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Alexander Henry.

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Bay, a journey of many hundred miles, on no
other errand.

Having been fortunate enough to administer
medical reHef to one of these Indians during
their stay, I came to be considered as a phy-
sician, and found that this was a character
held in high veneration. Their solicitude and
creduhty as to drugs and nostrums had ex-
posed them to gross deceptions on the part
of the agents of the Hudson's Bay Company.
One of the chiefs informed me that he had
been at the Bay the year before, and there pur-
chased a quantity of medicines, which he would
allow me to inspect. Accordingly, he brought

^' See page 249. — Author. Page 241 of this volume. — •
Editor.

314



Crabel^ and ^dbenturc^

a bag containing numerous small papers, in
which I found lumps of white sugar, grains of
coffee, pepper, allspice, cloves, tea, nutmegs,
ginger and other things of this kind, sold as
specifics against evil spirits, and against the
dangers of battle; as giving power over enemies,
and particularly the white bear,^® of which the
Indians in these latitudes are much afraid:
others were infallible against barrenness in
women; against difficult labors; and against
a variety of other affiictions. In a second
parcel I found small prints; the identical ones
which in England are commonly sold in sheets
to children, but each of which was here trans-
formed into a talisman, for the cure of some
evil, or obtention of some delight: No. i. "A
sailor kissing his mistress, on his return from
sea"; this, worn about the person of a gallant,
attracted, though concealed, the affections of
the sex! No. 2. "A soldier in Arms"; this
poured a sentiment of valor into the possessor,
and gave him the strength of a giant !

'^ Apparently the grizzly bear. Although Theodore
Roosevelt has rather made light of the danger of hunting
the grizzly, to meet him with a modern high-power
rifle is a different matter than it was to meet him with
the inferior weapons possessed by the natives a century
or more ago. Moreover, the grizzly himself has learned
something by his hundred years of contact with the
white man, and is, apparently, a far less pugnacious
animal than he was in former times. Lewis and Clark,
dauntless seekers of adventure as they were, found the
grizzly a foe to be dreaded; "I must confess," records
Lewis, "that I do not like the gentlemen, and had

31S



^lejranlicr l^mrp



By means of these commodities many cus-
tomers were secured to the company; and even
those Indians who shortened their voyage by
deaHng with us sent forward one canoe, laden
with beaver skins, to purchase articles of this
kind at Cumberland House. I did not venture
to dispute their value.

This part of our commercial adventure
completed, Mr. Frobisher and myself left the
remainder of our merchandise in the care of
Mr. Thomas Frobisher, who was to proceed
with them to Lake Arabuthcow, and on the
fourth of July, set out on our return to the
Grand Portage.

In recrossing Beaver Lake the wind obliged
us to put into a bay which I had not visited
before. Taking my gun I went into the woods
in search of game; but I had not advanced
more than half a mile when I found the country
almost inaccessible by reason of masses of
rock which were scattered in all directions:
some were as large as houses, and lay as if they
had been first thrown into the air and then
suffered to fall into their present posture. By
a circuitous route I at last ascended the moun-
tain, from one side of which they had fallen;
the whole body was fractured, and separated
by large chasms. In some places parts of the
mountain of half an acre in surface were raised
above the general level. It was a scene for the

rather fight two Indians than one bear." — Editor.
316



warfare of the Titans, or for that of Milton's
angels !

The river, which, when we first arrived at
Cumberland House, had run with a swift cur-
rent into the Sascatchiwaine, now ran in a
contrary direction, toward the lake. This was
owing to the rise of water in the Sascatchi-
waine, from which same cause all the lowlands
were at this time overflowed.

Our twilight nights continued till we were
to the southward of Lake Winipegon. The
weather was so favorable that we crossed that'
lake in six days, though in going it took us
thirty.

On an island in the Lake of the Woods we
saw several Indians, toward whom we made in
hopes to purchase provisions, of which we were
much in want; and whom we found full of a
story that some strange nation had entered
Montreal, taken Quebec, killed all the Eng-
lish, and would certainly be at the Grand
Portage before we arrived there."

