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name. The three light-houses, re- Cape, and comprehended what are

cently erected in that town, are now called the Mashpee Indians,

called the Nauset Lights. The and then extended upon the Cape

principal seats of the Nauset Indi- to the eastern part of Barnstable,

ans were at Namskeket, within the and as far westward as Wood's

limits of Orleans, and about the Hole; and divers petty sachems or

cove, which divides this township sagamores were comprehended in

from Orleans. Captain John Smith this division, of which Mashpee

mentions twice " the isle Nawset," was one. The eastern part of the

or " Nausit." See Mass. Hist. Cape, from Nobscusset, or Yar-

Coll. viii. 160, xxvi. 108, 119. mouth, made another sachemdom,

^ The water is very shoal at the capital of which was Nauset,

Nauset, or Eastham. See note ' or Eastham. Of these petty tribes

on page 152. the Nauset Indians appear to have

^ "The Indians upon Cape Cod, been the most important." Hutch-

although not considered a part of inson's Mass. i. 459, and Mass. Hist,

the Wamponoags, yet were sup- Coll. viii, 159.

posed to be under some kind of * See page 156.
subjection to Massasoit. There



THE BOY RECOVERED. 217

our winter discovery for habitation. And indeed it chap.

xn.
was no marvel they did so ; for howsoever, through ^ - v-^

snow or otherwise, we saw no houses, yet we were in 1621.

the midst of them.

When our boat was aground, they came very thick;
but we stood therein upon our guard, not suffering any
to enter except two, the one being of Manamoick,^ and
one of those whose corn we had formerly found. We
promised him restitution, and desired him either to
come to Patuxet for satisfaction, or else we would bring
them so much corn again. He promised to come. We
used him very kindly for the present. Some few skins
we gat there, but not many.

After sunset, Aspinet came with a great train, and
brought the boy with him, one bearing him through
the water.- He had not less than a hundred with him ;
the half whereof came to the shallop side unarmed with
him ; the other stood aloof with their bows and arrows.
There he delivered us the boy, behung with beads,
and made peace with us ; ^ we bestowing a knife on
him, and likewise on another that first entertained
the boy and brought him thither. So they departed
from us.

Here we understood that the Narrohiggansets had
spoiled some of Massasoyt's men, and taken him.
This struck some fear in us, because the colony was
so weakly guarded, the strength thereof being abroad.'*

' Chatham, the southern extre- ^ Bradford adds, " We give them

rnity of Cape Cod. full satisfaction for the corn we

^ " He had wandered five days, had formerly found in their coun-

lived on herries, then light of an try." Prince, p. 193. See note '

Indian plantation, twenty miles on page 134.

so'uth of us, called Manomet, (Sand- '' There were ten men in this

wich,) and they conveyed him to expedition. At the same time, ac-

the people who first assaulted us." cording to the dates of this and the

Bradford, in Prince, p. 192. previous paper, Winslow and Hop-

28



218 RETURN TO BARNSTABLE AND HOME.

CHAP. But we set forth with resolution to make the best haste
^^— home we could ; yet the wind being contrary, having
16 21. scarce any fresh water left, and at least sixteen leagues ^
home, we put in again for the shore. There we met
again with lyanough, the sachim of Cummaquid, and
the most of his town, both men, women, and children
with him. He, being still willing to gratify us, took a
runlet,^ and led our men in the dark a great way for
water, but could find none good ; yet brought such as
there was on his neck with them. In the mean time
the women joined hand in hand, singing and dancing
before the shallop, the men also showing all the kind-
ness they could, lyanough himself taking a bracelet
from about his neck and hanging it upon one of us.

Again we set out, but to small purpose ; for we gat
but little homeward. Our water also was very brack-
3d ish, and not to be drunk. The next morning lyanough
^^* espied us again, and ran after us. We, being resolved
to go to Cummaquid again to water, took him into the
shallop, whose entertainment was not inferior unto the
former.

