Alexander Pope.

The works of Alexander Pope Esq. : In nine volumes, complete. With his last corrections, additions, and improvements; as they were delivered to the editor, a little before his death. Together with the commentary and notes of Mr. Warburton (Volume 4) online

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Online LibraryAlexander PopeThe works of Alexander Pope Esq. : In nine volumes, complete. With his last corrections, additions, and improvements; as they were delivered to the editor, a little before his death. Together with the commentary and notes of Mr. Warburton (Volume 4) → online text (page 7 of 18)
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De te pendentis, te refpicientis amici.

NOTES.

VER. 251. They change their weekly Barber, sV.] Thefe
fix lines much more Ipirited than the original. In Hprace,
the people's inconftancy of temper is fatirizcd only in a
mple expofre of the cafe. Here the ridicule on the folly



Ep. I. OF HORACE. nj

They change their weekly Barber, weekly News,
Prefer a new Japanner, to their fhoes, 1 56

Difcharge their Garrets, move tkeir beds, and run
(They know not whither) in a Chaife and one ;
They p hire their fculler, and when once aboard,
Grow fick, and damn the climate like a Lord. 160

i You laugh, half Beau, half Sloven if I ftand,
My wig all powder, and all fhuff my band j
You laugh, if coat and breeches ftrangely vary,
White gloves, and linen worthy Lady Mary !
But when * no Prelate's Lawn with hair-fhirt lin'd.
Is half fo incoherent as my Mind. 166

When (each opinion with the next at ftrife,
One ' ebb and flow of follies all my life)
I l plant, root up j I build, and then confound ;
Turn round to fquare, and fquare again to round ;
* You never change one mufcle of your face, 171
You think this Madnefs but a common cafe,
Nor w once to Chanc'ry, nor to Hale apply j
Yet hang your lip, to fee a Seam awry !
Carelefs how ill I with myfelf agree, 175

Kind to my drefs, my figure, not to Me.
Is this my x Guide, Philofopher, and Friend ?
This he, who loves me, and who ought to mend ;
Who ought to make me (what he can, or none,)
That Man divine whom Wifdom calls her own j

NOTE*.

is heightened by an humourous piftureof the varioui ob-
j&s of that inconl^ncy.

I 4



IMITATIONS Book I.

Ad fummam, fapiens uno y minor eft. "Jove dives,
r Liber, honoratus, b pulcher, c rex denique regum ;
Praecipue fanus, e n ifi C um pituita molefta eft.

NOTES.
VER. 182. when plunder <t] i.e. By the Public; which



Ep. I. OF HORACE, 121

Great without Title, without Fortune blefs'd ; 181
Rich x ev'n when piunder'd, z honour'd while op-

prefs'd ;

Lov'd a without youth, and follow'd without pow'r ;
At home, tho' exii'd ; b free, tho' in the Tower ;
In fliort, that reas'ning, high, immortal Thing, 185
Juft c lefs than Jove, and d much above a King,
Nay, half in heav'n c except (what's mighty odd)
A Fit of Vapours clouds this Demy-God ?

^ /

IM O T E S.

has rarely her revenge on her plunderers ; and when flic
has, more rarely knows how to ufe it.



THE



SIXTH EPISTLE



OF THE



FIRST BOOK



O F



HORACE.



124 IMITATIONS Book I.



E P I S T O L A VI.

"TRL T I L admirariy prope res eft una, Numici,
Solaque quae poflit facere et fervare beatufn.

k Hunc folem, et ftellas, et decedentia certis

.
Tempora momeritis,. funt qui c formidine nulla

NOTES.

VER. 3. dear MURRAY ,"] This Piece is the moft finifh-
cd of all his Imitations, and executed in the high manner
the Italian Painters call con amore. By which they mean,
the exertion of that principle, which puts the faculties on
the ftretch, and produces the fupreme degree of excellence.
For the Poet had all the warmth of affeftion for the great
Lawyer to whom it is addrefled : and, indeed, no man ever
more deferred to have a Poet for his friend. In the obtain-
ing of which, as neither Vanity, Party, nor Fear, had any
lhare ; fo he fupported his title to it by all the offices of
true Friendfhip.

