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Xincoln tbe patriot

A Program for Lincoln's Birthday.

By Alice M. Kellogg.

Decorations.— The character of tlie celebration should strike a patri-
otic note. Let the triune colors be prominent in flags, bunting, pennants,
draperies. Lengths of cheese-cloth cut into three widths, and fastened
with rosettes, make a pretty festoon at the cornices ; or they may be carried
from the centre of the ceiling to the four corners in a series of radiating
lines. Small flags may be distributed as badges, and waved during the
singing uf a patriotic song, flags mounted like banners may be used as
screens and placed before the stove, wood-box, etc. Little girls in white
dresses spangled with blue stars, with red sashes about their waists, may
perform any little offices for the teacher. Ushers may wear shoulder
sashes of red, white, and blue ribbons. A large portrait of Lincoln should
be in a prominent place, the frame overhung with a flag. Fh(jtographs
and engravings that pertain to Lincoln's history may be pasted on card-
board and fastened to the walls.

Music. — All the well-known patriotic songs are introduced in the pro-
gram. Distribute copies of the words among the audience, and let every-
one present participate in this feature of the exercises. The Riverside
Song Book, "Liberty Bell," "Song Patriot," "Centennial Collection."
and " Patriotic Songs of America," furnish songs in the spirit of the occa-
sion. Sousa's instrumental marches are inspiriting for an opening num-
ber, and the new " El Capitan " and " Rasmus on Parade."

Lincoln the Patriot. {Place these zvords in a
conspicuous position npon the blackboard or zvall.)

1. Opening march on the piano and singing of
" America."

2. Recitations for thirteen pupils, ''Lincoln the
Patriot."

a. A Second Father of his Country. — Ray
Palmer.

b. The typical American, pure and simple. —
Asa Gray.



Acknoivledgments. — Through the courtesy of Charles Scribner's Sons
lines from R. H. Stoddard's Poems are used'; through Houghton, Mifflin
& Company, extracts from Mrs. I'helps-^\'ard, J. R. Lowell, W'hittier,
and Maurice Thompson.

Copyright, 1897, by E. L. tv. i.logg & Co., New York.



2 LINCOLN THE PATRIOT

c. Washington was the Father, and Lincoln the
Saviour, of his Country. — H. L. Daives.

d. A patriot without a superior, his monument is
a country preserved. — C. S. Hai-rijigtoii.

e. Patriot, statesman, emancipator, his name is
immortal, and his memory will be cherished through
all the advancing ages. — W. H. Gibson.

f. His wisdom, his accurate perceptions, his vigor
of intellect, his humor, and his unselfish patriotism
are known to all. — Cyrus Noi'tJirop.

g. A patriot without guile, a politician without
cunning or selfishness, a statesman of practical sense
rather than fine-spun theory. — Andrew SJicruian.

h. Next to Washington, the Father of our Inde-
pendence, stands Abraham Lincoln, the martyr of
our Union, in the line of our Presidents. — Philip
Schaff.

i. He was a patriot who was ever willing to make
personal sacrifices for his patriotism.. — Abrain S.
Hcivitt.

j. Under the providence of God he was, next to
Washington, the greatest instrument for the preser-
vation of the Union and the integrity of the coun-
try; and this was brought about chiefly through
his strict and faithful adherence to the Constitution
of his country. — Peter Cooper.

k. Abraham Lincoln stands out on the pages of
American history, unique, grand, and peculiar.
As honest, unselfish, and patriotic as Washington,
he was his superior as an orator and logician, and
dealt successfully with larger and graver matters. —
Willard Warren.

I, A man of great ability, pure patriotism, un-
selfish nature, full of forgiveness to his enemies,
bearing malice toward none, he proved to be the
man above all others for the great struggle through



LINCOLN THE PATRIOT. 3

which the nation had to pass to place itself among
the greatest in the family of nations. His fame
will grow brighter as time passes and his great work
is better understood. — U. S. Grant.

1)1. The more the smoke of party strife clears
away, as we recede from the times of Abraham
Lincoln and the civil war, the grander does the
form of the Martyr President stand forth as the
representative of sagacious statesmanship and un-
sulh'ed patriotism. — John Avery.

3 Singing of " Hail, Columbia! "

4. Recitation, " To the Spirit of Abraham Lin-
coln." (The Reunion at Gettysburg twenty-five
years after the battle.)

Shade of our greatest, O look down to-day !

