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Amasa J. (Amasa Junius) Parker.

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first house of worship was built a little south of Zeh's grist mill
and was in use until IS/O, when a new building was erected, which is
the one used at the present time.

There was a Methodist church at Reidsville which was organized in
1830 and had a feeble existence. The Methodist church at Berne
village was organized July 11, 1845, and the house of worship erected
soon afterward. The first trustees were Thomas Miller, Datus E.
Tyler, Oscar Tyler, George Possing, Franklin Smith and Abram Ball.
The society was actively promoted in its early years by Dr. H. K.Willard
and Abram Ball, who acted alternately as president and secretary of
the society until 1862. After that the church was maintained largely
through the work of George E Shultes. The society has not been in
active existence for some years.

The First Christian church of this town is situated in Reidsville and
was organized December 26, 1821, with fifteen members, In 1823
through a revival there were forty- nine members added. After a period
of decline the congregation was again enlarged with thirty seven mem-
bers through a revival in 1832. In the following year the present church
was built. About 1840, under the pastorate of Elder James Conkling,
jr., another revival added sixty-four to the membership. In 1841 a



513

new confession of faith was signed by 156 members, taking the title,
" Christian" as their only name and the Holy Scriptures as their only
written rule of faith and practice. The society has ever since main-
tained an active existence and now numbers nearly one hundred
members.

The Second Christian church was organized September 13, 1836,
through the eftbrts of Elder A. L. Taylor. Meetings were held in school
houses until the present church edifice was built ; it was dedicated Oc-
tober 15, 1836, and has since been extensively remodeled and im-
proved. The church is situated in the extreme southwest part of the
town, owns a parsonage and has more than one hundred members.

The Christian church of South Berne was organized in the Friends
meeting house, east of the village, February 16, 1854, with twenty-four
members, under the ministry of Elder Calvin Southwick. In the
following year the old store north of the James Cornell building was
purchased by four of the church members and services were there held
until the completion of the present church edifice in 1864. Under the
ministry of Elder D. P. Warner, 1856-1869, the society prospered, but
in the past ten years it has declined.

The supervisors of this town from its organization to the present time
have been as follows :

Jacob Hochstrasser, 1795, 1799; Amos Jones, 1796; Johan Jost Deitz, 1797, 1798,
1801-1807, 1813, 1813, 1818; Benjamin Fowler, 1800; Abel Hinckley, 1808, 1809;
Joshua Gallup, 1810, 1811; Malichi Whipple, 1814-1817, 1831, 1831, 1833; Gideon
Taber, 1819, 1820; Jesse Wood, 1823, 1833; Stephen Willes, 1834 ; James D. Gard-
ner, 1835, 1836, 1835; Chester Willes, 1837; Henry H. Lavvson, 1838, 1830; Albert
Gallup, 1839; Daniel .Simmons, 1833; Lawrence Van Deusen, 1834; Moses Patten.
1836-1838; John Warner, 1839; Jacob Settle. 1840, 1841; Henry I. Devoe, 1843. 1813,
1860, 1861; Oscar Tyler, 1844, 1845; Samuel H. Davis, 1846, 1847, 1856, 1857; John
I. Bogardus, 1848; Daniel G. Fisher, 1849; Henry A. Van Wie, 1850, 1851; Jackson
King, 1853, 1853; Silas Wright. 1854, 1855; Z. A. Dyer, 1858, 1859; David Conger,
1863, 1864, 1866; WilHam D. Strevell, 1863; David S. Dyer, 1865; Adam J. Warner,
1867; James A. Reamer, 1868; Alfred Hungeford, 1869, 1870; William Zeh, 1871-
1873; George H. Reinhart, 1874, 1875; Frederick W. Conger, 1877-1881; Thomas J.
Wood, 1876, 1882-1887; Isaac White, 1888, 1889; Thomas J. Wood, 1890, 1891, 1892;
Calvin S. Dyer. 1893-95; Wallace A. Peasley, 1896-present time.



CHAPTER XXIII.

THE TOWN OF GUILDERLAND.

