Alexander Pope.

The works of Alexander Pope Esq. : In nine volumes, complete. With his last corrections, additions, and improvements; as they were delivered to the editor, a little before his death. Together with the commentary and notes of Mr. Warburton (Volume 4) online

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Online LibraryAlexander PopeThe works of Alexander Pope Esq. : In nine volumes, complete. With his last corrections, additions, and improvements; as they were delivered to the editor, a little before his death. Together with the commentary and notes of Mr. Warburton (Volume 4) → online text (page 12 of 18)
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Moxetiam (fi forte vacas) fequere, etprocul audi,
Quid ferat, et quare fibi ne<5tat uterque coronam.
Caedimur et totidem plagis confumimus hoftem,
Lento Samnites ad lumina prima duello.
Difcedo Alcaeus pun&o illius i ille meo quis ?
Quis, nift Callimachus ? fi plus adpofcere vifus ;
Fit Mimnermus, et optivo cognomine crefcit.
Multa fero, ut placem genus ifritabile vatum^
Cum fcribo, et fupplex populi fufFragia capto :
Idem, finitis ftudiis, et mente recepta,
Obturem patulas immune legentibus aures.

o Ridentur mala qui componunt carmina : verum
Gaudent fcribentes, et fe venerantur, et ultro,

NOTES.

VER. 139. Merlins Ca<ve,~] In the Royal Gardens at
Richmond. By this it ftiould feem as if the colleftion of
poetry, in that place, was not to our Author's tafte.



Ep. II. OF HORACE. 219

" 'Twas, Sir, your law" and " Sir, your eloquence/*
"Yours, Cowper's manner and yours, Talbot's
" fenfe.

n Thus we difpofe of all poetic merit, 135

Yours Milton's genius, and mine Homer's fpirit.
Call Tibbald Shakefpear, and he'll fwear the Nine,
Dear Gibber ! never match'd one Ode of thine.
Lord ! how we ftrut thro' Merlin's Cave, to fee
No Poets there, but Stephen, you, and me. 140
Walk with refpeft behind, while we at eafe
Weave laurel Crowns, and take what names we pleafe.
*' My dear Tibullus !" if that will not do,
" Let me be Horace, and be Ovid you :
" Or, I'm content, allow me Dryden's ftrains,' 145
*' And ybu (hall rife up Otway for your pains."
Much do I fuffer, much, to keep in peace
This jealous, wafpifh, wrong-head, rhyming race j
And much muft flatter, if the whim fhouldbite
To court applaufe by printing what I write : 150
But let the Fit pafs o'er, I'm wife enough,
To flop my ears to their confounded fluff.

In vain, bad Rhymers all mankind reject,
They treat themfelves with moft profound refpeft ,

NOTES.

VER. 140. "But Stephen,] Mr. Stephen Duck, a modeft
and worthy man, who had the honour (which many, who
thought themfelves his betters in poetry, had not) of being
fteemcd by Mr. Pope.



220 IMITATIONS Book II.

Si taceas, laudant ; quidquid fcripfere, beati.

At qui legitimum cupiet fecifle poema,
Cum tabulis animum cenforis fumet honefti :
Audebit quaecunque parem fplendoris habebunt,
Et fine ponders erunt, et bonore indigna ferentur,
Verba movere loco ; quamvis invita recedant,
Et verfentur adhuc intra penetralia Veftae :
* Obfcurata diu populo bonus eruet, atque

NOTES.

VER. I 59. not a word they fpare, That wants or force,
or light, or ^weight, or care,\ Force and light refpeft figura-
tive exprej/ion ; and fignify, that it be fuch as awakes the
imagination, and be taken from obvious fubjecls; for
without the firft quality it will want force ; without the
other, light.

Weight and care re(pec~l literal exprej/ion, the firft mark-
ing out the character of the verb ; the other of the noun ;
and fignify, that, in every propofition, the attribute mould
be important, and the fubjett precife.

