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Chronicles of the Pilgrim fathers of the colony of Plymouth, from 1602-1625 online

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cially for that thereby they would see us dismayed,
and be encouraged to prosecute their malicious pur-
poses with more eagerness than ever they intended.
Whereas, on the contrary, by the blessing of God, our
fearless carriage might be a means to discourage and
weaken their proceedings. And therefore thought best
to proceed in our trading voyage, making this use of
that we heard, to go the better provided, and use the
more carefulness both at home and abroad, leaving the
event to the disposing of the Almighty ; whose provi-
dence, as it had hitherto been over us for good, so we
had now no cause (save our sins) to despair of his
mercy in our preservation and continuance, where we
desired rather to be instruments of good to the heathens
about us than to give them the least measure of just

All things being now in readiness, the forenamed



Captain, with ten men, accompanied with Tisquantum chap.
and Hobbamock, set forwards for the Massachusets. ^v^
But we^ had no sooner turned the point of the harbour, 162 2.


called the Gurnet's Nose,^ (where, being becalmed, we
let fall our grapnel to set things to right and prepare
to row,) but there came an Indian of Tisquantum's
family running to certain of our people that were from
home with all eagerness, having his face wounded,
and the blood still fresh on the same, calling to them
to repair home, oft looking behind him, as if some others
had him in chase ; saying that at Namaschet^ (a town
some fifteen miles from us,) there were many of the
Nanohiggansets, Massassowat,^ our supposed friend,
and Conbatant,^ our feared enemy, with many others,
with a resolution to take advantage on the present
opportunity to assault the town in the Captain's ab-
sence ; affirming that he received the wound in his
face for speaking in our behalf, and by sleight escaped ;
looking oft backward, as if he suspected them to be at
hand. This he affirmed again to the Governor ; where-

' This indicates that the writer several places on the coast of Eng-

himself, Winslow, was one of the land ; in the Channel we believe

party. there are at least two." Connected

* So early was the name of Gur- Avith the Gurnet by a narrow neck,

net cfiven to this remarkable fea- and contiguous to Clark's island, is

ture of Plymouth harbour. It is a another head-land, called Saquish,
peninsula or promontory, connect- containing twelve or fourteen acres.
ed with Marshfield by a beach See note ^ on page 164, Mass. Hist,
about seven miles long, called Salt- Coll. xiii. 182, and Thacher's Ply-
house beach. It contains about mouth, p. 330.
twenty-seven acres of excellent ^ See note ■* on page 204.
soil. On its southern extremity, * The sachem of the Wampa-
or nose, are two light-houses. It noags. See note ^ on page 191.
probably received its name from It will be observed that Winslow
some headland known to the Pil- spells many of the Indian words
grims in the mother country. The diffeiently from Bradford in the
late Samuel Davis, of Plymouth, preceding Journal,
/he accurate topographer, and faith- '" The same as Coubatant or Cor-
ful chronicler of the Old Colony, bitant. See note '^ on page 219.
says, "Gurnet is the name of


CHAP, upon he e;ave command that three pieces of ordnance

-^ should be made ready and discharged, to the end that

1622. if ^ve were not out of hearing, we might return there-
at ; which we no sooner heard, but we repaired home-
ward with all convenient speed, arming ourselves, and
making all in readiness to fight. When we entered
the harbour, we saw the town likewise on their guard,
whither we hasted with all convenient speed. The
news being made known unto us, Hobbamock said
flatly that it was false, assuring us of Massassowat's
faithfulness. Howsoever, he presumed he would never
have undertaken any such act without his privity, him-
self being a pinse,^ that is, one of his chiefest champions
or men of valor ; it being the manner amongst them
not to undertake such enterprises without the advice
and furtherance of men of that rank. To this the
Governor answered, he should be sorry that any just
and necessary occasions of war should arise between
him and any [of] the savages, but especially Massasso-
wat ; not that he feared him more than the rest, but
because his love more exceeded towards him than any.
Whereunto Hobbamock replied, there was no cause
wherefore he should distrust him, and therefore should
do well to continue his affections.

