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Digitized by the Internet Archive

in 2010 with funding from
Natural History Magazine, Inc.



http://www.archive.org/details/naturalhistory91newy



NATURAL
HISTORY

AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY, NEW YORK, N.Y.

INDEX TO VOLUME 91, 1982



AUTHORS AND TITLES



Ahmadjian, V, The Nature of Lichens,

Mar., p. 30
Altmann, J., A/o//!erfiaftoo«, Sept., p. 30
Anderson, J., The Bountiful Yeoman, Oct..,

p. 38
Asimov, I., Numbers Large and Small,

Aug., p. 6

B

Bierzychudek, P., Jack and Jill in the Pul-
pit, Mar., p. 22

Boaz, N.T., Fossils of the Libyan Sahara,
Aug., p. 34

Boltin, L., The Natural History 1982 Cal-
endar, Jan., p. 43; Foundry Art, Jan.,
p. 67

Brown, L.R., The Coming Solar . Age, Feb.,
p. 41

Burney, D. A., Life on the Cheetah Circuit,
May. p. 50



Carlquist, S., Hawaii: The First Arrivals,

Deep. 20
Carothers, S. W., Dam Changes on the Col-
orado River, Jan., p. 74
Carroll. G.F., Born. Again Seal, }u\y, p. 40
Carson, G.. Review, Aug.. p. 60
Carson. H.L.. Hawaii: An Introduction,

Dec. p.\6;A Cloudy Future, Dec, p. 72
Cartmill, M., Review, June, p. 60
Ciague, D.A., Hawaii: The Next Island,

Dec, p. 68
CluUon-BwcKT., The Red Deer of Rhum,

Nov., p. 42
Cohen, M.L., Review, Apr., p. 58
CooKR.E., .Attractions of the Flesh, Jan.,

p. 20: The Cold Facts of Winter Wheat,

Nov.. p. 24
Cramer. D.L.. The Late, Great

Sabertooths, Apr., p. 50; Fossils of the

Libyan Sahara, Aug., p. 34



Czerkas, S.M.. Giving Life to Ancient
Bones, Feb., p. 57



Dolan. R.. Dam Changes on the Colorado
River, ^^Ln., p. 74



Eckholm, E.. Human Wants and Misused

Lands, iunt, p. 33
Edelson. E.. Review, inn., p. 100
Eldredge, N., Review, Feb., p. 78
Emerson, S., The Late. Great Sabertooths,

Apr., p. 50
Englebert, V., Reed People of Titicaca,

Jan., p. 34



Fitzpatrick. J.W., Northern Birds at Home
in the Tropics, Sept., p. 40

Foolt, }., Squid Swarm, Apr., p. 24

Ford, J. I., Hawaii: Life Crawls Upstream,
Dec, p. 60

Fowles, J., The Great Amateur of Archeol-
ogy, Aug., p. 18

Foxx, J.J., From Child to Fisherman, Mar.,
p. 44

Freed, S.A., Review, May, p. 27



Gerlach, L.R. Review, Nov., p. 30

Glut, D.F., Giving Life to Ancient Bones,
Feb.. p. 57

Gold. D.L., Enchantment of the Fasnacht,
Feb., p. 28

Gonzalez Grande, J.L., A Forkful of Ori-
o/e5.0ct.,p. 50

Gordon, R., Journey to the Tibetan Pla-
teau, Sept., p. 48

Gould, S.J.. The Guano Ring, Jan., p. 1 2;
Nonmoral Nature, Feb., p. 19; Moon.
Mann, and Otto, Mar., p. 4; The Impor-
tance of Trifles, Apr, p. 1 6; Hutton's



Purposeful View, May. p. 6; The
Stinkstones ofOeningen, June, p. 6; The
Oddball Human Male, July. p. 1 4; Free
to Be Extinct, Aug.. p. 1 2; Solitary Ori-
gins of Some Societies, Sept., p. 6; The
Hottentot Venus, Oct., p. 20; Living with
Connections, Nov., p. 1 8; Of Wasps and
WASPs, Dec, p. 8
Grada.nle,'W., Low and Slow, Mean and

Clean, Apr., p. 28
Groeschel, G., Bird in a Cave, Nov.. p. 56
Groft.TK.. Foundry Art, Jan., p. 67

