Alexander Harkavy.

Students' Hebrew and Chaldee dictionary to the Old Testament online

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when in the street I establish my
seat Jb.29,7; nnjJD'?^ nniK ]>2Qb
to establish it and to support it
(of a kingdom) Is.9,6; ntt'^D psns
D^3n'1 when Rehoboam estab-
lished the kingdom 2Chr. 12, 1;
hence also: to constitute, to ap-
point ri^ab ;■: i^''3n the Lord had
constituted him king 2S.5,12; inf.
]3n as adv.: firm ... Q''Jd3D ^IPJ^I
|3n and the priests stood... firm
Jos.3,17.— 2) to set, to fix nHjiSHJ



i'ls



288



ni5



n''^f< ^'AfilS and set thy face
against it Ez.4,3; with iS "• to set
or apply one's heart nrit^ DN
7\3h nij""?:! if thou set (apply)
thy heart Jb.11,13; iJ^!? PJH K^tS?
Ezra had applied his heart Bzr.
7,10.— 3) to prepare nil V- V^^-
the Lord hath prepared a sacri-
fice Zph.1,7; n&O^ f:i5a pDR she
prepareth (provideth) her meat
in the summer Pr.6,8; \^p!l Sb)
A]?"''/.! he hath also prepared
for him the instruments of death
Ps.7,14; TlS l^ni. avion stand fast
and prepare thee Jer. 46,14.

Eoph. pin {pt. I^ID) 1) to be
established MB? ngns ]aim. and
in mercy shall the throne be
established Is. 16,5. — 2) to be
prepared ]3in ^^t2^ for the king
it is prepared Is.30,33; pin DID
npnjjp Di^b the horse is prepared
for the day of battle Pr.21,31.

sahp. lAisnn, |p;3n (/«<. p.isn; ,

\X'^]) 1) to be established nj|in
]SrVVi Tiy p;305 let the city of
Sihon be built and established

Num.2i,27;njijn3i rT'S nj^i nDsna

]Ji3n'' through wisdom is a house
built, and by understanding it is
established Pr.24,3.— 2) to pre-
pare oneself IJiiaH p'ST \yf^h^
without fault [of mine] they run
and prepare themselves Ps.59,5.

1^3 n. pr. n. a city in Syria IChr.

18,8 = •'Hna 2S.8,8.

j!l3 (from \\'2 , Pi. ] J.3 , Ch. ] 3.3 to



prepare; pi. D''ll13) m. cake,
wafer (for offerings) Jer.7,18.
Dli (akin to nD3) to roll up, to be
round.

Dl3 1, (pi- riiD3) f. cup n\s'^D niy^3J

riiobl I."!! goblets full of wine and
cups' Jer.35,5; KffJ DiJ^IU': Di3 the
cup of [thanksgiving for his]
salvation will I lift up Ps.ll6,
13; iig. portion, lot "l3y.,3 t]''.Sa D^
Di3 also unto thee shall the cup
pass (i. e. also thou shalt re-
ceive thy portion) Lam.2l,5; nni
0013 njr? nlsySj and a glowing
wind is the portion of their cup
Ps. 11,6; ;■: ]''?': 013 rjiij^ Jion the
cup (i. e. the doom) of the Lord's
right hand shall be turned unto
thee Hab.5^,16; of a happy lot:
i^^J"! ''piSmy cuprunnethover23,
5; of divine punishment: iiinn 013
the cup of his (God's) fury is.
51,17; n';^."ir!n Di3 the cup of
trembling ((jr confusion) Is. ib.;
npp?>1 ns^ 013 the cup of astonish-
ment and desolation Bz. 23,33.
DiSw.an unclean bird, the cormorant
or pelican Lev.11,17, go called
from the pouch under his throat
(conip. D''3).

y\2 (= ni3) to dig out, to hollow,
hence ni>3, 113.

"n^lS m. furnace, crucible fjDS r]1fir!3
113 nin^ as silver is melted in
a furnace Ez.22,22; fig. T]''ri"in3
"'iV 'IID? I have tried thee in the
crucible of affliction Is.48,10) of
Egypt as the place of bondage-



1T3



289



jaT3



"^.niD 1^3 the iron furnace Deufc.

