Alexander Pope.

The works of Alexander Pope Esq. : In nine volumes, complete. With his last corrections, additions, and improvements; as they were delivered to the editor, a little before his death. Together with the commentary and notes of Mr. Warburton (Volume 4) online

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Online LibraryAlexander PopeThe works of Alexander Pope Esq. : In nine volumes, complete. With his last corrections, additions, and improvements; as they were delivered to the editor, a little before his death. Together with the commentary and notes of Mr. Warburton (Volume 4) → online text (page 4 of 18)
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he employs his own, without fcruple or ceremony.
Hence it is, he is fo frequently ferious where Horace
is in jeft ; and at eafe where Horace isdifturbed. In
a word, he regulates his movements no further on
his Oiigtnal, than was neceflary for his concurrence,
in promoting their common plan of Reformation cf
manners.

Had it been his purpofe merely to paraphrafe an
ancient Satirift he had hardly made choice of Horace ;
with whom, as a Poet, he held little in common be-
fides a comprehenfive knowledge of life and manners,
and a certain curious felicity of expreffion, which con-



( 53)

fifts in ufmg the fimpleft language with dignity, and
the moft ornamented, with eafe. For the reft, his
harmony and ftrength of numbers, his force and
fplendor of colouring, his gravity and fublime of fen-
timent, would have rather led him to another model'
Nor was his temper lefs unlike that of Horace, than
his talents. What Horace would only fmile at, Mr.
Pope would treat with the grave feverity of Perfius :
And what Mr. Pope would ftrike with the cauftic
lightening of Juvenal, Horace would content himfelf
in turning into ridicule.

If it be afked then, why he took any body at all to
imitate, he has informed us in his Advert ifement. To
which we may add, that this fort of Imitations, which
are of the nature of Parodies^ adds reflected grace and
fplendor on original wit. Befides, he deem'd it more
modeft to give the name of Imitations to his Satires,
than, like Defpreaux, to give the name of Satires 19
Imitations,



j + IMITATIONS Book II.

SATIRA PRIMA.

HORATIUS. TREBATIUS.
H O R A T I U S.



quibus in Satira videar nitnis acer, et ultra
Legem tendere opus ; b fine nervis altera, quidquid
Compofui, pars efle putat, fimilefque meorum
Mille die verfus deduci pofle. Trebati,
Quid faciam I praefcribe.

T. d Quiefcas.

H. Ne faciam, inquis,
Omnino verfus ?

T. Aio.

H. Peream, male, fi non
Optimum erat : " verum nequeo dormire.

NOTES.

VER. 3. Scarce to wife Peter Chartres] It has been
commonly obferved of the Englifh, that a Rogue never
goes to the Gallows without the pity of the Spectators,
and their parting curfes on the rigour of the Laws that
brought him thither : and this has been as commonly
afcribed to the good nature of the people. But it is a mif-
take. The true caufe is their hatred and envy of power.
Their companion for Dunces and Scoundrels (when ex-
pofed by great writers to public contempt, either in juf-
tice to the age, or in vindication of their own Characters)
has the fame fource. They cover their envy to a fuperior
genius, in lamenting the feverity of his Pen.




'</ y</<-s atte.

JZ. tetfatiraf friftl .



Sat, I, OF HQRACE, 5*

SATIRE L

To Mr. F O R T E S C U E.

P.fTpHERE are (I fcarce can think it, but am

X told)

* There are, to whom ray Satire feems too bold ;
Scarce to wife Peter complaifant enough,
And fomething faid of Chartres much too rough.
b The lines are weak, another's pleas'd to fay* J
Lord Fanny fpins a thoufand fuch a day.
Tim'rous by nature, of the Rich in awe,
c I come to Council learned in the Law :
You'll give me, like a friend both fage and free,
Advice ; and (as you ufe) without a Fee. jo

F. '' I'd write no more.

P. Not write ? but then I think,
f And for my foul I cannot fleep a wink.

NOTES,

VER. 7. 'Tiatrou! by nature ', of the Rich inanue^] The de-
licacy of this does not fomuch lie in the ironical application
of it to himfelf, as in its ferioufly charafterifmg the Perfon
for whofe advice he applies.

