Alexander Pope.

The works of Alexander Pope Esq. : In nine volumes, complete. With his last corrections, additions, and improvements; as they were delivered to the editor, a little before his death. Together with the commentary and notes of Mr. Warburton (Volume 4) online

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Online LibraryAlexander PopeThe works of Alexander Pope Esq. : In nine volumes, complete. With his last corrections, additions, and improvements; as they were delivered to the editor, a little before his death. Together with the commentary and notes of Mr. Warburton (Volume 4) → online text (page 5 of 18)
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point of honour to confifl fimply in his living familiarly
with the Great,

Cum magnis vixifle invita fatebitur ufque
Invidia.

Our poet, more nobly, in his living with them on the foot-
ing of an honeft man. He prided himfelf in this fuperi-
ority, as appears from the following words, in a letter to
Dr. Swift. " To have pleafed great men, according to

F4



72 IMITATIONS Book II.

k nifi quid tu, dofle Trebatiy
Diflcntis.

T. ' Equidem nihil hinc diffingere poflum.
Scd tamen ut monitus caveas, ne forte negoti
Incutiat tibi quid fan6tarum infcitia legum :

m " Si mala condident in quern quit camrina,

jus ejl
" Judiciumque."

H. Efto, fiquis n mala, fed bona fi quis

N o x E s.

* Horace, is a praife ; but no.t to have flattered them,

" and yet not have difpleafed them, is a greater." Let.vu.

Jan. 12, 1723.

VER. 146. A man 'was Jiang J &c.~\ Si mala condident

A great French Lawyer explains this matter very truly.
L'Ariftocratie eft le Gouvernement qui profcrit le plus
les Ouvrages fatiriques. Les Magiftrats y font de petits
fouverains, qui ne font pas afiez grands pour meprifer
les injures. Si dans la Monarchic quelque trait va con-
tre le Monarque, il eft fi haut que le trait n'arrive point
jufqu'a lui ; un Seigneur Ariftocratique en eft perce de
part en part. Auffi les Decemvirs, qui formoient une
Ariftocratie, punirent-ils de mortles Ecrits Satiriques. 1 '

De L'Efprit des Loix, L. xii. c. 1 3.

VER. 150, 151. Likelt and Satires! lav: left things indeed!



Sat I. O F H O R A C E. 73

With eyes that pry not, tongue that ne'er repeats,
Fond to fpread friendfhips, but to cover heats ; 136
To help who want, to forward who excel j
This, all who know me, know ; who love me, tell ;
And who unknown defame me, let them be
Scriblers or Peers, alike are Mob to me. 140

This is my plea, on this I reft my caufe
k What faith my Council, learned in the Jaws ?

F. ' Your Plea is good ; but (till I fay, beware !
Laws are explain'd by Men fo have a care..
It ftands on record, that in Richard's times 147

A man was hang'd for very honeft rhymes ;
m Confult the Statute, quart. I think, it is,
Edwardi fext. or prim, et quint. Ellz.
See Libels^ Satires here you have it read.

P. n Libels and Satires-! Jawlefs things indeed ! 150
But grave Epiflles^ bringing Vice to light,
Such as a King might read, a Bifhop write,

NOTES.

But grave Epijiles, cffr.] The legal objection is here more
juftly and decently taken off than in the Original. Horace
evades the force of it with a quibble,

Eilo, fiquis mala, fed bona li quis.

But the Imitator's grave Epijiles fhew thefafire to be a feri-
ous reproof, and therefore juftifiable ; which the integer
ipfe of the Original does not : for however this might
plead in mitigation of the offence, nothing but their being
grave Epijiles could juftify the attack.
VER. 152. F. Indeed?] Hor.

Solventur rifii tabulae,



W IMITATIONS Book II.

Judice condiderit laudatus CAE SARE ? fi quis
Opprobriis dignum laceraverit, integer ipfe ?

T. Solventur rifu tabulae : tu mifTus abibis.

NOTES.

