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and government of his colony, died suddenly at our
Plantation, to whom we gave burial befitting his place,
in the best manner we could. Afterward, having fur-
ther order to proceed by letter from their other Gover-
nor at the Massachusets, twice Captain Standish set
forth with them, but were driven in again by cross
and violent winds ; himself the second time being sick

' " Of her we buy knives and we are fitted to trade both for corn

beads, which are now good trade, and beaver." Bradford, in Prince,

tJiongh at cent, per cent, or more, p. 205, and in Morton's Memorial,

and yet pay away coat beaver at p. 83.
3s. a pound, (which a few years ^ Isaac Allerton.
after yields 205.); by which means



300 BRADFORD ENTERS CHATHAM HARBOUR.

CHAP, of a violent fever. By reason whereof (our own wants

XIX

-^-^ being like to be now greater than formerly, partly be-
1622. cause we were enforced to neglect our corn and spend
much time in fortification, but especially because such
havock was made of that little we had, through the un-
just and dishonest carriage of those people before men-
tioned, at our first entertainment of them,) our Governor
in his own person supplied the Captain's place ; and,
Nov. in the month of November, again set forth, having Tis-
quantum for his interpreter and pilot; who affirmed he
had twice passed within the shoals of Cape Cod, both
with English and French. Nevertheless they went so
far with him, as the master of the ship saw no hope of
passage ; but being, as he thought, in danger, bare up,
and according to Tisquantum's directions, made for a
harbour not far from them, at a place called Mana-
moycke ;' which they found, and sounding it with their
shallop, found the channel, though but narrow and
crooked ; where at length they harboured the ship.
Here they perceived that the tide set in and out with
more violence at some other place more southerly,^
which they had not seen nor could discover, by reason
of the violence of the season all the time of their abode
there. Some judged the entrance thereof might be
beyond the shoals ; but there is no certainty thereof
as yet known.

That night the Governor, accompanied with others,
^ having Tisquantum for his interpreter, went ashore.
At first the inhabitants played least in sight, because
none of our people had ever been there before ; but
understanding the ends of their coming, at length came
to them, welcoming our Governor according to their

' Chatham. * See note ' on page 103.



DEATH OF TISQUANTUM. 301

savage manner ; refreshing them very well vv^ith store chap



XIX.



of venison and other victuals, which they brought them
in great abundance; promising to trade with them, 16 22.
with a seeming gladness of the occasion. Yet their
joy was mixed with much jealousy, as appeared by
their after practices ; for at first they were loth their
dwellings should be known ; but when they saw our
Governor's resolution to stay on the shore all night,
they brought him to their houses, having first conveyed
all their stuff to a remote place, not far from the same ;
which one of our men, walking forth occasionally,
espied. Whereupon, on the sudden, neither it nor
they could be found ; and so many times after, upon
conceived occasions, they would be all gone, bag and
baggage. But being afterwards, by Tisquantum's
means better persuaded, they left their jealousy, and
traded with them ; where they got eight hogsheads
of corn and beans, though the people were but few.
This gave our Governor and the company good en-
couragement ; Tisquantum being still confident in the
passage, and the inhabitants affirming they had seen
ships of good burthen pass within the shoals aforesaid.
But here, though they had determined to make a
second essay, yet God had otherways disposed ; who
struck Tisquantum with sickness, insomuch as he there
died ;* which crossed their southward trading, and the

' His disorder was a fever, ac- Prince, p. 206, and in Morton, p. S5.

companied with "a bleeding at the Judge Davis adds in his note, that

nose, which the Indians reclion a "Governor Bradford's pen was

fatal symptom." Before his death worthily employed in the tender

" he desired the Governor (Brad- notice taken of the death of this

ford) to pray that he might go to child of nature. Witii some aber-

' the Englishman's God in heaven, rations, his conduct was generally

bequeathing divers of his things to irreproachable, and his useful ser-

sundry of his English friends, as vices to the infant settlement entitle

remembrances of his love ; of whom him to grateful remembrance."
we had great loss." Bradford, in



302 CORN PROCURED AT EASTHAM AND YARMOUTH.

CHAP, more, because the master's sufficiency was much doubt-
-— - ed, and the season very tempestuous, and not fit to go
1G22. upon discovery, having no guide to direct them.

