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church fellowship and co-operation, of State Conferences and Associations
— beginning with the account of the first meeting held in the shadow of
Lookout Mountain and ending with a notice of the twenty- first anniver-
sary of the Central South Association, recently held in the same church in
Chattanooga in which the organization was formed.

As illustrating the influence of woman's work in aiding in the growth
of the churches in the South, we present in subsequent pages some inter-
esting extracts from correspondence with the Missionary Unions under the
title : " Woman's Ways of Working."

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ParoffrapIiB. 176

These pictures present but a few of our churches. It would be impos-
sible in our limited space to show all» even if we had the pictures. We
have endeavored to select representative buildings. The relative size of
the buildings is not shown in the engravings. Our churches number 147.

This word comes to us from Prof. T. N. Chase : " Mrs. Chase
and I attended the Alabama Association at Montgomery. It was a good
meeting. Talladega need not be ashamed of her theologues ; good
thoughts, good grammar, good rhetoric, good voice, good bearing and good
spirit; no points of order were raised."

" The Negro People : A Sunday-School Missionary Exercise,"
is the title of a leaflet of seven pages which we have printed, and which is
ready for distribution as called for. It gives an interesting summary of
our work in the South, and is well adapted to a missionary concert

Fori YaUSy N. D, — Rev. G. W. Reed writes : Our work was never
more encouraging in some respects. Thirty-three were admitted to the
church at the last communion, fifteen from upper Grand River, twelve
from the camp where Miss Collins lives, and six from near the Cannon Ball,
where we are to build. A week from Sunday we again have communion,
and I have the names of twenty-one who wish to unite then. Some of
these will doubtless be asked to wait.

The hospital has more patients than at any previous time in its exist-
ence. There were five at the beginning of this week, but one has just
gone. The dispensary patients come from all parts of the reservation.

The Witnessing of Converts from Heathenism. — The almost uni-
form consistency of the Chinese converts and their scrupulous regard for
Christian duties, as they understand them, are illustrated in the following
characteristic incident :

A Chinese convert in the employ of a church member who had come to
California from the East, was told on a Sunday morning to wash the car-
riage while the family were at church. He obeyed his employer, but soon,
burdened with a sense of inconsistency, informed his Christian teacher
that while he liked his place and was contented with it, he should feel it to
be his duty were he asked again to do unnecessary work on the Lord's
day, to refuse his consent, even though it should cost him his place.

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176 TaUadega and Surrounding MitHanB.




Like the first church at Oberlin, our church at Talladega unites in its
membership and worship both the town and the school, and from the
beginning has been pervaded by an unusual missionary spirit Organized
in 1868 in connection with what is now known as Talladega College, there
was at once manifest a spirit exhibiting the evangelistic fervor of the Apos-
tolic days. Each Sabbath afternoon was set apart in particular for the
outward manifestation of this evangelizing zeal. Teachers, pupils and
townspeople invaded the whole region round about like an army of occu-
pation, Bible in hand, to teach the new religion, for so it was called. Sab-
bath-schools sprang up in every direction, always adding to the usual
classes, one in the Blue-back Speller, and one for those just beginning to
read the Bible, and more often those two classes constituted the main body
of the school The enthusiasm was genuine and hearty.

In 1872 the theological department of the college was organized, with
Rev, H. £. Brown, pastor of the church, as teacher. The next year this
department was presented by the Congregational Sunday-school in Milford,
Mass., with a large tent for gospel work in the adjacent regions, and thus
was inaugurated a new era of missionary enterprise, fostered by the church
but carried forward mainly by Mr. Brown and his pupils. Taking a few of
them and the great tent, they would drive into the country from five to twenty-
five miles on Friday afternoon, erect a tent, call a small conference that night,
and hold a two days' meeting, returning early on Monday for the usual
school duties. During the long summer vacation much time was spent in
this way. It must have been a novel sight to see the Professor and his
devoted pupils in the piny woods during the long hot months, with their
great gospel tent holding evangelistic meetings at night, and by day felling
the tall pines with which to erect a house for school and church purposes,
as one or both were sure to follow their sturdy faith and gospel work.
Thus came into existence many Sabbath and day schools, and our churches
at Childersburg, Kymulga, Cove, Jenifer and Lawson, Anniston, Ironaton
and Shelby.

