Alpheus Crosby.

A grammar of the Greek language online

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*Er;^«<r>K J' «^ itv^ae ntifi fii^r^ux^t Soph. El. 900. ^'S.^rimf fAWfAipti-
X§v%fTn»i9 Hin fttnXec JEach. Ag, 1056. AMtig i\ X**i^f '' ri^f#Ti«r«»tf
•Uw^t XnXyCis Id. Pr. 714. KTKA. Utri^as rif ;^i^f {* XOP. *£» )i|<f
r«t; Eur. Cyd. 68 1 . •

Remarks. «. This use of the Gen., to denote the place where, occurs very
rarely in prose, except in those adverbs of place which are properly genitives
(§ 320. I ) ; as, 0? [sc riv-av], in which place, where, ahrw, there, if^w, in the
same place, ovhetfAtv, nowhere, &c Cf. ^ 421. /3.

/3. In Epic poetry, this Gen. is sometimes employed to denote the place np/m
or over which any thing moves ; as, "^x^'*'** *tli»f, they advance upon th^
plain, B. 801. "Ennftn vtXiae wi^Ut* ^i«pr«f A. 244. *EX»if»um HtM /3«-
iiins irtinrif m^m-^** K. 353.

y. The ideas of plice and time are combined in expressions like those which
follow, rdating to jonmeying (Fr. joum^ a da^s-march, from Lat. diumus,
from dies, day) ; *E^Tanaiitx» yik^ rTaffUiw tSv lyyvrarm aviU t7xf^* Xoft
C«Mi», ' during the last seventeen day's-marches/ ii. 2. 11. *II^t^swyr«r •
fMnt^ttf KiXiv^aw JBsch. Cho. 710.


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Ofi. i.) «BKITIVX ACTIVX. 9^

. I. In the phiaae /mSi x^^itt in the fbDowing pssaage, the idea «f <uae is
combined with that of actum ; *E^n fumg mm x**i^ '^ ^Wm ri^i, ' at a ehiffle
stroke,' ' once for all,' £ar. Here. 938.

^880. III. That which produces any thing,
as its ACTIVE or efficient cause ; or, in other
words, that by which, as its author^ agent ^ or giver ^
any thing is nuiLde^ written^ said, done, bestawedy
&c., or jfirom which .any thing is obtained^ heard
learned, inquired, requested, demanded, &c.

To this division, which must obviously refer chiefly to per
tons^ belongs the following rule, which will of course be un-
derstood as applying only to adjuncts.

Cremiioe Actioe.

Rule XV. The author, agent, and oiyer
are put in the Genitive ; as,

«• Witii Vertw of Obtitfnfaig, Heiaring, Learning, Inqoiring, Beqaesting, A«
TWSrw ^i 0»v T¥x«9^ti «id iibtammg tkU of jfou, vL 6. 32. ^Hv 2i r«»
r»xi^^ l^iifituit SkMwn (§ 370) Soph. PhiL 1315. *A»«^wf Kv^«v X\i hrm
» . fiM^tXim i. 8* 13. T«ff »ar«XtXtij(«^i»*»y iitwidfttrs, in tl ft\t
0^f»ir. ,fx**^*t Meamed by inqoiiy fixim,' tL 3. 23. Kmi \wv9iAv§9T» 4
*A^»£i%t tHw ff*!^} Si9»^9rmt ri rk w»^k mmra^i^ttrnff 'inquired O^' lb. 25.
M^f a f)i0v, Z vrttTf »mi r«^f Cyr. i. 6. 44. Auvrat ii rsv »m} r«tlr« vL
6. S3. *Efit^ x^e*^'^ ^' ^' •'«<' ^*i^ (§ 357. N.) Qyr. v. 5. 35. 2»y yit^
• . fi(»x^* ^"* »t^i* f*^»9 Soph. (Ed. G. 1161.