VER. 12. Not write? &c.] He has omitted the moft
humourous part of the anfwer,

Peream male, Jt non
Optimum trat :

and has loll th grace, by not imitating the concifencft, of
verym risque o dormire,

E 4



j6 IMITATIONS Book II.

T. f Tcr unU

Tranfnanto, Tiberim, fomno quibus eft opus alto ;
Irriguumve mero fub notem corpus habento.

* Aut, fi tantus amor fcribendi te rapit, aude
CAESARIS invifti res dicere, h multa laborum
Praemia laturus.

H. Cupidum, pater optime, vires
Dcficiunt : ! neque enim quivis horrentia pills
Jgwina, necfrafla pereuntes cufpide Gallop
Aut labentis equo defcribat vulnera Parthi.

NOTES.

For concifenefs, when it is clear (as in this place) gives
the higheft grace to elegance of expreflion. But what fol-
lows is as much above the Original, as this falls fhortof it.

VER. 20. Hart/horn] This was intended as a pleafantry
on the novelty of the prefcription.

VER. 23. What? like Sir Richard, &c.~\ Mr. Molyneux,
a great Mathematician and Philofopher, had a high opi-
nion of Sir Richard Blackmore's poetic vein. AllourEng
HJb poets, except Milton (fays he, in a letter to Mr. Locke)
have been mere ballad-waken in comparifon of him. And Mr.



Sat. I. O F H O R A C E. 57

I nod in company, I wake at night,
Fools rufh into my head, and fo I write.

F. You could not do a worfe thing for your life. 15
Why, if the nights feem tedious take a Wife :
f Or rather truly, if your point be reft,
Lettuce and cowflip-wine ; Probatum eft.
But talk: with Celfus, Celfus will adrife
Hartfhorn, or fomething that fhall clofe your eyes. 20
g Or, if you needs muft write,write CAESAR'S Praife,
* You'll gain at leaft a Knlglnkocd^ or the Bays.
P. What ? like Sir ' Richard, rumbling, rough,

and fierce,
With ARM?, and GEORGE and BRUNSWICK crowd

the Ycrfe,

Rend with tremendous found your ears afunder, 25
With, Gun, Drum, Trumpet, Blunderbufs," and

Thunder ;

Or nobly wild, with Budgel's fire and force,
Paint Angels trembling round his falling Horie :

NOTES.

Locke, in anfwer to this obfervation, replies, I find, <witl>
flea fur e, a firange Harmonf throughout, between four Thoughts
and mine. Jult fo a Roman Lawyer, and a Greek Hiftorian,
thought of" the poetry of Cicero. But thefe being judg-
ments made by men out of their own profefilon, are little
regarded. And Pope and Juvenal will make Blackmore
and Tully pafs for Poetaiters to the world's end.

VER. 28. falling Hor/e r] The hcrfe on which his Ma-
jelly charged at the battle of Oudenard ; when die Pre-



5$ IMITATIONS Book It

T. k Attamen et juftum poteras et fcribere fortem,
Scipiadajn ut fapiens Lucilius.

H. Haud mihi deero,

Cum res ipfa feret : l nifi dextro tempore, Flacci
Verba per attentam non ibunt Caefaris aurem :
Cui male fi palpcre, recalcitrat undique tutus.
T* m Quanto re&ius hoc, quam trifti laedere verfu
Pantolabum fcurram, Nomentanumve nepotcm ?
R Cum fibi quifque timct, quamquam eft intaftus y cl

edit.

H. Quid faciam ? faltat Milonius, ut femel ito
Acceflit fervor capiti, numerufque lucernis.

NOTES.

tender, and the Princes of the blood of France fled before
him.

