Alexander Pope.

The works of Alexander Pope Esq. : In nine volumes, complete. With his last corrections, additions, and improvements; as they were delivered to the editor, a little before his death. Together with the commentary and notes of Mr. Warburton (Volume 4) online

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Online LibraryAlexander PopeThe works of Alexander Pope Esq. : In nine volumes, complete. With his last corrections, additions, and improvements; as they were delivered to the editor, a little before his death. Together with the commentary and notes of Mr. Warburton (Volume 4) → online text (page 16 of 18)
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vvitnefleth, THERE is MORE GOOD TO BE DONE with
Jtgbing than with fpeaking, with weeping than with
words. Plus gemitibus quam fermonibus, plus fleta
quam aftatu."
VER. 75. At, tho' the Pride of Middled] \. e. though &

able a judge as Dr. Middleton bimfelf jbould approve the Lati-

nif j> * J a y lt ** " a d and barbarous.

V r R i'i 7 r'r^ // fr '?"? read * and Girh m *>' underRandf\
l. e. full of fchool-book/./.r^> and Anglicifms
_ VER. 78. Nation's Se*fe ;] The cant of Politics at thai-
tune.

VER. 80. Carolina] Queen confort to Kine Georjre II
She died m 1737. Her death gave occafion, as Is ob-
ferved above to many indifcreet and mean performance^
unworthy of her memory, whofe laft moments manifelted
the utmoft courage and refolution. p

How highly our Poet thought of that truly great per-
fonage may be ken by one of his letters to Mr. Allen writ
ten at that time; in which, amongft others, equally re-
fpedful are the following words : The Queen ihewed,

by the confeffion of all about her, the utmoft firmnef'

and temper to her Jnft moments, and through the courfe



302 EPILOGUE Dial. I.

And hail her paflage to the Realms of Reft,

All Parts perform'd, and all her Children bleft!

So Satire is no more I feel it die

No Gazetteer more innocent than I

And let, a God's-name, ev'ry Fool and Knave 8_J

Be grac'd thro' Life, and flatter 'd in his Grave.

F. Why fo ? if Satire knows its Time and Place,
You ftill may lafh the grcatcft in Difgrace:
For Merit will by turns forfukc them all j
Would you know when ? exactly when they fall. O,Q
But let all Satire in all Changes fpare
ImmortalS k, and grave De re.

NOTES.

" of great torments. What character hiftorians will allow
** her, I do not know ; but all her domeftic fervants, and
* thofe neareft her, give her the beft teilimony, that of
" fmcere tears."

VER. 84. No Gazetteer more innocent than l.~\ The Ga-
/ttteer is one of the low appendices to the Secretary of
State's office, to write the government's news-paper, pub-
limed by Authority. Sir Richard Steel had once this poft.
And he defcribes the condition of it very well, in the Apo-
f^v for kitnfelf and bis ivr/thigs : " My next appearance as
' "a writer was in the quality of the loweft mir.ifter of Itate,
" to wit, in the Office of Gazetteer ; where I worked
' faithfully, according to order, without ever erring
*' againil the rule obferved by all miuifters, to keep
' that paper very innocent and very infipid. It was to
" the reproaches I heard every Gazette day againft the
*' writer of it, that I owe the fortitude of being re-
" markably negligent of what people fay which J
' not



Dial. I. TO THE SATIRES. 303

Silent and foft, as Saints remove to Heav'n,

All Tyes diflblv'd, and ev'ry Sin forgiv'n,

Thefe may fome gentle minifterial Wing 95

Receive, and place for ever near a King !

There, where no Paluon, Pride, or Shame tranfport,

Lull'd with the fw<.ct Nepenthe of a Court ;

NOTES.

VER. 9?. Immortal S k, and grave De re .'] A title
given that Lord by King James II. He was of the Bed-
chamber to King William ; he was fo to King George I.
he was fo to King George II. This Lord was very fkilful
in all the forms of the Houfe, in which he discharged
himfelf with great gravity. P.

