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of crackers. — Mass. Spy, July 20.
1820 A patent ha.s been obtained at Philadelphia for moulding

and baking crackers, and eighty are sold for 12 1-2 cents. —

Id., Feb. 2.



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220 AN AMERIOAN GLOSSARY.

Cracker — corud,

1 820 Milk and crackers, heated over again in the oven. — John
Randolph to Dr. Brockenbrough, Feb. 24 : * Life,* ii.
133 (1851).

1827 [My breakfast] consists of a cup of tea and a crocA?er. —
Id., Jan. 20 : ii. 284.

1836 For a cup of coffee you pay two cents, cuid another cent for
a cracker, — T?ie Pioneer (Rockspring, 111.), July 17.

1867 You will see women, if their husbands have got fifty cents,
who must buy crackers with it, or something nice. —
Brigham Young, April 6 : * Journal of Discourses,* iv. 314.

1869 Under the influence of the crackers and sausage, he grew
cordial and conununicative. — * Professor at the Breakfast-
Table,* chap. vii.

Crank. Ricketty, weak, shaky. Sc. 1802 ; also used by
Carlyle ( 1 83 1 ) of machinery. N.E.D.

1833 Nor should I wonder at serious accidents often occurring
with those crank conveyances among the precipices and
ravines of the mountains. — C. F. Hoffmann, * A Winter
in the Far West,' i. 45 (Lond., 1835).

1852 He spoke with such a crank voice, and stony face, as would
have made us shudder. — Knick, Mag,, xl. 158 (Aug.).

Crank. An eccentric person.

1888 Major Jackson exhibited that strong individuality which
always accompanies genius, but which the world's stupidity
ch«uracterizes only as eccentricity. In this age he would
have been called a crank, — * Southern Hist. Soc. Papers,*
xvi. 44.

1904 All my friends say I'm a genealogical crank. — W. N. Harben,
* The Georgians/ p. 210 (Harpers).

1910 This East Side which has creatod the moral forces that have
swung elections, was largely discovered and revealed to
the outside world tliroiigh the efforts of the college settle-
ments, the college investigators, the college cranks of every
kind, who stir our disillusioned organs of public opinion
to such high merriment. — AM'. Evening Post, March 14.

Crawfish. See quotations.

1805 On the banks of the rivers and creeks sure a great many
Cray-Fish, Tliis is a mischievous little creature to dcmfis
and water-courses, by digging holes which let off the water.
— Thaddeus M. Harris, * State of Ohio,' p. 117.

1823 Underneath the white clay, which an animal like a crab,
but called a cranfifih, throws up in niunerous hills. — W.
Faux, * Memorable Days,' p. 283.

1826 Innumerable little couos of earth raised by the crawfish,
a circumstance whicli is well known to indicate a cold and
wet soil. — T. Flint, ' Kocolloctions,' p. 205.

Crawfish. To wriggle out of a difficulty ; to retreat.

1848 No sooner did they see the old British Lion rising up from
his lair and shaking the dow^-drops from his mane, than they
crawfished back to 49° [in the Oregon matter]. — ^IVIr. Goggin
of Virginia, House of Kepr., Feb. 1 : Cong, Qlobe, p. 277.



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AN AMBBIOAN GLOSSABT. 221

Crawflsli — corUd.

1853 Of course I crawfisJied. — Daily Morning Herald (St. Louis),
Feb. 6.

1856 If you don't allow that there's been no such publication,

I'll crawfish. — * Phoenixiana,' p. 208.
a. 1860 We ... ^ retreat, retrograde, crawfish, or climb down. —

Cairo Times, n.d. (Bartlett).
1888 He crawfished out of the issue by claiming that he didn't

drink. — S, F, Examiner, March 22 (Farmer).
1902 They may try to make me take betck water, but I never did

crawfish, — W. N. Harben, * Abner Dcmiel,' p. 103.
1909 The witness continued : "I didn't want to crawfish.''

** You didn't want to crawfish ? " from Mr. Fitzgerald ;

" I believe the correct pronxmciation of that is crayfish.''

** Well, crawfish is good enough for common people." —

The Oregonian, Oct. 14.

Crazy as a bed-bug. This ungenteel simile is occasionally vfuried

by calling the insect a " Kalamazoo bed-bug."
1861 Hartford is getting to be quite a sensation city, going it over

every novelty, '* as crazy as a bed-bug.'' — Winsted Herald,

Oct. 25 (Bartlett).

Crazy as a loon.

