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BERKELEY \

LIBRARY

UNIVERSITY OF j
CALIFORNIA^/

EARTH

SCIENCES

LIBRARY



THE FAUNA OF BRITISH INDIA,



INCLUDING



CEYLON AND BURMA.

PUBLISHED I'NDEH THE AUTHORITY or THE SECRETARY Of
STATE FOR INDIA IN COUNCIL.

EDITED BY A. E. SHIPLEY, Sc.D. Cantab., HON. D.So. Princetom, F.R.S.
ASSISTED BY GUY A. K. MARSHALL, F.Z.S., F.K.S.



MOLLTISCA.-II.

(TROCHOMORPHID^E JANELLIDjE.)

BY

G. K. GUDE, F.Z.S.



LONDON:

TAYLOR AND FRANCIS, RED LION COURT, FLEET STREET.
CALCUTTA : I BOMBAY



THACKER, SPINK, & CO. THACKEE & CO., LIMITED.



November, 1914.









ALERK fh FLAM MAM.




POINTED BY TAYLOR AND FRANCIS,
KED LION COURT, FLEET STREET.



Cat. for
Earth
Sci. '




PREFACE.



THE first volume of the Land Mollusca, forming part of the
4 Fauna of British India' series, and comprising the families
of Testacellidse and Zonitidse, was issued in 1908 under the
joint authorship of the late Dr. W. T. Blanford and Lieut.-
Colonel H. H. Godwin- Austen.

It was at first anticipated that the second volume would
be the joint production of Lieut. -Colonel God win- Austen
and the present writer. Unexpected circumstances have,
however, unfortunately deprived me of the advantage of the
former's cooperation. This is the more to be regretted as it
involves the loss of a considerable quantity of additional
anatomical details, the result of his recent researches, which
would have greatly increased the value of the present
volume ; and, further, that his own collection and that of
the late Dr. Blanford both very rich in Indian Mollusca,
and both in the custody of the British Museum have in
consequence been inaccessible to me.

Very valuable assistance in the preparation of this work
has been rendered by many malacologists, both at home and
abroad. Foremost among L these I would thank Mr. E. A.
Smith and Mr. John H. Ponsonby for advice on many critical
points. The latter, besides giving me free access to his
extensive collection, has in addition very kindly looked
through the proofs and offered many valuable suggestions.
Mr. G. C. Leman, the present owner of the late Colonel
Beddome's collection unrivalled in its wealth of Indian
shells, has very generously placed much valuable material
at my disposal, and Mr. G. C. Robson has greatly facilitated



4723



IV

my research amongst the rich material in the National
Collection. Finally, I am under a deep obligation to the
following for the loan of specimens from their own collections
or from collections in their charge : Mr. John M. Clark, o
the State Museum, Albany, New York ; Dr. L. Doncaster, of
the University Museum of Zoology, Cambridge; Dr. Fritz
Haas, of the Senckenbergisches Museum, Frankfurt a/M.;
Mr. A. S. Kennard ; Major A. J. Peile; Mr. F. R. Rowley,
of the Royal Albert Memorial Museum, Exeter; Dr. R.
Sturany, of the Naturhistorisches Hofmuseum, Vienna ; and
Mr. B. B. Woodward.

G. K. GUDE.

London, November, 1914.



SYSTEMATIC INDEX.



Fam. 1. TROCHOMORPHIPJE



Page



Gen. 1. Trochomorpha, Albers. . 1

Subgen. ] . Sivella, Stanford. 3

1. castra, Bs 3

2. ceryx, Bs. 4

3. billeana, Morch 4

4. frauenfeldi, Zel 5

5. galerus, Bs 5

6. hyptiocyclos, Bs 5

7. percompressa, Blf. .... 6



Subgen. 2. Videna, H. A.

Adams .



