Alexander Pope.

The works of Alexander Pope Esq. : In nine volumes, complete. With his last corrections, additions, and improvements; as they were delivered to the editor, a little before his death. Together with the commentary and notes of Mr. Warburton (Volume 6) online

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Online LibraryAlexander PopeThe works of Alexander Pope Esq. : In nine volumes, complete. With his last corrections, additions, and improvements; as they were delivered to the editor, a little before his death. Together with the commentary and notes of Mr. Warburton (Volume 6) → online text (page 10 of 20)
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8. The Eels are obfcure authors, that wrap
thcmlelves up in their own mud, but are mighty
nimble and pert. L. W. L. T. P. M, General C^

9. The Tortoifcs are flow and chill, and, like
paftoral writers, delight much in gardens : they
have for the moft part a fine embroidered Shell,,
and underneath it, a heavy lump. A. P. W. B^

L. E. The Right Hon. E. of S.

Thefe are the chief Charafleriftids of the Ba-
thos, and in each of thcfc kinds we have the com-
fort to be blefled with fundry and manifold choice
Spirits in this our Ifland.



CHAP. vn.

Of the Profund, when it confifts in the
Thought.

WE have already laid down the Principles-
upon which our author is to proceed, and
the manner of forming his Thought by familiariz-
ing his mind tc the loweft objeds ; to which it
may be added, that Vulgar Converfation vrill great-
ly contribute. There is no qucftion but the Gar-

jet



Of tht ART OF SINKING IN POETRY. 181

ret or the Printer's boy may often be difcerneJ in
the compofitions made in inch fcenes and com-
pany ; and much of Mr. Curl himfclf has been in-
fcnnbly infuftd into the works of his learned wri-
ters.

The Phyfician, by the ftudy and inflection of
urine and ordure, approves himfelf in the fcience ;
and in like fort mould our author accuftom and ex-
crcife his imagination upon the dregs of nature,

This will render his thoughts truly and funda-
mentally low, and carry him many fathoms beyond
Mediocrity. For, certain it is (tho' fome luke-
warm heads imagine they may be fafe by tempo-
rizing between the extremes) that where there is
not a Triticalncfs or Mediocrity in the Thought,
it can never be funk into the genuine and perfect
Bathos, by the moft elaborate low Expreflion : It
can, at moft, be only carefully obfcured, or me-
taphorically dcbafed. But 'tis the Thought alone
that ftrikes, and gives the whole that fpirit, which
we admire and ftare at. For inftance, in that inge-
nious piece on a lady's drinking the Bath-waters :

* She drinks ! She drinks ! BehoU the matcblefi

dame !

To her 'tis water ^ but to tts 'tis flame :
Tims fire it water , water fire by turns.
And the fame ft ream at once both cools and burns.

What can be more eafy and unaffc&ed than the
Pi&ionof thefe verfes ? 'Tis the Turn of Thought
alone, and the Variety of Imagination, that charm
and furprize us. And when the fame lady goes
into the Bath, the Thought (as in juftnefs it ought)
goes ftill deeper.
f Venus beheld her, 'midft her crsud of fleeva^

And thought herylj juft rifnifrom the wavts.

* Anon. f Idem.

N 3 How



MARTINUS SCRIBLERUS

How much out of the way of common fcnfc is
this reflexion of Venus, not knowing herfclf from
the lady ?

Of the fame nature is that noble miflake of a
frighted flag in a full chafe, who (faith the Poet)

Hears hisownfeet, and thinks tbey found like more ;
And fears the bind feet will overtake the fore.

So aftonifliing as thefc are, they yield to the fol-
lowing, which is Profundity itfclf,

* None but Hlmfelfcan be his Parallel.

Vnlefs it may fcem borrowed from the Thought of
that Mafier of a Show in Smithfield, who writ in
large letters, over the piclure of his elephant,

This is the great eft lehant in, the world, except
Himjelf.