On my remarking to Mr. Frobisher that I
suspected the Basionnais (Bostonians, or
English colonists) had been doing some mis-
chief in Canada, the Indians directly exclaimed,
"Yes, that is the name! Basionnais.'" They

" General Montgomery captured Montreal Novem-
ber 12, 1775, and was killed while vainly assaulting
Quebec on the last day of the year. In May, 1776, the
American force raised the siege and retreated to New
England. — Editor.

317



^IcjcanDcr I^cnrp



were lately from the Grand Portage, and ap-
peared seriously apprehensive that the Bas-
tonnais were coming into the Northwest^^

At the Forks of the River a la Pluie there
were a large number of Indians under a friendly
chief, with which latter I had had a previous
acquaintance. On my visiting him he told me
that there was bad news; and then repeated the
story which we had heard on the Lake of the
Woods, adding that some of his young men were
evil incHned, and that he wished us immediately
to depart. We were not deaf to the admonition,
of the grounds of which we stayed long enough
to be convinced. We were roughly importuned
for rum; and one of the Indians, after we had
embarked, fetched his gun and fired at us
twice, but without effect.

No further accident attended our voyage
to the Grand Portage, from which place we
pursued the route to Montreal, where we
arrived on the fifteenth of October. We found
the province deUvered from the irruption of
the colonists, and protected by the forces of
General Burgoyne.

'^ Bastonnais {Bosionnais, Bostonians) is the name
by which the Canadians describe all the inhabitants of
the English colonies, now the United States; and in the
Northwest the English traders commonly use the
French language. — Author.



318



Index



%nhtv



Abitibi Lake, route by, 228.

Abitibi River, route by, 228.

Albany, Henry procures goods at, 4, 12.

AUouez, Claude Jean, mission station at Chequamegon
Bay, 184.

Amherst, Gen. Sir Jeffrey, expedition against Montreal,
xii, 3; captures Montreal, 80.

Amikoue (Amicway, Amicwac) Indians, on Manitou-
lin Island, 36.

Amisk Lake, see Beaver Lake.

Anderson, Capt. Thomas G., reports Indian legend,
204.

Andre, Louis, at Keweenaw Bay, 212.

Anse a la P^che, see Oak Bay.

Ashland (Wis.), on Chequamegon Bay, 184.

Aspen trees, food for beaver, 126.

Assiniboin Indians, treatment of slaves, 266, 295-97;
Henry joins, 267; hospitality, 274-83, 302; cus-
tom of weeping, 276-77; buffalo hunt described,
284-86; boundaries, 287-88; methods of warfare,
288; procure horses from Spaniards, 289; relations
with Cristinaux, 302.

Athabasca (Arabuthcow, Athapuscow) Lake, des-
tination of Henry, 308.

Au Sable River, Henry winters on, 123-46; identified,
124.

Baggatiway, Indian ball game, played at Fort Michili-
mackinac, 78, 86-87.

Bain, James, edits Henry's narrative, xxi.

Balfour, Capt. Henry, commands English troops in
Northwest, 52.

Barges, Colonel Bradstreet builds, 176.
321



^Fntiejc



Baxter, Alexander, on mineralogical tour, 210; partner
in mining company, 217; terminates business of
company, 226.

Baxter, , partner in mining company, 226.

Bear, hunts, 138-39, 193; Indian superstitions con-
cerning, 139-40; feast, 140; habits, 141; in Nani-
bojou legend, 209; meat purchased, 256; on plains
of Saskatchewan, 289; on Churchill River, 310;
Grizzly, as fighter, 315-16.

Beaujeau de Villemonde, evacuates Michilimackinac,
52, 89.

Beaver, dams, 30; price of skins at Michilimackinac,
56; habits, 125-28; methods of hunting, 125, 127-
28; as food, 128; number caught, 132, 196-97;
lodge, 137; as medium of exchange, 183-84; at
Michilimackinac, 202; on Saskatchewan River,
248; meat purchased, 256; skins as presents, 281;
purchased, 312.