8. andamanica, G.-A 6

9. bicolor, M ts 7

10. iopharynx, Morch .... 7

11. Ima, fft 7

12. pseudosanis, jFwft 8

13. sanis, .Ss 8

14. subnigritella, Bedd 9

1 5. sulcipes, Morch 9

var. major, Miirch. ... 9

16. trilineata, Morch 10



Fam. 2. ENDODONTID^ 10

Subfam. 1. Thysanotince 10

Gen. 1. Thysanota, Albers .... 10

1. tabida,P/r 10

2. guerini, Pfr 11

3. flavida, Gucle 12

4. crinigera, Bs 12

5. eumita, Sykes 12



Page

6. liispida, Sykes 13

7. elegans, Prest 13

Gen. 2. Glyptaulax, Gude 14

1. artificiosa, Bs 14

Gen. 3. Philalanka, Godwin-

Austtn 14

1. bilirata, Blf. 15

2. subbilirata, G.-A 15

3. liratula, Pfr 16

4. homfrayi, G.-A 16

5. tricarinata, Blf. 17

6. quinquelirata, Gude. ... 17

7. lamcabensis, Jouss 18

8. secessa, G.-A 19

9. daghoba, Blf. 19

10. pirrieana, Pfr 20

11. bidenticulata, Bs 20

12. trifilosa, Pfr 21

13. mononema, Bs 21

14. bolampattiensis. G.-A. . 22

15. febrilis, Blf. 22

16. tertiana, Blf. 22

17. thwaitesi, Pfr 23

var. auavis, Jouss 23

18. depressa, Prest 24

19. circumsculpta, Sykes . . 24

20. sinhila, G.-A 25



Gen. 4. Ruthvenia, Gude



25



1. retifera, Pfr. 20

2. clathratuloides. Gude . . 27

3. clathratula, Pfr. ....... 28

var. compressa, Sykes . 30

4. caliginosa, Sykes 30

5. biciliata, Pfr 31



IV

my research amongst the rich material in the National
Collection. Finally, I am under a deep obligation to the
following for the loan of specimens from their own collections
or from collections in their charge : Mr. John M. Clark, of
the State Museum, Albany, New York ; Dr. L. Doncaster, of
the University Museum of Zoology, Cambridge; Dr. Fritz
Haas, of the Senckenbergisches Museum, Frankfurt a/M. ;
Mr. A. S. Kennard; Major A. J. Peile; Mr. F. R. Rowley,
of the Royal Albert Memorial Museum, Exeter; Dr. R.
Sturany, of the Naturhistorisches Hofmuseum, Vienna ; and
Mr. B. B. Woodward.

G. K. GUDE.

London, November, 1914.



SYSTEMATIC INDEX.



Fam. 1. TROCHOMORPHIF^E



Page



Gen. 1. Trochomorpha, Albers.. 1

Subgen. 1 . Sivella, Blanford. 3

1. castra, Bs 3

2. ceryx, Bs. 4

3. billeana, Morch 4

4. frauenfeldi, ZeJ 5

5. galerus, Bs 5

6. hyptiocyclos, Bs 5

7. percompressa, Blf. .... 6

Subgen. 2. Videna, //. $ A.

Adams 6

8. andamanica, G.-A 6

9. bicolor, Mts 7

10. iopharynx, Morch .... 7

11. lardea,"^s 7

12. pseudosanis, Fult 8

13. sanis, Bs 8

14. subnigritella, Bedd 9

15. sulcipes, Morch 9

var. major, Miirch. ... 9

16. trilineata, Morch 10

Fam. 2. ENDODONTID^: 10

Subfam. 1. Thysanotince 10

Gen. 1. Thysanota, Albers 10

1. tabida, Pfr 10

2. guerini, Pfr 11

3. flavida, Gude 12

4. crinigera, Bs 12

5. euinita, Sykes 12



Page

6. hispida, Sykes 13

7. elegans, Presf 13

Gen. 2. Glyptaulax, Gude 14

1. artificiosa, Bs. ........ 14

Gen. 3. Philalanka, Godwin-
Austen 14

1. bilirata, Blf. 15

2. subbilirata, G.-A 15

3. liratula, Pfr 16

4. homfrayi, G.-A 16

5. tricarinata, Blf. 17

6. quinquelirata, Gude. ... 17

7. lamcabensis, Jouss 18

8. secessa, G.-A 19

9. daghoba, Blf. 19

10. pirrieana, Pfr 20

11. bidenticulata, Bs 20

12. trifilosa, Pfr 21

13. mononema, Bs 21

14. bolanipattiensis. G.-A. . 22
lo. febrilis, Blf. 22

16. terdana, Blf. 22

17. thwaitesi, Pfr 23

var. suavis, Jouss 23

18. depressa, Prest 24

19. circumsculpta, Sykes . . 24

20. sinhila, G.-A 25

Gen. 4. Ruthvenia, Gude 25

1. retifera, Pfr. 26

2. clathratuloides. Gude . . 27

3. clathratula, Pfr. ...... 28

var. compressa, Sykes . 30

4. caliginosa, Sykes 30

5. biciliata, Pfr 31



VJ



SYSTEMATIC INDEX.