However, our next inftance is certainly an origi-
nal : Speaking of a beautiful infant,

So fair thou art, that If great Ctipid'be
A child, as Poets fay. Jure th;u art he.
Fair Venus would mijtake thsefir her own t
Did not thy eyes proclaim thce not her f on.
There all the lightnings of thy Mother 'sjbine y
And with a fatal Lrightnejs kill in thine*

Firft he is Cupid, then he is not Cupid ; firft
Venus would miitake him, then fhe would not mi-
ftakc him ; next his Eyes are his Mother's, and,
laftly they are not his Mother's, but his own.

Another author, defcribing a Poet that
forth amidft a circle of Critic?,

77>us Phoebus thro* the Zodiac tatis bis
And amid Men, crs t:fc> into day.

Theobald, Double Fi'&ood.



Of the ART OF SINKING IN POETRY. 183

What a peculiarity is here of invention ? The
Author's pencil, like the wand of Circe, turns all
into monfters at a flroke. A grcrvt Genius takes
things in the lump, without Ihipping at minute
confidcrations : In vain might the ram, the bull,
the goat, the lion, the crab, the fcorpion, the
fifties, all /land in 1m way, as mere natural ani-
mals, much more might it be p'eaded that a pair
of fcales, an old man, and two innocent children,
were no monfters : There were only the Centaur
and the Maid that could be cftc-emcd out of nature.
But what of that ? with a boldncfs peculiar to thefe'
daring genius's, what he found not monfters, he
made fo.



CHAP. VIII.

Of the Profund, confining in the Circum-
ftances, and of Amplification and Peri-
\ hrafc in general.

WHAT in a great meafure diftinguifties
other writers from ours, is their chufing
and leparating fuch circumftances in a defcription
as ennoble or elevate the fubjeft.

The circumftances which are moft natural are
obvious^ therefore not aflonlflnng or peculiar. But
thofe that are far-fetched, or unexpected, or hard-
ly compatible, will furprize prodigioufly. Thefe
therefore we muft principally hunt out ; but above
all, preferve a laudable Prslixity ; prefenting the
whole and every fide at once of the image to view.
For Choice and Diftin&ion are not only a curb to
the fpirit, and limit the defcriptivc faculty, but al-
fb lefien the book ; which is frequently of the worft
confequence of all to our author.

N 4 When



184 MARTINUS SCRIBLERUS

When Job fays in {hort, " He wa/hed his feet
<c in butter," (a circumftance fome Poets would
have foftencd, or part over) now hear how thi$
butter is fpread out by the great Genius.

* With teats dijlended with their milky fore,
Such numerous lowing herds, before my door,
Their painful burden to unload did meet,
That -we with butter might have wa/iSd our feet.

How cautious ! and particular ! He had (fays
our author) fo many herds, which herds thriv'd fo
well, and thriving fo well gave fo much milk, and
that milk produced fo much butter, that, if he did.
not, he might have wafli'd his feet in it.

The enfuing defcription of Hell is no lefs re-
markable in the circumftances.

f In flaming heaps the raging ocean rolls,
Irhofe livid waves involve defpairing fouls ;
The liquid burnings dreadful colours Jhew,
Some deeply red and others faintly blue.

Could the mod minute Dutch-painters have been
more exadt ? How inimitably circumftantial is this
alfo of a war-horfe !
J His eye-balls burn, he wounds the fmcaking plnin^

And knots of fcarlet ribbond deck his mane.

Of certain Cudgel-players :

Tl)ey brandijh high in air their threatning ftaves y
Their hands a woven guard of ozicrjaves.
In which they fix their hazle weapon's end.