§ 38 1. fi. With Passive Verba and Verbals. Uxtiyih ^uymr^ig
rif i/t,ns, tmittem by my doMghter, Enr. Or. 497. ^ttTig nwrnrnftUn So^
Aj. 807. TZv ^iXtitt vuutfMttVb, 135S. II«/«f fn^ifivnt rtZi* vwfr^m
^tis \iyut \ Soph. (Ed. T. 728. T«? »»»•» wir/ittu (pvni^ut Id. (Ed. C.
1S?3. 'A0i»vot n'yfirn^0s lb. I52i. Fi^^A^r IXO*** lb. 1519. KaxSw
yetf turdXttrt 4yiu$ lb. 1722. OiX«v JixXayras Soph. Ant. $47. Rf /vitl
)/2a»ri Id. El. 343. — TUs nse of tiie Gen. is poetic, and is most fi-eqaent
with the Partieiple.

y. With Substantives. S^fo^Sfras Kv(§v 'XftiCm^tf, Xenophon*8 Ex*
pedittan of Cj/rus, Oi fi>h Wm rut vSf w^trCtt^^atf Ivuifdtf ;(;a/|»«vr<y, «< il
yt^miri^H r«2f rSv »•»» rt/utTf Ay^XXnTOSf the yomng rejoice in the praitee of
their eUerif and the old delight t» Ae honon paid them by the yotrng^ Mem. !!•
1. 33. 'H^Af &Xmrtimft wanderinge comh^ by Juno^ JEach, Pr. 9(X). 'Sirew
I B»iia . . »ifutr» Soph. Tr. 1 13.

.^ 88«. IV. That which constitutes any thing
WHAT IT IS. To this head may be referred what-
ever serves to complete the idea of a thing or prop*


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erty, by adding some distinction or characteristic

Genitive Constituent.

Rule XVI. An adjunct defining a thinc
OR PROPERTY is put in the Genitive ; as,

T« Mif«»«f ^(£r$¥fu$, the arm^ of MenOj L 2. 21*

<5 S8S. Remarks, o. The xHrno oh property defined
may be either distinctly expressed by its appropriate toord^ or
may be involved in another word ; as, fiaadevg in fiaailivi% oa-
xQanriQ in aaiQamv^a (§ 389). Cf. §§ 351, 362. 5, 391. 6, 394
395. d.

Note. In particular, a4iective8 in which a substaottve is compounded with
ii'pnoative (§ 825), hare often It Gen. defining the substantive. See § 395.

§ 384* /?. A genitive defining a substantive is sometimes
connected with it by an intervening word, which is usually a
substantive verb. See, for examples, §§ 387, 390 ; cf. § 365. —
This fonn of construction may be referred to ellipsis ; thus,
Hv [av^Qunoq] ixoiv wf tgiaxovxa, he was [a man] of aboui
thirty years (§ 387).

§ 9S8. y, A substantive governing the Gen. is often tmdenUfod^
particularly vlUt son, «7»«f, houae, and other words denoting domuiie rdatkm
or abode. Thus, VXwt $ Ta^, Glus, the mm of Tamos, ii. 1.3. ^H Ai«f
[sc ^vy»T%^ "k^TifAtt Eur. Iph. A. 1570. Bv^riviK rns *lwvi»u [sc. yvmt
M§f'] Ar. Eq. 449. 0i/(«^i /»' iliuyxmr is ran liirraXw [sc «r»0v], 'to
Pittalus's [house],' Ar. Adi. 1222. £jV •viifit ^i2«rx«X«v «r««r«ri ^trn^m^Tm
Cyr. ii. 3. 9. Tm It 'A^^nrtfi/ ««»*!» Eur. Ale 76 1 (cf. '£» 'Aifctirtv ^ifuts
68). 'Ev "Ai^tfi; Soph. Ant. 654 (cf. £/» *Ai)«» )«/(Mif 1241). 'E» 'ArxX*
«Mv [sc /f(^] Mem. iiL IS. 3. EiV T^^^mUv [sc irr^tfv] Ar. Nub. 508.

). The Gen. is often used in periphrasis, particularly with xfif^** thing, and,
by the poets, with )i/cM(f, form, body, »d(»i head, ntfut, nnme, and similar
words. Thus, Aifucf *Aya^t^»0r0( = ^Aym/Aifufta Eur. Hec 723. *11 f /x-
rcr^v 7oir«i»«f 'laxda^rnt »«^« Soph. (Ed. T. 950. *il wtitttn h§f^ i/uXime
Ifniif Eur. Or. 1082. See § 395. «.

t. A substantive governing the Gen. is sometimes used by the poets instead
of an adjectioe ; as, X^vov . . iwHt, the gold of words, for 'E*^ Xi*'''^ 9'*^*^
words, Ar. Pint. 268. *0. fMirfis \/Ans riC«f uEsch. Pr. 1091. Iia>in%i»Mtt
fiUf Eur. Ph. 56.

§ 388* An adjunct defining a thing either expresses a
property of that thing, or points out another thing related^ to
It. An adjunct defining a property points out a thing rekUed
to that property. Hence the constituent genitive is either,
1. the Genitive of Property^ or 2. the Genitive of Relation. *


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1. Crenitive of Property.

