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Albert J. (Albert Joseph) Edmunds.

Buddhist & Christian gospels. Being gospel parallels from Pali texts [reprinted with additions] now first compared from the originals online

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BUDDHIST & CHRISTIAN GOSPELS



Now First Compared
from the Orifrinals



By Albert J. Edmunds

Honorary Member and American Representative of the International
Buddhist Society of Raiigun



Edited with Parallels and Notes
from the Chinese Buddhist Tripitaka



By M. Anesaki

Professor of the Science of ReHgion in the Imperial University of TGkyS

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BUDDHIST & CHRISTIAN GOSPELS



BEING GOSPEL PARAL-
LELS FROM PALI TEXTS



Now First Compared
from the On'oinals

By Albert J. Edmunds

Itoii .raiy Member and American Representative of the International Buddhist Society

of Rangun, Translator of the Dhammapada, the Buddhist Genesis, i tc.

Member of the Oriental Society of Philadelphia



THIRD AND COMPLETE EDITION



Edited with Tarallels and Notes
from the Chinese Duddhist Tripitaka



By M. Anesaki

Professor of the Science of Religion in the Imperial University of 'Irky




TOK Y O

THE YUHOKWAN PUBLISHING HOUSP

190S.






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DEDICATED

To my Old & True Friend

John Y. W. MaoAlister



of Londor^.



ir>8519



Preface to the First Edition (1902).



Orientalists are aware that a series of trauslatious entitled
Gospel Parallels from Pali Texts appeared in The Open Court of
Chicago in 1900 and 1901, following npon the translation of the
Canonical Buddhist Nativity legend, which appeared in 1898,
These Parallels have aroused the interest of NeAv Testament
scholars, like llendel Harris and Caspar Gregory, and it is
proposed to reprint them, with additions and historical introduc-
tion, in hook form.

An excellent l)il)liogTaphy (jf former attempts to compare
Christianity and Buddhism will he found in The Dhamrna of
Gotama the Buddha and the Gospel of Jesus the Christ, by
Charles Francis Aiken, (Boston, 1900, p. oo9). From this it
appears that one of the first to institute such comparison was
the well-known German New Testament scholar, Hilgenfeld, in
1867. The first systematic treatise by an English scholar was
(Jhristlanltii and Buddhism Compared, by Bobei-t Spence Hardy
(Colombo, 1874) ; while the standard works upon the whole
subject are two in German by Rudolph Seydel, in 1882 and
1884.

It is l)elieved, however, that our present work is the first
comparison made from the Pali texts themselves. Even Speuce
Hardy did not know Pali, Init Singhalese, and relied upon
medieval Ceylon treatises, in which text and commentary are
confused. He made some use, however, of a pcjrtion of the Pfdi
Canon which was translated to him l)y an ex-monk in Ceylon.
But Sej'del had to rely upon the small fraction of the Canon
wliich had been translated in his time. His son, P. M. Seydel,
edited a posthumous w^ork of his father's in 1897 ; but it still
represented the learning of the Eighties. Moreover the Seydels
include translations from the Chinese and other post-Christian
Buddhist versions alongside of the pre-Christian Pali. Our
present work is the first attempt to compare the Buddhist Pali
with the Christian Greek. Many of our translations in The
Open Court appeared there for the first time in English,
especially from the Enimciations, the Logia Book, and the
Middling and Numerical Collections.



[ 3J 3

OuY l>(X)k Avill cover some three liundred pipjes, siiul as
puhlicatioii may Ix- (Irlnyed, tlie student is presented with the
followiu'!: outh'nc.



Preface to the Second Edition.



Our first edition, ])rinted in 1902, was merely a KJ-page
ahstrac-t of the Avhole Avork. The ])resent edition is also
fragmentary, except that the section dealing with the ]3octrine
of the Lord is printed in full. The ])ul)lication of histori(!al
works is very difficult in this age of ephemera. The only
genuine publishers ai'e governments, universities and learned
societies, together with a very few commercial firms that have
men of leai'uing at their liead. Not having any influence with
the first three, and having sought in vain to find the last or at
least to enlist their co-ope]-ati(^n, I am compelled to print
piecemeal what my funds will permit.

But while the commercial world ignores a -s\-oik of research,
scholars accord it recognition. T. W. llhys Davids, of Lomhm,
in an ai-ticle entitled " Buddhism aiid Christianity," in The
lafcruaUoiial Quarterhj foi- lOOl), has called public attention to
my book in the following words. Speaking of the ]iremature
w( )rk of Se^'del, he says :

"■ We shall soon see. An American schohir, Mr. ] out a. case for him
by using him Avhere there is no need, ^ly use of the Acts.
Epistles and Apocaly])S(> has been sparing, my aim licing to
y no nieans agreeing with all tlieir
conclusions.

Then I have made use of those scholai's who have traced
the course of Indian connnunications with the west : Robertson,
Claudius Buchanan, Lassen, Beinaud, Priaulx, John Davies,
Birdw(jod, Hopkins and D'Alviella. Nor must I forget the debt
I owe to the London Pfdi Text Society, but f !\ iisnl
with iliscriniiiiatiuii.



Frederick Dawson Stoue, late Librarian of tlie Historical Society
of Peimsylvania, but for whom this work could never have been
done. M}^ father generously allowed nie to folloAV my bent,
while it was Dr. Stone who endowed me with TIME, Avliich is
dearer to the scholar than lucre, dearer even than life. In
garret or in library, my studies have been pursued amid all the
vicissitudes of a quarter of a centiuy of human existence. I
have often been at sea in my investigations, not knowing
whither I was sailing ; but the Gospels, Christian and Buddhist,
have been my guiding-star, and the study of them my ruling
passion; while such men as Frederick Stone have made it
possible for me to study at all, or even to live. Finally, my
motto has been : BUY THE TRUTH AND SELL IT NOT.

Albert J. Ediniinds.

li:sf(irir


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Online LibraryAlbert J. (Albert Joseph) EdmundsBuddhist & Christian gospels. Being gospel parallels from Pali texts [reprinted with additions] now first compared from the originals → online text (page 1 of 21)