VER. 164. In downright charity revive the dead i] This is

very happily exprefTed, and means, that it is the Poet's

office to relieve the poverty of the prefent language with

the ufelefs ftores of the pad ; not out of charity to the

dead, but to the living. " The riches of a language (fays

a very fine writer and moil judicious critic) are actually

increafed by retaining its old words ; and befides they

have often a greater real weight and dignity than thofe

of a more fafhionable caft, which fucceed to them.

This needs no proof to fuch as are verfed in the earlier



Ep. II. OF HORACE. 221

'Tis to fmall purpofe that you hold your tongue, 155
Each prais'd within, is happy all day long,
But how feverely with themfelves proceed
The men, who write fuch Verfe as we can read ?
Their own ftri& Judges, not a word they fpare,
That wants or force, or light, or weight, or care, 160
Howe'er unwillingly it quits its place,
Nay tho' at Court (perhaps) it may find grace:
Such they'll degrade j and fometimes, in its ftead,
p In downright charity revive the dead j

NOTES.

* writings of any language." And again, " From thefe
' teflimonies we learn, the extreme value which thefe
' great mailers of compofition fet upon their old writers ;
' and as the reafon of the thing juftifies their opinions,
' we may further fee the important ufe of fome late at-
tempts to reftore a better knowledge of our own.
Which I obferve with pleaiure, as the growing preva-
lency of a different humour, firft catched, as it fbould
feem, from our commerce with the French models,
and countenanced by the too fcrupulous delicacy of
fome good Writers amongft ourfelves, had gone far
towards uunervir?. tae noblefl modern language, and
effeminating the public tafte. This was not a little fbr-
warded by what generally makes its appearance at the
fame time, a kind of feminine curiofity in the choice of
words ', cautioufly avoiding and reprobating all fuch
(which were not feldoin the moft expreffive) as had
been prophaned by a too vulgar ufe, or had fnffered
the touch of fome other accidental taint. This ran us
" into periphrafis and general expreffion ; the peculiar
'' bane of every polifhed language." Evg. Commentary and
Notes on the An fsstiia of Hera ce, p. 43, 44.



222 IMITATIONS Book II.

Proferet in lucem fpeciofa vocabula rerum,

Quae prifcis memorata Catonibus atque Cethcgis,
Nunc fitus informis premit et deferta vctuftas :
Adfcifcet nova, quae genltor produxerit ufus :
Vehement et liquidus, puroque fimillimus amni,
Fundet opes, Latiumque beabit divite lingua :
Luxuriantia compefcet : nimis afpera fano
Levabit cultu, virtute carentia toilet :

NOTES.

VER. 167. Command old words that long havejlept, (9
ivake,"] The imagery is here very fublime. It turns the
Poet to a Magician evoking the dead from their fepul-
chres,

Et mugire folum, manefque exire fepulchris.
Horace has not the fame force,

Proferet in lucem fpeciofa vocabula rerum.

VER. 170. For Ufe will 'father what's begot by Senfe] A
very fine and happy improvement on the exprejfion, if not
on the thought, of his original.

VER. 174. Prune the luxuriant, &c.] Our Poet, at about
fifteen, got acquainted with Waljh, whofe candour and
judgment he has celebrated in his Effay on Criticifm. Walfh
encouraged him greatly, and ufed to tell him, there was
one road ftill open for diilinftion, in which he might excel
the reft of his countrymen, and that was by correttntfs, in
which the Englifh Poets had been remarkably deficient.
For tho' we have had feveral great Genius's, yet not one
of them knew how to prune his luxurianaes. This there-
fore, as he had talents thai feem capable of things wor-



Ep. H. OF HORACE. 213

Mark where a bold exprefiivc phrafe appears, 165

Bright thro' the rubbifh of fome hundred years ;

Command old words that long have flept, to wake,

Words, that wife Bacon, or brave Rawleigh fpake ;