H

Haskins, C.P, Review, July, p. 70

Hiam. A.W., Airborne Models and Flying

Mimics, Apr., p. 42
Horenstein, S., Father Knickerbocker the

First, }u\y, p. 14
Howell, T.R., Desert-nesting Sea Gulls,

Aug., p. 52



Johnsgard, RA., Whooper Recount, Feb.,

p. 70
Johnson. J.. Wild White Sheep, Feb.. p. 62
Jones, C, The Lost and Lonely Birds of

Mauritius, Mar., p. 38
Jordan, W.H., Jr.. Invasionofthe Medfly,

May, p. 70

K

Kaneshiro, K.Y., Hawaii: The Flies Fan

Out, Dec, p. 54
Kastner. J., Review, Mar., p. 72
Kessler, D.J, Junk in Space, Mar, p. 12
Kinzie, R.A., III, Hawaii: Life Crawls Up-
stream, Dec, p. 60
Kirch, P. v., Hawaii: Transported Land-
scapes, Dec, p. 32
Kirshner, R.P, Hole in Space, Sept., p. 26
Knudtson, RM., Weavers of Wood, May,

p. 40
Kucera, T.E., How Mule Deer Mate in
Texas, June, p. 50



Lanyon, W.E., Fallow Field Guide to

Birds, May, p. 60
Luft, J., Mother Baboon, Sept., p. 30

M

MacMahon, J. A., Mount St. Helens Revis-
ited. May, p. 14

Magoon, L., The Making of Alaskan Oil
Fields, Ocl., p. S

Maran, S.R, The Quasar Controversy
Continues, Jan., p. 85; Quakes on the
Moon, Feb., p. 82; The Inconstant Sun,
Apr., p. 62; Where Do Comets Come
From? May. p. 80; The Impossible Star,
June, p. 64; Inside Jupiter's Rings, Aug.,
p. 64; Origin of the Crab Nebula, Oct., p.
84; Fall from Space, Dec., p. 74

Martin, C.E., Appalachian House Beauti-
ful, Feb. .p. 4

Martin, R.D., Et tu. Tree Shrew? Aug., p.
26

Mendez, R. A., Sealed in Amber, June, p.
26; Hawaii: The Flies Fan Out, Dec, p.
54; Hawaii: Life Crawls Upstream,
Dec, p. 60

Moore, J.G., Hawaii: The Next Island,
Deep. 68

Moore, P.D., Beneath the Blanket Bogs of
Britain, Nov., p. 48

Moore-Ede, M.C., What Hath Night to Do
With Sleep? Sept., p. 22; Sleeping As the
World Turns, Oct, p. 28

N

Neal, A., Los Ambulantes, Nov., p. 62
Nicholson, H.B., Revelation of the Great

Tei7iple, July, p. 48
Nicholson, T.D., Celestial Events, Jan., p.

94; Feb., p. 76; Mar., p. 82; Apr., p. 66;

May, p. 84; June, p. 70; July, p. 66; Aug.,

p. 74; Sept., p. 68; Oct., p. 78; Nov., p. 38;

Deep. 80
Normark, W.R., Hawaii: The Next Island,

Dec, p. 68



Ohta, A.T., Hawaii: The Flies Fan Out,
Deep. 54



Palmer, J. D., Biorhvlhm Bunkum. Oct., p.

90
Parker, A., Los Ambulantes, Nov., p. 62
Pasquier, R., The Lost and Lonely Birds of

Mauritius, Mar., p. 38
Poinar, CO., Sealed in Amber, June, p. 26



R

Radinsky, L., The Late, Great

Sabertooths, Apr., p. 50
Ralph, C. J., Hawaii: Birds of the Forest,

Deep. 40
Rensbergcr, B., Review, Sept., p. 74
Richstone, D., Encounters of the Galactic

Kind. Ju\y, p. 60



Sax, J.L., Free Enterprise in the Woods,

June, p. 1 4; In Search of Past Harmony,

Aug., p. 42
ScheW.O., Journey to the Tibetan Plateau,

Sept., p. 48
Schildkrout, E., From Child to Fisherman,

Mar., p. 44
Schreibcr, R.W., A BrownStudyofthe

Brown Pelican, Jan., p. 38
Shallenberger, R.J., Hawaii: A Seal Slips

.Away, Dec, p. 48
Sigurdsson, H., In the Volcano, Mar, p. 60
SimberlolT, D., Big .Advantages of Small