A brother of Mr. Brown who shared in this work writes thus : " While
we were putting up our tent a woman who had learned to cook for her
master before the war came from her home two miles away and boiled
some com and made some biscuit for our supper. She spread our table in
one end of the tent while the people continued to gather in the other
end. After supper it was time for meeting. We sang and prayed, and I
told them we had come among them to do them good and to teach them
a different kind of religion from mere shouting and confusion. Some o

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MisHans arourkd Talladega. 177

AiTNiSTON, Ala. and Lawbon, Ala^

Boys CuTTure Wood.

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178 MtsHons around Talladega.

Jbnifeb Pabsonagb and Chuboh.

Ohuboh, Childbbsbubg, Ala.

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Talladega and Surrounding Missions. 179

them said they were tired of their ignorant and noisy meetings, and wanted
to find a better way. After meeting they lighted their fat-pine torches and
went in all directions down the hill through the pine woods towards their
little cabins^ one, two or three miles away. The next day others hunted
shingle trees, and made shingles while I went to find lumber. At night we
again all gathered in our tent for meeting, and so we continued working dur-
ing the day and holding meetings at night. Our meetings were very inter-
esting and quiet. The first that pledged themselves for Jesus were middle-
aged men who were helping make shingles and the woman who came to
cook for me. Early in the evening we had inquiry and prayer-meeting
and then preaching by myself or one of my helpers/'

Sometimes a day was spent in visiting from house to house. Mr.
Henry Brown speaks of one of these days as follows : *' Thirty square
miles of rather thinly settled forests and plantations and a village were
divided into nine districts. One of us, and one or more citizens, were as-
signed to each district. We reported progress at night. It would have
done your heart good to hear the reports. The people were so much
interested in the reports that I allowed them to go on telling of what they
had seen and heard instead of the sermon. Gray-headed men and women
had promised that day to serve the Lord, and had knelt in prayer at their
own homes, who had never prayed before. One committee found twelve
persons who seemed anxious to begin a new life. One reported that it
was the best day of his life ; he had not supposed sinners would listen so

After a church was organized and a house built, it was often a puzzle
to know how to support the young student-pastor. At one point thirteen
miles in the country a special conference was held over this important
matter, which is reported as follows : " How shall our young colored min-
isters live ? There isn't much money in the country. They are ready to
give their time to the work ; how then shall they be supported ?" One said :
"If I raise little I will give a little." From one and another the replies
came : " I can give a chicken," and '' I, some com," and '' I, a bushel of
potatoes," and '' I can give one egg if I can't any more," and '' I will pull
fodder for the minister's cow, and if he hasn't any cow I will give shucks
to help him buy one." One said, '' Let us do this once a month," and
from another part of the house came the quick reply : " But the minister
must eat more than once a month. Let us do this every week." One sug-
gested *' giving all the eggs one hen would lay, and that one row of potatoes
be the Lord's row." The reporter of this meeting says : " It met my ideal
of the Missionary Herald meetings, when the natives give rice, etc., for the
gospel." I am glad to add that this church has had a good pastor during
all the sixteen years since this conference was held. It rejoices also in a
parsonage and a good missionary school.

