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Alexander Henry.

Alexander Henry's Travels and adventures in the years 1760-1776, ed. with historical introduction and notes by Milo Milton Quaife online

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Online LibraryAlexander HenryAlexander Henry's Travels and adventures in the years 1760-1776, ed. with historical introduction and notes by Milo Milton Quaife → online text (page 20 of 20)
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Michigan, Lake, Henry plans trading expedition to,
47; opening of navigation, 58.

Michilimackinac, Fort, M. Leduc at, 11; Henry
decides to visit, xiii, 11-12; route from Montreal,
15; location at different periods, 37; described,
40-41; as fur-trade center, 41; Beaujeau evacuates,
52; British reach, 52; disaffection of Indians,
72-77; garrison massacred, 78-82; English expe-
dition sent to recover, 179; peace with Chippewa
and Ottawa concluded, 180; Henry returns to,
201-202.

Michilimackinac Island, name, 37, 109; Chippewa
village on, 37-38; warriors hold council with Henry,
41-46; Henry's sojourn on, 107-112.

Michipicoten, Henry winters at, 203-17.

Michipicoten Island, Henrj^ explores, 215-17.

Milford (Conn.), Peter Pond at, 243-44.

Minavavana, Chippewa chief, existence denied, xix;
speech, 42-45; surrenders Henry, 102-103; advises
Henry, 113.

Minnesota River, see St. Pierre River.

Miscoutinsaki Rapid, Heavy ascends, 59.

Missions, see Jesuits.

Missisaki Indians, name, 35; at Lake Simcoe, 171;
attend peace council, 171. 175; in Indian battalion,

175-77-
Missisaki River, name, 35; Henry reaches, 167.
Mississagi Point, near Fort Niagara, 173.
Money, furs employed as, 55-56; lack of, at Fort

Michilimackinac, 183-84.
Montague, Portage de la, described, 25.
Montgomery, Gen. Richard, death, 317.
Montreal, captured, 480; Henry arrives at, 318.
Moose, on Churchill River journey, 307.
Moose River, route by, 228; Henry crosses, 268.
Mormons, kingdom on Beaver Islands, 94.

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Mosquitoes, on Matawan River, 29; at Sault Ste.

Marie, 62; on Pinawa River, 238.
Music, of Assiniboin, 286.
Nadowessie Indians, see Sioux.
Nanibojou, legends, 203-205.
Nanibojou Island, Henry camps on, 211; minerals

found, 222.
Nannabojou, Indian chief, 204.
Nequaquon Lake, see Lake Sagunac.
Niagara, Fort, peace council at, 15S-59; Henry

reaches, 173.
Nipigon River, in French period, 229.
Nipissing Indians, meeting with Henry, 31.
Nipissing Lake, Henry traverses, 30-32.
Nordberg, John, career, 222; mineralogical tour, 222.
Northwest, definition, 230.
North West Company, origin, 244; activities of

Frobishers, 245; of Charles Patterson, 245; rivalry

with Hudson's Bay Company, 252.
Notepseakan River. Henry winters in vicinity, 124.
Oak Bay, Henry at, 198-201.
Oak Point, in Lake Winnipeg, 244.
Ochibbouy Indians, see Chippewa.
Okinochumaki, Ottawa chief, kindness of, 124.
Ontonagon River, Henry reaches, 186; explores for

copper, 197; mining operations, 223-24.
Opimittish Iniwac Indians, see Wood Indians.
Osinipoil Indians, see Assiniboin.
Otossalon (Tessalon, Thessalon, des Tessalons) River,

Ottawa Indians, carry Henry Bostwick to Montreal,
13; of L'Arbre Croche, council with traders, 47-50;
propose attack on English troops, 52; take prisoners
from Chippewa, 96-98; raise maize, 124; village
at Lake St. Claire, 180; seek refuge at Lac Court
Oreilles, 191-92.

Ottawa River, route by, 15, 228; Henry ascends, 19-
28.

Otter, skins purchased, 312.

Otter's Head, described, 227.

333



SFnticjc



Outaouais. Lake des, see Lac Court Oreilles.