But to the end things might be made more manifest,
the Governor caused Hobbamock to send his wife with
all privacy to Puckanokick, the chief place of Massas-
sowat's residence, (pretending other occasions,) there
to inform herself, and so us, of the right state of things.
When she came thither, and saw all things quiet, and
that no such matter was or had been intended, [she]
told Massassowat what had happened at Plymouth, (by

' What is now called a brave.


them called Patuxet ;') which when he understood, he chap.


was much offended at the carriage of Tisquantum, — -^^
returning many thanks to the Governor for his good i 6 22.
thoughts of him, and assuring him that, according to
their first Articles of Peace,' he would send word and
give warning when any such business was towards.

Thus by degrees we began to discover Tisquantum,
whose ends were only to make himself great in the
eyes of his countrymen, by means of his nearness and
favor with us; not caring who fell, so he stood. In the
general, his course was to persuade them he could lead
us to peace or war at his pleasure, and would oft threat-
en the Indians, sending them word in a private man-
ner we were intended shortly to kill them, that thereby
he might get gifts to himself, to work their peace ; in-
somuch as they had him in greater esteem than many
of their sachims ; yea, they themselves sought to him,
who promised them peace in respect of us, yea, and
protection also, so as they would resort to him ; so that
whereas divers were wont to rely on Massassowat for
protection, and resort to his abode, now they began to
leave him and seek after Tisquantum. Now, though
he could not make good these his large promises,
especially because of the continued peace between
Massassowat and us, he therefore raised this false
alarm ; hoping, whilst things were hot in the heat of
blood, to provoke us to march into his country against
him, whereby he hoped to kindle such a flame as
would not easily be quenched; and hoping if that
block were once removed, there were no other between
)iim and honor, which he loved as his life, and pre-

' See page 1S3, and note on page - See the Articles on page 193.




CHAP, fened before his peace. For these and the like abuses
^— — the Governor sharply reproved him ; jet was he so
1622. necessary and profitable an instrument, as at that time
we could not miss him. But when we understood his
dealings, we certified all the Indians of our ignorance
and innocency therein ; assuring them, till they begun
with us, they should have no cause to fear ; and if any
hereafter should raise any such reports, they should
punish them as liars and seekers of tlieir and our dis-
turbance ; which gave the Indians good satisfaction on
all sides.

After this we proceeded in our voyage to the Mas-
sachusets; where we had good store of trade,* and
(blessed be God) returned in safety, though driven
from before our town in great danger and extremity of

At our return we found Massassowat at the Planta-
tion ; who made his seeming just apology for all former
matters of accusation, being much offended and en-
raged against Tisquantum : whom the Governor paci-
fied as much as he could for the present. But not long
after his departure, he sent a messenger to the Gov-
ernor, entreating him to give way to the death of Tis-
quantum, who had so much abused him. But the
Governor answered, although he had deserved to die,
both in respect of him and us, yet for our sakes he
desired he would spare him ; and the rather, because
without him he knew not well how to understand him-
self or any other the Indians. With this answer the
messenger returned, but came again not long after,
accompanied with divers others, demanding him from ^

, ' We should like to have known ^ On the part of.

more about this second voyage to
Boston harbour. See page 224.


Massassowat, their master, as being one of his subjects, chap


whom, by our first Articles of Peace, we could not
retain. Yet because he would not willingly do it with- 1622.
out the Governor's approbation, offered him many bea-
vers' skins for his consent thereto, saying that, according
to their manner, their sachim had sent his own knife,
and them therewith, to cut off his head and hands, and
bring them to him. To which the Governor answered.
It was not the manner of the English to sell men's
lives at a price, but when they had deserved justly to
die, to give them their reward ; and therefore refused
their beavers as a gift ; but sent for Tisquantum, who,
though he knew their intent, yet offered not to fly, but
came and accused Hobbamock as the author and work-
er of his overthrow, yielding himself to the Governor to
be sent or not according as he thought meet. But at
the instant when our Governor was ready to deliver
him into the hands of his executioners, a boat was
seen at sea to cross before our town, and fall behind a
headland ^ not far off. Whereupon, having heard
many rumors of the French, and not knowing whether
there were any combination between the savages and
them, the Governor told the Indians he would first
know what boat that was ere he would deliver them
into their custody. But being mad with rage, and
impatient at delay, they departed in great heat.