Who would not think the Poet had part his
whole life at Wakes in fuch laudable diver/ions r

* Blackm. Job. p. 133.
4 1 r. Arth. p. 89.
J. / non.
$ I'r. Arth. p. 197.

lince



Of the ART OF SINKING IN POETRY. 185

fince he teaches us how to hold, nay how to make
a CudgJ '

Pt-rhhrafe is another great aid to Prolixity ; be-
ing a diffulcd circumloc'U-'iy manner of exprefling;
a known idea, which fliould be fo myfterioufly
couch'd, as to give the reader the pleafurc of guefs-
ing what it is that the author can poflibly mean,
and a ftrange furprize when he rinds it.

The Poet I laft mentioned is incomparable in
tin* figure.

* A Waving Jea of heads was ro -

And ftlllfrejb Jtreams the gazing deluge fed.

Here is a waving Tea of heads, which by a frefli
ftream of heads, grows to be a gazing deluge of
heads. You come at laft to find, it means a great

. i.

How pretty and how genteel i-ihe following ?

f Nature's Confeftimer,

IVhoj'efui -ets tire moift alchemy :
Tbtjtiit of his refining mold
Minting the gardtn into gold.

What is this but a Bee gathering honey ?

| Little Syren of the ft age ;

Empty warbler, breathing fyre,



Wanton gale of fond de/ire,
Tuneful mifchitf) vocal fpell.



Who would think., this was only a poor gentle-
woman that funk finely ?

We may define Amplification to be making; the
moft of a Thought ; it is the fpinning-whccl ot
the Bathos, which draws out and ij-rcads it in the

Job, p 78.
\ Licvcland.
j A. Philips to Cuzzona.

fineft



i86 MARTINUS SCRIBLERUS

fineft thread. There are Amplifiers who can ex-
tend half a dozen thin thoughts over a whole Fo-
lio ; but for which, the tale of many a vaft Ro-
mance, and the fubftance of many a fair volume
might be reduced into the fize of a primmer.

In the book of Job are thcfe words, " Haft
** thou commanded the morning, and caufed the
* e day-fpring to know his place r" How is this ex-
tended by the moft celebrated Amplifier of our
age.

* Canft thoufet forth r// etherial mines on high,.
Which the refulgent ore of light fupply ?
h the celeftial furnace to thee kncnvn,
In which /melt the golden v.ctaldown ?
TreafureSifrcm which I dealt cut light asfaft,
jfs all myftars aud lavijh funs can wafte.

The fame author hath amplified a paflage in the
civth Pfalm ; " He looks on the earth, and it trem-
" bles. He touches the hills, and they fmoke."

f The hills forget they're fix' d, and in their fright
Caft off their weight, andeafe thcmfe foes for flight :
The woods, with terror wing'd, out-fly the icind,
Andletrve the Ixavy, panting hills behind.

You here fee the hills not only trembling, b,ut
daking off the woods from their backs, to run the
fafter : After this you are prefcnted with a foot-race
of mountains and woods, where the woods difrance
the mountains, that, like corpulent purfy fellows,
come puffing ajid panting a vaft way behind them.

* Job, p. 1 08.
t f . 267.



CHAP.



Of th< ART OF SINKING IN POETRV. 187

CHAP IX.

Of Imitation, and the Manner of Imita'ing.

THAT the true authors of the Profund are
to imitate diligently the examples in their
cum twy, is not to be qucftioncd, and that divers
have by this means attained to a depth whereunto
their own weight could never have carried them,
is evident by fundry inflanccs. Who lees not that
De Foe was the poetical Ton of Withers, Tate of
Ogilby, K. \Y.:ul of John Taylor, and E n of
Blackmore ? Therefore when we fit down to
write, let us bring fomc great author to our mind,
and aflc ourfelves this queftion ; How would Sir
Richard have faid this ? Do I exprefs myfclf as
fimply as Amb. Philips ? Or flow my numbers \viia
the quiet thoughtlellnefs of Mr. Welfted ?