Here the long, dread midsummer battle roared,
And brother in brother plunged the accursed sword ; —

Here foe meets foe once more in proud array,
Yet not as once to harry and to slay,

But to strike hands, and with sublime accord
Weep tears heroic for the souls that soared ,

Quick from eartli's carnage to the starry way.
Each fought for wliat he deemed the people's good,

And proved his bravery with his offered life.
And sealed his honor with his outpoured blood ;

But the Eternal did direct the strife,
And on this sacred field one patriot host

Now calls thee father, — dear, majestic ghost !

— RicJiard Watson Gilder.

5. Composition, "The Boyhood of Lincoln."
(The cabin in which Lincoln was born, February

1 2th, 1809, consisted of one room with a door but
no window, and open cracks through which the
winds, rain, and snows of winter, and swarms of
mosquitoes in summer, could easily penetrate. It
was the home on a clearing near Hodgcnsville, Ken-
tucky, where Abraham's father had taken up land



4 LINCOLN THE PATRIOT.

for a farm. With his elder sister Abraham went
to school, and in order to study at night he tied
together spicewood bushes and burned them for
light. His mother taught him all she knew of the
Bible, fairy tales, and country legends. Moving to
an uncleared tract in Indiana in 1816, young Abra-
ham was set to work to clear a field for corn, and
to help in the home building. Besides his own
f-firm work, carpentry, and cabin.et-making, he was
a ' ' hired boy " on neighboring farms, where he re-
ceived twenty-five cents a day. As a ferryman on



Copyright;




From " Century Book of Famous Americans." By permission of the Cen*
tury Company.

the Mississippi, going to and from New Orleans,
Lincoln gained his earliest experiences of life. His
entire reading as a boy — not books of his own — were
the Bible, ^sop's " Fables," " Robinson Crusoe,"
"Pilgrim's Progress," a " History of the United
States," Weems's " Life of Washington," and the
" Statutes of Lidiana." He pored over the biography
of the First President with astonishing fervor, and
many years afterwards, when addressing the Senate
of New Jersey at Trenton, referred to the impres-
sion it had made upon him. " I remember," he said,
' ' all the accounts given of the battle-fields and strug-
gles for the liberties of the country, and none fixed



LINCOLN TUB PATRIOT. 5

themselves upon my imagination so deeply as the
struggle here at Trenton. The crossing of the
river, the contest with the Hessians, the great
hardships endured at that time, all fixed themselves
on my memory more than any single Revolution-
ary event. I recollect thinking then, boy even
though I was, that there must have been something
more than common that these men struggled for."
Other books from neighbors within a circuit of fifty
miles Lincoln borrowed and devoured, not only by
reading but by copying long extracts, using boards
as a temporary repository when his paper and copy-
books gave out.)

6. Recitation, " One of the People."

A laboring man, with horny hands,
Who swung the axe, who tilled his lands,
Who shrank from nothing new,
But did as poor men do !

One of the People ! Born to be
Their curious Epitome ; ■*

To share, yet rise above.
Their shifting hate and love.

Common liis mind (it seemed so then),
His thoughts the thoughts of other men:
Plain were his words, and poor —
But now they will endure !

No hasty fool, of stubborn will.
But prudent, cautious, pliant, still;
Who, since his work was good,
Would do it as he could.

No hero, this, of Roman mould ;

Nor like our stately sires of old ;

Perhaps he was not great — '

But he preserved the State ! i



6 LINCOLN THE PATRIOT.

O honest face, which all men knew !
O tender heart, but known to few !
O Wonder of the Age,
Cut off by tragic Rage !

—R. H. Stoddard.