§ 3 8 7* The Genitiye of property expresses quality^ du
mension^ age^ 6cc, Thus,

^» irSf tt$ r^m»§frm, he wot about thirty years old [of about thirty years],
it 6. 20. n«r«^» ffrm ri tZ^at itxi0^av i. 4. 9, a river being [of] a pie-
thrum in hreadA (cf. TlovetfAh ri tZ^t wXiffiaTov i. 5. 4, and see v> 333. 6).
[Ttixt^ iv^«r tJx»0i 9'»^S», S^f tk Immvcf fin»»s V Ixiytra iJvai $7x»-
#*< wm^afuyyiiv u. 4. 12. *0 ^ rSf «rv;^/«« fiioratf but a Kfe of quid
[sjB/S/M-ff iif»X*f9 ^ V*^ ^]* ^^* ^^^'^^ ^^^* 2r0X/)« . . T^i/^i; [ssV^v.
^f^«r] Eur. Ph. 1491. T*^^^^* tx^t T*Xftn$ ^^•rm^at [= *i/t*» t«X/ccii^0»] i
Soph. CEd. T. 533. T« )) euf/t^nu^ai . . ;^(«»«i> «'«XX07 [i«'ri], »«} «'«7;^«.
At«'M PL L^. 708 d. "E^rtv i itiXtfUf tvx I^Xatf rtf«'Xi«y, ^AXA }»^£vti§
Hi. L 83. *0r« 47ff «Mf yfmfAfit n^ttf lb. 113. TaZS* i^S vXXau wifau
Enr. Ph. 719.

. NoTB. It is obvious from the examples above, that the Gen, of property
perftnns the office of an adjectioe. Its use to express quaUty, in the strict
sense of the tenn, is chiefly poetic

2. Genitive of Relaiion.

§ 3 8 8* The Genitive of relation, in its full extent, in-
cludes much which has been already adduced, under other and
more specific heads. The relations which remain to be con-
sidered are, (a.) those of domestic^ social^ and civil life ,
(b.) those of possession and ownership ; (c.) that of the object
of an action to the action or agent ; (d.) those of time and
phice ; (e.) those of simple reference^ of explanation^ &c.

The Genitives esqpressmg these relati<ni8 may be termed, (a.) the Gen* of
todal rebUkm, (b.) the Gen, jootseistoe^ (c) the CTen. lAfeetive, (d.) the Gm.
of local and tniponi/ relaikm, (e.) the Gem» of rtftrmce^ of eacplamation, |ne.

^ 389* ^ GsinTivx OF Social Rbulteon.

*0 9m ^ai^tXitg yypamtit rnhx^at, the brother of the 1dn^$ wife, ii. 3.
17. Ti?y *O^^v0m* ^rtXU vii. 3. !6. AauXavt ravratf L 9. 15. *H»
•^•y fatr^A^nv iminn i. 1. 2. BetanXtuatv [=s Ba^iXtlff £$ § 383. «] aivraif
V. 6. 37. T^ ^mr^mtrtvam [=» raraei^if avrt] r^s X*'^*^ iiL4. 31. (See
also § 350.) Ttlvan , . rnt 'Exx.Jdf (cf. § 399) iii. 2. 4. Tw ir^Xi^f
l;^^(«rf Yen. 13. 12. Taut i»f/y«v Ix^ifraut, , , ravt Kufatf fiXaiff iii, 2, 5,
/Lk ns laturSf waXifuatt X^f^** through the country of their enemie$, iv.
7. 19.

Remabk. To this analogy may be referred the use of the Gen. fbr he
Dat., with scnne adjectivea implying intimate connection ; as, *0 ^i ^nfot ^ari
fuyytaiif raS Kv^«t; ittaity and he who once eaid Ant he was related to Cyrus,
or a rdatice of Cyrus, Gvr. v. 1. 24. OvV h J^vwatnaf raav nmrat ^i* ^i»fi
Soph. Ant. 451. Aantimifiavas tk yau» rt< \ Em". UeL 495.
^»X** <^««) I^Lii»«^«» ifia^raXav Soph. CEd. T. 21 J. Ta9 laan^dnvt fakt
i/aaififtaav Fl. Soph. 218 b. Tnt^* Jlif^ Soph. £1. 87. 'AxaXaviai
rmSrat rdfrm AXXfiXatv (Ee, 11. 12. *il piyyat S^tap )i«)«;^«» Soph. Ph.
H67, *0 xvCt^nivtif ra rnt 9tm »«i aatvrZt ki) \uft,^%^at vat^pvXdrrata


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969 8TUTAX. — GWriXXV* ^OWMBiyp. [ BOOK Ik

PL PoL 396 e. Tk w^Jt^ft^m rSit wit lem^si^m ^9f*P^f ^mr. HeL 508
Cf. §§ 399, 400, 403. — It will be observed, that, in some of these ezampleB
the ac^ectiTB maj be r^gwrded m used substMitivvly, and fliat this eonstruflF
tion is not confined to the names of persons.

b. Gemhivb PossBignrx.