But it may feem fomewhat ftrange to affert,
that our Proficient fhould alfo read the works of
thofe famous Poets who have excelled in the Su&-
Itme : Yet is not this a paradox ? As Virgil is faid
to have read Ennius, out of his dunghill to draw
gold, fomay our author read Shakefpear, Milton,
and Dryden for the contrary end, to bury their
gold in his own dunghill. A true Genius, wheiv
he finds any thing lofty or fliining in them, will
have the fktll to bring it down, take off the glofs,
or quite difchargc the colour, by fome ingenious
C::cumftancc or i , fome audition or di-

mi.iution, or by fome of thofc Figures, die ufe of
which we fliail fhew in our next chapter.

The book of Job is acknowledged to be" infi-
nitely fublimc, and yet has not the father of the
Bathos reduced it in every page ? Is there a paf-
fage in all Virgil more painted up and laboured
$an the dcfcription of /Etna in the third ./EneiJ ?

ijuif



MARTINUS SCRIBLERUS

Hornficis juxta tcnat JEtna ruinis^
Jnterdumque atram prcrtcnipit ad ttthera nubem.
Turbine fumaxtt m piceo^ ct candente favilldy
Attollltquc globes Jlammarutn^ ctfidera Iambi t.
Intcrdumjcopulzs avulfaque I'ifcera montis
Erlglt eruflan^ liq:iffalaq:iefaxafub auras
Cum gmiitu glomerat, fundoque exajluat imo.

(I beg pardon of the gentle Englifti reader, and
futh of our jvrtters as understand not Latin) Lo !
how this is taken down by ourBritifh Poet, by the
fmgle happy thought of throwing the mountain in-
to a^?/ of the ccllc.

* /Etna, an I a!! the burning MMMfaM% find
Their kindltdftorts with inbred ftorm* of wind
Bfavn up 1s rage ; and^ roaring out, complain^
As torn tviib inward gripes, and iorfring pain :
Lab'ring) lbr\- caft their dreadful vomit round y
And with their melted bowels fpread the ground.
Horace, in fcarch of the Sublime, ftruclc his
head againft the Stars f ; but Empcdocles, to fa-
thom the Profund, threw himfclf into JEtnz. And
%vho but would imagine our excellent Modern had
aHb been there, from this defcription ?

Imitation is of two forts ; the firft is when we
force to our own purpofes the Thoughts of others j
the fccond confifts in copying the Imperfections,
or Blcmi(hes of celebrated authors. I have fee a
Play profefTedly writ in the ftyle of Shakefpear j
wherein the refemblance lay in one fingle line,

And fo good morrow fye^ good tnajter Lieutenant.
And fundry poems in imitation of Milton, where
with the utmoft exa&nefs, and not fo much as one
. neverthelefe \\ as conftandy nathlefs, em-

Fr. Arthur, p 7-.

f- SxMini feriamjultue vert ice.

broider'd



Of the ART OF Srs'KiKc IK PCETRV.

broiiler'd was '..', hermits were eremite^ dif-

d.;in'd was 'Jdtigndy fhady limit
tmprize, pagan fxiynim, pinions pcnnwsy fvvect dul-
i-fty orchards ordatSy bridge-work pontifical ; nay,
her was hir t and their was thlr thro' the whole
poem. And in very deed, there is no other way
by which the true modern poet could read, to any
purpofe, the works of fuch men as Milton and
Shnkefpear.

It may be expected, that, like other Critics, I
(hould next fpcak of the Pajjicns : But as the main
end and principal effect of the Bathos is to produce
Tranqttility of Mind^ (and fure it is a better defign
to promote jleep than madncfs) we have little to
fay on this fubjecl. Nor will the fhort bounds of
this difcoui fc allow us to treat at large of the Emol-
tents and the Opiats of Poeiy, of the Cool, andtlu-
manner of producing it, or of the methods ufeti
by our authors in managing the Pailions. I (half
but tranfiently remark, that nothing contributes la
much to the Coaly as the ufe of Wit in exprcflirg
pa/Eon : The true genius rarely fails of points,
conceits, and proper Jimile$ on fuch occallons :
This we may term the Pathetic epigrammatical^ ia
which even puns are made ufe of with good fuc-
cefs. Hereby our bell authors have avoided throw-
ing themfelvcs or their readers into- any indecent
Tranfports.