VER. 97. There, Tc.vr/v no Pajfiw, vTc.] The excellent
writer De fEfyrit des Lc:x gives the following charadler of
the Spirit of Courts, and the Principle of Monarchies :
" Qu'on life ce que les Hiftoriensde toys les tems ont dit
fur la Cour des Monarques ; qu'on fe rapelle les conver-
fations des hommes de tous les Palis fur le miferable ca-
radlere des COURTISANS ; ce ne font point des chofes
de (peculation, mais d'une trifle experience. L'ambi-
tion dans I'oifivete, la ba/Tefle dans 1'orgueil, le defir
de s'enrichir fans travajl, 1'averfion pour laveritej la
flaterie, la trahifon, la perfidie, Tabandon de tous fes
" engagemens, le mepris des devoirs du Citoyen, la
" crainte de la vertu du Prince, 1'efperance de fes foiblef-
" fes, et plus, que tout cela, LE RIDICULE PERPETUEL
" JETTE SUR LA VERTU, font, je crois, le Caraftere de la
" plupartdesCourtifans marque dans tousles lieux etdans
" tous les tems. Or il eit tres mal-aife que les Principaux
" d'un Etat foient malhonnetes-gens, et que les inferieuri
" foient gens-de bien, que ceux-la foyent trompeurs, &
*' que ceux-ci confentent a n'etre que dupes. Que ficians
it Je Peuple il fe trouve quelque malheureux honnctc



304 EPILOGUE Dial. I,

There where no Father's, Brother's, Friend's difgrace
Once break their reft, or ftir them from their Place :
But pail the Scnfe of human Miferies, 101

All Tears are wip'd for ever from all eyes ;
No cheek is known to blufh, no heart to throb,
Save when they lofe a Queftion, or a Job.

P. Good Hcav'n forbid, that I fhould blaft their

glory 105

Who know how like Whig Minifters to Tory,
And when three Sovereigns dy'd, could fcarce be vext,
Confid'ring what a gracious Prince was next.
Have I, in filent wonder, feen fuch things
As Pride in Slaves, and Avarice in Kings ; 1 10

And at a Peer, or Peerefs fhall I fret,
Who ftarves a Sifter, or forfwears a Debt ?
Virtue, I grant you, is an empty boaft ;
.But (hall the Dignity of Vice be loft ?

VARIATIONS.
VER. 112. in fome editions,
Who ftarves a Mother,

NOTES.

" homme, le Cardinal de Richelieu dans fon Teflamentfo-
" litique infinite, qu'un Monarque doit fe garder de s'en
" fervir. Tant-il eft vrai que la Vertu n'eft pas le reflbrt
" de ce Gouvernment.".

VER. 1 08. gracious Prince] The ftyle of Addrefles on
m acceflion.

VER. 113. Virtue, 7 grant you, is an empty boajl ,] A fa r
tirical ambiguity either that thofe Jtarve who have it, or



Dial. I. TO THE SATIRES. 305

Ye Gods ! fhall Gibber's Son, without rebuke, 115

Swear like a Lord, or Rich out-whore a Duke ?

A Fav'rite's Porter with his Matter vie,

Be brib'd as often, and as often lie ?

Shall Ward drawContra&s with a Statefman's fkill ?

Or Japhet pocket, like his Grace, a Will? 120

Is it for Bond, or Peter, (paltry things)

To pay their Debts, or keep their Faith, like Kings ?

If Blount difpatch'd himfelf, he play'd the man,

And fo may'ft thou, illuftrious Pafleran !

NOTE*.

that thofe who boaft of it, ha-ve it not : and both together
(he iniihuates) make up the prefent ftate of modern virtue.

VER. 115. Gibber's Son, Rich] Two Players : look for
them in the Dunciad. P.

