Alpheus Crosby.

A grammar of the Greek language online

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MOW of Ihem, and iamiahtd odurs, L 1. 7. -

fi, AixiEcnyB Pronouns. TSt &xx»tf *Exxiiy*ry rtvit, tome of ^
other Greeks, L 7. 8. 'Otrrtt . . tSv ira^ Ba^iXitts L 1. 5. 07 S^n^w
Ikn^n^ttv rSv ifXiftiw i. 7. 13. Tatv ^ fiet^Cei^MV . . iXX«4f i. 2. 18,
T94f T»t9vr»tt r«» «^r*'» Mem. iL 8. 3. £1 ^i « »«} iEax* biy 2a.««
4 s«X«/u«v i. 5. 1. '^txvfMtivi rt rnf ^aX«yy«f L 8. 18. *£y rf
ipfit^efif iit^M^tif I Soph. Ant. 1229. See.^ 359. «.

^. Numerals. ETf rX^v er^mmySv, one of ihe generals, vii. 2. S9.
Ttfvf r^iTf' . . rSv immrvXufv Ar. Vesp. 95. EiV Iv f^oifttf Eur. Andr.
1172. 'Or^rtfi /tlv rA>y «^^) fiag-tXia &9rif9ti0-»9f u 8. 27. n«XXi^ m
iirtJ^uyiMf i. 5. 5. *Ox/7«4 ^h nh^i* iiL 1. S.

). Superlatives, and words derived from them (by virtue of the indoded
adjective, cf. § 351). *Ey vi>7t &,^i^r9$t llt^vtiv, among the best of ih$
FersietnSy L 6. 1. Tw wtrrpTmrpv rSv Kv^av r«i(«'r«v;^*>y lb. 11«
'E**} «'X(7r«'«y Iff^tiirt^vTh^L I. Tnt yns h it^Umlh.'i. T«;y»«#*
Xmvrtut «y^(«(r*>y Jt(t f^T$v€*9rtt [^ et^i^TMytvifttvai], being tkebest of tke^
men of their age, Mem. iii. 5. 10. Aat^*, «S xaXXimui r«i ta^v yvy If
M^tiv-Mtf Eur.Med. 947. O^ l^ari^mt w^»tr*u6V€ti> Ages. L 3.

c. Partichflbs. 2^ rtTi; vm^tv^i rSv iri^rSf, with those present of
his faithful attendants, L 5. 15. K^ii r«y «fXX*>y «-«y j3«»X«/M(y«f , cmtf
qf the rest any one that withed^ i. 3. 9. *H»ci ^c r/f ^ r^ly ^^•Z&r4t» X«X»«

^. Other Adjectives. *E;^*>y r*ry iirirfg^vXaxttv rouf iifAl^tttf
having half of tXe rear guard, iv. 2. 9. ^H ri^Xaiy« ira^Pivw, O (Br
fated of virgins, Eur. Herad. 567. ■ Tfvf Jly«^0v« rSv itft^iw*tf, the
good among mm, Ar. Plut. 495. AfiX«/« )i«X«/«y »v^ii>, wretchsd </
<Ae wretdied art Ikon! Soph. EL 849. T« X«ir«y Tnf-if^l^«# iiL 4^ (i.
'En/««y r«f ^«« r«y «r«XXny Th- ii 56. ^Xl f/X« T^vjrai**)* Eur. Ale.
460. ATc niXc^7«>y .£8ch.SuppL 967. *Ay«iW ^y«X« XiiVtif l;^#^«^f
.l:^^e«y Eur. Andr. 521. T«>y tExXivy ^niumt rm irt^trr mm» 2. 28.

§ 363. G. Adverbs.

•. Of Place and Tdib (§ 359. «). O^^' iwtv yvt Wftiv «})«, / hmost
mot where on eartii [upon what part of the earth] we are, Ar. Av. 9. I^ ys
«tf)«^«tf PL Rep. 592 b. Ilmvrmx'v rnt ynt PL Phaedo, 111 a. !!»«
«-«r * i7 ^(tf^y { Soph. El. S90. T if X « v y«^ «i»i? m ay^t, * in a reniAte part
of the countiy/ i. e. 'fiir from town,* Ar. Nub. 138. *EfT»uf» r«v «^«v««
nui€T^t^i^$at Mem. iv. 3. 8. *Eyr«fiV« »|[^n t7 «-«( hXtxUtt, you are now at that
point cf life, PL Rep. 328 c. Ait;^« r«v Xiyu PL Conv. 217 e. Ohn i^ft
If* ti »»»§vi Soph. Aj. 386. or ••{•iXwXw^iy ag'tXyt/at &ffi(t9'of Dem. 42.
24. n «r Tif ^fifvi^H tXty I Soph. (Ed. G. 170. 'E^vXcrr** iiXX«f 2XXa.
ftf r»y *Oni$v H. Gr. vii. 1. 15. Wi m-^irst }>i rw it»Tafit»v «r^«Ca/yiiy, but
mot to advance far mto the river, iv. S. 28. 'Endhviet fiizi* ^'f)'* *^ ^f*^
Mf H. 6r. vii. 2. 1 9. *0 «■ If y /» « . . riif S(»$'y at whatever point of time, iii. 5. 1 8.
Iltfy/x' Urlf «f^« T« V^«f t At. Av.'l498. n^«r«/r«T« . . rni iXi
•Uf. at tlu earliest age^ PL Prot. S26 e.


