Alfred Wyman Hoar.

Lineage and family records of Alfred Wyman Hoar and his wife Josephine Jackson; with notes on the early history of Wright County, Minnesota ... online

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— OF—




Monticello, Minn., February, 1898.




9 ^^.^






Delano, Minn.:

Eagle Printing Co.



The object of this work is to preserve the family
records of our lines, and we have recorded in a con-
densed form many of the events in the lives of our

The Hoar family records from 1759, Hunt from
1727, Wyman from 1769, Jackson from a genealogy
of the family by Francis Jackson, of Boston, Mass.,
and records of C. B. Jackson; McCobb's from printed
pedigree by Samuel McCobb Crooker are to be found
in this book, with our own to the present time. The
histories of New England towns, as far as they relate
to our families, have been carefully compared. We
regret that we could not examine our lines more in
the old county, but the coat of arms of Hoar and
Hunt are here inserted. We are indebted to Hon.
George F. Hoar, of Worcester, Mass., and Charles
Horr, of Athol, for many favors; also to Parker M.
Reed, of Bath, Me., and others in my wife's line.
The full births, &c, in our lines will be found under
the head of the several families Towns where state
is not mentioned are in Massachusetts. The usual
abbreviations are used.

As we were connected with the early settlement
of our county we have recorded a few notes of its





When or where our race or family first became
known as a distinct family cannot be traced. Asia
is regarded as the birthplace of man, and we may be
said to have come from the Indo- Germanic race.
Caesar invaded EnglandinB. C. 55 The inhabitants
then were Celtic, kindred to the Gauls. It was not
until A. D. 43 that Claudius began the real conquest.
The Romans abandoned the country before the mid-
dle of the Fifth century. In 449 the Anglo-Saxons,
led by Hengist with his brother, Horsa, landed in
England with 300 men and were employed against
the Picts and Scots. Horsa is said to have been
killed in battle A. D. 455. This invasion is a matter
of history, whether the names of these princes are
correct or not. As we know that our family name
was known in England as far back as the Twelfth
century, we may have been connected with this

The coat of arms of the "Hoare Family" of
England is here shown more as an object lesson of
the history of our race, than for personal use. "An
eagle displayed with two heads within a brodure
engrailed" is found on all the shields of the Hore,
Hoore, Hoare and Hoar families.

"The crest is the uppermost device of a coat of
arms and is as ancient as devices on shields."

Ours in America is an eagle, head erased, a ring
in its beak, or,

The eagle was at an early date adopted as the
symbol of royal power. Nenophon relates that the

i!,i d

kings of the Medes bore a golden eagle on their
shields. From the time of Marius it was the princi-
pal emblem of the Roman republic, and the only
standard of the legons; first silver, then gold.

The double-headed eagle was in use among the
Byzantine emperors to indicate their claims to (^he
empire, both of the east and west. Afterwards the
eagle was adopted by the Russian, Austrian and
German emperors. The German, under Albert First,
became the double-headed eagle as the successors of
the Roman emperors. The English herald^ dates
from the Tournaments, found on tombs in the
Eleventh century, and became common in the Twelfth

We have shown that our arms were the arms of
dominion and sovereignty.

Arms of assumption are:

1st. Those taken by persons who assume them
without a legal title.

2nd. Arms assumed by the approbation of their
sovereign. The surnames of persons in families is
said to have been fixed in England at or about the
conquest (1066). One name was generally used.
The Romans had three. It appears that the name of
Hoare (spelled in various ways) was well known in
the Twelfth century from Kent to Gloucestershire.

Our line came from Gloucester, England. This
place was a Roman station, and the Saxons named
it Gleau-Ceaster. It is on the left bank of the river
Severn, 95 m. w. by n. of London.

The date of the settlement of our ancesters in
Gloucester is unknown, but that we are of Saxon
blood cannot be doubted. It is probable that our
line on the male side married into Roman families.
We are of a migratory race, even down to the pres-
ent time. Our characteristic qualities, amid all the
changes of the past, still cling to us as a family.
Combativeness is as strong today as in the time of
the Crusaders, when perhaps the coat of arms was


Hunt A. D. 1286—1635.

bestowed upon our ancestors. We came, perhaps,
from Horsa, as we have said, certainly from a fight-
ing race.

"Venit Hora 1 ' and "In Ardua" are mottoes that
clearly expresses our character.

Approbativeness is another trait of our ancesters.
We wish to be well thought of at home and abroad.
In size, of the German type, bald headed at quite an
early age. Many are dark with piercing black eyes,
but the majority are of a lighter complexion.