§ 390* The Genitive possessive denotes that to whick
any thing belongs as a possession^ potoer^ rights dvly^ qudLUy^
k>c. Thus,

Ik Si>iyy(ri«f /3«riXi<«, the palace cf SyennenSf L 2. 23. ^r«v mi '!».
unmi wiXuf Tirr«^i^r*0f , the I<nuan citiei bdonged i» T^i»$(i^phernei, L 1,6,
TSv /Uf yk^ 9t»m9Tt09 ri »mrm»etiftiff rSv il nrrmfAiitmf r» itvrttvnfmuB
l^rit for iti$ the part of vietore to hUl^ but of the vanquished to dtCj ilL 2. 39.
X^iivn h Mi)«i> »aX»o/Aifn L2. IS. Aut»u yk^ tJvai ^n^tf, IwtUn^ Kv^«i»
UtC9 ii. 5. 38. T4UT§v ri tZ^as ^v* vXU^m, L 2. 5. T^f yk^ tt^mtTttt
Irri »«) rk l«vr«r r«^m, »m.) rk «w» htrmfititttf XafitCJintf iJi, 2.39.
*Hv*v/««fv «tfr«l» UiXn^rt yniHmtt 'your own mfXk* L e, ' independen V
Dem. 42. 10. Tik wix.ta0s hrut, true to the state, hoar* IBS b. 'Hr*^ «l
K(i»9rst «'f#rrir#i/ yty^eiyl^aftoi Soph. CEd. T. 411. *AXX* Ur) rtS xU
ytrttt h f^Uui Xtyif, *at the mercy of tlie speaker,' lb 9l7. MnJ' tt fu^
"^tyu ittw rt«arriif, ' make youre,' Id. Ant. 546.

v391» Rkmarkb. «. The idea of possession is sometimes modiiled
or strengthened by an adjective or adverb ; as, *Ii(^r i X'*Z*^ *''*' *A^«^^
the spot tt sacred to Diana [consecrated to be Diana's], v. 3. 13. 'I)/*»v Uv-
r«v %TnfAir»0Vt of his own acquisitions^ PI. Menex. 247 b. 0/ )i xii/tovt tm
X^i^nxTit Uitt Dem. 26, 11. Ti tU^Ttv \»etri^ov ^fiftuav PI. ThesBt
193c. T«v t^sfrmrovm m'ort^m »$tf»f efu Uteu vuvrtn M^mwiw \ H. Conv;
205 a. T«f hfuri^ut tlUmt Xwtx^V^ ^ 189 b.

fi. A iMMfer adjeaHee used substanthefy takes the Geo. poesesnve, in connect
tMfe with verbs of praise, bUuney and womier ; as, TtSr* WmvH 'AynrtXmem, I
^mmemd ^is m A^esikms [this characteristic of Agesilaos], Ages. 8. 4. S}
ftift^svrm fJiXi^ra nfiuiv Th. L 84. "AxXa ri «*•!> «r«XX« iyecfuu Symp. 8.
1 2. *Eim»f$m0M airsS WfSrsf fiU t*St» PL Phndo, 89 a. TsSrs . . iv rtit
»vr} JMtri^'i'y ' ««^ i^«* ^avfuifau r»u ^(i»v PI. Bep. 376 a.

y. Ellipsis. Hie possessor is sometimes put in the case belonging to the
thing possessed, with an ellipsis of the latter, particularly in comptxrison ; aa,
^A^fMtra • . t/Mt* IniUif [^s r»7$ lutivty Mffuc^t], chariots similar to his [char*
tots], Cyr. vi. 1. .50 (cf ["A^^arc] tfMtu rt7s Kv^»v 2. 7). *0^«i«» raus ^$4-
Xettf tSx* fl^" Uinru Cyr. v. 1. 4. *n«rX<r^iv«i . . ratt atltratf Kv^f K^Xms
Cyr. vii. 1. 2. '''E;^of&t¥ rtifAarat IxtciniTt^a ravratv, we have bodies better ahU
than theirs, iii. I. 23. Mi^' i^fft^ri^s- r«r^i [== rk rHvh »«»«] raTg •^•Tf
matxaTf Soph. GSd. T. 1507. "A^x^vrtg fiUaf ix^rtt r« aturmt L 8. 22 (ct
B««'<Aiv; ^ rart ftifav tx**^ ^^' mvraZ erfurtit 23).

