Alexander Pope.

The works of Alexander Pope Esq. : In nine volumes, complete. With his last corrections, additions, and improvements; as they were delivered to the editor, a little before his death. Together with the commentary and notes of Mr. Warburton (Volume 4) online

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Online LibraryAlexander PopeThe works of Alexander Pope Esq. : In nine volumes, complete. With his last corrections, additions, and improvements; as they were delivered to the editor, a little before his death. Together with the commentary and notes of Mr. Warburton (Volume 4) → online text (page 17 of 18)
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his own train and hanged. P.

VER. 42. for the lo<ve of Vice .'] We muft confider the
Poet as here directing his difcourfe to a follower of the
new fyftem of Politics, That private vices are public be-
nefit}. SCRIBL.



Dial. II. TO THE SATIRES. 317

Still better, Minifters } or, if the thing 50

May pinch ev'n there why by it on a King.

F. Stop ! flop !

P. Muft Satire, then, nor rife nor fall ?
Speak out, and bid me blame no Rogues at all.

F. Ye?, ilrike that Wild^ I'll juftify the blow.

P. Strike I why the man was hang'd ten years ago :
Who now that obfolete Example fears I 56

Ev'n Peter trembles only for his Ears.

F. What always Peter ? Peter thinks you mad,
You make men defp'rate, if they once are bad :
Elfe might he take to Virtue fome years hence

P. As S k, if he lives, will love the PRINCE.

F. Strange fpleen to S k !

Notts.

VER. 51 ivhy lay it on a King.'] He is ferious in the
foregoing fubjedls of fatire ; but ironical here, and only
alludes to the common practice of Miniiters, in laying
their own mifcarriages on their matters.

V E R . 5 5 . Strike ? why fhe man icas hangd ten years ago :]
The line is exquifite. The high humour of it, in the un-
expected turn, is but it's fecond praife. It finely carries
on the argument, and expofes the falfe rules and mea-
fures of fatire, his Court friend would inculcate for his pra-
ctice : which infinuate, that he is to avoid the proper ob-
ject of fatire, great offenders, who have efcaped public ju-
itice ; and, in their ftead, to feize the little rogues, who
have fubmitted to it.

VER. 57. E'v'n Peter trembles only for bis Ears,"] Peter
had, the year before this, narrowly efcaped the Pillory
for forgery : and got off with a fevere rebuke only from
the bench. P.



318 EPILOGUE Dial. IT.

P. Do 1 wrong the Man ?
God knows, I praife a Courtier where I can.
When I confcfs, there is who feels for Fame, 64
And melts to Goodnefs> need I SCARB'ROW name ?
PJeas'd let me own, in E/her's peaceful Grove
(Where Kent and Nature vye for PELHAM'S Love)
The Scene, the Matter, opening to my view,
I fit and dream I fee my CKAGGS anew !

Ev'n in a Bifhop 1 can fpy Defcrt ; 70

Sfiker is decent, Rundtt has a Heait,

NOTES.

VER. 64. feels for fame, 4 nd melts toGoodtiefe,'] This is a
fine compliment ; the expreffion mewing, that fame was
but his/econa' paftion.

VER. 65. Scarlfiwo] Earl of, and Knight of the Gar-
ter, whofe perfonal attachments to the king appeared from
his fteddy adherence to the royal intereft, after his re-
iignation of his great employment of Mailer of the Horfe :
and whofe known honour and virtue made him efteemed
by all parties. P.

VER. 66. EJber's peaceful gro".-ej\ The heufe and gardens
of Elher in Surry, belonging to the Honourable Mr. Pel-
ham, Brother of the Duke of Newcaftle. The author
could not have given a more amiable idea of his Character
than in comparing him to Mr. Craggs. P.

VER. 67. Kent and Nature] Means no more than art
and nature. And in this confifts the compliment to the
Artift.