Guilderland is the central of the three northern border towns of Albany
county, and was formed from the town of Watervliet on February 26,
1803, and contains about 33,000 acres, nearly 30,000 of which are im-
proved. The surface of this town is greatly diversified. In the west-
ern part the Helderbergs rise to a height of eight hundred feet above
the valley levels, their walls in places being very precipitous. In the
central part the surface is undulating, while in the eastern part there
are the sand ridges that characterize all that region. The principal
streams are the Norman's Kill and its branches, the Bozen Kill (a name
derived from " Boos," angry, because of its rapids and falls). Black
Creek, Wildehause Kill, and Hunger Kill. The lower course of the
Norman's Kill in this town is through a narrow ravine, with steep clay
banks. The soil of the town is light and sandy in the eastern part, and
gravelly loam mixed with clay in the western part.

In accordance with the law erecting the town the first town meeting
was held on April 5, 1803, at the house of Henry Apple, and the fol
lowing ofificers were elected :

.Supervisor, Nicholas V. Mynderse; town clerk, Peter C. Veeder; assessors, Isaac
Van Aernam. Abraham Veeder, Peter Relyea ; commissioners of highways, David
Ogsbury, Frederick Crounce, Charles Shaver; overseers of the poor, Jacob Van
Aernam, Simeon Relyea; collector, Henry Ostrander; constables, Frederick Seger,
Asa Hutchinson, Peter Tarpennmg. Jasper Hilton ; poundmaster, Volkert Jacobson ;
fence viewers, Nicholas Van Patten, Asa Hutchinson, Peter Traber, Robert Grey;
overseers of highways, Jacob La Grange, Peter La Grange, Thomas Mesick, Nicho-
las Van Patten, John Groat, Peter Traber, Amos Goodfellow, James M. La Grange,
Isaac Van Aernam, Benjamin Wilbore, James Piatt, John Murray, Walter Vrooman,
Adam Hilton, Matthias Hallenbeck, Peter Bowman, George Brown, Abraham Veeder,
Ezra Spalding.

The usual regulations were adopted at that meeting for the simple
town government. Fence viewers were voted $1.25 per day, and $30



bounty was voted for killing wolves. The election of senators and
assemblymen in the town took place on April 26-28 of that year; the
records show that for senator 72 votes were given for John Tayler ; 67
for John Woodworth ; 6^ for Simon Veeder ; 67 for Edward Savage;
6y for Thomas Treadwell ; 46 for Stephen Lusk ; 47 for Moses Vail ;
47 for Daniel Paris; 47 for Ebenezer Clark; 44 for William Bailey.

In the vote for assemblymen (^Q were given for James Emmott; 66
for M. Schermerhorn ; 66 for John Beekman, jr.; 66 for John Jost
Deitz ; 66 for Peter S. Schuyler ; 66 for Moses Smith ; i for Nathan
Stanton; 3 for John Jackson ; 96 for Peter Gansevoort, jr.; 97 for Henry
Quackenbush ; 96 for Nathan Dayton ; 94 for John Jackson, jr.; 96 for
Nathaniel Gallup ; 97 for Isaac D. Ver Plank ; i for Nathan Gallup, and
1 for Peter Gansevoort.

Settlement in this town was considerably advanced previous to the
Revolutionary war, at which time there had come in families named
Crounce, Van Wormer, Severson, Van Aernam, Fredericks, Van Pat-
ten, Groat, Livingston, Winne, Becker, Ogsbury, Truax, Van Alstine,
Van Valkenburg, Henderson, Hart, Barckley, Hilton, Fryer, and
others. Many of these names are familiar ones in the town at the
present time. By the beginning of the present century the territory
in this section was well populated and mills and stores, schools and
churches, and the clustering hamlets that later became villages had
been established. As will be seen by the character of the names of
early residents, most of the settlers were Dutch, from whom came the
great majority of the pioneers of the county. The following list gives
the names of all residents of this town in 1803 who were qualified to
serve as jurors, and of course includes almost or quite all of the male
mature residents, of whom all those not otherwise designated were
farmers :