). The verbs «^«, to «me/Z, frvi^, to breathe, and «'(«rC«XX«, to cmtif, may
take a Gen. defining a noun implied m these verbs § 383. «) or understood
with them; thus, "OT^avn trirrtig, they smell of pitch [emit the smell oi
pitch], Ar. Ach. 190. Tm xt^Xns aim /tu^au (% ^55) Ar. EccL 524. T^
tfMtriiw a^nvu it\$arnTaty ' there wiD be a smell of/ Ar. Vesp. 1058. *iU
iiv fiM «r^«#«<rMvn x**i^'*'* xttit Ar. Ran. 338. llaitt fiparay /m «>«ri«
Ukti Ar. Pax, 180.


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oil. I.] OBJECTIVE. 9S§

1. It vin b« ftbtemd, that the amUim jwMHirfni |p tlw exact oonvmeof
liie Chniiwe of proper^ (§ 387), the one denoting Aat wUek potmn u, and
the other, that which u po$$es9mL

0. GuNiTivK Objjeutivk*

^393* The object of an action, regarded as wch^ is pot
tn the Accusative or Dative (^ 339). But if the action, instead
of being predicated by a verb, is merely represented as a thing
or property (or as implied in a thing or property) ^ by a noun^
(fdjective^ or adverb^ then its object is usually regarded simply
as something defining thai thing or property^ and is conse*
quentiy put in the Genitive. Thus,

1. Genitivb of tub DutBcr Object. *0 Pi»v(»^XH rht ^»>.m»ht
i^ftr«^ii, the commander of a garruon reviews Mm troops, CEc 9. 15; but,
V^t i^ir«r<ff wm'rm rS* '£xx«y*»v, (^rus makes a review ef the Greeks,
L7. I ; Tjvv TMtfVTA^v '^cy* l|fr««'ri»«r, Jitted to review su^ matters, "Menu
L 1.7. T«» Sx.t4^»9 tSv ^vrrfmTiMTiv L 2. 26. 'lit yafus . . iX'ti^tti
fiXttf JEsch.Ag, 1 156 (cf. l^iyyet iikt^tv yi^^nf 1329). T^ wrt^CtXp
r«v S^0Vf iv. 4. 18 (cf. *T«ri^iC«XX«» ra S(ti 20). Ka^)/«f )it»n}^<« £ur.
Hec 235 (cf. AaMfU ^^iwrn Id. Heracl. 4 83). AiW»«Xi»«» • . rt^ims PL
Both jph. 3 c JAM^nrki lar^$Mns PL Rep. 599 c. "AxXfi/r T»t9urm*
Titit fiahriKws lb. 475 e. *A^Tifia0ni »»xSi Eor. Hec. 686. 'O^t/Aafi
• , tZv «rXi«»i|«*?y Cyr. L 6. 35. T«^i»^f ri ««} Jl»«»rirt«f ^tktftM-
ii^T»T»t i, 9, 5 (ct, 2«f^0rvrifv «ara/(Mc^M 3). A§i4^» 'Si'rmt fr^ttrim*
rSf, Imt without the knmoUdge of the soldiers, i. 3. 8 (of. AtJitv aitrn Atrtk*
$m 17). JL^u^m, rZt 'Xintulmt Th. L 101. *A.wmin »«»«» viL 7. 33.
'AwasityTsvf fA99fi»nt Cyr. Ui. 3. 55.

S. Gbmitivb of thb Indibbot Objbot. ESx*^^»i rut • • ^ftt, it
puy to <A« ffods, ir. 3. 13 ; but, 0t«?v stx^f* prayers to Iha gods, PL
PlMdr* 244 e. Ti^ ref :»i«v i^^Mir« Ear. Iph. T. 399 {cL Bptn 5t^ 1035>
Tj^f rSv »^$if0ift0f hvXiiaf Th. L 8 (c£ Tm4t Iti^fmtt hvXiUn Mem. i. 5*
5). '£«'iC«i>Xttrr«v rr^«r«?, of a plotter agaxHtt the host. Soph. i^. 726
(o£ '£«'iC«tfXiM4 mvr^i, 1. S). 2v><7rf«j^f r^rf ^y^^i^ir/Mnr k^a^rn/A^rmv
Cjtm tL 1. 37 (c£ *^tyJ» Wi funyiyut^iu^ lU TlL 5. -SQ).