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^ Of State or Condition (5 359. m ; etpecially with the verbs l^** *°o
|»af). Tiff rix^f y'^t '^^* ^X*** for I am thus in [have myself in this Btat#
of] fortune^ Eur. Hel. 857. ' Af afAvn^aty its **x* ^ *>■*»( ^^'s «•» rh . . «••
Xi», *in what a state of inendship he was,* t. e. *what friendship he bore,
H.Gr. iL 1. 14. AMw^Avn^, it r«;^avf t»ec0^»s tT^iv, having pursued^ at
each tme had himself in respect to speedy i. e. eoery man according to his speed,
lb. iv. 5. 15. 'Hi i^yiis J;c«» Soph. CEd. T. 345. USg &y£ipot n»«^ii*
how do we come on in the strife? Eur. El. 751. Ourt r^i^av . . tx**s Cyr.
TiL 5. 56. ri»#i/r p.h Hxus JJ« rwVJi, thus are you related to theses Eur
Herad. 213. "Extf rat tv (p^ttHf, of good judgment, Eur. Hipp. 462. 'At-
2^^t ^>.X9»&n ii ^M/jtarts %\it9 PI. Bep. 404 d. "Orut , , vyatifSs^ rtt ix9
mttrit uvrtS lb. 57 1 d.

y. Of &e SuPBRLATiVB Dboreb. 'A^ii^i^r«r« (r»M'«y, mott vnsparingfy
of ali, L 9, IS, TlftrtfAfiitiftu /u^A^rrm rUf *EXXw^9 i. 6. 5. 0/ fi,lf iyy»»
nrmrm rSv wXifniotf ii. 2. 1 7.

^ 364. D. Verbs.

The Grenitive partitive, in coDnection with a verb, may per-
form the office either of a subject^ an appositive^ or a comple'
ment ; taking the place of any case which the verb would re
quire, if referring to the whole. See § 361. /?.

•• The Genitiye Partitive as a Subject

(1.) Of a Finitt Verb, EjV) i* ttbrSfy edt wV &t vrxtrA^atrt ^/«C«iirrt,
smd ihere art some of them^ which you could not pass at all, u. 5, 1 8. *H» Si
Tsirm9 rm ^rmfftSf, attt iravu /ut»^»ut ilXaouv^ i, 5, 7, TUv Tli "Sttfuit^f
• • l^tniifufst • . hiCti^Mf Th. i. 115. n«xi/t»«tf, »») ftrnx^t *y ^<rn»
«v«f, of war and batde^ there fell to her no share^ Cyr. viL 2. 28. Oii* At
ifuf W9 ^^»fn»u §urt 9'ktir/t99$if «'*> •3rt /uiffit Cyr. iv. 2. 20.

(3.) Cf an Infimtioe. Ka) Wt/uytSvau v^S* rt ir^it i»*lf»»t, »mi l»*t
fmt iTfit m^rtvt^ that there even mingled some of themselves with those, and soms
•f Aom wiA them, id, 5, 16. Ov» aftrt w^arnxm tvitti k^x^** ^ thought
thai mo autiwrity bdonged to any one, Cyr. vui. 1. 37. A§»ii linmrnr tltuu
^ri^i rSf m^x*** f^^ruuu Bep. Ath. 1. 2.

§ S0«S« /S. The Genitive Partitive as an Appositive.

The Geo. partitive in the place of an appositive is most common with sub*
ttenlMW Mrftt, but is likewise found with other verbs, particularly those of
vedtoning, esteeming, and making. Thus, Ov» lym rairtf tl/Aiy I nm not one
of Asm, Cyr. yiii. 3. 45. T^> ^iXr^Tott iffty* i^tiftnru rl«»An>, thou shaA
he numbered as one of my dearest .children^ Eur. Bacch. 1318. *Er6yx*9i yu^
nmi fisuknt iSv Th. iii. 70. Ka) l/d r«/vvv .. S^t rSv irtrn'ti^fitfttv Tl.
B^ 494 0* T«Vf itvktvf , . vJv ittfi la»T99 "it^yfifMif irsiwu^^ut lb.
567 6. TSv p%»yi9TU9 «««^«^«r^aM Isocr. 380 d.