7. Readings, " Lincoln's Intellectual Capacity."
a. Mr. Lincoln was not what you would call an
educated man. The college that he had attended was
that which a man attends who gets up at dajdight
to hoe corn and sits up at night to read the best
book he can find by the side of a burning pine-knot.
What education he had he picked up in that way.
He had read a great many books, and all the books
that he had read he knew. He had a tenacious
memory, just as he had the ability to see the essen-
tial thing. He never took an unimportant point
and went off upon that ; but he always laid hold of
the real thing, of the real question, and attended to
that without attending to the others any more than
was indispensably necessary. Thus, while we say
that Mr. Lincoln was an uneducated man, unedu-
cated in the sense that is recognized at any great
college, he yet had a singularly perfect education
in regard to everything that concerns the practical
affairs of life. His judgment was excellent, and his
information was always accurate. He knew what
the thing was. He was a man of genius, and con-
trasted with men of education, genius will always
carry the day. I remember very well going into
Mr. Stanton's room in the War Department on the
day of the Gettysburg celebration, and he said,
'* Have you seen these Gettysburg speeches? "
'* No," said \\ "I didn't know you had them."
He said, ''Yes, and the people will be delighted
with them. Edward Everett has made a speech
that will make three columns in the newspapers,



LINCOLN THE PATRIOT. 7

and Mr. Lincoln has made a speech of perhaps forty
or fifty Hnes. Everett's is the speech of a scholar,
polished to the last possibility. It is elegant and it
is learned ; but Lincoln's speech will be read by a
thousand men where one reads Everett's, and will
be remembered as long as anybody's speeches are
remembered who speaks in the English language."
That was the truth. If you will take those two
speeches now, you will get an idea how superior
genius is 'o education ; how superior that intellectual
faculty i^ which sees the vitality of a question and
knows how to state it ; how superior that intellectual
faculty is which regards everything with the fire of
earnestness in the soul, with the relentless purpose
of a heart devoted to objects beyond literature. —
Charles A. Dana.

b. Hrr possessed fewer liberal accomplishments
and less culture than his predecessors at the White
House . but he enjoyed great qualities w^hich they
lacked, foremost the king quality of courage, physi-
cal, moral, and political. — Poore.

c. ] t Lincoln had lived at a time when printing
\yas unknown, he would in a few years, by his prov-
erbs and fables, have become mythological, like
^sop or Pilpay, or one of the Seven Wise Masters,
the story-tellers of antiquity. — Emej'son.

8, Composition, *' Lincoln's Political Life."
(1 he pioneer boy as he grew up began to be inter-
ested in politics. With a devouring love for books,
cleverness at extempore speaking, and readiness to
make friends, he had worked up from country mer-
chant to a lawyer and surveyor. He was elected to
the Legislature, then to Congress, and was offered
the Governorship of Oregon. Returning to his
home in Springfield, Illinois, and liis wife and boys,
Lincoln took up his law-practice again. He was



i



LINCOLN THE PATRIOT.



nominatea unsuccessfully for Senator, and in i860,
amid much opposition, he was elected President of
the United States.)

9. Readings illustrating Lincoln's appearance.




a. His towering figure, sharp and spare,

Was with such nervous tension strung,
As if on each strained sinew swung
The burden of a people's care.

His changing face what pen can draw .^

Pathetic, kindly, droll, or stern ;

And with a glance so quick to learn
The inmost truth of all he saw.

— Charles G. Hal pine.

b. When he left this city (Springfield, 111.) h..
was fifty-one years old. He was about six feec
four inches In height; thin, wiry, sinewy, raw-
boned. His usual weight was one hundred and-



LINCOLN THE PATRIOT. 9

sixty pounds. His structure was loose and
leathery; his body was shrunk and shrivelled, hav-
ing dark skin, dark hair, — looking woe-struck.
The whole man, body and mind, worked slowly,
creakingly, as if it needed oiling. Physically, he
was a very powerful man, lifting with ease four or
six hundred pounds. His mind was like his body,
and worked slowly and strongly.

His head was long and tall from the base of the
brain and from the eyebrows. His forehead was
narrow, but high; his cheek-bones were high, sharp,
and prominent ; his eyebrows heavy and promi-
nent ; his jaws were long, upcurved, and heavy;
his nose was large, long, and blunt ; his face was
long, sallow, and cadaverous, shrunk, shrivelled,
wrinkled, and dry; his ears were large, and ran out
almost at right angles from his head ; his neck
was trim and neat, his head being well balanced
upon it.

He was not a pretty man by any means, nor was
he an ugly one; he was a homely man, careless of
his looks, plain-looking and plain-acting. He had
no pomp, display, or dignity, so-called. He ap-
peared simple in his carriage and bearing. He was
a sad-looking man ; his melancholy dripped from
him as he walked. — IV. H. Herndon.

lO. Piano music, variations upon national airs.

IK Recitation, "A Tribute."