The soil at Nauset and here is alike, even and sandy,
not so good for corn as where we are. Ships may
safely ride in either harbour. In the summer they
abound with fish. Being now watered, we put forth
again, and by God's providence came safely home that
night.

kinswere absent on their expedition ' Tlie distance from Eastham to

to Pokanoket, leaving only seven Plymouth is not more than twelve

men at the Plantation, the whole leagues. F.

number surviving at this time be- * A small barrel,
ing nineteen.



CHAPTER XIII.

A JOURNEY TO THE KINGDOM OF NAMASCHET, IN DEFENCE
OF THE GREAT KING MASSASOYT AGAINST THE NARRO-
HIGGANSETS, AND TO REVENGE THE SUPPOSED DEATH
OF OUR INTERPRETER, TISQUANTUM.



At our return from Nauset we found it true that chap,

XIII

Massasoyt was put from his country by the Narrohig- — -— -
gansets.* Word also was brought unto us that Cou- 162 1.

^ ^ Aug.



batant,^ a petty sachim or governor under Massasoyt,
whom they ever feared to be too conversant with the
Narrohiggansets, was at Namaschet ; who sought to
draw the hearts of Massasoyt's subjects from him ;
speaking also disdainfully of us, storming at the peace
between Nauset, Cummaquid and us, and at Tisquan-
tum, the worker of it ; also at Tokamahamon and one
Hobbamock, two Indians, our allies,^ one of which he
would treacherously have murdered a little before, be-
ing a special and trusty man of Massasoyt's. Toka-
mahamon went to him, but the other two would not ;

' Governor Bradford says no- ^ In the original "or Lemes," to

thing of this, nor of Massasoit's which no meaning can be attached,

being either seized or invaded by It is manifestly an error of the

th^ Narragansetts. Prince, p. 193. press, and I have given what I con-

^ Governor Bradford plainly sider the true reading,
writes him Corbitant. Prince, p.
194.



■*&•



220 THE EXPEDITION REACH NAMASKET.

CHAP, yet put their lives in their hands, privately went to see
— v^^ if they could hear of their king, and lodging at Namas-
1621. chet were discovered to Coubatant, who set a guard to
beset the house, and took Tisquantum; for he had said if
he were dead, the English had lost their tongue. Hob-
bamock, seeing that Tisquantum was taken, and Cou-
batant held a knife at his breast, being a strong and
stout man, brake from them and came to New Ply-
mouth, full of fear and sorrow for Tisquantum, whom
he thought to be slain.
Aug. Upon this news the company assembled together,
and resolved on the morrow to send ten men armed to
Namaschet, and Hobbamock for their guide, to revenge
the supposed death of Tisquantum on Coubatant, our
bitter enemy, and to retain Nepeof,' another sachim or
governor, who was of this confederacy, till we heard
what was become of our friend Massasoyt.
14. On the morrow we set out ten ^ men, armed, who
took their journey as aforesaid ; but the day proved
very wet. When we supposed we were within three
or four miles of Namaschet, we went out of the way,
and stayed there till night ; because we would not be
discovered. There we consulted what to do ; and
thinking best to beset the house at midnight, each was
appointed his task by the Captain,'' all men encourag-
ing one another to the utmost of their power. By
night our guide lost his way, which much discouraged
our men, being we were wet, and weary of our arms.
But one '* of our men, having been before at Namaschet,
brought us into the way again.

' This is the only time the name ish with 14 men." Prince, p. 194.

of this chief occurs in the annals ' Standish.

of the Colony. * Either Winslow or Hopkins,

* Bradford says, " Captain Stand- who stopped at Namasket in going



THEY BESET THE HOUSE AT MIDNIGHT. 221

Before we came to the town, we sat down and ate chap.

XIII

such as our knapsacks afforded. That being done, we - v^-
threw them aside, and all such things as miHit hinder ip^i.