1848 A body what never seed a opery before would sw£ur they was
every one either drunk or crazy as loons. — * Major Jones's
Sketches of Travel,' p. 102 (Phila.).

1854 The old man '11 run as crazy as a loon a-thinkin' 'bout his
household affairs.— H. H. Riley, * Puddleford,' p. 140.

Crazy-quilt. A quilt of patchwork.

1886 What is generally called *' crazy quiU " in the States, and
patchwork in England. — Pall Mall Gazette, Nov. 12.
(N.E.D.)

1908 Henrietta says : " Now, grandma, you've got to make
a crazy quilt ; you've made every other sort that ever
was heard of." Finally I says : " Here, child, take your
pieces. If I was to make this the way you want me to,
they'd be a crazy quilt and a crazy woman too." — * Aunt
Jane of Kentucky,' p. 77.

Crease. To stun an animal by sending a shot through the car-
tilage at the back of the neck.
1807 We fired at a black horse, with an idea of creasing him. —

Pike, * Sources of the Mississippi,' ii. 159. (N.E.D.)
1823 [We hoped] to have an opportunity to prove our skill

in the operation of creasing. A method sometimes adopted

by hunters is to shoot the animal tJirough the neck, [taking]

care not to injure the spine. — E. James, ' Kocky Mountam

Expedition,' ii. 138 (Phila.).
1835 In attempting to " crease " the animal, he shot it dead. —

C. J. Latrobe» * The Rambler in N. America,' i. 226

(Lond.).



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222 AN AMERICAN GLOSSARY.

Crease — corud.

1851 In hunters' parlance, I had only ''creased'' the stag. —

John S. Springer, * Forest Life,' p. 127 (N.Y.).
1853 The " crectsing " of a horse is a teat which would electrify

a northern jockey. [Process described.] — Paxton, *A

Stray Yankee in Texas,' p. 38.
Creek. (Pronounced Crick.) A small river. The word oocurs

in the Pennsylvania Archives, 1674. (N.E.D.)
1737 Savannah stands on a flat bluff, so they term any high

land hanging over a creek or river. — John Wesley. (N.E.D.)
1753 We had a tedious and very fatiguing passcige down the

creek. . . .The creek is extremely crooked. — George Wcwh-

ington's Journal : Mass. Spy, Oct. 24, 1793.
1775 Further south is the mouth of cmother river, called spruce

creek. — B. Komems, * Florida,' p. 267.
1784 A bend of Kentucke River, in which this little river, or

rather large creek, rises. — John Filson, * Kentucke,' p. 18.

1788 In this distance fall into the Ohio two very considerable
creeks f called Little Muskingiun and Duck Creek ; in the
spring season they are navigable for boats more than
twenty miles. — News from the Oliio, Mass. Spy, Jime 19.

1789 The first bottom[s] or interval[s], upon the creeks, are not
equal to those upon the larger rivers. — Id., June 11.

1796 It is a creek, and has a smart current, and is a most noble

mill stream.— G^ozeWe of the U.S., Phila., Aug. 23.
1802 What contributes much to the beauty of Kinderhook is

tlie creek, which runs along the east side of the town. —

The Balance, Hudson, N. Y., Jan. 19, p. 17.
1817 Even the smaller branches were swollen into large creeks.

— Boston Weekly Messenger, Aug. 21.
1820 Kavines, at the bottom of which flow sm£ill streams or

brooks, hero called creeks. — Zerah Hawley, * Tour ' (Ohio),

Oct. 20. (New Haven, 1822, p. 32.)
1830 Two creeks or little rivers in Cattaraugus County cross

each other at right angles. — Mass. Spy, Feb. 3.
1838 The harbour of Buffalo is formed of one of those creeks.

Go there, and you will find this creek for nearly a mile

covered with steamers, ships, &c. — Speech of Mr. Marvin

in Congress ; 2^he Jeffersonian (Albany), Sept, 15, p. 246.
1869 The rivers of Pharpar and Abana (mere creeks) run through

Damascus. — Mark Twain, * New Pilgi'im's Progress,'

chap. xiii.
Creole.
1851 Creole is a word signifying ** native," and applies to all

kinds of men and things indigenous to New Orle€Uis. —

A. Oakey Hall, * Manhattaner in New Orleans,' p. 17.
Creole cane.

1836 Throe species of sugar-cane, tlio old Creole, the Otaheitan,
and the I5a t avian.— Tr. Humboldt's * Travels,' xiv.
IG.S. (N.K.I ).)