Beaver Islands, historical sketch, 94; destination of
English captives, 94-97.

Beaver Lake, Henry winters on, 253-56, 305-306;
traverses, 316.

Beaver River, see River aux Castors.

Bedford-Jones, Henry, attacks Henry's narrative, xvii-
xx; theory concerning Wawatam,«i 55-56.

Big Sable River, Henry winters in vicinity, 124.

Birch trees, food for Beaver, 126; on Churchill River,
308.

Blackfoot Indians, country explored, 252; neighbors
of Assiniboin. 288.

Bodoine, Jean Baptiste, guides Henry to Montreal,

Bostonnais (Bastonnais, Bostonians), sobriquet of

American colonists, 317-18.
Bostwick, Henry, visits Michilimackinac, 13; in

massacre, 91, 95, 105; partner in mining company,

217, 226.
Bourbon, Fort, on Cedar Lake, 248.
Bourbon, Lake de, see Cedar Lake.
Bourbon River, see Saskatchewan River.

322



S^ntiej:



Boutchitaouy Bay, arm of Lake Huron, 37; route by,
68; Henry at, 115, 151.

Braddock's defeat, 52, 80.

Bradstreet, Col. John, career, 174; expedition to
Detroit, 174-79.

British Museum, specimens presented, 222.

Buffalo, skins as tents, 249; as clothing, 258; numbers,
265, 273; tongues eaten, 273; uses subserved
among Assiniboin, 282, 301-302; hunt described,
284-86.

Buffalo's Head Island, in Lake Winnipeg, 244.

Burgoyne, Gen. John, in Revolutionary War, 318.

Burial customs, 108, 144-45, 293-95.

Cadotte, Jean Baptiste Jr., fur trader, 60.

Cadotte, Jean Baptiste, Sr., interpreter at Sault Ste.
Marie, 60; influence over Indians, 151, 156; pro-
tects Henry, 157-58; partner of Henry, 184; goes
to Fort des Prairies, 253.

Cadotte, Madame, rescues Henry, 154-56.

Cadotte, Michel, fur trader, 60.

Cahokia (111.), Pontiac slain at, 179.

Campion, Etienne, enters employ of Henry, 12-13;
Henry entrusts business to, 39; brings news, 51.

Canadians, relations with Indians, 34; hostility
toward English, 40; monopoly of fur trade, 54;
onlookers at massacre, 80; prisoners entrusted to,
91-92; in Captain Howard's expedition, 179-80;
contemplate cannibalism, 212-13.

Cannibalism, prisoners eaten, 71, 98, 104-105; among
Indians, 199-201; proposed, 212-13.

Canoes, of traders described, 15-16; method of making,
172; of Northwest described, 230-31; disposition
in winter, 254.

Caribou, on island of Yellow Sands, 219-21; on Church-
ill River, 310.

Caribou Island, see Island of Yellow Sands.

Carver, Capt. Jonathan, account of rites of medicine
men, 166; death of Pontiac, 178-79; legends of
Island of Yellow Sands, 216-17; niines of Lake
Superior. 224-25; French raid, 228.

323



'^nhtx



Cass, Gov. Lewis, holds peace council, 189-90.

Castor, Isles du, see Beaver Islands.

Castors, River aux, trade route by, 254.

Catfish, in Lake Winnipeg, 244.

Cat Lake, see Lake du Bonnet.

Cave of the Bones, at'Michilimackinac, 109-112.

Cedar trees, on Cedar Lake, 247.

Cedres, Rapides des, boats wrecked, xiii, 4.

Champlain, Samuel de. account of rites of medicine

men, 166.
Chatique (Pelican), Indian chief, plunders traders,

249-51-

Chats, Lake des, described, 24.

Chaudiere Franjaise, Portage, La, on French River,
31-32-

Chenes, Portage des, described, 23.

Chepeweyan Indians, intercourse with Henry, 310-16;
women, 314; medical ideas, 314-16.

