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Journal of social hygiene (Volume 28) online

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Ralph Peoples, Secretary, Oregon State Industrial Union Council, C.I.O. ; Dr. T.
L. Meador, Health Officer, City of Portland; Dr. Frederick D. Strieker, Secre-
tary, State Board of Health of Oregon; Major General Horace Fuller, Com-
manding General 41st Division, U. S. Army, represented by Major Vern Miller;
Rear Admiral C. S. Freeman, U. S. Navy, Commandant, 13th Naval District ;
Dr. Raymond B. Walker, Pastor, First Congregational Church, Portland; Dr.
Verne D. Bain, Oregon State Department of Education; Hon. Donald E. Long,
President, Oregon State Conference of Social Work; Dr. John Haskins, President,
Oregon Mental Hygiene Association; Walter W. R. May, Portland General
Electric Company; Jack Lynch, David Robinson.


Morning Session 9:30 A.M.

Subject: Social Protection in Wartime, with Special Reference to the Venereal



Health Protection A Direct Attacl- on the Enemy, DONALD G. KVAN.S, M.D..
Director, Washington State Department of Health


Law Enforcement Driving the Enemy Out of Bounds, ALAN CROFT BLANCIIARD,

Associate Regional Supervisor, Section on Social Protection, Federal Security

Recreation Friend or Enemy, DON T. ORPUT, Recreational Representative for

Oregon and Columbia Area, Federal Security Agency
Public Information The Weapons Most Feared by the Enemy, G. F. AMYOT,

ESQ., M.D., Provincial Health Officer for British Columbia
Questions and Answers, MRS. SAIDIE ORR DUNBAR, Executive Secretary, Oregon

Tuberculosis Association

Luncheon Session 12:15 P.M.
Presiding: WALTER W. R. MAY.


Mapping Social Hygiene Education for Oregon, ADOLPH WEINZIRL, M.D.
Syphilis in Wartime, WALTER CLARKE, M.D., Executive Director, American
Social Hygiene Association.

Afternoon Session 2:30 P.M.
Subject: The Community Faces Its Problem.


The Citizen, MRS. T. W. DELZELL

The Army, MAJOR VERN MILLER, 41st Division, U. S. Army
Industry, WALTER W. R. MAY, Director of Public Relations, Portland General

Electric Company
Labor, DEL NICKERSON, Executive Secretary, Oregon State Federation of Labor;

and RALPH PEOPLES, Secretary, Oregon State Industrial Union Council, C.I.O.
The Private Physician, W. WELLS BAUM, M.D., President, Oregon State Medical

The U. S. Public Health Service, E. C. DRESCHER, M.D.

Evening Session 8:00 P.M.
Public Meeting at the Benson Polytechnic High School



Social Hygiene in Wartime The Citizen's Part, WALTER CLARKE, M.D., Execu-
tive Director, American Social Hygiene Association

Motion Picture Showings: With These Weapons, In Defense of the Nation.


As usual, a pleasant feature of Social Hygiene Day meetings was
the exchange of friendly telegrams and other greetings between the
state and community groups and the national Association. Some
of them are given below:

America's united effort to keep strong and healthy in face of danger is being
given added support by your meeting today. Greetings from the West.

San Francisco, Calif.

Appreciate leadership National Association. Greetings to you and Massachu-
setts Society.

H. H. HAZEN, M.D., President and R. H. EVERETT, Secretary,
Social Hygiene Society of the District of Columbia

Washington, D. C.

On eve of Southeastern Kegional Conference on "Social Safety in War and
After" it appears we will have record attendance. This region extends to the
National Organization greetings on the occasion of its annual meeting.

Southeastern Regional Conference
Jacksonville, Fla.

Our sincere good wishes for a successful annual meeting and conference. Regret
we cannot be with you.


Louisville, Ky.

We join you in spirit and purpose. Keep America Strong!

Kansas City, Mo.

Greetings from St. Louis. Success in great task for coming year.

HARRIET S. CORY, M.D., Secretary,
Missouri Social Hygiene Association
St. Louis, Mo.

Social Hygiene Committee New York Tuberculosis and Health Association and
one hundred and fourteen cooperating and sponsoring public and voluntary
agencies engaged in planning Annual Conference on Social Hygiene send you
greetings. Tenth Annual Conference to be held tomorrow. Expect several
thousand professional persons to attend. Carry on the good work, Boston.