1837 The crcolc ame is said to produce tlie most sugar, but it
requires a longer season than either of tlio other kinds. —
John L. Williams, ' Territory of Florida,' p. 106 (N.Y.).



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AN AMERICAN GLOSSARY. 228

Creseent City. New Orleans.

1836 I have termed New-Orleans the Crescent cUy, from its
being built aroimd the segment of a circle formed by a
graceful curve of the river. — Ingraham, * The South West/
i. 91.

Crevasse. A breach in a levee.

1819 Edinburgh liemewy xxxii. 240, with roforence to the Missis-
sippi River. (N.E.D.)

1829 These crevasses cut their way through the banks with
so much ease, and from such small beginnings, that hardly
any degree of vigilance affords perfect security. Water-
rats infest these banks, and it is said that many crevasses
have been caused by their holes. — Basil Hall, * Travels in
N. America,* iii. 347.

1835 There have been instances where ** crevasses,'^ as they are
termed here, have been gradually worn through the levee.
—Ingraham, * The South West,' i. 79.

1837 A crevasse may be made even by a reptile, which will
let in the waters of the Mississippi, till whole counties cure
inundated. — Speech of S. S. Prentiss : * Life,* by Shields.

1850 A moral crevasse has occurred ; fanaticism and ignor-
ance, — poHtical rivalry, — sectional hate, — strife for sec-
tional dominion, have acciunulated into a mighty flood,
and pour their turgid waters through the broken con-
stitution. — Mr. Jefferson Davis of Mississippi, U.S. Senate,
Feb. 13 : Cong, Globe, p. 149, App.

1859 You descend in the "lead" or ''crevasse,'' until pay-dirt
is reached. — Rocky Mountain News, Cherry Creek, Kansas
Territory, June 18.

1861 When the bank gives way, or a crevasse, as it is technically
called, occurs, the damage done to the plantations is some-
times to be calculated by bilhons of dollars. — W. H.
Russell, * Diary,' May 31.

1866 The flood is running off, and this is a North Carolina crevasse,
—-Nichols, * Story of the Great March,' p. 229.

1888 The excitement and rush of all the household to the
crevasse, the hasty gathering in of the field hands, and the
homely devices for stopping the break, &c. — Mrs. Custer,
* Tenting on the Plains, p. 55.

Cripple. A dense thicket.

1705 [Part] upland, the rest swamp and cripple that high tides
flow over. — * Penn and Logan Correspondence,' i, 234.
(N.E.D.)

1832 Through that cripple browsed the deer ; in that rude cluster
of rocks and roots [was] slicltcred tlie deadly rattle snake.
—Watson, ' Hist. Tales of Now York,' p. 57.

Critter, creature. The degeneration of this word is curious. As
the illustrations show, the term ** creature " was specially
applied to a horse ; then, as *' creatur " or " critter," to an
Indian, a " bar," a *' painter," or any kind of ** varmint " ;
and in course of time to a contemptible person ; a ** pisen
critter " being particularly low in the scale of contempt.
Also used good-humoured ly. See Appendix XII.



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2%l AN AMERICAN GLOSSARY.

Critter, creature— con^rf.

1782 Stolen, the following Creatures, viz. one a bay Horse,

the other a half blooded black Mare. — Maryland Journal^

July 30.
1786 Broke into tho pasture of the Subscriber, Two Bay Crea-
tures, the one a Horse, the other a Marc. — Id,, Jcui. 6.
1788 A valuable breeding Mare, and several yoimg Creatures

nearly of tho same strain. — Id., March 4.
1819 I found he meant his pair of horses, or crecUures as he cidled

them. — *' An Englishman'* in The Western Star: Mass,

Spy, May 12.
1827 The creatures are in open view ; and a bloody band of

accursed Siouxes they are. — J. F. Cooper, * The Ptairie,*

i. 80(Lond.).
1827 I reckon in futur you'll hitch your creter to the rack afore

Patty Pott's door, she havin' larnt edification at boardin'

school. — Mass, Spy, Oct. 24 : from the Augtista (Qa.)

Chronicle,
1833 It would be ridic'lous if it should be a bcur [said the Ken-

tuckian ;] them critters sometimes come in here, and I

have notliing but my knife. — Knick. Mag,, i. 90.

1835 ** Do you consider [the sea serpent] dangerous, or is he
peaceable ? " " Well now, to keep the truth, I never
saw him ; but Captain Hodijah Folger said he con-
sidered the critter as a sort o' so, and a sort o' not." — 'Col.
Crockett's Tour,' p. 88 (Phila.).