4,20.
nl3 see i^.
|K*S?"113 i'»'. w. a city in Simeon

IS.30,30; elsewhere |B?S;, which

see.
52^113 see ti*53.

g?!|3 pr. n. 1) son of Ham Gen. 10,6,
ancestor of the Ethiopians. —
a) Ethiopia Is.18,1.— 5) a Ben-
jaraite at the court of Saul Ps.7,1.

^B-'Ha m. 1) gent, from tri3 2, an
Ethiopian; f. n''B*13 Num. 12,1; ^jJ.m.
D^;ti'13, D''a>13 Am.9,7; 2Chr.21,
16.— 2)pr. n. father of the prophet
Zephaniah Zph.1,1.

^aj^3 = ti'^S pr. n. Ethiopia Hab.3,7.

QTiya*'! W^2 pr- n. king of Meso-
potamia Jud.3,8.
mSi'lS (only pi. ni-||-i3) f. pros-

TT

perity, happiness D''"l''pK N'^SID
nina'isa he bringeth out those
who are bound unto happiness Ps.
68,7 (Eng. Bible: he bringeth out
those whichare bound withchains).

ri^3 a. nm3 pr. n. a district of
Assyria, whose inhabitants were
brought by Shalmaneser into
Samaria where they amalgamated
with the ancient inhabitants and
formed the Samaritan people 2K.
17,24 a. 30; whence the latter are
called by the Talmudists D'';i13 .

mnl'S see ni03.



yt2 to lie, to speak falsehood; Km
only pt. its Ps.ll6,ll.

Niph. 3]3J to be proved false,
to be deceivea n|lt?J ^ph^\^^^\ his
hope is proved false (is vain) Jb,
41,1; of a man: to be found a
liar n^pjl 7)3 ni?ii-|g lest he re-
prove thee, and thou be found a
liar Pr.30,6.

Pi. in (fut in) ; inf. ij.3) to
lie, to deceive, to be false 11?
ini iih CJlDK a faithful witness
will not lie Pr.14,5; -Uni D:itr'pi1
'h and they lied unto him (de-
ceive him) with their tongues Ps.
78,36; fig. of waters which dry up,
thus deceiving the hope ot the
traveller: U?3r«'7 "if^. dl? NV'Oil
VD'^D and ifke a spring of water,
whose waters never deceive (i. e.
never fail) Is.58,11 (comp. inX).

Hiph, inan (fut. i-'n:) to make
or prove one d liar ^Ji\t51 ''P
in^a ^ah W'Sfl who win make

• T • - : • t:

me a liar, and render as nought
my word Jb. 24,25.

3T3 (pi. ci''in , c. liji , sf onnr?:'

JM. lie, falsehood, deceit i|3 1i1
to speak lies Dan.ll,27;n''i;3 JV^T",
to utter lies Pr.6,19; in"'ni1 words
of deceit, lying words 30.8; DDj?!!
an lying divination Ez.13,7; trV
it| a nan of deceit, a liar Pr.l9,
22; nntl ng'7 food of deceit, de-
ceitful food 29,3; fig. of idols Am,
2,4.
{^^T3 pr- n. a place in Judah iChr.
4,22 =i''r3 a, 3''l?«, which see



"212



290



&*n3



''212 pr. n. f. Num.2o,15.
2''12 pr. n. a place in Judah Gen.
38,5 = Naf3 a. aniiK , which see.
no to be hard, cruel, whence ^j?^? .

n*3 , ni-, (sf. "ri^ , ^ins) m. l) strength,

- I I

might, power Jb.6,lli Jud.16,6;
ris n^y to retain (i. e. to have)
strength Dan. 10,8; n3"N'7 power-
less, he that is without strength
Jb.26,2; fig. of the produce of the
earth.-Gen.4,12.- ^; ability QS l-i^l
fina niDi?7 and we are not able
to stand without Ezr. 10, 13. —
3) wealth, riches Dnf. ^J^SK^r]?
TjnS lest strangers be filled with
thy wealth Pr.5,l0.
ins to efface, to destroy (Kal not
used).

Niph. nn^j (fwt. nn|v, pt. f.

n^n?3 , fl. i-iiinaJ) l) to'^hlde one-
self,' to be hid, with |P : IjT SdI
Tl.^T^n ]D inarN^ no matter is hid
from the king 28.18,13; nD?rN'7
"l'|a ''?V^ my substance was not
hid from thee Ps.139,15.— 2) to
disappear, to be destroyed, cut
off f 'n¥?"lP ^.n3rn and thou Shalt
be cut off from the earth Ex.9,15;
inari ninjin she that is to be
destroyed, let her be destroyed
7.ch.ll,9.