~ . Aug.

us, and so went on and beset the house, according to 14.
our last resolution. Those that entered demanded if
Coubatant were not there ; but fear had bereft the
savages of speech. We charged them not to stir ; for
if Coubatant were not there, we would not meddle
with them. If he were, we came principally for him,
to be avenged on him for the supposed death of Tis-
quantum, and other matters ; but, howsoever, we would
not at all hurt their women or children. Notwith-
standing, some of them pressed out at a private door
and escaped, but with some wounds. At length, per-
ceiving our principal ends, they told us Coubatant
was returned with all his train, and that Tisquantum
was yet living and in the town ; offering some tobacco,
other such as they had to eat. In this hurly-burly we
discharged two pieces at random, which much terrified
all the inhabitants, except Tisquantum and Tokama-
hamon ; who, though they knew not our end in com-
ing, yet assured them of our honesty, that we would
not hurt them. Those boys that were in the house,
seeing our care of women, often cried Neen squaes ! ^
that is to say, I am a woman ; ^ the women also hang-
ing upon Hobbamock, calling him towam, that is,

and returning from Pokanoket, in liams's Key to the native language

July. If it was Winslow, he may of New England, oh. 5; Wood's

reasonably be considered the writer Nomenclator, at the end of his

of this narrative. New England's Prospect; and Gal-

' This is correct Indian in the latin's Indian Vocabularies, in Coll.

Massachusetts and Narragansett Am. Antiq. Soc. ii. 308, 352.
dialects. See Eliot's Indian Gram- ^ Ptather, I am a girl ; sguaes being

raSr, in Mass. Hist. Coll. xix. 253 ; a diminutive, formed by adding es

Cotton's Vocabulary of the Massa- to squa. See the Apostle Eliot's

chusetts language, in Mass. Hist. Indian Grammar, in Mass. Hist.

Coll. xxii. 156, 178; Roger Wil- Coll. xix. 258.



222 COUBATANT AND HIS PARTY ESCAPE.

CHAP, friend.^ But, to be short, we kept them we had, and

XIII

— ^^ made them make a fire, that we might see to search
1621. the house. In the mean tune, Hobbamock gat on the
top of the house, and called Tisquantum and Tokama-
hamon, which came unto us accompanied with others,
some armed, and others naked. Those that had bows
and arrows, we took them away, promising them again
when it was day. The house we took, for our better
safeguard, but released those we had taken, manifest-
ing whom we came for and wherefore.
^^S- On the next mornino;, we marched into the midst of

15. ^

the town, and went to the house of Tisquantum to
breakfast. Thither came all whose hearts were up-
right towards us ; but all Coubatant's faction were fled
away. There, in the midst of them, we manifested
again our intendment, assuring them, that although
Coubatant had now escaped us, yet there was no place
should secure him and his from us, if he continued his
threatening us, and provoking others against us, who
had kindly entertained him, and never intended evil
towards him till he now so Justly deserved it. More-
over, if Massasoyt did not return in safety from Narro-
higganset, or if hereafter he should make any insurrec-
tion against him, or offer violence to Tisquantum,
Hobbamock, or any of Massasoyt's subjects, we would
revenge it upon him, to the overthrow of him and his.
As for those [who] were wounded, we were sorry for
it, though themselves procured it in not staying in the
house, at our command ; yet if they would return home
^ with us, our surgeon ^ should heal them.

' The most common word for tor; Roger Williams's Key, ch. 1;

friend, in the Massachusetts and and Gallatin, in Coll. Am. Autiq.

Narragansett dialects, was netop or Soc. ii. 321.

netomp. See Cotton, in Mass. Hist. ^ Their surgeon and physician

Coll. xxii. 165; Wood's Nomeacla- was Mr. Samuel Fuller, the eighth



THE EXPEDITION RETURN TO PLYMOUTH.