1836 My little critter [a mustang,] who was both blood and
bottom, scorned delighted. — ' Col. Crockett in Texas,'
p. 149 (Phila.).

1836 The old critter says he is married, and makes his wife work
in the printing office. — Phila. Public Ledger, Sept. 24.

1836 The next moment, when I expected to find the tarnal
critter [a cougar] struggling with death, I beheld him shaking
his head, as if notliing more than a bee had stung him. —
* Col, Crockett in Texas,' p. 163.

With reference to a female V9lunteer, the Picayune says :
" She is all sorts of a critter at fighting." — Phila. Public
Ledger, March 10.

1838 In a few hours, having gathered up my fixens and moimted
my crectcr, I was tlireading a narrow pathway through the
forest.— E. Flagg, ' The Far West,' i. 190 (N.Y.).

1839 I remember onco being wakened by a creetur. The dumb
thing was standing right over mo, looking into my face.
— C. F. HofTnian, ' Wild Scenes,' i. 40 (Lend.).

1839 ** I presume there's no occasion for hurrying," said the
driver. *' Ves, there is though, you pisen critter,'* said a
passenger. — C. F. Briggs, * Harry Franco,' i. 18.

1842 A Queer Critter, One of the clerks in the Baltimore Post
Office, on opening a bag of letters, discovered a live garter-
snake in the same. The critler bore no poetmark or frank,
—Phila. Spirit of the Times, July 28,



1837



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AN AMERICAN GLOSSARY. 226

Critter, ereature — contd,

1847 I tracked the critter out of the field to the woods, and all
the marks he left behind showed me that he was the bar. —
T. B. Thorpe, * The Big Bear of Arkansas,' p. 25 (Phila.).

1848 The ** critter " [a steer] was found quietly consimiing clover
in an outhouse. — * Stray Subjects,' p. 77 (Phila.).

1848 Ah me ! a weary critter

Was the sad barkeeper then ;

Just thinking was he of his bed.

When entered those two men.

Id., p. 70.

1849 [The Greorgian] strode a right smart chance of a critter. —
Kr^ick, Mag., xxxiv. 113 (Aug.).

1861 The principal hero is " not a handsome critter ,* as the Yan-
kee said when asked his opinion of the first alligator he
ever saw, '* but there's a good deal of open-ness when he
smiles." — Id., xxxvii. 92 (Jan.).

1863 The rooms below [were occupied] by the animals, or, as a
Yankee would call them, the critters. — C. C. Felton,

* Fam. Letters ' (1865), p. 249. (N.E.D.)

1854 Old Mrs. Peabody was allers a dreadful highfalutin critter
with stuck-up notions. — Weekly Oregonian, Dec. 23.

1866 If it is proven before the High Council that you did steal
a beef creature, don't get angry, but rise up and acknow-
ledge that you did steal it. — Brigham Yoiuig, Oct. 6 :

* Journal of Discourses,' iii. 49.

1856 I soon found out that if cousin Zeph hadn't much gump-
tion, he was the best critter in the world for rite down hard
work. — Weekly Oregonian, Aug. 2.

1857 This here critter can run the legs off any dog as ever stuck
to a deer's tail. — Knick. Mag., xlix. 68 (Jan.).

1867 Though he has no fear of wolves, yet he concludes that a
hunting knife and a stick are no match for a whole pack of
the kriUers, when made savage by the starvation of winter.
— S. H. Hammond, * Wild Northern Scenes,' p. 202.

1862 We give the critters back, John,

Cos Abram thought 'twas right.

* Biglow Papers,' 2nd S., No. 2.
[" The critters " wore Messrs. Mason and Slidell.]

Crook. A sharper.

1886 The photographs of several English cracksmen, along with
one of a New York crook. — ' American local newspaper.'
(N.E.D.)

Crook the elbow or the finger, to. To take a drink.

1830 O no, he keep um in do closet on de sideboard, and ebbery
nite (he crooks his clhoiv and niiinios) you may hear plug,
ghig, glug. — Mass. Spy, Jan. 13 : from the Constitution-
alist.

1836 William Martin was fined for, as he quaintly expressed it,
crooking hi^ little finger too often. — Phila. Public Ledger,
Aug. 2,

I



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226 AN AMERICAN GLOSSABY.

Crook the elbow or tbe finger, to — contd.