VER. 39. Abufe the City's beft good men in metre,] The
left good Man, a City phrafe for the richcji. Metre not
ufed here, purely to help the verfe, but to mew what it is
a Citizen efteems the grcateft aggravation of the offence.

VER. 41 . Wi.atJJjoitldail them <] Horace hints at one rea-
fon, that each fears his own turn may be next ; his imitator
gives another, and with more art, a reafon which infmu*



Sat. I. O F H O R A C E. 59

F. k Then all your Mufe's fofter art difplay,
Let CAROLINA fmooth the tuneful lay, 30

Lull with AMELIA'S liquid name the Nine,
And fwcetly flow thro' all the Royal Line.

P. ' Alas ! few verfes touch their nicer ear;
They fcarce can bear their Laureate twice a year;
And juftly CAESAR fcorns the Poet's lays, 35

It is to Hijlory he trufts for Praife.

F. m Better be Cibber, I'll maintain it flill,
Than ridicule all Tafte, blafpheme Quadrille,
Abufe the City's beft good men in metre,
And laugh at Peers that put their truft in Peter. 40
* Ev'n thofe you touch not, hate you.

P. What mould ail them ?

F. A hundred fmart in Timon and in Balaam :
The fewer ftill you name, you wound the more ;
Bond is but one, but Harpax is a fcore.

P. Each mortal has his pleafure : none deny 45
Scarfdale his bottle, Darty his Ham-pye ;
Ridotta fips and dances, till {he fee
The doubling Lucres dance as faft as fiie j

NOTES.

ates, that his very lenity, in ufing feigned names, increafes
the number of his Enemies.

VER. 46. Darty bis Ham -pye {] This Lover of Ham-pye
own'd the fidelity of the poet's pencil ; and faid, he hiiJ
done juftice to his tafte ; but that if, inftcau of Hzm-pye,,
he had given him Sweet -pyc, he never could have pardoa-
ed him.



60 IMITATIONS Book II,

* Caftor gaudet equis ; ovo prognatus eodem^
Pugnis. quot capitum vivunt, totidem ftudiorum
Millia. q me pedibus dele&at claudere vcrba,
Lucili ritu, noftrum melioris utroque.
llle velut fidis arcana fodalibus olim
Credebat libris j neque, ft male geflerat, ufquam
Decurrens alio, neque fi bene : quo fit, ut omnis
Votiva pateat vcluti defcripta tabella
Vita fenis. fequor hunc, r Lucanus an Appulus, an-
ceps :

[Nam Venufmus arat finem Tub utrumque colonus,
NOTES.

VER. 50. Like in all elfe, as one Egg to another] This has
neither the juflnefs nor elegance of

ovo prognatus eodem.

For tho' it may appear odd, that thofe who come from the
fame Egg ihould have tempers and purfuits direclly con-
trary ; yet there is nothing itrange, that two Brothers, alike
in all things elfe, fhould have different amufements.

VER. 52. Ai downright Sbif>pen, or as old Montagne ;]
They had this, indeed, in common, to ufe great liberties
of ipeech, and to profefs faying what they thought. Mon-
tagne had many qualities, that have gained him the love
and efteem of his Readers : The other had one, which al-
ways gainM him the favourable attention of his Hearers.
For as a celebrated Roman Orator obferves, " Maledicit



Sat. I. O F H O R A C E. 6t

* F loves the Senate, Hockley-hole his brother,

Like in all elfe, as one Egg to another. 50

1 I love to pour out all myfelf, as plain

As downright SHIPPEN, or as old Montagne:

In them, as certain to be lov'd as feen,

The Soul ftood forth, nor kept a thought within;

In me what fpots (for fpots I have) appear, 55

Will prove at lead the Medium muft be clear.

In this impartial glafs, my Mufe intends

Fair to expofe myfelf, my foes, my friends ;

Publifh the prefent age j but where my text

Is Vice too high, referve it for the next : 60

My foes ihall wifh my life a longer dat,

And ev'ry friend the lefs lament my fate.