§ SO0« y. The Genitive Pftrtitive as a Complement.

The Grenitive partitive is used as a complement,

L) Generally^ with any verb, when its action affects not the
whole object, but a /?ar^ only ; as.


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3H. l.J PARTITIVE. 273

AMCiprmt Tw fim^Cm^ixav 0T^mr»u, taking a part of Me barharian amof,
L 5. 7. T«f» »if^/«r . . tifmytt €ite of the haneyeombn^ ir. 8. 20. *Xptie }li
rSf mt^f^mXairmf, and §eiuUng tome of £Ae captive*^ vii. 4. 5. 2vyx«Xi.
r«vTtf X«;^il)^«Vf imk) «'tXr«r<ri^ »«2 rXly i^XTrSit iv. 1. 26. Hu^i99<p9t
wi/AVu rHv l» rnt »mf».nt 0»%'^tAu»vt iv. 5. 22. K«} rns Tt yns Irtftct Th«
fi. 56. 'MmrrtMnt tx»» ri^^wns Soph. GBd T. 709. Bu9tXi'y4*T0 tSv xtietw
Ar. Ach. 184. Ti»r »^tSt imXivrw Ax. £q. 4t^0. n«^«4«f rnf 0i/^«f«
jtȣ opemng the door, Ar. Fax, 30.

^867. II.) Particularly^ with verbs which, in their or
dinary use, imply divided or partial action.

Note. The Gen. partitive may be connected with other parts of speech
njion the same princi|je. Hence tiie rule is expressed in a general form.

Rule X. Words of sharing and touch gov-
ern the Genitive.

1. Words of SHARING include those of partaking (part-
taking), imparting^ obtaining by distribution^ &c. Thus,

Titff »ir)Mr«n> /ttri^*"* ^ thare in the dangen^ ii. 4. 9. Tiir^t »»tf»»rm
ru^ns, I partake of this fortune, Eur. Med. SOS. T«y lu^^t^tnSt ^ir«)<.
)«>rir, imparUng our jogt, (Ec 9. 12. "Ktt^atfvt kftdwrttv, vii. 2. 38.
"AvS^if M Jiit9m^dfi$9»i r«»^i T§u mvivfBv Th. iv. 10. SvXXnyp»f^ut tt
r»m ei nkyit «*«*•» Eur. Med. 946. Mtitvixrir rSt ty^fte^wSt i TU^mmet,
' has less 0^' Hier. 1.29. Ttv i^xUu «'Xi«»iiKr«Zf*r«, 'bearing more oC
C}T. L 6. 25. nSf-iv k^iitms l^rn^mt rSv Ui/r«v Mem. i. 2. 60. Tav
Xiy^if W(§e^§it Em^> Suppl. S50. Sv/t^^XXirMi . » rtuh hi/iaT0f Ear.
Med. 284. *Ay*0n tt r»XXfi«'«'^/« tUv U ti^nvif <r«v«r, /kCam tt rSt if we*
Xifceit ^ufAfA»x*f '^iy*'** k^i^^n tt (ptXiuf xottmtof Mem. ii. 1.32.

§ 388. 2. Touch may be regarded as a species of par-
tial action, affecting only the point of contact. To this head
belong, either by direct connection or by obvious analogy,
verbs of laying hold of^ hitting^ meeting vnth,^ &c. Thus,

"Awrtefm rnt Hm^pn$t to touch Ae hajff L 5. 10. 'EeriXuftCdftTut uvt»u
rm Jrtftf, l*tjf$ hold of hie sAteU-run, iv. 7. 12. ^t^muXa rvyx'^^n, kite
PheratdoM, Cyr. viiL S. 28. 'E(i»ri7r^«i r£f .e^tvhttirSf, to reach the
eiingerSf iiL S. 7. *Ay^*»r kymim w»ti»t pwmfrnrctg, having met with the
eon of brave heroes, Soph. Ph. 719. "Orar tt ravrm nvis Biyi/t Cyr. i. S. 5.
T«v( Tt init rfmytntit wtneutf kerr»/»U§ut VL Rep. 602 b. A«r;^i^)f ^uvuf
t%0§uvTt kfifif Eur. Or. 793. Avrtt tt X«C«^t»«r riis ttliSf rtv KvetJ^ti^wt
Cyr. V. 5. 7. *AfT»Xn'^»9r»t tSp w^myfUrvf Cyr. ii. S. 6. *E|j/«i^«
uivu, we ehatt keep hold o/T Am, vii. 6. 41. K«iv^ Tnt ^MTfi^Ut tx'^^'^f ^
wtrirn in eouunon for our eafetg, vL 3. 17. 'E;^«^i*« tt vvrmt, and fdUowvng
theee, L 8. 9. Ttit iXwi^t yk^ Ux^/uu 'itl^mynkiwi Soph. Ant. 235. Ai-
ytTut rnt TtXiurnf rv;^!?*, *to have come to his end,' ii. 6. 29. *Ow§Mf
mSw iifim tr9%»f, what kindof men theg found m, v. 5. 15.