1842 Hugh McDonald and Jolin Smith (not of Arkansas) were

fined for elbow-crooking. — Phila. Spirit of the Tiities,

Jan. 14.
1852 He crooked his fore-fifujer^ and told the girl to make him

another bowl. — Knick. Mag., xl. 356 (Oct.).
Crookneck. The cucurhita maxi^mt.

1801 So pretty a neck, I'Jl be boimd.

Never join'd head and body together.
Like a crooked Jieck'd sqtteish on the ground.
Long wliiten'd by winter-like weather.

* The Port Folio,' i. 264 (Phila.).
1818 Upwards of ten tons of the best crook-necked winter

Squaslies. — Mass. 5/^1/, Nov. 11.
1841 Over tiie fire-place was our crooked-necked squashes, —

* Lowell Offering,' i. 79.
ISIS Agin the chimbly crooknecks hung.

An' in amongst 'em rusted
The ole queen s-arm thet gran'ther Young
Fetched back frum Concord busted.

J. R. Lowell, * The Courtin'.'

1856 Hams, dried pumpkins, crooknecks, and the usual com-
forts of rural life. — Knick. Mag., xlvii. 148 (Feb.).

1860 Cant elopes, crooknecks, and cucimibers. — Emerson, * Cond.

Life,' p. 66. (N.E.D.)
Cross-cut saw. A two-handled saw.
1768 Tlie lightning was attracted by a crosscut saw lying against

the chimney. — Mass. Gazette, Aug. 25.
1824 With hair the color of a wliisp of straw,

And a disposition like a cross-cut saw.

Somerset (Me.) Journal, Feb. 27; from the Providence

Journal.
1824 Two men with wliat is called a cross-ctU saw (or a saw with

two handles) will saw more wood, &c. — Ma^s. Yeomariy

March 3 1 : from the Xc w England Farmer.
Crotch. A fork, or point of division in a road or in a river.
1767 Tlie river to be called by the same name, from the crotch

to the mouth. — T. Hutchinson, * History of Mass. Bay,*

ii. 883. (X.K.D.)

1802 A good stand for a Blacksmith at 80 rods distance, in a
croteh of roads. — Advt., Mass. Spy, Sept. 29.

1857 Now you see I'm at the crotch of the roads, don't von ? —
J. G. Holkmd, *The Bay Path,' p. 266.

Crow. Used in 1844 a.s an emblem of the Democratic victories
in Georgia and Ohio. — Phila. Spirit of the Times, Oct. 18.
See also Boiled Ckow.
Crowd. To push or press. Now dial, in England. See also

ScROUGE, a corrupted form of the word.
Ib30 He was carting timber, and stepped upon the cart tongxie
to crowd some sticks back with his feet. — Mass. Spy,
July 14.',



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AN AMERICAN GLOSSARY. 227

Crowd. To dun for payment.— Webster, 1828. (N.E.D.)

1853 [I have never] distressed a man for what he owes me, or
crowded any person in the least. — Brighajn Yonng, Dec. 5 :
* Journal of Discourses,' i. 340.

Crowd. Any company of people ; the following of a political
** boss."

1840 I became satisfied that Democracy had but few charms for
that crowd, — Mr. Watterson of Tenn., House of Represen-
tatives, April 2 : Congressional Olobe, p. 376, Appendix.

1846 He did not know a single soul in the crowd, although he
knew we were all bound for the Rio Grande. — * Quarter
Race in Kentucky,' &c., p. 122.

1855 [There was] no sign that this particular ** crowd " were

cognizant, &c. — Yale Lit. Mag., xxi. 31.
1855 The witness can't remember as he hilt any hand at all,

with bully hands out, and him the best player in the crowd

— Oregon Weekly Times, July 28.
1866 I am on board of the other boat. I am in the Fillmore

crowd. — ^Mr. Thompson of Kentucky, U.S. Senate, July 1 :

Cong, Olobe, p. 731, Appendix.

1857 He was one of the most favorable specimens of that
crowd. — Borthwick, * Cahfornia,' p. 195 (Bartlett).

1858 He said he and his crowd prayed nigh onto four hours. —
Harper's Weekly, Sept. 11.

1909 There was only cold comfort for the Flynn crowd. — N.Y,
Evening Post, Jan. 18.

1910 It has not been denied that the stand-patters have been
waging war against Secretary MacVeagh, and, luifortu-
nately, the President has shown himself only too ready
to play into the hands of the Aldrich " crowd.'' — Id.,
April 11.

Crow's foot. A badge worn on the sleeve of a Harvard student.
1835 The corded croxo' s-feet, and the collar square.