At this offer, one man and a woman that were chap.
wounded went home with us ; Tisquantum and many — ^—
other known friends accompanying us, and offering all 1621.
help that might be by carriage of any thing we had, to 15!
ease us. So that by God's good providence we safely
returned home the morrow night after we set forth.



signer of the Compact. In 1629,
when the scurvy and a malignant
distemper broke out among the first
settlers at Salem, "Mr. Endicot
understanding that there was one
at Plymouth that had skill in such
diseases, sent thither for him ; at
whose request he was sent unto
them." He died in 1633, of an in-
fectious fever. In the MS. Records
of Plymouth Church, vol. i. p. 42, it
is slated that "when the church
came away out of Holland, they
brought with them one deacon,
Mr. Samuel Fuller, who officiated
amongst them until his death. He
was a good man, and full of the



holy spirit." Morton says, that
"he did much good in his place,
being not only useful in his faculty,
but otherwise, as he was a godly
man, and served Christ in the office
of a deacon in the church for many
years, and forward to do good in
his place, and was much missed
after God removed him out of this
world." His widow, Bridget, and
his son Samuel gave to the Ply-
mouth church the lot of ground on
which the parsonage now stands.
See Morton's Memorial, pp. 143
and 173 ; Mass. Hist. Coll. iii. 66,
74—76, and xiii. 186.



CHAPTER XIV.



A RELATION OF OUR VOYAGE TO THE MASSACHUSETS,'
AND WHAT HAPPENED THERE.



CHAP. It seemed good to the company in general, that

^-^-^^ though the Massachusets had often threatened us, (as

16 21. ^yg -yvere informed,) yet we should go amongst them,

partly to see the country, partly to make peace with

them, and partly to procure their truck. For these

ends the governors chose ten men, fit for the purpose,

and sent Tisquantum and two other salvages to bring

us to speech with the people and interpret for us.

Sept. We set out about midnight, the tide then serving for

18. . . . .

us. We supposing it to be nearer than it is, thought
to be there the next morning betimes ; but it proved
well near twenty leagues^ from New Plymouth. We



^ The territory and tribe probably was called so from the Blue Hills,

took their name from the Blue a little island thereabout (in Nar-

Hills in Milton, which were origin- raganset Bay); and Cononicus's

ally called Massachusetts Mount, father and ancestors living in those

Smith speaks of them as " the high southern pans, transferred and

mountain of Massachusit." Cot- brought their authority and name

ton, in his Vocabulary of the Mas- into those northern parts." See

sachusetts language, gives the fol- Mass. Hist. Coll. xix. 1. xxvi. 120;

lowing definition :" Massa-chusett R. I. Hist. Coll. iv. 208; and

— a hill in the form of an arrow's Hutchinson's Mass. i. 460.

head." Roger Williams says, "I " The distance from Plymouth to

had learnt that the Massachusetts Boston by water is about 40 miles.



THE FIRST LANDING IN BOSTON. 225

came into the bottom of the bay ; ^ but behig late, we chap.
anchored and lay in the shallop, not having seen any — v^-
of the people. The next morning we put in for the ^i^^^-
shore. There we found many lobsters, that had been 20.
gathered together by the salvages, which we made
ready under a clifT.^ The Captain ^ set two sentinels
behind the cliff, to the landward, to secure the shal-
lop, and taking a guide with him and four of our com-
pany, went to seek the inhabitants ; where they met a
woman coming for her lobsters. They told her of
them, and contented her for them. She told them
where the people were. Tisquantum went to them ;
the rest returned, having direction which way to bring
the shallop to them.

The sachim or governor of this place is called Obba-
tinewat ; and though he lives in the bottom of the
Massachuset Bay,^ yet he is under Massasoyt. He
used us very kindly. He told us he durst not then
remain in any settled place for fear of the Tarentines.^
Also the squa sachim,*^ or Massachusets queen, was an
enemy to him.

' By the bay is meant Boston ton. Thus Gov. Winthrop speaks

harbour. It extends from Nantas- of going from vSalem to Massachu-

ket to Boston, and spreads Irom setts. See Savage's Winthrop, i. 27.