Pi. nn? (fut. nnap i) to hide,

to conceal ia'T.''3ai:'nn5n '7Khide
nothing from me Jer.38,14.— 2) to
deny, to disown ''^m ifinn? vh
K>'1[P I have not denied the words
of the holy one Jb.6,10.



inf. n^nSH) 1) to hide, to conceal

ijltr^ nnn niTnp^ he will conceal

it under his tongue Jb.20,12. -

2) to cut off, to destroy TTlDnS

T'Dtt'llT"! to cut off and to destroy

IK. 13, k; "'Up DTIIDJ let us cut

them off from being a nation

Pa. 83, 5.

<7n3 (='70n) to paint Tl.TS ^iOI

thou paintedst thine eyes Ez.23,40.

^T\2 to lie J fig. to fail, . to waste

away IPf D B^na n.B>3 my flesh

falleth of fatness Ps. 109, 24.

Niyh. fut. m^l to feign, to flat-
ter ril 7['yi< Wn|^ thine enemies
shall flatter thee Deut. 33,29.

Pi. trns (fut. ti'na) ; inf. 2>n5)
i; to deny, with 3: IIDN"! ^''3 1B>n3
^t1^"N^7 they have denied the Lord
and said. It is not he Jer.5,12;
pl^S? iiT'DSJ.a C'n31_ and he deny
to his neighbor as to a deposit
Lev. 5,21. — 2) to lie, to deceive
iS 2>n5 he lied unto him IK.13,18;

^.05 'Vjd7 1^^ niiK iiraS: nSi

neither shall they wear a hairy
garment in order to deceive Zch,
13,4; fig. nrnB>l?I2 tl'n|) the labor
of the olive deceiveth (i. e. fail-
eth)Hab.3,17; n| ^r\y triTJ:)! and
the new wine shall deceive her
Hos.9,2.— 3) to submit oneself,
to flatter '''?"1tl>nD^ 1$.A"\-3? the
strangers shall submit themselves
(utter flattery) unto me Ps. 18,45.

mthp. B>n3ori {fut. tJ^njn;) same

as Niph a. Ft. 5, to submit one-



291



'3



self, to flatter ''h IC'nSn"' 13i ''J3
the strangers shall submit them-
selves unto me 28.22,45 (corap,
Ps.18,45).

27113 {sf. •'tJ'ni ; pi n''pti^ , c. ■'ceni)
1) lying, deceit DH?? ^U5^ ''P^P
Bphraim encompasseth me about
with lying Ho8.12,l; "ns D^^^S
^0? ye have eaten the fruit of
deceit 10,13; pi. sf. nn\t?n3| 7,3.-
.s; leanness D p^^.n^nSy"? "'JDapni
n;i?.i''iEa lu'na ^.j thou hastfl'iied

me with wrinkles, which is a wit-
ness against me; my loamess ris-
eth up in me and testifleth to my
face Jb.16,8 (Vulgate: my wrinkles
testify against me, and he that
speaketh lies riseth against me,
contradicting me to my face).

tynS adj- lying, false; only pi. D''j3
QTn| lying children Is.30,9.

""S I. (for ''13 , from rn|) m. mark
burnt in, burning, burn DDD ''3
"i^i^ burning instead of beauty
Is.3,24.

'3 II. com/. 1) for, because KTN'nS
"iniBV nri«-''3 yn I win fear no
evil, for thou art with me Ps.
23,4; ntJt D^¥'V ''? because thou
hast done this Gen.3,14; T\Q^\ 7\i ''5
for to thee doth it appertain Jer.
10,7.— 2) that aitD-''? O'^i^hii. K "^ n
and God saw that it .was good