Nov. ^ J' to b

From thence they departed ; and the wind being
fair for the Massachusets, went thither, and the rather,
because the savages, upon our motion, had planted
much corn for us, whicli they promised not long before
that time. When they came thither, they found a
great sickness to be amongst the Indians, not unlike
the plague, if not the same. They renewed their
complaints to our Governor, against that other planta-
tion seated by them, for their injurious walking. But
indeed the trade both for furs and corn was overthrown
in that place, they giving as much for a quart of corn
as w^e used to do for a beaver's skin ; so that little
good could be there done.

From thence thev returned into the bottom of the
bay of Cape Cod, to a place called Nauset ; where the
sachim' used the Governor very kindly, and where they
bought eight or ten hogsheads of corn and beans ; also
at a place called Mattachiest,^ where they had like
kind entertainment and corn also. During the time
of their trade in these places, there were so great and
violent storms, as the ship w^as much endangered, and
our shallop cast away ; so that they had now no means
to carry the corn aboard that they had bought, the ship
riding by their report well near two leagues from the
same, her own boat being small, and so leaky, (having
no carpenter with them,) as they durst scarce fetch
wood or water in her. Hereupon the Governor caused
the corn to be made in a round stack, and bought mats,

' Aspinet. See page 216. ble and Yarmouth harbours. See

* The country between Barnsta- note ' on page 215.



BRADFORD RETURNS HOME BY LAND. 303

and cut sedge, to cover it ; arid gave charge to the In- chap.

dians not to meddle with it, promising him that dwelt 1

next to it a reward, if he would keep vermin also from 16 22.
it ; which he undertook, and the sachim promised to
make good. In the mean time, according to the
Governor's request, the sachim sent men to seek the
shallop ; which they found buried almos^t in sand at a
high water mark, having many things remaining in
her, but unserviceable for the present; whereof the
Governor gave the sachim special charge, that it should
not be further broken, promising ere long to fetch both
it and the corn ; assuring them, if neither were dimin-
ished, he would take it as a sign of their honest and
true friendship, which they so much made show of;
but if they were, they should certainly smart for their
unjust and dishonest dealing, and further make good
whatsoever they had so taken. So he did likewise at
Mattachiest, and took leave of them, being resolved to
leave the ship and take his journey home by land
with our own company, sending word to the ship that
they should take their first opportunity to go for Ply-
mouth, where he determined, by the permission of God,
to meet them. And having procured a guide, it being
no less than fifty miles to our Plantation,' set forward,
receiving all respect that could be from the Indians in
his journey ; and came safely home, though weary and
surbated f w^hither some three days after the ship' also
came.

The corn being divided, which they had got, Master
Weston's company went to their own plantation ; it

' The distance from Easthatn ' With galled feet,
to Plymouth by land is about fifty ^ The Swan. See page 299.
miles.



304 STANDISH GOES TO EASTHAM.

CH\p. beiiio: further aCTeed, that thev should return with all

XIX 53 '

- ^— convenient speed, and bring their carpenter, that they

might fetch the rest of the corn, and save the shallop.

1623. At their return, Captain Standish, beins: recovered

T J. ^—

and in health, took another shallop, and went with
them to the corn, Avhich they found in safety as they
left it. Also they mended the other shallop, and got
all their corn aboard the ship. This was in January, as
1 take it, it being very cold and stormy ; insomuch as,
(the harbour being none of the best,) they were con-
strained to cut both the shallops from the ship's stern ;
and so lost them both a second time. But the storm
being over, and seeking out, they found them l)oth, not
having received any great hurt.

Whilst they were at Nauset, having occasion to lie
on the shore, laying their shallop in a creek ^ not far
from them, an Indian came into the same, and stole
certain beads, scissors, and other trifles out of the
same ; which, when the Captain missed, he took cer-
tain of his company with him, and went to the sachim,
telling him what had happened, and requiring the
same again, or the party that stole them, (who was
known to certain of the Indians,) or else he would
revenge it on them before his departure ; and so took
leave for that night, being late, refusing whatsoever
kindness they offered. On the morrow the sachim
came to their rendezvous, accompanied with many
men, in a stately manner, who saluted^ the Captain in
this wise. He thrust out his tongue, that one might
see the root thereof, and therewith licked his hand

• Nauset, or Eastham, abounds ' In the orig'ma] saluting ; prob-
with creeks. See note ' on page ably a typographical error.
156, and Mass. Hist. Coll. viii. 155.
188.