Or bid the new be Englifh, ages hence,

(For Ufe will father what's begot by Senfe) 170

Pour the full tide of eloquence along, J

Serenely pure, and yet divinely ftrong, >

Rich with the treafures of each foreign tongue j j

Prune the luxuriant, the uncouth refine,

But fhow no mercy to an empty line : 175

NOTES.

thy improving, mould be his principal ftudy. Oar young
Author followed his Advice, till habit made correcting the
moft agreeable, as well as ufeful, of all his poetical ex-
ercifes. And the delight he took in it produced die effe&
he fpeaks of in the following lines,

Then polifh all with fo much life and eafe,
You think 'tis nature, and a knack to pleafe.
We are not commonly taught to expert this effecl: from
correction ; and it has been obferved oftener to produce
a heavy ftiffhefs, which by another image the ancients
called fmelling of tkc lamp. And without doubt this will,
moft an end, be the confequence, when it is discharged
with pain, and merely as a task. But when it becomes
an exercife of pleafure, the judgment lying no harder oa
the fancy, than to diieci its faliies ; will preferve the Cfe^i
and the fancy will fo lighten the judgment as to produce
eafe.

VE R . 175. ButJJjo'w no nxrcy to aa empty line ;] To fach,
our Poet was always inexorable. Unlefs it was once,
when in the full blaze of his glory, he chofe to iacrifice



224 IMITATIONS Bobk II.

Ludentis fpeciem dabit, et torqucbitur, ut qui

Nunc Satyrurri, nunc agreftem Cyclopa movetun

NOTES.

to envy, in that devoted and execrable line, in one of the
beft tranflated books of the OdyfTey,

" Clofe to the ClifFwith both his hands he clung,
" And ftuck adherent, andfufpendtd bung.
The tribe of fmall wits and critics could never have fnp-
ported themfelves without the confolation of fuch a verfe,
to which they have ever fincey?r/ adherent, and fufpe nded
bung. Shakefpear afforded the Dunces of his time the
fame confolation, if we believe Ben Johnfon, by his
C&far diet never nvrong but nuithjuft caufe. But there is a
fort of ftill lower Creatures, at the tail of which is one
EDWARDS, who can make fhift to fubfift even on a Prin-
ter's blunder. The late Editor of Shakefpear gave order
to the corrector of the prefs, that all Mr. Pope's notes
fhould be printed in their places. In one of thefe there
was mention made, as they fay, of fome Italian novels (I
forget whofe) in which Dec. and Nov. were printed thus
contracledly. But the printers of the late edition length-
ened them into December and November, and, in this con-
dition they are charged upon the Editor by this Edwards.
Now, was the man fuch a Dunce to make his criticifm
with good faith, he is much to be pitied ; was he fuch a
Knave to make it without, he is much more to be pitied.

VER. 176. Then polijh all, c5V.] A celebrated French
writer fays " L'art d'etre eloquent en vers eft de tous les
" arts le plus difficile, et le plus rare. On trouvera mille
** Genies qui fcauront aranger un ouvrage, et le verfifier
*' d'une maniere commune ; mais le trailer en vrai Poete,
" c'eft un talent qui eft donne a trois ou quatre hommes
" fur la terre.

VER. 177. Ton think "'tis Nature, and a knack to pleafe }



Ep. II. OF HORACE. 225

Then polifh all, with fo much life and eafe,
You think 'tis nature, and a knack to pleafc :
" But eafe in writing flows from Art, not chance ;
" As thofe move eaiieft who have learn'd to dance.

NOT E s.

The reafon is becaufe we are wont to give to nature every
thing that is plain, eafy, and fimple ; without reflecting,
that that artificial ordonance ol words and expreflion,
from whence this eafe arifes, is the effect of much ftudy
and application. It is true, that ftudy is commonly ob-
ferved to deitroy this very eafe, which, we fay, arifes from
it. It may, and will do fo in a common writer ; but ne-
ver, in a genius. The precifely right expreflion is but<?f,
while the meaning required may be tolerably conveyed in
one hundred. But in fuch a croud, the fearch requires la-
bour ; and when you have hit upon the right, unlefs you
have tajle as well as judgment, you will never know, for
certain, that it is the very thing you feek ; fo you go on
till you are tired ; and then the firft that offers is received.
Whereas a genius feizes it as foon as found, and never
fuffers the change to be put upon him by its counterfeit.