Gen.1,10; rij;ir''§ ri?.^. ^? ^?J« •'9

who am I, that I should go unto
Pharaoh? Bx.3,11.— 3) but Hh

n\';;i':Kn ''3 ...DriN not you..., but



God Qen.45,8; JTi?!?? ''? «'' nay,
but thou didst laugh 18, 15. —
4) as ...NDS-'??; DlD - p^b' '3
^?1.r':'y "'nn pVs as I pour water
upon the thirsty..., [so] will I pour
my spirit upon thy seed Is.44,3;

n'':3 'ni'75?3'' nhn3 mna brri-'-'S

t'TT It;" t : T - ; •

as a young man marrieth a virgin,
[so] shall thy sons marry thee
62,5; it sometimes corresponds
with 1 or |3 : 3i-|3 DiSnn K| ^3
D'<^3■^ aia biD3 ' h'lp) j;JV as a
dream cometk through the mul-
titude of business, so a fool's
voice is known by the multitude
of words Ec.5,2; n\m in3ri3
Q2''31.1D "'3-;n. in3^ |3 ^'n«a as the
heavens are higher than the
earth, so are my ways higher
than your ways Is.55,9.— S) when,

if nn c]ph KVnoT.«n n^ "j35;n ""s

717 nns when thou tillest the

It t

ground, it shall not henceforth
yield unto thee its strength Gen.
4,12; ifiVy ^'73 ''^ilf Ip.Q '3 when I
kept silence, my bones wasted
away Ps.32,3. — 6) even when,
even if, though, although X'?!

anj: 13 n^;?!!'':? ^1^. tiit n\'ib« nni

Kin God led them not the way of
the land of the Philistines, al-
though that was near Ex. 13,17;
in this sense also in Gen.48,14.—
With the interrogative particle
, ''3 emphasises the interroga-
tion: ■'{TICK ■'30 is it that I said ?
(did I say?) Jb.6,22; niy-B*J ''jn
in'ij IK'S is there yet any that
is left? 28.9,1; sometimes negative



DN ''3



292 t]5"'3



ly, where an affirmative answer is

expected:apyiiDB> Nni^''?nis nothe
rightly named Jacob? G6n.27,36. —
■'Sis frequently subjoined to othre
particles, thus: i3 ]!?:, 15 "71? on
this account that, because,' ''3"1SJ
until that, until: i3 :3pi? , ^^ nnn
for the reason that, because. For
DN ''5 see in its order below; ''3
|3 h'J see under || ; ''5 ^N , ''5 DfK
see under f]N , DSN' .

DS '3 a compound particle ex-
pressing the following meanings:
1) but ^3 TlDB* nij? IDN''. ipSJl N*?
'rN";2>;-DK tliy name shall" be
called no more Jacob, but Israel
Gen.32,29; L^Sr r\)r}\ ^^S"^^ •'? tih
nay, but we will have a king
over us IS.8.19; ;■: iTlina-QN 1?
iVSn but his delight is in the
law of the Lord Ps.1,2.— 2) ex-
cept, unless -DN ''3 ^nhm n"?
ijriD'IS I will not let thee go,
except thou bless me Gen. 32,27. —
3) that Vinx •'riVl'DS* ^3 ;i ^D as
the Lord liveth, [that] I will run
after him 2K.5,20; so also in Jer.
5,14.— 4) if tl'Of n Ni3 V.s'p-QN "i3
nD1«l?-'-3 IN Dp? D^m if I taste
bread, or ought else, till the sun
set 28.3,35.— Where D« belongs
to adependentclause, each particle
retains its own meaning, as in
the following passages: "DK "i?

n^^ni ni5 mm r\V2 i?>'''in.Pi B*nnn
ini< bipsi? niTn^5 iDv: for, "if

thou hold thy. peace at this time,
enlargemenf and delivery shall



arise to the Jews from another
place Est.4,14i "0^! ^3 IJ^^W ^^;

Dps' ''pj Dr''3 ''nx Dfis*n''npp

n?''?!? D''Jnj know ye that, if ye
put me to death, ye shall bring
innocent blood upon yourselves
Jer.26,15; nn"!! HJiH DK ''3 but if
(though) he cause grief, yet will
he have compassion Lam. 3,32.
y^ m. destruction Jb.21,20.

TIT'S w. spark tJ*X ''HiT'S sparks
of flre Jb.41,11.

P'"I"'3 m. 1) spear, javelin Jer.6,23;
50,42.— 2) IT'S I j.3 pr. n. a place
between Jerusalem and D^'1^'; nnp
lChr.13,9 = |bj in'JI 28,6,6.'^'

*TJT5 m. warlike tumult, war Jb.

