American Colonization Society.

Annual report of the American Colonization Society, with the minutes of the annual meeting and of the Board of Directors (Volume 1889) online

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Online LibraryAmerican Colonization SocietyAnnual report of the American Colonization Society, with the minutes of the annual meeting and of the Board of Directors (Volume 1889) → online text (page 1 of 2)
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.iiui one ill the lipiscDpal Clnirch. Of the adults one is an ordained
minister of the Gospel, one each a teacher, physician, and machinist-
two are carpenters and eij^du are farmers.

They are an industrious and self-reliant class of people, mostly
inthienced to remove by information received direct from acquaint-
ances in Liberia. A liberal supply of stores and tools, and books and
stationery accompanied them to aid their settlement and for the sup-
port of the schools of the Society in that Republic.

Several causes prevented the embarkation of more ot the accepted
ap[)licants by the spring expedition ; and the visitation of yellow
fever and the danger of its introduction on the ship or in Liberia
>eemed It) make it wise not to send people from the South during its
prevalence. This malignant scourge having psssed away the Society
isarranging and expects to dispatch larger parties of people duringthc
coming spring and autumn.

Immigration to Liberia every year under the auspices of the
.\merican Colonization Society has been uninterrupted for the past
>ixiy-eight years. Those now reported make the number sent since
I he civil war to be 4,078, and a total from the beginning of 16,076,
exclusive of 5,722 recaptured Africans which it induced and enabled
liie Ciovernment of the United States to settle in Liberia, making a
L^ranfl t(jtal of 21,798 persons to whom the Society has given homes in

Some of the emigrants lately sent to Cape Palmas have removed
to and settled at Arthington and elsewhere on the St. Paul's river;
most of those landed January 23d, at Cape Mount, have taken posses-
sion of their own houses and are reaping crops raised on their own
lands, antl commendable progress has been made by the company that
reached Sinoe, [uly 19.

An intelli'^ent Libcrian wrote, September 11 : "I was glad to find
that the sttjppage of immigrants to Brewerville has had no other
eltect than to Stimulate the settlers. They are now farming in earnest.
Their coffee plantations are making large and permanent inroads into
the forest. Bisscll, Hanks, William Mayes, Ratese, Lucas, are among
the enterprising ones who are pushing forward the interests of the
settlement, with an unwavering belief that the country is theirs, and
that they belong to the country."


The cry f thousands anxious to find a home in the ancestral land
not only continues but to grow in volume and earnestness. During
the past year the Society received a greatly increased number of

Mil, AMKRKAN C< >l,()\ l/ATION S( )l I F/IA'. 5

;ip|)licali()iis for aid, and also several hundred renewed ajjpeals for pas-
sage and setlleiuent in Liberia.

As to nunibers and the reascjns assigned for eniigralioii, the fol-
lowing extracts from late coniniunications will speak :

Society Hill, S. 0. " Is there any provision made for assisting the
colored people of the United States in returning to their old home —
Africa '' I am a minister of the Gospel, a man of family, and I intend
to leav^e America. A thousand or more persons wish to start with
me if they can get passage. My people are convinced that this is a
white man's country, and they want to go home. Will vou help us ?"
Palm Beach, Florida. " I desire to know what are the sawable
timbers of Liberia as I desire to take with me a mill and fixtures for
sawing timber. One hundred and thirty six good families want to
go with me. They comprise men of ail trades, including experienced
farmers. Our object is to form a settlement of our own, and thus lead
to success in Liberia."

Greenville, Miss. " A society of thirty members wanting to go X.o
a country of our own."

jWew Orleans, La. " Six hundred very anxious to go to Liberia.'
Foster, Texas. " Two thousand families preparing for Africa."
Magnolia^ Ark. " Three thousand persons want passage."
Great Bend, Kansas. " Two hundred families getting ready, a
few of whom are able to pay part of their expenses on the ship."

Goldsloro, N. C. " I am greatly interested in the redemption of
Africa, because, first, it is my fatherland, and second, the labors of
the American Negro are greatly needed there. I pray God that He
may continue to bless abundantly the work of the American Coloniz-
ation Society."