Refuges, Apr., p. 6
Simon, C. A., Masters of the Tongue Flick,

Sept., p. 58
Sokolov, R., For Cuisine and Country,

Jan., p. 1 04; Maryland Is for Crabs,

Feb., p. 90; Heavy Date, Mar., p. 86;

Southern Comfort, Apr., p. 78; Respect

Your Elders, May, p. 95; Hooked, June,



p. 76; Fish, Fresh from the Farm, July, p.
76; Quince Essentials. Aug., p. 78; Blue
Notes, Sept., p. 84; L.A.'s Super Market,
Oct., p. 100; To Market, to Market . . .
to Buy a Tortilla. Nov., p. 1 00; A Garden
of Earthy Delights, Dec, p. 91

Spanfelier, J., Human Wants and Misused
Lands, June, p. 33

Stein, D., Mother Baboon, Sept., p. 30

Stone, A., A Home Computer Primer,
Nov., p. 84

Surrey, D.S., "It's. Like, Good Training
For Life, " Nov., p. 70



Turnbull, C, Bali's New Gods, Jan., p. 26



U



Ukrain, D., Bird in a Cave, Nov., p. 56



Veit, PC, Gorilla Society, Mar., p. 48
Vogelmann, H.W., Catastrophe on Camels
Hump, Nov., p. 8



W

Waller, T>.M.,Jewelweed's Sexual Skills,

May, p. 32
Ward, RD., Nautilus: Have Shell. Will

Float, Oct., p. 64
Waring, R.H., Land of the Giant Conifers,

Oct., p. 54
Wetherill, G.W., Dating Very Old Objects,

Sept., p. 14
Whitacre, D, Bird in a Cave, Nov., p. 56
Wuerthner, G., Wild White Sheep, Feb., p.

62



Zimmermann, M.H.. Piping Water to the
Treetops. }u\y, p. 6



SUBJECT MATTER



Acid rain, Nov., p. 8
AFRICA

Baboons, Sept., p. 30

Cheetah, May, p. 50

Ghana, Mar., p. 44

Gorillas, Mar., p. 48

Hottentots, Oct., p. 20
Age dating, Sept., p. 1 4
Agriculture, New England, Oct., p. 38
ALASKA

Oil fields, Oct., p. 8

Wild sheep, Feb., p. 62
Algae on lichen. Mar., p. 30
Amber, June, p. 26
AMERICAN INDIANS

Exhibit, Dee p. 84

Haida, May, p. 40



Americana, Appalachia, Feb., p. 4
ANTHROPOLOGY

Appalachia, Feb., p. 4

Bali, Jan., p. 26

Electronics, Nov., p. 70

Ewe people. Mar., p. 44

Fanti people. Mar., p. 44

Goloks, Sept.,p. 48

Haida Indians, May, p. 40

Hottentots, Oct., p. 20

Itinerant photographers, Nov., p. 62

Maoris, Apr., p. 78

Mexican-Americans, Apr., p. 28; Oct.,

p. 100; Nov., p. 100
Polynesians, Dec, p. 32
Switzerland, Fasnacht, Feb., p. 28
Titicaca people, Jan., p. 34
Tribal peoples. Third World, June, p. 38
Uru Indians, Jan., p. 32
ARCHEOLOGY

Aztec empire, July, p. 48



John Aubrey, Aug., p. 1 8
Art, foundry, cast-iron stoves, Jan., p. 67
ASIA

Tibet, Sept., p. 49

Tree shrew, Aug., p. 26
ASTRONOMY

Celestial Events, Jan., p. 94; Feb., p. 76;
Man, p. 82; Apr., p. 66; May, p. 84;
June, p. 70; July, p. 66; A\ig., p. 74;
Sept., p. 68; Oct., p. 78; Nov., p. 38;
Deep. 80

Comets, May, p. 80

Crab nebula, Oct., p. 84

Debris in space. Mar., p. 1 2

Galaxies, July, p. 60

Jupiter rings, Aug., p. 64

Meteorite, Nov., p. 94

Moonquakes, Feb., p. 82

Quasar, Jan., p. 85

R 136astar, June, p. 64

Satellite reentry, Dec, p. 74



Space holes. Sept.. p. 26

Sun, Apr., p. 62
At llie American Museum. ,lan.. p. 88;