Thus we are allowed to see these missionaries at this early day doing

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180 TaUadega and 8u/rround%ng Missions.

their Christly work. Where the tent could not go there the log cabin and
brush arbor came into use. Sometimes a few logs were extracted from the
rear end of the cabin, and the audience-room indefinitely extended by a
thick awning of brush cut from the neighboring trees and supported on
poles. This was often done in times of a great rally as at special revival
meetings, which often continued for one or two weeks. Mrs. Brown not
infrequently was in attendance, visiting sometimes from door to door and
holding cottage prayer-meetings. Including the mother church we have
nine Congregational churches as the fruit, in part, of the missionary efforts
in and about Talladega. They have an average membership of seventy,
though there are not a few absent owing to the unsettled character of the
people. Last year they contributed over two thousand dollars to the
Lord's work. All are comfortably housed except one, and all have good
Sabbath-schools, and godly and intelligent pastors. Three have had beau-
tiful chapels erected during the past five years. Two have had their houses
burned, and in one case the unfriendly act was repeated in order to tone
down the too radical temperance sentiment. In one of these cases the
energetic pastor and people erected a temporary slab house, and continued
services without the loss of a Sabbath. As a rule they have had the good
will of the people, and often been aided not a little by them. Three of them
are located in the piny woods on plantations, and the other six are in grow-
ing towns and have a promising future. They have done and are doing a
great and good work. All this region for fifty miles about has felt their
power, and many churches and Sunday-schools have been modeled after
them. All denominations have shared in the beneficent results. As early
as 1873 there were forty Sunday-schoo s in and about this center of Chris-
tian work, and largely growing out of it. The gospel leaven is everywhere
working, but ignorance is still dense and the heart perverse, so that we are
yet a long way off from the full gospel blessing.

Shblbt, Ala.

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MiasUms around Talladega, Ala. 181

Ibonaton, Ala«

Tsn CoTB Churoh utd old Stobb fibst ubbd ab Mbbtino House.

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182 Marionj Seltna and Mobile, Ala.


The church at Marion, Ala., was organized the first Sabbath in January,
1870. In July, 187 1, it determined to build. It then had thirty-three
male members, all so poor as to have considerable difficulty in providing
the means of support. The American Missionary Association gave a lot
worth $100, and $860 in cash. Citizens of Marion contributed in money
and work, $245 ; friends at the North, $260. The members themselves
did the work and wrung the rest out of their own poverty, giving in work
and money $1,462. In the eighteenth week after they entered the woods
to cut the sills, the house, worth over $3,000, was dedicated, and of the
seven houses of worship at that time in Marion — one of them costing
four times as much — ^this was admitted to be the best, in construction and
inside finish.

Organized May 12, 1872, in the midst of a revival. Twenty-six joined
on that Sabbath and five on the following Sabbath. The church increased
numerically 100 per cent, in one year. The chapel was built in 1873, on
faith. The pastor writes at that time : '' We commenced the work without
knowing where the funds were coming from except what was pledged by
the Association — ^the ground and $z,ooo. Several times I have been with-
out anything to pay my hands, but have gone forward with the work, trust-
ing to God to send the money as needed, and it has come at just the time
that I must have it." The building was dedicated in October and a praise
service was held at night. The house cost a little over $3,000, and is pro-
nounced a gem of beauty. That year the church raised $197.50, and sent
$10 to the Mendi Mission, $10 to Talladega College, furnished their church
with chairs, carpet for pulpit, hymn-books and gas reflectors.



This church was organized in the spring of 1876 with nineteen or twenty
old colored people from the white Presbyterian churches of Mobile. From
1865 to 1876 those colored Presbyterians lived with a feeling of uncertain-
ty as to their church life. They had enjoyed pleasant experiences in the
white churches until the emancipation. The conditions after the war
affected church life greatly relative to the colored people.

i The colored Presbyterians were rather quiet and intelligent in their
worship. This made them choice in selecting a new church home. Yet,
by pressure of circumstances miny in Mobile were forced to go into other

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Some Churches in Alabama. 188

No. 1.— MONTGOMBBT. No. 2. — MOBILB.

No. 8.— Selma. No. 4. — Mabion.


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184 Monlgomeryj Ala,

churches, as there was no colored Presbyterian Church, and the gallery is
not as a special place congenial to them. The Congregational Church was
hailed by these people as a benediction sent to them by heaven.