Page

Gen. 5. Pupisoma, Stoliczka . , 33

1. lignicola, Stol 34

var. unidentata, G.-A. 35

2. constrictuin, G.-A 35

3. orcula, Bs 36

4. evezardi, Blf. 37

5. seriola, Bs 38

6. miccyla, Bs 38

7. cacharicum, G.-A 39

8. longstaffre, G.-A 39

Subfam. 2. Pyramidulince .... 41

Gen. 1. Pyramidula, Fitzinger.. 41

1. humilis, Bs 43

2. euoinphalus, Blf. 43

3. halyi, Jouss 44

Fam. 3. PHILOMYCID.E 480



Gen. 1. Incilaria, Bs.



480



1. campestris, G.-A 480

2. monticola, G.-A 481

Fam. 4. ARIONIDJE 468

Subfam. 1. Arioninee , 468

Gen. 1. Anadenus, Heynemann. 468

1. alti vagus, Theob 470

2. giganteus, Heynem 474

3. beebei, Ckll 475

4. modestus, Theob 476

5. schlagintweiti, Heynem. 477

6. ierdoni, G.-A 478

7. blanfordi, G.-A , 479

Fam. 5. HELICID^: 44

Subfam. 1. Acavinee 44

Gen. 1. Acavus, Montfort .... 44

1. baemastoma, L 45

var. melanotragus,

Born 46

var. conus, Pits 47

var. concolor, Pils. . . 47

2. fastosus, Alb 47

3. prosperus, Alb 48

4. phoenix, Pfr 49

5. superbus, Pfr 49

var. grevillei, Pfr. . . 50
var. roseolabiata, Nev. 51



Page

6. waltoni, Rv 51

var. polei, Collett 52

7. skinneri, Rv , . . . 52

Subfam. 2. Cor Minos 53

Gen. 1. Gorilla, Adams 53

1. adanisi, Gude 56

var. hinidunensis, Nev. 57

2. beddomese, Hani 57

3. anax, Bs 59

4. gudei, Sykes 60

5. humberti, Brot. ., 61

6. odontophora, Bs 62

7. fryee, Gude 64

8. erronea, Alb 66

var. erronella, Gude . . 67

9. carabinata, Per G7

10. colletti, Sykes 69

Gen. 2. Plectopylis, Benson . . 69

Sect. 1. Endothyra, Gude . . 75

1. minor, G.-A 75

2. hanleyi, G.-A 77

3. blanda, Gude 77

4. macromphalus, Blf. . . . . 79

5. sowerbyi, Gude ....... 80

0. plectostoma, Bs 81

var. tricarinata, Gude . 83

var. exserta, Gude. ... 83

7. affinis, Gude 84

8. pinacis, Bs 86

9. fultoni, G.-A 87

Sect. 2. Cherssecia, Gude 89

10. muspratti, Gude ...... 89

11. austeni, Gude 90

12. oglei, G.-A 92

13. serica, G.-A 93

14. munipurensis, G.-A. . . 94

15. nagaensis, G.-A. ...... 96

16. kentungensis, Gude .... 97

17. leiophis, Bs 99

18. refuga, Old- 102

19. perrierse, Gude 103

20. shiroiensis, G.-A 105

21. perarcta, Blf. 106

22. brachydiscus, G.-A 108

23. dextrorsa, Bs 110

24. shanensis, Stol Ill

25. brahma, G.-A 113

26. andersoni, Blf. 114



SYSTEMATIC INDHX.