Feb.. p. 94; Mar., p. 78; Apr., p. 72; May,

p. 88; ,lune. p. 72; .luly, p. 74; Aug., p. 70;

Sept.. p. 80; Oct., p. 70; Nov., p. 94; Dec,

p. 84
Atacama Desert, Chile, .\ug., p. 52
Aztec empire, .luly, p. 48
Baboons, Sept.. p. 30
Bali, Jan., p. 26
Ba.sketry, May, p. 40
BIOLOGY

Lichen, Mar., p. 30

Plants,Jan., p. 20

Siamese twins, Nov., p. 1 8
Biorhvthms.Ocl.. p. 90
BIOS

Plants, Jan., p. 20; Mar., p. 22

Winter wheat, Nov., p. 24
BIRDS

Collections. Sept., p. 80

Dispersal agents, Dec, p. 20

Field guide. May, p. 60

Honeycreepers, Dec, p. 4 1

Migration, Sept.. p. 40

Nest.s.Jan..p. 1 2; Sept., p. 80

of Mauritius, Mar, p. 38

Orioles, Oct., p. 50

Pelicans. Jan., p. 38

Seagulls, Aug., p. 52

White-collared swifts, Nov., p. 56

Whooping cranes, Feb., p. 70
Bogs, Nov.. p. 48
BOTANY

Conifers, Oct., p. 54

Dates, Mar., p. 86

Elder shrub. May, p. 95

Hawaii, Dec, p. 20; p. 36

Jewelweed, May, p. 32

Lichen. Mar., p. 30

Plants, Jan., p. 20; Mar., p. 22

Quince, Aug., p. 78

Sequoia, May, p. 88

Trees, May. p. 88; July, p. 6; Nov., p. 8

Winter wheat. Nov., p. 24
BRITAIN

Scotland, Nov.. p. 42

Wetlands, Nov., p. 48
British Columbia. Canada, May, p. 40
Brown pelican, Jan., p. 38
Butterflies, Apr., p. 42
CALIFORNIA

Dates, Mar., p. 86

Medfly, May, p. 70

Mexican-Americans, Apr., p. 28; Oct.,
p. 100; Nov., p. 100

Seals, July, p. 40

Sequoia, Mark Twain, May, p. 88

Squid,.'\pr.,p. 24

Supermarkets, Oct., p. 100; Nov., p. 100
Caribbean volcano. Mar., p. 60
Cars, low riders, Apr, p. 28
Catfish, July, p. 76

Caves and white-collared swifts, Nov., p. 56
Celestial Events see Astronomy
Champions of American Sport, Mar., p. 78
Cheese, blue, Sept., p. 84
Cheetah, May, p. 50
Chile, Aug., p. 52
Circadian timing system, Sept., p. 22; Oct.,

p. 28



Climate. June, p. 33; Nov., p. 48
Clocks, internal, Sept., p. 22; Oct., p. 28
Comets, theory of. May, p. 80
Computers, Nov., p. 84
Conifers, Oct., p. 54
CONSERVATION

Hawaii, Dec, p. 72

Mauritius island. Mar., p. 38
Crab nebula, Oct., p. 84
Crabs, Feb., p. 90
Cranes, whooping, Feb., p. 70
Crops for energy, Feb., p. 45
Cuvier, Georges, June, p. 6
Dall's sheep. Feb., p. 62
Darwin. Feb., p. 19; Apr., p. 16
Dates, Mar., p. 86

DDT and brown pelicans, Jan., p. 38
Debris in space. Mar., p. 1 2
Deer, June. p. 50; Nov., p. 42
Desert, June, p. 45; Aug., p. 34; Aug.. p. 52
Dinosaurs, Jan., p. 88; Feb., p. 57
ECOLOGY