My head and heart thus flowing thro' my quill,

r Verfe-man or Profe-man, term me which you will,

NOTES.

*' INERUDITUS apertius et faepius, cum periculo etiam
" fuo. Affert et iftares OPINIONEM, quia libentifiime ho-
" mines audiunt ea quae dicere ipji noluiflent."

VER. 56. the medium muft be clear.'} Allufion to a foun-
tain of limpid water, thro 1 which the contents of the bot-
tom are difcovered. This thought affifted him in the eafy
and happy change of the metaphor in the following line.

VER. 63. My bead and heart thus flowing thro' my quill,]
Inferior to the Original :

Ille velut fidis arcana fodalibus olim
Credebat libris, etc.

Perfius alluded to this idea, when he faid,
Vidi, vidi ipfe, Libelle ! etc.



6z IMITATIONS Book II.

Miflus ad hoc, pulfis (vetus eft ut fama) Sabellis,
Quo ne per vacuum Romano incurreret hoftis j
Sive quod Appula gens, feu quod Lucania bellum
Incuteret violenta.] * fed hie flylus hat.;', petct ultro
Quemquam animantem, ct me veluti cuftodiet enfis
Vagina te&us, quern cur deftringere coner,
T Tutus ab infeftis latronibus ? v O pater et rex
Jupiter, nit pereat pofitum rubigine telum,

NOTES.

VER. 64. Verfe-man or Profe-mnn, teri.i me which you ivill,
Papiji or Proti/taxt, sV.] The original thought (which is
very flat, and fo ill and aukwarcily expreffed, as to be ta-
ken for a monlcifh Addition) is here admirably imitated,
in a lively charader of himft-lf, and his Writings.

VER. 69. Satire's my Weapon,] In thefe Words, our Au-
thor has happily explained the true Charader of Horace's
ironical Apology, which is to this.purpofe : Nature, fays
he, has given all Creatures the mean? of offence and de-
fence : The wolf has teeth, the bull has horns, and 1 have
a talent for fatire. And, at the fame time that he vindi-
cates his claim to this his natural weapon, Satire, he mews
its moral U.H; ; it was to oppofe to ths noxious qualities
which nature had given Cevius for informing, C'anidia for
poifoning, and Turius fur t - .r,'. /^ j~-ntc:ire. The turn of this
ludicrous argumentation is fine and delicate ; and we find
his Imitator faw the whole force of it.

VER. 71. Ionly<v:car it in a land of HeHon, &c.~\ Super
fior to,

tutus ab infeftis latronibus,



Sat. I. O F H O R A C E. 6;

Papift or Proteftant, or both between, 65

Like good Erafmus in an honeft Mean,

In moderation placing all my glory,

While Tories call me Whig, and Whigs a Tory^

f Satire's my weapon, but I'm too difcreet

To run a muck, and tilt at all I meet j 70

1 I only wear it in a land of Hectors,

Thieves, Supercargoes, Sharpers, and Directors.

v Save but our Army ! and let Jove incruft

Swords, pikes, and guns, with everlafting ruft !

NOTES.
which only carries on the metaphor in

enfis

Vngina teftus,

whereas the imitation does more; for, along with the
metaphor, it conveys the image of the fubjedt, bypre-
fenting the reader with the feveral objefts of fatire.

VER. 72. Thieves, Supercargoes, ,] The names, at that
time, ufually beftowed on thofe whom the trading Com-
panies fent with their Ships, and intrufted with their con-
cerns abroad.

VER. 73. Save but our Army f bV.] " Une Maladie
" nouvelle (fays the admirable Author de Vefprit des Loix)
" s'eft repandue en Europe; elle a faifi nos Princes, et
" leur fait entretenir un nombre defordonne de Troupes.
M Elle a fes redoublemens, et elle devient neceffairemeiii
' contagieufe. Car fi-tot qu'un Etat augmente ce qu'il ap-
T pelle fes Troupes, les autres foudain augmentent les

leurs, de fa^on qu'on ne gagne rien par-la que la Ru'fne
* commune. Chaque Monarque tient fur pied toutcs les
' Armees qu'il pourroit avoir fi fes Peuples etoient en dan-
! ger d'etre extermines ; et on nomme Paix cet etat



6-4 IMITATIONS Book IT.