Vll



Page

Seqt 3. Endoplon, Gude. ... 115

27.. smitbiana, Glide 115

28. brachyplecta, Bs 117

Sect. 4. Plectopylis, s.s. Gude 119

29. ponsonbyi, G.-A 119

30. lissochlamys, Gude .... 121

31. magna, Gude 122

32. \voodthorpei, Gude .... 124

33. leucochila, Gude 126

34 feddeni, Blf. 128

35. cairnsi, Gude 129

36. qyclaspis, Bs 130

37. karenorum, Blf. 132

38. linterse, Mlldff. 134

var. fusca, Gude .... 136

39. anguina, Gld 136

40. bensoui, Gude , . . 138

var. repercussoides,

Gude 141

var. infrafasciata,6rttfe 142

var. castanea, Gude . . 143

var. obesa, Gude .... 143

var. venusta, Glide . . 144

var. brafipiioHy Gude. . 145

41. repercussa, Gld 146

Sub fain. 3. Cameenmee 1 49

Gen. 1. Camrena (Afters), Pils-



bnj



149



1. noetliDgi, Mts 150

2. ochtlioplax, Bs 150

3. saturuia, Gld 151

Gen. 2. Oreobba, Pilsbry .... 152

.1. codonodes, Pfr 152

Gen. 3. Planispira, Beck 153

Subgen. 1. Trachia, Albers. . 153

1. albicostis, Pfr 155

2. asperella, Pfr 155

3. atkinsoni, Theob 156

4. contracta, Bs. 157

5. fallaciosa, Fer 157

6. crassicostata, Bs 158

7. .colletti, Bedd 159

8. foo'ei, Stol 159

9. nilagerica, Pfr 159

10. nagporensis, Pfr 160

11. ruginosa, Fer 161

12. sordida, Pfr 161



Page

13. proxima, Fer 162

14. arnistrongi, Smith .... 163

15. trochalia, Bs 164

16. vittata, Mull 164

var. albina, Grot 165

17. sbanica, Bedd 166

18. fritillata, Bs 166

Gen. 4. Chloritis, Beck 166

Subgen. 1. Chloritis, s. 8.

1. bifoveata, Bs 167

Subgen. 2. Trichocliloritis,

Pilsbry. .,. 168

2. propmqua, Pfr 169

3. helferi, Bs. ' 170

4. leitbi, Gude 1 70

5. wimberleyi, G.-A 171

5. delibrata, Bs 172

var. procumbens, Gld. 172

var. faeciata, G.-A. . . 173

. var. kbasiensis, Nev. . . 173

7. gabata, Gld 173

var. nierguiensis, Phil. 174

8. hemiopta, Bs 174

9. cyclotrema, Bs. .=..., 175

10. anserina, Theob 175

11. theobaldi, Gude 176

Gen. 5. Amphidromua, Albers . 177

1. Janus, Pfr 178

2. atricallosus, Gld 179

3. moniliferus, Gld 180

4. syllieticus, Rv 180

5. liiasoni, G.-A 181

6. lepidus, Gld. 181

7. sinensis, Bs 182

var. vicaiia, Fult 183

var. gracilis, Fult 184

8. andamanicus, H. fy T. . . 184

Subgen. 2. Beddomea, Nevill 185

9. trifasciatus, Gm 187

var. rufopicta, Bs 188

10. bontise, Chemn 188

11. physalis, Bs 189

12. albizonatis, Rv 189

var. simoni, Jouss. . . 190

13. intermedius, Pfr 191

14. ceylanicus, Pfr 191

15. calcadensis, Blf. 192

Gen. 6. Apatetes, Gude 193

1. bourdiiloni, Theob. .... 193



Till



SYSTEMATIC INDEX.



Page
Gen. 7. Ganesella, Blf. 193

1. acris, Bs 194

2. scenoma, Bs 195

3. capitium, Bs 196

var. hariola, Bs 197

4. galea, Bs 198

Subfam. 4. Helicince 198

Gen. 1. Eulota, Hartmann 198

1. bolus, Bs 199

2. cestus, Bs 200

3. siinilaris, Per 200

4. extrusa, Tapp 202

5. zoroaster, Theob 202

6. schanorum, Mild/. 203

7. scalptiuita, Bs 203

8. pilidion, Bs 204

9. peguensis, Bs 205

10. radicicola, Bs 205

var. elatior, Mts 206

Gen. 2. Cathaica, Mlldff. .... 207

Subgren. 1. Campy locathaica,

Andreae 207

1. niataianensis, Nev 208

2. phaeozona, Mts 208

3. bactriana, Hutt 209

var. burmanica, Gude . 209



Gen. 3. Plectotropis, von Mar-
tens ................