Some Critics tell us, it is want of tafte to put this line in the
moath of Trebatius. But our Poet confutes this cenfure,
by (hewing how well the fenfe of it agrees to his Friend's
character. The Lawyer is cautious and fearful ; but as
foon as SIR ROBERT, the Patron both of Law and Gofpel.



Sat I. O F H O R A C E. 75

Such as Sir ROBERT would approve

F. Indeed ?

The Cafe is alter'd you may then proceed ;
In fuch a caufe the Plaintiff" will be hifs'd, 155
My lords the Judges laugh, and you're difmifs'd.

NOTES.

is named as approving them, he changes his note, and, in
the language of old Plouden, owns, tie Cafe is altered.
Now was it not as natural, when Horace had given a hint
that Auguftus himfelf fupported him, for Trebatius, a
Court Advocate, who had been long a Client to him and
his Uncle, to confefs thf Cafe wot altered?



THE

SECOND SATIRE



OF THE



SECOND BOOK



O F



HORACE.



IMITATIONS Book II.



S A T I R A II.



U AE virtus et quanta, boni, fit vivere parvo
(Nee meus hie fermo ; fed quae praecepit

Ofcllus,

Rufticus, d abnormis Sapiens, crajjaque Minerva")
Difcite. ' non inter lances menfafque nitentes }
Cum flupet infants adcs fulgoribtn^ et cum
Acclinis falfis animus meliora recufat :
c Verum hie impranji mecum difquirite. Cur hoc ?
Dicani, fi potcro. male verura exarainat omnis
Corruptus judex. Leporem felatus, equove
Lailus ab indomito j vel (fi Romana fatigat
Militia afluetum graecari) feu pila velox,
Molliter aufterum ftudio fallente laborem ;
Sou te difcus agit, pete cedentem ae'ra difco :
Cum labor cxtulerit faflidia ; ficcus, inanis,
Spcrnc cibum rihm :. nifi Hymettia mclL Falerno,
Ne bibcris, diluta. ' foris eft promus, et atrum

NOTES.

VER. 5, 6. figilt Buffet's refcflcd^nJc Turns you frcmfvttnd
Pbilofofly afide ;] More forcibly and, happily exprefled than
the original acclin'u folds ; tho' that be very elegant.






Sat. II. OF HORACE. ;

SATIRE II.

To Mr. B E T H E L.



W



HAT, and how great, the Virtue and the

Art
To live on little with a chearful hearty

* (A doctrine fage, but truly none of mine)
Let's talk, my friends, but talk c before we dine.

e Not when a gilt Buffet's reflected pride 5

Turns you from found Philofophy afide ;
Not when from plate to plate your eye-balls roll,
And the brain dances to the mantling bowl.

Hear BETHEL'S Sermon, one not ven/d in fchools,
J But ftrong in fenfe, and wife without the rules. 10

h Go workj hunt, exercife ! (he thus began)
Then fcorn a homely dinner, if you can.

Your wine lock'd up, your Butler ftroll'd abroad,
JOr fifh deny'd the river yet unthaw'd)

NOTES.

VER. 9. BETHEL.] The fame to whm feveral of Mr.
Pope'* Letters are addrefled.



8o IMITATIONS Book II.

Defendens pifces hiemat mare : cum fale panis
Latrantem ftomachum bene leniet. unde putas, aut
Qai partum ? non in caro nidorc voluptas
Summa, fed in teipfi eft. tu pulmentaria quaere
Sudando. pingucm viuis albumque neque oftrea,
Nee fcarus, aut poterit peregrina juvare lagoi's.

k Vix tamen eripiam, pofito pa-vone, veils quin
Hoc potius quam galllna tergere palatum ;
Corruptus vanis rerum : quia veneat auro
Kara avis, et pi<5ta pandat fpe&acula cauda :
Tamquam ad rem attineat quidquam. Num vefceris

ifta,

Quam laudas, pluma ? coctove num adeft honor idem ?
Carne tamen quamvis diftat nihil hac, magis ilia j
Imparibus formis deceptum te patet, efto.
Unde datum fentis, lupus hie, Tiberinus, an alto
Captus hict ? pontefne inter jactatus, an amnis
Oftia fub Tufci ? ' laudas, infanc, triiibrem
Mullum ; in fingula quern minuas pulmenta necefT; eft^
Ducit te fpecies, video, quo pcrtinet ergo
Proceros odifle tapes ? quia fcilicet illis
Majorem natura modumdedit, his breve pondus.
Jejunus raro ftomachus vulgaria temnit.