Nee quifqnam noceat w cupido mihi pads ! at ille,
Qui me commorit, (melius non tangere, clamo)

* Flebit, et infignis tota cantabitur urbe,

y Cervius iratus leges minitatur et urnam ;
Canidia Albuti, quibus eft inimica, venenum ;
Grande malum Turius, fi quid fe judice certes :

* Ut, quo quifque valet, fufpe&os terreat, utque
Imperet hoc Natura potens, fie collige mecum.
Dentfe lupus, coniu taurus petit ; unde, nifi intus
Monftratum ? a Scaevae vivacem crede nepoti
Matrem ; nil faciet fceieris pia dextera (mirum ?
Ut neque calce lupus quemquam, neque dente petit

bos)
Sed mala toilet anum vitiato melle cicuta.

b Ne longum faciam : feu me tranquilla fcne&us
Exfpectat, feu mors atris circumvolat alls $

NOTES.

de fous co7it'-e tous. AuGi VEurope eft-elle fi rumee, que
les particuliers, qui icroicnt dans la fituation ou font les
trois Puiflanccs de cette partie du monde les plus opu-
lentes, n'auroient pas dc quoi vivre. Nous fommes
pauvres avec les Richefles & le commerce de tout 1'U-
nivers ; & bientot, a force d'avoir des Soldats, nous n.' r
aurons plus que des Soldats, & nous ferons comme des
Tartares."

VER. 81 84. Slander lileltdly her hate.'] There feems
to be more fpirit here than in the original. But it is hard



Sat. I. O F H O R A C E. *y

w Peace is my dear delight not FLEURY'S more : 75

But touch me, and no minifter fo fore.

Whoe'er offends, at fome unlucky time

* Slides into verfe, and hitches in a rhyme,

Sacred to Ridicule his whole life long,

And the fad burthen of fome merry fong. 80

y Slander or Poifon dread from Delia's rage,
Hard words or hanging, if your Judge be Page.
From furious Sappho fcarce a milder fate,
P-x'd by her love, or libell'd by her hate.
z Its proper pow'r to hurt, each creature feels ; 85
Bulls aim their horns, and AfTes lift their heels ;
'Tis a Bear's talent not to kick, but hug ;
And no man wonders he's not ftung by Pug.
So drink with Walters, or with Chartres eat,
They'll never poifon you, they'll only cheat. 90

b Then, learned Sir ! (to cut the matter fhort)
Whate'cr my fate, or well or ill at Court,

NOTES.

to pronounce with certainty. For tho' one may be confi-
dent there is more force in the 83 ' and 84" lines than in
Canidia Albuti, quibus eft inimica, venenum ;

yet there might be fomething, for ought we know, in the
Chara&er or Hiflory of Cer^vlus, which might bring up
that line to the fpirit and poignancy of the 82 ' verfe of the
Imitation.

VER. 84 90. Its proper power to hurt, &V.] All, except
the two lail lines, inferior to the elegance and pre:ifioa
of the Original.

VOL. IV. F



66 IMITATIONS Book II.

Dives, inopsj Romae, feu fors ita juflcrit, exfulj
' Quifquis erit vitae, fcribam, color.

T. d O puer, ut fis

Vitalis metuo j et majorum ne quis amicus
Ffigore te feriat.

H. e Quid ? cum eft Lucilius aufus
Primus in hunc opens componere carmina morem,

NOTES.

VER. 93. 96. Whether Old age Jhade'] The Original
is more finifhed, and even fublime. Befides, the laft verfe
To wrap me in the univerfal Jhade, has a languor and re-
dundancy unufual with our author.

VER. 97. Whether the darken" d room Or whiten" d

wall ] This is only a wanton joke upon the terms of his
Original

Quifquis erit vitae color.