Social Hygiene Committee
J. A. GOLDBERG, Secretary,

New York, N. Y.

Expect 150 representative Syracusans at local Social Hygiene Day luncheon
Thursday. Greetings and best wishes for successful Boston meeting. American
Social Hygiene Association leadership supplies essential vitamins for victory.

Syracuse, N. Y.

This brings to all of you who are gathering together in observation of the 6th
National Social Hygiene Day our greetings.

MRS. H. C. WHITEHORNE, President
Toledo, Ohio, Social Hygiene Council
Toledo, Ohio

The Oklahoma Committee on Social Hygiene Day brings to all of you who are
gathered together in observance of Sixth National Social Hygiene Day our
greetings and our deep appreciation of your contribution to the vital task of
keeping America strong for the great effort that lies before her.

L. M. JONES, Chairman
Oklahoma City, Okla.

Philadelphia's committee pledges full support to Social Hygiene Program. Best
wishes for successful inert ing. CHARLES KURTZHALZ

I'hil.-Ml.'lpliia, Pa.


In accordance with the official call issued in December, the Asso-
ciation's Twenty-ninth Annual Business Meeting was held at the
Hotel Astor, New York City, on February 4, 1942, which was also
the scene of the Tenth Annual Social Hygiene Day Conference under
the auspices of the Social Hygiene Committee of the New York Tuber-
culosis Association. The Association's Secretary, Professor Maurice
A. Bigelow, presided and presented the following letter as greetings
from President Ray Lyman Wilbur, who was detained on the West
Coast by Social Hygiene Day events there:

Stanford University, California
January 26, 1942

To the Members of the American Social Hygiene Association :

This has been an important year in the life of the American Social
Hygiene Association. Its officers have faced the responsibility of
working with the officials of the United States government (particu-
larly the Secretary of War, Secretary of the Navy and the Federal
Security Administrator, including the Public Health Service) in
preparing plans and putting them into operation to protect from
contamination from venereal diseases the men brought into the armed
services of the government. It is fortunate indeed that in Dr. Snow
as General Director we had the man who had done much of the prac-
tical work back of the effective program adopted in the World War
in 1917-18. With the cooperation of General Ireland working with
General Pershing, a uniquely successful campaign was carried out then.

Through our Committee on National Defense Activities we have
now gone far enough to feel confident that we can do much to develop
far better conditions than would otherwise be possible. The financial
program has been successful enough to permit of considerable margin
in our work. By now it becomes clear that we will not only have a
larger responsibility every month here in the United States, but we
will have this responsibility spread to many parts of the world where
our armed forces must inevitably go.

Our educational work among young people must be extended and
spread over all our military services. Fundamentally, it is a problem
of teaching self-management for no matter what is done by the
authorities, only through this self -management of individuals can we
help to secure that protection for American manhood,' womanhood
and childhood which is essential if we are to come out of this tragic
situation with adequate strength to face all of the difficulties that will

confront us.



Like most medical problems, we must deal with facts and realities
as they exist and where they exist. We cannot stop with theories and
declarations. We must try to see that sound preventive measures are
not only discovered but are actually put into effect.

Very sincerely yours,


General Officers were elected as follows on recommendation of the
Nominating Committee:

Honorary President: Edward L. Keyes, M.D., New York

President: Ray Lyman Wilbur, M.D., California

Vice-Presidents :

John H. Stokes, M.D., Pennsylvania Mrs. Chester C. Bolton, Ohio

Sewell L. Avery, Illinois Frank H. Lahey, M.D., Massachusetts

Secretary: Maurice A. Bigelow, New York

Treasurer: Timothy N. Pfeiffer, New York

Members of the Board of Directors were elected as follows :

Eev. Arthur E. McKinstry, Delaware Albert J. Chesley, M.D., Minnesota

Ross T. Mclntire, M.D., Washington, James C. Magee, M.D., Washington,

D. C. D. C.

Alan Johnstone, South Carolina Louis I. Dublin, New York

Thomas Parran, M.D., Washington, Philip R. Mather, Massachusetts

D. C. William F. Snow, M.D., New York

President Wilbur made the following appointments to the Associa-
tion's standing committees for 1942:

Committee on Credentials: Ray H. Everett, Chairman, Washington, D. C.
Margaret Flynn, Kentucky W. F. Higby, California

Harriet S. Cory, Missouri Maurice A. Bigelow, New York

Committee on Resolutions: Hugh R. Dowling, Chairman, Maryland

Ralph E. Wager, Georgia Mrs. S. W. Miller, Massachusetts

Mrs. Elwood Street, Virginia Robert H. Bishop, Jr., M.D., Ohio

Committee on Nominations: Max J. Exner, M.D., Chairman, New Jersey
Walter W. R. May, Oregon W. C. Williams, M.D., Tennessee

John Sundwall, M.D., Michigan Alan Johnstone, South Carolina

The other committees were continued subject to subsequent revision or additions
by the Board of Directors during the year.

The Membership Corporations Report: This report is prepared in
accordance with the New York State law under which the Association
is incorporated as a non-profit membership corporation. As pre-
sented and approved in detail at the Business Meeting, the report may
be summarized for the year ending December 31, 1941, as follows:


Number of new members acquired during the year 3,568

Inventory of personal property at close of year (cash and accounts

receivable) $ 36,293.34

Amount acquired during the year 193,770.47

Amount applied, appropriated or expended during year 185,673.15

These figures also cover in summary the report of the Association's
Treasurer, Timothy N. Pfeiffer, and the auditor, Frederick Fischer.
Details of income, expense and general finances appear as of Decem-
ber 31, as follows:

INCOME January 1 to December 31, 1941

Contributions $165,438.51

Membership dues and subscriptions to Journal of

Social Hygiene 5,680.81

Income from books, pamphlets, films, exhibits and

other materials 22,648.41

Miscellaneous income 2.74

Total Income 1941 $193,770.47

EXPENSE January 1 to December 31, 1941

Public Information and Extension $ 16,786.54

Legal and Protective Activities 5,441.10

Medical and Public Health Activities 8,838.81

National Education Committee Activities 6,002.02

Executive Committee Activities 2,995.93

Membership Committee Activities 1,102.68

National Anti-Syphilis Committee including finan-
cial campaign 31,097.75

General Field Service 25,934.63

Publications: Journal of Social Hygiene, Social

Hygiene News, books, pamphlets, films, exhibits. . 27,222.94

Special Projects: Social Hygiene Day, Youth Serv-
ice, Annual Meeting, Special Studies of prostitu-
tion and quackery, Cooperation with Pharmacists,
Industrial groups, and Health Authorities, and
miscellaneous 60,250.75

Total Expense 1941 185,673.15*



Special Funds William Freeman Snow Medal Fund $ 239.98
General Funds

Cash for general purposes including revolving

funds and petty cash 26,969.40

Cash held for state and community projects with

Anti-Syphilis Committees 577.06

Advances to staff for travel 2,234.10

Prepaid expense 1,000.00

Accounts receivable for publications and services 5,150.30

Securities 10 shares Boston Wharf Company

stock estimated value as of December 31st, 1941 . 122.50


Due Anti-Syphilis Committees for state

and community projects

Accounts payable for printing materials
and special expense Social Hygiene Day

Total Liabilities

Total Assets $ 36,293.34

$ 577.06

$ 10,601.97

NET WOETH December 31, 1941 $ 25,691.37

* In carrying out the program of the Association, various cooperative project
activities were carried on during the year under arrangements which permitted
direct payment of $26,090.56 from funds of other agencies in addition to the
total of $185,673.15 expended by the Association from its Treasury in 1941.



The reports and recommendations regarding the program for
1!)42. discussed at the Annual Meeting sessions may be summed
up as follows When President Roosevelt declared a limited emer-
gency in 1939, the American Social Hygiene Association was
among the first organizations whose aid was sought in meeting the
added social hygiene problems which inevitably arise out of the
mobilization of armed and industrial manpower. The declaration of
war on December 8, 1941, and the acceleration of national effort since
then necessarily focussed the Association program more sharply than
before on these problems. As in 1917, for the duration of the present
war every resource' of staff and facilities, under the direction of the
Board of Directors and Executive Committee with approval of their
members, will be made available for the task of winning the war.