VER. 4. Creech. ~\ From whofe Tranflation of Horace
the two firft lines are taken. P.

VER. 6. Jiarsthat rife andfall^ The original is

decedentia certis
Tempora momentis
which words fimply and literally fignify, the change offea-



Ep. VI. O F H O R A C E. 125

EPISTLE VI.

To Mr. MURRAY.

" TVT OT to admir e is all the Art I knoyr,

" X if To make men happy, and to keep them fo."-

(Plain Truth, dear MURRAY, needs no flow'rs of

fpeech,
So take it in the very words of Creech.)

'' This Vault of Air, this congregated Ball, 5

Self-center'd Sun, and Stars that rife and fall,
There are, my Friend ! whofe philofophic eyes
Look thro', and truft the Ruler with his Ikies,
To him commit the hour, the day, the year,
And view c this dreadful All without a fear. T -

NOTES.

fens. But this change being confideredas an objea of ad-
uranon his imitator has judicioufly expreffed it in the
more fublime figurative terms of

Stars that rife and fall,

by whoft ! courfes the fcafons are marked and diftinguifhed.

\ ER^8. trujt the Ruler with his Jkies, To him con^h th

hour,} Our Author in thefe imitations, has been all alone

his" OrigTnal 10 re m ralS ' and 3bfurd divini ^

k, VE ii l i-^ nd T th " dre ^f uU JUthoi<tafearl He
has added this ,de a to his text ; and it greatly heightens



ii6 IMITATIONS Book t,

Imbuti fpe&ent. d quid cenfes, munera terrae ?
Quid, maris extremos Arabas e ditantis et Indos ?
Ludicra, quid, f plaufus, et amici dona Quiritis ?
Quo fpe&anda modo, 6 quo fenfu credis et ore ?

* Qui timet his adverfa, fere miratur eodem
Quo cupiens pa&o : pavor eft utrobique moleftus :
Improvifa fimul fpecies exterret utrumque :
J " Gaudeat, an doleat j cup ; at, metuatne i quid ad rerrij
Si, quidquid vidit melius pejufve fua fpe,
Defixis oculis, animoque et corpore torpet ?

k Infani fapiens nomen ferat, aequus iniqui }
Ultra quam fatis eft, virtutem fi petat ipfam.

NOTES.

the dignity of the whole thought. He gives it the appella-
tion of a dreadful All, becaufe the immenfity of God's
creation, which modern philofophy has fo infinitely en-
larged, is apt to affeft narrow minds, who meafure the
divine comprehenfion by their own, with dreadful fuipi-
cions of man's being overlooked in this dark and nar-
rower corner of exiftence, by a Governor occupied and
bufied with greater matters.

VER. 21. In either cafe, belic<ve me, *vce admire^] i. /<
Thefe objefts, in either cafe, affed us, as objeds unknowa
affed the mind, and consequently betray us into fatfc
judgments.



Ep. VI. OF HORACE. 127

Admire we then what i Earth's low entrails hold, ^
Arabian (bores, or Indian feas infold j Q

All the mad trade of e Fools and Slaves for Gold ? \
Or f Popularity ? or Stars and Strings?
The Mob's applaufes, or the gifts of Kings ? 15

Say with what * eyes we ought at Courts to gaze,
And pay the Great our homage of Amaze ?

If weak the h pleafure that from thefe can fpring,
The fear to want them is as weak a thing :
Whether we dread, or whether we defire, 2O

In either cafe, believe me, we admire ;
Whether we joy or grieve, the fame the curfj,
Surpriz'd at better, or furpriz'd at worfe.
Thus good or bad, to one extreme betray
Th' unbalanc'd Mind, and fnatch the Man away ; 25
For k Virtue's felf may too much zeal be had;
The worft of Madmen is a Saint run mad.