VER. 178. But eafe in writing, cjfr.J That fpecies of
writers, which our Poet elfewhere calls

The mob of Gentlemen who wrote with eafe,
underftood this quality of a poem to belong only to fuch as
(a certain wit fays) were eafily written ; whereas he fup-
pofes it to be the laft and hardly attained perfection of a
laboured work. But AcGe*t&m4*~ivrfti9g, laughed at in
the line above, and its oppolite, which he fomewhere calls
profe run mad, are the two extremes of that perfect ftyle,
the idea of which he has here fo well defcribed from his
own writings. As eafe was the mode of the laft age, which
took Suckling for its pattern ; fo the imitation of Milton has
introduced a pompous hardnefs into the affedled writings
of the prefent. Which laft Character Quintilian defcribes

VOL. IV, Q



226 IMITATIONS Book II.

1 Practulcrim fcriptor delirus inerfque videri,

Dum mca delcEltnt mala me, vel denique fall W,
Quam faperc, ct fingi. Fuit baud ignobi/.'s Argis,
Qyi fe credebat miros audire tragoedos,
In vacuo laetus fuflbr plauforque ibcatro :
Caettra qui vitae fcrvatet munia re&o
More y bonus fane vicinus, amabilh hofpe?,
Comis in uxorcm ; pfflt qui ignofcere fervis,
Kt figno laefo non infaiiirt lagenae :

' qui rupem, ct puteum vitare patentem.
Tlic ubi cognatorum opibus curifque refedlus,
Expulit elleboro morbum bilemque meraco,

NOTES.

very juflly, and account? well for its fuccefs, " Eve-
" nit nonnunquam UL aliquid granc'e inveniat, qui fem-
" per quaerit quoJ niriinm elt; verum e'c r.:ro cvenit,
" ct c;;etera vitia non penfat/ 1 I rcincmber once, on
reading a poem of thi^ kind with Mr. P< pc, where the
Poet was always on the ftrain, and labouring for expref-
lion, he faid pleafantly : This ii a Jl range v:an : be fecms to
': mcitb the Apotbtcarnr^ that Album g;-extm is better than
an ordinary Jlosl. He hinifelf was never fwclling or poin-
pous : and if over he inclined to hardncfs, it was not from
attempting to fay a common thing with magnificence, but
from including a great deal in a little room.

VER. 184. There linfd in primo Georgii, C5V.] Tlie imi-
tation of this ftory of the Madman is r.s much fuperior
to his original, in the fine and eafy manner of telling,
that of Luculltis's Soldier ccmes mort of it. It is true the
turn Horace's madman took, agrees better with the fi'.b-
jccl of his Epiille, which is Pcftry ; and doubt/
w.'x- other beavties in it, which time lias depriv.



Ep. II. OF H O R A C E. 227

' If fuch the plague and pains to write by rule,
Better (fay I) be pleas'd, and play the fool; 181
Call, if you will, bad rhyming a difeafe,
It gives men happinefs, or leaves them cafe.
There liv'd in priruj Gecrgii (they record)
A worthy member, no fmall fool, a Lord ; 185
Who, tho' the Houfe was up, delighted fate,
Heard, noted, anfwer'd, as in full debate :
In all but this, a man of fober life,
Fond of his Friend, and civil to his Wife ;
Not quite a mad-man, tho' a party fell, rJ8

And much too wife to walk into a well.
Him, the damn'd Doctors and his Friends immur'd,
They bled, they cupp'd, they purg'd j in fliortj they

cur'd :

NOTES.