Here let me not omit one notable, though wicked
practice of this Tisquantum ; who, to the end he might
possess his countrymen with the greater fear of us, and
so consequently of himself, told them we had the plague

* This headland is Hither Man- mark in Barnstable bay, being

omet Point, forming the southern visible from all points of its circling

boundary of Plymouth bay. Man- shore, from Sandwich to Province-

omet is the most prominent land- town. See note ' on page 148. .


CHAP, buried in our store-house ; which, at our pleasure, we


could send forth to what place or people we would,
16 22. and destroy them therewith, though we stirred not
from home. Being, upon the forenamed brabbles,^
sent for by the Governor to this place, where Hobba-
mock was and some other of us, the ground being
broke in the midst of the house, whereunder certain
barrels of powder were buried, though unknown to
him, Hobbamock asked him what it meant. To whom
he readily answered, That was the place wherein the
plague was buried, whereof he formerly told him and
others. After this Hobbamock asked one of our peo-
ple, whether such a thing were, and whether we had
such command of it. Who answered. No ; but the
God of the English had it in store, and could send it
at his pleasure to the destruction of his and our ene-

This was, as I take it, about the end of May, 1622;
at which time our store of victuals was wholly spent,
having lived long before with a bare and short allow-
ance. The reason was, that supply of men, before
mentioned,^ which came so unprovided, not landing so
much as a barrel of bread or meal for their whole com-
pany, but contrariwise received from us for their ship's
store homeward. Neither were the setters forth thereof
altogether to be blamed therein, but rather certain
amongst ourselves, who were too prodigal in their
writing and reporting of that plenty we enjoyed.^ But
that I may return.

This boat proved to be a shallop, that belonged to a

' Brabbles, clamors. ^ Winslow himself had sent

" The passengers in the Fortune, home too flattering an account of
See page 234. their condition. See page 232.


fishins: ship, called the Sparrow, set forth by Master chap.
Thomas Weston, late merchant and citizen of London, — ^
which brought six or seven passengers at his charge, 16 22.
that should before have been landed at our Plantation;'
who also brought no more provision for the present
than served the boat's gang for their return to the ship;
which made her voyage at a place called Damarin's
Cove,^ near Munhiggen, some forty leagues from us
northeastward ; about which place there fished about
thirty sail of ships, and whither myself was employed
by our Governor, with orders to take up such victuals
as the ships could spare ; where I found kind enter-
tainment and good respect, with a willingness to sup-
ply our wants. But being not able to spare that
quantity I required, by reason of the necessity of some
amongst themselves, whom they supplied before my
coming, would not take any bills for the same, but did
what they could freely, wishing their store had been
such as they might in greater measure have expressed
their own love, and supplied our necessities, for which
they sorrowed, provoking one another to the utmost of

' " She brings a letter to Mr. he can, but writes to others to do

Carver from Mr. Weston, of Jan. the like ; by which means he gets

17. By his letter we find he has as much bread as amounts to a

quite deserted us, and is go'ms; to "quarter of a pound a person per

settle a plantation of his own. The day till harvest; the Governor

boat brings us a kind letter from causing their portion to be daily

Mr. John Huddleston, a captain of given them, or some had starved.

a ship fishing at the eastw^ard. And by this voyage we not only

whose name we never heard be- got a present supply, but also learn

fore, to inform us of a massacre of the way to those parts for our fu-

400 English by the Indians in Vir- ture benefit." Bradford, in Prince,

ginia, whence he came. By this p. 202. Huddleston's letter, (or

boat the Governor returns a grate- Hudston's, as Morton calls him,)

ful answer, and with them sends may be found in New England's

Mr. Winslow in a boat of ours to Memorial, p. SO. See note ^ on

get provisions of the fishing ships ; page 278.

whom Captain Huddleston receives ^ See note ^ on page 278.
kindly, and not only spares what


CHAP, their abilities ; which, although it were not much


amongst so many people as were at the Plantation, yet
16 22. through the provident and discreet care of the govern-
ors, recovered and preserved strength till our own crop
on the ground was ready.