Job Earls, Abraham Bartlett, Abraham Van Wie, Simon Relyea, Leva Relyea,
I.saac W. Fryer, David Relyea, jr., George Brown, Peter Veeder, Christian Truax,
jr. (innkeeper), Lawrence Van Kleeck, Abraham Turk, John Banker, John Joice,
James La Grange, John Van Schaick, Jonas Smith, Petrus Van Patten, Abraham
Kelder, Jelles Truax, Albert Van Heusen, Abraham Spoor. Andrew Murray, Ezra
Spalding, Frederick Mynderse, Robert Dollar, James Irwin, Reuben Earls, Peter La
Grange, John Devoe, David Bogardus (carpenter), Jacob C. Truax, John Beebe,
William Davis, Peter Wurmer, John Fryer, Aaron Wurmer, Isaac A. Wurmer,
Amos Goodfellow, Michael Van Schaick, Peter McDougall, Christopher Batternian



516

(innkeeper), Peter Becker, Henry Shaver, Nicholson Severson, John Shoiuly (black-
smith), George Van Arnum, Henry Van Arnum, Frederick Crounce, Conrad
Crounce, John Crounce, Martin Blessing, Matthias Hallenbeck, Nicholas Winne,
John Mann, Garret Long (carpenter), Nicholas V. Mynderse (merchant), Henry
Jacobson, Peter I. Livingston, Michael S. Frederick, Matthias Frederick, Jacob Rel-
yea, John Bloemendall, Jacob La Grange, Samuel Covenhoven, Peter Van Aucken,
Cornelius Van Valkenburgh, BarentVan Waggoner, David Ogsbury, Henry Apple,
Peter Traber. Charles Traber, Henry Shoudy, Volkert Jacobson, Adam A. Vrooman,
Nicholas A. Sixby, Thomas Beebe, John Weaver, jr., Philip Schell, Henry Van
Schoonhoven, John N. Clute James Platto, Jacob N. Clute, Evert Van Arnum,
George Scrapper, Andrew Spaarbeck, William Snyder, James Ray Charles Shaver,
Martin Spearbeck, Isaac J. Van Arnum, Jacob Sitterly, Benjamin Wilbore, David
Wilbore. James Shaw, Robert Grey, John Douglas. Simeon Lanehart, Henry Lane-
hart, Thomas Van Arnum, John Jacob Van Arnum, John Lanehart, Obediah Cooper,
Jacob M. De Forest, Garret O. Lansing. John M. Van Der Pool, Henry Van Auken,
Levy Van Auken, John Howard, Adam Hilton, George Severson. John Hilton, Daniel
Wolford, Henry 1. Schoonmaker, Henry Van Beuren, Charles H. Huner, Peter N.
Van Patten (merchant), Michael Barclay, James McKee, Nicholas Beyer (innkeeper),
William Hilton (carpenter), Philip Fetterly, John Whetsell, Benjamin Walker,
Thomas Beaver, Vincent Springer. Benjamin Howe, Benjamin Howe, jr., John F.
Quackenbush, Abraham P. Truax, John Ramsay, Frederick Ramsay, Philip Ram-
say. Richard Ward, Christian Caley, jr., Bartholomew Sharp, John Sharp, John
Waggoner, John Vine, Nathan Fitch, Thomas Mezeck, John Schell, William Von
Arnum, Isaac Hallenbeck, Jacob Totten, John Ward, Silas Hotan, Peter Relyea,
George Van Nest and Stephen Pankburn.

A similar list, compiled in 1824, included the following names:
George Batierman, Jonathan Brown, Simon Brodt, Thomas T. Beebe, Abijah
Beebe, William S. Beebe, Martin Blessing, Adam Blessing, Peter Bloomindall, Adam
Bloomindall, Abram Bartlett, jr., John Beebe, Jacob Bensen, Jonathan Becker,
Thomas W. Beebe, James Cassidy. HenryCram, Philip Crounce, jr., Nicholas Crounce,
Conrad Crounce, John Crounce, Jacob N. Clute, John N. Clute, William Clute, Chris-
tian Caly, Adraham Cass, John Chase, Wilhelmus Devoe, Henry Frederick, Matthias
M. Frederick, John I. Fryer, Jacob Fryer, William Fisher, Henry R. Furbeck, Abra-
ham Fryer, Cornelius Goodfellow, Simon Grote, Jellis Gray, Peter Hilton, Jr.,
Gershom Hungerford, Isaac Hallenbeck, Jacob Hallenbeck, David Hart. James
Hilton, Robert H. Howard, William Humphrey, James Houghton, Henry Jacobson,
Jonathan Johnson, Frederick Kunholtz, Christopher Kunholtz, Jacob I. La Grange,
Aaron Livingston, James M. La Grange, Peter I. Livingston, Peter Livingston,
John I. Livingston, Andrew La Grange, Peter D. La Grange, Simeon Lanehart,
Michael Lanehart, John F. Mynderse, John McKown, Jonathan Mynderse, Myndert
Mynderse, John Mann, Cornelius Mann, John Merrick, Thomas Ostrander, John D.
Ogsbury, David Ogsbury, jr., Peter Ogsbury, Andrew Ostrander, Barent Ostrander,
Samuel Ostrander, Christian Ostrander, Stephen Pangburn, William Pangburn. jr.,
David Pratt, Isaac Quackenbush, John F. Quackenbush, Jacob Quackenbush, Myn-
dert Relyea, Jacob D. Relyea, David Relyea, David L. Relyea, Levi Relyea, Giles