^ 369« Remarks. «. Hence, the part taken hold of is
put in the Gren., in connection with other forms of construe*
tinn ; as,


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''Ex«C«» riit iti*nt TM 'O^fmtt they took Oromiet bg the ginBe, i. 6. la TA
irmtim^t* thivf «viX»M . • riif X**(*f Ar. Yesp. 568. Tkt ik mixufm^tm
iytf^ms . . «'X«»«/»«r .^sdi. llieb. 326. Niv • . i^««tiv X^t** ^^' H«fa
968. T«y ftXt m^tftm^rn* mbx'^*»* ^P^ '^^ \^2U

/3. To the analogy of yerbs of toach maj be referred expresrfons like tiM
following : 'tns Mi^mXnt xmridyt^ he broke [was fractured in] his head, Ar.
Ach. 1180. Smrir^/Cn rns M%p»Xns Ar. PftX, 71. 'ILrmtra rif K^«Tr*«9
rt/vr^r-t^M riff »tf«Xiif «vrifr, (A^ charged CraHnm with having brokem her head*
Isocr. 381 a. E!ra »ardlui rtt mitT$v fAttumt riif »tf«AiM Ar. Acfa. 1166
Cf. § 437.

^370* 3. Several words of obtaining^ attaining^ and
receiving, govern the Genitive, from their referring primarily
either to distribution or to touch. Thus,

*1mb eUs 9-(»en»»v^f fifi^ms Xay^^dfp, that it mag receive Ut proper portkm^
PL Leg. 90S e. KXif^«v«^i7v $vlMtf to inherit mSdng, Don. 1065. S5«
T*»» '^$nnlm rvy^'^***** ^ obtain gour righttf vii. I. 30. 'EIIEIAH
Isocr. 22 b. Ki»ii/^if, sSrt r§v rd^tv ittrta^mt, avrt yimt «r«^* i^^r Sof^
£L 868. 07«f kfMiSnt 1^ *I«r«v«# xv^tTEur. Med. 23.

NoTB. TbB student can hardly foil to have remaiked the great nuriety of
■etaphorioal and tnmaitiYe meaningn in which words of sharing and of
touch are employed, not only in Greek, but likewiae in our own and in other

^371. II. That which exerts an influence as


this division belong the following rules, respecting,
1. the motive, reason, and end in view; 2. jprice,
value, merit, and crim^ ; 3. the sensible and m^en^
tal object ; and 4. time and place.

1. Genitive of Motive, Sfc.

§ 373. Rule XI. The motive, reason, and
END IN VIEW are put in the Genitive.

To this rule may be ref<5rred the use of the Gen., both in
regular construction and in exclamalion, to express the person
or thine, on account of which, in consequence of which, /or the
sake of which, in honor of which, or to ajfed which, any thing
fa feh, said, or done. Thus,

a. Wfth Vbrbs. T§ut$u et . . ^hXm, on thie account I envg gou, Qyr.
viii. 4. 23. "iit^ftv v9rfiftT»v9Tt(f eerving for hire, lb. vi. 2. 37. tin^U
mirSf »Tat%Ut pf*gi»g nothing for them, lb. iiL 1. 37. T»v ^ ir4^«»f
^mrtifiv mitrif lb. T. 4. 32. -ZnXti 0t tm * •» , rns Tli %*tXimt ereyS Soph.
KL 1027. "H fiX»y yj»mt . . H ;c««r«« Id. (Ed. T. 234. T«vrei 2»Mi-

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fmi r$f I heteeeh yom far har take, Eur. Or. 67 1 . *I«trf v« n rSt^i yvtmrttt
»ai ^»v yttiitv )f|ia# r' %vimifA»*9t, 'by these knees/ &0., Eur. Hec 753
2«^«v mymi»» lmifM9»St * in honor of/ Ar. Eq. 106. T« v ltih»» ftfif n«#<f •
l^or loAof do I [owe] PasioM twelve mimat Ar. Nob. 23. IX^ATiflrtfTflM rUf ftm
•mvrtMt 4)«y9f »«j x^t^*^** ^^ ^^^ «r«xt*>f «'(iiy^«T«, 'for the fiake of
present pleasure and favor/ Dem. :^4. 23. KMrmff»^0i^ r§S . . ^j^ kwtr%
XiTv mvrtTst * 80 that it may not profit,' Qyr. i. 3. 9.