VER. 99. In durance, exile, Bedlam, or the Mint,'] The
Poet, in our equal Government, might talk of the difafters
incident to wit, at his eafe, and with all this levity of
ftyle. But it was a ferious matter with Horace ; and is fo
ftill with our witty Neighbours ; one of whom has well ex-
preiTed their condition, in the following lines,
Eh ! Que fait-on ? Un fimple badinage,
Mai entendu d'un Prude, ou d'un Sot,
Peut vous jetter fur un autre rivage :
Pourperdre un Sage, il nefautqu'un Bigot,

4



Sat. I. O F H O R A C E. 67

Whether Old age, with faint but chearful ray,

Attends to guild thfe Ev'ning of my day,

Or Death's black wing already be difplay'd, 95

To wrap me in the univerfal made ;

Whether the darken'd room to mufe invite,

Or whiten'd wall provoke the fkew'r to write :

In durance, exile, Bedlam, or the Mint,

k Like Lee or Budgell, I will rhyme and print. 100

d Alas young man ! your days can ne'er be long,
In flow'r of age you perim for a fong !
Plums and Directors, Shylock and his Wife,
W ill club their Tefters, now, to take your life !

P. e What ? arm'd for Virtue when I point the pen,
Brand the bold front of mamelefs guilty men ; 106
Dam the proud Gamefler in his gilded Car ;
Bare the mean Heart that lurks beneath a Star',

NOTES.

VER. 104. Will dub their Tejlers, &c .] The image is ex-
ceeding humourous, and, at the fame time, betrays the
injaftice of their refentment in the very circumilance of
their indulging it ; as it (hews the Poet had faid no more
of their avarice, than what was true. Our Author's abun-
dance of Wit has made his readers backward in acknow-
ledging his talent for Humour. But the veins are equally
rich ; and the one flows with eafe, and the other is always
placed with propriety.

VER. 105 120. What? arm'd for Virtue, s*c.] This
is not only fuperior to Horace, but equal to any thing in
himfdf.

F 2



68 IMITATIONS BoolcII.

f Detrahere et pellem^ nltidus qua quifque per ora
Cederet, introrfum turp'u ; num Laclius, et qui
Duxit ab opprefla meritum Carthagine nomen,
Ingenio offcnfi ? aut laefo doluere Metello,
Famofifque Lupo cooperta verfibus ? atqui
Primorcs populi arripuit populumque tributim ',

NOTES.

VE R . 1 1 o . Lights of the Church, or Guardians of the Lanui ?]
Becaufe juft Satire is an ufeful fupplement to the fanftions
of La-iu and Religion ; and has, therefore, a claim to the
protection of thofe who prefide in the adminiftration either
of church or ftate.

VER. in. Could Boileau Could Dryden] I believe nei-
ther of them would have been fuffered to do this, had
they not been egregious flatterers of the feveral Courts to
which they belonged.

Ibid. Could penjlon V Boileau Could Laureate Drydeti\ It
was Horace's purpofe to compliment the former times,
and therefore he gives the virtuous examples of Scipio and
Laslius ; it was Mr. Pope's, to fatirize the prefent, and
therefore he gives the vicious examples of Louis, Charles,
and James. Either way the inftances are equally pertinent ;
but in the latter they have rather greater force. Only the
line,

Uni aequus virtuti atque ejus amicis,
lofes fomething of its fpirit in the imitation ; for the amid,
referred to, were Scipio and La:lius.

VER. 1 1 6. Unplaced, unpenfion V, no man's heir, orjla*vt ?~\
Mr .Pope, it is well known, made his fortune by his Homers.



Sat. I. OF HORACE. 6?