517

Higgles. David P. Relyea, Adam Relyea, Peter D. Relyea, John Shoudy, Martin 1.
Siver, Jonas Smith, Jacob Spoor, Joseph Spoor, WilHam Spoor, John Shoudy, Jr.,
Nicholas Severson, Frederick Severson, George Severson, Adam Scrafford, Henry
C. Shover, Christian Scrafford, Jacob Sitterly, Peter Shaver, John Shaip, Tunis
Slingerland, Andrew Sharp, John H. Shaver, Jacob Schell, Abram Sitterly, Nicholas
Snyder, Charles Scrafford, Charles Traber, F. Van Valkenburgh, Albert Van Heusen,
John Van Husen, John Van Valkenburgh. Volkert Veeder, Simeon Veeder, Myndert
Veeder, Nicholas P. Van Patten, Thomas Van Aernara, George Van Aernam, Henry
Van Valkenburgh, Nicholas Van Valkenburgh, Nicholas A. Van Patten, Henry Van
Aernam, John I. Van Patten, Simon Van Auken, John Van Waggoner, Richard
Van Cleeok, Gershom Van Valkenburgh, Henry I. Vine, Aaron A. Van Wormer.
Jeremiah Van Auken, Jacob Van Auken. Abraham Vanderpool, Cornehus Wormer,
Peter Wormer, Noah S. Wood, JohnWeitzel, Cornelius H. Waldron, Peter Walker,
Jes.se White, Peter Waggoner, John Westfall, John Ward, John W. Ward, Andrew
I. Ward, Richard Walker, Jacob Weaver, John I. Weaver, Andrew Wilkins, James
Wormer, Frederick Waggoner.

One of the prominent early industries of Albany county was estab-
lished in this town in 1792. A company was formed and a factory
built at the site of Guilderland hamlet for the manufacture of window
glass. It appears that the proprietors soon found themselves without
sufficient capital, and application was made to the State for a loan. In
1793 this was granted to the amount of ;£'3,ooo for eight years, during
three of which no interest was to be paid, and after that five per cent.
The company prospered and made plans for tlie founding of a large
manufacturing center. In 1796 the land around and near the factory
was laid out in streets and lots and the name of Hamilton given to the
place, from the great statesman, Alexander Hamilton. Spaffbrd's Gaz-
etteer of 1813, says :

Guilderland contains a factory where are made 500,000 feet of window glass
annually.

Ikit it requires fuel to make glass, and as the wood was cleared away
from that vicinity, heavy expense was incurred in drawing it from a
distance, so that the business became unprofitable and the factory closed
in 1815

As roads were gradually laid out and improved, post routes and
stage lines were established, and the old taverns were opened on the
roadsides at frequent intervals. Jacob Aker, kept one of the early inns
at the site of French's Mills in 1800. At that point, also, Peter French
built a factory at the beginning of the century and cloth works were
established in 1795 by Peter K. Broeck.



518

The excise record for the first year of the existence of the town as a
civil organization, possesses interest of its own. The Hcenses were then
granted under authority of a resoUition "That licenses and permits for
retaiHng strong and spirituous liquors be granted to the following per-
sons at the following rates of excise : "

Christopher Batterman, on the Schoharie road, s().5(l.

John Weaver on the State road, §7.50.

