Alexander Hetherwick.

A handbook of the Yao language online

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406 - ENGLISH-YAO VOCABULARY

Slant, 'perndamm.

Slap, to, timha lutemha.

Slash, kapa, gwayula.

Slave, mkapolo ; slavery, ukapolo ; slave stick, liko-

ngwa.
Sleep, to, goim mHugono', first slieep, lugono Iwa

chiwasa ; badly, gona usama.
Slender, tepana ; person, jufi chilenje.
Slide down, serereka, seretna.

Slip down, serereka, tyolamhuka ; slip off, polomoka.
Slippery, to be, teUaya.
Slope, galika ; a slope, rrmyanyo.
Slow, to be, kawa, kokowa.
Small, -nandi ; to be small, naiidupa ; make small,

ncmduya.
Smallpox, mlil% nduwi.
Smart, to be, kalamuka.

Smash, kasa, swanya, tusula, chanyanda, kanyata.
Smear, paka.
Smell sweetly, to, nunjila; badly, nunga; a smell,

liungo.
Smile, mwetulila, seka.
Smite, kunula.

Smoke, Uosi ; to smoke, kwemha, lya sona.
Smooth, to be, tiririka, tiririri, tyatyatyatya ', mya-

tika; make, tiririsya.
Snail, ngonokono.
Snake, lijoka.
Snap, of rope, kutula; snap across, nokosoka, mini-

Tiguka.
Snatch away, sumula, kwakula, kolopola, somhola.
Sneeze, jesemula.
Snore, komela {-koniesile).
Snort, suga.
Snuff, to, nusya ; snuff, sona ; take a pinch, chapa ;

snuff-box, luplano, mtete.



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ENGLISH-YAO VOCABULARY 407

So, iyoyOf sai.

Sob, hwikwitika.

Soft, tiri/rika, jolowa (-jolwewe), tiririri; soft with

moisture, nyepetala ; and dry, lepetala ; and

pulpy, -a powa, -a towa ; and pliable, tetewala ; "

to soften, johya {-jolweye).
Soil, good, chajila.

Soldier, jua namatangay jiLa majanga, asihali.
Sole of foot, hisajo (pi. masajo).
Somebody, Tnundu.
SoMETHii^G, chinduj c/iaigala.
Sometimes, pane.
Son-in-law, akwego.
Song, nyimboy chilanga.
Soon afterwards, pangakawa mnope; as soon as,

pati.
SooT, ckenjerere.

Soothe, myalasya, pembesya, tondosya.
Sore, liwanga.
Sorghum, mapemba.
Sorry, kola clutnasa, ligamba.
Sort, lukosyo ; of every, ngosyongoayo,
Sound, lilowe ; to sound, sona.
Sour, nyimg^unya {-nyung^winye)^ kaula ; of beer, ipa ;

sour tempered, chachambuka.
Source of stream, panduhjbko.
South, ku mwela.
Space, lipesa ; open, htwala.
Spare, leka.

Sparks, manyelanyela, ndete ; throw out, tatasika.
Sparse, to be, walawalawala.
Speak, wecketa ; strongly, gombelesya, limbila ; slowly,

tusya', indistinctly, nyinyitika; in low tones,

nong'ona ; with hesitation, wecheta chimene ;

back, pindtda ; for one's self, liwalanga, lisala ;

speak of, gamba.



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408 BNGLISH-YAO VOCABULARY

Spbab, lipa/iiga ; fish, Tnoinha (pL myomha) ; hippo,

chikolongo,
Spegtbe, namlukuwewe.
Spices, yahumunjUa,
' Spider, nyangata ; web, lundandanibtUi,
Spill water, jita ; solids, jasa.
Spin thread, pota ; bobbin, njinga.
Spinster, jueuli.