VER. 71. Seeker is decent] Thefe words (like thofe jr
135. of the firft Dialogue) are another inftance of the ma-
lignity of the public judgment. The Poet thought, and
not without reafon, that they conveyed a very high idea
t the worthy perfon to whom they are applied j to be DE-

4



Dial. II. TO THE SATIRES. 319

Manners with Candour are to Benfon giv'n,
To Berkley, ev'ry Virtue under Heav'n.

But does the Court a worthy Man remove ?
That inftant, I declare, he has my Love : 75

I fhun his Zenith, court his mild Decline ;
Thus SOMMERS once, and HALIFAX, were mine.

NOTES.

CENT (or to become every ftation of life in which a man
is placed) being the nobleft encomium on his wifdom and
virtue. It is the very topic he employs in fpeaking of a
favourite friend, one he molt efteemed and loved,
Noble and young, who ftrikes the heart,
With ev'ry fprightly, ev'ry DECENT part.
The word in both places implying every endovsment of tie
heart. As in that celebrated verfe of Horace, from whence
the exprelfion was taken, and which no one has a better
right to apply to himfelf than this excellent prelate :

Quid 'verum atque DEC ENS euro et rogo, et omnis in bocfurti.
So that to be decent is to excell in the moral character.

VER. 74. But does the court a worthy Man remove ?} The
poet means, remove him for his iwtb : not that he efteem-
ed the being in or out a proof either of corruption, or vir-
tue. " I had a glympfeof a letter of yours lately (fays he
" to Dr. Swift) by which I find you are, like the vulgar,
" apter to think well of people out of power, than of people
" in power. Perhaps 'tis a miftake j but, however, there
" is fomething in it generous." Lett. xvii. Sept. 3, 1726.

VER. 77. Sotnmers] John Lord Sommers died in 1716.
He had been Lord Keeper in the reign of William III.
who took from him the feals in 1 700. The author had the
honour of knowing him in 1 706. A faithful, able, and
incorrupt miniiler ; who, to the qualities of a consummate
itatefman, added thofc of a man of Learning and Polite-
nefs. P.

VSR. 77. Halifax] A peer, no lefs diftinguifhed by his



320 EPILOGUE Dial II.

Oft, in the clear, ftill Mirrour of Retreat,
I ftudy'd SHREWSBURY, the wife and great:
CARLETON'S calm Senfe, and STAN T HOPE'S noble
Flame, 80

Compar'd, and knew their gen'rous End the fame :
How pleafing ATTERBURY'S fofter hour !
How fhin'd the Soul, unconquer'd in the Tow'r !
How can I PUL'TNEY, CHESTERFIELD forget,
While Roman Spirit charms, and Attic Wit : 85
ARGYLL, the State's whole Thunder born to wield,
Anh inake alike the Senate and the Field :
Or WYN'DHAM, juft to Freedom and the Throne,
The Mafter of our Paflions, and his own,

NOTES.

love of letters than his abilities in Parliament. He was
difgraced in 1710, on the change of Q._ Anne's miniftry. P.

VER. 79. Shrew/lury,] Charles Talbot, Duke ofShrewf-
bury, had been Secretary of ftate, Embaflador in France,
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Lord Chamberlain, and Lord
Treafurer. He feveral times quitted his employments, and
was often recalled. He died in 1718. P.

VER. 80. Carleton] Hen. Boyle, Lord Carleton (ne-
phew of the famous Robert Boyle) who was Secretary of
llate under William III. and Pr.e(ident of the council un-
der Q. Anne. P.

Ibid. Stauhope] James Earl Stanhope. A Nobleman of
equal courage, fpirit, and learning. General in Spain,
and Secretary of ftate. P.

VER. 84. Chejlerfteld} Philip Earl of Chefterfield, com-
monly given by Writers of all Parties for an example to
the Age he lives in, vffuperior talent.:, and public Virtue.

VER. 88. Wyndbam\ Sir William Wyndham, Chan-



Dial. II. TO THE SATIRES. 321.