VER. 123. If Blount} Author of an impious foolifh book
called the Oracles ofReafon, who being in love with a near
kiufwoman of his, and rejected, gave himfelf a ftab in the
arm, as pretending to kill himfelf, of the confequence of
which he really died. P.

VER. 124. Pafleran'.} Author of another book of the
fame ftamp, called A pbiiofaphical difcourfe on death, being
a defence of fuicide. He was a nobleman of Piedmont,
banifhed from his country for his impieties, and lived in
the utmoft mifery, yet feared to pra&ife his own precepts ;
of which there went a pleafant ftory about that time. A-
mongft his pupils, it feems, to whom he read in moral
philofophy, was a noted Gamefler, who lodged under the
fame roof with him. This ufeful citizen, after a run of
ill luck, came one morning early into his matter's bed-
chamber with two loaded piftols. And, as Englimmen do
not underftand raillery in a cafe of this nature, told the
philofopher, on prefenting him. with one of his piitols,

VOL. IV. X



EPILOGUE Dial. I.

But (hall a Printer, weary of his life, 125

Learn, from their Books, to hang himfelf and Wife ?
This, this, my friend, I cannot, muft not bear j
Vice thus abus'd, demands a Nation's care :
This calls the Church to deprecate our Sin,
And hurls the Thunder of the Laws on Gin.

Let modeft FOSTER, if he will, excell
Ten Metropolitans in preaching well j

NOT E s.

that now was come the time to put his do&rine in pra-
itice : that as to himfelf having loft his laft ftake he was
become an ufelefs member in fociety, and fo was refolved
to quit hisjlation ; and that, as to him, his guide, philofo-
pher, and friend, furroonded with miferies, the outcaft of
government, and the fport even of that Chance which he
adored, he doubtlefs would rejoice for fuch an opportunity
to bear him company. All this was faid and done with fo
much refolution and folemnity, that the Italian found him-
felf under a neceflity to cry out murder, which brought in
Company to his relief. This unhappy man at laft died a
penitent.

VE 11.125. But Jballa Printer, kfr.] A Fad that hap-
pened in London a few years part. The unhappy man left
behind him a paper juftifying his a&ion by the reafonings
of fome of thefe authors. P.

VER. 129. This calls the Church to deprecate our Sin,'] Al-
luding to the forms of prayer, compofed in the times of
public calamity ; where the fault is generally laid upon
the People.

VER. 130. GinJ] A fpirituous liquor, the exorbitant ute
of which had almoft deftroyed the loweft rank of the Peo-
ple till it was reftrained by an aft of Parliament in 1 73 6. P.

VER. 131. Let modeft FOSTER,] This confirms an ob-
fervation which Mr. Hobbes made long ago, That then be



Dial. I. TO THE SATIRES. 307

A fimple Quaker, or a Quaker's Wife,
Out-do Landaffe in Doctrine, yea in Life :
Let humble ALLEN, with an aukward Shame,
Do good by Health, and blufa to find it Fame.

NOTES.

very few Bijhops that ad a fermr,< fo 'well, as divers Prejlyte-
riatts and fanatic Preachers can do, Hiii of Civ. Wars
P' 6z - SCRIB.

VER. 134. Landafe'] A poor Bifhoprick in Wales, as
poorly fupplied, p

VER. 135. Let humble ALLEN with mi aukward Shame
Do good by Jlealtb, and blit/h to find it Fame.] The true Cha-
racter of our Author's moral pieces, confidered as zfapple-
ment to human laws (the force of which they have deferved-
ly obtained) is, that his praife is always delicate, and his
reproof never mi/placed : and therefore the firjl not reach-
ing the head, and the latter too fenfibly touching the heart
of his vulgar readers, have made him cenfured as a cold
Panegyrift, and a caultic Satirift ; whereas, indeed, he was
the warmelt friend, and the moft placable enemy.