Chequamegon (Chagouemig, Chagouemigon) Bay,
Henry winters at, 184-97; historical sketch, 184-
85; Chippewa of, 189-90.

Chippewa Indians, capture Henry Bostwick, 13;
village on Michilimackinac Island, 37-38; council
with Henry, 41-46; of Lake Superior, Henry plans
trading expedition to, 47; village at Sault Ste.
Marie, 61; language spoken by Cadottes, 62;
Henry learns, 62; massacre English, 78-82; in-
fluence of J. B. Cadotte, Sr., over, 151; enmity of
Iroquois, 159; Great Turtle as guardian spirit,
160-66; make peace, 180; tradition concerning
defeat of Iroquois, 185-86; of Chequamegon Bay,
189-90; warfare with Sioux, 189-90, 195-96;
Wood Indians derive language from, 206; of Lake
Sagunac, plunder traders. 232-33; destroyed by
Sioux, 232; of Rainy River, exact tribute, 233-34;
Pillager band destroyed, 236.

Churchill (Missinibi, Missinipi) River, Henry and
party visit, 305-16; origin of name, 308.

Claies, Lake aux, see Lake Simcoe.

324



^nhtx



Cocking, Matthew, explorations of, 252; hospitality to
traders, 258.

Copper, on Ontonagon River, 186-87, i97; on north
shore of Lake Superior, 203, 205; on Nanibojou
Island, 222; attempts to mine, 218-24.

Copper Rock, sketch of 197.

Come, Fort a la, location, 265.

Come, M. de la, builds fort, 265.

Cougars, see panthers.

Court Oreilles Indians, sobriquet for Ottawa, 192.

Court Oreilles, Lac, refuge of Ottawa, 191-92.

Cristinaux (Christinaux, Kristinaux, Killistinoes, Cree)
Indians, language of Wood Indians derived from,
206; of Lake Winnipeg described, 239-43; resem-
blances to Assiniboin, 289; relations with, 302;
visit Fort des Prairies, 301; thievery among, 302;
language as trade medium, 313.

Cruickshank, , partner in mining company, 226.

Cuchoise, John, befriends Henry, 93-94.

Cumberland House, Heniy visits, 258. 305.

Cumberland Lake, see Sturgeon Lake.

Cumberland Station, see Pas Mission.

Dams, beaver, 30.

Dancing, among Assiniboin, 287.

Dauphin, Fort, Peter Pond goes to, 253.

Davers, Sir Robert, English traveler, visits Sault Ste.
Marie, 70; killed, 71.

Deluge, myth of, 209.

Detour, Point du, in Lake Fluron, 36; Henry passes,
59; encamps at, 66-67.

Detroit, siege of, 174; expedition of Bradstreet to,
174-79; Peter Pond at, 243-44.

Deux Montagnes, Lake des, Henry reaches, 19.

Devil's Hole, massacre. 175.

Dogs, sacrificed, 107, 125, 144, 170, 289; as beasts of
burden, 269, 298; numbers among Assiniboin. 280.

Dreams, of Indian women, 147; of Wawatam's wife,

151-
Ducharme, Jean Marie, fur trader, 72.
Ducharme, Laurent, fur trader, 72.

32s



Duels, by Peter Pond, 244.

Duluth, Daniel Greysolon, on Chequamegon Bay, 185.

Edward Augustus, Fort, at Green Bay, 106.

Elk, see red deer.

English, Indian hostility toward, 34; prisoners slain,
104-105; Indians fear vengeance, 147-48.

English River, see Churchill River.

Erie, see Presqu'isle.

Erie, Fort, Bradstreet's army at, 176.

Etherington, Capt. George, commandant at Michili-
mackinac 52, 68; discredits reports of Indian dis-
affection, 72-73; in massacre of Fort Michili-
mackinac, 91-92, 95.

Falls, of the Rideau, described, 21; of La Grande
Chaudiere, 21-22.

Famine, at Sault Ste. Marie, 198-202; overtakes
Flenry's party, 211-13; threatened, 261-63.