Outardes, Isles aux, in Lake Huron, 37; Henrj' so-
journs at, 151-55.

Outardes, Portage aux, 231.

Painted Post, name, 294.

Pani. woman conceals Henrj', 81-83; name, 81. See
also Slaves.

Panthers, shot, 147; on plains of Saskatchewan, 289.

Partridges, at Michilimackinac, 55.

Paskogac, Fort, location, 249.

Pas Mission, location, 249.

Pasquayah River, see Saskatchewan.

Pasquayah, village, Henr>' at. 249-51.

Pasquia River, tributary of Saskatchewan, 249.

Patterson, Charles, career, 245; on tour of plains, 267.

Patterson's Point, location, 245.

Pays Plat, described, 228-29.

Peace Riv'er, information concerning, 312-13.

Pelican, The, see Chatique.

Pelicans, on Lake of the Woods, 236-37; on Lake
Winnipeg, 244.

Pentwater River, identified with Au Sable, 124.

Perdrix, Portage du, on Pigeon River, 231.

Petite Faucille, Pourtage de la, on French River, 32.

Pic Island, Henry visits. 228.

Pickawillany, captured by Langlade, 80.

Pickerel, in Beaver Lake, 255; on Churchill River
journey, 306.

Pigeon (Groseilles, duTourtre) River, Henry traverses,

230-31-
Pijitic River. Henry encamps at, 227; route by, 228.
Pike River, pipestone quarry near, 245.
Pillager Indians, name, 236-37.
Pinawa River, as trade route, 237-38.
Pine trees, on Saskatchewan River. 247; on Churchill

River, 301, 308.
Pins, Point aux, shipyard at, 218; smelting furnace, 222.
Pins, Portage des, on French River, 32.
Pipe stone, quarry on Lake Winnipeg, 245.
Piwatic River, see Iron River

334



^nhtx



Plains, of Saskatchewan, extent, 257, 265-66; inhab-
itants, 266; Henry visits, 257-301; use of nautical

terms on, 299.
Pluie, Lake a la, see Rainy Lake.
Polygamy, among Cristinaux, 241; among Indians in

general, 292-93.
Pond, Peter, describes vows paid at St. Anne's, i8;

career, 243-44; goes to Fort Dauphin, 253.
Pontiac, leads Indians against English, xiii, 13; besieges

Detroit, 174; makes peace, 178; death, 178-79.
Poplar trees, food for beaver, 126; on Saskatchewan

River, 246, 268; at Fort des Prairies, 303.
Porcupine, true name, 141.
Potatoes, cultivated at Michilimackinac, 217; at

Michipicoten, 217.
Prairie des Franf ais. La, on French River, 33.
Prairie du Chien, peace council, 189-90.
Prairies. Fort des, destination of J. B. Cadotte, Sr.,

253; location, 265; Great Road visits, 298-302;

description, 303.
Presqu'isle, Bradstreet's army at, 177; council at, 178.
Puants, Bay des, see Green Bay.
Quebec, surrender of, xii, 3; Charles Langlade at

siege of, 80; Montgomery assaults, 317.
Raccoons, method of hunting, 128-29; numbers

caught, 132.
Radisson, Pierre Esprit, sieurd', winters at Chequame-

gon Bay, 189.
Rainy Lake, Henry traverses, 253.
Rainy River, Henry traverses, 233-34, 318; scarcity of

game, 234.
Rapid, The, Churchill River chief, 311.
Rat, Portage du, Henry passes, 236-37.
Rattlesnakes, superstitions concerning, 168-71.
Red deer, habitat, 126; hunted, 135, 142; season for

hunting, 141; carcass found, 264; on plains of

Saskatchewan, 289.
Revolutionary War, news of in Northwest, 317-18.
Rideau Falls, described, 21.