m Porreftum magno magnum fyeftare catlno
Velltm^ ait Harpy in gula digna rapacibus. At vos,

NOTES.
V'ER. 25. Oilfield.] This eminent Glutton ran thro' *



fcat. It. OF HORACE. Si



If then plain bread and milk will do the feat, j 5
The pleafure lies in you, and not the meat.

k Preach as I pleafe, I doubt our curious men
Will chufe a pheafant ftill before a hen ;
Yet hens of Guinea full as good I hold,
Except you eat the feathers green and gold. 2<l

1 Of carps and mullets why prefer the great,
(Tho* cut in pieces ere my Lord can eat)
Yet for fmall Turbots fuch efteem profefs ?
Becaufe God made thefe large, the other lefs.
"' Oldfield with more than Harpy throat endu'd, 25
Cries " Send me, Gods ! a whole Hog barbecu'd !"

NOTES.

fortune of fifteen hundred pounds a year in the fimple lu-
xury of good eating.

VER. 26. a v:bole Hog barbecud !~\ The Poet has here
given a beauty equivalent to that in the Original,

Porredlum magno magnum fpe&are catino,
which by the flownefs of the Syllables, where four ipon-
dees follow one another, well exprefles the enormous bulk
of the fifh which the Glutton pray'd for.

Ibid. Hog barbecud, &c.~] A Weft Indian term of glut-
tony, a hog roafted whole, Huffed with fpice, and bafted
with Madera Wine. P.

VOL. IV, G



82 IMITATIONS Book II.

? Praefentes, Auftri, coquite horum opfonia : quam-

quam

Putet aper rhombufque recens, mala copia quando
Aegrum follicitat ftomachum } cum rapula plenus
Atqueacidas mavult inulas. necdum <wz/2/j abadla
Pauperies epulis regum : nam vilibus ovis
Nigrifque eft olds hodie locus. Haud ita pridem
Gallon! praeconis erat acipenfere menfa
Infamis. quid ? turn rhombos minus aequora alebant ?
P Tutus erat rhombus, tutoque ciconia nido,
Donee vos auctor docuit praetorius. ergo
i Si quis nunc mergos fuaves edixerit aj/os 9
Parebit pravi docilis Roma na juventus.

1 Sordidus a tenui vi&us diftabit, Ofello
Judice : nam fruftra vitium vitaveris iftud,
Si te alio pravus detorferis. ' Avidienus,
1 Cui Canis ex vero duclum cognomen adhaeret,

NOTES.

VER. 27. Oh blajl it, South-winds /] This has not the
force, nor gives us the pleafant allufion in the original,
coyuite.

VER. 42. Bedford-head-^ A famous Eating-houfe. P.

VER. 43. Or evn to crack live CraFwJijh\ There is force
and humour in dixerit and parebit* which the imitation
does not reach.



Sat. II. OF B O R A C E. 83

Oh blaft it, n South-winds ! till a flench exhale

Rank as the ripenefs of a rabbit's tail.

By what Criterion do ye eat, d'ye think,

If this is priz'd for fweetnefs, that for ftink ? 30

When the tir'd glutton labours thro' a treat,

He finds no relifh in the fweeteft meat,

He calls for fomething bitter, fomething four,

And the rich feaft concludes extremely poor :

Cheap eggs, and herbs, and olives ftill we fee j 3$
Thus much is left of old Simplicity !

p The Robin-red-breaft till of late had reft,

And children facred held a Martin's neft,

Till Becca-ficos fold fo dev'lfh dear

To one that was, or would have been, a Peer. 40

* Let me extol a Cat, on oyfters fed,
I'll have a party at the Bedford heud

Or ev'n to crack live Crawfifh r<.commend ;
I'd never doubt at Court to m..k . :, friend.

r 'Tis yet in vain, I own, to Iceep a pother 45
About one vice, and fall into the other :
Between Excefs and Famine iLs a mean ;
Plain, but not fordid ; tho' not fplendid, clean.