But as it ii fometimes needful to excite' the paf-
jiom of our antagonist in the polemic way, the true
ftudcnti in the law have conftantly taken their me-
thods from low life, where they obferved, that, to
move Anger, ufe is made of fcolding ami railing ;
to move Love, of bawdry ; to beget Favour and
Friendfhip, of grofs flattery ; and to produce Fear,
of calumniating an adverfary with crimes obnoxi-
ous to the State. As for Shame, it is a filly paf-

fior.



i 9 o MAfcTINUS SCRIBLERUS

fion, of which as our authors are incapable them-
fclvcs, fo they would not produce it in others.



CHAP. X.

Of Tropes and Figures : And firfl of the
vari- gating, cc-nlounciingj and reverfing
Figures.

BUT we proceed to the Figures. We can-
not too earneftly recommend to our authors
the ftudy of the AbtiJ'c of Speech. They thought to
lay it down as a principle, to fay nothing in the
nfual way, but (if poflible) in the dire<5t contrary.
Therefore the Figures muft be fo turn'd, as to
manifeft that intricate and wonderful Call: of Head
which diftinguifhes all writers of this kind ; or (as
I may fay) to refer exactly the Mold in which they
were formed, in all its inequalities, cavities, obli-
quities, odd crannies, and diftortions.

It would be endlefs, nay impoffible to enume-
rate all fuch Figures; but we fhall content our-
felvcs to range the principal, which moft power-
fully contribute to the Bathos, undr three Clafles.

I. The Variegating, Confounding, or Reverf-
ing Tropes and Figures.

II. The Magnifying, and

III. The Dimimfhing,

We cannot avoid giving to thcfe the Greek or
Roman Names j but in tendcrnefs 10 our country-
men and "fellow- writer?, many of whom, how-
ever cxquifite, are wholly ignorant of thofe lan-
guages, we have alfo explained them in our mother
tongue.

I. Cf



Of the ART OF SINKING IN POETRY. 191

I. Of the firft fort, nothing fo much conduces
to the Bathos, as the

CAT ACHRf sis.

A Maftcr of this will fay,

Mow the Beard,
Shave the Grafs,
Pin the Plank,
Nail my Sleeve.

From whence refults the fame kind of pleafure ti>
the mind, as to the eye when we behold Harlequin
trimming himfelf with a hatchet, hewing down a.
tree with a rafor, making his tea in a cauldron,
and brewing his ale in a tea-pot, to the incredible
fatisfad~tion of the Britifh fpedlator. Another fource
of the Bathos is,

The METONYMY,

the inverfion of Caufcs for Effects, of Inventors
for Inventions, etc.

Lacd in her * Co/ins new appear d the bride,
A f Bubble- boy and % Tampion at her fide ,
And with an air divine her Colrnar play'd :
Then oh ! foe cries, what /laves I round mi fee ?
Here a bright Redcoat, there a fmart \\ Toupee.

The SYNZCHDOCHE,

which confifts, m the ufe of a part for the whole.
Ybu may call a young woman fometimes Prctty-
face and Pigs eyes, and fometimes Snotty-ncje aud
Draggle-/^//. Or of Accidents for Perfons ; as
Lawytr is called Split-caufc, a Taylor Prick-loufe,

. Stays. f Twezcr-cafc. t Watch, f Fan.
D A fort of Pcrri'A'i^; : All words in ufc in this prcfcnt
Year i F.



J

j



192 MARTINUS SCRIBLERUS

etc. Or of things belonging to a man, for the
man himfelf ; as a S;rY/-man, a Gown-man, a
T-tn-T-d-mzn j a White-5/^, a Turn-/rv, etc.