Birds, May, p. 60; Sept., p. 40

Deer, red. Nov., p. 42

Forests, Oct., p. 54

Gorillas, Mar., p. 48

Grand Canyon, Jan., p. 74

Hawaii, Dec, pp. 4 1 , 54, 60

Mauritius Island, Man, p. 38

Mount St. Helens, May, p. 1 4

Squid, Apr., p. 24

Third World, June, p. 33

Wildlife refuge, Apr., p. 6

Winter wheat, Nov., p. 24
Ecosystems, Hawaii, Dec, pp. 32, 72
Elderberry, May, p. 95
Electronics, Nov., p. 70, p. 84
Elephant seals, July, p. 40
ENDANGERED SPECIES

Birds on Mauritius, Mar., p. 38

Brown pelicans, Jan., p. 38

Cranes, Feb., p. 70

Forest birds, Hawaii, Dec, p. 40

Monk seals, Dec, p. 48
ENERGY

Crops, Feb., p. 45

Renewable, Feb., p. 56

Solar. Feb., pp. 52, 53, 55

Waste, Feb., p. 44

Water. Feb., p. 47

Wind, Feb., p. 48

Windmills, geothermal, Feb., p. 50

Wood. Feb.. p. 42
ENVIRONMENT

Birds. Sept.. p. 40

Forests, Oct., p. 54

Goloks,Sept..p.48

Grand Canyon, Jan., p. 74

Hawaii, Dec, pp. 36, 54, 72

Mule deer, June, p. 50

Third World. June, p. 33
Ethnohistory, Hawaii, Dec, p. 32
EVOLUTION

Hawaii. Dec. pp. 1 6, 68

Sabertooths, Apr., p. 50

Theory of evolution, Feb., p. 19: July,
p. 14; Sept.. p. 6
Ewe people. Mar., p. 44
Extinctionof species. Aug., p. 12
Fanti people. Mar., p. 44
Festivals, Fasnacht, Feb., p. 28
Film festival. Oct., p. 70



FISHES

Catfish, July, p. 76

Fishing, June, p. 76
Flies, drosophilid, Dec, p. 54
FOOD

Blue cheese, Sept., p. 84

Catfish, July, p. 76

Crabs, Feb., p. 90

Dates, Mar., p. 86

Elderberry, May, p. 95

Fishing, June, p. 76

Gardening, vegetables and fruits, Dec,
p.91

Preservation, Oct., p. 38

Quince, Aug., p. 78

Regional cookery, Jan., p. 104

Steamed. New Zealand, Apr., p. 78

Supermarkets, Oct., p. 100; Nov., p. 100

Tortilla, Nov., p. 100
FORESTRY

National parks, June, p. 14

Trees, July, p. 6
FORESTS

and acid rain, Nov., p. 8

Birds, Hawaii, Dec, p. 40

Ecosystems, Oct., p. 54
FOSSIL

Bone, July, p. 74

Dinosaurs, Jan., p. 88; Feb., p. 57

Insects and amber, June, p. 26

Libyan Sahara, Aug.. p. 34
France, parks, Aug., p. 42
Freshwater streams, Hawaii, Dec, p. 60
Fruit fly. May, p. 70
Fuels 5<?e Energy
Fungi on lichen, Man. p. 30
Galaxies, July, p. 60
Gardening, vegetables and fruits, Dec,

p. 91
GEOLOGY

Amber, June, p. 26

Dating, radioactive, Sept., p. 14

Fossil bone, July, p. 74

Museum's stones, Aug., p. 70

Grand Canyon. Jan.. p. 74

James Hutton, father of. May, p. 6

Libyan Sahara, Aug., p. 34

Mount St. Helens. May, p. 14

Mount St. Vincent, Man, p. 60

Petroleum, Oct., p. 8

Stinkstone slate, June, p. 6

Volcano, Man, p. 60; May, p. 1 4;
underwater, Dec, p. 68
Geothermal heat, Feb., p. 50
Glen Canyon Dam, Jan., p. 74
Golok tribesmen, Sept., p. 48
Gorillas. Man, p. 48
Grand Canyon, Jan., p. 74
Great Temple, Aztec, July, p. 48
Guano ring, bird nests, Jan., p. 1 2
Haida Indians, May, p. 40
Haleakala National Park, Dec, p. 37
Hawaii, Dec, pp. 1 6, 20, 32, 36, 40. 48, 54,

60,68,72
HISTORY

of Park Service, June, p. 14

of science, Feb.. p. 19; May, p. 6; June,
p. 6; July, p. 1 4; Aug., pp. 6, 1 2; Sept.,
p. 6; Oct., p. 20; Nov., p. 18
Honeycreepers, Hawaiian, Dec, p. 40
Hottentot Venus, Oct., p. 20
Hutton, James, May, p. 6