1 Avidien, or his Wife (no matter which,
For him you'll call a t dog, and her a bitch) 50

NOTES.

VER. 50. For trim you? II call a dog, and her a bitch"] Our
Poet had the art of giving wit and dignity to his Billkigf-
gate, which Horace feems not have learnt.

G 2



8 4 IMITATIONS Book II.

Quinquennes olcas eft, et, fylveftria corna j

r Ac, nifi mutatum, parcit defundcre vinum et

Cujus odorem olei nequcas perferre) licebit

Ille repotia, natales, aliofque dierum

w Ft/Ios albatus cclebret) cornu ipfe bilibri

Caulibus inftillat, x veteris non parcus actti.

Quali igitur vi&u fapiens utetur, et horum
Utrum imitabitur ? hac urget lupus, hac canis, aiunt.
y Mundus erit, qua non offendat fordibus, atque
In neutram partem cultus mifer. ' Hie neque fervis
Albuti fenis excmplo, dum munia didit,
Saevus erit ; nee fie ut fimplex b Naevius, unftam
Convivis praebebit aquam : vitium hoc quoque ma-
gnum.

Accipe nunc, viclus tenuis quae quantaque fecum
Afferat. A In primis valeas bene j nam variae res
Ut noceant homini, crcda?, memor illius efcae,
Quae fimplex e dim tibi federit. at fimul aflis
Mifcueris elixa, fimul conchylia turdis ;
Dulcia fe in bilem vertent, ftomachoque tumultum
Lenta feret pituita. f Vides, ut pallidus omnis



Sat. II. O F H O R A C E. 85

Sell their preferred partridges, and fruits,

And humbly live on rabbits and on roots :

v One half-pint bottle ferves them both to dine:

And is at once their vinegar and wine.

But on fome w lucky day (as when they found 55

A loft Bank bill, of heard their Son was drown'd)

At fuch a feaft, x old vinegar to fpare,

Is what two fouls fo gen'rous cannot bear :

Oyl, tho' it ftink, they drop by drop impart,

But fowfe the cabbage with a bounteous heart. 60

y He knows to live, who keeps the middle ftate,
And neither leans on this fide, nor on that j
Nor flops, for one bad cork his butler's pay,
Swears, like Albutius, a good cook away j
Nor lets, like b Nsevius, ev'ry error pafs, 6<

The mufty wine, foul cloth, or greafy glafs.

c Now hear what blefllngs Temperance can bring :
(Thus faid our Friend, and what he faid I fmg)
d Firft Health : The ftomach cramm'd from ev'ry

dim,

A tomb of boii'd and roaft, and flefh and fim, 70
Where bile, and wind, and phlegm, and acid jar,
And all the man is one inteftine war)
Remembers oft e the School-boy's fimple fare,
The temp'rate fleeps, and fpirits light as air.

f How pale, each Worfhipful and Rev'rend gueft 5$
Rife from a Clergy, or a City feaft !

G 3



86 IMITATIONS Book II.

Coena defurgat dubia ? quin corpus onuftum
Hefternis vitiis animum quoque praegravat una,
Atque affigit humo divinae particulam aurae.

e Alter, ubi di<5to citius curata fopori
Membra dedit, vegetus praefcripta ad munia furgit.
h Hie tamen ad melius poterit tranfcurrere quondam ;
Sive diem feftum rediens advexerit annus,
Seu recreare volet tenuatum corpus : ubique
Accedent anni, et traclari moll'ius aetas
Iinbecilla volet. Tibi quidnam accedet ad iftam,
Quam puer et validus praefumis, mollitiem ; feu
Dura valetudo incident, feu tarda fenectus ?

k Rancidum aprum antiqui laudabant : non quia nafus
Illis nullus erat j fed, credo, hac mente, quod hofpes
Tardius adveniens vitiatum commodius, quam

NOTES.