The angels of your thoughts are climbing still

The shining ladder of liis fame,
And have not ever reached the top, nor ever will,

While this low life pronounces his high name.

But yonder, where they dream, or dare, or do,
The " good " or " great " beyond our reach,

To talk of him must make old language new
In heavenly, as it did in human, speecli.

—Elizabeth Stuart Phelps,



10 LiNLOL.N THE PATRIOT.

12. Essay, "Lincoln as President." — (As time
wore on and the war held its terrible course, upon
no one of all those who lived through it was its
effect more apparent than upon the President.
He bore the sorrows of the nation in his own
heart; he suffered deeply, not only from disap-
pointments, from treachery, from hope deferred,
from the open assaults of enemies, and from the
sincere anger of discontented friends, but also from
the world-wide distress and affliction which flowed
from the great conflict in which he was engaged
and which he could not evade. One of the most
tender and compassionate of men, he was forced
to give orders which cost thousands of lives ; by
nature a man of order and thrift, he saw the daily
spectacle of unutterable waste and destruction
which he could not prevent. Under this frightful
ordeal his demeanor and disposition changed ; . . .
he aged with great rapidity. — JoJin Hay, in ' The
Century. '

13. Readings illustrating ''Lincoln's Character-
istics."

a. Tender-hearted, but inflexible when occasion
required; sunny-tempered, but tinged with melan-
choly; simple in speech and life, but capable of
eloquence and of stirring words that will live for-
ever; above all else logical; brave, broad-minded,
just, and true. — B7'ooks.

b. There is now a letter before me in which he
announces his motto in political affairs, " Bear and
forbear." This self-poise, self-abnegation, and for-
bearance enabled him to bring the ship of state
safely through the stormy seas. — W. M. Dickson.

c. He read Shakespeare more than all other
writers together. He delighted in Burns. Of
Thomas Hood he was also fond. He read Bryant



LINCOLN THE PATRIOT. II

and Whittier with appreciation ; there were many
poems of Liohnes's that he read with intense rehsh.
" The Last Leaf " was one of his favorites. A poem
by Wilham Knox, '' Oh, why should the spirit of
mortal be proud ? " he learned by heart in his
youth, and used to repeat all his life. — JoJin Hay,

d. When Mr. Frank Carpenter was painting Lin-
coln in his famous picture of the Reading of the
Proclamation of Emancipation, the conversation
turned upon Shakespeare. "Hamlet" held a
peculiar charm for the President, and he remarked,
"There is one passage of the play of ' Hamlet'
that is very apt to be slurred over by the actor, or
omitted altogether, and it seems to me one of the
choicest parts. It is the soliloquy of the king, after
the murder. It always struck me as one of the
finest touches of nature in the world." Throwing
himself into the very spirit of the scene, Lincoln
repeated from memory, with a feeling and apprecia-
tion unsurpassed by any actor upon the stage, the
thirty-five lines beginning:

" O my offence is rank, it smells to heaven."

14. Recitation, " The First American."

So, always firmly, he ;
He knew to bide his time.

And can liis fame aljide,
Still patient in his simple faith sublime,

Till the wise years decide.
Great captains, with their drums and guns

Disturb our judgment for the hour.
But at last silence comes ;

These all are gone, and, standing like a tower,
Our children shall behold iiis fame,

The kindly-earnest, brave, foreseeing man,
Sagacious, patient, dreading i)raise, not blame.

New birth of our new soil, tlie lirst American.
— From LowclTs "" Covuncmoratioii Ode.'*



12 LINCOLN THH PATRIOT.

15. Recitation of extracts from Lincoln's
speeches showing his national spirit.

a. If I ever feel the soul within me elevate and
expand to dimensions not wholly unworthy of its
Almighty Architect, it is when I contemplate
the cause of my country, deserted by all the world
beside, and I standing up boldly a:.d alone, and
hurling defiance at her victorious oppressors. Here,
without contemplating consequences, before high
Heaven, and in the face of the world, I swear eter-
nal fidelity to the just cause, as I deem it, of the
land of my life, my liberty, and my love I — SpcccJi
delivered in i8jg.