INSECTS

Butterflies, Apr., p. 42
. Flies, Deep. 54

Fossil, June, p. 26

Medfly, May, p. 70
Internal clock, Sept., p. 22; Oct., p. 28
INVERTEBRATES

Crabs, Feb., p. 90

Nautilus, Oct., p. 64

Squid, Apr., p. 24
Jack-in-the-pulpit, Mar., p. 22
Jewclweed, May, p. 32
Jupiter rings, Aug., p. 64
Kenya, East Africa, Sept., p. 30
Knight, C.R., Feb., p. 57
Libyan Sahara, Aug., p. 34
Lichens, Mar., p. 30
Lizards, Apr., p. 72; Sept., p. 58
Males and females, July, p. 14
MAMMALS

Baboons, Sept., p. 30

Cheetahs, May, p. 50

Gorillas, Mar., p. 48

Monk seals, Dec, p. 48

Mule deer, June, p. 51

Reddeer, Nov.,p. 42

Seals, July, p. 40; Dec, p. 48

Tree shrews, Aug., p. 26

White wild sheep, Feb., p. 62
Maoris, New Zealand, Apr., p. 78
Marine mammals, July, p. 40; Dec, p. 48
Mathematics, Aug., p. 6
MATTER OF TASTE

Cheese, Sept., p. 84

Crabs, Feb., p. 90

Dates, Mar., p. 86

Elderberries, May, p. 95

Fish, July, p. 76

Fishing, June, p. 76

Gardening, Dec, p. 91

Quince, Aug., p. 78

Regional cookery, Jan., p. 104

Steamed food, Apr., p. 78

Supermarket, Oct., p. 100

Tortilla, Nov., p. 100
Mauritius Island, Indian Ocean, Mar.,

p. 38
Medfly, May, p. 70
Mediterranean fruit fly. May, p. 70
Meteorite, Ellis Hughes, Nov., p. 94
Mexican-Americans, Apr., p. 28; Oct.,

p. 100; Nov., p. 100
Mexico, July, p. 48; Nov., p. 56
Mineral, amber, June, p. 26
Monk seal, Hawaiian, Dec, p. 48
Moonquakes, Feb., p. 82
Mount St. Helens, May, p. 1 4
Mount St. Vincent, Mar., p. 60
Mountain gorillas. Mar., p. 48
Mule deer, June, p. 50
NASA satellite, June, p. 64
NATIONAL PARKS

and free enterprise, June, p. 1 4

Haleakala, Dec.,p. 36
NATURALIST AT LARGE

Biorhythms,Oct.,p. 90
Naturemax theater, Feb., p. 94
Nautilus, Oct., p. 64
New Zealand, Apr., p. 78
NORTH AMERICA

Birds, Sept., p. 40

Elderberries, May, p. 95



Forests and acid rain, Nov., p. 8
Numbers, Aug., p. 6
Oil helds, Alaska, Oct., p. 8
Oort cloud. May, p. 80
Orioles, Oct., p. 50
Pacific Northwest forests, Oct., p. 54
PALEONTOLOGY

Fossils, July, p. 74; Aug., p. 34

Stinkstones, June, p. 6
Pelicans, brown, Jan., p. 38
Peru, Jan., p. 34
Photographic competition, winners, July,

p. 24
PHYSIOLOGY

Biological rhythms, Oct., p. 90

Sleep, Sept., p. 22; Oct., p. 28
Planets, Jupiter, Aug., p. 64
PLANTS

Dates, Mar., p. 86

Dispersal of, Jan., p. 20

Elder shrub. May, p. 95

Jack-in-the-pulpit, Mar., p. 22

Jewelweed, May, p. 32

Lichens, Mar., p. 30
Polynesians, settlement of Hawaii. Dec,

p. 32
Prehistoric animals, sabertooths, Apr.,

p. 50
Prehistoric people, Nov., p. 48
Quasar, Jan., p. 85
Quince, Aug., p. 78
Redwoods, Oct., p. 54
Regional cookery, Jan., p. 104
Renewable energy, Feb., p. 56
Reptiles, lizards, Apr., p. 72; Sept., p. 58
Rocks, dating of, Sept., p. 14
R 1 36a star, June, p. 64
Sabertooths, Apr., p. 50
Satellite reentry, Dec, p. 74
Seagulls, Aug., p. 52
Seals, July, p. 40; Dec, p. 48
Sequoia, May, p. 88
Seton, E.T., June, p. 72
Sexual behavior, Dec, p. 8
Sheep, wild, Feb., p. 62
Siamese twins, Nov., p. 1 8
Silverswords, Hawaiian, Dec, p. 36
Sky Reporter see Astronomy
Sleep, timing and duration, Sept., p. 22;