1. kuttom, /y>.... - - : ..

var. savadiensis, Nev.
var. radleyi, Jouss. . .

2. oldhami, Bs .........

3. nutans, Gude ........

4. tapeina, Bs ...........

var. theobaldiana,
Tapp ......... ....

var. akowtongensis,
Theob ...........

var. perplanata, Nev.

var. bhamoensis, Nev.

5. arakanensis, Theob .....



Gen. 4. /Egista, von Martens .

1 . phayrei, Theob

2. catostoma, Blf.

3. emensa, G.-A

4. clara, G.-A.

5. mitanensis, G.-A. . . .

6. congener, Prest

7. coeni, Prest



210

211

211
212
212
213



216

216
216
217
503

217

218
219
220
220
221
221
222



Page
Gen. 5. Vallonia, Risso ...... 222

1. pulchella, Mutt 223

2. costata, Mull 225

3. ladakensis, Nev 226

4. miserrima, Gude 227

Fam. 6. ENID^E 228

Gen. 1. Ena, Turton 228

Subgen. 1. Mirus, Aiders . . 230

1. ceratina, Rv 230

2. nilagirica, Pfr 231

3. proletaria, Pfr 232

4. hanleyana, Kob 232

5. stalix, Bs 233

6. vicaria, Blf. 234

7. panos, Bs 234

8. smithei, Bs 235



Subgen. 2. Subzebrinus, Wes-
terlund . .



9. vibex, Kilst

10. linteree, Kob

11. boysiana, Rv

12. arcuata, Kilst

13. nivicola, Rv

14. huttoni, Pfr

15. eous, Rv

16. kuna\vurensis, Rv.

17. candelaris, Pfr

18. sindica, Rv

19. domina, Bs ,

20. longstaffi, Gude ,

21. eremita, Rv

22. salsicola, Bs

23. ccelebs, Pfr

21. pretiosa, Rv

25. mainwaringiana, Nev. .

var. tumida, Gude .
var. dominula, Gude

26. rufistrigata, Rv

var. gracilis, H. fy T.



236

236
237
238
239
240
241
242
242
243
245
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
253
254



Subgen. 3. Serina, Gredler ~. 254

27. tandianiensis, Kob. .

28. kuluensis, Kob

29. beddomeana, Nev. .

var. typica, Theob.
var. turrita, Theob.
var. pusilla, Theob.

30. hazarica, Gude

31. nevilliana, Theob.



255
256
256
256
256
257
258



SrSTEMATTC INDEX.