b. Intelligence, patriotism, Christianity, and a
firm reliance on Him who has never yet forsaken
this favored land, are still competent to adjust, in
the best way, our present difficulty. We are not
enemies, but friends. We must not be enemies.
Though passion may have strained, it must not
break our bonds of affection. The mystic chords
of memory, stretching from every battlefield and
patriot grave to every living heart and hearthstone
all over this broad land will yet swell the chorus
of the Union, when again touched, as surely they
will be, by the better angels of our nature. — From
h is Inaiigii ral A d dress , 1861.

e. My paramount object is to save the Union,
and neither to save nor destroy slavery. If there
be those wdio would not save the Union unless they
could at the same time save slavery, I do not agree
with them. If I could save the Union without
freeing any slave I would do it. If I could save it
by freeing all the slaves I would do it ; and if I
could do it by freeing some and leaving others
alone, I would also do that. What I do about
slaverv and the colored race 1 do because I believe



LINCOLN THE PATRIOT 13

it helps to save the Union, and what I forbear, I
forbear because I do not beheve it helps to save the
Union. I shall do less whenever I shall believe
that what I am doing hurts the cause, and I shall
do more whenever I believe doing more will help
the cause.

16. Singing of ''The Red, White, and Blue."

17. Recitations of " English Tributes."

Patriot, who made the pageantries of kings
Like shadows seem, and unsubstantial things.
— R. IV. Dale {an Eiiglishuiaii).

b. I shall never forget the moment when, in Lon-
don, the tidings of Lincoln's death were brought to
me. It seemed as if we were all afloat in the midst
of a boundless ocean. — Charles F. Adams.

c. A permanent English tribute to Lincoln's
memory is the Lincoln Tower, adjoining Rev. New-
man Hall's church in London. Half of the cost
(seven thousand pounds) was subscribed wjth great
readiness by the English; the other half by Ameri-
cans. A stone over the entrance bears the name of
Lincoln ; tvv^o class-rooms are named for Washington
and Wilberforce. The spire is built in alternate
stripes, witli stars between. A marble tablet gives
the history of the tower and the man whom it com-
memorates.

d. The Old World and the New, from sea to sea,

Utter one voice of sympathy and shame !
Sore heart, so stopped when it at last beat high ;
Sad life, cut short just as its triumph came.

— From the London Punch,

18. Reading, " Lincoln's signature."

The roll containing the Emancipation Proclama-
tion was taken to Mr. Lincoln at noon on the first



14 LINCOLN THE PATRIOT.

day of January, 1863, by Secretary Seward and his
son Frederick. As it lay unrolled before him, Mr.
Lincoln took a pen, dipped it in ink, moved his
hand to the place for the signature, held it a mo-
ment, and then removed his hand and dropped the
pen. After a little hesitation he again took up
the pen and went through the same movement as
before. Mr. Lincoln then turned to Mr. Seward
and said: " I have been shaking hands since nine
o'clock this morning, and my right arm is almost
paralysed. If my name ever goes into history it
will be for this act, and my whole soul is in it. If
my hand trembles when I sign the Proclamation,
all who examine the document hereafter will say,
''He hesitated!" He then turned to the table,
took up the pen again, and slowly, firmly, wrote
that Abraham Lincoln with which the whole world
is familiar. He looked up, smiled, and said, "That
will do." — Colonel Forney.

19. Recitations, '' Lincoln's Presentiments."

a. On the last Sunday of his life Lincoln read
aloud some extracts from ''Macbeth." Was it a
prophetic spirit that made him give an impressive-
ness in particular to the lines:

" Duncan is in his grave ;
After life's fitful fever, he sleeps well ;
Treason has done his worst : nor steel, nor poison,
Malice domestic, foreign levy, nothing
Can touch him further " ?

b. Mr. Lincoln may not have expected death
from the hand of an assassin, but he had an impres-
sion, amounting to a presentiment, that his life
would end with the war. In July, 1864, he told a
newspaper man that he was certain he should. not
outlast the rebellion. It was a time of dissension
among the Republican leaders* Maiiy of his best



LINCOLN THE PATRIOT. I5

friends had deserted him, and were talking of an
opposition convention to nominate another candi-
date ; universal gloom was spread throughout the
people. The North was tired of the war, and
supposed an honorable peace attainable. Mr. Lin-
coln knew it was not — that any peace at that time
would be only disunion. He said: " I have faith
in the people. They will not consent to disunion.
The dano;er is in their beino- misled. Let them
know the truth, and the country is safe," His
haggard, careworn appearance called out the remark


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