335



^nhtx



Robinson, Alexander, Potawatomi chief, account of

Matchekewis, 157.
Roche Capitaine, Portage du, described, 28.
Roche Rouge, pipestone quarty, 245.
Roosevelt, Theodore, on grizzly bear hunting, 315
Ross, John, Peter Pond kills, 244.
Royale, He, Carver's report concerning, 216.
Rum, Indian carousal over, 6-7; "English milk," 45;

drinking by Lake of the Woods Indians. 235-36;

demanded by Chatique, 251; price, 304; diluted for

Indian trade, 304, 311.
Sable Point, location, 123.
Sacrifices, of dogs, 107, 125, 144, 170, 289; to Great

Turtle, 163; to rattlesnake, 170-71; of Henry

proposed, 171; to Nanibojou, 205; among Assini-

boin, 289.
Saginaw Bay, Indians visit Michilimackinac, 150.
Sagunac (Saginaga) Lake, Indians of, 232-33.
St. Anne, vows offered at Church, 18.
St. Anne Rapids, 17-18.
St. Charles Fort, location, 236.
St. Claire Lake, settlements near, 180; Indian villages,

180.
St. Franfais Lake, Henry reaches. 10.
St. Ignace Cape, near St. Martin Island, 123.
St. Ignace Mission, established by Marquette, 184.
St. Ignace Point, Henry visits, 151.
St. James, capital of Mormon kingdom, 94.
St. Joseph, Fort, raided, 12; site, 53; Ottawa save

garrison, 106.
St. Lawrence River, Gen. Amherst descends, 3-4;

Henry navigates rapids, 8-10; character, 17.
St. Louis, Pontiac buried at, 179.
St. Martin Island, Henry sojourns on, 133.
St. Pierre River, trading expedition planned, 47.
St. Sulpice, mission, 19.
Sand bars, at river mouths, 125,
Sandusky Bay, Bradstreet's army at, 177-78.
Santee Indians, origin of name, 277.

336



^nticx



Saskatchewan (Bourbon, Pasquayah) River, Henry
ascends, 246-53; 259-67; fur trade rivalry, 303.

Sauk Indians, play ball with Chippewa, 78, 86-87.

Sault du Recolet, Portage du, on French River, 32-33.

Sault Ste. Marie, journey from Michilimackinac to, 59;
fort, 59-60; fishing, 60-61, 63; Chippewa village at,
61; fort burned, 64; garrison withdraws to Michili-
mackinac, 64; Indians friendly .to English, 150-51;
Henry winters at, 180; embarks for, 184; barge built,
217; sloop, 218.

Schlosser, Fort, at Niagara portage, 175-76.

Schoolcraft, Henry R., search for Wawatam, xix,
iSS-56.

Serpent, Rapide du, on Churchill River, 309.

Seven Years' War, xii.

Silver, on Iron River, 187; on Nanibojou Island, 222.

Simcoe Lake, Henry traverses, 171-72; Indians visit
Fort Niagara, 171, 175; enrolled in battalion. 175-77.

Sioux (Nadowessie) Indians, Henry plans expedition
to, 47; warfare with Chippewa, 189-90, 195-96, 232,
236; relation to Assiniboin, 266, 289.

Slaves, Indian, 81; among Assiniboin, 266, 295-97.

Slave River (Kiratchinini Sibi), information concern-
ing, 313.

Sledges, Indian, described, 257.

Snakes, on Island of Yellow Sands, 216, 218-20. See
also rattlesnakes.

Snake Indians, neighbors of Assiniboin, 288.

Snowshoe evil, described. 68; cure, 68.

Solomon, Ezekiel, at Michilimackinac, 48; in massacre,
93, 95, 105.

South Chicago, battle near, 13.

Spaniards, supply horses to Assiniboin, 289.

Spruce trees, on Saskatchewan River, 246; on Church-
ill, 308.

Strang, James Jesse, founds Mormon kingdom, 94.

Stag, see red deer.