The change and chance of early lot must share.

Class Poem, cited by B. H. Hall, ' College Words,' p. 145

(1856).
Cruiser. A man who "cruises round " in search of victims and
plunder. A timber-cruiser, one who explores land for
others, to find out where the best tunber lies.
1842 One of the prisoners was recognized as an old thief, the

other as a Shippen Point cruiser. — Phila. Spirit of tlie

Times, Sept. 14.
Cruller. A kind of biscuit.
1814 A pack containing a few shirts and any quantity of

crullers. — Sol Smith, * Autobiography,' p. 11 (1868).
1818 The crisp and crumbling rrullcr. — ^\V. Irving, ' Legend of

Sleepy Hollow.' (N.E.D.)

1847 Other dainties awaited us as Ihe result of killing liog.^.
They were " dougli-nuts " and " wonders, " the latter bem;^'
known to you under tlic name of crullers. I can find neither
word in Webster. — Dr. Drake, * Pioneer Life in Kentucky,'
p. 97.

I 2



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22» AN AMERICAN GLOSSARY.^

Crusting. See quotation, 1839.^

1839 Crusting is the term applied to t€tking Icffge game amid the
deep snows of winter, when the crust of ice which forms
upon the surface after a sUght rtun is enough to support the
weight of a man, but gives way at once to the hoofs of a
moose or a deer. — C. F. Hoffman, *Wild Scenes,* i. 92
(Lond.).

1800 Deer are taken extensively by a process called crtisHng.
— Gosse, * Kom. Nat. Hist.,' p. 207. (N.E.D.)

Cuba* An imaginary animal ?

1781 The Cuba 1 suppose to be peculiar to New-England.
The male, of the size of a large cat, has four long tushes,
sharp as a razor. — Samuel Peters, * History of Connecti-
cut,' p. 251 (Lond.).

Cucumber-tree. J

1784 The cucunibcr-trce is small and soft, with remarkable leaves,
[and] bears a fruit much resembling that for which it is
named. — John Filson, * Kontucke,' p. 23.

1806 Can you send me some cones or seeds of the cucumber-
tree /'— Tho. Jefferson, * Writings ' (1830), iv. 63. (N.E.D.)

1806 [In Kentucky] sugar maple, the coffee, the papaw, the
Jiackberry, and the CKCuniher tree every where abounded. —
Thomas Ashe, ' Travels in America,' ii. 278 (Lond., 1808).

1820 The timber is.... black walnut and cucumber tree. This
last bears a fruit somewhat resembling a cucimaber in
form, of a red or almost scarlet coloiu", and about an inch
long, which is used as a bitter by the people here, cmd is a
tok^rably good tonic. — Zerah Hawley, ' Tour ' [in Ohio],
p. 33 (New Haven, 1822).

CullalOO. See quotation.

1810 [Mr. Cireen, in his Mississippi garden] ma<lo me observe
some ginger in a tlirivintj state, and the cullaloo or Indian
Kail, cVc. — F. Cuming, ' Tour,' p. 297 (Pittsbiurgh).

Cultus. This word, in the ''Chinook jargon," means worthless.
An early resident of (Jreu:«jn ha.s told the writer that an Indian,
des(ril)ing any one as '* cultus," would move his shoulders,
sink J lis body, and execute an indescribable pantomime.
Also, ho would disparage the value of a gift he brought,
saying it was " cultus."

1855 The egi^s were examined, pronounced cultus^ and found no
sale. — Wcik'lt/ Orajonidny July 28.

1857 Davis and Monnastes advertise in the Oregon Weekly
Times that they can do *' all manner of wrought and cast
work ! From a Steam Engine and Boiler down to Slioeing
a " Cultfiti " Cayusc Horse ! "

ISSl Th«» Culttis Codtish, ophiodon eJonqatHs, is mentioned in the
Ke|)ort of the I'.S. Fishery Couuuission, p. 207. (N.E.D.)

Cumberland Presbyterians. A stnt opposed to a college-trained
ministry.

1S'20 [Kentucky] and th(^ neighbouring state of Tennessee, have
given origin to a new sect, called " Cumberland Pre^'iby^
terians.'' — T. Flint, * Kecollections,' p. 75.



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AN AMERICAN GLOSSARY. 229

Cumtux. To understand. (Chinook jargon.)

1853 We want small gold. Do you cunUttz F — Ths Columbian
(01ympia,W.T.), Jan. 1.



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