Spirits of dead, misimu, manunu.
Spit, suna mata ; spittle, niata.
Splash! chwml
Spleen, liwandama.
Splice wood, syenjelela ; of thread, timbilila ; a splice,

Tnalwrribo.
Splinter, of stone, chipongolomwa ; of wood, chipalor-

mandu ; of grass, chikasi.
Split up, wahda, wangvla, palula.
Spoil, jonanga, aakasya.
Spoon, chikoi.
Spoor, likumbo, liwande.
Spots, mawala.
Sprain, tininguka.
Spread out, tandika ; in sun, janika ; false reports,

naminila ; of ulcer, tokanya.
Spring, sumba ; over, tagahika ; water, uliwa.
Sprinkle, konga, misa ; with water, toga.
Sprout, mela, sepuka.

Spur of hill, hikongolo ; fowl, chiTigalimba,
Spy out, lagulUa.

Squeeze, minya ; between two sticks, wana.
Stab, soma, kosa.

Staff, aimbo, ngongo, chimbonga ; long, mtindiso.
Staggering gait, ubelubelu.
Stains, matomematome, masilisili.
Stalk (game), wenda, gwawilila.
Stammer, wecheta chimeme.



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ENGLISH-YAO VOCABULARY 409

Stand, jima ; upright, chirika.

Star, ndondwa;^ morning star, mng^andu; evening

star, msonogwe mwesi.
Start, tyoka ; early, lawa ; get a start, supuka, tojiina.
Startle, tojimya, sisimusya; be startled, sisimuka,

supuka, tojima.
State, condition, utwme.
Stay, tama, lanjela ; a long time, tamilisya.
Steadily, look steadily, hla ngongondo.
Steal, jiwa ; openly, wawcmga ; people, swamba.
Steam, lipuje.

Steep, to be, lemala ; steep in water, joloweka.
Steer, jongolela.
Steinbuck, siya.

Step upon, Uwata ; over, tagcduka.
Sterility, chisungula.
Sternness, ukcUi,
Sternum, chisanga.
Stick, chimbonga, ngongo, stirring, mtiko ; to stick,

nyambatUay kcmilila ; in the ground, simika ; in

throat, pakama ; to be sticky, nyolola, nyata,

tapuka, nyamha.
Stiff, limba ; of skin, kwindimala ; with cold, ju-

TYiula,
Still, quiet, pee, mya^ chete ; to be still, mycdala.
Sting to, ln/ma ; a sting, luwolawela.
Stink, mkuni.

Stir, to, kologanya^ kupa ; together, imya, wanganya.
Stockade, luwagcda, linga.
Stocks, ugwalata.
Stomach, chiukala.
Stone, ligcmga ; large, litunguwe.
Stool, chitengu.
^Toov, jhvama J kungv/iia, tewa.
Stop, to end, pehla.
Stopper, chisiivilo.



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410 ENGLISH-YAO VOCABULARY

Store up, salcisya, kusya, •

Stork, chumha.

Storm, rnbuTigo, mpepela.

Stout, kapa^ jimhaUiy gangcdama.

Straight, to be, jongoka, goloka; stand straight,

jima chiri ; straighten, joTigosya, golosya.
Strain beer, sungula ; salt, chirika.
Strands of rope, chijndi.

Stranger, mlendo ; strange news, iTidu ya chUertdo,
Stray, sokonechda, aockelela.
Stream, Ivsvlo,
Strength, machili.
Stretch, e, g. skin, wamba ; one's self, lijongola^ limi-

nyula, litinvla ; one's arms, tambcdukida.
Strife, umani.
Strike, puta ; with hand, timba ; with fist, twanga

suwa ; with knife, kosa ; with spear, soma.
String, hokonji; to string beads, tunga; a bow,

kunga.
Strip, to, wangida ; strip ofE bark, gwugvZa ; leaves,

pulida ; cut into strips, lenga ; strips, malenga.
Strong, to he,limbika; of heart, pimililaf kangala]

of beer, wawa.
Struggle with, kamulana.
Stubble, chisindi.

Stubborn, to be, chalamandala ; stubbornness, TiiasiMO,
Stumble, kuwala.
Stump, chisichi.
Stunted, nyolola:
Stupid, to be, lowela^ pttgwa, pvZika, lotomala ; person,

msiya, mjinga; stupidity, usUu, usiya.
Sturdy, gangalama.
Stutter, dodoma.
Subjects, achiwwna^ cdamibi.
Subside of water, pwa ; of earth, ivowocliela.
Succeed, punda, pakombola.