Of the first Charles Hoare, of Gloucester, Eng.,
but little is known. He died in 1636 and left a will,
and appears to have been a person of note in that
place. The "coat of arms" of the "Hoare Family"
were used by the Gloucester family. The following
is a copy by Chitty & Phillips, London, of a visita-
tion to Gloucestershire in 1623:

"The visitation in the year A. D. 1623. Henry
Clifford, of Frampton, of-da-and heire to Hoore,
arms Quarterly of Sixteen — 4th sable, a double-headed
eagle displayed within a brodure, engrailed, Argent,

His son, the 2nd Charles, also lived in the same
place. He was alderman of the city from 1632 to
1638. Sheriff in 1634 He left a will dated Sept. 25,
1638. "Prerogative Court of Canterbury, Doctors
Commons, Adm'ion granted Dec. 31, 1638 to Joane
Hoare the relict." (Will with notes by G. F. Hoar).
He appears to have left quite a large estate and was
a man much engaged in public affairs. His widow,
with her five children, John, Daniel, Joanna, Leonard
and Margerie came to this country in 1639-40, and
settled in Braintree, Mass.

About this date many families, who brought
much wealth, came to New England. The cause of
this emigration would appear to arise from the
troublesome times in England. Charles I. became
king in 1625. For eleven years he called no parlia-
ment, and people were led to believe that the Catho-
lic Church was in favor, also that he wished to

introduce the form of government existing in France.
Parliament was called in April, 1640, for only a few

Then came the long parliament, and the civil war
began late in 1642.

Charles I. was condemned and executed in Lon-
don Jan. 30, 1649.

There is no doubt but that our line at the time of
the second Charles Hoare belonged to the parliament
side and were strong supporters of the Protestant
faith, and this line of the Hoar family would proba-
bly never have had to be recorded if Joane and her
son John had remained in England.

Joanna (Joane in will) the widow of the second
Charles, died in Braintree, Sunday, Dec. 20, 1661.
The meaning of the name (grace of the Lord) seems
very happily merited. She was buried in the old
Ouincy cemetery with her son Leonard and his wife
and daughter.

John Hoare, the first in our line in this country,
first settled in Scituata, Mass., in 1643, and bore
arms the same year. He was a lawyer, and noted
"for his bold, independent mind and action."

He had a farm on the west of litt tie Mascp^ashart
Pond. While here he appears to have been engaged
in the business of the town, drafting deeds, bonds, &c.

We have not the date of his taking the freeman's
oath. This oath was first printed at Cambridge,
Mass., in 1639. Before a person could exercise the
right of suffrage, or hold public office, he must be
made freeman by the general or quarterly court. He
must be a member of some Congregational Church.
Afterwards modified in 1664 (Oath inNew Eng. His).
He removed to Concord, Mass., in 1660, and our an-
cestors remained there until about 1790. He continu-
ed the practice of the law, except at one time he was
prohibited from practicing, except his own cases, for
not attending church, and speaking slightingly of one
of the ministers. He took great interest in the wel-
fare of the Indians, and built a house on his place for

the Christian Indians. They at the time of King
Philip's war were under his care by order of the gen-
eral court.

Capt. Samuel Mosely with 103 men took these
Christian Indians (the Nashobahs) away from Mr.
Hoare's place, insulted Mr. Hoare and plundered the
poor, helpless Indians of all they had, and sent them,
58 in number, (12 only able-bodied men) to Boston
under guard of some 20 rough and brutal soldiers.
Afterwards they were sent to Deer Island. The cap-
tain went on his wa\ unrebuked, although the whole
court were indignant.

Feb. 10, 1676, Mrs. Mary Rowlandson and child,
both wounded, wife of the minister at Lancester,
Mass., were taken prisoners at that place. Efforts
were made to secure her release, but without success,
until Mr. Hoare by the desire of her husband made
the attempt. Under date of April 28, 1676, he left
Lancester with two guides, Xepphonet and Peter
Tatatiquinea and met the hostile Indians at Wachu-
sett Lake (now in Princeton. Mass.) May 2, 1676.
He took £20 and some goods and secured her release,
although King Philip refused his consent. They
returned to Lancester and she went to Boston May
7th. It is said no other person in the colony could
have secured her release.

His brother Daniel returned to England, was
engaged in trade with the Colonies. Was in Boston
in 1653.