^ 303* RmffARKB. «. In like manner, the Qtn. is employed irith
MOMM, to denote relations, which, with the corresponding adjectives, are denoted
hy Hub Dot.; m, Tim «w» *£xxiff»f tvMMM, />«m good-wUl to the Cheeks,
Vf. 7. 20 (cf. "BOfmt )S r«« £f viL 3. SO). T^ In^ Jt A»)^ j| tVi'toif U.
UXm r$$mlh Soph. CEd. C 631 (cf. Th shfum «'Sxt4 Id. Aat SIS).

/^ Tlie Gen. is-sometimes employed; in like manner, fbr a preporitlon with
its case ; as, *Ef kifCdru ritf yiis, in a descent upon the kmd, Th. L 108
(cf: 'AitiCn if rJ^f ynn H. Gr. I. 1. 18).

y. To the Oen, cf the direct ol(fect may be referred the Gen. with «7rMf and
its derivatiTes ; as, Ti mTtmv riif r«'M»&, M« CMtMe </ <Ae hasU [that vdiich
was causative o^ &c], iv. 1.17. Tturttw w ro mMa, you are not responsibU
for [the canse of] these things, CEc 8. 2. Ol r*» wXi/^v uirmrmrM, Ike prin>m
eiptU avthors of the war, H. Gr. iv. 4. 2. T»vr§» 2«f»(«mv ^ mmrfiYt^ mMU
r«i, fortUsthe accuser blames Socrates [makes S. tiM autlior of thk], T'
L S. 26. See § 374.


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984 8TKTAX. — aENtTivB. [book xh'

). The Gen. in its mwe active uses (^en employed to denote agettt^ posses'
tor, &C.) has received the special designation of the Gen, subjeetwe^ in distinc*
tion f5rom the Gen. objective. The following passages contain examples of botlt
kinds: T^» niA.««'0( fch ettrirfit IliXffrtfyyiirfv xaraXft'^t^, Pe^i^** eeiz'
ttre of ail Peloponnesus^ Isocr. 249 a. Tat rHv 0i»iifl#» ^^av^XatxiffUs r«tf
yi^ett PL Bep. 329 b. Th ixtivwy ^ixXir^i* rUt if hftmt }iii«»« Th. ilL
12. Adjectives taking the place of the Gen. are, in like nkaansr^ naed both
subjectively and objective^. See § 503.

d. Genitivb of Local and Temporal Selaxion.

% 394. The Genitive is extensively employed in defining
local and temporal relation, particularly with adverb$ of place
and timey and with words derived from them. Thus,

"Xyx* y^ff *»*'"' ^ ^^^f Soph. CEd. C. 399. *Apri»v rni Aafitypaxea
H. Gr. ii. 1. 21. T»ut6u l»ayri«y vii.' 6. 23. 'Ayr<«r«^af rSt ^Xaytttt
Qyr. viL 1. 7. "At *> t£v iV^'iAry iv, 3. 3. 'A^f* t»u fcri w'l/yj* Symp. 4
37. 'Eyyuf tra^ethUtu ii. 4. 14. *Eyy*»f fAv^ia/v^ nearly ten thousand, V.
7. 9. E7r» r*lir j^iarv i. 2. 21. *E»r»f t6u T%lx»vt Mag. Eq. 7. 4. '£».
r«f iksyuwf except a few (§ 349), H. Gr. i. 6. 35. 2»*}w twiav Soph. Aj»
218. 'Evi^^t ytis iBsch. Pers. 229. '^y^iv »a) iv^i » r^*!* iv. 3. 28.
Tierm.ftMt itrof iL 1. 11. Teu TlXavrttvos i^ns Ar. Ran. 765. '^|« r«v
«rv>^y L 4. 5. Kiv^ii x«r« )jf ynr Soph. CEd. T. 968. Kv»X« tav rr^«.
r«<rf20v Cyr. iv. 5. 5. T$ ftirav t£v rti^^iif, the distance between the walls,
L 4. 4. *Ey fiiir^ iifitSf xai fianXivs ii. 2. 3. Mi«'0V«'i • . rns 9'o(^ia( PL
Pol. ^265 b. Mir«^ti r«i; ^aretfAov »a) rsif r^^^ou i. 7. 15. Mi;^(< r««
Mfj^/eef rufous lb. "OiTiV^ir lai/rik>» i. 7. 9* A«i/Xnf <r«)Anr «r«^«iVt»
Enr.'Hec 48. B*»^0v itiXms .£sch. Ag. 210. ITXnr/fv iTvaM r«D rf/^tv
viL 1.39. 'E«'Aif«'ia^«r . . ri^v ix^m Cyr. iii. 2. 8. ITf^Mv r«f; «'«r«.
/Mv ii. 4. 28. U^iri$9 rm oirXmf iii. 1. 33. "Tvt^ii ^ttfMU iEsch. Ag.
232. -^ It will be observed, that, in some of these examples, tbe word gov^
eniing the Gen. is used in a secondary sense. For the Dat. after some of thesg
words, see §§ 399, 405.