/S. With AiXTBCTiyBS. Fjihtifut* . . r*v r^iwv PI. PhsBdo, 58 «. ^C\
umtui^n riir Ti;^»if # , Bfetaqfi m <% ^mcfe / Ar. Av. 1423. ^H riAjiif* l)^
wUif Soph. EL J 209. ^H )vrr«X«/y» v^if </»«ff mvim^ims Eur. Mid. 1026.

7. With Adverbs. Tetvmt Inxm rn$ rn'm^ilav, on account of this pass,
i. 4. 5. T«tf ^n iftuyttt innm, lest they should escape, ill. 4. 35. Ill^n
^' Ut/m r«i!^t r*? ^iC»v x^i" Soph. B3. 427. Hiv^tnSf ti tx'vraf r«»
A)iX^«i; r$ifn»ir0t^Cyr, v. 2. 7. X«X««'«ff ^i^M mhrSv Th. iL 62.

t. With Novks. *E^«} «'i»;ibf i!^ut »hr»u «^«rC«>^y, 'pangs on hS#
account,' Soph. Tr. 41. n«XXi^; yt^tUv r«v^* iv 2»nrv«i Xiri(#, 'hythii
beaid/ Eur. Or. 290. 07«f, r« T^t/atf ^r«r ilv«^^*ry «'«r^i lb. 432.

t. With Imtbbjisotioks. ^tv rmi itf'i^ht Alas far Ihe nMs mamt Oyt.
iiL 1. 39. AiW »m»Sf Eur. Here 899. 07/mi ^i^M^rtr »«) rixf^f,
slfiut V l/»«v lb. 1374. *0A^t»$v 0T^ar%6fAUT»t rtiii^t iEsch. Pttl
116. 'LitrTMrMi^ riwf umxSf Ar. Eq. 1.

C* Is StifPUB Exclamation. T«f rix^t, My iO-btck I Cyr. If. 2. 8. T9$
ftt0^i»t. What folly I Ar, 'Svih, 9\S. *il Ztu fia^tX%v, ^f Xirrtmrtt
«wf f^iMwy lb. 15"). "AfircXX** iLWr^Htun, rw ;^«r^ii/»«r«f Ar. At. 61.

^ 373. Remabks. 1. The Genitive of the end in tiew
is put with some words of direction^ claims and dispute.
Words of direction include those of aiming at^ throwing at^
going towards^ and reaching after. Thus,

'Av^^«'*ry rr«;^ii^ir/«4, to take aim at men, Cjr. i. 6. 29. Avr«v XH
ftmimt . . tffi9'T09'j they threw stones at him, Eur. BaMl^ 1096. Eltfv IIiX.
Xiivff; ff'irtr^flM, fl> ^y straight to Pellene, Ar. Av. 1421. T/r ya^ mvrf Irrtv
I^Tif Ttig it0xni iifr$wtUT4tt\ For who is there ^lat disputes wUh him At
mvereignty [mains for the sovereignty m opposition to him] ? ii. 1. 1 1. "fUvt
relireit #»««'0tf, V0ltvtr* Jif%0O( raiHt So(^ Ant 1033. 'Xljf, fl^i0
«rir^«v r«;^a f-fv Eur. Cyd. 51. *Iiv«i r«t; w ^ i r t , to go towards that which
is farther on, i. t. to go farther, to proceed, 1. 3. 1. Anyu i* t(tt ^^nffvfm
T$v 9-(OftraT0t Soph. Aj. 731. Otfru £»Ti«r«i«tf rr« i^irntp these
were rivals in valor, iv. 7. 12. B«riXi»ii« ffuru^ttavfitifut rix*if*
laying claim to the kingly art, PL PoL 289 e. T»v ll ^^^yiTt •? . . Af$^f
wCnrH Isocr. 96 c.

2. The student cannot fiill to remark the ease with which verbs of motion
pass into those of simple effort and desire. Thus, Itfttu, and, more commonly,
i^Uftmsy to send one*s self to, to rush to, to strive for, to seek, to desire ; i^iys'
fLMt, to reach after, to strive for, to seek, to court, to desire ; as, 'JifitfM Xi;^Uw
Soph. Tr. 5 1 4. T»7t "Hint ipifiiftt Cyr. iii. 3. 1 0. •Oei5«'#«' w ^X*«# ni
r«v Mem. L 2. 15. 2m»^aT$v( et^%x^nrn* lb. 16. Tiftins iiiyi^im Hier. 7.S«


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276 SYNTAX. — GBNltlYE OF PRICE, &C. [bC >K If* '

2. Genitive of Price^ 8fC.

^374. Rule XII. Price, value, merh,
ana crime are put in the Genitive.