The lines above have been commonly given as an in-
flanceof this ungenerous backwardnefs in doing juftice to
merit. And, indeed, if fairly given, would bear hard upon
the Author, who believed the perfon here celebrated to be
one of the greateft characters in private life that ever was;
and known by him to be, in fa<3, all, and much more
than he had feigned in the imaginary virtues of the man of
Rofs. One, who, whether he be confidered in his civil, fa-
cial, domeilic, or religious charafter, is, in all thefe views,
an ornament to human nature.

And, indeed, we mail fee, that what is here faid of
him agrees only with fuch a Character. But as both the
thought and the expreflion have been cenfured, we mall
confider them in their order.

Let humble ALLEN, with an aukward Shame,
Do good by ftealth

X 2



30 8 EPILOGUE Dial. 1,

Virtue may chufe the high or low Degree,
'Tis juft alike to Virtue, and to me j



NOTES.



This encomium has been called at/cure (as well as penun-
Ls) It may be fo; not from any defeftm the conception,
bu from the deepnefs of the fenfe ; and what may feem
noreilrange, (as we (hall fee afterwards) from the ele-
r n ce of /hrafe, and exaftnefs of expreffion. We are fo
fbfototdy governed by cuftom, that to aft contrary to it,
creates even in virtuous men, who are ever modeft, a
kind Of diffidence, which is the parent of Shame. But when
to this, there is joined a confcioufnefs that m forfakm;g
cuftom, you follow truth and reafon, the indignation aril
ing from fuch a confcious virtue, mixing with /^, pro-
duces that amiable aukwardnefs, in going out of the fafhion,
which the Poet, here, celebrates :

and blulh to find it Fame,

; e He blufhed at the degeneracy of his times, which, at
beft eave his goodnefs its due commendation (the thing
he nefer aimed%t) inftead of following and imitating , his
example, which was the reafon why fome afts of it weit
not done \>yfiealth, but more openly.

So far as to the thought : but it will be faid,

tantamne rem tarn negligenter ?

And this will lead us to fay fomething **%^.^**'
prellion, which will clear up what remains of the difficult, .
Thefelnes, and thofe which precede and follow them,
cont-Sn an ronical neghV of Virtue, and an ironical con-
cern and,.,, for Vice* So that the Poet's elegant cor
reftnefs of compofition required, that his anguage, n the
firft cafe mould prefent fomething of negligence and cen-
te; which I admirably implied in the exfrejfion of th,

* Via'.' 138. Visjifi aUke, to Virtue and 'to :] He gives
the reafon for it, in the line that prefently follow,,



Dial. I. TO THE SATIRES. 309

Dwell in a Monk, or light upon a King,

She's ftill the fame, belov'd, contented thing. 140

Vice is undone, if (he forgets her Birth,

And ftoops from Angels to the Dregs of Earth :

But 'tis the Fall degrades her to a Whore j

Let Greainefi own her, and {he's mean no more,

NOTES.

She's ftill the fame, belo*vd, contented thing.
So that the fenfe of the text is this, " It is all one to /?/
" tue on whom her influence falls, whether on high or
" low, becaufe it ftill produces the fame effect, their con-
" tent ; and it is all one to me, becaufe it ftill produces
" the fame effect, my love"

VER. 144. Let Greatnefs own her, andjhes mean no more,~\
The Poet, in this whole paJTage, would be underftood to
allude to a very extraordinary ftory told by Procopius in his
Secret hi ftory : the fum of which is as follows.