15,24.
n^2 pf- «• name of a heathen deity

(ace, some the planet 8aturn)

Am,5,26.

11'3, 1'3 {pi. D^"'?, ni1>3) m.
1) basin, wash-basin, laver Ex.
31,9; W 1i»3 flre-pan Zch. 12, 6
(Eng. Bible: torch of flre).— 2) plat-
form, scaffold (in the temple)
2Chr.6,13.

v''3 a. ^?3 m. churl, niggard,
miser S?itr nDft;. nS 'b^dl^ and the
niggard shall not be said to be
bountiful Is,32,5; D^i-I li'73 ''Ssi
the instruments of the niggard
(others: deceiver) are evil v. 7.

t]^''3 (from t]'?3) only ^J. nisSiS
sledge-hammers, axes Ps.74,6.



no^3



293



bs



nCS (from DIO) prop, a heap,
hence: the Pleiades, a group of
seven large stars closely clustered
with smaller ones Am.5,8; Jb.9,9
a. 38,31.

^3 m. purse, bag for money 18.46,
6; Pr.1,14; also a bag used by
merchants to curry their weights
Deut.25,13, whence D''? \4?K Pr.
16,11.

^i^ »*• only du. DH''? hearth, cook-
ing-furnace Lev. 11,85.

Ti5J,*''3 m. distaff (others: spindle)
Pr.31,19.

"33 (= il3) adv. so, thus Bx.12.11;

TIT

Bst.6,9.

1,33 (from niD ; c. 133 ; du. QJIIS ;
^pl. D^"!|3, c. "il?? a. nil|i5, c.
^^^^^) «. prop, a circle, hence:
ij circuit, district, surroundings
]'7!TjJ "I5? the surroundings (Bng.
Bible: the plain) of the Jordan
Gen. 14,10. — 3) round loaf, cake
DnS 1|5 a round loaf of bread
Ex.29,23.— 3) round weight, tal-
ent (=3,000 shekels) ^103 133 a
talent of silver 2K.5,22; nigV 133
a talent of lead Zch.5,7.

^3 (from "^b; "'73; sf. ^, 1J^ ,
D3^3, n^l a. once Dn^|i'2S.23,5,

/•.'ll? , njii , once mnfi iK.7,37)

prop, a n. the whole, totality,
hence: 1) adj. all, whole ^before s
noun with def. art., or a noun
in the construct state, or a noun
with sf., or a proper name) Di?v"'73
all the people Gen. 19, 4; ns?"^|



f IKH all the people of the land
2K.11,18; ia??-'?! all his people
Ex.1,22; '7N'li?>^. hs all Israel Deut.
31,12; with 'sf. i-!? he is alto-
gether 5,16; n^l it 'is all Gen.l3,
10; ?1^5 thou art all Cant.4,7, etc.;
n^Jin ^^ i^5 thou Shalt not see
the whole of it Num.23,13; some-
times wilh sf. after a noun i?? DJjn
Is. 9, 8; DD^I ^4?> r^"'? '^?^-5? 'he
wicked are all of them as thorns
thrust away 2 S. 23,6; D:iJ "'3'?0-'?|>
D?3 all the kings of the nations Is.
14, 18; concretely: all '7b-"''?-B>:. I
have all Gen. 33, U-, "72 ]''» B>i?'
but the poor man had nothing 2S
12, 3; with def. art. ^3.1 aj all
everything Ex.29,24; "Jan '730 allU
vanity Be. 3, 11; after a negative
nothing isn nif. inin? N5 when
he dieth ho shall carry nothing
away Ps. 49, 18. 6) all, every one
"535 il^ his hand against every one
Gen. 16,12.— ^^ each, every, any ''?3
fS? every tree Gen. 2, 9; l^^.'*?! ev-
ery thing R. 4, 7; with a negative
predicate: none, no N'' n3K|P"^3
nt2>U'; no work shall be done Ex.
12,36 — 3) adv. wholly, altogether
D1K"'73 73n"'?3 every man is al-

TT T . V T "

together vanity Ps.39,6;-^ni3V"'?3
wholly as, wholly like as Ec.5,l5;
lij?"73 wholly so long as, all the
while that Jb.27,3.
^13 Ch. (same as Heb.; ' '73 ; def.

kV-), sf. linb, f. ]nb) j;aii,

whole XrilS'??"?! the whole king-
dom Dan. 6,4; ^<^DP5? T'S all people



K^3



294



2bs



5,19; Jin^l they all 2,38; con-
cretely: N'lD^ for all 4,9.— 2)
every tJ'JN!'?!! every man 3,10. —
3) adv. wholly, altogether "7|
NJT'^Sp wholly for this cause
Dan. 2, 12; •'T h^p'h^ wholly so,
as 6,11 (see in -3i?)-
{<'p3 (akin to ':13 a. Si| ; pret. sf.