Chelsea to Hingham, containing ^ The Tarrateens orTarrenteens

about 75 square miles. See vSuow's resided on the Kennebec and the

Boston, p. 113. other rivers in Maine, and the

' Supposed to be Copp's hill, at country east of it. There was
the north end of Boston. At the great enmity between them and the
first settlement of the town, in Indians of Massachusetts Bay, who
1630, this hill, rising to the height although they had formerly been a
of about fifty feet above the sea, great people, yet were now so re-
presented on its northwest brow an duced that, upon alarms, they
abrupt declivity, long after known would fly to the English houses as
as Copp's hill steeps. See Snow's to asylums, where the Tarrenteens
History of Boston, p. 105. durst not pursue them. Hutchin-

3'Slandish. son's Mass. i. 28, 456.

^ By Massachusetts Bay was ^ I suppose the widow of Nane-

formerly understood only the inner pashemel, mentioned subsequently,
bay, from Nahant to Point Alder-

29



226



THE PILGRIMS IN DORCHESTER.



Sept.
21.



CHAP. We told him of divers sachims that had acknovvlede;ed

XIV'

-^v^- themselves to he King James's men,' and if he also
l62i.^vould submit himself, we would be his safeguard from
his enemies ; which he did, and went along with us to
bring us to the squa sachim. Again we crossed the
bay, which is very large, and hath at least fifty islands
in it ; ^ but the certain number is not known to the
inhabitants. Niglit it was before we came to that side
of the bay where this people were. On shore the
salvages WTnt, but found nobody. That night also we
rid at anchor aboard the shallop.

On the morrow we went ashore,^ all but two men,
and marched in arms up in the country. Having gone
three miles we came to a place w^here corn had been
newly gathered, a house pulled down, and the people
gone. A mile from hence, Nanepashemet, their king,
in his life-time had lived. His house was not like
others, but a scaffold w-as largely built, with poles and
planks, some six foot from [the] ground, and the house
upon that, being situated on the top of a hill.^



' Of course he could not be, as
Prince supposes, the Obbatinnua
who, with eight other sacheins, on
the 13th of the same month, seven
days before, had signed a paper,
professing their submission to King
James; unless his name was affix-
ed subsequently to that date. See
Morton's Memorial, p. 67, and
Prince's Annals, p. 196.

^ The number of islands in Bos-
ton harbour is not overstated, al-
though several of them, such as
Bird Island and Nick's Mate, have
been washed away since this Jour-
nal was written. A list of them is
contained in Snow's Boston, p. 114.
Smith, in his Description of New
England, says, " The country of
the Massachusets is the paradise
of all those parts ; for here are



many isles all planted with corn,
groves, mulberries, and salvage
gardens." See Mass. Hist. Coll,
iii. 295, and xxvi. 118.

^ They probably landed at Squan-
tum, in Dorchester, which may
have been so called by them at this
time after their interpreter Tis-
quantum, who was one of the
party. See note on page 191, and
Mass. Hist. Coll. ix. 164.

■* Perhaps Milton Hill, or some
one of the Blue Hills. " At Mas-
sachusetts, near the mouth of
Charles river, there used to be a
general rendezvous of Indians.
That circle, which now makes the
harbours of Boston and Charles-
town, round by Maiden, Chelsea,
Nantasket, Hingham, Weymouth,
Braintree, and Dorchester, was the



THE PILGRIMS IN MILTON. 227

Not far from hence, in a bottom, we came to a fort, chap.