Sir Samuel R(jwe, K. C. C. G., Governor of Sierra Leone and
British Consul for Liberia, arrived at Monrovia, April 26, and on the
following day, at the Executive Mansion, an exchange took place of
the ratification of the Convention entered into at Sierra Leone, Nov.
5, 1885, for the settlement of the Liberian North-West boundary. Thus
a question which had long stood in abeyance was practically and
pleasantly brought to an end. It is stated that "Governor Rowc
expressed himself as most agreeably surprised at what he saw at Mon-
rovia, and in one of his speeches he declared that Liberia was a fixed
fact, and he based that assertion, he said, on the evidences of progress
and civilization he beheld on every hand. He made a visit to the
Kroo village, now occupied by about two thousand Kroomen, and
in a short address to them, congratulated them on their loyalty to

6 -1 \ 1 N I \ ->l ( (iM) ANXrAI. KKl'ORT OV

the- Lihcriaii Government, and assured thcni of the friendly relations
subsisting' between her Majesty's Government and the Republic."

Hishop William Taylor thus represented the state of his work in
Liberia and the condition of that Republic, in his Quadrennial report
to the late General Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church,
viz. : *■ The Liberian Conference received me with j^reat cordiality, and
the members have ever since, without exception, manifested a loving,
filial spirit of co-operation in the work of God. I have presided at
each of the four sessions of the quadrennium, and have visited a
majority of circuits and stations. The productive interests of Liberia
are fairly prosperous. Within ten miles of Monrovia, up the St.
Paul's river, there are ten steam sugar-cane crushing mills, and
during the past year more than six hundred thousand pounds of
cotTee have been exported from Monrovia ; but the great depreciation
of African product values in European markets for several years past,
caused hard times on all the West and South-West coast of that Con-
tinent. The Liberians live pretty comfortably and dress well on Sun-
day, but as a rule have no spare change for church and school pur-

The Liberian correspondent of the W^Mj' lYezvs of Sierra Leone
says: "The twenty-sixth of July, the anniversary of Liberia's inde-
pendence, was celebrated at Monrovia in usual style. The oration
was delivered by Arthur Barclay, Esq. It advocated the speedy
incorporation of the Aborigines into the body, social and political,
and was well received. Kroomen from the Kroo coast are settling
in large numbers at Monrovia and near the neighboring rivers,
engaging in trade and agriculture. Some of them at Monrovia show
considerable enterprise. They are building substantial houses, im-
[jorting goods from Europe and pushing trade with the interior.
I'nder the guidance and stimulus of the colonists from America they
are taking their place among the civilized agencies and giving a per-
manence and force to the work of civilization. The idea of a railway
to the interior from the coast is much favored here, and it is hoped
that the enterprise at Sierra Leone w^ill be so completely successful
as to encourage a similar etTort from this point. "

From an account in the A^ezus of Sierra Leone of a trip up the
St. Paul's river, the following two paragraphs are taken : " The morning
of the 1 8th of June the weather was excedingly inclement, and it con-
tinued tln>ps and schools and churches - its bustle and acti\itv arid allluence;


and has, to-day, under its transforming influence, hundreds and thou-
sands of native Africans, who are becoming unconsciously, with no
sudden shock to their prejudices or preconceived notions, the objects
and promoters of Western ideas — of a social and political condition,
which is sending out on the right and the left, the leaders of regene-
ration and reconstruction.

The American Colonization Society appeals for support in its work
to Americans. The relations of this country to Africa stand upon a
somewhat different basis from its relations to India, China, or Japan.
Americans are debtors to the African Continent in a more practical
sense than to the Asiatic, and God has given them abundant means
for discharging the debt.

1 KKASlKliR S Kl-.l'ORT.


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o oard and
to participate in its deliberations.

Dr. Godding, Mr. Fendall, and Judge Nott were appointed a
Committee on Credentials; and they retired and subsequently report-
ed, through their chairman, the following named Delegates appointed
for the year 1889, viz. :

Pennsylvania Colonization Society — Arthur M. Burton,
Esq , Robert B. Davidson, Esq., Rev. Alfred L. Elvvyn, and John
Welsh Dulles, Esq.

The following Directors were stated to be also in attendance :

Life Director— Dr. Charles H. Nichols.

Executive Committee — Hon. Charles C. Nott, Reginald Fen-
dall, Esq., Rev. Thomas G. Addison, D. D., Rev. Byron Sunderland,
D. D., Dr. William W. Godding, Rev. A. J. Huntington, D. D.. and
Hon. J. C. Bancroft Davis.
Whereupon it was
Resolved, That the Report of the Committee on Credentials lie accepted and


Online LibraryAmerican Colonization SocietyAnnual report of the American Colonization Society, with the minutes of the annual meeting and of the Board of Directors (Volume 1889) → online text (page 1 of 2)