The Emprefs THEODORA was the daughter of one
Acaces, who had the care of the wild beafts, which the
Green faftion kept for the entertainment of the people. For
the Empire was, at that time, divided between the two
Factions of the Green and Blue. But Acaces dying in the
infancy of Theodora, and her two Sifters, his place of
Majler of the Bears was difpofed of to a ftranger : and his
widow had no other way of fupporting herfelf than by
proftituting her three Daughters, who were all very pretty,
on the public Theatre. Thither {he brought them in their
turns as they came to years of puberty. Theodora firft at-
tended her Sifters in the habit and quality of a flave. And
when it came to her turn to mount the ftage, as (he could
neither dance, nor play on the flute, me was put into the
loweft clafs of Buffoons to make diverfion for the Rabble;
which me did in fo arch a manner, and complained of the
indignities fhefuffered in fo ridiculous a tone, that me be-

X 3



3io EPILOGUE Dial. I.

Pfer Birth, her Beauty, Crowds and Courts confefs,
Chafte Matrons praifc her, and grave Bifhops blefs j

NOTES.

came the abfolute favourite of the people. After a com-
plete courfe of infamy and proftitution, the next place we
hear of her is at Alexandria, in great poverty and difbrefs :
from whence (as it was no wonder) fhe was willing to re-
move. And to Conftantinople fhe came, but after a large
circuit thro' the Eaft, where fhe worked her way, by a
free courfe of proftitution. JUSTINIAN was at this time
confort in the Empire with his Uncle Jiiftin, and the ma-
nagement of affairs entirely in his hands. He no fooner
faw Theodora than he fell defperately in love with her,
and would have married her immediately, but that the
Emprefs Euphemia, a barbarian, and unpolite, but not il-
liberal in her nature, was then alive. And fhe, altho" 1 fhe
rarely denied him any thing, yet obftinately refufed giving
him this inftance of her complaifance. But fhe did not
live long : and then nothing but the ancient Laws, which
forbad a fenator to marry with a common proftitute, hin-
dered Juftinian from executing this extraordinary project.
Thefe, he obliged Juftin to revoke ; and then, in the face
of the fun, married his dear Theodora. A terrible exam-
ple (fays the Hiflorian) and an encouragement to the moft
fhamelefs licence. And now no fooner was THEODORA
(in the Poet's phrafe) owned by Great nefs, than fhe, whom
not long before it was thought unlucky to meet, and a pol-
lution to touch, became the idol of the Court. There was
not a fmgle Magiflrate (fays Procopius) that expreffed the
leaft indignation at the fhame and difhonour brought upon
the ftate ; not a fmgle Prelate that fhewed the leaft defo-
lation for the public fcandal. They all drove to court fo
precipitately, as if they were ftriving to prevent one an-
other in her good graces. Nay, the <very foldiers were emu-
lous of the honour of becoming the Champions of he*



Dki. I. TO THE SATIRES.

In golden Chains the willing World fee draws,
And hers the Gofpel is, and hers the Laws,
Mounts the Tribunal, lifts her fcarlet head,
And fees pale Virtue carted in her ftead.
Lo ! at the wheels of her Triumphal Car,
Old England's Genius, rough with many a Scar,
Dragg'd in the duft ! his arms hang idly round,
His Flag inverted trails along the ground !
Our Youth all liv'ry'd o'er with foreign Gold, 155
Before her dance : behind her, crawl the Old !
See thronging Millions to the Pagod run,
And offer Country, Parent, Wife, or Son !
Hear her black Trumpet thro' the Land proclaim,

ThatNoT TO BE CORRUPTED IS THE SHAME. IO*O

NOT E s.

Virtue. As for the common people, wRo had fo long been
the fpeftators of her fervility, her Buffoonry, and her Pro-
IHtution, they all in a body threw themfelves at her feet,
as flaves at the footftool of their Miftrefs. In a word, there
was no man, of what condition foever, that mewed the
leaft diflike of fo monftrous an elevation. In the mean
time, Theodora's firft care was to fill her Coffers, which
Jhe foon did, with immenfe wealth. To this end, Juftinian
and (he pretended to differ in their principles. The one
protected the blue, and the other, the green faction ; till in
a long courfe of intrigue, by fometimes giving up the one
to plunder and confifcation, and fometimes the other, they
left nothing to either party. See Procop. Anec. c. ix. x.