Names, which I long have lov'd, nor lov'd in vain, 90
Rank'd with their Friends, not number'd with their

Train ;

And if yet higher the proud Lift fhould end,
Still let me fay ! no Follower, but a Friend.

Yet think not, Friend/hip only prompts my lays ;
I follow Virtue ; where {he (bines, I praife : 95

Point flic to Prieft or Elder, Whig or Tory,
Or round a Quaker's Beaver caft a Glory.
I never (to my forrow I declare)
Din'd with the MAN of Ross, or my LORD MAY'S.
Some, in their choice of Friends (nay, look not grave)
Have ftill a feciet Byafs to a Knave:



NOTES.

cellor of the Exchequer under Queen Anne, made early a
confiderable figure ; but fnice a much greater both by his
ability and eloquence, joined with the utmoft judgment
and temper. P.

VER. 92. And if yet higher, sV.] He was at that time
honoured with the efteem and favour of his Royal High-
nefs the Prince.

VER. 93. Still let me fay ! tjo Follower, but a FriendJ] i. e.
Unrelated to their parties, and attached only to their/jvyfozj.

VER. 99 my Lord Mayr ] Sir John Barnard, Lord
Mayor in the year of the Poem, 1738. A Citizen eminent
for his virtue, public Spirit, and great talents in Parlia-
ment. An excellent Man, Magistrate, and Senator. In
the year i 747, the City of London, in memory of his
many and fignal fervices to his Country, eredted a Statue
to him. But his image had been placed long before in
the heart of every good Man.

VOL. IV. Y



EPILOGUE Dial. n.

To find an honeft man I beat about,
And love him, court him, praife him, in or out.
F. Then why fo few commended ?

P. Not fo fierce ;

Find you the Virtue, and I'll find the Verfe. 105
But random Praife the tafk can ne'er be done j
Each Mother afks it for her booby Son,
Each Widow afks it for the Be/i of Men^
For him (he weeps, and him (he weds agen.
Praife cannot ftoop, like Satire, to the ground ; no
The Number may be hang'd, but not be crown'd.
Enough for half the Greateft of thefe days,
To 'fcape my Cenfure, not expect my Praife.
Are they not rich ? what more can they pretend ?
Dare they to hope a Poet for their Friend ? 115

What RICH LIEU wanted, Lou is fcarce could gain,
And what young AMMON wifli'd, but wifh'd in vain.

NOTES.

VER. 1O2. To fnd an honeft man, feV.] In this fearch,
in which he was very fincere, it would have been well if
he had not fometimes trailed to the reports of others, who
had lefs penetration, but more pajfions to gratify.

VER. n 6. What Ricblieu wanted, ts'eJ] The thing here
infmuated is, that the greatefl character for Politics, Mu-
nificence, or Conquejls, when feparate from virtue, would
never gain the praifes of the true Poet. But munificence ap-
proaching nearer to Virtue than the other two qualities,
he fays, Louis fcarce could gain ; while Ricblieu and young
Amman went without.

Ibid. Louis fcarce could gain,'] By this expreflion finely



Dial. II. T O T H E S A T I R E S. 323

No Pow'r the Mufe's Friendmip can command ;
No Pow'r when Virtue claims it, can withftand :
To Caio, Virgil pay'd one honeft line ; 120

let my Country's Friends illumin mine !

What are you thinking ? F. Faith the thought's no
fin,

1 think your Friends are out, and would be in.

P. If merely to come in, Sir, they go out,
The way they take is ftrangely round about. 125

F. They too may be corrupted, you'll allow?

P. I only call thofe Knaves who are fo now.

Is that too little ? Come then, I'll comply
Spirit of Arnall! aid me while I lie.

NOTES.

infmuating, that the great Boileau always falls below
himfelf in thofe paflages where he flatters his Mafter. Of
which flattery he gives an inftance in -ji 231. where the
topic of adulation is exceeding childifh and extravagant.

VER. 1 20. To Cato, Virgil pay'd one bone/I line.] It is in
the JEx.