Page
Gen. 2. Pupoides, Pfeiffer 259

1. ccenopictus, Hiitt 259

'2. larchus, Pfr 261

3. tutulus > Rv 261

Gen. 3. Cerastus, von Martens . 262

1. abyssinicus, Pfr 263

2. fairban ki, Pfr 264

3. malabaricus, Pfr 264

4. jerdoni, JRv 265

var. redfieldi, Pfr. . . 206

5. moussonianus, Pet 267

6. segregatus, Rv 268

7. densus, Pfr 269

8. distans, Pfr 270

var. cbarbonnieri, Pfr. 271

Gen, 4. Rachisellus, Bourgui-

gnat 271

1. adumbratus, Pfr 272

2. trutta, Elf. 273

3. beng-alensis, Lam 274

4. pvaetermissus, Elf. .... 275

5. pulcher, Gray 276

6. punctatus, Ant 277

Gen. 5. Edouardia, Glide .... 280
1. orbus, Elf. 280



Fam. 7. PUPILLIDJE



281



Gen. 1. Pupilla, Turton 281

1. muscorum, L 282

var. asiatica, Mlldff. . . 283

2. eurina, Bs 283

3. seriola, Bs 284

4. diopsis, Bs 284

5. gutta, Bs 285

6. barrackporeusis, Gude. . 285

7. (ringbalensia, Gude 286

8. muscerda, Bs 286

9. filosa, Theob. $ Stol. . . 2c7

10. brevieostis, Bs 288

11. salemensis, Blf. 289

Gen. 2. Columella, Wester hmd

(Sphy radium, auct.) . . 40

1. himalayanum, Bs 41

Gen. 3. Bifidaria, Sterki 290

1. bathyodon, Bs. 290

2. huttoniana, Bs 291

3. avanica, Bs 292



Page

4. mimula, Bs 292

5. serrula, Bs 993

Gen. 4. Boysidia, Ancey 293

1. plicidens, Bs 294

2. salwiniana, Theob 295

Gen. 5. Boysia, Pfeiffer 296

1. boysi, Pfr 297

Gen. 6. Hypselostoma. Benson . 298

1 . tubiferum, Bs 298

2. bensonianum, Elf. .... 299

3. dayanum, Stol. 300

Fam 8. CLAUSILIID^E 301

Gen. 1. Clausilia, Draparnaud 301

Subgen. 1. Phaedusa, H. $ A.

Adams 305

Sect. 1. Euphsedusa, Boettger 305

1. bacillum, H. $ T. 305

2. waageni, Stol 307

3. ios, Bs 308

4. ceylanica, Es 309

5. theobaldi, Elf. 310

6. burmanica, Gude 311

7. montieoln., Elf. 311

8. arakana, Stol 312

9. lemani, Gude 313



Sect. 2. Pseudonenia,

Boettger

10. gouldiana, Pfr.

var. magna, Gude .

11. andersoniaiaa, Mlldff

12. gracilior, H. & T. .

13. insignis, Gld

14. fusiformis, Blf.

15. ferruginea, Blf.

16. asaluensis, Blf. . . ..

17. loxostoma, Bs

18. nevilliana, Mlldf. .
19 shanica, G.-A

20. wuellerstorfi, Zel. . . .

21 . nicobarica, Gude .. . .



314

314
316
317
318
319
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328



Subgen. 2. Garnieria, Bottr-

guignat 329

22: tuba, Hani 330

23. mafconi, Theob. 331

b



SYSTEMATIC INDEX.