^in':? ; fut. n;?: , n.'??'' ^t. j?. s'i'7| ,

S<^3:'«mp. N^3 ," sf. Dn'??; mf. Nib?)
prop, to contain, hence: 1) to re-
tain, to stay, to prevent fil^n
nSu''. nN'^3 the earth hath stayed
her fruit' Hag.1,10; with JD : to
he stayed fr(jm h^l? D^DB^ >In4
the heaven is stayed from dew ib.;
with ]P before a verb; to prevent

from Ni3p n|n ni'n ijn'?3 "ip.

D"'D13 who hast prevented me
this day from coming into blood-
guiltiness IS.25,33; with ]P of
the person: to withhold from iib
■'Jt?P ?l^pni xSpil withhold not
thou ihy tender mercies from me
Ps.40,12; Si'??'? 0113 tO"'i>^ DIN ^N
rrnriT.X there is no man that
hath power over the spirit to
retain the spirit Ec.8,8. — 2) to
restrain, to prohibit Dt<'j3 pro-
hibit them Num.11,28.— 3) to
close, to shut up I^Q? H^h2 rTH
niEan he was shut up in the court
of the prison Jer.23,3; xSl n'?3
ts'V.'? I am shut up, and I cannot
come forth Ps. 88,9. (This verb
takes also forms irom H^S , as:
W^3 Ps.n9,101, nS?^ Gen.23,6,



^jn'73 IS.25,33 (for •'jIkSs, N^?) ,
"iJOsi?).

Niph. N^pj (fut. n|73^) to be re-
strained D'jpa'n-jp n^ip n^I^.^
and the rain from heaven was
restrained Gen.8,2i a'JQ n!?.|*J
N''?ni3 and the people were re-
strained from bringing Ex.36,6.
N.'?3 (from sb; sf, "li^h^^ , pi. QW?)

1) shuttingup, confinement, prison
N^l rriS prison house 2K.17,4; pi.
D'-ls'^? ■'n? prison houses Is.42,22;
iN\^3 "inj? his prison garments
Jer.52,33. — 3) separation, whence
QIi^7? , which see.

^iihz pr. n, son of David 2S.3,3

= ^^';5 ichr.3,1.

Q^NpS du. prop, two different things,
two kinds, hence specifically:
diverse or mingled seeds Lev. 19,
19; Deut.22,9.

2^72 1) to clap, to trap, whence
yh'^.— 2) to strike, to bark,
whence 3.73 .

a^5 (-^ 3^3 ; pi. C?^? , 0. ^3'?3) m.
dog Bx.11,7; of dogs watching
flocks: ■'^iN^ ''3^3 the dogs of my
flock Jb.30,1; as a word of re-
proach: 3^1 e*.ST a dog's heart
2K.3,8; np 3i^| a dead dog 9,8;
of a male prostitute Deut.23,19:
of enemies Ps.22,17.

i^3 pr. n, 1) companion of Joshua
Num. 13,6; pair. 13^3 IS.25,3.—

2) a person mentioned in iChr.
2,18 = 131^? V. 9.- 3) a place
in Judah lS-30.14.



nmSN it's pr. n. an unknown

T T ; V •■ T

place lChr.2,24.
n^l (akin to kS|, "jSa, "513; fut

'■'.??) , ajJ- '^31 ; tnf. niS?) i; to be
completed, finished niir-Ss S^rn
nyil3 bnti |5?>p and all the'^work
of the tabernacle of the tent of
the congregation was finished
Ex.39,32; of time: to be ended,
past Y)^ ?^^| the summer is ended
Jer.8,20; of prophecy: to be ac-
complished, fulfilled j.ri^T n'h^h
that the word of the Lord' might
be fulfilled Bzr.1,1; of an im-
pending evil: to be prepared, to
be determined ''SX H^S mine anger
is prepared (1. e. ready to be
poured out) Ez.5,13; li^K r\rh^
i:m riKD ny-in the evll was
determined against him by the
king Est.7,7.— 2) to be spent,
consumed (as food) lib npipn ^3
nri^3 the vessel of meal was not

consumed ix.i7,ie; "JD D;an ^hy)