m» Price. *l«r«r«r, h . . u.^ii»T» «'i»rn»«vr« )«^ti»*»», the horsCf which h»
had told for fifi^ doaricty vii. 8. 6. *^n'i0$m.t . . iu*(k /itirfm wtXXsu «^yv-
|/»v uL 2. *^1. n«XX«v TMf <XXMi i«'«X«i>v Mem. L 2. 60. T«v ^* i^v
wmt^tff puyetf ^vx^t ^ ^X«(«MM^*y •» Xt*'^*^ ftivtv Eur. Med. 967
A«(« )l ;^^il^ar«f •»» mnrn Isocr. 21 b. *Af*fiX»;^»f . . ««'fXvr{i»#'i r«-
A.«f cA'v lr»f« Dem. 159. 13.

jS. Yalub and Merit. n«xx«v £!^§t «f fr^mritf, worth mtteh to the armif^
ir. 1. 28. "Ajfi^tt S^M Tiit iXtv^t^ /«# L 7. 3. T«fv »«XX/«'«'«v Uvr^
A^uvTMyrM Hi. 2. 7. T« fiftiftm 9'$yX*) ;^«^r«vr<» a^/tvf t;^*>v Cyr. vii. S. II.
Ilmim . . Avc^«v ^v rtv, »«r»^» )* iffu Soph. Ph? 1008. 'Em^tm ^ifTf
rir 7<r«f itl^imt PI* PoL 257 b. Mt/^«v«f avtik n/tSfrtu m XmfiCmvtfrtt
Oyr, iL I. 13. £j «?r iir^i lutrM «■• ii»au»9 rng »^i»g nfMtaitUf r»vr4»
rtftSfuu rns iv Tl^vTanif rtr^ftmt PL ApoL 36 e. Ti^iwf yi rm,f ^9 W^-
Mf r«l^tf r£it Soph. Aj. 534. Il^tffvrwf rSv w^tJ^frm PL Mtfiex. 239
(for tbe common coii8tracti<m of «'ei«'«s see § 403).

y, Crimb. *A#iCii«f ^iv^ttrM, acoMttf of impiety^ PL i^L 35 d. Ai
«4(^«tfri ^ imk) I^»Xif^«r«r, • . hxmft^rimt Qyr. 1. 2. 7. AuSl^fuu n
)t<x;«f Ar. £q. 368. Km^w/mu TlMfiraij^tf SC^tug Ar. Av. 1046. T^
«'«r^ fifsv (w^i^;^4/iat PI. Euthjph. 4d. *E«'«uri«ri(^Mf fit fifv Dem.
55;^. 1. Ovhif h»x»t ^'** Xt4«r«r«(/«ar «v^ %itX'ims Lys. 140. 1, Ti<
mirmt »yfpi»f uwiu05ft H r»tt ifXXMf Dem. 293. 28.

KoTB. The Gen. is sometimes used to express the /yimuAment ; as, 0«vi(-
r« V ^ ^Stm t^ivtvrt, and these pronounce mntence of dMth, Cyr. i. 2. 1 4 . 2»X-
X»/ttCm949Tti vviiytv B-avartv H. 6r. ii. 3. 12. 'Ar^^«'*»v xetrn^n^pif^fivrt/w
^nfdrsv ^ ^vyns PI. Rep. 558 a. "flrr* h»x** ^*^f^ov ytyita^t Deau
1229. 11. — In this construction (which is rare except with Sa»«r«v), the
ptmithment appears to be regarded either as the deeert of the crime, or as the
md w view (§ 372) in judicial procedings.

3. Gtnitive of Sensible and Mental Object.

^97S» The object of sensation, thought, or emotion may
be regarded as its exciting cause^ and, in this view, may be put
in the Genitive. Hence,

Rule XIII. Words of sensation, and of men-
tal STATE or ACTION govem the Genitive ; as,

m. Or SeKSATIOX. 2iV«v iyturavr; tasted of food^ Wi, 1.3. 7<vrc
rif# ^^»t, * have a smack o^* i. e. ' try/ or * knock at,' Ar. Ran. 462. Tm
wm'iat . . ^ivrritfy ettptmrast 'give a taste of/ PL Rep. 537 a. 0?mv . .
i0p^mi9$^4aiy to catch the scent of taine, v. 8. 3. 0»^uC»v lixav^i %ik c-*»»
r«4**^ ***^»ft 'heard,' L 8. 16. T$u ^ vrnwTMV iliUrau it*»vvft,a,TaSy i^aiM*
rtmvTtif^ §tvn»»os i7 Mem. ii 1. 31. Ou» A«(««i^i»«i ti rod ifiovras Cyr. L
S. 10. KXi;«» ^aXactyyt Soph. AJ. 290. Oii^us H wu^ari 2* «^r«iv
ettw ^%fX% suit itvtria}! ouTi Tpirra^rat i7)f», evrt Xiyatrat K»a»0t Mem.