His dantem jura Catonem.

Ibid. Virgil paid one bonejlline,~\ i. e. If Virgil, who was
a Courtier, paid one honeft line, how many are due from
me, who am none ?

VER. 121. O let tty Country's Friend illumin mine /] A
pretty expreflion, alluding to the old practice of illumi-
nating MSS. with gold and vermilion.

VER. 127. I only call tbofe Knaves who are fo no e w.~\ He
left it to Time to tell them,

Cato is as great a Rogue as you.

not the Cato of Virgil, but the Cato of Mr. Pope. See tke
Ep. en Richa,

Y 2




EPILOGUE Dial. II.

COBHAM'S a Coward, POLWARTH is a Slave, 130
And LYTTELTON a dark, ddigning Knave,
ST. JOHN has ever been a wealthy Fool
But let me add, Sir ROBERT'S mighty dull,
Has never made a Friend in private life,
And was, befides, a Tyrant to his Wife.

But pray, when others praife him, do I blame ?
Call Verres, Wolfcy, any odious name ?
Why rail they then, if but a Wreath of mine,
Oh All-accomplrfli'd ST. JOHN ! deck thy {hrine?
What? fhall each fpurgall'd Hackney of the day, 140
When Paxton gives him double Pots aud Pay,
Or each new-penfion'd Sycophant, pretend
To break my Windows if I treat a Friend;
Then wifely plead, to me they meant no hurt,
But 'twas my Gueft at whom they threw the dirt ?

NOTES.

VER 1 29. Spirit ofJrnall!] Look for him in his place,
Dune. B. ii. ^315.

VER. 130. Pokvorth"] The Hon. Hugh Hume, Son of
Alexander Earl of Marchmont, Grandfon of Patric Earl
of Marchmont, and dillinguimed, like them, in the caufe
of Liberty. P.

VER. 136. do 1 blame? Call Verret, Wolfey, any odious
name?] The Leaders of Parties, be they as florid as they
will, generally do their bufmefs by a fingle rule of Rhe-
toric, which they may have learnt of Quintilian, or per-
haps of a much older Sophift, Si nibll, quod no; adjunct, erif,
qufframus quid Adverfarium l<tdat. SCRIBL.

VER. 141. WbenPaxtongi'ves him double pots and pa\,~\ If
this band of Penfioners were fo offenfne while embodied






Dial. II. TO THE SATIRES. 325

Sure, if I fpare the Minifter, no rules

Of Honour bind me, not to maul his Tools;

Sure, if they cannot cut, it may be faid

His Saws are toothlefs, and his Hatchet's Lead.

It anger'd TURENNE, once upon a day, 150
To fee a Footman kick'd that took his pay :
But when h heard th' Affront the Fellow gave,
Knew one a Man of honour, one a Knave ;
The prudent Gen'ral turn'd it to a jeft,
And begg'd, he'd take the pains to kick the reft : 155
Which not at prefent having time to do
F. Hold Sir ! for God's-fake where's th' Affront to

you ?

Againft your worfhip when had S k writ ?
Or P ge pour'd forth the Torrent of his Wit ?
Or grant the Bard whofe diftich all commend itfc
[/ Poinfr a Servant, out of P&w'r a frle.nJ']
To W le guilty of forrie venial fin j
What's that to you who ne'er was out nor in ?

The Prieft whofe Flattery be-dropt the Crown.
How hurt he you ? he only ftain'd the Gown.

N o T i s.

and under difcipline, what mult \ve think of their difor-
ders fmce they were difbanded and become free-booterb :
No virtue nor merit hath efcaped them. They have made
a great City in the South, too much refemble another in
the North, where the produces of night and darknefs are
difcharged from Garrets on every hone It man that
within their reach.

VER. 1 60 the Bard] A verfe taken out of a poem tc
Sir R. W. P.

Y 7



EPILOGUE Dial. II.