BRADFORD AT MIDDLEBOROUGH AND SANDWICH. 305

from the wrist to the finger's end, withal bowing the chap.
knee, striving to imitate the English gesture, being i^
instructed therein formerly by Tisquantum. His men 1623.
did the like, but in so rude and savage a manner, as ^"*
our men could, scarce forbear to break out in open
laughter. After salutation, he delivered the beads and
other things to the Captain, saying he had much beat-
en the party for doing it ; causing the women to make
bread, and bring them, according to their desire ; seem-
ing to be very sorry for the fact, but glad to be recon-
ciled. So they departed, and came home in safety ;
where the corn was equally divided, as before.

After this the Governor went to two other inland
towns, with another company, and bought corn like-
wise of them. The one is called Namasket, the other
Manomet.^ That from Namasket was brought home
partly by Indian women f but a great sickness arising
amongst them, our own men were enforced to fetch
home the rest. That at Manomet the Governor left
in the sachim's custody.

This town lieth from us south, well near twenty
miles, and stands upon a fresh river, which runneth
into the bay of Nanohigganset,^ and cannot be less
than sixty miles from thence. It will bear a boat of

^ The part of Sandwich, which lobsters at their backs; in winter

lies on Manomet river. F. they are their husbands' porters to

^ " It is almost incredible," says lug home their venison." See
Roger Williams, "what burthens Mass. Hist. Coll. i. 149, iii. 212,
the poor women carry of corn, of and Wood's New England's Pros-
fish, of beans, of mats, and a child pect, part ii. ch. 20.
besides." Gookin says, " In their ^ This is called Manomet or
removals from place to place, for Buzzard's bay, though AVinslow
their fishing and hunting, the wo- seems to mistake it for Narragan-
tnen carry the greatest burthen." sett bay, which is near twenty
And Wood says, "In the summer leagues to the westward. Prince,
they trudge home two or three p. 208.
miles with a hundred weight of

39



306



BUZZARD'S BAY.



CHAP, eight or ten tons to this place. Hither the Dutch or

XIX

- -v^- French, or both, use to come. It is from hence to the
1623. bay of Cape Cod about eight miles ;^ out of which

Tor*

bay it flovveth into a creek some six miles, almost
dh'ect towards the town. The heads of the river and
this creek are not far distant. This river yieldeth,
thus high, oysters,'^ muscles, clams,^and other shell-fish ;
one in shape like a bean,"* another like a clam ; both
good meat, and great abundance at all times ; besides
it aboundeth with divers sorts of fresh fish in their
seasons.^



* " This creek runs out easterly
into Cape Cod bay at Scussett har-
bour; and this river runs out west-
erly into Manomet bay. The dis-
tance over land from bay to bay is
but six miles. The creek and river
nearly meet in a low ground ; and
this is the place, through Avhich
there has been a talk of making
a canal, this forty years; which
would be a vast advantage to all
these countries, by saving the long
and dangerous navigation round
the Cape, and through the shoals
adjoining." Prince, p. 208, (A. D.
1736.) Mass. Hist. Coll. viii. 122.

' Oysters are still found in great
excellence and plenty in Sandwich,
on the shores of Buzzard's bay.
See Mass. Hist. Coll. viii. 122.

' The common clam, {mya are-
naria,) or perhaps the quahaug,
{venus mercenaria.) The English
call the former the sand-gaper, the
word clam not being in use among
them, and not to be found in their
dictionaries. And yet it is men-
tioned by Captain Smith, in his
Description of New England, print-
ed in 1616. Johnson, whose Won-
derworking Providence was pub-
lished in 1644, speaks of " dam-
banks, a fish as bi^ as horse-mus-
cles." Morton too, in his New
English Canaan, (1637) mentions
them, and Josselyn, (1672) in his



Rarities, p. 96, speaks of " clam,
or clamp, a kind of shell-fish, a
white muscle." Wood says, ch.
ix. " clams or clamps is a shell-
fish not niucii unlike a cockle ; it
lieth under the sand. These fishes
be in great plenty. In some places
of the country there be clams as big
as a penny white-loaf." See Mass.
Hist. Col. iii. 224, viii. 193, xiii.
125, xxvi. 121, and Dr. Gould's Re-
port on the MoUusca of Mass. pp.
40—42, and 85, 86.

■* The razor-shell, (solcn,) which
very much resembles a bean pod,
or the haft of a razor, both in size
and shape. See Mass. Hist Coll.
viii. 192. Josselyn calls them
^^ sheath fish, which are very plen-
tiful, a delicate fish, as good as a
prawn, covered with a thin shell
like the sheath of a knife, and of
the color of a muscle." And Mor-
ton says, "razor fishes there are."