Page
Subgen. 3. Oospira, Stanford. 332

24. bulbus, Ss 332

2o. philippiana, Pfr 333

26. ovata, Elf. 334

27. stoliczkana, Sykes .... 335

28. vespa, Old 336

Subgen. 4. Cylindrophaedusa,

Boektger 337

29. cylindrica, Pfr 337

30. turritella, Sowb 3a9



Fam. 9. ACHATINID^E 339

Subfam. 1. Achatinince 339

Gen. 1. Achatina, Lamarck . . 339

1. fusca, Fer 340

Subfam. 2. Stenoyyrina 341

Gen. 1. Subulina, Beck 341

1. octona, Brug 341



Gen. 2. Bacillum, Theobald . . 343

daflaense, G.-A 343

erosurn, Blf. 344

theobaldi, Hani. . . 344

casiacum, Rv . 345

muspratti, Gude 346

obtusum, Blf. 347

orthoceras, G.-A 348

var. austeni, Pils. . . 348



Gen. 3. Curvella, Chaper 348

1. sikkimensis, Rv 349

2. blanfordi, Gude 350

3. scrobiculata, Blf. 350

4. pusilla, Blf. 351

5. puta, Bs 351

6. plicifera, Blf. . .. : 352

7. munipurensis, G.-A. . . 352

8. khasiana, G.-A 353

Gen. 4. Opeas, Albers 354

1. gracile, Hutt 355

var. panayensis, Pfr. . 357

var. cereus, Rv 357

2. prestoni, Sykes 358

3. innocens, Pre&t 358

4. latebricola, Rv. ...... 358



Page

5. manse, Jouss 359

6. nevilli, G.-A 360

7. layardi, Bs 360

8. sykesi, Pils 361

9. ? pusilla, H. Ad 361

Gen. 5. Prosopeas, March .... 362

1. hebes, Blf. 352

2. terebrale, Theob 363

3. walkeri, Bs 363

4. pealei, Try on 364

5. haughtoni, Bs 364

6. achaten, March 365

7. roepstorffi, Morch 366

Gen. 6. Zootecus, Westerlund.. 366

1. insularis, Ehrb 367

2. estellus, Bs 369

3. pertica, Bs 370

4. polygyratus, Rv 370

5. pullus, Gray 371

6. agrensis, Kurr 372

7. chiou, Pfr 373



Fain. 10. FERUSSACID^ 373

Gen. 1. Csecilioides, Herrmann-
sen 373

Subgen. 1. Geostilbia, Crosse. 374

1. balanus,^v 374

2. bensoni, Gude 375

Gen. 2. Coilostele, Benson 376

1. scalaris, Bs 376

Gen. 3. Glessula, von Mortens. 377

1. tenuispira, Bs 378

2. baculina, Blf. 379

3. pertenuis, Blf. 380

var. major, Blf. 381

4. shiplayi, Pfr 381

5. nilagirica,'^v 382

6. hebes, Pfr 382

7. fairbanki, Bs 383

8. vadalica, Bs 384

9. tamulica, Blf. 385

10. perrotteti, Pfr 386

11. prselustris, Bs 386

12. huegeli, Pfr 387

13. burrailensis, G.-A 387



SYSTEMATIC INDEX.



XI



Page

14. butleri, G.-A 388

15. chessom, Bs 388

16. tornensis, Blf. 389

17. subtornensis, Gude .... 390

18. textilis, Blf. 390

19. subserena, Bedd 391

20. indica, Gude 392

21. senator, Hani 393

22. isis, Hani 393

23. subperrotteti, Bedd. 394

24. canarica, Bedd. . . , 394

25. anamullica, Blf. 395

26. inornata, Pfr 395

var. minor, Bedd 395

27. lankana, Pits 396

28. subinornata, Bedd 396

var. minor, Bedd 397

29. reynelli, Gude 397

var. inimitis, Gude . . 398

30. beddoniei, Blf. 398

31. pallens,J9ta 399

32. prestoni, Gude 400

33. bollampattiana, Hani. . . 401

34. parabilis, Bs 402

35. fusca, Pfr. . , 402

36. ceylanica, Pfr. 403

37. punctogallana, Pfr 403

38. nitena, Gray 404

39. fulgeris, Pfr 405

40. pansetha, Bx 406

41. serena, Bs 406

42. sinhila, Prcst 407

43. layardi, Pil* 407

44. deshayesi, Pfr 408

45. pachycheila, Bs 409

var. taprobanica, Pits. 409

46. pyramis, Bs 409

47. leptospira, Bs 410

48. sisparica, Gude 410

49. tenuitesta, Gude 411

50. riotigena, Bs 412

51. sarissa, Bs 412

52. veruina, Bs 413

53. hastula, Bs 414

54. corrosula, Pfr 414

55. blanda, Gude 415

56. bensoniana, Pfr 415

57. tinnevellica, Gude .... 416

58. travancorica, Gude .... 417

59. jeyporensis, Bedd. . . . 417

60. jerdoni, Rv 418

61. singhurensis, Blf. .... 418

62. amentum, Rv 419

63. ganjamensis, Gude . . , . 420

64. facula, Bs 421



Page

65. illustris, G.-A 421

66. botellus, Bs 422

67. oropliila, Rv 423

68. arthuri, Bs 423

69. oreas, Rv 424

70. pseudoreas, Nev 425

var. subdeshayesiana,

Nev ' 425

71. crassilabris, Bs 426

72. uaja, Pils 426

73. ornbia, Bs 427

74. scrutillus, Bs 427

75. gemma, Rv 428

var. frurcentum, Rv. . . 429

76. crassula, Rv 429

77. pulla, Blf. 430

78. malabarica, Gude 430

79. paupercula, Blf. 431

var. nana, Bedd. .... 431

80. sattaraensis, H. fy T. .. 432

81. capillacea, 'Pfr 432

82. ccllette, Sykes 433

83. subjerdoni, Bedd 434

84. gracilis, Bedd 434

85. neglecta, Gude 435

86. pusilla, Bedd 436

87. courtallica, Gude 436

88. mullorum, Blf. 437

89. blanfordiana, Nev 437

90. peguensis, Blf. 438

91. brevis, Pfr. '. 439

92. filosa, Blf. 440

var. exigua, Gude. . . . 441

93. subfilosa, Bedd 441

94. lyrata, Blf. 441

var. matheranica, Blf. 442

95. rugata, Blf. 442

96. latestriata, Mlldff. 443

97. simoni, Jouss 444

Gen. 4. Digoniaxis, Jousseaume. 444
1. cingalensis, Bs 444

Fam. 11. SUCCINIIDJE 445

Gen. 1. Succinia, Draparnand . 445

1. indica, Pfr 447

2. plicata, Blf, 448

3. rutilans, Blf. 448

4. godivariana, Gude .... 449

5. collina, H. . $ T. 449

var. aurantiaca, Blf. . . 450



SYSTEMATIC INDEX.