His brother Leonard graduated from Harvard
College in 1650, took degree of Doctor of Medicine,
returned to England and settled as a clergyman in
Wenstead, Essex Co. Married Bridget Lisle, daugh-
ter of John Lisle of Magles Court, Co. Southampton.
He was one of the judges who condemned Charles I.
He had to leave the,country and was murdered at
Lausanne. He married Alice, daughter and co-heir
of Sir White Beconsame, Kent. She was beheaded by
order of Judge Jeffries at Manchester in 1685.


Leonard returned with his wifeto Boston, Mass.,
in July 1672, and preached for a short time as assist-
ant at the South Church. He was soon called to be
president of Harvard College, December 1672. "At
his inauguration the college was thinly attended and
badly supported. With little profit and much
anxiety, discipline was badly supported and he
retired in 1675." (Clop. Am. Lit., vol. 1, p. 8.)
"Epitaph wrote for the Tomb of
Leonard Hoar, Doctour of
Phisick, who departed this life
In Boston the 28 November.
Was interred* here the 6 December
And was aged 45 years.
Anno Dom. 1675.
Three precious friends under this tombstone lie
Patterns to aged, youth, and infancy,
A great mother, her learned son, with child,
The first and least went free, he was exil'd
In love to Christ, this country, and dear friends,
He left his own, crosse'd seas, and for amends
Was here extoll'd, envy'd, all in a breath,
His noble consort leaves, is drawn to death.
Stranger changes may befall us ere we die,
Blest they who well arrive eternity."

Mrs. Bridget Hoar wife of Leonard m. 2d Hezekiah
Usher 1686. They did not live together long. She
went to England in 1687. She had two daughters,
one died young. The other, Bridget, married in Lon-
don June 21, 1689, Thomas Cotton, who was born
at or near Worthy, England 1657, d. 1730.

Mrs. Bridget Cotton was willed by her step-
father, Mr Usher, the tumbler with the "Arms of
Hoare" engraved thereon. He says in his will that
the reason that she did not receive more was on
account of her mother trying to get something from
him, and further he did not see but that one head was
enough for the eagle. (See Suffolk Co. Pro. Reg. B.
11, P. 318.)

*Quinc3 r cemetery.


Joane, sister of John, married Col. Edmund
Quuktv July 26,1648, Braintree, son of Edmund and
Judith Quincy, who came to New England Sept. 4,
1 633 . They had eight children .

Margerie, sister of John, m. 1st Mathew,

m. 2d Rev. Henry Flynt, of Braintree, Mass.
He came to New England 1635. Ordained church at
Braintree 1639.

John Quincy Adams was a descendant from her.

Daniel Hoar, son of John, in our line, lived in Con-
cord and was a man much respected.

Some of his sons moved to other towns in New
England. The letter "e" seems to have been dropped
from our name at this date.

Lieut. Daniel, son of Daniel, lived in Concord
about a mile easterl\ r of center.

The arms of the Hoare's are carved on his tomb-
stone. The motto "Paternal Coat Arms "

Whether the shield of this came from England we
do not know, but a shield of the coat of arms was in
his grandson's family, and passed into some cousin's
of my father, where it cannot be farther traced. His
epitaph reads: "By honest industry and economy
he acquired a handsome fortune for a man in private
character. He enjoyed a long life and uninterrupted
state of health, blessings that ever attend exercise
and temperance."

Of his sons, Jonathan graduated at Harvard
College in 1740. Was an officer in the Provincial
service 1744 to 1763. At Crown Point aide to Maj.
Gen. Winslow; lieutenant colonel in 1756; colonel
May 10, 1762. Afterwards went to England and
was appointed governor of Newfoundland and he
died on his passage hither.

His brother Daniel settled in Narragansett No. 2
(Westminster) 1740-1 and was one of the most
capable and influential men in the early settlement
of that town. Was captain of a company of infan-
try and held town office for a long time. He lived
most of the time on lot No. 11 which he bought of


his father. He owned one slave. His brother John
also was one of the early proprietors of Narragan-
sett No. 2. The following are some of the lines from
Lieut. Daniel:

Capt. Daniel, John, John.

Capt. Stephen; John, Samuel.

Ezra, Jock, Samuel.

S. R. Heywood, Banker, Hon. George F. Hoar,
Worcester. Senator, Mass.

Many of Lieut. Daniel's descendents are well
known as public men in the history of this country,
and also known as keepers of public houses. History
of Groton, Mass., says that the female line there are
famous for making pumpkin pies.

Timothy, youngest son of the lieutenant, lived,
my father says, on his father's farm at Concord.