And how did, pray, the florid Youth offend,

Whofe Speech you took, and gave it to a Friend ?

P. Faith it imports not much from whom it came

Whoever borrow'd, could not be to blame,

Since the whole Houfe did afterwards the fame.

Let Courtly Wits to Wits afford fupply, 571

As Hog to Hog in huts of Weftphaly ;

If one, thro' Nature's Bounty or his Lord's,

Has what the frugal dirty foil affords,

From him the next receives it, thick or thin, 175

As pure a mefs almofl as it came in ;

The bleffed benefit, not there confin'd,

Drops to the third, who nuzzles clofe behind j

From tail to mouth, they feed and they caroufe :

The laft full fairly gives it to the Houfe. \ 80

F. This filthy fimile, this bcaftly line
Quite turns my ftomach

P. So does Flatt'ry mine j
And all your courtly Civet-cats can vent,
Perfume to you, to me is Excrement.
But hear me further Japhet, 'tis agreed,
Writ not, and Chartres fcarce could write or read,

NOTES.

VER. 164. ThePrieJl,&c.~\ Spoken not of any particu-
lar prieft, but of many priefts. P.

VER. 166. And bow did, &V.] This feems to allude to
a complaint made $ 71 . of the preceding Dialogue. P.



Dial. II. TO THE SATIRES. 327

In all the Courts of Pindus guiltlefs quite j

But Pens can forge, my Friend, that cannot write j

And muft no Egg in Japhet's face be thrown,

Becaufe the Deed he forg'd was not my own ? 190

Muft never Patriot then declaim at Gin,

Unlefs, good man ! he has been fairly in !

No zealous Paftor blame a failing Spoufe, )

Without a (taring Reafon on his brows ?

And each Blafphemer quite efcape the rod, 195

Becaufe the infult's not on Man, but God ?

Afk you what Provocation I have had ?
The ftrong Antipathy of Good to Bad.
When Truth or Virtue an Affront endures,
Th' Affront is mine, my friend, and ftiould be yours.
Mine, as a Foe profefs'd to falfe Pretence, 201

Who think a Coxcomb's Honour like his Senfe ;
Mine, as a Friend to ev'ry worthy mind ;
And mine as Man, who feel for all mankind.

V A R I A T I O N' S.

VER. 185. in the MS.

I grant it, Sir ; and further, 'tis agreed,
Japhet writ not, and Chartres fcarce could read.

NOTES.

VER. 185. Japbet Chartres] See the Epiitle to Lord
Bathurft. P.

VER. 204. And mine as Man, ivbo feel for all mankind. ]
From Terence : " Homo fum : humani nihil a me alie-
" num puto." P



328 EPILOGUE Dial. 11.

F. You're ftrangely proud.

P. So proud, I am no Slave :

Q

o impudent, I own myfelf no Knave : 206'

So odd, my Country's Ruin makes me grave.

Yes, I am proud 3 I muft be proud to fee

Men not afraid of God, afraid of me :

Safe from the Bar, the Pulpit, and the Throne, 210

Yet touch'd and fham'd by Ridicule alone.

O facred weapon ! left for Truth's defence,
Sole Dread of Folly, Vice, and Infolence !
To all but Heav'n-dire<5ted hands dcny'd,
The Mufe may give thee, but the Gods mud guide :

NOTES.

VER. 208. Yes, I am proud; ffc.] In this ironical ex-
ultation the Poet infmuates a fubjeft of the deepeft humi-
liation.

VER. 211. Tet touched and /ham d by Ridicule a/one J] The
Paffions are given us to awake and fupport Virtue. But
they frequently betray their truft, and go over to the inte-
rells of Vice. Ridicule, when employed in the caufe of
Virtue, fhames and brings them back to their duty. Hence
the ufe and importance of Satire.