Page

6. girnarica, Theob. ...... 451

var. viridescens, Gude. 451

7. rugosa, Pfr 451

8. semiserica, Gld 452

9. baconi, Pfr 452

10. daucina, Pfr 453

11. crassinuclea, Pfr 453

12. vitrea, Pfr 454

13. hanleyi, Gude 455

14. subgranosa, Pfr.. . . 456;

15. bensoni, Pfr 456.

16. ceylaniea,'P#- 456

Wen. 2. Lithotis^ Blanford .... 457

1. rupicola, Elf. 458

2. tumida, Blf... 459

var. subcostal a-ta, Elf. 460

Gea. 3. Camptoeeras,. Benson . . 460

1. terebra, Bs 461

2. au&teni, H. F. Blf. 462

3. lineatum, H. F. Blf. . . 463



Gen. 4. Camptonyx, Benson . . 465
1. theobaldi, Bs. 465



Pap

Fam. 10. VAGINFLID^E 481

Gen. 1. Vagmulus, Fer 481

1. alte, Ftr 482:

2. frauenfeldi, Semp 483

3> templetoni, Humb 484

4. niaoulatus, TempL .... 485

5. reticulatus, West 487

6. sarasinorum, Simr 487

7. birrnanicus, Theob 487

8. proximus, Tapp 489*

9. andersonianus, Tapp. . . 490
10. giganteus, G.-A 491

Gen. 2. Leonardia, Tapparone

Canefm 492:

1. nevilliana, Tapp. . 492:



Fam. 11. JANELLIDJE K .



496



Gen. 1. Hyalimax, H. $ A.

Adams . . 49&

Subgen. 1. Jarava, G.-A. . . 497

1. andamanica, G.-A 498

var. puuctuiata, Cktt. .. 501

2. reinhardti, Morch .... 501

3. viridis, Theob 501



EHEATA.



Page 38, delete Pupisoma seriola.
., 94, 7th line from- the bottom, for Shiroifurar read the Shiroiftirar

Peak.

97, 4th line, for Lauier Eiver read Lanier River..
105, 4th line from the bottom, after Shiroifurar add Peak.
343, 15th line from the bottom, for Bacillum doflaensis read

Bacillum daflaense.
350, llth line from the bottom, for Curvella scrobiculatus read.

Curvella scrobiculata.

361, 14th line from the bottom, for Opeas ? pusillus read Opsas (
gusilium.



Family TEOCHOMORPHID^.

Genus TROCHOMORPHA, Albert.
Trochomorpha, Albers, Die Heliceen, 1850, p. 116; Martens, Die




London, i, 1895, p. 284.
TYPE, Helix trochiformis, Fer., from Tahiti.

Range. India, Burma, Andaman and Nicobar Islands ; Farther
India and adjacent islands ; China and Formosa ; Japan and
Loo-Choo Islands ; Malaysia ; Philippine Islands ; New Gruinea,
Admiralty and Louisiade Archipelagoes; Pelew, Caroline, Mar-
shall, Solomon, New Hebrides, Fiji, Navigator, Tonga, Society,
and Sandwich Islands.

Original description: "Testa trochiformis, plerumque aperta
umbilicata, angulata vel carinata, apice obtusa, striatula, opaca,
subsolida, fusca, concolor vel fasciata; arifr. 5-8, supra et infra
plauati ; apertura depressa, obliqua, secunformis vel angustius
lunata, peristoma rectum, simplex, margine columellare saepius
paulum incrassato, sensim in basalem trariseunte.

Maxilla laevis, arcuata, medio saepius rostrata. Pallium non
ultra aperturam testae productuin." (Martens, 1867.)

The genus Trochomorpha was established by Albers in 1850.
He included sixteen species, not only of Asiatic and Polynesian
origin, but also one from Central America, two from the Ber-



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