 424

Birch 282, 284

Cedar 240, 244, 246

Elm 322

Fir 234

Gum 346

Juniper 246



Red (Continued)

Maple 27, 50, 78, 80, 81

93, 189, 190, 191, 402, 404, 406

Mulberry 9, 332, 334

Oak 79, 80

81, 146, 296, 310, 312, 316, 318

Pine 210, 212, 216, 218

Plum 372

-Spruce 224, 226, 228, 236

Redbud 384

Redwood 133

Renovation of trees 133

Reproduction 45

Rhus 208

copallina 3!>2

glabra 392

hirta 392

Key to Species 208

Toxicodendron 394

typhina 392

venenata 394

Vernix 394

River:

Ash 424

Birch 50, 284

Maple 404

Robinia :

hispida 388

Pseudo- Acacia 388

viscosa 388

Rock :

Chestnut Oak 310

Elm 328

Ma2)le 402

Oak 310

Root 33

Rowan Tree 354

Rum Cherry 362

Salisburia adiantifolia 248

Salix :

alba 250

var. vitellina 250

babylonica 250

nigra 250

vitellina 250

San Jose Scale

150, 154, 167, 168, 170

Sassafras 9, 46,' 186, 343

officinale 342

Sassafras 342

variifolium 342

Savin 246

Saw-flies 162

Scale insects 150, 167, 168. 176, 177

Scarlet Oak

78, 80. 81, 312, 314. 316, 318

Scenery, conservation of 61

Scotch :

Fir 220

Pine 214, 220



444



TREES IN WINTER



Scrub :

Oak 308

Chestnut Oak 308

Scurfy scale 167

Seed:

Collecting- 47

Planting- 50

Propagation from 46

Storing 48

Testing 49

Vitality of 49

Seedlings, care of 51

Sequoia gigantea 133

Service :

Berry 358

Tree 354

Setting the tree 106

Shad Bush 46, 338

Shadblow 358

Shade Tree :

Insects 154

Municipal control of 81

Shag-Bark Hickory

186, 268, 270, 272

Shell-bark Hickory 268

Shrubs 71

Sign-boards 63

Silkivorni Mulberry 334

Silver :

Birch 282

Maple . .50, 78, 80, 81, 96,

132, 143, 145, 191, 402, 404, 406

Poplar 232, 254, 256

Spruce 230

Silver-leaf Poplar 252

Skunk Spruce 224

Slippery Elm 322, 326, 328

Slugs 162

Small White Birch 286

Small-fruited Hickory 272

Small-toothed Aspen

190, 252, 254, 256, 258

Smooth :

Alder 292

Sumach 390, 392

Soft:

Maple 51, 404, 406

Pine 2L0

Soil:

Improving condition of 114

Injuries from improper condi-
tions 132

Need of humus in 114

Sorbus americana 354

Sour:

Cherry ..184, 362, 364, 368, 370

Gum 183, 420

Speckled Alder 292

Spiney Elm Caterpillar 162



Spraying 174, 177

for insects 151

machinery 178

Spring Canker Worm 157

Spruce

33, 54, 72, 2,01, 214, 236, 238, 248

Black 101, 166

216, 222, 224, 226, 228, 236, 242

Blue 166, 224, 226, 230

Bog 228

Cat 224

Colorado Blue 230

Double 228

Douglas 234

Gall Louse 166, 167

Hemlock 238

Key to Species 201

Labrador 224

Norway 166, 226, 232

Pine 214

Red 224, 226, 228, 23^

Silver 230

Skunk 224

Swamp 228

Water 228

White 166, 224, 226

Staghorn Sumach 390, 392

Stakes 110

Staking the ground for trees ..106

young trees 110

Standard Pear 55

Stem of Tree 38

Stomach poisons 174

Storing seeds 48

Street planting suggestions .... 76
Striped Maple ..398, 400, 406, 418

Structure of tree 31

Study of tree 11

Suburban lot 92

Sucking-insects 166, 178

Sugar :

Berry 330

Maple 14, 15

16, 17, 27, 36, 48, 50, 78, 81, 122
125, 147, 162, 392, 402, 406, 410

Sumach 208, 392, 394

Chinese 390

Dwarf 392

Key to Species 208

Poison 186, 392 394

Smooth 390, 392

Staghorn 390, 392

Swamp 394

Surgery, Tree 134, 140

Swamp :

Ash 426

Bay . 207

Hickory 274

Maple 406



TREES 11^ WINTER



445



Swamp (Continued)

Oak 314

Spruce 228

Sumach 394

White Oak 9, 184, 298, 304^ 308
Sweet :

Bay 307, 336, 338

Birch 280

Buckeye 414

Cherry

69, 184, 362, 364, 368, 370

Gum 79, 80, 153, 346

Locust 382

Sycamore ..46, 47, 48, 66, 78, 80, 81
133, 134, 153, 173, 186, 188, 348

Maple

78, 80, 81, 162, 406, 408, 410

Oriental 133, 348

Tacamahac 258

Tamarack 222

Tar-spot disease 147

TaxocHum mucronatum 133

Temporary planting 79

Tent-caterpillar 151, 163, 164

Forest 163

Thorn 360

Api)le 360

Cockspur 360

Tree 382

White 360

Three-thorned Acacia 382

Thuja occidentalis 243

Tilia:

americana 416

Michauxii 416

vulgaris 416

Toothache Tree 388

Transplanting ; 52

Trapping insects 151

Tree of Heaven 390

Trees :

Adaptation to home



Online LibraryAlbert Francis BlakesleeTrees in winter; their study, planting, care and identification → online text (page 31 of 31)