NOTES.

VER. 22. Whether we joy or grieve, the fame the curfe,
Surprizdat better, or furprizd at ivorfe.] The elegance of
this is fuperior to the Original. The curfe is the fame (fays
he) whether we joy or grieve. Why fo ? Becaufe, in either
cafe, the man is furprized, hurried off, and led a\vr.y
captive.

(The good or bad to one extreme betray
Th' unbalanc'd Mind, and fnatch the Man away .)
This happy advantage, in the imitation, arifes from the
ambiguity of the v/ordfurprize.

VER. 27. The worjl of Madmen is a Saint run mad.} Be-
caufe when men are carried away by their paffions, as all



128 IMITATIONS Book I.

1 1 nunc, argentum et marmor m vetus, aeraque et

artes

Sufpice : cum gemmis n Tyrios mirare colores :
Gaude, quod fpehnt oculi te mille loquentem :
Gnavus p mane forum, et vefpertinus pete ter.um;
q Ne plus frumenti dotalibus emetat agris
Mutus et (indignum ; quod fit pejoribus ortus)
r Hie tibi fit potius, quam tu mirabilis illi.
8 Quicquid fub terra eft, in apricum proferet aetas ;

NOTES.

Madmen are, he, who has joined the Caufe of God to hit
own, muft needs do the moft mifchief, as this Union
gives him additional vigour in the purfuit of his extrava-
gances.

VER. 29. ref.eQed Plate} This epithet conveys a fine
ftroke of fatire ; it infmuates, that the enamoured poflef-
for, half afhamed of his paffion, obliquely eyes his plate
from the reflecting mirror, that hangs oppofite to his Side-
board ; which idea he expreffes in another place by
a gilt Buffet's reflected pride.

VER. 30. Procure a TASTE to double the fur prize. ~\ This
is one of thofe fuperior touches that molt enoble a perfed
piece. He fpeaks here offa/je tafle, as appears by his dire-
ctions how to get it, and how to ufe it when got. Procure
a tajie, fays he. That is, of the Virtuofi ; whofe fcience
you are to buy for that purpose : for true tajle y which is
I



Ep. VI. OF H O R A C .

1 Go then, and if you can, admire the ftate

Of beaming diamonds, and refle&ed Plate;

Procure a TASTE to double the furprize, 30

And gaze on m Parian Charms with learned eyes :

Be ftruck with bright n Brocade, or Tyrian Dye,

Our Birth-day Nobles' fplendid Livery.

If not fo pleas'd, at Council-board rejoice,

To fee their Judgments hang upon thy Voice ; 35

From p morn to night, at Senate, Rolls, and Hall,

Plead much, read more, dine late, or not at all.

But wherefore all this labour, all this ftrife ?

For * Fame, for Riches, for a noble Wife ?

Shall r One whom Nature, Learning, Birth confpir'd

To form, not to admire but be admir'd, 41

Sigh, while his Chloe blind to Wit and Worth

Weds the rich Dulnefs of fome Son of earth ?

Yet s Time ennobles, or degrades each Line j

It brighten'd CR AGGS'S, and may darken thine : 45

NOTES.

from nature, comes of itfelf. And how are you to ufe it f
Not to cure you of that bane of life, admiration, but to
raife and inflame it, by doubling your furprize. And this a
falfe tajle will always do ; there being none fo given to
raptures as the Virtuofo Tribe : whereas the Man of true tafte
finds but few things to approve ; and thofe he approves
with moderation.

VER. 44. Tet Time ennobles, or degrades each Line ; A
brighten d Craggs"s, and may darken thine:] One of the nq
bleft houfes in Europe. The Original is,

Quicquid fub terra eft, in apricum proferet aetas ;
Defodiet, condetque nitemia.
VOL, IV. K



130 IMITATIONS Book I.

Defodiet condetque nitentia. * cum bene notum
Porticus Agrippae, et via te confpexerit Appi ;
Ire tamen reftat, Numa v quo devenit et Ancus.

w Si latus aut renes morbo tentantur acuto,
Quaere fugam morbi. * vis rede vivere ? quis non ?
Si virtus hoc una poteft dare, fortis omi/fis
Hoc age deliciis.

y virtutem verba putes, et
Lucum ligna ? z cave ne portus occupet alter :

NOTES.