XIV.

built by their deceased king; the manner thus. There — — ^
were poles, some thirty or forty feet long, stuck in the 1621.
ground as thick as they could be set one by another ; 21.
and with these they enclosed a ring some forty or fifty
foot over ; ^ a trench, breast high, was digged on each
side ; one way there was to go into it with a bridge.
In the midst of this palisado stood the frame of a house,
wherein, being dead, he lay buried.^

About a mile from hence we came to such another,
but seated on the top of a hill. Here Nanepashemet
was killed,^ none dwelling in it since the time of his
death. At this place we stayed, and sent two salvages
to look [for] the inhabitants, and to inform them of our
ends in coming, that they might not be fearful of us.
Within a mile of this place they found the women of
the place together, with their corn on heaps, whither we
supposed them to be fled for fear of us ; and the more,
because in divers places they had newly pulled down
their houses, and for haste in one place had left some
of their corn covered with a mat, and nobody with it.

With much fear they entertained us at first ; but
seeing our gentle carriage towards them, they took
heart and entertained us in the best manner they could,

capital of a great sachem, much Mass. i. 460. See also Gookin, in

reverenced by all the plantations of Mass. Hist. Coll. i. 148.

Indians round about, and to him ' This corresponds exactly with

belonged Naponset, (Milton,) Pun- the engraving of the Pequot Fort

kapog, (Stoughton,) Wessagusset, in Underbill's Newes from Ameri-

(Weymouth,)and several places on ca, printed in London in 1638, and

Charles river, where the natives reprinted in Mass. Hist. Coll. xxvi.

were seated. The tradition is, that 23.

this sachem had his principal seat ^ See page 154.

upon a small hill or rising upland, ^ Nanepashemet is supposed to

in fhe midst of a body of salt marsh have been killed in 1619, and his

in the township of Dorchester, [per- widow, the squa sachim, continued

haps Savin Hill] near to a place in the government. See Lewis's

called Squantum." Hutchinson's Hist, of Lynn, p. 16.



228 THEY DISCOVER MYSTIC RIVER.



CHAP, boiling cod and such other things as they had for us.

— — At length, with much sending for, came one of their

162 1. men, shaking and trembling for fear. But when he

21. saw we intended them no hurt, but came to truck, he

promised us his skins also. Of him we inquired for

their queen ; but it seemed she was far from thence ; '

at least we could not see her.

Here Tisquantum would have had us rifle the sal-
vage women, and taken their skins and all such things
as might be serviceable for us ; for, said he, they are a
bad people, and have oft threatened you. But our
answer was, Were they never so bad, we would not
wrong them, or give them any just occasion against us.
For their words, we little weighed them ; but if they
once attempted any thing against us, then we would
deal far worse than he desired.

Having well spent the day, we returned to the shal-
lop, almost all the women accompanying us to truck,
who sold their coats from their backs, and tied boughs
about them, but with great shamefacedness, for indeed
they are more modest than some of our English women
are. We promised them to come again to them, and
they us to keep their skins.

Within this bay the salvages say there are two riv-
ers ; ~ the one whereof we saw, having a fair entrance,
but we had no time to discover it. Better harbours
for shipping cannot be than here are. At the entrance
of the bay are many rocks ; ^ and in all likelihood good

' The residence of the squa sa- Shattuck's Hist, of Concord, p. 2,

chim of Massachusetts is variously and Drake's Book of the Indians, b.

conjectured to have been at Con- ii. p. 40.

cord, and in the neighbourhood of " The Mystic and the Charles,

the Wachuselt mountain. There the former of which they saw.

seems, however, no sufficient rea- ^ The Graves and the Brewsters

son for placing it so remote. See are the principal rocks at the en-



THEY RETURN TO PLYMOUTH.



229



fishing-ground.' Many, yea most of the islands have chap.
been inhaliited, some being cleared from end to end. ^^ - ^
But the people are all dead," or removed. I62i.

Our victual growing scarce, the wind coming fair,
and having a light moon, we set out at evening, and
through the goodness of God came safely home before Sept.
noon the day following.^



trance of Boston bay. It is sup-
posed that in this or some subse-
quent voyage the three Brewsters
were named in honor of their ven-
erable elder, and Point Alderton,



Online LibraryAlexander YoungChronicles of the Pilgrim fathers of the colony of Plymouth, from 1602-1625 → online text (page 21 of 44)