VER. 148. And hers the Gofpel is, and hers the Laws,] i. e.
She difpofed of the honours of both.

VER. 149. fcarlet head] Alluding to the/carlet Whore of
the Ajtocaljpfe.

^ 4



312 EPILOGUE Dial. I.

In Soldier, Churchman, Patriot, Man in Pow'r,

'Tis Av'rice all, Ambition is no more !

See, all our Nobles begging to be Slaves !

See, all our Fools afpiring to be Knaves !

The Wit of Cheats, the Courage of a Whore, 16$

Are what ten thoufand envy and adore :

All, all look up, with reverential Awe,

At Crimes that 'fcape, or triumph o'er the Law :

While Truth, Worth, Wifdom, daily they decry

" Nothing is Sacred now but Villainy." 170

Yet may this Verfe (if fuch a Verfe remain)
Show there was one who held it in difdain.

NOTES.

VER. 164. See, all our Fools afpiring to be Knaves /] This
will always be the cafe when knavery is in fafliion, becaufe
fools always dread the being unfa/hionable..

VER. 165. The Wit of Cheats, the Courage of a Whore y
Are what ten thoufand envy and adore :] And no wonder,
for the Wit of Cheats being the evafion of Juftice, and the
Courage of a Whore the contempt for reputation ; thefe
emancipate men from the two tyrannical reftraints upon
free fpirits, fear of pumjhtnent, and dread offoame.

SCRIBL.



Dial. II. TO THE SATIRES.

E P I L O G U E

TO THE

SATIRES.

Written in MDCCXXXVIII.

DIALOGUE II.

FR.
9 IT I S all a Libel Paxton (Sir) will fay. p

* P. Not yet, my Friend ! to morrow faith V
it may ; _^

And for that very caufe I print to day.
How fhould I fret to mangle ev'ry line,
In rev'rence to the Sins of Thirty nine ! 5

Vice with fuch Giant ftrides comes on amain,
Invention ftrives to be before in vain j
Feign what I will, and paint it e'er fo flrong,
Some rifing Genius fins up to my Song.

NOTES.

VER. i. Paxton] Late follicitor to the Treafury.

VER. 8. Feign what 1 will, &c.~] The Poet has here in-
troduced an oblique apology for himfelf with great art.
You attack perfona! characters, fay his enemies. No re-
plies he, I paint merely from my invention ; and, to pre-
vent a likenefs, I then aggravate the features. But alas!



314. EPILOGUE Dial. II.

F. Yet none but you by Name the guilty la{h ; i e
Ev'n Guthry faves half Newgate by a Dafli.
Spare then the Perfon, and expoie the Vice.

P. How, Sir ! not damn the Sharper, but the Dice ?
Come on then, Satire ! gen'ral, unconfin'd,
Spread thy broad wing, and fouce on all the kind. 15
Ye Statefmen, Priefls, of one Religion all !
Ye Tradefmen, vile, in Army, Court, or Hall !
YeRev'rendAtheifts. F. Scandal ! name them, Who?

P. \Vhy that's the thing you bid me not to do.
Who ftarv'd a Sifter, who forfwore a Debt, 2^
I never nam'd ; the Town's enquiring yet.
The pois'ning Dame F. You mean P. I don't.
F. You do.

P. See, now I keep the Secret, and not you !
The bribing Statefman F. Hold, too high you go.

P. The brib'd Elector F. There you ftoop too low.

NOTES.

the growth of vice is fo monftroufly fudden, that it rifes up
to a refemblance before I can get from the prefs.

VER. 1 1 . Ev'n Guthry] The Ordinary of Newgate, who
publifhes the memoirs of the Malefadlors, and is often
prevailed upon to be fo tender of their reputation, as to
fet down no more than the initials of their name. P.