He appears to have been a man of property, and
owned land in Westminster, Mass., at an early

He died soon after Grandfather Timothy moved
to Westminster. Grandfather Timothy was born in
Concord, Mass. When sixteen years old he was
milking the cows on that April morning (19, 1775)
when the British soldiers were marching to Concord.
He left the milk in the barn and went into the house,
exclaiming to his mother, "How handsome their
coats were with shining buttons."

He lost his milk that morning.

His services in the Revolutionary war, as reported
by the secretary of state of Massachusetts, is as fol-
lows: "Appears signed to a receipt for sevrice in the
Continental army, dated Concord, May 14, 1778."

"Appears with rank of Matross on muster and
pay roll of Capt. Jonathan W. Edes, 4th Co. Col.
Craft's Artillery from Feb. 1, 1777, to May 8,
1777. Belonged to Concord. Appears in a list of
men drafted from Capt. George Minot's Co. of Con-
cord to go to Rhode Island on alarm of July 23,
1777. Rank Private.

Appears with rank of Private on muster and pay


roll of Capt. Edward Richardson's Co., Col. Thomas
Poor's Regiment, enlisted June 14, 177S; discharged
Jan. 16, 1779.*

In 1789 he removed to Westminster, Mass.. and
settled on lot 101, which his father had owned since
1761. His brother Jonathan first settled on it, but
returned to Concord. Grandfather was to have the
home place in Concord, but his brother returning he
went to try the new place. His wife, with a child a
few weeks old, rode horseback to their new home (30
miles). For many years he had land to clear and at
first the house was small, but he built a brick house
large enough to hold his increasing family. The old
brick fireplace in the back kitchen was ample enough
to stow away a half cord of wood, and father tells
me that his hair stood on end when the minister used
to use those live coals in the fireplace to illustrate
the nature of hell, whose heat is immeasurable. In
my childhood days I can remember the pleasant mo-
ments that were spent at parties in those back kitch-
ens, the old sideboard and the cider that was always
at hand. Grandfather Hoar used to place twenty or
more barrels of cider in his cellar each year, and he
and his neighbors drank it up during the year. In
harvest or haying New England rum was a necessary
drink. He would be ashamed if it was not in the
house when the minister called. My grandfather was
not a large man, black piercing eyes, bald headed and
quick in his movements. He liked company , and as
families were large in those days, there were many to
come and go and his house was like a hotel.

He never, it is said, spoke a cross word to his
wife, and if he had any extra fruit it was always for
her. He was a Free Mason.

Most of the clothing for the family was made at
home in those days. Grandmother used to make her
boys caps out of cat skins, and she used a pine knot
at night for a light.

"Note — (Father says that he is not certain about
this service.)


With all of our modern improvements and rapid
transit are we more happy and better governed in
this year of 1898? We cannot answer.

My father was the seventh child and was taught
the lessons of economy and prudence in early life. At
this writing, February, 1898, at the age of 95, it
still clings to him. He is a true representative of the
old New England families, who came from England
with good estates. Father had but a common school
education. He is a fair penman and good in arith-
metic. He, at an early age, learned the cooper's trade.
None of his brothers were farmers, although most of
them owned farms or land.

His brother William was a carpenter and helped
build the first cotton mills in Lowell, Mass.

His brother Timothy was a carpenter and in
Athol, Mass., he carried on the wheelwright business,
where he resided for many years. His brother John
worked at the cutlery business in Greenfield, Mass.
My father, on May 31, 1826, bought one-half of his
father's farm for $1,000. His father was embar-
rassed at that time with debts, and my father,
unknown to him, paid them up, and his father gave
him a deed of one-half of the place. After his death
my father bought the other half, except his mother's
rights. The place was known as Lot No. 101 Narra-
gansett No. 2, Indian title from Sholon of the
Nashuas. Said lot first belonged to Ephraim Cutler,
of Watertovvn, then to Ephraim Stevens through his
father, Ebenezcr, of Watertown; in 1760 to Joseph
Bailey, in 1761 to Timothy Hoar, of Concord, then
to his son Timothy, then to my father, then to
his brother, Timothy, then to A. W. Benjamin. The
lines were partly changed in grandfather's time.
Timothy Hoar, of Concord, also owned lot No. 102,
but it was lost through a defective title. My father
removed to the place where S. H. Sprague now owns,
where I was born.

In May, 1835, my father bought the Joseph
Brown estate part of lot No. 105, Narragansett No.