This is reflected especially in the volume of activity and detail
flowing through the liaison office in Washington, where it has been
necessary to assign additional staff members to work with national
official and voluntary agencies, and in the increased demands for field
services and consultation. We must be prepared to see the pace and
the quantity of these activities increase as the war effort progresses.
As Dr. Wilbur says in his letter on page 165: "It becomes clear
that we will not only have a larger responsibility every month here
in the United States, but we will undoubtedly have requests from
many parts of the world where our armed forces must inevitably go."

Alternative plans made well in advance are constantly necessary
to enable our limited staff to be assigned to the best advantage and
to carry the load without breaking under its weight. And while we
square off to the urgent, immediate problems of the war emergency,
we must never lose sight of the far horizon and the long-range pro-
gram for the continued building of sound family life after the emer-
gency has passed. As we have often said before, education for
human relations is an important part of the job today, and must not
be lost sight of during war times. It will be important long after
syphilis and gonorrhea have been conquered, and prostitution has
been put out of business.

Recognizing that adjustments and concessions may be necessary
during the year, it is proposed to continue the four main divisions
of work heretofore set up as channels through which the national
program reaches the states and communities:

Public Information ami l\.rtrnvi<>n Mctlicnl and Public Ile/tltli .ic>iriti,\<;

Legal and Prot< c/irr .li-tirititx Education ami UOIIK Traiiniui, for

Marriaf/f and FmiiHii I.if<

These major groups of activities correlated with recreation, industrial,
army and navy special activities spread across the entire war picture,
with certain areas such as cantonment areas and war industry com-
munities selected for special effort.

BUDGET FOR 1942 169

To carry out this prop-ram for 1942, including continuance of
essential long-range activities and special war activities, the Executive
Director has recommended budget estimates totaling $325,000; and
the Board has approved a minimum budget of $200,000, plus $25,000
for books, pamphlets, films and exhibits to be developed and dis-
tributed on a self-supporting basis, and $100,000 additional for special
War emergency activities to be carried out to the extent that supple-
mental funds become available.


The Budget for 1942 : Summarized, the budget approved for the
year 1942, includes the following principal items


1. Public Information and Extension

Service to state, community and special groups in
developing social hygiene activities, organizing new
societies and committees, training personnel, arrang-
ing special meetings and conferences; publication of
the Journal of Social Hygiene, Social Hygiene News,
special pamphlets, reprints, films, exhibits, produc-
tion of publicity materials; and conduct of general
informational service $ 31,352.57

2. Legal and Protective Activities

Advice to groups seeking improvement in laws and
ordinances and their enforcement during the year,
and preparing for such activities in 1943; promotion
of community protective measures to safeguard
youth; a*id to states and communities generally in
studying and combating the "rackets" of commer-
cialized prostitution and quackery, especially in the
vicinity of Army camps, Naval bases and in war
industry areas 13,374.80

3. Medical and Public Health Activities

Clearing house service to health authorities and the
medical profession, to nurses and medical social
workers, on new methods and materials in the cam-
paigns against syphilis and gonorrhea; advisory
service to agencies concerned with assisting infected
persons to seek and find reliable medical aid; pro-
motion of community understanding and support of
adequate facilities and services for these purposes.. 14,634.80

4. Education and Home Training for Marriage and

Family Life

Consultation and correspondence with parents,
teachers, church leaders, and physicians on sound
sex education and hygiene; cooperation with these
and other agencies in developing practical plans for
the preparation and training of youth for mar-
riage and parenthood; promotion of state, church,
and community participation in protection of mar-
riage and family life; development of the National
Education Committee and studies of human rela-
tions education 7,234.06


5. Field Services

Maintenance of national and regional activities and
offices in different parts of the country, in coopera-
tion with state and local social hygiene societies, to
provide consultation and advisory service for com-
munity groups; lecture and conference field schedxiles
in the four divisions of work; special field work in
selected areas, especially in relation to the war effort 32,547.10

6. Special Activities of Committees

Finance Committee program and related National
Anti-Syphilis Committee activities; Executive Com-
mittee studies and administration; ^Committee on
National Defense and War Activities studies; Mem-
bership Committee activities; other standing and
special committee activities, and cooperation with
official and voluntary agencies in promoting social
hygiene work and support 39,224.67