'^PDl! and the water was spent
in the bottle Gen.21,15.— 3) to
oe consumed, destroyed, to perish
in'-^D ^;^? ']r n^l^pp I am con-
sumed by the blow of thy hand
Ps.39,11; T1|K^ ^i'^h^ we are con-
sumed by thine anger 90,7; iina
^b:?\ arnni they shall be con-
sumed (destroyed) by the sword
and by the famine Jer.16,4; hence:
to waste, to pine away, to fail
■•Nip i1K>3 by, his flesh is wasted
away, that it cannot be seen Jb.



295 nb



33,21 ; ••rr r)'\V^-]? "h^ mine eyes do
fail with tears Lam.2,n; ''113 ri''3?
when my strength faileth Ps.71,'9;
•'^^iTlOmrp, nn'ri my soul pineth
away for thy salvation Ps.ll9,8I.
Pi n^? (fitt. n^31, ap. b2\
1 sf. 7\b2M Ex. 33, 3;" imp. n^i ■
inf. Hi'.a , once N^3 Dan. 4, 24,
ni^3, n"^3) 1) to complete, to

finish, to end ciapn nni^3 lib s?np

wherefore have ye not finished
your task? R.3,18; nxs n^ifl Ub
I'^i?^ ^If thou Shalt not' finish
reaping (i. e. 5halt not wholly
reap) the corners of thy field
Lev.l9,9i □5''B>r.a lb complete
your works Bx.5,13: n^31 'rnn
beginning and finishing IS.3,12.—

2) to leave off, to cease btlT] Vnjia
n^3 fisj^ai he began at the eldest
and left off at the youngest Gen.
44,12; -I3l|? n^3 tm,2 as soon as
he had left off speaking 18,33;
in a causative sense: □rij^'rn '?3ni
and thou shalt make their mur-
muring to cease Num. 17,25.—

3) to consume, to spend "H^DN ^^f;!
D3 I will spend my arrows upon
them Deut.32,23i of anger Lam.
4,11; of strength Is.49,4; of the
eyes: to cause to fail HJp'pN ''jiyi
n.y3N or have caused the eyes of
the widow to fail Jb. 3I,I6.—

4) to destroy D|P ""^^N mine enemy
hath destroyed them Lam.2,22;
ppiK Dpi^3"nj; unto the destroy-
ing pf them (until they ))e de-
stroyed) ]S.15,18; n^ny unto



nb2



296



"?3



destroying (till thou hadst de-
stroyed us) 2K. 13,19; Ezr.9,14:.

Pu. n^l (fut. n^?:) to be com-
pleted, finished Gen. 2,1.

Jit's adj. pining, failing with long-
ing (of the eye); only f. pi. ni'73
Deut.28,32.

nba f- 1) determination IS.20,33.—
2) utter destruction hSd T^m to
make an utter destruction (to
destroy utterly) Jer.4:,27 etc.; with
nx Jer.5,18 and J? 30,11.— 3) as
adv.: utterly, wholly, altogether

nm DDriN trnj'' m^ n'^s he shaii

thrust you out hence altogether
Ex.1 1,1; in the same sense also
n^9S 2Chr.l7,12.

n'?3 (sf. in^3; i)i. nib, nb) /■. i)

bride, spouse (prop, the crowned
one, from bh^) Is.62,5.— 2) daugh-
ter-in-law R.1,7.
X^73 (from K73; same as nSs) to.
prison SPSn n^3 the prison house
Jer.37,4 (Kttb N'^Sj).

3^'P3 (from iSs) «*. i; cage (for
birds) Jer.5,27 — 2) basket il'??
f*;f3. a basket of summer fruit
Am.8,1. — 3) pr. n. to. of two
persons lChr.4,11; 27,26.

I^^'PS see 3i?| 2.