For it is in poetry as in painting, the moft delicate touche*
$pfrjl ; and, what is worfe, they agree in this too, that
they are lafl obferved. So that, what between time and
ill tafle, the greateft beauties are the fliortefl lived. But
we need not wonder that ancient fatirifts (hould feel the
effects of this fatal union, when thole noble ones of fb
modern a date as Rablais and Cervantes are lo little un-
derftood. One of the fineft ftrokes in the latter is in the
plan of this famous Romance, which makes a Spanifli
Gentleman of fifty run mad with reading books of Chi-
valry. But we fee little of its beauty, becaufj we do noc
know that a difordered imagination is a common malady
amongft Spanifh Gentlemen in the decline of life. A fact
which Thuanus occasionally informs us of, " Mendoza
M letoit un fort habile homme, jl avoit e:4 employe en de
** grandes Ambnflr.des fur la, ^n de fes jours il devint fk
" rieux, corrur.c d'ordinaire les Efpaenols." fkttana,

0.2



IMITATIONS Book II.
Et redit ad fefe : Pol me occidiftis, amici,

Non fervaftis, ait ; cui fie extorta voluptas,
Et demtus per vim mentis gratiffcmus error.

r Nimirum fapere eft abje&is utile nugis,
Et tempeftivum pueris concedere ludum ;
f Ac non verba fequi fidibus modulanda Latinis,
Sed verse numerofque jnodofque edifcere vitae.
Quocirca mecum loquor haec, tacitufque recorder :

* Si tibi nulla fitim finiret copia lymphae,
Narrares medicis : quod quanto plura parafti,
Tanto plura cupis, nulline faterier audes ?

r Si vulnus tibi monftrata radice vel herba

.
Non fieret levius, fugeres radice vel herba

NOTES.

VER. 218. When golden Angeh, fcff.] This illuftration is
much happier than what is employed in his original \ as



Ep. II. OF HORACE. 229

Whereat the gentleman began to ftare 1 94

My Friends ! he cry'd, p x take you for your care !
That from a Patriot of diftinguifli'd note,
Have bled and purg'd me to a fimple Vote.

r Well, on the whole, plain Profe muft be my fate :
Wifdom (curfe on it) will come foon or late.
There is a time when Poets will grow dull : 200
I'll e'en leave verfes to the boys at fchool :
To rules of Poetry no more confin'd,
I learn to fmooth and harmonize my Mind,
Teach ev'ry thought within its bounds to roll,
And keep the equal meafure of the Soul. 205

s Soon as I enter at my country door,
My mind refumes the thread it dropt before ;
Thoughts, which at Hyde-park-corner I forgot,
Meet and rejoin me, in the penfive Grot.
There all alone, and compliments apart, 210

I afk thefe fober queftions of my heart.

1 If, when the more you drink, the more you crave,
You tell the Doctor ; when the more you have,
The more you want, why not with equal eafe
Confefs as well your Folly, as Difeafe? 215

The heart refolves this matter in a trice,
" Men only feel the Smart, but not the Vice."

v When golden Angels ceafe to cure the Evil,
You give all royal Witchcraft to the Devil :

NOTES.

by raifing pecuniary ideas, it prepares the mind for that
morality it is brought to illuftrate.

Q.3



IMITATIONS Book II.

Proficiente nihil curarier : audieras, cui

Rem Di donarint, illi decedere pravam
Stultitiam 3 et, cum fis nihilo fapientior, ex quo
Plenior es, tamen uteris monitoribus ifdem ?

At fi divitiae prudentem reddere poflent,
Sicupidum timidumque minus te j nempe ruberes,
Viveret in terris te fi quis avarior uno.

w Si proprium eft, quod quis libra mercatus et acre eft,
Quaedam (fi credis confultis) mancipat ufus :
Qui te pafcit ager, tuus eft j et villicus Orbi,
Cum fegetes occat tibi mox frumenta daturas,
Te dominum fentit.