VER. 214. To all hut Heaven -dire fled bands] " The Ci-
** tizen (fays Plato, in his fifth book of Laws) who does
' no injury to any one, without quellion, merits our
' efteem. He, who, not content with being barely juft
' himfelf, oppofes the courfe of injuftice, by profecuting
' it before the Magiflrate, merits our efteem vaftly more.
' The firfl difch.irges the duty of a fingle Citizen ; but
' the other does the office of a Body. But he whofe zeal
' flops not here, but proceeds to A C SIST THE MAGIS-
' TRATE IN PUNISHING is the moft valuable bleffing of
' Society. This is the PERFECT CITIZEN, to whom we
' fhould adjudge the/r/,# of Virtue"



Dial. II. TO THE SATIRES. 329

Rev'rent I touch thee ! but with honeft zeal ; 216

To roufe the Watchmen of the public Weal,

To Virtue's work provoke the tardy Hall,

And goatl the Prelate flumb'ring in his Stall.

Ye tinfel Infecls ! whom a Court maintains, 22O

That counts your Beauties only by your Stains,

NOTES.

VER. 219. And goad the Prelate JlumVrlttg In bis Stall.]
The good Eufebius, in his Evangelical Preparation, draws a
long parallel between the Ox and the Chriftian Priejihood.
Hence the dignified Clergy, out of mere humility, have ever
iince called their thrones by the name of flails. To which
a great Prelate of Winchester, one W. Edinton, modeftly
alluding (who otherwife had been long fince forgotten)
has rendered his name immortal by this ecclefiaftical apho-
rifm, Canterbury is the higher rack, but Winckejhr is the bet-
ter manger. By which, however, it appears that he was
not one of thofe here condemned, who Jiumber in their
flails. SCRIBL.

VER. 220, &c. Te tinfel Infefts I whom a Court maintains.
That count s your Beauties only by your Stains, Spin nil your
Cobwebs] And again, to the lame purpofe, in the Epijile
to Dr. Arbuthnot,

Who breaks a buttcrfy upon a wheel r
Yet let me flap this bug wife gilded ivings,
This painted child of Dirt, that fonts andfoxgs.
Thefe, it is objected, are Infects not of Nature's creating,
but the Poet's, and therefore fuch compound images are
to be condemned. One would think, by this, that mixed
qualities troubled the fenfe, as much as mixed metaphors do
the ftyle. But whoever thinks fo, is miitaken. The fault
of mixed metaphors is, that they call the imagination from
image to image, when it is the writer's purpofe to fix it
upon one. On the contrary, mixed qualities do their ofiice
rightly, and inform the underjlmding of what the author

4



330 EPILOGUE Dial. II,

Spin all your Cobwebs o'er the Eye of Day !
The Muff's wing (hall brufh you all away :
All his Grace preaches, all his Lordfhip (ings,
All that makes Saints of Queens, and Gods of Kings.

NOTES.

would infinuate, that the mora/infeR is a more worthlefs
creature than the phyjtcal, as he collects together, in one
individual, divers bad or trifling qualities, which nature
had difperfed in many. And when, in faft, we fee them
fo collected ; as venom, fophiftry, and infidioufnefs, in a
Court -Butterfly, the giving it the bite of the bug, and the
web of the fpider, makes it a monjler indeed, but a monitev
of nature's producing, and not the poet's,

cujus velut aegri fomnia vana;
Fingentur fpecies.

VER. 220. Te Infetfs The Mufis wing Jball brujb you all
away :] This it did very effectually ; and the memory of
them had been now forgotten, had not the Poet's charity,
for a while, protracted their miferable Being. There is
now in his library a complete collection of all the horrid
Libels written and published againft him ;

The tale reviv'd, the lye fo oft o'erthrown,
Th' imputed trafh, and dulnefs not his own ;
The morals blacken'd, when the writings 'fcape,
The libell'd Perfon, and the pictured fhape.
Thefe he had bound up in feveral volumes, according to
their various fizes, from folios down to duodecimos ; and
to each of them hath affixed this motto out of the book of
Job:

Behold, my dejtre is, that mine ad<verfary JbouLi ivrite a book.
Swely Ijhould take it upon my Jhoulder, and bind it as a cro-tvn
to me Ch xxxi. ^35, 36.