Philip Scheie on the State road, §7.

George Severson, on the Schoharie road, $7.50.

Nicholas Beyer, on the Schoharie road, §5.50.

John Danker, on the Schoharie road, §6.

Peter Bowman, on the State road. §5.50.

Frederick Seger, on the Schoharie road, §5.

Peter Traber, on the road to Schenectady, §5.

Jeremiah Van Rensselaer, (permit.)

Nicholas V. Mynderse, (permit.)

Isaac Vrooman, on the Schoharie road, §5.

Simeon Relyea, (permit.)

John F. Ouackenbush, on the State road, .S5.

Jacob Totten, on the State road. §5.

Henry Apple, on the Schoharie road, 89.

Frederick Friedendall, on the Schoharie road, .§(3.

James D. La Grange, on the Schoharie road, §6. .50.

Abraham P. Truax, on the State road, §(!,

At the meeting at which these licenses were granted, Nicholas V.
Mynderse was present as supervisor of the town, and Volkert Veeder,
Peter C. Veeder, James Henderson, and Lawrence Schoolcraft, justices
of the peace. Other persons to whom licenses were granted only a
little later were Peter Van Patten, Wait Barrett, Benjamin Home, Fred-
erick Ramsaj', Ezra Spaulding. Christian Truax. and Gerrit G. Van
Zandt. This may appear like a large number of licenses for one new
town, but it is accounted for by the numerous early taverns on the prin-
cipal roads, the general habit of drinking liquor in families at that period,
and the fact that most groceries, as well as taverns, sold liquor in those
days.

Besides the glass and cloth factories tiiat have been mentioned, the
principal industries of the town in early years, and almost the only ones
aside from farming, were the operation of saw mills and grist mills.
Lumber was needed just as soon as it was possible to supplant the first
log houses with frame structures, and that was long before the begin-



ning of tlie present century. The Spafford Gazeetteer of 1813 states
that at that time there were one hundred looms working in this
town, making 25,000 yards of cloth annually. All of these long ago
disappeared with the centralization of manufactures in large cities. The
Batterman family had a woolen factory at Sloan's in early years, which
subsequently became- a hat factory, then a cotton batting factory, and
lastly a foundry. The grist mills known as Becker's and Veeder's were
patronized by many even from a considerable distance in early times.
The number of saw mills in this town was limited in comparison with
the other towns, for the reason that timber was scarcer and not of much
value for lumber; but there were several built in very early years,
which long ago fell into decay.

The records of the schools of Guilderland previous to about 1813 are
of the most meagre description. All that can be said of them is that
they were established as early as possible after the first settlements
were made, were generally inferior in facilities, and often taught by
ministers of the gospel, in dwellings or rude log houses.

Tiie first school officers chosen in the town were the following, elect-
ed at a town meeling held in 1813: John Schoolcraft, Samuel R.
Campbell and John Weaver, jr., commissioners of schools ; Andrew
Ostrander, Henry Heath, and Cornelius M. Watson, inspectors of
schools.' Among the early teachers in Guilderland were Joseph Bell,
John Rawle, Abijah Beebe, William Gardner, Hubert Pratt and Henry
Switcher. In 18 13 the town was divided into eight school districts.
Tills number was gradually increased as population became more
numerous, until in i860 there were twelve districts, and at the present
time there are fourteen that have each one school house. Guilderland
with Knox and Watervliet constitute the third commissioner's district
of Albany county.

The oldest settled hamlet in this town gathered around the " Glass
House," as it was termed, from the glass factory there, until the name
of Hamilton was substituted in 1796. In later years it took the name
of Sloan's from the family of that name, who lived there a-nd did much