VER. 79, 80. The Soul fubfides, and wickedly inclines To
feem but mortal e^n in found Divines.] Horace was an Epi-
curean, and laughed at the immortality of the foul. He
therefore defcribes that languor of the mind proceeding
from intemperance, on the idea, and in the Terms of
Plato,

affigit humo divinae particulam aurae.
To this his ridicule is pointed. Our Poet, with more fo-
briety and judgment, has turned the ridicule, from the
Doctiine, which he believed, upon thofe Preachers of it,
whofe feafts and compotations in Taverns did not edify



Sat. II. O F H O R A C E. 87

What life in all that ample body, fay ?

What heav'nly particle infpires the clay ?

The Soul fubfides, and wickedly inclines

To feem but mortal, ev'n in found Divines. 80

s On morning wings how adtive fprings the Mind
That leaves the load of yellerday behind ?
How eafy ev'ry labour it purfues ?
How coming to the Poet ev'ry Mufe ?
h Not but we may exceed, feme holy time, 85

Or tir'd in fearch of Truth, or fearch of Rhyme j
111 health fome juft indulgence may engage,
And more the ficknefs of long life, Old age ;
' For fainting Age what cordial drop remains,
If our intemp'rate Youth the veflel drains ? 90

k Our fathers prais'd rank Ven'fon. You fuppofe
Perhaps, young men ! our fathers had no nofe.
Not fo : a Buck was then a week's repaft,
And 'twas their point, I ween, to make it laft ; 94
More pleas'd to keep it till their friends could come,
Than eat the fweeteft by themfelves at home.

NOTES.

him ' and fo has added furprizing humour and fpirit to
the eafy elegance of the Original.

VER. 81. On morning wings, &cJ] Much happier and
nobler than the Original.

VER. 86. Or tird in fearch of Truth, or fearch of Rhyme ;]
A fine ridicule on the extravagance of human purluits j
where the moft trifling and moft important concerns of life
fucceed one another, indifferently.

G 4



SS IMITATIONS Book II.

Integrmn edax dominus confumeret. ' hos utinatn

inter
Heroas natum tellus me prima tuliflet.

ra Das a]\c[\ydfamae, quac carmine gratior aurem
Occuptt humanam ? grandes rhombi, patinaeque
Grande ferunt una n cum damno dedecus. adde
Iratum patruum, vicinos, te tibi iniquum,
Et fruftra mortis cupidum, cum decrit egenti
p As, laqud prctium.

i Jure, inquit, Traufius iflis
Jurgatur vcrbis : ego ve&igalia magna,
Divitiafque habeo tribus amplas regibus. r Ergo,
Quod fuperat, non eft mellus quo infumere poffis ?
Cur eget indignus quifquam, te divite ? quare

NOTES.

VER. 117, 118. Oh Impudence of 'wealth! 'with all thy
Jiore, Hcnv darjl tbou let one worthy man be poor ?]

Cur eget indignus quifquam, te divite ?
is here admirably paraphrafed. And it is obfervable in thefe
Imitations, that where our Poet keeps to the fentiments of
Horace, he rather piques himfelf in excelling the molt
finiflied touches of his Original, than in correcting or im-
proving the more inferior parts. Of this elegance of am-
bition all his Writings bear firch marks, that it gave coun-

4



Sat. II. O F H O R A C E. 89

1 Why had not I in thofe good times my birth,
Ere coxcomb-pyes or coxcombs were on earth ?

Unworthy he, the voice of Fame to hear,
* That f\veeteft mufic to an honeft ear j 100

(For 'faith, Lord Fanny ! you are in the wrong,
The world's good word is better than a fong)
Who has not learn'd, n frefh fturgeon and ham-pyc
Are no rewards for want, and infamy !
When Luxury has lick'd up all thy pelf, 105

Curs'd by thy neighbours, thy truftees, thyfelf,
To friends, to fortune, to mankind a {hamc,
Think how pofterity will treat thy name ;
And p buy a rope, that future times may tell
Thou haft at leaft beftow'd one penny well. IIQ

i " Right, cries his Lordmip, for a rogue in need
" To have a Tafte is infolence indeed :
?* In me 'tis noble, fuits my birth and (rate,
" My wealth unweildy, and my heap too great."
Then, like the Sun, let r Bounty fpread her ray, 1 15
And mine that fuperfluity away .
Oh Impudence of wealth ! with all thy ftore,
How dar'ft thou let one worthy man be poor ?