e. Gknitivib of Besxbiengb^ Explanation, Emphasis, &a

^39S. The constituent genitive has likewise other
iises, of which the principal are those of simple reference^ of
explanation^ and of emphatic repetition.

Note. In some of these nses, the Gen. rather denotes a relatioii between
two expressions for the same thing, than between two different Udngs, In such
cases, an apposUxoe might be snbstitated for it (§ 333. 6) ; and, indeed, in
some of the examples which follow (particularly with the compounds of A-
privaHve, § 383. N.), we might regard the Gen. as in apposition with a sub-
stantive implied.

«. With Substantives. H^i^rtt • . r«v xf^tit^uf, pretext for assembling,
L I. 7. T^mvv fAwwf fu^iif, three monthi pay, i. 1. 10. &uf£r*u rSx«f, the
snd [sc, of life], which is found in dtath, or amply, deatii, iEsch. Sept. 906.
e«»«r«i; rtXtvriw Eur. Med. 1 52 (cf. BUv riXtvrn Soph. CEd. C. 1 473). TI^^m
Tfit fttrm^lxt Soph. (Ed. C. 725. E/ ^i^xs fAniSi* t^rxt ff<pUt t$v A^xXXxyn^m
rtS xttStwv Th. vii. 42. Miy« . . xV^f^ * * "^^^ l/Avrihos, a monster of a gmA
(§ 385. l). At. Lys. 1031. 2m( fi,'ty$9r»v Xt^f^» S<^ ^- 357 (cf. E«««.
tdXXu r«» Ix«^«v, xxXit rt xi^f*'^ '^ <^« Gyr. i. 4. 8). Ti xA*^ **^


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9v»vSf At, Nab. ^ 'S^thimrS*. itdfurtXv n xfi/'^ QT'* ^ ^* ^* ^'^ *^'
«4lf ^iX^f mrtfiMt TUt »mfti^»^4ttf, on account of hU $igter*s being denied tht
fionor of bearing the aacred baeUt, PL Hipparch. 229 c See also § 333. 6.

/3. With ADJEcnvBS. "A^'msg ii tl/At affUuit itetttttf^ and I am ehUdleee at
to nude children^ Cyr. iv. 6. 2. *fi rUia itar^it itvirt^m, Eur. Here 114.
"XpXtt ^/x«» Id. HeL 524. "Av-tv-X^s ^tt^iu* XtuxSt Id. Ph. 324. TlxtiyHf
Ja^in Ar. Nab. 1413. X^ti^rm . . Jti^firetTcs Th. ii. 65. "Atrxtvtf . •
it^ittUtt Soldi. EL 36. 'At^Jf^H S^t ^(nww lb. 232. "Afttut tM* rnt
Ae»i Id. (Ed. C. 865. *£» A^pmXu $Ui r«v ^4f^» «'«^srr Cyr. iii. 3. 31. 0(«.
m iT wpXXdv [sc d^««'«i>;], j/vm ors very audaeioue [bold with mach boldnees3»
Ar. Nub. 915. 0v7«ni^ . . yof^su i^n i^aia Cyr. iv. 6. 9. TiXfi«v iimm
r«f . . i^tr^f PL Leg. 643 d. Tv^X«« ^ r«v «UX»v Iwdfrmf Sjmp. 4. 12.

y. With Adverbs. *E(Srr»4 A^v, i»i/f«v 7i*t»4is cT will be permitted wt, at
far a$ respect* him, Cyr. iii. 2. 30. "O/MtPt r»Ts rvpXdtt Hv ^fAif, Xnnti yt rSw
iftirif^f i^^mkfuift * ^ aU the good oor eyes would do as,' Mem. iv. 3. 3*
KjKkSf «'«^ii«'X«v nuratf it is well mtutUed in regard to the voyage, Th. L 36*
T«v ir^U *ASnfm,Uvf wXiffV MrnXSt $Uit»Ts U««m ^ ^iXtf nttiitiraficu Id. iii. 92*
tnt ri I**} 0^f»n( vm^»w x^'*l^i ^' ^* (See also § 363. /3.) ^TpAt
Avrtu ifiit§iit9 yttUimt r«v i^t mvTtvt rSn *£XXifr«fy H. Gr. vi. 5. 38.