This wants neither force nor elegance ; yet is vaffly infe-
rior to the imitation, where a very fine panegyric on two
great Characters, in the fecond line, gives dignity and eafe
to the mafterly concifenefs of the firft.

VER. 53 TULLY, HYDE !] Equal to either in the mi-
niihy of his Profeflion. In this, indeed, the Parallel fails.
Sully s brighteft talents were frequently tarnifhed by vanit
^nd fear ; and Hydes moft virtuous purpofes perverted
miftaken fpeculations concerning the nature of Cover
ment and the origine of Society.

VER. 57. And defy ratt Mifery lays hold on, Dover. 1 There
is a prettinefs in this expreflion, which depends upon the



Ep. VI. OF HORACE. 131

And what is Fame ? the Meaneft have their day,
The Greateft can but blaze, and pafs away.
Grac'd as thou art, l with all the Pow'r of Words,
So known, fo honour'd, at the Houfe of Lords :
Confpicuous Scene ! another yet is nigh, 50

(More filent far) where Kings and Poets lie ;
Where MURRAY (long enough his Country's pride)
Shall be no more than TOLLY, or than HYDE !

w Rack'd with Sciatics, martyr'd with the Stone,
Will any mortal let himfelf alone ? 5J

See Ward by batter'd Beaus invited over,
And defp'rate Mifery lays hold on Dover.
The cafe is eafier in the Mind's difeafe ;
There all Men may be cur'd, whene'er they pleafe.
Would ye be x bleft ? defpife low Joys, low Gains ;
Difdain whatever CORNBURY difdains; 61'

Be virtuous, and be happy for your pains.

y But art thou one, whom new opinions fway,
One who believes as Tindal leads the way,
Who Virtue and a Church alike difowns, 65

Thinks that but words, and this but brick and {tones ?
Fly z then, on all the Wings of wild defire,
Admire whate'er the maddeft can admire :

NOTES.

Jhppery medicine, by which this Quack rendered himfelf
famous, namely Quickfd<ver.

VER. 65. Who Virtue and a Church alike difoiuns^} The
one appears from his party pamphlets ; the other, from,
his Rights of the CMjtian Church.

K 2



IMITATIONS Book I-

Ne Cibyratica, ne Bithyna negotia perdas;

' Mille talenta rotundentur, totidem altera, porro et
Tertia fuccedant, et quae pars quadret acervum.
Scilicet b uxorem cum dote, fidemque^ et c amices,
Et genus, etformam, regina d Pecunia donat ;
Ac bene nummatum decorat Saudela, Venufque.
Manicipiis locuples, eget aeris e Cappadocum rex.
Ne fueris hie tu. f chlamydes Lucullus, ut aiunt,
Si poflet centum fcenae praebere rogatus,
Qui poflum tot ? ait : tamen et quaerara, et quot ha-

bebo

Mittam : poft paulo fcribit, fibi millia quinquc
Efle domi chlamydum : partem, vel tolleret omnes.
* Exilis domuseft, ubi non et multefuperfunt,

NOTES.

VER. 81. dull" da Man of worth,] Alluding to the City
Knighthoods, where wealth and worfhip go together.

VER. 82. Venus Jball gi<ve him Form, and Anftis Birth.]
Infmuating, that the door of Honour, as well as of
Beauty, ftands always open to money. An/its King at
Arms.



Ep. VI. OF HORACE. 133

Is wealth thy paffion ? Hence ! from Pole to Pole,

Where winds can carry, or where waves can roll, 70

For Indian fpices, for Peruvian Gold,

Prevent the greedy, and out-bid the bold ;

a Advance thy golden Mountain to the fkies ;

On the broad bafe of fifty thoufand rife,

Add one round hundred, and (if that's not fair) 75

Add fifty more, and bring it to a fquare.