The APOSIOPESIS.

An excellent figure for the Ignorant, as, " What
" (lull I fay ?" when one has nothing to fay ; or
" I can no more," when one really can no more,
Expreffions which thfe gentle reader is fo good as
never to take in earned.

The MET APR OR.

The firil rule is to draw it from the kivcft things^
which is a certain way to fink the higheft ; as when
you fpcak of the Thunder of Heaven, fay,

* Tfo Lords above are angry and talk big.

If you would defcribc a rich man refunding his
treafures, exprefs it thus,

f Tin be (asjaid) may Riches gorge, the Spoil
J't;h:ful in mafly V orr\\t Jhal! recoil,
/hall he pert/}) with a fvuift decay ^
Like his civn Ordure, caft ivith fcorn away.

The Second, that, whenever you ftart a Meta-
phor, you muft be fure to run it do-ivn^ and pur-
fue it as far as it can go. If you get the fcent of
a Slate negotiation, follow it in this manner.

J The/tones and all the elements with thfe
Shall ratify a firlft confederacy ;
H'ild heafts their javage temper Jball forget,
And for a firm alliance iv'itb tlce treat ;
TJjf finny tyrant of the fpatious feas
^halifend a fcaly embaftyy^r peace ;
His plighted faith the Crocodile Jhall kf(p y
dnd feeing thee, fcrjoyfacerf/ywefp.

* Lcf Alex. f Blackm. Job, p. 91.93*

: f<* r. 22.

7 Or



Of the ART OF SINKING IN POETRY. 193

Or if you reprefent the Creator denouncing war
againft the wicked, be fure not to emit one cir-
cumftance ufual in proclaiming and levying war.

* Envoys and Agents, who ly my ammand

de in Palejtina's land,
To whom commiffions I have given*
To manage there tt.-c interefts cf heaven :
Yc holy heralds, who proclaim
Or war or peace, in mine your mafter's name :
Ye pioneers of heaven, prepare a road,
Make it plain, direct and broad ;
For I in perfon will my people head ;

For the divine deliverer
Will on his march In majefty appear,
And needs the aid of no confed'rate power.

Under the article of the Confounding, we rajilc
i. The MIXTURE OF FIGURES,

which raifes fo many images, as to give you no
image at all. But its principal beauty is when it
gives an idea juft oppcjite to what it fecmed meant
to dcfcribe. Thus an ingenious artift painting the
Spring, talks of a Snow of Blofform, and thereby
raifes an unexpected pi&ure of Winter. Of this
fort is the following :

t The gaping clouds pour Jakes of fulphur down^
TVhofe livid fcijkes ftckningfunbeams drown,

What a noble Confufion ? clouds, lakes, brim-
ftone, flames, fun-beams, gaping, pouring, fick-
ning, drowning ! all in two lines.

2. The JARGON.

t Thy head/hall rife, tho" buried in the duft,
And'midft the douLhii glittering turret* t'nruft.

Blackra. Ifa. c. >1. \ Pr. ArtHir, p. 37.

p. 107.
VOL. VI. Q



194 MARTINUS SCRIBLERUS

>uare, What arc the glittering turrets of a
man's head ?

* Upon the Jhore, as frequent as the f and,

To meet the Prince ', the glad Dimetians ftand.

Quetre, Where thefc Dimetians flood ? and of
what fize they were ? Add alfo to the Jargon fuch
as the following.

f Definition's empire Jhall no longer /off,
And Defolation lye for ever wafte.

Here Niobe, fad mother ; makes her moan,
Andfeems converted to aftonc in ft cue,

But for Variegation, nothing is more ufcful than

3. ThePARANOMAsiA, or PUN,
where a Word, like the tongue of a jackdaw, fpeaks
twice as much by being fplit : As this of Mr.
Dennis |f,

Bullets that wound, like Parthian*, as they fly j
r this excellent one of Mr. Welfted J,

Behold the Virgin lye
Naked, and only cover'd by the Sky.
To which thou may 'ft add,

To fee her beauties no man needs to ftocp,
She has the whole Horizon for her hoep.