Having dispatched there, I returned home with all
speed convenient, where I found the state of the Col-
ony much weaker than when I left it ; for till now we
were never without some bread, the want whereof
much abated the strength and flesh of some, and
swelled others. But here it may be said, if the coun-
try abound with fish and fowl in such measure as is
reported, how could men undergo such measure of
hardness, except through their own negligence ? I
answer, every thing must be expected in its proper
season. No man, as one saith, will go into an orchard
iri the winter to gather cherries ; so he that looks for
fowl there in the summer, will be deceived in his ex-
pectation. The time they continue in plenty with us,
is from the beginning of October to the end of March ;
but these extremities befell us in May and June. I
confess, that as the fowl decrease, so fish increase. And
indeed their exceeding abundance was a great cause of
increasing our wants. For though our bay and creeks
were full of bass and other fish, yet for want of fit and
strong seines and other netting, they for the most part
brake through, and carried all away before them.' And
though the sea were full of cod, yet we had neither
tackling nor hawsers for our shallops. And indeed had
we not been in a place, where divers sort of shell-fish
are, that may be taken with the hand, we must have

* See note ^ on page 171.


perished, unless God had raised some unknown or chap.
extraordinary means for our preservation. -^.-^

In the time of these straits, indeed before my going 16 22.
to Munhiggen, the Indians began again to cast forth
many insulting speeches, glorying in our weakness,
and giving out how easy it would be ere long to cut
us off. Now also Massassowat seemed to frown on
us, and neither came or sent to us as formerly. These
things occasioned further thoughts of fortification. And
whereas we have a hill called the Mount,^ enclosed
within our pale, under which our town is seated, we
resolved to erect a fort thereon ; from whence a few
might easily secure the town from any assault the In-
dians can make, whilst the rest might be employed as
occasion served. This work was begun with great
eagerness, and with the approbation of all men, hoping
that this being once finished, and a continual guard
there kept, it would utterly discourage the savages
from having any hopes or thoughts of rising against us.
And though it took the greatest part of our strength
from dressing our corn, yet, life being continued, we
hoped God would raise some means in stead thereof
for our further preservation.

^ The burying-hill. See page .in Plymouth. After the fort was

170. The intelligence of the mas- used as a place of worship, it is

sacre in Virginia reached Plymouth probable they began to bury their

in May, and was the immediate dead around it. Before that time

incitement to the erection of this the burial place was on the bank,

fort. See page 250. above the rock on which the land-

" Some traces of the fort are still ing was made." Judge Davis's

visible on the eminence called the note in Morton's Memorial, p. 82.

burying-hill, directly above the See note ^ on page 168, and page

meeting-house of the first church 169 previous.



CHAP. In the end of June, or beginnhip- of July, came into


- — — our harbour two ships of Master Weston's aforesaid ;

1622. the one called the Charity,' the other the Swan ; hav-
ing in them some fifty or sixty men, sent over at his
own charge to plant for him.^ These we received into
our town, aflbrding them whatsoever courtesy our mean
condition could afford. There the Charity, being the
bigger ship, left them, having many passengers which
she was to land in Virginia. In the mean time the
body of them refreshed themselves at Plymouth, whilst
some most fit sought out a place for them. That little

' " By Mr. Weston's ship comes will hardly deal so well with the

a letter from Mr. John Pierce, in savages as they should. I pray

whose name the Plymouth patent you therefore signify to Squanto

is taken, signifying that whom the that they are a distinct body from

governor admits into the associa- us, and we have nothing to do with

tion, he will approve." Bradford, them, nor must be blamed for their

in Prince, p. 204. faults, much less can warrant their

^ They came upon no religious fidelity." And Mr. John Pierce in

design, as did the planters of Ply- another writes, " As for Mr. Wes-

mouth ; so they were far from be- ton's company, they are so base in

ing Puritans. Mr. Weston in a condition for the most part, as in

letter owns that many of them are all appearance not fit for an honest

rude and profane fellows. Mr. man's company. I wish they

Cushman in another writes, " They prove otherwise." Bradford, in

are no men for us, and I fear they Prince, p. 203.