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/3. Of Pbrcbptton, Enowudkki^ BBFLBcnodr, Expertencb, and Habit
Ttif . • WtC»vXnt «v» ifw^tiftr*, he did not perceive the plot^ i. 1. 8. *OrM
AXXifXwy IvfUfmf Th. i. 3. 'Effff/ttv ^ r£v tiiir^tt Mem. iU. 6. 17
*£«ri«'ri}|W«v fTvM r*rv £^} ri^fij iL I. 7. &iXit 2* A'/i^tf ficmXXcf 4
r§^»i x»»£t tJvtu .^sch. Sap. 453. ^l^ttirnt • • ravrav r»v *(y«Ut *vni
•killed in,' CEc 3. 9. Tiit «^irSf . . •I'iifm 2t7 <^i«rf vny PI. Prot. 3i6 e.
Ki^4U . . Iv «'(<^f yivM^ to have teen well acquainted with Cj^rus {in the
knowledge of Cyrus by proof], i. 9. 1. Hgt^tifAtfai rttims rtis ra^ietf,
' making trial of/ iii. 2. 38. TSv rtt;^Sf hftMf trK^^y, 'attempt/ Th. vii.
19. 'EtfAWtt^tt yk^ jfrar e^s Ti.m^X.myetmf V. 6. 1. "A «r 11^44 hrti »uvm
iii. 2. 16. T*ry l/»«'ii^4tff aurw i;^«y«'M» ii. 6. 1. Sifts t^t rins if4£i%
Xiltatt PL ApoL 17 d. Ov r^iCtf if i^9t»iig Ax.Yesp. 14-29. *H.4a( tl/ti
^mt rZw r^git fikv4m Soph. £L 372. *Aff^tif r«S »tt/rm»evM Dem. 15. 27.

§ 37o« 7. Of Memory. Tauretv pMg fiiftttirmt, these Mngs no
one remembers, v. 8. 25.. Ovhvii irt rUrm Ift i/Avntp, 'made mention of/
vii. 5. 8. Tiif »^x*if fiiffif*»9%»PfA%9 Isocr. 12 c. Tpvtsv ^ mbvwt vv*
fHftfi^xtTi Cyr. iiL 3. 37. Mii ^* ^y«^yiir;if xaxSw Eur. Ale 1045.
Bi«if % Ttft; vetfivrat »u fipismf tx**t I Soph. £3. 392. TJy irA^6$it fiif Xiymv
Xm^MfAti* mft^et, 'forget,' Eur. EQpp. 288. "Tw^tt r«, Xn^tif rm >ca0'
li/tifmf »m»i9 Eur. Bacch. 282.

%. Of Gakb. K«)ir^«4 2tv^«v, to care for Seuthes, vu. 5. 5. T«vr«»
rM ^t? /»iXt«f , o^ Mif <ft«re mnaf fe to you a care, i. e. you must take care of
this, Cyr. L 6. 16. T«v «r«^' UtM-^ ^) ^^a^m kwifitiXi7T§ i. 1.5.
*A^iXi7y if/tMrv abrSf, 'to be careless of/ 'to ne^ect,' i. 3. 1 1. 'E^tfttxht
kymHtj eifitiXi^t ««»*lv PL Conv. 197 d. *H rnf vy$%las Ivt/AiXtsm Cyr.
L 6. 16. M«^ fA%ra/a,ixttit #m riir IftSit ^*>^i««» * repent o^' Cyr. viii. 3. 32.
"Eu vftl^ttfu ^iwf M^MVtn Tt ^(«vr/^iir, avx Av Ji/AtXsinf «vr«r» Mem.
i. 4. 11. ^uXmgg6'fti9»vf tSv rutfv Th. iv. 11. "O^mt mitrSv i9»»S$
tli»urt9 Id. viii. 102.

f. Of Desire. 'EfSvnf r^uvav, desiring this, iiL 1. 29. Efrtg ^^ Xi"'
ftarm \irt40fitt7, 'desires* [sets his mind upon; cf. § 373. 23, iii. 2. 39.
rx«;^«^ftrtf f rw ^f, eager for life, or clinging to life (J^ 370. N.), PI. Phaedo,
117 a. Titttn^ui x^f^^*"'f having hungered for wealth, Cyr. viii. 3. 39,
TloXts iXitf^t^mt ii^pnet^* PL Rep. 562 c. KirrSfr$t rns it^vns Ar.
Pax, 497.