* das nummos ; accipis livam,
Pullos, ova, cadum, temeti : nempe modo ifto
Paulatim mercaris agrum, fortafle trecentis,
Aut etiam fupra nummorum millibus emtum.
Quid refert, vivas numerate nuper, an ol'rm ?

y Emtor Airicini quondam, Veientis et arvi,
Emtum coenat olus, quamvis aliter putat ; ernti?
Sub notem gelidam lignis calefadat ahenum.

NOTES.

VER. 220. VPken fertile Chaplains cry,] Dr. Xen t.
VER. 229. lo'v'dfixpftTce,] Avaricfe, and the contempt
f itj is well expreffed in thefe words.

3



Ep. II. OF HORACE. 231

When fervile Chaplains cry, that hirth and place 220
Indue a Peer with honour, truth, and grace,
Look in that breaft, moft dir-ty D ! be fair,
Say, can you find out one fuch lodger there?
Yet ftill, not heeding what your heart can teach,
You go to church to hear thefe Flatt'rers preach. 22)

Indeed, could wealth bellow or wit or merit,
A grain of courage, or a fpark of fpirit,
The wifcft man mijrht blufh, I muft an;ree,

f * O *

If D*** lov'd fixpence, more than he.

w If there be truth in Law, and Ufe can give 230
A Property, that's yours on which you live.
Delightful Abs-court, if its fields afford
Their fruits to you, confeffes you its lord :
All x Worldly 's hens, nay, partridge, fold to town,
His Ven'fon too, a guinea makes your own : 235
He bought at thoufands, what with better wit
You purchale as you want, and bit by bit ;
Now, or long fince, what diff'rence will be found ?
You pay a penny, and he paid a pound.

y Heathcote himfelf, and fuch large-acred men,
Lords of- fat E'mam, or of Lincoln fen, 24.1

Buy every ftick of wood that lends them heat,
Buy ev'ry Pullet they afford to eat.

NOTES.

VER. 232. delightful Abs-.couri\ A farm over-againlt
Hampton-Court,

cu



232 IMITATIONS Book II.

Scd vocat ufque fuum, qua populus adfita ccrtis

Limitibus vicina refigit jurgia : tanquam
z Sit/>r0/>rfwquidquam, pun6to quod mobilis horae,
Nunc prece, nunc pretio, nunc vi, nunc morte fuprema,
Permutet dominos, et cedat in altera jura.

Sic, quiz perpetuus nulli-datur ufus, et haeres
Haeredem alterius, velut unda fupervenit undara :
Quid vici profunt, aut horrea ? quidve Calabris
Saltibus adjecli Lucani j fi metit Orcus
Grandia cum parvis, non exorabilis auro ?

f Gemmas, marmor, ebur, Tyrrhena figilla, ta-

bellas,

Argentum, veftes Gaetulo murice tindas,
Sunt qui non habeant j efl qui non curat habcre.

NOTES.

VER. 248. hang in For tune'' s po^r, Loofe on the point of
jN/'ry Mv'ring hour,] A modern idea (the magnetic needle)



Ep. II. OF HORACE. 233

Yet thefe are Wights, who fondly call their own

Half that the Dev'l o'erlooks from Lincoln town. 245

The Laws of God, as well as of the land,

Abhor a Perpetuity fhould ftand :

Eftates have wings, and hang in Fortune's pow'r

z Loofe on the point of ev'ry wav'ring hour,

Ready, by force, or of your own accord, 250

By fale, at leaft by death, to change their lord.

Man ? and for ever ? wretch ! what wou'dft thou

have ?

Heir urges heir, like wave impelling wave.
All vaft pofleflions (juft the fame the cafe
Whether you call them Villa, Park, or Chace) 255
Alas, my BATHURST ! what will they avail ?
Join Cotfwood hills to Saperton's fair dale,
Let rifing Granaries and Temples here,
There mingled farms and pyramids appear,
Link towns to towns with avenues of oak, 260

Enclofe whole downs in walls, 'tis all a joke !
Inexorable Death fhall level all,
And trees, and ftones, and farms, and farmer fall.

a Gold, Silver, Iv'ry, Vafes fculptur'd high,
Paint, Marble, Gems, and robes of Perfian dye,
There are who have not and thank heav'n there are,
Who, if they have not, think not worth their care.