VER. 222. Cobwebs] Weak and flight fophiftry againft
virtue and honour. Thin colours over vice, as unable to
hide the light of Truth, as cobwebs to made the fun. P.



Dial. II. TO THE SATIRES. 331
All, all but Truth, drops dead-born from the Prefs,
Like the laft Gazette, or the laft Addrefs. 227

When black Ambition (tains a public Caufe,
A Monarch's fword when mad Vain-glory draws,
Not Waller's Wreath can hide the Nation's Scar,
Nor Boileau turn the Feather to a Star. 231

Not fo, when diadem'd with rays divine,
Touch'd with the Flame that breaks from Firtyis

Shrine,

Her Prieftefs Mufe forbids the Good to die,
And opes the Temple of Eternity.

VA R i AT i o N]S.
After -jr 227. in the MS.

Where's now the Star that lighted Charles to rife :
With that which follow'd Julius to the ikies.
Angels, that vvatch'd the Royal Oak fo well,
How chanc'd ye nod, when lucklefs Sorel fell ?
Hence, lying miracles ! reduc'd fo low
As to the regal-touch, and papal-toe ;
Hence haughty Edgar's title to the Main,
Britain's to France, and thine to India, Spain !

NOTES.

VER. 228. When black Ambition, C5V.] The cafe of
Cromwell in the civil war of England ; and (^ 229.) of
Louis XIV. in his conqueft of the Low Countries. P.

VER. 231. Nor Boileau turn the Feather to a StarJ] See
his CWe on Namur ; where (to ufe his own words) " il a
" fait un Aftre de la Plume blanche que le Roy porte or-
" dinairement a fon Chapeau, et qui eft en effet vine ef-
" pece de Comete, fatale a nos ennemis.". P.



332 EPILOGUE Dial. II.

There, other Trophies deck the truly brave,

Than fuch as Anftis cafts into the Grave j

Far other Stars than * and * * wear,

And may defcend to Mordington from STAIR :

(Such as on HOUGH'S unfully'd Mitre fhine, 246

Or beam, good DIGBY, from a heart like thine)

Let Envy howl, while Heav'n's whole Ghorus fings,

And bark at Honour not confer'd by Kings -,

Let Flattery fick'ning fee the Incenfe rife,

Sweet to the World, and grateful to the Skieb : 245

Truth guards the Poet, fan&ifies the line,

And makes immortal, Verfe as mean as mine.

Yes, the laft Pen for Freedom let me draw,
When Truth frauds trembling on the edge of Law ;
Here, Laft of Britons ! let your Names be read ; 250
Are none, none living ? let me praife the Dead,

NOT E s.

VER. 237. dnjlii] The chief Herald at Arms. It is
the cuflom, at the funeral of great peers, to caft into the
grave the broken ftaves and enfigns of honour. P.

VER. 239. Stair ; ] John Dalrymple Earl of Stair,
Knight of the Thiftle ; ferved in all the wars under the
Duke of Maryborough; and afterwards as Embafiador in
France. P.

VER. 240, 241. Hough and Digby] Dr. John Hough
Bifttop of Worcefter, and the Lord Digby. The one an
affertor of the Church of England in oppofition to the
falfe meafures of King James II. The other as firmly at-
tached to the caufc of that King. Both acling out of prin-
ciple, and equally men of honour and virtue. P.



Dial. II. TO THE SATIRES. 333

And for that Caufe which made your Fathers fhine,
Fall by the Votes of their degen'rate Line.

Fr. Alas ! alas ! pray end what you began,
And write next winter more EJfcys on Man, 25?

VARIATIONS.
VER. 255, in the MS.

Quit, quit thefe themes, and write Effays on Man.

NOTES.

VER. *//.] This was the laft poem of the kind printed
by our author, with a refolution to publifh no more ; but


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