Copyright
Alfred Cunningham.

The French in Tonkin and South China online

. (page 1 of 9)
Online LibraryAlfred CunninghamThe French in Tonkin and South China → online text (page 1 of 9)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


1



'7flM^R^^^Bl|^^^^H


* 4ll^^^^^^^l


i^ri^l^HH^^^


wV ^^^S£^'~ !


'MVBjK/m




MH


wSmLImP'^^^^^^^^^^^I


'Ss^vflB^fl^^^^^^^^l


j^vwiVl' ^^^^^^^^^^^^^B






• s&^^V^^^^^^^^^I


^^^^H


-'B^jyi iM^B^^^^^B




'■i;4hy-Ji


IL .■■•


<


^pf^•y^


1 V




■,-. ! '>


* .1


^Hl 'Oj^^^^H^^^ •


^3


■1



THE FRENCH IN TONKIN
AND SOUTH CHINA



BY



ALFRED CUNNINGHAM.



Membor China Branch, Royal Asiatic Society.

Author of " A History of the Szechuon

Riots," "The Chinese Soklior

and other Sketches."



(second edition — revised).



HONGKONQ :
PaiNTED AT THE OFFICE OF THE " HONQKONO D.VILY PiiESS."

London :

Sampson Low, Marston & Co.,

St. D-jnstan's Housk, Fetter La.ne.



This small volume is humbly inscribed
by /he ivriler lo the members of the Com-
mittee ivhose Petition to the lion 'blc.
the Principal Secretary of State for the
Colonies initiated the first real steps toivards
the Sanitary Reform of Hongkong.



INTRODUCTION.



CHE following pages are the results of
a visit to Tonkin with a camera in
Spring, 1902, and of observations made
by the writer as a journalist resident
in Hongkong. Some readers may con-
sider that too much importance has been
attached to the ambitions of our neigh-
bours, who, it is alleged, are largely
influenced by sentiment ; and that the
undertakings of Monsieur Doumer have
been given unnecessary prominence and
emphasis.

Many of the figures quoted have been
taken from M. Doumer's Report ; others
have been compiledjrom various reliable
sources.

The writer takes this opportunity of
recording his thanks to the Authorities in
Tonkin for their courtesy to him.

He has not attempted to quote the
ancient history of Tonkin or even relate
its capture ; these are ably dealt with in
other works. His object has been to try



IXTRODrCTlON



and present an accurate sketch of the
colony as it is at present, and to institute a
comparison between the French and the
British, in pohlical and colonial activity,
in the hope that we may be stirred to even
better achievements.



A. C.



Hongkong, ist August, 1902.



PREFACE TO SECOND
EDITION.



The production of a Second luiilion
has enabled the writer to make some
corrections and additions.

A. C.



Hongkong, ist October, 1902.



TABLE OF CONTENTS.



INTRODUCTION.

KWANG-CHAU-WAN.

PAGE I

Situation. — ^Motives of Acquirement. — A
Naval Base. — Expenditure. — IM. Doumer's
Opinion. — Trade. — The Entrance. — Civil
Settlement. — Towns. — Administration. —
Military Settlement. — Prospects.

FRENCH ACTIVITY IN HAINAN

AND KWANGTUNG,

PAGE 25

At Canton. — French Consul. — The
Viceroy. — New Hospital. — Claim for
Special Railway and ^Mineral Concessions.
— Canton-Hankow Railway. — Desire for
Separate Settlement. — French at Macao.—
At Catai. — The Portuguese Feeling. —
Hoihow.— Pakhoi. — Relation to Hongkong.



CONTENTS

HAIPHONG.

PAGE 46

Situation. ^Proposed New Port. — Pre-
vious Descriptions. — Do-son. — The Settle-
ment. — Social and Business Aspects. —
Clubs. ■ — Recreation. — Commercial. —
Labour. — Industries. — Railway.

HANOI.

PAGE 63

Situation. — A Comparison. — Social
Ijfe. — A French Opinion. — Hongkonp^ and
Hanoi Compared. — Hotels. — Buildinij^s. —
Stores. — Native Quarters. — Petit Lac. —
Citadel. — Jardins Botaniques. — Race
Course.— Annamite Jockeys. — The Lady
Colonist. — Cafes. — Business. — Electric
Tramway." — Railway Station. — Develop-
ment of Hanoi. — ]Municij)al.

THE E.XPOSITION AT HANOI.

PAGE yO

Its Inauguration. — !\L Doumer's Scheme
— Location and Descrij)tion. — Exhibitors.
— Steamer and Railway Arrangements. —
Hotels. — Trips of Interest.



CONTEXTS

RAILWAYS.

PAGE 107

Lord Curzon. — First Railway in Tonkin.
— Journey from Hanoi to the Chinese
frontier. — New Bridge at Hanoi. — Its Cost.
— Phu-lang-thuong. — The Scenery beyond.
— Langson. — Dong-Dang. — The Propos-
ed Extension to Wuchow-fu. — Cost of Line.
— The Programme of 1897. — Decision of
Council Superior. — Results : Line from
Haiphong to Hanoi and Laokay. — Hanoi
to Vietrie. — Vietrie to Yenbay and Laokay.
Hanoi to Vinh. — Tourane, Hue and
Kwangtri. — Saigon to Khanh-hoa and
Liang-biang. — The line from Haiphong to
Yunnan-sen. — Proposed Extension to Sze-
chuen. — Lines from Kwang-chau-wan to
the West River.

ADMINISTRATION AND DEVELOPMENT.

PAGE 1 40

Reorganisation. — The Administration.
— Departments. — Telegraphs. — Planting.
— Planters at Tu-yen-quang. — Native
Agriculture. — Commercial Aspect. — AL
Leroy-Eeaulieu's Opinion. — Neighbouring



CONTEXTS

Chinese Trade Centres. — Industries. — •
Hongay and Kebao Coalfields. — Indo-
China Budget.

UP-COUNTRY TR.WELLING.

PAGE 164

Correspondances Fluviales au Tonkin.
— Haiphong. — The Mosquitos. — Dapcau.
— The Railway Train. — The Scenery. —
The Red River. — Sontay. — Vietrie. — The
Claire River. — Phu-doan. — Hoa-muc. — A
Story. — River Chronicles. — Tu-yen-quang.
— Other Places of Interest.

GENERAL

PAGE 189

INI. Doumer. — His Policy. — The Advan-
tages of Railways in China. — Our Need.
— M. Doumer's Opinion. — State Aid. —
French Naval Activity. — The Tonkinese. —
Things Municipal. — Protection in Tonkin.



" Thev order, ' ' said I, ' ' this malter better
iti France." — " Vou have been in
France? " said my gentleman, turning
quick upon me, ivith the nwst civil
triumph in the -world. — "Strange!"
quoth I, debating the ynatter with
viYself "that one-and-twenty miles'
sailing . . . should give a man
these rights; I'll look into them." —
Sterne.



Kwang'chaU'Wan.



Situation. — ^Motives of Acquirement. — A
Naval Base. — Expenditure. — 'SI. Doumer's
Opinion. — Trade. — The Entrance. — Civil
Settlement. — Towns. — Administration. — ■
Military Settlement. — Prospects.



CHE old pirate haunt of Kwang-chau-
wan, or Quang Tcheou, as the
French prefer it, is the latest acquisition
by France in the Extreme Orient. It

I



K\VAN(;-("HAl-\VAX



was ceded by Cliina to France in i8y8 on
"lease," which is an apolofj^etic title for
preserving the (li


1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Online LibraryAlfred CunninghamThe French in Tonkin and South China → online text (page 1 of 9)