"The animal is cylindrical, and
is often used as an article of food
under the name of long-clam, razor-
fish, knife-handle, &c." See Dr.
Gould's Report on the Mollusca of
Massachusetts, p. 29.

* In Manomet river, as well as
in Buzzard's and Buttermilk bays,
are found fish of various kinds,
such as bass, sheep's head, tautaug,
scuppaug, &c. See Mass. Hist.
Coll. viii. 122.



CANACUM. 307

The governor, or sachim, of this place was called chap.



XIX.



CanacLim ;' who had formerly, as well as many others,
yea all with whom as yet we had to do, acknowledged 1623.
themselves the subjects of our sovereign lord, the King.
This sachim used the Governor very kindly ; and it
seemed was of good respect and authority amongst
the Indians. For whilst the Governor was there,
within night, in bitter weather, came two men from
Manamoick, before spoken of; and having set aside
their bows and quivers, according to their manner, sat
down by the fire, and took a pipe of tobacco, not using
any words in that time, nor any other to them, but all
remained silent, expecting when they would speak.
At length they looked toward Canacum ; and one of
them made a short speech, and delivered a present to
him from his sachim, which was a basket of tobacco
and many beads, which the other received thankfully.
After which he made a long speech to him ; the con-
tents hereof was related to us by Hobbamock (who
then accompanied the Governor for his guide,) to be as
followeth. It happened that two of their men fell out,
as they were in game (for they use gaming as much as
any where, and will play away all, even their skin from
their backs,^ yea their wives' skins also, though it may
be they are many miles distant from them, as myself
have seen,) and growing to great heat, the one killed

' He was the same as Cawna- have." And Wood adds, " They

come, mentioned in note ^ on page are so bewitched with tliese two

232. games, that they will lose some-

' "In their gamings," says Roger times all they have, beaver, moose
Williams, "they will sometimes skins, kettles, wampompeage, mow-
stake and lose tlieir money, clothes, hackies, hatchets, knives, all is
house, corn, and themselves, if sin- confiscate by these two games."
gle persons." Gookin says " They See Mass. Hist. Coll. i. 153, iii. 234,
are addicted to gaming, and will, and Wood's New England's Pros-
in that vein, play away all they pect, pari ii. ch. 14.



308 STANDISH AT YARMOUTH.

CHAP, the Other. The actor of this fact was a jjoivah,^ one



XIX.



of special note amongst them, and such an one as they
1623. could not well miss; jet another people greater than

Jfin

themselves threatened them with war, if they would
not put him to death. The party offending was in
hold ; neither would their sachini do one way or other
till their return, resting upon him for advice and fur-
therance in so weiohtv a matter. After this there was
silence a short time. At length, men gave their judg-
ment what they thought best. Amongst others, he
asked Hobbamock what he thought. ^V'ho answered,
He was but a stranger to them ; but thought it was
better that one should die than many, since he had
deserved it, and the rest were innocent. Whereupon
he passed the sentence of death upon him.
Feb. Not loiiji; after, having no great quantity of corn
left. Captain Standi.sh went again with a shallop to
Mattachiest, meeting also with the like extremity of
weather, both of wind, snow, and frost ; insomuch as
they were frozen in the harbour, the first night they
entered the same. Here they pretended their wonted
love, and spared them a good quantity of corn to con-
firm the same. Strangers also came to this place, pre-
tending only to see him and his company, whom they
never saw before that time, but intendin"; to join with
the rest to kill them, as after appeared. But being
forced through extremit}- to lodge in their houses,
which they much pressed, God possessed the heart of
the Captain with Just jealousy, giving strait command,
that as one part of his company slept, the rest should
wake, declaring some things to them which he under-
stood, whereof he could make no good construction.

' Powoiv, a priest and medicine man.



STANDISH AT SCUSSETT. 309

Some of the Indians, spying a fit opportunity, stole chap



XIX.



some beads also from him ; which he no sooner per-
ceived, havinw not above six men with him, drew them 162 3.