Sturgeon, in Ontonagon River, 186; in Lake Winnipeg,
246; in Saskatchewan River, 247; in Cedar Lake,

337



S^nticjt:



248; in Beaver Lake, 255; as diet, at Cumberland

House, 258.
Sturgeon Lake, Cumberland House on, 251; described,

253; Henry traverses, 258.
Sturgeon Weir River, see Maligne River.
Sudatories, see sweating houses.
Superior (Wis.), see Fond du Lac.
Superior, Lake, mines of, 210; French schooner on,

216; company formed to work mines, 217; barge

built, 217; sloop, 218, 225-26; mining operations,

218-24.
Superstitions, concerning fear, 139-40; dreams, 151;

Great Turtle, 161-66; rattlesnakes, 168-71; rob-
bing the Great Spirit, 194-95; of Great Road about

hair, 278.
Swans, at Beaver Lake, 306.
Sweating houses, among Indians, 291.
Tetes de Boule Indians, see Wood Indians.
Tete de la Loutre, see Otter's Head.
Thunder Island, name, 230.
Tobacco, Henry uses, 149-50; offered to Great Turtle,

163, 165; to rattlesnake, 168-70; use by Indians,

273; in Indian trade, 304.
Tonnerre. He au, see Thunder Island.
Toronto (Toranto), carrying-place, 172.
Totems, function of, 295.

Townshend, , partner in mining company, 226.

Tracy, , trader, at Fort Michilimackinac, 73; in

massacre, 79. 92, 105.
Trembles, Fort aux, on Saskatchewan River, 303.
Tripe de Roche, substitute for food, 212-13.
Trout, at Michilimackinac, 55; spearing described,

65-66; at Chequamegon Bay, 191; catch relieves

famine, 202; in Beaver Lake, 255.
Tutchet, Sir Samuel, partner in mining company, 226.
Varennes, Pierre Gaultier de, establishes Fort

Bourbon, 248.
Vase, Portages a la, on Matawan River, 29-30.
Vegetables, cultivated at Michipicoten, 217.

338



S^nticjc



Venison, method of drying, 132; quantity secured,
132, 142.

Voyageurs, conditions of employment, 16, 231; cus-
toms, 18.

Waac, see tripe de roche.

Wadin, , killed in duel, 244.

Wagoshense Point, near Michilimackinac, 96.

Warren brothers, on Chequamegon Bay, 185.

Wawatam, existence denied, xix, 155-56; friendship
for Henry, 73-76, 99-103; attends feast, 104-105;
conceals H.enry, 109-111; on St. Martin's Island,
123; at Au Sable River, 123-25; gives feast, 130-31;
kills stag, 132; superstitions, 140; journey to Michi-
limackinac, 147-49; to Sault Ste. Marie, 151; fare-
well to Henry, 154-55; Schoolcraft seeks, 155.

Weeping, among Assiniboin, 276-77.

Wenniway, Chippewa chief, captor of Henry, 88-91,
93-96.

Whitefish, at Michilimackinac, 56-57; at Sault Ste.
Marie, 60-61; at Chequamegon Bay 191; in
Beaver Lake, 255; at Churchill River, 306, 309.

White River, see Pijitic River.

Wild rice, as food, 232, 235; gift, 243.

William, Fort, erected, 229-30.

Willow trees, on Saskatchewan River, 248.

Winnipeg Lake, Henry traverses, 239-46, 317; outlet,
247.

Winnipeg River, Henry traverses. 237-38.

Women, labors performed by, 132, 143, 269-71, 298;
dreams, 147; neatness of at Chequamegon Bay,
190-91; of Cristinaux tribe described, 239-41;
modesty of Assiniboin, 279; beauty, 295; of Chepe-
wyan tribe, 314.

Wolfe, Gen. James, captures Quebec, xii, 3.

Wolves, bones as feast, 263; skins as presents, 281;
on Saskatchewan River. 305.

Wood (Gens de Terre, Opimittish Ininiwac), Indians
near Sault Ste. Marie described, 61-62; country and
habits, 205-207; on Pijitic River, 228.

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Yellow Sands, Island of, legends concerning, 215-18;

Henry explores, 219-21.
York, identified with Toronto, 172.
York, Fort, on Hudson Bay, 247.



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Online LibraryAlexander HenryAlexander Henry's Travels and adventures in the years 1760-1776, ed. with historical introduction and notes by Milo Milton Quaife → online text (page 20 of 20)