VER. I 3. Ho<w, Sir f not damn the Sharper, but the Dice f]
The livelinefs of the reply may excufe the bad reafoning ;
othenvife the dice, tho 1 they rhyme to vice, can never ftand
for it, which his argument requires they mould do. For the
dice are only the inftntments of fraud ; but the queftion is
not, whether the injlrument, but whether the aft commit-
ted by it, mould be expofed, inftead of the perfon.



Dial. II. TO THE SATIRES.

P. I fain would pleafe you, if I knew with what ; 26
Tell me, which Knave is lawful Game, which not ?
Muft great Offenders, once efcap'd the Crown,
Like Royal Haits, be never more run dawn ?
Admit your Law to fpare the Knight require?, 30
As Beafts of Nature may we hunt the Squires ?



VER. 26. 1 fain ic on Id pleafe you, if I knew with what ;~
Tell me, which Knave is lawful Game, which not?] I have
obferved, that our author has invented, and introduced
into his writings, a new fpecies ofthefultimc, by heighten-
ing it with wit. There is a fpecies of elegance in his works
(of which thefe lines are an inftance) ahnoft as peculiar to
him, which he has produced by employing \hzjinipleji and
triteft phrafes to prevent ftitfhcfs, and yet, by a fupreme
effort of his art, giving them the dignity of the choiceft.
Quintilian was fo fenfible of the luftre which this throws
upon true eloquence under a mafterly direction, and of the
prejudices againft it from the difficulty of fucceeding in it ;
that he fays, Utinam - et wrba in ufu quotidiano pofita minus
timer emus .

VER. 28. Muft great Offenders, &V.] The cafe is archly
put. Thofe who efcape public juftice being the particular
property of the Satirilt.

VER. 29. Like Royal Harts, & Y.] Alluding to the old
Game-laws, when our Kings fpent all the time they could
fpare from human {laughter* in Woods and Foreils.

VE R . 31. A3 Beafts of Nature way we hunt the Squires ?~\
The expreffion is rough, like the fubjeft, but no reflection :
For if beajls of Nature, then not beafls of their own mak-
ing ; a fault too frequently objected to country Squires.
However, the Latin is nobler, Ferae natura, things unci-
vilized, and free. Ferae, as the Critics fay, being from
th Hebrew, Perc f Afinus filveflris. SCRJBL,



3 i6 EPILOGUE Dial. II.

Suppofe I cenfure you know what I mean
To fave a Bifhop, may I name a Dean ?

F. A Dean, Sir ? no : his Fortune is not made,
You hurt a man that's rifing in the Trade. 35

P. If not the Tradefman who fet up to day,
Much lefs the 'Prentice who to morrow may.
Down, down, proud Satire ! tho' a Realm be fpoil'd,
Arraign no mightier Thief than wretched Wild*
Or, if a Court or Country's made a job, 40

Go drench a Pick-pocket, and join the Mob.

But, Sir, I beg you (for the Love of Vice !)
The matter's weighty, pray confidcr twice ;
Have you lefs pity for the needy Cheat,
The poor and friendlefs Villain, than the Great ? 45
Alas ! the fmall Difcrcdit of a Bribe
Scarce hurts the Lawyer, but undoes the Scribe.
Then better fure it Charity becomes
To tax Directors, who (thank God) have Plums \

NOTES.

VER. 35. Tou hurt a man that's rijing in the Trade^\ For,
as the reafonable De la Bniyere obferves, " Qui ne fait
*' etre un ERASME, doit penfer a etre E<veque" SCRIBL.

VER. 39. wretched Jf r iIJ t ~\ Jonathan Wild, a famous
Thief, and Thief-Impeacher, who was at laft caught in


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Online LibraryAlexander PopeThe works of Alexander Pope Esq. : In nine volumes, complete. With his last corrections, additions, and improvements; as they were delivered to the editor, a little before his death. Together with the commentary and notes of Mr. Warburton (Volume 4) → online text (page 16 of 18)