2. This was his home as long as we lived in
Wetsminster, Mass It contained fifty acres of land.
My father worked in his cooper shop on the place for
many years. Afterwards he worked in the chair shop
in the village of Wachusettville. After his return
from the west he lived many years in the village and
was a superintendent in a department in his brother-
in-law's paper mills. In October, 1854, nvy father
and myself bade farewell to our old homestead and
in company with George Brown and Harrison Per-
kins and their families, with Joseph Brown, came to
the territory of Minnesota. About Nov. 1 we all set-
tled on lands now" known as Monticello Township, in
the County of Wright. My father and myself took
claims and they were patented April 10, 1860. To
Ira Hoar lot 3 and the N. W. U of N. W. % of Sec.
34 and the S. Vz of the S. W. H of Sec. 27.

To Alfred W. Hoar. Jan. 10 and April 10, 1860,
the S. W, % of X. W. % of Sec. 34, and the N. E. V^oi
S. W. !/4 and lots 4 and 6 of Sec. 34. All in Town
121 North of Range 25 West ol the 5th principal
meridian. By James Buchanan, President of the
United States.

My father did much to advance the interest of
the early settlement of the county, but he always
thought more of his New England home and he
returned east about 1861, and remained there as
stated for many years. His two sons remained here
and my father and mother returned before 1878 to
their old home in the west. Heyward's History of
Westminster mentions father and mother as follows:
"They have always been actuated by much of the
philanthropic spirit, and have displayed an abiding
interest in the various reforms and in all movements
looking to the welfare and happiness of their fellow
men. They were among the earliest of the radical
Abolitionists in Westminster, as they were also among
the active friends and promoters of the cause of tem-
perance, of woman's elevation, of universal suffrage,
and of international peace. Formerh- they were


members of the First Congregational Church of
Westminster, but in later life they became sincere and
earnest Spiritualists, in which faith they continue
unto this day."

My father, after he went west, helped to organize
the Republican party in Wright county in 1856-7.

My father is now a member of St. Paul Chapter
of the Sons of the American Revolution.

Of my own life there need not be much written.
When I am gone to the life to come we will let others
continue our history. I was a sickly child in my
3'outh and have spent most of my days on a farm.
They gave me a good common school education in
New England, and we also attended the Westminster
Academy in our town. In 1871 we went to Cleve-
land, Ohio, to live, where we remained until 1879,
clerk in the general office of the L. S. & M. S. Ry. Co.
In the early days here we followed threshing in the
fall for a business. We have kept a diary ever since
1864. We have never sought public office, but we
have been called to hold county, town and school
offices. The Grange (P. of H.) has always received
our support, as we believe the intelligence of the
farmers of our country are its bulwark.

A few years ago we were near^- blind with
cataracts on the eyes, but by surgical operations our
sight is well restored.

There are many lines of the Hoar family in Min-
nesota and other states, but we have not traced them
as to their connection with the first John in our line.
The name is now often spelled Horror Hoard. Heze-
kiahHoar first settled in Scituate, Mass., afterwards
Taunton, is mentioned as a brother of John, but we
find no evidence of the fact. He came to New Eng-
land perhaps before Joanna, and his children were
Marcy, 1654; Nathaniel, 1656; Sarah, 1658; Eliza
beth,1660; Edward, 1663; Lidia, 1655; Mary, 1669;
Hezekiah, 1678.

Richard Hoar, of Yarmouth (1641), was an early
settler in New England. The name of Hore as an


explorer with Hudson and others is mentioned in

Settlers of Essex and Old Norfolk were Thomas
Hoar and William Hore 1666-1670.

The Hoar? did not escape being tried as witches.
It is lucky that we of later days did not live in those
days, or we would have to record more than one
name. One Dorcus Hoar was tried for witchcraft in
Essex Co., Mass., Sept. 9, 1692. Sentenced to death
but was not executed.


1st Gen. — Charles Hoare, Gloucester, Eng , b. ,

d. 1636; m. Margerie .


1 Thomas, b. — , d. .

2 Charles.

3 , m. Thomas Hill.

4 , m, Leonard Tarne.

Note — My notes say "3" and "4-" were 3 Elinor'
4 Anna (authority lost.)

2d Gen.— Charles Hoare, Gloucester, Eng., b. ,

d. 1638. m. Joanna Hincksman, b. , d. Bain-
tree Dec. 20, 1661.

1 Thomas, (mother uncertain) bap. June 15, 1612.

2 John.

3 Daniel, b. Gloucester, Eng.

4 Joanna, b. Gloucester, Eng., d. Braintree, m.
Col. Edmund Quincy. He b. 1627, m. July 26,

1 3 4

Online LibraryAlfred Wyman HoarLineage and family records of Alfred Wyman Hoar and his wife Josephine Jackson; with notes on the early history of Wright County, Minnesota ... → online text (page 1 of 4)