It is clear that the church is the planting of the Lord. The colored
people are rapidly growing out of those singular habits of worship which
have made them objects of pity and ridicule. They are helped to the
higher sense and taste of worship very much by the living examples of our
Congregational churches through the South.

Our church edifice was rebuilt in 1883. Since then the church has
been more respected and has enjoyed larger prosperity. The church has
received an average of two members per month since 1883, and fully two
hundred of her converts have gone elsewhere.


(Fn* piebuif of ehureh^ «m prmUnu page,)

In the South, denominational walls are built very high, thick and solid.
This is especially true among the colored people, and grows largely out of
their unenlightened condition. When your missionary first came into con-
tact with it, it was a sad revelation to him. When in 1872 our church in
Montgomery was organized he could find but two males — one an ordinary
young man and the other an old man and decrepit, to enter into it. He was
more successful among the females, as evangelists seem to have been in
Apostolic days. All told, including some teachers from the North, the
pastor and his wife, we numbered sixteen souls. Not a very encouraging
beginning, but we were confident it was of God.

During the first two years there was no general revival. What was
gathered into the church was '' hand picked," the result of personal effort
with individual souls at their homes mostly. For hours at night after the
toil of the day was over we sat in their cabins to expound to them the bet-
ter way. As the pine knots blazed on the hearth we tried to make the
light of the blessed One shine in the souL Confidence was at length estab-
lished, and one and another became interested. Small cottage prayer
meetings were held in remote neighborhoods, and tracts given those who
could read. A pastor's Bible class was organized for the middle-aged and
older ones. A good Sabbath-school was in operation among the children
from the beginning. The regular preaching services were made as inter-
esting and powerful as possible, and the prayer meetings grew to be a
spiritual feast to those who could be induced to come. In the winter
months twenty or more members of the Legislature were often present at
the eleven o'clock preaching service and seemed to get light, going away
to report what they had seen and heard. Others followed their example,
and.thus our audience slowly increased.


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Centred Churchy New Orleans^ La. 185

The strength of the church came out of the pastor's Bible class. The
truths of the word gave them strength and courage. We had a large map
of Palestine hung before the class each Sabbath, the first they had seen.
When Jerusalem was pointed out on the map one good woman said in her
surprise^ '' Why, I thought Jerusalem wasjn heaven ! " I learned after-
wards that many others entertained the same view, not only of it but of
many other places. So uninstructed were they that my heart was often
greatly moved. Nearly every one of the members of this class finally be-
came members of the church. Slowly thus grew the word of God until
the third winter, when we had a gracious and general outpouring of the
Spirit which cannot here be reported. The first winter our little church
numbered twenty- one ; the second, thirty- six, and the third, sixty- six, and
not a few were strong and noble-hearted men and women. The church
was now on the rock, and ever after would stand firm, to the glory of God
the Father. This church is reported to-day as " self-supporting," and it
has had a powerful influence in stimulating and moulding other churches
in that capital city and the region round about. A multitude of souls have
seen the light that for almost twenty years has been streaming forth from
this gospel light house planted by the A. M. A. What a privilege to have
some humble part in so glorious a work !


Organized July, 1872. This church was made up in large part from
the St. James, a few from the Morris Brown, with the University Church.
The church edifice of the Fourth Presbyterian Society (white) was pur-
chased at a cost of about $20,000. In 1879 the pastor writes : '' For four
weeks we gathered every night with an attendance ranging from eighty to
one hundred and fifty. I have never witnessed a revival of greater spiritual
power." In 1880, '' It is my happiness to record one of the most precious
revivals in the history of the Central Church. For twenty- seven consecu-
tive evenings we met in the lecture-room. Of the thirty converted in the
meetings, twenty-four were received to the fellowship of the church. Of
the two hundred and fifty present in the audience, one hundred and fifty
received the sacrament. In 1881 a revival of great power occurred, re-
sulting in fifty conversions. In 1882 the truth preached was owned of God
in the awakening of nearly one hundred souls. On many occasions thirty
were on the anxious seats. During the five weeks of continuous services,
sixty-six professed hope in the Saviour, twenty-five of them students of the
University, and thirty-five were received to the church. The church has
now one hundred and fifty-four members, with one hundred and seventy in
the Sunday-school. The collections average a little more than twenty dol-
lars a Sunday. (For picture see next page.)