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ENGLISH- YAO VOCABULARY 411

Such and such, ckatichati.

Suck, yowiay joiiga ; draw a pipe, kwemha.

Suffer, sauka {-sawiche), taga (-tasile).

Suffice, jenesya ; be sufficient, jenela, jeiianila.

Suitable for, wajila.

SuLKiNEss, mhwhiya.

Summit, pa chanya, penani.

Summons, e. g, workers, laliJca.

Sun, lyuwa ; sunrise, pakucha ; at suaset, pakicswa ;

sunshine, lulanga.
Sundry, ngosyongosyo.
Supplicate, chondeUla.
Support, chinga^ chinjika, chinjirichisya.
Suppose, pela ; he supposed, vmtiji.
Surety (in marriage), imgoswe; intermediary, ungoswe.
Surly, to be, chachambuka.
Surname, Una lya kupambichila.
Surpass, punda^ wilichila.

Surprise, chilapo ; be surprised, simongwa^ jengwa.
Suspend, koleka, leleclieya.
Swallow, mila (-misile) ; bird, chiwalei
Sway, to, tepana, tenandenya.
Swear, by, himbila.
Sweep, pyajila.
Sweet, lyolyopela, nong^a.
Swell, imha, tupa, sasawila.
Swift, chachatika, tyatyatika.
Swim, ng*amila, sujila.
Swing, a, katmigwe ; to swing, liunga ;

to and fro, tenganyika.
Switch, 7npichi.
Sword, hipanga.
Syphilis, chindoko.



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412 BNGLTSH-YAO VOCABULARY



T.



Tail of bird, chikuni) of animal, mchUa; of fish,

chipyepye ; of elephant, ukcmga.
Take, tola (-tosUe); away, tyosya, umya; down, tvlu-

ay a, kolokola ; off clothes, tda (-usUe) ; out of

water, chutUa ; out of basket, juula ; a part of,

sapula ; take in from sun, kimgula, janukula.
Talk, wecheta ; to one's self, nyvnyisika ; be talkative,

twanga, hjoanya, hJcatvia ; humorously, kwere-

gtUa ; a talkative person, njelengo.
Tamarind tree, mkwesu.
Tan, uuta.

Tap, kong^onda; at door, gugusya.
Tarry, hnjela, kawa.
Taste, to, paaya^ laptUa ; badly, nunga ; well, nong'a ;

bitter, wawa ; tasteless, lukuka.
Tatoo, to, chokola ; tatoo marks, nembo.
Tax, maongo ; for ferry, chilongwe.
Teach, jiganya, wundiaya.
Tear, papula^ totokola ; into strips, nyesa ; into two,

kahda ; a tear, maoai.
Tease, tatida, sandamula ; cotton, aapay nyalula ; rope,

potokola.
Tell, aala, hila ; a story, jimha ndano.
Temper, bad, wanga^ ngalwe.
Tempt, linga, tikci.
Ten, likumL
Tendon, nguta^ mtaai.
Terrible, jogoya.
Terror-stricken, hindumhilwa.
Thank, lapila.

Thatch, wimba ; unthatch, immula.
There, ako, kwereko.
Thick, to be, kandapala (of cloth).
Tni^F^juawii', thievishness, uwii.



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BNGLI8H-YA0 VOCABULARY 413

Thigh, chiiga,

Thin, wewepala ; make thin, wewepasya.

Thing, chindu.

Think, ganisya ; think over, wasya ; thoughts, ngani-

ayo.
Thirst, njota] intense, likalangtdo ; be thirsty, kola

^ njota.
Thorn, mwiwa (pi. mitoa) ; to extract, somola.
Thread, litonji, uvsi, mbota; twist, singa; thread

string, pisya, peresya.
Threaten, pakana.
Thresh corn, kuwita.
Threshold, pa msisi.
Throat, pa ngtdo.
Throb, wita.