Farley, Jacques Phillipe, interpreter at Michilimacki-
nac, 41; relations with English traders. 50-51,

Feasts, on prisoners, 71, 98, 104-105; of maize, 130-31;
of bear meat, 140, 194-95; to Great Spirit, 144;
Indians propose to eat Henry, 150; at Missisaki
River, 167; of buffalo tongues, 273; among Assin-
iboin, 275-79, 282.

Finlay, James, Jr., fur trader, 260.

Finlay, James, Sr., in Northwest, 260.

Finlay River, name, 260.

Fish, in Lake Nipissing, 30; food supply at Sault Ste.
Marie, 63, 198; methods of taking, 65-66; at
Chequamegon Bay, 191; in Saskatchewan River,
247; in Beaver Lake, 254-55, 305-306. See also
the several varieties.

Fishing Cove, see Oak Bay.

Flies, pest of, 29, 62.

Fond du Lac, Henry sends goods to, 188; warriors from,
189.

Fort Nelson River, outlet of Lake Winnipeg, 247,

Foxes, on plains of Saskatchewan, 289.

Fox Point, see Wagoshense.

French River (River des Franjais), Henry descends, 32.

326



S^nDer



Frobisher, Benjamin, memorial on Northwest trade,

233; career, 245.
Frobisher, Joseph, memorial on Northwest trade, 237;

career, 245; companion of Henry, 257-58. 316.
Frobisher, Thomas, career, 245; starts for Churchill

River, 305; names Churchill River, 308; takes

charge of merchandise, 316.
Furs, as medium of exchange, 55-56. See also fur trade.
Fur trade, Henry enters upon, xiii, 11-12; canoes and

brigades described, 15-17; Michilimackinac as

center, 41; food of voyageurs, 54; of Lake Superior

given to Henry, 183; disorder threatened, 192;

returns from, 196-97, 210; at Grand Portage,

229-30; Peter Pond's career, 243-44; Northwest

Company organized, 244; rivalry in, 303; prices

of goods, 303-309; deception practiced, 314-16.
Gage, Gen. Thomas, grants Henry permission to go to

Michilimackinac, 13; condemns conduct of Col.

Bradstreet, 178.
Geese, on Island of Yellow Sands, 220.
Gens de Terre Indians, see Wood Indians.
Gladwin, Gen. Henry, career, 174.
Gloucester, Duke of, partner in mining company, 226.
Goddard, James S., trader, at Michilimackinac, 48.
Gold, search for on Michipicoten Island, 215; on Island

of Yellow Sands, 219-20.
Grand Calumet, Portage du, described, 25-26.
Grand Calumet River, channels of, 25.
Grand Portage, Henry plans trading expedition to, 47;

as fur trade center, 229-30; passage of, 230.
Grand Rapide, on Saskatchewan River, 246.
Grand Sable, Le, Indian chief, slays prisoners, 104.
Grand Sauteur, see Minavavana.
Grand Traverse Bay, Henry crosses, 147-48.
Grande Chaudiere, La, falls described, 21-22; portage

described, 22-23.
Grande Faucille, Portage de la, on French River, 32.
Grant, James, in Northwest fur trade, 267.
Grant County (Wis.), named, 267.
Grant River, named, 267.

327 '



^nntx



Great Hare, see Xanibojou.

Great Road, Indian chief, sends messengers, 272;
entertains Henry, 275-78; personal appearance,
277-78; speech, 281; visits Fort des Prairies,
298-302.

Great Spirit, sacrifices to, 107, 125, 144; deprives
beaver of speech, 128; feasts to, 144, 193-95;
Wawatam commends Henry to, 155; invoked by
Chippewa, 161-66; residence on islands of Lake
Superior, 36, 216-17.

Great Turtle, guardian spirit of Chippewa, 160;
ceremony of invoking, 161-66.

Green Bay, English send garrison to, 52; saved by
Ottawa Indians, 106.

Grondines, Point aux, in Lake Huron, 33; Henry
visits, 167-69.

Groseilliers, IMedard Chouart, Sieur de, winters at
Chequamegon Bay, 184.