7. Special Projects

Field studies of prostitution conditions in states
and communities; special services to youth; Seventh
National Social Hygiene Day and regional confer-
ences; special service to industry; studies of
methods of public education and training of per-
sonnel; and various other projects 61,632.00



Stock books, pamphlets, films, exhibits and other


Total Estimated Budget Needs for 1942 $325,000


The Finance Committee (Philip R. Mather, Chairman)

In accordance with the Association's usual procedure, the Finance
Committee presented a report for examination and approval of the
membership at the business session of the Annual Meeting. The
report included:

1. The Report of the Treasurer for the year ending December 31,
1941. Mr. Pfeiffer, as Treasurer, submitted in brief summary
the records of income and expense for the year, with such com-
ments as have been deemed necessary.

2. The Auditor's Report for the year 1941. Mr. Frederick Fischer,
the Auditor, carried on the usual progressive audit during the
year and presented an annual report based on his final exam-
ination of the accounting records, checks, requisitions, receipts,
bank receipts, deposits and balances, inventories, and related


3. The Annual Membership Corporation Report. The report,
in accordance with the By-laws and the New York State law
governing non-profit membership corporations, was prepared
in customary form for signature by the members of the Board
of Directors.

The following excerpt from Mr. Mather 's statement for the Finance
Committee, will be of particular interest to the members

December, 1941, returns began fast, tapered off sharply following
December 7, but recovered sufficiently to make the month a good one
and the year's totals far and away the best yet. Totals for Decem-
ber were 804 gifts for $28,923.96 and grand totals for 1941 were
5,998 gifts and $160,495.76. These totals, compared with the cam-
paign's best previous year, 1940 (4,129 gifts and $136,656.93), rep-
resent gains of 1,869 gifts and $23,838.83 or 45% in numbers and
Yl% in amount.

A more detailed breakdown shows that in numbers, gifts in excess
of $100 increased slightly the large gains coming chiefly in the range
of less than $100. In amounts the same thing holds true over $16,000
of the $23,000 gain comes in the range of less than $100 gifts.

This is an encouraging situation, since for the "long pull" the
Association needs primarily a broad base and solid foundation of
modest annual gifts.

What even the immediate future holds for this campaign or any
campaign like it, is anybody 's guess. We can only hope that increased
awareness of the danger of the spread of venereal disease during this
critical period will offset preoccupation with more tangible war
needs, campaigns for huge sums by such organizations as the Red
Cross, and constantly increasing taxes.

The campaign staff reports that it will continue to be optimistic
until and if forced by concrete circumstances to change its point of
view. While recognizing the added obstacles it must face in 1942,
it feels that the public will continue to respond to American Social
Hygiene Association appeals because of a more widespread apprecia-
tion of the need for an all-out fight to prevent venereal diseases from
sabotaging our war efforts.

January, 1942, results were encouraging and seem to bear out that
optimism. In spite of deferring until February several localized
campaigns which under ordinary circumstances would have been held
in January, in order to avoid conflict with the Ked Cross and Infantile
Paralysis campaigns, the totals were 5 gifts and $4,315.08 over
January, 1941.

February mailings are lining up well and should, barring unfore-
seen catastrophies, be at least as good as February, 1941.

The Committee on Credentials (RAY H. EVERETT, Chairman]

In accordance with the procedure prescribed for annual meetings
of the membership of the Association, the Committee certifies that


there is present a quorum of qualified members, and that the presid-
ing officer may call the meeting to order for the purposes of this 1942
annual meeting.

As in past years, the members of this Committee have also served
during the year on the Membership Committee of the Association.
At this time, therefore, we desire to make the following statement
regarding the membership of the Association and the activities of
this Committee.

During the year 1941 there have been added 3,568 new members.
Of these

New Society members provide 2

New Library members provide 116

New Individual members provide 3,450

Total new members 3,568

Contributors who accepted membership make up 3,216 of the indi-
vidual members, the remaining 352 being persons who applied directly
for membership. The total membership as of December 31st, 1941
was 14,321.

Sampling of the membership data in respect to age, occupation,
residence, and participation in local social hygiene activities empha-

Online LibraryAmerican Social Hygiene AssociationJournal of social hygiene (Volume 28) → online text (page 21 of 71)