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186 New Orleans, Lcl—DoUob, Texas.

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WoodviUe, Oa.—Atlantay Oa. 187


Organized in 1874. In 1877 the pastor writes: ''The church was
crowded both morning and night Some people came over seven miles to
worship with us. At the night meetingover forty came forward for prayer.
This year the church purchased a bell and an organ. In 1878 twenty-
eight united, mostly from the Sunday-school. The American Missionary
Association built a neat little parsonage. In 1879 the church was ceiled
and painted inside. In 1880 the people, with aid from the Association,
raised the meeting house on a brick basement ; the church was repainted
and new seats were added. In 1881 a new fence was put round the lot, the
meeting house was improved on the outside, trees were set out, and a lot
was purchased at the Five Mile for mission work."


{^or picture^ 9U next page,)

Organized, May, 1867. This was the second church organization of the
Association among the colored people, and this is the simple record at the
time : ** May 27, 1867. Yesterday (Sabbath) for the first time we gathered,
ten of us, round the communion table of the Saviour as a Congregational

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188 Mrst Ohuroh, AtlarUa, Ga,

* Union Church/ which organized last week. It is made up of seven males
and three females. The service of baptism was administered to four."
Dr. Strieby preached the sermon on this occasion, and Gen. Saxton attended
in full regimentals, saying that he wished not only Gen. Saxton but the
United States to be represented. This church has been so blessed with
repeated revivals that hardly an annual report of the Association has been
issued without mention of the outpouring of the Spirit upon this people.
This church worshipped in the Storrs chapel until 1878, when the church
building was erected. This is a beautiful structure in brick, with slate
roof and tower, stained glass windows and a $300 Troy bell. All the work
was done hy colored people. It was dedicated June 20, 1880, the dedication
being delayed till all debt was cleared off the house. Dr. Strieby preached
the sermon, and the Mayor of the city was present and made an address.


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Savannah^ €kL — McIrUoshj &a. 189



The cut numbered 5 on the next page is a picture of the First Congrega-
tional Church of Savannah. Immediately after the war, following almost
in the wake of the army, a school, the Beach Institute, was planted by the
American Missionary Association in Savannah for the education of the
recently emancipated slaves.

In 1869, in one of the 'rooms of this school, the first Congregational
Church in this section of Georgia was organized. Its membership was
composed of the teachers in the school, a few of their pupils and one or
two adults from outside.

To most of the people, white and black, a Congregational Church was
regarded as a kind of a ** new departure." By the whites it was called a
Yankee innovation, by the blacks a *' book church," so that it was not very
cordially received at first by either. The growth of necessity was slow
because most of its members being children it had no families to draw
from. As devoted Christians as ever lived labored here, and under their
ministrations, the church held steadily though slowly on its course.

In 1887 the church assumed self-support, being the first of the Asso-
ciation's churches to relieve it of the burden of carrymg it.

Year by year the membership has increased, while opposition from
without has decreased. Steadily it has grown in the confidence of the
people and has succeeded in drawing around it not a few of the oldest and
best families in the city. Small in number as compared with the great
Methodist and Baptist churches, yet its work has been unique. Its chief
mission has been that of " toning " the community. Many of the teachers
in the Sunday-schools in the larger churches have been trained here, and
when they go they carry kind remembrances with them. Many of them
in past days who dubbed it the '' book church " are fast becoming book
churches themselves in the best sense of the word.

There have been some precious seasons of revival, when many were
gathered in, but the aim has been to stimulate individual effort all the year
round. Since January i, 1892, there have been received into its mem-
bership twenty-four persons, many of them heads of families.


Organized July 25, 1874, with one hundred and three members. This new
organization was composed largely of the former colored members of the old

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