Feb.

all from the boat, and set them on their guard about
the sachim's house, where the most of the people were;
threatening to fall upon them without further delay, if
they would not forthwith restore them ; signifying to
the sachim especially, and so to them all, that as he
would not offer the least injiuy, so he would not receive
any at their hands, which should escape without pun-
ishment or due satisfaction. Hereupon the sachim
bestirred him to find out tiie party ; which, when he
had done, caused him to return them again to the shal-
lop, and came to the Captain, desiring him to search
whether they were not about the boat ; who, suspect-
ing their knaverj', sent one, who found them lying
openly upon the boat's cuddy. Yet to aj)pease his
anger, they brought corn afresh to trade ; insomuch as
he laded his shallop, and so departed. This accident
so daunted their courage, as they durst not attempt
any thing against him. So that, through the good
mercy and providenc e of God, they returned in safety.
At this place the Indians get abundance of bass both
summer and winter ; for it being now February, they
abounded with them.

In the beginning of March, having refreshed himself, Mar.
he took a shallop, and went to Manomet, to fetch home
that which the Governor had formerly bought,^ hoping
also to get more from them ; but was deceived in his
expectation, not finding that entertainment he found
elsewhere, and the Governor had there received. The

/

* It seems as if the Captain goes up westward towards Mano-
weut iuto Scussetl harbour, which met. Prince, p. 210.



310 WITUWAMAT.

CHAP, reason whereof, and of the treachery intended in the
— ^ place before spoken of, was not then known unto us,
1623. but afterwards ; wherein may be observed the abund-
ant mercies of God, working with his providence for
our good. Captain Standish being now far from the
boat, and not above two or three of our men with him,
and as many with the shallop, was not long at Cana-
cum, the sachim's house, but in came two of the Mas-
sachuset men. The chief of them was called Witu-
wamat, a notable insulting villain, one who had for-
merly imbrued his hands in the blood of English and
French, and had oft boasted of his own valour, and
derided their weakness, especially because, as he said,
they died crying, making sour faces, more like child-
ren than men.

This villain took a dagger from about his neck,
which he had gotten of Master Weston's people, and
presented it to the sachim ; and after made a long
speech in an audacious manner, framing it in such sort,
as the Captain, though he be the best linguist amongst
us,^ could not gather any thing from it. The end of it
was afterwards discovered to be as followeth. The
Massacheuseuks had formerly concluded to ruinate Mas-
ter Weston's colony ; and thought themselves, being
about thirty or forty men strong, enough to execute
the same. Yet they durst not attempt it, till such
time as they had gathered more strength to themselves,
to make their party good against us at Plymouth ; con-
cluding, that if we remained, though they had no other
arguments to use against us, yet we would never leave
the death of our countrymen unrevenged ; and there-

* In the Indian dialects.



A CONSPIRACY AMONG THE INDIANS. 311

fore their safety could not be without the overthrow of chap.
both plantations. To. this end they had formerly soli- ^ - -v^L.
cited this sachim, as also the other, called lanouffh,' at 162 3.
Mattachiest, and many others, to assist them, and now
again came to prosecute the same ; and since there
was so fair an opportunity offered by the Captain's
presence, they thought best to make sure [of] him and
his company.

After this his message was delivered, his entertainment
much exceeded the Captain's ; insomuch as he scorned
at their behaviour, and told them of it. After which
they would have persuaded him, because the weather
was cold, to have sent to the boat for the rest of his
company ; but he would not, desiring, according to
promise, that the corn might be carried down, and he
would content the women ^ for their labor ; which
they did. At the same time there was a lusty Indian
of Paomet,^ or Cape Cod, then present, who had ever
demeaned himself well towards us, being in his general
carriage very affable, courteous, and loving, especially
towards the Captain. This savage was now entered
into confederacy with the rest ; yet, to avoid suspicion,
made many signs of his continued affections, and would
needs bestow a kettle of some six or seven gallons on
him, and would not accept of any thing in lieu thereof,
saying he was rich, and could afford to bestow such
favors on his friends whom he loved. Also he would
freely help to carry some of the corn, affirming he had
never done the like in his life before ; and the wind
being bad, would needs lodge with him at their ren-



',0r lyanough. See note 'on ^ Or Pamet, now called Truro,
page 215. See pages 135 and 139.

^ See note * on page 305.



312 STANDISH RETURNS TO PLYMOUTH.

CHAP, dezvous, having: indeed undertaken to kill him before

XIX.

— — - they parted ; which done, they intended to fall upon

162 3. the rest.

The night proved exceeding cold ; insomuch as the
Captain could not take any rest, but either walked, or
turned himself to and fro at the fire. This the other
observed, and asked wherefore he did not sleep as at



Online LibraryAlexander YoungChronicles of the Pilgrim fathers of the colony of Plymouth, from 1602-1625 → online text (page 27 of 44)