Hamilton, Gov. Henry, report upon pay due Canadian
militia, 179-80.

Hares, hunted, 55; use by Wood Indians, 62.

Hauteur de Terre, see Land's Height.

Hawks, on Island of Yellow Sands, 220.

Hearne, Samuel, pleads for life of prisoner, 83; explora-
tions of, 251-52.

Hedge hog, see Porcupine.

Henry, Alexander, sketch of career, xii-xv; joins army
of Gen. Amherst, xii, 3; enters fur trade, xiii;
loses merchandise, xiii, 4; estimate of narrative,
xv-xxi; editions of, x.xi-xxii; winters at Fort
Levis, 4; visits Albany, 4, 12; learns use of snow
shoes, 5; attacked by Indians, 6-7; journey to
Michilimackinac, 15-39, 66-68, 70-71, 114, 147-49,
179-80, 201-202; to Sault Ste. Marie, 59, 68-69,
151-56; winters at Sault Ste. Marie, 60-66, 180, 198-
202; learns Chippewa language, 62, 76; in massacre
of Fort Michilimackinac, 78-87; captivity, 88-99;
rescued by Wawatam, 99-103; disguised as Indian,
1 13-14; goes to Boutchitaouy Bay, 115; winters
on Au Sable River, 123-46; resigned to savage

328



S'nticr



life, 129; lost, 132-37; bear hunt, 138-39, 193;
proceeds of winter's hunt, 149; life threatened, 150,
157; disguised as Canadian, 156; journey to Fort
Niagara, 159-60, 166-73; commands Indian bat-
talion, 175-77; goes to Oak Bay, 198-201; winters
at Michipicoten, 203-17; explores Michipicoten
Island, 215; Island of Yellow Sands, 219-21;
mining operations, 219-26; journey to Lake Winni-
peg, 227-42; from Lake Winnipeg to Beaver Lake,
243-53; winters on Beaver Lake, 253-56, 305-306;
journey to Fort des Prairies, 257-67; tour of plains,
267-87; 298-301; return to Beaver Lake, 303-305;
visits Churchill River, 305-16; returns to Mont-
real, 316-18.

Henry, Alexander, the Younger, xv.

Henry, William, xv.

Highlanders, at Cumberland House, 241-2.

Hole-in-the-Day, Chippewa chief, 190.

Holmes, William, tours plains of Saskatchewan, 267.

Horses, Among Assiniboin, 280, 300.

Howard, Capt. , leads expedition to recover

Fort Michilimackinac, 179-80.

Hudson's Bay Company, posts raided, 228; station
of, 251; rivalry with North-West Company, 252;
builds Fort a la Corne, 265; traders deceive Indians,
314-16.

Huron Indians, village on Detroit River, 180.

Huron Lake, islands described, 35-36; Henry traverses,
33-38; 166-71, 180.

Ile a la Crosse Lake, Henry reaches, 310.

Indians, drink liquor, 6-7, 109-111; entertain Henry, 8;
hostile to English, 34,72-77; slavery among, 81,
266, 295-97; sacrifices, 107, 125, 144, 163, 170-171,
205, 289; burial customs, 108, 144-45, 293-95;
cannibalism, 71, 98, 104-105, 199-201; medical
practices, 113-22; 161-66; diseases, 116-17; super-
stitions, 139-40, 151, 161-66, 168-71; belief con-
cerning future life, 145-46; ownership of land,
144; battalion formed, 175-77; cruelty to prisoners,

329



g^nDcjc



266, 302; use of tobacco, 273; guards among, 274,

280, 282-83, 311-12; marriage customs, 290-93.
Iroquois Indians, influence of Sir William Johnson

over, 159; hostility to Chippewa, 159; tradition

concerning defeat by Chippewa, 185-86; Ottawa

seek asylum from, 192; cruelty to prisoners, 266.
Iroquois Point, name, 185-86; Henry camps on, 222.
Iron River, in Ontonagon county, 187.
Jamet, Ensign John, commandant at Sault Ste.