NOTES.

tenance to an invidious imputation, as if his ehief talent
lay in copying finely. But if ever there was an inventive
gepius in Poetry it was Pope's. But his fancy was fo cor-
rected by his judgment, and his imitation fo fpirited by
his gShius, that what he improved ftruck the vulgar eye
more ftrongly than what he invented.



90 IMITATIONS Book II.

{ Temp/a ruunt antiqna Deum ? rr, improbc, carae
Non aliquid patrlae tanto cmetiris acervo ?
Uni nimirum tibi re&e Temper erunt res ?

* O magnus pofthac inimicis rifus ! uterne

* Ad cafus dubios fidet fibi certius ? hie, qui
Pluribus afluerit mentem corpufque fuperbum
An qui contentus parvo metuenfque futuri,

In pace, ut fapiens, aptarit idonea bello ?

T Quo magis his credas : puer hunc ego parvus

Ofellum

Integris opibus novi non latius ufum,
Quam nunc w accifis. Videas, metato in agello,
Cum pecore et gnatis, fortem mercede colonum,
Non ego, narrantem, temere edi luce profefta

NOTES.

VER. 122. AsM**os <vcas, &cJ] I think this light
flroke of fatire ill placed ; and hurts the dignity of the
preceding morality. Horace was very ferious, and pro-
perly fo, when he faid

cur, Improbe ! carae
Non aliquid patriae tanto emetiris acervo.
He remembered, and hints with juft indignation, at thofe
luxurious Patricians of his old party ; who, when. they
had agreed to eftablilh a fund in the caufe of Freedom,
under the conduct of Brutus, could never be perfuaded to



Sat. II. O F H O R A C E. 91

Shall half the f new-built churches round thee fall ?
Make Keys, build Bridges, or repair White-hall : 120
Or to thy Country let that heap be lent,
As M * * o's was, but not at five per cent.

1 Who thinks that Fortune cannot change her mind,
Prepares a dreadful jefl for all mankind.
And u who ftands fafeft ? tell me, is it he 125

That fpreads and fwells in pufF'd Profperity,
Or bleft with little, whofe preventing care
In peace provides fit arms againft a war ?
r Thus BETHEL fpoke, who always fpeaks his

thought,

And always thinks the very thing he ought : 1 30
His equal mind I copy what I can,
And as I love, would imitate the Man.
In South-fea days not happier, when furmis'd
The Lord of Thoufands, than if now w Excised',
In foreft planted by a Father's hand, 135,

Than in five acres now of rented land.

NOTES.

withdraw from their expenfive pleafures what was fuffi-
cient ibr the fupport of fo great a caufe. He had pre-
pared his apology for this liberty, in the preceding line,
where he pays a fine compliment to Auguftus :

quare

Templa ruunt antiqua Deum ?

which oblique ranegvric the Imitator has very properly
turned into a juit ftroke of fatire.

VER.. 133. In South-fea days not happier, &c.~\ Mr. Pope
had South-fea Hock, which he did not fell out. It was
valued at between twenty and thirty thoufand pounds when-
it fell.



9 x IMITATIONS Book II.

Quidquam, praeter x olus fumofae cum pede pernae.

Ac mihi feu r hngum pojl tempus venerat hofpes,
Sive eperum vacua gratus conviva per imbrem
Vicinus ; bene crat, non pifcibus urbe petitis,
Sed pulk atque hoedo : turn z penfilh uva fecundas
Et nux ornabat menfas, cum dupl'tceficu.
Poft hoc ludus erat a cuppa potarc magiftra :
Ac venerata Ceres, ita culmo furgeret alto,
Explicuit vino contra&ae fcria frontis.
Saeviat atque novos moveat Fortuna tumultus !
Quantum hinc imminuct ? quanto ant ego parcius, aut

vat,
O pueri, nituiftis, ut hue c nevus incola venit ?