Oct., p. 28
SOLAR ENERGY

Feb., pp. 41 , 52, 53, 55; Apr., p. 62
SOUTH AMERICA

Birds, Sept., p. 40; Nov., p. 56

Titicaca people, Jan., p. 34
Space holes, Sept., p. 26
Space missions. Mar., p. 1 2
Squid, Apr., p. 24
StarR136a,June, p. 64
Stinkstone slate, June, p. 6
Stoves, cast-iron, Jan., p. 67
Sun, Apr., p. 62

Supermarkets, Oct., p. 100; Nov., p. 100
Supernova, Oct., p. 84
Swifts, white-collared, Nov., p. 56
Switzerland, Fasnacht, Feb., p. 28
TECHNOLOGY

Computers, Nov., p. 84

Videogames, Nov., p. 70
Theory of natural selection, July, p. 1 4
THIRD WORLD

Deserts, June, p. 45



Ecology, June, p. 33

Tribal peoples, June, p. 38

Undernutrition, June, p. 35
THIS VIEW OF LIFE

Birds, Jan., p. 12

Evolution, Feb., p. 1 9; Sept., p. 6

Extinctionof species, Aug., p. 12

Geology, May, p. 6

Hottentot Venus, Oct., p. 20

Males and females, July, p. 14

Scopes trial II, Mar., p. 4

Sexual behavior, Dec, p. 8

Siamese twins, Nov., p. 1 8

Stinkstone slate, June, p. 6

Worms and scientific reasoning, Apr.,
p. 16
Tibet, Sept., p. 48
TIME

Clocks, biological, Sept., p. 22; Oct.,
p. 28

Dating, radioactive, Sept., p. 14
Titicaca people, Jan., p. 34
Tortilla, Nov., p. 100
TOURIST AS PILGRIM

Bali, Jan., p. 26
TREES

and acid rain, Nov., p. 8

Conifers, Oct., p. 54

Hydraulic architecture of, July, p. 6

Sequoia, Mark Twain, May, p. 88
Tree shrews, Aug., p. 26
Tribal peoples. Third World, June, p. 38
Undernutrition, Third World, June, p. 35
United Nations, Stockholm conference,

June, p. 33
Uru Indians, Jan., p. 32
VERTEBRATE PALEONTOLOGY

Dinosaurs, Jan., p. 88; Feb., p. 57

Sabertooths, Apr., p. 50
Video games, Pac-Man. Nov., p. 70
VOLCANOES

Mount St. Helens, May, p. 14

Mount St. Vincent, Mar., p. 60

Underwater, Hawaii, Dec, p. 68
Waste products, conversion of, Feb., p. 44
Water, Feb., p. 47
West Africa, Ghana, Mar., p. 44
Wetlands, Nov., p. 48 '

Wheat, winter, Nov., p. 24
Whooping cranes, Feb., p. 70
Wildlife refuge, Apr., p. 6
Wind, harnessing of, Feb., p. 48
Wood as fuel, Feb., p. 42
Yeomen, New England, Oct., p. 38
BOOKS IN REVIEW

Elephants, Sept., p. 74

Endangered Sex. The, May, p. 27

Evolution: Genesis and Revelations,
June, p. 60

Extraordinary Landscape. The, Oct.,
p. 74

Growth of Biological Thought. The,
July, p. 70

Looking Far North: The Harriman Ex-
pedition to Alaska 1899, Aug., p. 60

New Evolutionary Timetable. The, Feb.,
p. 78

Outof China's Earth, Apr., p. 58

Progress and Privilege, Nov., p. 30

To the Ends of the Earth, Mar., p. 72
Television Show in Review, Life on Earth,

produced by the BBC, Jan., p. 1 00



NAIURAL
ISIOEY



4 t




\





Oil is a natural liquid energy-storage
system. It is produced by burying
undecomposed organic matter under
hundreds of tons of pressure for
200 million years. Prudence dictates that
we use it sparingly

Which is the fundamental advantage of
Dr Rudolph Diesel's compression ignition
engine.