For, mark th' advantage ; juft fo many fcore

Will gain a b Wife with half as many more,

Procure her beauty, make that beauty chafte,

And then fuch c Friends as cannot fail to laft. 80

A "* jVIan of wealth is dubb'd a Man of worth,

Venus mail give him Form, and Anftis Birth.

(Believe me, many a e German Prince is worfe,

Who proud of Pedigree, is poor of Purfe)

His Wealth brave f Timon glorioufly confounds ; 85

Afk'd for a groat, he gives a hundred pounds j

Or if three Ladies like a lucklefs Play,

Takes the whole Houfe upon the Poet's day.

* Now, in fuch exigencies not to need,

Upon my word, you muft be rich indeed j 90

NOTES.

VER. 87. Or if three Ladies like a lucklefs Play,"] The
Common reader, I am fenfible, will be always mp*e foli-
citous about the names of thefe three Ladies, the unlucky
Play, and every other trifling circumftance that attended
this piece of gallantry, than for the explanation of our
Author's fenfe, or the illuftration of his poetry ; even
where he is moft moral and fublime. But had it been in



134 IMITATIONS Book I.

Et dominumfallunt) et frofunt furibus. h ergo,
Si res fob poteft facere et fervare beatum,
Hoc primus repetas opus, hoc poftremus omittas.

1 Si fortunatum fpecies et gratia praeftat,
k Mercemur fervum, qui di&et nomina, laevum
Qui fodicet latus, et ' cogat trans pondera dextram
Porrigere : m Hie multum in Fabia valet, ille Vel'ma :
Cui libet, is fafces dabit j eripietque curule,
Cui volet, importunus ebur : " Frater, Pater, adde :
Ut cuique eft aetas, ita quemque facet us adopta.
Si f bene qui coenat, bene vivit ; lucet : eamus
Quo duck gula : pifcemur, venemur, ut * olim
Gargilius : qui mane plagas, venabula, fervos,
Differtum tranfire forum populumque jubebat,

NQTES.

Mr. Pope's purpofe to indulge fo impertinent a curiofity,
he had fought elfewhere for a commentator on his writ-
ings.

VER. 91. A noble Superfluity, &c.] Thefe four lines arp
an admirable paraphrafe on

Exilis domus eft, ubi non et multa fuperfunt,
Et dominum fallunt, et profunt furibus.
VER. 1 10. Then turn about and laugh at your own
I



Ep. VI. OF HORACE. 135

A noble fuperfluity it craves,

Not for your felf, but for your Fools and Knaves ;

Something, which for your Honour they may cheat,

And which it much becomes you to forget.

b If Wealth alone then make and keep us bleft, 95

Still, ftill be getting, never, never reft.

1 But if to Pow'r and Place your paffion lie,
If in the Pomp of Life confift the joy ;
Then k hire a Slave, or (if you will) a Lord IOO
To do the Honours, and to give the Word ;
Tell at your Levee, as the Crouds approach,
To whom ' to nod, whom take into your Coach,
Whom honour with your hand : to make remarks,
Who m rules in Cornwall, or who rules in Berks : 105
*' This may be troublefome, is near the Chair :
*' That makes three Members, this can chufe a May'r."
Inftructed thus, you bow, embrace, proteft,
Adopt him n Son, or Coufin at the leaft,
Then turn about, and laugh at your own Jeft.

Or if your life be one continu'd Treat, 1 1 1

If p to live well means nothing but to eat ;
Up, up ! cries Gluttony, 'tis break of day,
Go drive the Deer, and drag the finny-prey ;
With hounds and horns go hunt an Appetite 1 1 e
So q Ruflel did, but could not eat at night,

NOTES.

Which is fo natural for all Minifters of State to do, that
we need, not fuppofe he meant any particular Minifter.