520

for the advancement of tlic place, but the village is now called Guilder-
land, and the post-office bears that name. It is situated east of the
center of the town, on the " Great Western Turnpike," eight miles
from Albany. A conspicuous element in this community was the Hat-
terman family. Of this family John, a man of good ability, energy
and industry, long manufactured and repaired wagons and farming im-
plements. Christopher Batterman, also a man of high character and
good business ability, enga£;ed in mercantile business in which he was
markedly successful. He was a general in the State militia, and held
the office of sheriff of this county. George Batterman was a man of
uncommon physique and strong mental capacity He managed two
farms successfully, kept the hotel afterwards so well known as Sloan's,
operated a flouring mill and satinet factory, in all of which operations
he was successful. His hotel frequently had as many as fifty transient
guests for manj' successive days. His arduous tasks at last overtaxed
his strength and he died from paralysis, after having accumulated a
fortune. Henry Sloan married Mr. Batterman's daughter and came
into possession of the hotel property, which was, however, soon after-
ward burned, but was promptly rebuilt by Mr. Sloan, substantially as
it now exists, and under his management it became even more popular
and widely known than while owned by its former landlord. It sub-
sequently passed under the management of George B Sloan, son of
Henry, and is now kept by Mr. Van Tyle. The foundry at this ])lacc,
which has been alluded to, was first owned by William Fonda, passed
into the hands of Newbury & Chapman, and is now operated by Jay
Newbury. The grist mill that was for so long a time in operation is
now out of use. Frank J. Spur formerly kept a store, which is now
conducted by De Graff & Voorhees. Dr. Abram Ue Graff is post-
master and also a successful physician.

The village and post-ofiice of Guilderland Center is situated on Black
Creek near the center of the town. It was formerly locally known as
Bangall, a name said to have been given it from the somewhat rude
character of a part of the inhabitants, but if this is true the appellation
has long been undeserved. A branch of what is now the West Shore
Railroad, passes through the place, and its opening gave an impetus to
the business interests of the village. The village practically includes



521

the site of the old French's Mills, which are still a part of the French
estate but are not now running. The old woolen factory is also aban-
doned, having last been operated by E. Spawn & Co., of which firm
Mr. Spawn is still living at an advanced age. The manufacture of
cider and vinegar formerly conducted by A. V. Mynderse, is still con-
tinued by his son, William B. William D. Frederick also has a vinegar
factory which was formerly operated by his father, Michael H. Fred-
erick. Peter Tygert carries on the manufacture of sash and doors and
has a planing mill, which were previously owned by his father, A. J.
Tygert. F. Tygert, a former merchant, was succeeded by Ogsbury &
Martin, and the same business is now carried on by Elva Young in a new
location, the former store having been burned. P. Petinger conducts a
general store, and William A. Petinger is a maker of and dealer in boots
and shoes. George W. Livingstone has a harness shop, Charles Brust,
son of William, is a carriage manufacturer, Hugh Livingston, tailor,
William Young, shoemaker and postmaster. G. A. Hallenbeck & Co.
have a large cigar factory here, John P. Bloomingdale, who is still living
at an advanced age, should not be forgotten as one who has accom-
plished much in past years for the building up of this village.

There are two hotels here, one of which has been kept by Samuel S.
F^owler for eleven years past, and which was owned by him long pre-
vious to that. The other, the Center House, was formerly owned by
Michael Frederick and is now conducted by his son, William D.

The largest and most prosperous village in Guilderland and one of
the most active in Albany county is Altamont (formerly Knowersville),
which is situated to the westward of the center of the town and on the
Albany and Susquehanna Railroad. It is beautifully located at the
foot of the Helderbergs, amid picturesque scenery, and has in recent
years attracted to the near by mountain sides numerous wealthj' citizens
of Albany who have built beautiful summer homes. The name of
Knowersville came from the Knower family who were early settlers
here and identified with the early business interests of the place. Their
homestead was somewhat remote from the present business center and
that portion of the town is distinguished from the newer part by the
name of Old Knowersville. It was there that Jacob Aker kept a
tavern in Revolutionary times, and a woolen factory was in operation in



5^2

l8oo. The place had little importance until the building of the railroad,
the first passenger train of which from Albany to Central Bridge in
Schoharie county passed through this place on September 16, 1863.
At that time there were only two farm dwellings on the lands that now
constitute by far the larger part of the site of Altamont In the spring
of 1864 a store was erected by Becker & Hilton. This has since been
conducted by Albert Ward, Crounse & Hilton, Mynderse & Pangburn,
who occupied it in April, 1883, and is now conducted by F. & W. S.
Pitts. Several residences and the railroad station were built before the
close of 1864. In 1868 another store was erected and opened by Ira
Witter, who soon sold out to Joseph W. Wright, who in turn leased



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