%. With Ybbbs. Tiff WtiCiXm§ . . nn^SnUrrm [» it »iv^vv« •'«-«], 6e%
in danger of the fine for faim aecueation, Dem. 835. 14. Td^dv . . r«» fth
w(0Tifa(, rif V UrtfMi^nfj having bestowed upon the one, and denied to the oUter,
the honor of eepuiture (r«^«v defining «T^iiv implied in WfrUmt and AnfiUifmu
$ 383. «), Soph. Ant. 21.

§ 396. General Remark. Great care is requisite in
distinguishing the various uses of the Genitivo, inasmuch as,

1 .) The Gen. may have different uses in oonnec^on with the same word ;
•8, with linsim and «Xva* (§§ 356, 375, 380), with hpfutt (v^ 357. N, 380),
with «'XMfi»ri« (5§ 351, 367), with ^tftTrif (§§ 349, 362. Z), with ^if^
and vfUet (§$ 347, 363). — The ose of the Gen. with substantives is ea*
pedaCy various.

2.) A word may have two or more adjuncts in the Gen. expressing differ-
ent relations ; as, ^AsAtm^tt (§381. y\ V^m (§ 391. t), rvyx»*»t and ^iumt
(§ 380. «). See § 393. ). , •

C. The Dative Objective.

^ 397. That towards which any thing
nJNDS (§ 339) may be resolved into, i. That
cowards which any thing tends, as^ an object of
approach; and ii. That towards which any thing
lends, as an object of influence. Hence the
Dative objective is either, (i.) the Dative of Ap-
puoACH, or (ii.) the Dative of Influence; and
we have the following general rule : The Object
OF Approach and of Influence is put in the


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1t8$ WfJKtAt. — SATITB. [BOOK H&

Dative; Or, m other words, irfnce neither ap-
proach nor influence are regarded as direct action^
An Indirect Object i^ put in the Dative.

KanBB. «. Hie Dot, of afproaeh ia cowmonly asLpreaaed in Eng. by
file prepoation to, and the DaU cf m/Inmce^ bj the prqxMitlona to and for,

fi. The l>jasvK oajBorpn ia the uimw w at the GENmrs ; Ihe AA
^ approach oontraathig whfa the Otm. of dtpart m e, and the Dai. of h^mtmm
fpHh the Om, of oaum. See §§ 8S8, S99, 345.

(i.) Dathtb of Appkoach.

§308. Approach, like ita opposite, departure {% ^4IS^^
may be either in place or in eharaeter* Hence,

Rule XVII. Words of nearness and like^
NESS govern the Dative.

KoxBB. •• Worda of ffttmw aie ra^ated to thoaa of ncarmw, m the aame
mauner aa worda of dutmeikm aie ralated to thoee ci aqMratkm (§ 346. N. V

/S. Fbr the OeMm after aome wwda 6t ncamem and Bkenea, aee §§ 389^

1. Datwe of Nearness.

^399* Words of nearness may imply either being near^
coming near^ or bringing near ; and to this class may be re-
ferred words of union and mixture^ of companionship and ti»-
tercowrse^ of meeting and following^ of sending to and bring"
ing to^ 6£c. Thus,

TltXArmt • . rjf tUHf, to approach the entrance, iv. 2. 3. 07»w xt^d^mg
mMi9, havhg mited it tM wine, i, 2. 13. *£^/'0rr«i ^/»rv, <A^ wtU foBom
fcm, iii. I. 3(?. ni/i«'«f avr^ £^^1X09, sentUng a maunget to him, i. S. 8.
1R»rif v'Xnrtairdr^ ^i^^tt 2fv^if »m^4fiw( vM. 3. 29. 2«} «'iX«# S^»MPf
f;^ii* iBsoh. Sup. 208. ^Eyyiig nftTv yr/Mau Cjr. iii. 2. 6. Ini^ru X^

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