NOTES.

VER. I 50. And, 'whafs more rare, a Poet fi all fay Grace."]
The pleafantry of this line confifts in the fuppofed rarity
of a Poet's having a table of his own ; or a ienfe of gra-




Ptftl^C^ //<},,/<// /,S,%'r'//t.- (4

-. J? ^-v- ^~X 'j\.'
d




Sat. II. O F H O R A C E. 93

Content with little I can piddle here

On x brocoli and mutton, round the year ;

But y ancient friends (tho' poor, or out of play)

That touch my bell, I cannot turn away. 140

*Tis true, no z Turbots dignify my boards,

But gudgeons, flounders, what my Thames affords :

To Hounflow-heath I point and Banfted-do\vn,

Thence comes your mutton, and thefe chicks my

own :

i From yon old'walnut-tree a fhow'r (hall fall ; 145
And grapes, long ling'ring on my only wall,
And figs from ftandard and efpalier join ;
The dev'l is in you if you cannot dine :
Then b chearful healths (your Miftrefs fhall have place)
And, what's more rare, a Poet fliall fay Grace, ifo

Fortune not much of humbling me can ,boaft :
Tho' double tax'd, how little have I loft !
My life's amufements have been juft the fame,
Before, and after c Standing Armies came.
My lands are fold, my father's houfe is gone; 155
I'll hire another's j is not that my own,
And yours, my friends ! thro' whofe free-op'ning gate
None comes too early, none departs too late ;

NOTES.

titiuk for the bleflings he receives. But it contains, too,
a fober reproof of People of Condition, for their unmanly
and brutal difufe of fo natural a duty.



94 IMITATIONS Book II.



Nam d proprlae tellurh herum natura neque ilium,
Nee me, nee quemquam ftatuit. nos expulit ille j
Ilium aut ' nequities aut f vafri infcitia juris,
Poftremum expellet certe g vivacior heres y
* Nunc ager Umbreni fub nomine, nuper Ofelli
Di&us erat : nulli proprius j fed cedit in ufum



NOTES.

VER. 165. Well, if the ufe be mine, &c.~] In a letter to
this Mr. Bethel, of March 20, 1743, he fays, " My Land-
lady, Mrs. Vernon, being dead, this Garden andHoufe
are offered me in fale ,- and, I believe (together with
the cottages on each fide my grafs-plot next the
Thames) will come at about a thoufand pounds. If I
thought any very particular friend would be pleafed to
live in it after my death (for, as it is, it ferves all my
purpofes as well during life) I would purchafe it ; and
more particularly could I hope two Things, That the
Friend who mould like it, was fo much younger and



Sat. II. O F H O R A C E. 95

(For I, who hold fage Homer's rule the beft,

Welcome the coming, fpeed the going gueft.) 160

" Pray heav'n it laft ! (cries SWIFT !) as you go on j

" I wifh to God this houfe had been your own :

Pity ! to build, without a fon or wife :

" Why, you'll enjoy it only all your life."

Well, if the ufe be mine, can it concern one, 165

Whether the name belong to Pope or Vernon ?

What's d Property r 5 dear Swift ! you fee it alter

From you to me, from me to e Peter Walter ;

Or, in a mortgage, prove a Lawyer's (hare ;

Or, in a jointure, vanifh from the heir ; 170

Or in pure f equity (the cafe not clear)

The Chanc'ry takes your rents for twenty year :

At beft, it falls to fome 5 ungracious fon,

Who cries, " My father's damn'd, and all's my own. T

b Shades, that to BACON could retreat afford. 175

Become the portion of a booby Lord j

NOTES.

healthier than myfelf, a to have as profpeft of its con-
tinuing his fome years longer than I can of its continu-
ing mine. But moft of thofe I love are travelling out
of the world, not into it ; and unlefs I have fuch a.
view given me, I have no vanity nor pleafure that does


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