Marie, 62; journey to Michilimackinac, 66-68;

slain, 79, 92.
Jesuits, missionary at Michilimackinac, 40; mission

at L'Arbre Croche, 47 ; of St. Ignatius, 1 23.
Johnson, Sir William, kindness to prisoners, 57; sends

embassy to western Indians, 158-59; career, 158-

59; friendship prophesied, 164-65; kindness to

Henry, 173; partner in mining enterprise, 226.
KAMiNiSTiQtnA, trading house at, 229.
Keweenaw Bay, Father Menard at, 212.
Kinzie, John, in Fort Dearborn massacre, 83.
Kichi Manito, see Great Spirit.
Lachine, head of fur-trade navigation, 17.
La Cloche Island, Henry visits. 33-34, 167; name, 33;

inhabitants attend peace council, 167.
La Crosse, ball game, see Baggatiway.
Lake of the Woods, Henrj^ traverses, 234-37.
Land, Indian ownership of, 144.
Land's Height, described, 231-32.
Langlade, Charles, career, 80-81; shelters Henry at

Michilimackinac, 80-87; inhumanity, 93-94.
L'Arbre Croche, Ottawa village, 47-48; Indians take

prisoners from Chippewa, 96-98; Henry visits,

124, 148.
La Ronde, Louis Denis, sieur de, at Chequamegon

Bay, 185.
Lead, on Nanibojou Island. 222.

Leduc, M. , gives information on fur trade, 11.

Legends, of Nanibojou, 203-205; of Island of Yellow

Sands, 215-18; of carrying place of the Lost child,

238.

330



'^ntxtx



Les Cedres, Henry visits, ii.

Leslie, Lieut. William, commandant at Michilimack-

inac, 52; in massacre, 91-92, 95.
Le Sueur, Pierre Charles, at Chequamegon Bay, 185.
Levis, Fort, captured, 3; named William Augustus, 4.

Levy, , trader, 109.

Lewis, Meriwether, opinion of grizzly bear, 315-16.
Longue Sault, Henry runs rapids, 8-10; ascends,

19-20.
Lost Child, carrying place of, legend, 238.
Ludington (Mich.), Henry winters in vicinity, 124.
Mackenzie, Alexander, explores Peace River, 312.
Madelaine Island, 191.
Maize, cultivated at L'Arbre Croche, 47-48, 54, 124;

as diet for voyageurs, 54; price at Michilimackinac,

5S; feast on, 130-31; purchased, 184; as food, 211;

cultivated on Lake Superior, 225.
Maligne River, name, 253; Henry camps on, 258.
Mamance Point, minerals found at, 203.
Manitoulin Island, name, 36.
Manitous, see Great Spirit.

Maple sugar, manufacture, 69-70, 143-44, 193, 209.
Marquette, Father Jacques, place of death, 124;

on Chequamegon Bay, 184; founds mission of

St. Ignace, 184.
Marriage, customs among Indians, 289-93.
Marten, skins purchased, 312.
Marten, The, Indian chief, 310.
Maskegon Indians, desire trade with English, 27-28,
Matawan River, Henry ascends, 28-29.
Matchedash Bay, Henry reaches, 171.
Matchedash Indians, see Missisaki Indians.
Matchekewis (Mutchikiwish), Chippewa chief, seeks

life of Henry, 157; career, 157.
Maurepas, He de, see Michipicoten Island.
Mayzhuckegeshig, Chippewa chief, 189.
Medicine, deceptions practiced, 314-16.
Medicine men, practices, 113-22; 161-66.
Menard, Father Rend, at Keweenaw Bay, 212.

331



5Fntiejc



Menominee Indians, escort English garrison to L'Arbre
Croche, io6; attitude in Pontiac's War, 107.

Merchandise, prices at Michilimackinac, 149; to
Indians, 187; at Fort des Prairies, 303-304.


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Online LibraryAlexander HenryAlexander Henry's Travels and adventures in the years 1760-1776, ed. with historical introduction and notes by Milo Milton Quaife → online text (page 19 of 20)