Can there be wanting, to defend Her caufe,
Lights of the Church, or Guardians of the Laws !
Could penfion'd Boileau lafh in honert ftrain ill
Flatt'rers and Bigots ev'n in Louis' reign ?
Could Laureate Dryden Pimp and Fry'r engage,
Yet neither Charles nor James be in a rage I
And I not f ftrip the gilding off a Knave, 115

Unplac'd, unpenfion'd, no man's heir, or flave ?
I will, or perifh in the gen'rous caufe :
Hear this, and tremble ! you, who 'fcape the Laws.

NOTES.

Lord Treafurer Oxford affefted to difcourage that defign 5
for fo great a Genius (he faid) ought not to be confined to
Tranflation. He always ufed Mr. Pope civilly ; andwould
often exprefs his concern that his religion rendered him
incapable of a place. At the fame time, he never fpoke
one word of a pen/ion. For this offer he was folely indebt-
ed to the Whig-Minifters. In the beginning of George I.
Lord Hallifax, of his own motion, fentforMr. Pope, and
told him it had often given him concern that fo great a
Poet had never been diltinguifhed ; that he was glad it was
now in his power to ferve him j and, if he cared to accept
it, he mould have a penfion not clogged with any engage-
ments. Mr. Pope thanked him, and defired time to con-
fiderof it. After three months (having heard nothing fur-
ther from that Lord) he wrote him a letter to repeat his
thanks ; in which he took occafion to mention the affair of
the pen/ion with much indifference. So the thing dropt till
Mr. Craggs came into the Miniftry. The affair of the/>w
Jiott was then refumed. And this minifter, in a very frank
and friendly manner, told Mr. Pope, that three hundred
pounds a year was then at his fervice : he had the manage-
ment of the fecret-fervice money, and could pay himfuh

F3



fd IMITATIONS Book II,

Scilicet * UNI AEQUUS VIRTUTI ATQI/E EJUS

AM1CIS.

h Quin ubi fe a -uulgo etfccna mfecreta rcmorant
Virtus Scipiadae et mitis fapientia Laeli t
Nugari cum illo, et difcin&i ludere, donee
Decoqueretur olus, fpliti.

Quidquid fum ego, quamvis
Infra Lucili cenfum, ingeniumque j tamen me
1 Cum magnis vixij/e invita fatebitur ufque
Invidia ; et fragili quaerens illidere dentem,

Offendet folido :

NOTES.

a penfion, without its being known, or ever coming to acr
count. But now Mr. Pope declined the offer without hefi-
tation : only, in return for fo friendly a propofal, he told
the Secretary, that if at any time he wanted money he
would draw upon him for i oo or 200 1. which liberty,
notwithftanding, he never took. Mr. Craggs more than
pnce prefled him on this head ; and urged the conveniency
of a Chariot ; which Mr. Pope was lenfible enough of :
But the precarioufnefs of that fupply made him very pru-
dently decline the thoughts of an equipage ; which it was
much better never to fet up, than not properly to fupport.
VER. 129. ^WHE, ijuhofe lightning, &c.] Charles Mor-
daunt Earl of Peterborow, who in the year 1705 took Bar-



Sat. I. O F H O R A C E. 71

Yes, while I live, no rich or noble knave

Shall walk the world, in credit, to his grave. 120

B To VIRTUE ONLY and HER FRIENDS A FRIEND,

The World befide may murmur, or commend.

Know, all the diftant din that world can keep,

Rolls o'er my Grotto, and but fooths my fleep.

h There, my retreat the beft Companions grace, 125

Chiefs out of war, and Statefmen out of place.

There ST. JOHN mingles with my friendly bowl

The Feaft of Reafon and the Flow of foul :

And HE, whofe lightning pierc'd th' Iberian Lines,

Now forms my Quincunx, and now ranks my Vines,

Or tames the Genius of the ftubborn plain, 131

Almoft as quickly as he conquer'd Spain.

* Envy muft own, I live among the Great,
No Pimp of pleafure, and no Spy of ftate,

NOTES.

celona, and in the winter following-, with only 280 horfe
and 900 foot, enterprized and accomplished the Conqueft
of Valentia. P.

VER. 133. Eirvy muft own, &V.] Horace makes the


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