The engine con have all the air it wants,
but only enough fuel to accomplish the
job at hand. At idle, that can be as low
as 4 tablespoons an hour Although very
efficient, it is also very slow and heavy

To address these disadvantages, VW
introduced the lightest 4-cylinder Diesel
ever produced. A wider power band
and substantially improved performance
were provided by a new swirl-chamber,
aluminum cylinder head.

If all you want is to be prudent, all Diesels
should be of passing interest. If you're



interested in passing too, there is only
one choice.

The Rabbit Diesel. Also known as the
best mileage car in America.*

*EPAestimated[45lmpg58 highway
estimate. (Use 'Estimated mpg" for
comparisons. Your mileage may vary
with weather, speed, and trip length.
Actual highway mileage will probably
be less.)



The 1982 Natural History
Magazine Photographic
Competition
. . . See page 16



NATURAL
HISTORY

American Museum oj Natural History
Robert G. Goelet, President
Thomas -D. Nicholson, Director



Vol. 91, No. I, January 1982



.Alan Ternes. Editor

Judith Friedman. Managing Editor

Thomas Page. Designer

Board of Editors: Carol Breslin.

Sally Lindsay. Frederick Hartmann.

Vittorio Maestro. Rebecca B. Finnell

Florence G. Edelstein. Copy Chief

Rita Campon. Copy Editor

E. Kay Danzig. .Art .4sst.

Kay Zakariasen. Picture Editor

Lauren Krenzel, Photo Research

Douglas J. Preston. Publications Editor

Annie R.C. Finch. Editorial .4ssl.

Lillian Berger

Editorial .Advisers:

Malcolm Arlh. James W. .Atz.

Niles Eldredge. Kenneth L. Franklin,

E.Craig Morris. Norman Newell.

Thomas D. Nicholson. Martin Prim.

Gerard Piel, Nina Root

David D. Ryus. Publisher
Bradford D. Smith. Business Manager
Frederick E. Grossman. Production Mgr.
Debra Buck McCord. .Asst. Production Mgr
Ernestine Weindorf, .Administrative Asst.
Elaine M. Callender Advtg. Production Mgr

Cary Castle. Circulation Manager
Jeff Pieper, Assoc. Circulation Mgr
Ramon E. Alvarez, Asst. Circulation Mgr
Frank Stevens. Circulation Asst.

Natural History (ISSN 0028-0712). incorporating
Nature Magazine, is published monthly by
the .American Museum of Natural History,
Central Park West at 79th Street. New
York. N.Y. 10024.

Subscriptions: $15.00 a year In Canada and all
oiher countries: $18.00 a year Second-class
postage paid at New York. N.Y. and at
additional offices. Copyright © 1981 by
.American Museum of Natural History. All rights
reser\'ed. No part of this periodical may be
reproduced without written consent of Natural
History. The opinions e.xpressed by authors do
not necessarily reflect the policy of the American
Museum. Natural History is indexed in Reader's
Guide to Periodical Literature.

.Advertising Offices:

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488 Madison Avenue

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President of Sales, Arthur Hill Diedrick

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6 Authors

12 This View of Life Stephen Jay Gould
The Guano Ring

20 Bios Robert E. Cook
.Attractions of the Flesh

26 The Tourist as Pilgrim Colin Tumbull
Bali's New Gods

34 Reed People of Titicaca photographs by Victor Englebert
In the highlands of Peru, a group of Indians live on floating
man-made islands.

38 A Brown Study of the Brown Pelican Ralph W. Schreiber
These birds, now back from the edge of extinction, are sensitive
indicators of marine pollution.

43 The Natural History 1982 Calendar photographs by Lee Boltin

Please pull this bonus from the middle of the magazine and enjoy it on

your desk or wall during the year.

67 Foundry Art Tammis Kane Groft. photographs by Lee Boltin

.4 fuel shortage early in the nineteenth century spurred the development



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