K 4



I3 6 IMITATIONS Book I.

Unus ut e mukis populo fpectante referret.
Emtum mulus aprum. r crudi, tumidique lavemur,
Quid deceat, quid non, obliti ; Caerite cera
Digni j 8 remigium vitiofum Ithacenfis UlyfTei >
Cui potlor l patria fuit interdi&a voluptas.

v Si, Mimnermus uti cenfet, fine amorejocifque
Nil eft jucundum j vivas in amore jocifque.

NOTES.

VE R . U 8 . And envy 1 d Tbirft and Hunger to the Poor. ] The
Poet has here, with admirable fenfe, expofed what he elfe-
where calls,

THE IMPUDENCE OF WEALTH !

which, in its rage to ingrofs all the bleffings oflife to it-
felf, without fludying to deferve any, not only dares fufftr
an bonejl man to continue poor, but is fo horribly mean and
abjeft as to envy him the advantages arifmg from his very
poverty : A degree of corruption not fo rare as deteftable ;
t ho' it has its root in our common nature, if the Poet has
not outraged it, in the defcription he gives of its pride
and meannefs :

What would this Man ? Now upward will he foar,
And little lefs than Angel, would be more -,
Now looking downwards, juft as griev'd appears
To w ant the ftrength of Bulls, the fur of Bears.

VER. 127. Wilmoi] Earl of Rochefter.
Ibid. 129. AndS\\iVTfay nvtfefy, " Vive la



Ep. VI. OF HORACE. 137

Call'd happy Dog ! the Beggar at his door,
And envy'd Third and Hunger to the Poor.

Or fhall we r every Decency confound,
Thro' Taverns, Stews, and Bagnio's take our round,
Go dine with Chartres, in each Vice out- do 12 j
* K 1's lewd Cargo, or Ty y's Crew,
From Latian Syrens, French Circaean Feafts,
Return'd well travell'd, and transform'd to Beafts,
Or for a titled Punk, or foreign Flame, i 2$

Renounce our ' Country, and degrade our Name ?

If, after all, we mult with v Wilmot own.
The Cordial Drop of Life is Love alone,
And SWIFT cry wifely, < Vive la Bagatelle !"
The Man that loves and laughs, muft fure do well.

NOTES.

Our Poet, fpeaking in one place of the purpofe of his la-
tire, fays,

In this impartial glafs, my Mufe intends
Fair to expofe myfelf, my foes, my friends.
and, in another, he makes his Court-Advifer fay,

Laugh at your Friends, and if your Friends be fore,
So much the better, you may laugh the more,
becaufe their impatience under reproof would fhe\v, they
had a great deal which wanted to be fet right.

On this principle, Swift falls under his correction. He
could not bear to fee a friend he fo much valued, live in
the miferable abufe of one of Nature's beft gifts, unadmo-
nifhed of his folly. Swift (as we may fee by fome pofthu-
mous Volumes, lately published, fo difhonourable and in-
jurious to his memory) trifled away his old age in a difli
pation that women and boys might be afhamed of For



IMITATIONS Book I.
w Vive, vale, fi quid novifti re&ius iftis,
Candidas imperti : fi non, his utere mecum.

NOTES.

when men have given into a long habit of employing
their <v:it only to {hew their parts, to edge their fpleen,
to pander to a faftion ; or, in fhort, to any thing but
that for which Nature beftowed it, namely, to recom-
mend, and fet off Truth ; old age, which abates the paf-
fions, will never reftify the abufes they occafioned. But
the remains of wit, inftead of feeking and recovering their
proper channel, will run into that miferable depravity of
tafte here condemned : and in which Dr. Swift feems to
have placed no inconfiderable part of his wifdom. " I



Ep. VI. OF HORACE. 139

w Adieu if this Advice appear the worft, 131

E'en take the Counfel which I gave you firft :
Or better Precepts if you can impart,
Why do, I'll follow them with all my heart.

NOTES.