4. The ANTITHESIS, or SEE-SAW,

whereby Contraries and Oppositions are ballanced
in fuch a way, as to caufe a reader to remain fuf-
pended between them, to his exceeding delight
and recreation. Such are thefe, on a lady who
made herfelf appear out of -fize, by hiding a young
princefs under her cloaths.

Pr. Arthur, p. 157. f Job, p. 89. $ T.

Cook, Poems. || Poems 1693, p. 13. \ Welfted,
Poems, Aeon and Lavin.

* Mlnle



Of tfe ART or SINKING in POETRV. 195

* jyhile the kind >i\T*pb changing her fattltlefs Jhapt
Bt'Loma unhandlbme, handfoinely tofcapt.

On the Maids of Hohour in mourning,
f Sadly they charm i and difmaKy they pkafe.

His eyesfo bright
J Let in the obi eft and let out the tight.

Tf)c Gods look pale to fee us look fo red.

The || Pairut and their Queen
In mantles blue came tripping o'er the green.

f Ail nature felt a reverential food)

The fea Jiood ftitt to fee the mountains rock.



CHAP. XI.

The Figures continued : Of the Magnifying
and Diminifhing Figures.

A Genuine Writer of the Profund will take
care never to magnify any object without
clouding it at the fame time : His Thought will
appear in a true mu% and very unlike what is in
nature. It muft always be remembered that dark-
ncfs is an efFential quality of the Profund, or, if
there chance to be a glimmering, it muft be as
Milton cxprefles it,

No light) but rather darknefs vifible*

The chief Figure of this fort is,
i. The HYPERBOLE, or Impoflible.

* Waller, f Steel on Queen Mary. J Quarks.
* L-.-c, Alex. || Phil. I all. ff Black. Job,

p. 176.

O a, Fr



, 9 6 MARTINUS SCRIBLERUS

For inftance, of a Lion ;

* He roar'dfo loud, and look'dfo wond'rous grim.
His vcryjiadow durjl not follow him.

Of a Lady at Dinner.
Theftlver whitenefs that adorns thy neck,
Sullies the plate, and makes the napkin bkick.

Of the fame.

77)' f obfcurenefs of her birth
Cannot eclipfe the lujtre of her eyes,
Jf/hich make her all one light.

Of a Bull-baiting.

J Up to thejlars thefpraivling majlivesfy,
And add new mcnftcrs to the frighted fty.

Of a Scene of Mifery.

Behold a Scene of mifrry and woe !

Jff-re Argus foon might weep himfelf quit* blind,
Ev'n tho' he had Briar cus' hundred hands
To wipe thofe hundred eyes.
And that modeft requeft of two abfent lovers :

Ye Goek ! annihilate but Space and Time,
And makf two loners happy.

2. The PERIPHRASIS, which the Moderns call
the Gircumber.dibus, whereof we have given ex-
amples in the ninth chapter, and {hall again in the
twelfth.

To the fame clafs of the Magnifying may be re-
ferred the following, which arc fo excellently mo-
dern, that we have yet no name for them. In
defcribing a country profpedl,

|| Td call them mountains, but cant call themfo,
For fear ;; ivrong them with a name too low ;

f Theob. Double Falfhood.
Ancn. U Anon



Of the ART OF SINKING IN POETRY. 197

ftfji/e the fair vales beneath fo humbly lit ;
Tfwt even humble feems a term too high.

III. The third clafs remains, of the Dhninijh-
ing Figures : And i. the ANTICLIMAX, where
the fecond line drops quite fliort of the firft, than
which nothing creates greater furprize.

On the extent of the Britifh Arms.

* Under the Tropic is our language fpoke,
And part of Flanders hath received our Yoke.

On a Warrior.


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