Store of corn we had was exceedingly wasted by the chap.
unjust and dishonest walking of these strangers ; who, — v—
though they would sometimes seem to help us in our 1622.
labor about our corn, yet spared not day and night to " ^"
steal the same, it being then eatable and pleasant to
taste, though green and unprofitable. And though they
received much kindness, set light both by it and us,
not sparing to requite the love we showed them, with
secret backbitings, revilings, &c., the chief of them
being forestalled and made against us before they
came, as after appeared. Nevertheless, for their mas-
ter's sake, who formerly had deserved well from us,^
we continued to do them whatsoever good or further-
ance we could, attributing these things to the want of
conscience and discretion, expecting each day when
God in his providence would disburden us of them,
sorrowing that their overseers were not of more ability
and fitness for their places, and much fearing what
would be the issue of such raw and unconscionable

At length their coasters returned, having found in
their judgment a place fit for plantation, within the
bay of the Massachusets^ at a place called by the Indi-
ans Wichaguscusset.^ To which place the body of
them went with all convenient speed, leaving still with
us such as were sick and lame, by the Governor's per-
mission, though on their parts undeserved ; whom our
surgeon,^ by the help of God, recovered gratis for them,
and they fetched home, as occasion served.

They had not been long from us, ere the Indians

' See note ' on page 78, ' Or Wessagusset, now called

* Boston harbour. See notes ' Weymouth,

and * on page 225. * Dr. Fuller. See note * on p. 222.



CHAP, filled our ears with clamors against them, for stealing
— v^- their corn, and other abuses conceived bj them. At
1622. which we grieved the more, because the same men,' in
mine own hearing, had been earnest in persuading
Captain Standish, before their coming, to solicit our
Governor to send some of his men to plant by them,
alleging many reasons how it might be commodious for
us. But we knew no means to redress those abuses,
save reproof, and advising them to better walking, as
occasion served.
Aug. In the end of August, came other two ships into our
harbour. The one, as I take it, was called the Disco-
very, Captain Jones ^ having the command thereof;
the other was that ship of Mr. Weston's, called the
Sparrow, which had now made her voyage of fish, and
was consorted with the other, being both bound for
Virginia.^ Of Captain Jones we furnished ourseh^es
of such provisions as we most needed, and he could
best spare ; who, as he used us kindly, so made us pay
largely for the things we had. And had not the Al-
mighty, in his all-ordering providence, directed him to
us, it would have gone worse with us than ever it had
been, or after was ; for as we had now but small store
of corn for the year following, so, for want of supply,
we were worn out of all manner of trucking-stuff, not
having any means left to help ourselves by trade ; but,
through God's good mercy towards us, he had where-

' That is, the same Indians. bound for Virginia ; " and Brad-

' This is supposed to be the ford states that " she was on her

same Jones who was captain of way from Virginia homeward, be-

the Mayflower. See note ' on ing sent out by some merchants to

page 102, and note * on page 166. discover the shoals about Cape Cod,

' Prince says, p. 205, that " Mr. and harbours between this and

Winslow seems to mistake in Virginia."
thinking Captain Jones was now


with, and did supply our wants on that kind compe- chap. '
tently.i . J^

In the end of September, or beginning of Octo-i622.
ber, Mr. Weston's biggest ship, called the Charity, re-
turned for England, and left their colony sufficiently
victualled, as some of most credit amongst them re-
ported. The lesser, called the Swan, remained with
his colony, for their further help. At which time they
desired to join in partnership with us, to trade for corn ;
to which om- Governor and his Assistant^ agreed, upon
such equal conditions, as were drawn and confirmed
between them and us. The chief places aimed at
were to the southward of Cape Cod ; and the more,
because Tisquantum, whose peace before this time
was wrought with Massassowat, undertook to discover
unto us that supposed, and still hoped, passage within
the shoals.

Both colonies being thus agreed, and their compa-
nies fitted and joined together, we resolved to set
forward, but were oft crossed in our purposes. As
first Master Richard Greene, brother-in-law to Master
Weston, who from him had a charge in the oversight

Online LibraryAlexander YoungChronicles of the Pilgrim fathers of the colony of Plymouth, from 1602-1625 → online text (page 26 of 44)