" chufe (fays he, in a Letter to Mr. Pope) my Compa-
' nions amongft thofe of the lead confequence, and moft
' compliance : I read the moft trifling Booke I can find :
' and whenever I write, it is upon the moft trifling fub-
* jeds." And again, " I love La Bagatelle better than
' ever. I am always writing bad profe or worfe verfes,
' either of rage or raillery," C5"f. And again, in a Letter

to Mr. Gay, " My rule is, Vive la Bagatelle."



THE



FIRST EPISTLE



OF THE



SECOND BOOK



OF



HORACE.



ADVERTISEMENT.

TH E Reflexions of Horace, and the Judgments
paft in his Epiftle to dugujlus, feem'd fo fea-
fonable to the prefent Times, that I could not help
applying them to the ufe of my own Country. The
Author thought them confiderable enough to addrefs
them to his Prince ; whom he paints with all the
great and good qualities of a Monarch, upon whom
the Romans depended for the Encreafe of an Abfolute
Empire. But to make the Poem entirely Englifh, I
was willing to add one or two of thofe which contri-
bute to the Happinefs of a Free People, and are more
confident with the Welfare of our Neighbours.

This Epiftle will (how the learned World to have
fallen into Two miftakes : one, that Auguftus was a
Patron of Poets in general ; whereas he not only pro-
hibited all but the Beft Writers to name him, but
recommended that Care even to the Civil Magiftrate :
Admonebat Praetores, ne paterer.tur Women fuum obfa-
lefieri, etc. The other, that this Piece was only a
general Difcourfe of Poetry j whereas it was an Apo-
logy for the Poets, in order to render Auguftus more
their Patron. Horace here pleads the Caufe of his
Cotemporaries, firft againft the Tafte of the Town,
whofe humour it was to magnify the Authors of the
preceding Age ; fecondly- againft the Court and Nobi'



ADVERTISEMENT.

///y, who encouraged only the Writers for the Thea-
tre j and laftly againft the Emperor himfelf, who had
conceived them of little Ufe to the Government. He
fhews (by a View of the Progrefs of Learning, and
the change of Tafte among the Romans) that the
Introduction of the Polite Arts of Greece had given
the Writers of his Time great advantages over their

. O C3

Predecefibrs ; that their Morals were much improveda
and the Licence of thofe ancient Poets reftrained :
that Satire and Comedy were become more juft and
ufeful ; that whatever extravagancies were left on the
Stage, were owing to the /// Tajie of the Nobility ;
that Poets, under due Regulations, were in many
refpecls ufeful to the State, and concludes, that it
was upon them the Emperor himfelf muft depend, for
his Fame with Pofterity.

We may farther learn from this Epiftle, that Ho-
race made his Court to this Great Prince by writing
with a decent Freedom toward him, with a juft Con-
tempt of his low Flatterers, and with a manly Re-
gard to his own Characlec. P.



144 IMITATIONS Bookll.

EPISTOLA I.

Ad AUGUSTUM.

CU M tot * fuftineas et tanta negotia folus,
Res Italas armis tuteris, moribus ornes,
Legibus emendes ; in b publica commoda peccem,
Si longo fermone morer tua tempora, Caefar.

c Romulus, et Liber pater, et cum Caftore Pollux,
Poft ingentia fa6la, A Deorum in templa recepfi,
Dum terras hominumque colunt genus, afpera bella
Componunt, agros adfignant, oppida condunt ;
e Ploravere fuis non refpondere favorem
Speratum meritis. diram qui contudit Hydram,
Notaque fatali portenta labore fubegit,
Comperit f invidiam fupremtb fine domari,

NOTES.

Book ii. Epijl. i .] The Poet always rifes with his origi-
nal ; and very often, without. This whole Imitation is
extremely noble and fublime.

VER. 7. Edward and Henry, sV.] Romulus, et Liber
Pater, &c. Horace very judicioufly praifes Auguftus for
the colonies he founded, not for the victories he had won ;


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