TuKOWyponya; Aw&jy jam, jita.
Thumb, chala elm chikongo.
Thunder, chUindimo ; to thunder, lindima.
Thus, iyoyo^ sai.
Tickle, tikinya, nyelenyesya.
Tidy, kolosya, linganya.
Tib, tawa; tightly, kuta; loosely, kjela; together,

tawikanya ; a knot, lumhikcmya.
Tighten, limhika.
Tilt up one end, chanjamula.
Time, space, ndawi ; occasion, katema ', leisure, lipesa ;

at this time, sai inoino.
Tip, mtepa, lusonga.
Tip-toe, to stand on, nyanyamilila.
Tired, sakalika, pela.
To, ku.

Toad, Ugvmii, litesi.

Tobacco, sona ; a quid, chikambi ; roll, chisingwa.
To-day, lelo.
Toe, great, chala cha chikongo ; little, chala ch/i nyo-

nje; toes, yala ya kusajo.



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414 BNGLISH-YAO VOCABULARY

Together, pampepe.

To-morrow, makiwi.

Tongue, lulimi (pi. ndimi).

Tooth, /iVm) (pi. vneno)', ca.nme, lisongolamembe', molar,

lijego ; of arrow-head, chingalimba.
Tooth-pick, lukoselo, lutonyo.
Top, a, njengo ; summit, pencmi, pachanya ; go over

the top, winuka ; place on top, sajika ; lf%j one

on top of other, nyichisya.
Torch, lumvZi (pi. sirmdi).
Tortoise, ngo7ig^o ; shell, chikolwa.
Toss ABOUT, ponyaponya.
Touch, kwaya (-kwaiye).
Tough, to be, nja/njandala, cltalamandala.
Track of animal, likumhoy liwcmdcj mpito^ ; to track,

wendawenda, gwalila, lapata.
Trade, to, pinda mcdonda, wcmga ; trade, upasq^m.
Train up, leUiy chinga.
Trample, liwata ; tramp clay, 2)onda.
Transfix, totomeka.
Transform, syuka.
Trap, flat stone, liliwa ; snare, lukonji, lukoka ; fish-

trap, msipu, msolda ; rat-trap, lUesa ; or field

rats, chipoto ; for game, mapetwa.
Traveller, mlendo.
Treachery, malindi,
Treadj liwata.
Treat badly, chima.
Tree, mtela.

Tremble, tetemela ; a tremor of skin, masale.
Trench, lukolomu.
Tribe, lukosyo.

Tributary to, to be, laniba ; tribute, tdambi.
Tricb^, to play a, tenda c/ujmache.
Trickle of water, svlvia.
Trigger, chisongamdeo ; trigger-guard, ling*andu.



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BNGLISH-YAO VOCABULABY 415

Tbim beard or eaves of house, chisa.

Tbip, to, pyalulcc, fyatangvla,

Tbouble, sakalisya ; be troubled in mind, singalilwa.

Tbunk of elephant, chaso ; of tree, lipataf chipicJiiti.

Truss of calico, wluchu^ mtumha.

Trust in, ktUupUUa.

Truth, umbane.

Try, linga.

Tumble, gwa, limhukuka ; about, galagaiika ; from

height, patuka ; of wall, gumuka.
Tumour, ndesi.
TuBN, to, pitikuka, galauka ; aside from, sepuchilaj

chiliuka ; over to one side, pendeka ; round, syo-

sya ; one's back upon, tundimiala; in turns,

pachisyay tindcmya.
Turtle, ngasi.

Tusk, mnyanga ; of ivory, ndemho.
Twenty, makumi gawili.
Twine, to, syenga.
Twinkle, nyetula.
Twist, string, syenga ; neck of fowl, popotola, nyonga,

U.

Ulcer, liwanga ; rodent, chimatule.
Uncle, father's brother, atati ; mother's, akwelu7ne.
Unclean, -a usakwa,
Uncoil, syenjekvla.
Uncooked, to be, lopa.
Underneath, pasi pakwe.

Understand, manyUila, kochehcheaya^ pilikana ; un-
derstanding, umanyilisi.
Undo, kachulanya.
Undone, to be, pela.
Undress, to, ula.
Unfasten, gopola^ lumbukula.