NOT E s.

here fupplied the Imitator with expreffion much fuperior
o his Original.



? 3 4 IMITATIONS Book II.

b Cur alter fratrum cejjare^ et luderc^ et ungi

Praeferat Hcrodis palmctis pinguibus j alter
Dives et importunus, ad umbram lucis ab ortu
Silveftrem flaramis et ferro mitiget agrum :
Scit Genius, natale comes qui temperat aflrum :
NATURAE DEUS HUMANAE, mortalis in unum-
Quodquc gaput, vultu mutabilis, albus, et ater.

* Ufar, et ex modico, quantum res pofcet, acerva^
Tollam : nee metuam, quid de me judicet baeres y
Quod non frlura datis invenerit. et tamen idem
Scire volam, quantum fimplcx hilarifque nepoti
Difcrepet, et quantum difcordet parcus avaro.

NOTES.

VCR. 273. All TmvH/kencT s Turnips, ~\ Lord Towfhend,
Secretary of State to George the Firft and Second.
When this great Statefman retired from bufmefs, he a-
mufed himfelf in Hufbandry : and was particularly fond
of that kind of rural improvement which arifes from Tur-
nips ; it was the favourite fubjeft of his converfation.

VER. 277. Jly, likeOglethcrpc,] Employed in fettling the
Colony of Georgia.

VER. 280. That God of "Nature, &c.] Here our Poet h:id
an opportunity of illnftrating his own Philofophy ; awl
thereby giving a much better fenfc to bis Original ; and



Ep. II. OF HORACE. 235

* Talk what you will of Tafte, my friend, you'll find
Two of a face, as foon as of a mind.
Why, of two brothers, rich and reftlefs one 273
Plows, burns, manures, and toils from fun to fun j
The other flights, for women, fports, and wines,
All Townfhend's Turnips, and all Grofvenor's mines :
Why one like Bu with pay and fcorn content,
Bows and votes on, in Court and Parliament j 275
One, driv'n by ftrong Benevolence of foul,
Shall fly, like Oglethorpe, from pole to pole j
Is known alone to that Directing Pow'r,
Who forms the Genius in the natal hour ;
That God of Nature, who, within us {till, 280

Inclines our action, not conftrains our will ;
Various of temper, as of face or frame,
Each individual : His great End the fame.

* Yes, Sir, how fmall foever be my heap,
A part I will enjoy, as well as keep. 285

My heir may figh, and think it want of grace
A man fo poor would live without a place :
But fure no ftatute in his favour fays,
How free, or frugal, I fhall pafs my days :

NOTES.

corre&ing both the naturalifm and the fate of Horace,
which are covertly conveyed in thefe words,

Scit Genius, natale comes qui temperat aftrum,
NATURAE DEUS HUMANAE.

VER. 288. But fure no Jlatute] Alluding to the 'ftatutes
made in England and Ireland, to regulate the Succefiion
ofPaplih, &V.



236 IMITATIONS Book II.

Diftat enim, fpargas tua prodigus, an neque fumtum

Invitus facias, nee plura parare labores ;

Ac potius, puer ut feftis Quinquatribus olim,

Exiguo gratoque fruaris tempore raptlm.

f Pauperies immunda procul procul abfit : ego, utrum

%
Nave ferar magna an parva j ferar unus et idem.

Non agimur tumidis velis Aquilone fecundo :


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Online LibraryAlexander PopeThe works of Alexander Pope Esq. : In nine volumes, complete. With his last corrections, additions, and improvements; as they were delivered to the editor, a little before his death. Together with the commentary and notes of Mr. Warburton (Volume 4) → online text (page 12 of 18)