''n'72pr.n.m. Ezr.10,35 {Eri^mh^).

nl7^^3 (from bbS) _pJ. f. bridal
state, espousals Jer.2,2.

h?^ to be complete, full, ripe.

Pit's I- ™- full age, old age Xif)
15i?.'"'i?i n^5? thou Shalt come to



thy grave in a full age Jb.5,26;
n!?3 n?^ iO\'?5? to them old age
perisheth (i. e. over them old
age passeth fruitlessly) 80,2.
n73 11- pr. n. a city in Assyria

-IV ,

Gen. 10,1, prob. = TVU, which see.
''t'3 , ^ •''r,! (f-'-om '?13 , hh^ to con-
tain; sf. r\:h^ ; pi. D''ip5 , c. \'?3 ,
sf. ''!?5, ■l^'^a, Dn\'75) i) vessel,

^ L ' '

utensil VT]"''y2 earthen vessel
Lev.6,21; !.r"i"T'.i \'?3 the vessels
of the house of the Lord Ezr.1,7.
ntJitJ* DiSsa ni^ the vessels be-
ing diverse one from the other
Bst.1,7; in; \'?? vessels of gold,
ib.; sometimes pleonastically, as:
D\'7^iin \73 the vessels of flagons,
i. e. flagons Is. 22,24.— 2) vessel
for sailing, a boat NtpJ"''";? ves-
sels (boats) of bulrushes Is. 18,2.—
3) implement, instrument, tool
1i2*""^7| instruments of music
2Chr.34,'l2; pleonastically. b^pb^
a harp-instrument Ps.71,22; fig. of
the divine wrath iiorr ''ijDI ;^ the
Lord and the instruments of
his indignation Is. 13, 5; of the
means and devices of evil-
doers: DiVT 'f'^g i!r3 the instru-
ments of the deceiver are evil
Is.32,7. — 4) weapons, arms ^^3
non^D weapons of war Jud.lS,!!;
poet. n)P"\'r5 implements of death,
i. e. deadly weapons Ps.7,14; Nl?J
Dvl? armor-bearer, aide-de-camp
18.16,21; Q^i?3 fl''^ house of arms,
armory (arsenal) Is, 39,2.- 5)
equipment, dress, garments "^^3



'^3



297



C^3



15.^ a man's garment Deut.22,5;
?\^.? ^3VB n^ll as a bride adorn-
eth herself with her bridal gar-
ments Is, 61, 10; hence cbp_ the
baggage of a person IS. 17,22;
cSsn 1Diti> the Jieeper of the
baggage, the baggage master ib.
"''?3 see '<S^3.

X''^3 Ktib for Nl'75 , which see.

n'b2 (only pJ. ni^^a , c. ni''S?) /■.
rein, kidney n''^55 ''f]?' the two
kidneys Ex.29,13; b^b"'«'rii''b?i il^n
the fat of the kidneys of rams
l8.34,6; fig. HDn ni'''?3 a'?.n the fat
of the kidneys of wheat Deut.
32,14; frequeiitly of the inward
of man, the mind, soul, as the
seat of affections and passions:
ib.l ^'^''^5 ids he (God) trieth the
reins (i. e. the inward) and the
heart Jer. 11,20; ''ni''^? ^^^V^H my
reins shall rejoice Pr.23,16; 1'?3
"•niiS? my reins U- e. my soul)
pine away Jb.l9,27i ''niil"? ^JIIK
my reins admonish me Ps.16,7.

P>^3 (from n^3; c. p"??) w. 1)
destruction npri_ fl^U* pin ]1^^3
destruction is decreed, it shall
overflow with righteousness Is.
10,22.— 2) pining, failing li'''??
W^V a pining of the eyes Deut.
28,65.

lV73 P^- w. »». R.1,2.

^1^3 (c. S''^3) adj. i; complete,
perfect nnnS «in '?''^| it was
perfect through my splendor Ez.
16,14; ''?'' ''"'!?3 perfect in beauty



28,12.— 2) whole, entire 'V.s
rb::ri ^•''75 a cloth wholly of blue
Num.4,6;asa?i.;1''yn"v''73thewhole
of the city Jud.20,40 (Eng. Bible:
the flame of the city); S'S| nSij;



Online LibraryAlexander HarkavyStudents' Hebrew and Chaldee dictionary to the Old Testament → online text (page 29 of 83)