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416 BNGLISH-YAO VOCABULARY

Unfilled, to be, tikama ; unfilled, -a litika.

Unfold, sapanguUiy pindikvla.

Unpick sewing, totokola,

Unpliable, changalama.

Unripe, -wisi.

Unsteady, heluhelu.

Unthatch, vnmula.

Untie, gopola, lumhukula.

Until, mpaka.

Untwist, syenjekula.

Unwearied, kangala.

Up-hill, kumkvli.

Upright, to stand, chirika.

Uproar, ungido.

Upside down, turn, pikusya.

Urge to work, chisya.

Urine, makweag.

Use of a thing, masengo gakwe ; useless, -mtega ; n^e-
lessly, pamtega, wambape ; to be useless, polopo-
teka ; useful, jtoana samani, juana masengo,

V.

Vain, in, pa mtega.

Valley, litiwi.

Value, mtengo ; to value, temela.

Vapour, lipuje.

Variance with, wengana^ tindana ; make at, komya.

Variegated, kolomhana.

Vegetables, liponda.

Vein, m,ta8i msindo ; varicose, kasipa.

Vengeance, mauchisyo.

Verandah, mwipenu ; post, luchanamUa (pi. tijana-

mila) ; room, lukole.
Verily, chisimu'cho.
Vessel, for oil, chisasi ; ugali, chiulugo.



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EN6LISH-YA0 VOCABULARY 417

Vexbd, to be, laga.

Vibrate, guiigwmila.

Village, musi (pi. misi) ; large, mainda, mtete ; out-
lying, mlaga ; meeting-place, pa7ig(mya.

Violin, ching^wenyetig^wenye.

Viper, lipiH.

Visible, wonechda, walawanduka.

Voice, lUowe\ broken, lUowe lya nicdenderef weclieta
rncdemha malemba ; loud, Uloioe lyekuVaiigwa,

Vomit, tapika, sehda, nyukula.

Vows, mcdcmgaTw,

Vulture, nyatigaj litvmbuai.

W.

Wad of gun, lihicsa, lilmti.

Wag of hesid, pukunya.

Wage war, tanjila ivgondo ; wages, inhotey malipilo.

Waist, m*chiuno.

Waistcoat, chisubao.

Wait, liiida,jembecheya ; lie in wait for, juwiUli, cliere-

reka ; place for lying in wait, chiuwUisi,
Waken a person, jimuaya.
Walk, jenda; slowly, jenda chikongwe; quickly, tvr

gala ; backwards, jenda chitukvlulu ; carefully,

lita/ndaaya ; unable to, telekwa.
Walking-stick, cfiimh(ynga.
Wall, Upupa,
Wander, sokonecltela ; wanderer, juakoendolwetido ;

wandering disposition, chijewajewa.
Want, soaa, saka, pila ; be in want of, sowa*
War, ngondoy chipiri, njakde.
Warm one's self at fire, jota ; in sun, lijotela.
Warn, tetela.
Warp, the, unga.
Wart, ausuwa,

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418 ENGLISH-YAO VOCABULABT

Wash, mha-, clothes, chapa\ the face, aukumlAA',

hands, nawa ; body, jonga \ feet, chesa.
Wasp, lUendeu.

Watch, UndiMla ; house for, vMnda.
Watbr, mesi; salt, chidulo ; bucket tor, njembo;

waterfall, matiti ; sound of waterfall, chikokomo ;

water-pot, hiulo ; watershed, mliUy lu^ndo.
Wave, litvmhda ; to wave in wind, tengana.
Way, litala ; in this way, we tUende 'wo ; get out of,

tukuka.
Weak, kpetala, topvoana, tochomah; weakness, chi-

givembde.
Wealth, vsichirisif ipanje.
Wear, wala {-wete) ; loin-cloth, takula ; wear away,

kUa,
Wearied, sakalika.
Weave, basket, luka ; cloth, gomba.
Web, spider's, hindandambuli.
Web of foot of duck, utamhwe.
Weed, to, tv/pula ; a weed, chikoko.
Weep, lUa ; weeping, chililo (pi. moMlo).
Welcome, komasya.