^. Of Yariods Emotion. "Aymfitai Xtifcecrag, I (ubnire the spirit, "Enr.
Rhes. 244. Ov; ov» Af ^»«r;^ir^«f rnvrau /SariXiMrr^f, who would not en-
dure him as their king, ii. 2. 1. *ftf iyti ^t $1 ^icvnrtt, which I shall not
grudge to you, Cyr. viii. 4. 16. AlexV^ ^riyns y* f^«v«r«i, it is mean to
gruilge him our roof, i. e. to refuse ham admission, Symp. 1. 12. Mn^i ft.t
^hfif^s %vy/uiri»f, 'deny/ or 'reject,' .£sch. Pr. 583. 'Axx* sh fAsymt^t*
rwii et 'ttt^nftMTt lb. 626.

^377* Remarks. 1 . The idea of hearing passes, by an easy tran-
sition, into that of obedienee (obedio, to give ear to, to listen to, to obey, from ob
and audio, to hear). Hence, words of obedience govern the Gren. (cf. § 405. n) ;
as, Ttirevf . . ^tkfiXims eln ii»9VM, that these did not obey [or were not subject
to] Me ibtn^, iii. 5. 16. 01 7MLn^»Zx»* »Srt xaXwrvv turnKavat, * regarded
thdr invitations [listened to them calling]/ iv. 1 . 9. *T«rif»«M rei* M«#rv»04-
jMfv, subject to the MossynascL Ktcrnno^i n ^ettt rSv fi/Mtt PL Crili. 1 20 e.
'AvuffM^mr* ti rHv trmrfif Xiyff dliv n *St ; .£sch. Prom. 40. 2f«?» ni-
0twfat Th. viL 73. Ilitff xi^ »*X»vitr»$ itviJuf Cyr. iv. 5. 1 9.



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8. Yfirbs of tijiht oommoBly fOv«ni the Aoo. { ud many y«rbs vbleh are
followed by the Gen. aooording to this rule flometimee or often take the Aca
(eepedaOj of a neuter adjective) ; as, Et^ft$» rwt wa.tfttmt$ vL 5. 10. Ai
€0i»nTm %Km0T» Mem. L 4. 5. See §$ 424. 2. 432. 2.

4. Genitive of Time and Place.

^378* The time and place in which any thing is done
may be regarded as essential conditions of the action, or as
tooperating to produce it. Hence,

Rule XIV. The time and place in whicb
are put in the Genitive (cf. §§ 420, 439) ; as,

1. TiMB. '^x*'^* '^f fvxrif, he went in the night, Tfi. 2. 17. Ttivrm
ulf rnt nf*i(nf lyinr*, 'in the day/ vil. 4. 14. Tns ^i/Xnf >t iTxiiv, *in
the evening/ vii. 2. 16. "iUrt nis nf^i^nt Ixnt ^niXf§f . ., k)iXk liiXnt
£^i»«yr« iii. B. II. ESVi fvxrit ^im rtf tfrt »«} ii/ti^mti 'whether by
night or by day/ iii. 1. 40. hm^tXtvt 0v ^;^i7r«M hnm nft$(Sf, 'within
ten days,' i. 7. 18. *Orf «i^r« ^ ^sXXtS ;^f «v«v . . Iv-irv;^*!, 'now for a
long time,' i. 9. 25. '£^««vri# V Ifuiertif i/Ai(»ft 'evetyday/ vL 6. t.
IltkXMMit Tn$ iftifMt, man^ Hmee a de^ Ar. Eq. 25a IImu )t rsSn «iX.
X«Mf r«tf fttifit Cyr. L 2. 9. T^ n^^m^utut r0v /An* is 9 three ha^f-dariee
a month, L 3. 21. Tm? )' mbr^ ^ifvs Th. IL 28, 79, 80. Tw )' Wi^^iyv*.
ftifw x**f^*^*'s Wi»v, IS, 36, 51, 56, 116. '£$ lr*lv iXe^ts Ar, L^
280. Ovn ri; ^y«« «lfr««WM X^'''<' rv;^vM> PL Phiedo^ 57 a. JAirum . .
0V fucMfw p^(i9»¥ Soph. £L 477. 0«i»lri r«t/ X«4«r«v [so. X^ifee] wd^^ifUf
&* jMtxMf I>6m. 44. 12.

^ 3#If« 2. Place. Aut$u [bc ritrtu] f^tivafrif, remaining m tiiat
place, i. 10. 17. T«»)* t<Vf^i^4» rttxif*, 'within the walls,' Eur. Ph. 451.
*E(»(«f . . \'yxt»X»fAi9$vf Soph. AJ. 1274. KcriieX<«r«y . . M«»f}«v/«f
*Ainf»Toi XltfiiiMMtcv Th. v. 83. Tiif )• l4tf»/«r »«} kXXoti ^r$XXnx''^ **^X€^*
9%90fu^rou PI. Conv. 182 b. MijT* \fAinrt6ttt wnr^t'itt Soph. CEd. T. 825.
Tfif h ftn >C«iV 'e*" I^ CEd. C. 400. Hi J/*,, l«-i»/ririr«i lb. 689.

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