Well, icheneiie, chikotope ; a well, chisima.
West, ku likwinjila 1/yuwa.
Wet, ngowd, tepeta; of ground, nyakapala] damp

ground, chinyesi ; wetness, iidepete,
WhatI chichi?

When 1 chaka chi ? ndawi chi ?
Where 1 kwapi ?
Whether, — or, kanga, — kav^a,
Whjctstone, Unolo.
Whip of rhinoceros hide, chigoti.
Whirling round, ndendela.
Whirlpool, chititUa ; whirlwind, chimbunga.
Whiskers, msalapa.
Whisper, songona.



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ENGLISH-YAO VOCABULARY 419

Whistle, to, gomba hdusi ; a whistle, chikwehiy chi-
pydele.

White, mhu, -swela ; to whiten, stvejesya ; by rubbing
chesa ; whiteness, unyunyu.

Who 1 nduni ? rvani ?

Whose] -cheni?

Why ] ligo7igo chidii ?

"WiDoyfijua ma'»ije.

Width, chitipa ; of cloth, chitando.

Wife, msonogo.

Wilful, to be, sengwa.

Wind, mhungOy mbepo ; south, mwela ; west, m'umbo ;
north, mpoto ; sound in trees, changula ; a whirl-
wind, chimbwnga ; windings, mhindo mhindo.

Wing, lipapiko.

Wink, to, kupila.

Winnow, ululn^/a.

Wipe, puhuta.

Wisdom, lunda.

Wise,, to be, kah/muha, kola kinda.

Wish, aosa, saka^ pila (-pilile).

Witchceaft, tbsawi; witch, msawi, lisawi.

With, ni.

Wither, nyala {^lyasile)^ jtmiula; and crumple, j?o-
wana.

Without, to be, sowa

Witness, mboni.

Wits, mate.

Woman, juamkongwe ; women, <
woman, mkolwa (pi. mikolwa).

Wonder, chilapo ; to wonder at, la^

Wood, mteh, ; forest, mseao ; a piec

Word, lihwe.

Work, to, panganya masengo; hard
piganya; steadily, chinjirima ;
leave off work, weliika.



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420 ENGLISH-YAO VOCABULARY

Worm, Unymigolosi,

Worn out and old, wiscda.

Worship, lomba, tindiwalila. ♦

Worthy, to be, wajUwa,

Wound, liwanga ; to wound, tdala^ gawa.

Wraith, chilengwa.

Wrap up in, wilijilila^ wiriga.

Wriggle about, puhiputa, ^n7i)n7a, salamanda.

Wring out, nyonga^ minya ; wring neck of fowl,

popotolay pota.
Wrinkles, ainya^ makwinyata.
Wrist-bone, chisukusuku.
Writhe, pilinyinda.
Wrong, -a mtega ; do wrong, lemwa, soya ; prove in

wrong, Busa ; wrongly, pamtega, wamhape,

Y.

Yard, Ivpande,

Yawn, tenda mwaju.

Year, chaka ; this year, c?iaka *chi7io, namiyaka ; next

year, c?iaka chine ; last year, mwacheso ; year

before last, mwachejusi ; year by year, cliaka

chaka.
Yeast, chilimgo.
Yes, elo.

Yesterday, liso ; day before, lijttsi.
Yield, kunda.

Yoke, lujinga, iigolopingo^ likongwa.
Yolk of eggy chitimatima, chititi, -i

Youngest of family, juamnung^una. *

Youth, a, msongolo, mchaiida ] youth, uchatida, uso- *

ngolo,

Z.
Zebra, mhmda.



Richard Clay <V *'o««, Limited^ London 4- Bungay,



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Digitized by GoOgl^



Digitized by VjOOQIC



Digitized by VjOOQIC



nv.^^,f^



Digitized by VjOOQIC



Digitized by VjOOQIC





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Online LibraryAlexander HetherwickA handbook of the Yao language → online text (page 23 of 23)